Pathamag±th±-paramatthad²pan²

1. AbhidhammatthasaŖgaha½ kattuk±mo anuruddhatthero saŖgah±rabbhe t±va sappayojane pańcapiŗ¹atthe dassento ±dig±tha m±ha. Pańcapiŗ¹atth±n±ma ratanattayavandan±, ganth±bhidheyyo, ganthappak±ro, ganth±bhidh±na½, ganthappayojana½. Tattha t²su ratanesu nippaccak±rakaraŗa½ ratanattayavandan±n±ma. S± samm±sambuddhamatula½ sasaddhammagaŗuttama½ abhiv±diy±ti etehi padehi dassit±. Sakalena ganthena abhihit± padh±natthabh³t± catt±ro abhidhammatth± ganth±bhidheyyo. So abhidhammatthasaŖgahantipade abhidhammattha saddena dassito.
[1] Vibh±vaniya½ pana
SaŖgahitabh±vopi abhidheyyoyev±ti katv± abhidheyyo abhidhammatthasaŖgahapadena dassitotivutta½. Ta½ na sundara½.
Na hi so appadh±natthabh³to saŖgahitabh±vo imasmi½ piŗ¹atthadassane abhidheyyo n±ma bhavitu½ yuttoti. Ito paµµh±yaca µ²k±yanti vutte imassa saŖgahassa dv²su s²ha¼aµ²k±su patham±µ²k± daµµhabb±. Vibh±vaniyanti vutte etarahi p±kaµ± dut²y±. Ż²k±s³ti vutte dvepi. Mah±µ²k±yanti vutte visuddhimagge mah±µ²k± daµµhabb±. Yańca vacana½ vibh±vaniya½pi ±gata½, ańńatth±pi ±gata½, ta½pi idha vibh±vaniya½tveva vuccati ±sannatt±ti. Sabh±gadhammasaŖgahavasena ganthavidh±n±k±ro ganthappak±ro. So pana saŖgaha saddena dassito.
[2] Vibh±vaniya½ pana
AbhidhammatthasaŖgahapaden±ti vutta½. Ta½ na sundara½.
Na hi abhidhammatthasaddo ganthavidh±n±k±ra½ d²pet²ti. Atth± nugat± ganthasamańń± vanth±bhidh±na½. Ta½ abhidhammattha saŖgahapadena dassita½. SaŖgahaganthe kate sati taduggahaparipucch±divasena an±y±sato laddhabba½ dhamm±na½ sar³p±vabodh±dika½ anup±d±parinibb±nanta½ ganthassa phal±nuphala½ ganthappayojana½ ta½pi abhidhammatthasaŖgahapadeneva s±matthiyato dassita½.
[3] Vibh±vaniya½ pana
SaŖgahasadden±ti vutta½. Ta½ na sundara½.
Na hi abhidhammatthasaddena vin± an±y±sato sa½siddhimattad²pakena saŖgahasaddamattena t±diso anup±d±parinibb±nanto payo janaviseso sakk± vińń±tu½, asaddhamma saŖgah±na½pi loke sandissanatoti.
2. Tattha ratanattayavandan± t±va asaŖkheyya-appameyyappayojan± hoti. Yath±ha–
Te t±dise p³jayato, nibbute akuto bhaye;
na sakk± puńńa½ saŖkh±tu½, yamettha mapi kenac²ti.
Ya metthamap²ti-ettha yenakenaci api manussenav± devenav± brahmun±v± saŖkh±tu½ na sakk±ti yojan±. Ż²k±k±r±pi ta½ payojana½ tattha tattha bahudh± papańcenti. SaŖgahak±r± pana antar±yan²v±raŗameva visesato pacc±s²santi. SaŖgahak±r± tica buddhaghosatther±dayo aµµhakath±cariy± vuccanti.
Nippaccak±rassetassa,
katassa ratanattaye;
±nubh±vena sosetv±,
antar±ye asesatoti hi vutta½.
