4. Sam±sakaº¹a

Atha yuttatth±na½ sy±dyantapad±na½ ekatth²bh±vo vuccate. Ekatth²bh±voti ca idha sam±so vuccati. So ca sam±so chabbidho abyay²bh±vo, tappuriso, kammadh±rayo, digu, bahubb²hi, dvandoti.

Abyay²bh±vasam±sa

Tattha abyay²bh±vo paµhama½ vuccate. Byayo vuccati vik±ro, natthi byayo etass±ti abyayo, abyayo hutv± bhavat²ti abyay²bh±vo, n±n±liªga, vibhatti, vacanesu r³pavik±rarahito hutv± bhavat²ti attho, sabbaliªga,-vibhatti, vacanesupi yebhuyyena ekar³pena pavattat²ti vutta½ hoti.
Abyayanti v± upasagganip±t±na½ eva n±ma½, aya½ pana pakati abyaya½ na hoti, asaªkhyehi saha ekatthat±vasena abyaya½ hoti, iti anabyayampi abyaya½ bhavat²ti abyay²bh±vo.
331. Sy±disy±dinekattha½ [ka. 316; r³. 331; n². 675; ca½. 2.2.1; p±. 2.1.4].
Adhik±rasuttamida½. Sy±di vuccati sy±dyantapada½, ‘sy±din±’ti sy±dyantapadena, eko attho yassa ta½ ekattha½, sy±dipada½ sy±dipadena saha ekattha½ hot²ti attho.
Ettha ca ‘sy±d²’ti vacanena upasagga, nip±tehi saddhi½ sabb±ni n±mikapad±ni n±mapaµir³pak±ni ca saªgaºh±ti, ty±dyantapad±ni nivatteti.
Tattha n±mapaµir³pak±ni n±ma ‘yev±vanakadhamm±’ icc±d²ni. Tath± saññ±saddabh±va½ patt±ni “atthipaccayo, natthipaccayo, atthikh²r± br±hmaº², aññ±sikoº¹añño, makkhaligos±lo” icc±d²su ‘atthi’ icc±d²ni.
‘Ekatthan’ti etena dvandasam±sepi pad±na½ ekakattu, ekakamm±dibh±vena ekatth²bh±vo vutto hot²ti.
332. Asaªkhya½ vibhattisampattisam²pas±kaly±bh±vayath±pacch±yugapadatthe [ka. 319; r³. 330; n². 696; ca½. 2.2.2; p±. 2.1.6].
‘Asaªkhyan’ti upasaggapada½ nip±tapadañca vuccati. Ta½ dvayampi hi ekatta, bahuttasaªkhya½ paµicca r³pavik±rarahitatt± ‘asaªkhyan’ti vuccati. Vibhatyatthe, sampatyatthe, sam²patthe, s±kalyatthe, abh±vatthe, yath±tthe, pacch±tthe, yugapadatthe pavatta½ asaªkhya½ n±ma sy±dipada½ aññena sy±dipadena saha ekattha½ hoti. Ayañca sam±so anvatthavasena ‘asaªkhyo’ti ca ‘abyay²bh±vo’ti ca vuccati.
Vibhatyatthe t±va–
Adhitthi. Ettha ca adhito si, tassa ‘asaªkhyehi sabb±san’ti suttena lopo, itthito su, ‘adhi itth²s³’ti v±kya½, tassa ca attha½ kathentena niccasam±satt± aññapadena viggaho k±tabbo “itth²su pavatt± kath±”ti v± “itth²su pavatto vacanapatho”ti v± “itth²su pavatta½ vacanan”ti v±, tato purimasuttena ekatthasaññ±, imin± suttena asaªkhyekatthasaññ± ca kariyate, ekatthasaññ±ya pana kat±ya v±kyatth±ya payutt±na½ vibhatt²na½ attho ekatthapadena vutto hoti, tad± vibhattiyo vuttatth± n±ma.
Id±ni vuttatth±na½ appayog±rahatt± lopavidh±nam±ha.
333. Ekatthat±ya½ [ka. 316; r³. 331; n². 675; ca½. 2.1.39; p±. 2.4.71; 1.2.45, 46].
Eko attho yesa½ t±ni ekatth±ni, ‘attho’ti cettha padantare kattu, kamm±dibh±vena vidheyyo padh±nattho eva veditabbo. Tath± hi ‘r±japutto’ti ettha puttasaddattho eva tath±vidheyyo hoti, na r±jasaddattho, sabbañca vacanav±kya½ n±ma vidheyyatthehi eva sijjhati, no aññath±, yasm± ca ‘r±japutto’ti eta½ puttasaddatthasseva n±ma½ hoti, na r±jasaddatthassa, tasm± eko padh±nabh³to puttasaddattho eva tesa½ dvinna½ sadd±na½ attho n±ma hoti, na r±jasaddatthoti, ekatth±na½ bh±vo ekatthat±, ekatth²bh±voti vutta½ hoti. So tividho sam±so, taddhito, dh±tupaccayanto c±ti. Tissa½ tividh±ya½ ekatthat±ya½ sabb±sa½ vuttatth±na½ sy±divibhatt²na½ lopo hot²ti imin± sussa lopo. Bahul±dhik±ratt± pana aluttasam±sopi dissati.