3. Kathańca ratanattayavandan±ya antar±yan²v±raŗa½ hot²ti. Vuccate-ratanattayavandan± hi n±ma vandan±kiriy±bhinipph±dako sattakkhattu½ sattakkhattu½ anekakoµisatasahassav±re pavattam±no mahanto puńń±bhisando puńńappav±ho. So ca anuttaresu buddh±d²su puńńakkhettesu sa½va¹¹hitatt± therassa ca u¼±racchandasaddh±buddhiguŗehi paribh±vitatt± mah±jutiko mahapphalo mah±nisa½so ca puńń±tisayo hoti. So saya½ payogasampattibh±ve µhatv± bahiddh± vipattipaccaye apanetv± sampattipaccaye upanetv± atipaŗ²ta-utucitt±h±ra samuµµhit±na½ sar²raµµhakadh±t³na½ upabr³hana½ katv± paµisandhito paµµh±ya laddho k±sassa janakakammassa anubala½ deti. Aladdhok±sassa ca puńńantarassa ok±sal±bha½ karoti. Atha laddh±nubalena laddho k±sena ca tadubhayena puńńena nibbatt± r³p±r³pasantatiyo therasant±ne yamakamah±nadiyo viya balavabalavanti yo hutv± pavattanti. Tad± tasmi½ iµµhaphalaghanaparip³rite therasant±ne aniµµhaphalabh³t±na½ rog±di antar±y±na½ uppattiy± ok±so n±ma natth²ti iµµhaphalasant±navib±dhak±ni aniµµhaphalasant±najanak±ni ca apuńńakamm±ni d³rato apan²t±neva honti. Na hi kamm±nin±ma puńń±ni apuńń±ni ca attano vip±kuppattiy± ok±se asati vipaccant²ti. Tato tasmi½ sant±ne ±yuvaŗŗ± dayo iµµhaphaladhamm± y±va ganthaniµµh±n± y±va ±yukappapariyo s±n±pi v± va¹¹hanapakkhe µhatv± pavattanti. Yath±ha–
Abhi v±danas²lissa, nicca½ vu¹¹h±pac±yino;
catt±ro dhamm± va¹¹hanti, ±yuvaŗŗo sukha½ balanti.
Eva½ t±ya vandan±ya antar±yan²v±raŗa½ hot²ti. Tasm± saŖgah±rabbhe ratanattayavandan±karaŗa½ therassa attan± ±rabbha m±nasaŖgahassa anantar±yena parisam±panuttha½. Na kevalańca therasseva, sot³nańca saŖgaha½ gaŗhant±na½ ±dimhiyeva ratanattaya vandan± siddhito anantar±yena gahaŗa kiccasampajjanatthanti.
[4] Vibh±vaniya½ pana
Sattasu javanesu pathamajavana vaseneva vandan± payojana½ vibh±vita½ viya dissati. “Diµµhadhammavedan²yabh³t±”ti hi tattha vutta½. Ta½ na sundara½.
Upatthambhanakiccasseva idha adhippetatt±. Tassa ca sattasupi javanesu upaladdhatt±ti. Yath± hi ±h±rar³passa dv²su kiccesu ojaµµhamakar³pajananakicca½ parittaka½ appamattaka½ hoti. Catussanta tir³pupatthambhanakiccameva mahanta½ adhimatta½. Tath±hi paµµh±nepi tadupatthambhanakiccameva gahetv± kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro imassa k±yassa ±h±rapaccayena paccayoti vibhaŖgav±ro vibhatto. Evameva½ idhapi pathamajavanassa avun±va vip±kajananakicca½ parittaka½ appamattaka½ hoti. Ahetukavip±kamatta½ janet²ti aµµhakath±su vutta½. Kammantarupatthambhanakiccameva mahanta½ adhimatta½. Tańca sattasupi javanesu upalabbhati yev±ti. Yasm± pana ganth±bhidheyye ganthappak±re ganthappayojane ca ±dito vivitesati sotu jan±na½ ganthassavane uss±ho j±yati. Tasm± tesa½ ganth± bhidheyy±d²na½ dassana½ ganthe uss±hajananattha½. Ganth±bhidh±nadassana½ voh±rasukhatthanti. Idamettha piŗ¹atthadassana½.
4. Aya½ pana padattho. Samm±ca bujjhi s±mańca bujjh²ti samm± sambuddho. Ettha ca samm±saddo avipar²tatthe nip±to. So bujjhitabbesu ńeyyadhammesu bujjhanakriy±ya asesaby±vibh±va½ d²peti. Tath±hi padesań±ŗe µhit± paccekabuddh±dayo attano visaye eva avipar²ta½ bujjhanti. Avisaye pana andhak±re paviµµh±viya hont²ti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Visayo ca tesa½ appamattakova sabbańńuvisaya½ up±d±ya yath± hattha puµe ±k±so appamattakova ajaµ±k±sa½ up±d±y±ti. Te hi phass±d²su dhammesu ekadhammampi sabb±k±rato bujjhitu½ nasakkont²ti. Sabbańńubuddh±na½ pana avisayo n±ma natthi, yattha te vipar²ta½ bujjheyyu½. Te hi anamatagge sa½s±re anant±su ca lokadh±t³su tiyaddhagate addhamuttake ca dhamme hatthamaŗike viya samasame katv± bujjhanti. Sabbe dhamm± sabb±k±rena buddhassa bhagavato ń±ŗamukhe ±p±ta m±gacchant²ti hi vutta½. Tattha ń±ŗamukheti sabbańńu½mah±bhavaŖga½ sandh±y±ha. Tattha hi te dhamm± bodhimaŗ¹e sabba½ abhidhamma½ sammasanato paµµh±ya niccak±la½ upaµµhahant²ti. Sabbańńubuddh± pana yattake dhamme vic±retu½ icchanti. Tattake dhamme ±vajjan±ya visu½ katv± ±vajjitv± vic±rent²ti. Nanu dhamm± mahant± bhavaŖga½ parittakanti na codetabbameta½. Ar³padhamm±nańhi paramukka½sapatt±na½ esa ±nubh±voti. Sa½saddo pana s±manti etassa atthe upasaggo. So bhagavato paµivedhadhammesu an±cariyakata½ d²peti. Na me ±cariyo atth²ti hi vutta½. Nanu bhagavato tat²yacatutth±ruppa sam±pattiyo ±¼±rudakam³lik±ti. Sacca½. T± pana analaŖkaritv± laddhamatt±va hutv± cha¹¹itatt± pacch± bujjhanakriy±ya p±dakamatt±pi nahonti. Kuto paµivedhadhamm±ti. Tasm± t± bhagavato buddhabh±ve s±cariyakata½ na s±dhent²ti. Ayamettha p±¼i anugato attho. Yath±ha–
Tattha katamo ca puggalo samm±sambuddho. Idhekacco puggalo pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu s±ma½ sacc±ni abhisambujjhi. Tattha ca sabbańńuta½ p±puŗ±ti. Balesu ca vasibh±va½. Aya½ vuccati puggalo samm±sambuddhoti.
Tatth±ti nimitte bhumma½. Bales³ti dasabala ń±ŗesu. Vasibh±vanti issarabh±va½. Etthaca pubbe. La. S±manti-etena sa½saddassa attha½ dasseti. Tatth±ti-±din± [samm±saddassa-atthanti. Samm±sambuddhapada½]
5. Id±ni thero attano vandana½ suµµhubalava½ karonto atulanti ±ha. Anekaguŗapadavisay± hi vandan± suµµhutara½ balavat² hot²ti. Nanu ekaguŗapadavisay±pi vandan± antar± yan²v±raŗesamatth± siy±ti ki½ dut²yen±ti. Na na samatth±. Vińńuj±tik± pana satthuguŗatthomane mattak±rino n±ma na honti Thero ca tesa½ ańńataro. Tva½ pana avińńuj±tiko. Tasm± matta½ karonto codes²ti. Apica. Na kevala½ antar± yan²v±raŗameva vandan±ya icchitabba½ hoti. Athakho pańń±p±µav±di-atthopi icchitabboyeva. Sopi hi an±y±sena gantha niµµh±nassa ganthap±risuddhiy± ca paccayo hot²ti. Anussatiµµh±nesu hi cittabh±van± cittasam±dh±n±vah± hoti. Citta sam±dh±ne ca sati pańń±tikkh±s³r± hutv± pahati. Sam±hito bhikkhave yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²ti hi vutta½. Tasm± tadatth±yapi attano vandan± suµµhu balavat² k±tabb±yev±ti.