334. Ta½ napu½saka½ [ka. 320; r³. 335; n². 698; ca½. 2.2.15; p±. 2.4.18].
Ta½ asaªkhya½ n±ma ekattha½ napu½saka½ hot²ti imin± adhitth²saddassa napu½sakabh±va½ katv± tato sy±dyuppatti.
335. Sy±d²su rasso [ka. 342; r³. 337; n². 734; ca½. 2.2.84; p±. 1.2.47].
Napu½sakassa ekatthassa rasso hoti sy±d²su vibhatt²s³ti imin± ²k±rassa rasso.
336. Pubbasm±m±dito [ka. 343; r³. 338; n². 375; ca½. 2.1.40; p±. 1.1.41].
Pubba-am±di n±ma pubbapadatthapadh±nabh³to asaªkhyasam±so vuccati, tato par±sa½ sabb±sa½ vibhatt²na½ lopo hoti, ±disaddena cettha paµham±vibhattipi gayhati. Atha v± am±di vuccati tappuriso, tato pubba½ n±ma asaªkhyasam±so, iti am±dito pubbabh³t± asaªkhyekatth± par±sa½ sabb±sa½ vibhatt²na½ lopo hot²ti imin± adhitthisaddato sabbavibhatt²na½ lopo.
Adhitthi tiµµhati, itth²su pavatt± kath± tiµµhat²ti attho. Adhitthi tiµµhanti, itth²su pavatt± kath±yo tiµµhant²ti attho. Esa nayo sesavibhatt²su sesavacanesu sesaliªgesu ca. Eva½ sabbaliªgesu sabbavibhatt²su sabbavacanesu ca ekeneva r³pena tiµµhati, tasm± aya½ sam±so r³pavik±rarahitatt± ‘abyay²bh±vo’ti vuccati.
Ettha ca vibhatyattho n±ma “adhitthi, bahig±ma½, uparigaªga” micc±d²su sampaty±d²hi visesatthehi rahito kevalo vibhatt²na½ attho vuccati. Viggahe pana “kath±, pavatt±” icc±d²ni sam±sas±matthiyena vidit±ni atthapad±ni n±ma, adhisaddassa atthapad±n²tipi vadanti. Eva½ adhikum±ri, adhivadhu, adhijambu-icc±di.
Attani pavatto dhammo, pavatt± v±dhamm±ti atthe vibhatt²na½ lope kate adhi-attasaddassa napu½sakabh±va½ katv± tato sy±dyuppatti, ‘pubbasm±m±dito’ti sy±d²na½ lope sampatte–
337. N±tomapañcamiy± [ka. 341; r³. 336; n². 733; ca½. 2.1.41; p±. 2.4.83; mu. 4.3.374].
Ak±rantamh± asaªkhyekatth± para½ sabb±sa½ vibhatt²na½ lopo na hoti, pañcam²vajjit±na½ vibhatt²na½ a½ hoti.
Ajjhatta½ dhammo j±yati, ajjhatta½ dhamm± j±yanti, ajjhatta½ dhamma½ passati, ajjhatta½ dhamme passanti.
Apañcamiy±ti ki½? Ajjhatt± apeti, ajjhattehi apeti.
338. V± tatiy±sattam²na½ [ka. 341; r³. 336; n². 733; ca½. 2.1.42; p±. 2.4.84; mu. 4.3.375].
Ak±rantamh± asaªkhyekatth± para½ tatiy±, sattam²na½ vikappena a½ hoti.