[5] Vibh±vaniya½ pana
“Yath±vuttavacanattha yogepi samm±sambuddhasaddassa bhagavati samańń±vasena pavattatt± atulanti imin± vise set²”ti vutta½. Ta½ na sundara½.
Mahantańhi satthuguŗapad±na½ majjhe eta½ samm±sambuddhapada½, cando viya t±rak±na½ majjhe. Tasm± ta½ sabh±vanirutti½ j±nant±na½santike bh±vatthasuńńa½ satthusamańń±matta½ bhavitu½ n±rahati. Ańńesa½ pana padasahassa½ vuccam±na½pi satthu samańń±mattameva sampajjat²ti. Tulayitabbo ańńena saha pamitabboti tulo. Na tulo atulo, natthitulo sadiso etass±ti v± atulo. Bhagav±. Na hi atthi bhagavato attan± sadiso koci lokasminti. Yath±ha–
Na me ±cariyo atthi, sadiso me na vijjati;
sadevakasmi½ lokasmi½, natthi me paµipuggaloti.
Anacchariyańceta½, ya½ buddhabh³tassa atulatta½. Sampatij±tassapi panassa atulat± pańń±yati. Tad± hi mah±puriso sampatij±tova sam±no puratthimadis±bhimukho aµµh±si. Tasmi½ dis± bh±ge anant±ni cakkav±¼±ni ekaŖgaŗ±ni ahesu½. Tesu µhit± devabrahm±no mah±purisa idha tumhehi sadiso natthi. Kuto uttaritaroti param±ya puj±ya p³jesu½. Eva½ sesadis±supi. Tad± mah±puriso attano sabbalokaggabh±va½ ńatv± aggohamasmi lokassa, seµµhohamasmilokassa, jeµµhohamasmilokassa ayamanti m±j±ti, natthi d±ni punabbhavoti eva½ achambhiv±ca½ nicch±res²ti. Ida½pi anacchariya½, ya½ pacchimabhava½ pattassa atulatta½. Yad± pana so sumedhabh³to d²paŖkarabuddhassa santike niyataby±karaŗa½ gaŗhi. Tad±pi thapetv± d²paŖkarasamm±sambuddha½ p±ramit±guŗehi tena sadiso koci nattheva. Natthibh±vocassa tad± pavatte hi dasasahassilokadh±tukampan±d²hi as±dh±raŗap±µih±riyehi d²petabbo. T±ni hi paccekabodhisatt±na½ satasahassa½pi pavattetu½ na sakkhissatiyeva. Kuto s±vakabodhi satt±nanti. Teneva hi tad± pavattip±ramipavicayańń±ŗa½ attano visaye sabbańńuthańń±ŗagatikanti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. S±vakabodhisatt±pi hi yato paµµh±ya attano bodhiy± anur³pe sambh±radhamme sayameva j±nitu½ sakkonti. Tato paµµh±ya anivattidhamm± hutv± vatt±nus±rimah±puthujjanabh±va½ atikkamitv± bodhisattabh³mi½ okkant± honti. Ekena pariy±yena niyat± sambodhipar±yan± ca n±ma honti. Tad± eva buddh±na½ sammukhibh±ve sati niyataby±karaŗa½ labhanti. Sabbańńu bodhisatta paccekabodhisattesu vattabbameva natth²ti.