Ajjhatta½ dhammena vattati ajjhattena v±, ajjhatta½ dhammehi vattati ajjhattehi v±, ajjhatta½ dhammassa deti, ajjhatta½ dhamm±na½ deti, ajjhatt± dhamm± apeti, ajjhattehi dhammehi apeti, ajjhatta½ dhammassa santaka½, ajjhatta½ dhamm±na½ santaka½, ajjhatta½ dhamme tiµµhati ajjhatte v±, ajjhatta½ dhammesu tiµµhati ajjhattesu v±. Ettha ca ‘ajjhatta½ dhammo’ti ajjhattabh³to dhammo, ‘ajjhatta½ dhamm±’ti ajjhattabh³t± dhamm± icc±din± attho veditabbo. Att±na½ adhikicca pavatto pavatt±ti v± vuttepi attassa ±dh±rabh±vo sijjhatiyeva. Eva½ adhicitta½, attani visu½ visu½ pavatta½ pavatt±ni v± paccatta½. Ettha ca “ajjhatta½ abhinivisitv± ajjhatta½ vuµµh±ti, bahiddh± abhinivisitv± ajjhatta½ vuµµh±t²”ti [dha. sa. aµµha. 350; sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.2.32] p±µho atthi, tasm± pañcamiy± a½bh±vavajjana½ appakatt±ti daµµhabba½. “Ajjhatt± dhamm±, bahiddh± dhamm±”ti [dha. sa. tikam±tik± 20] p±µho atthi, tasm± paµham±d²nampi vikappo labbhat²ti.
Sampatti-atthe–
Sampanna½ brahma½ sabrahma½, ‘brahman’ti vedo vuccati. Ettha ca ‘ak±le sakatthass±’ti suttena sahasaddassa s±deso, bhikkh±na½ samiddhi subhikkha½, ‘sy±d²su rasso’ti suttena katanapu½sakassa rassatta½.
Sam²pe–
Nagarassa sam²pa½ upanagara½, kumbhassa sam²pa½ upakumbha½, maºik±ya sam²pa½ upamaºika½, vadhuy± sam²pa½ upavadhu, gunna½ sam²pa½ upagu, ‘goss³’ti suttena ossa utta½.
S±kalye–
Tiºena saha sakala½ satiºa½, tiºena saddhi½ sakala½ vatthu½ ajjhoharat²ti attho. Sahasaddassa s±deso.
Abh±ve–
Makkhik±na½ abh±vo nimmakkhika½, darath±na½ abh±vo niddaratha½, bhikkh±na½ abh±vo dubbhikkha½, abh±vatthopi dusaddo atthi. Yath±? Duss²lo duppaññoti. Ettha ca ‘sampanna½ brahman’ti-±din± saddaby±karaºesu atthavacana½ saddatthavibh±vanamatta½. Suttantesu pana imesa½ pad±na½ yutta½ abhidheyyattha½ ñatv± tadanur³pa½ atthavacanampi veditabba½.
Yath±saddatthe–
R³passa sabh±vassa yogya½ anur³pa½, att±na½ att±na½ paµicca pavatta½ paccatta½, a¹¹ham±sa½ a¹¹ham±sa½ anugata½ anva¹¹ham±sa½, ghara½ ghara½ anugata½ anughara½, vassa½ vassa½ anugata½ anuvassa½, jeµµh±na½ anupubba½ anujeµµha½, sattiy± anur³pa½ yath±satti, balassa anur³pa½ yath±bala½, kamassa anur³pa½ yath±kkama½. Eva½ yath±saªkhya½, yath±l±bha½. Sotassa paµiloma½ paµisota½, paµiv±ta½, paµisadda½.
Pacch±padatthe–
Rathassa pacch± anuratha½.
Yugabh³to padattho yugapadattho, sahabh±v²-atthadvayasseta½ n±ma½. Tattha asaniphalena saha pavatta½ cakka½ sacakka½, gad±vudhena yuga¼apavatta½ v±sudevassa cakk±vudhantipi vadanti [yugapadatthe sacakka½ nidhehi, (moggall±navuttiya½). Cakkena yugapata dhehi sacakka½, (mugdhabodhavuttiya½). He bisaºu! Cakkena saha yugapadekak±le gada½ dh±raya. (Mugdhabodhaµ²k±ya½ 226 piµµhe)], sahassa satta½.
339. Yath± natulye [ka. 319; r³. 330; n². 696; ca½. 2.2.3; p±. 2.1.7].
Tulyato aññasmi½ atthe pavatto yath±saddo sy±din± saha ekattho hoti [moggall±ne aññath±vutti dassit±].
Yath±satti, yath±bala½, yath±kkama½, ye ye vu¹¹h± yath±vu¹¹ha½, vu¹¹h±na½ paµip±µi v± yath±vu¹¹ha½.
Natulyeti ki½? Yath± devadatto, tath± yaññadatto.
340. Y±v±vadh±raºe [ka. 319; r³. 330; n². 696; ca½. 2.2.4; p±. 2.1.8].
Avadh±raºa½ vuccati paricchindana½, avadh±raºe pavatto y±vasaddo sy±din± saha ekattho bhavati.
Yattaka½ attho vattat²ti y±vadattha½, d±gamo. Yattaka½ j²vo vattat²ti y±vaj²va½, yattaka½ ±yu vattat²ti y±vat±yuka½, tak±ra, kak±r± ±gam±.
341. Par±p±bahitiropurepacch± v± pañcamy± [ka. 319; r³. 330; n². 696; ca½. 2.2.7; p±. 2.1.12, 13; ‘payyap±…’ (bah³su)].
Pari, apa, ±-icc±dayo sadd± pañcamyantena sy±din± saha ekatth± bhavanti v±.
Pabbatato pari samant± vass²ti devo paripabbata½ paripabbat± v±, pabbata½ vajjetv± vass²ti attho. Pabbatato bahiddh± apapabbata½ apapabbat± v±, p±µaliputtato bahiddh± vass²ti devo ±p±µaliputta½ ±p±µaliputt± v±, ±kum±rehi kacc±yanassa yaso vattat²ti ±kum±ra½ ±kum±r± v±, ±bhavagg± bhagavato yaso vattat²ti ±bhavagga½ ±bhavagg± v±, ±p±ºakoµiy± saraºagamana½ vattat²ti ±p±ºakoµika½, k±gamo. G±mato bahi bahig±ma½ bahig±m± v±, eva½ bahinagara½, bahileºa½, pabbatato tiro tiropabbata½ tiropabbat± v±, eva½ tirop±k±ra½, tirokuµµa½. Ettha ca ‘tiro’ti parabh±go vuccati. Bhattamh± pure purebhatta½ purebhatt± v±, aruºamh± pure pur±ruºa½ pur±ruº± v±, bhattassa pacch± pacch±bhatta½ pacch±bhatt± v±.
342. Sam²p±y±mesvanu [ka. 319; r³. 330; n². 696; ca½. 2.2.9; p±. 2.1.15, 16].
Sam²pe ±y±me ca pavatto anusaddo sy±din± saha ekattho bhavati v±.
Vanassa sam²pa½ anuvana½, asani anuvana½ gat±, gaªga½ anuy±t± anugaªga½, b±r±ºas².
343. Oro pari paµi p±re majjhe heµµhuddh±dhonto v± chaµµhiy± [ka. 319; r³. 330; n². 696; ca½. 2.2.11; p±. 2.1.18; ‘orepari…’ (bah³su)].
Or±dayo sadd± chaµµh²yantena sy±din± saha ekatth± bhavanti v±.
Ettha ca ore, p±re, majjhesaddesu ‘tadamin±d²n²’ti suttena ek±ro, gaªg±ya ora½ oregaªga½, sikharassa upari uparisikhara½. Eva½ uparip±s±da½, uparimañca½, uparipabbata½, sotassa paµiloma½ paµisota½. Eva½ paµiv±ta½, yamun±ya p±ra½ p±reyamuna½, gaªg±ya majjha½ majjhegaªga½, p±s±dassa heµµh± heµµh±p±s±da½, heµµh±mañca½, gaªg±ya uddha½ uddha½gaªga½, gaªg±ya adho adhogaªga½, p±s±dassa anto antop±s±da½. Eva½ antog±ma½, antonagara½, antovassa½.
V±ti ki½? Gaªg±-ora½, majjhesamuddasmi½ icc±di.
344. Tiµµhagv±d²ni [ka. 319; r³. 330; n². 697; ca½. 2.2.10; p±. 2.1.17].
Tiµµhagu-icc±d²ni asaªkhyekatthe sijjhanti.
Tiµµhanti g±vo yasmi½ k±le tiµµhagu, vahanti g±voyasmi½ k±le vahagu, ‘goss³’ti suttena ossa utta½. ¾yati½ yavo yasmi½ k±leti ±yatiyavo, khale yavo yasmi½ k±leti khaleyava½. Pubbapade vibhatti-alopo. Lun± yav± yasmi½ k±leti lunayava½, ettha ‘lun±’ti l±vit±, luyam±n± yav± yasminti luyam±nayava½ icc±di.
Tath± p±to nah±na½ yasmi½ k±leti p±tanah±na½. Eva½ s±yanah±na½, p±to kammakaraºak±lo yasminti p±tak±la½. Eva½ s±yak±la½, p±to vassati megho yasminti p±tamegha½. Eva½ s±yamegha½, p±to gantabbo maggo yasminti p±tamagga½. Eva½ s±yamagga½ icc±di. Mah±vuttin± p±tosaddassa p±tatta½. Ettha ca ‘tiµµhagu’ icc±d²ni viggahatthavasena aññapadatthe siddh±ni viya dissanti, aññapadassa pana liªg±d²na½ vasena tesa½ r³pavik±ro n±ma natthi, tasm± abyayar³patt± idha gahit±ni, sabbañceta½ asaªkhyasam±sapada½ n±ma napu½saka½ eva hoti, rassantameva hoti. Sabbavibhatt²nañca ak±rantamh± bahula½ a½ hoti, ik±ruk±rantehi lopo hoti.

Abyay²bh±vasam±so niµµhito.