Pañcam²vibhattir±si

Kasmi½ atthe pañcam²?
312. Pañcamy±vadhismi½ [ka. 295; r³. 307; n². 607; ca½. 2.1.81; p±. 2.3.28; 1.4.24].
Avadhiyati vavatthiyati padattho etasm±ti avadhi, tasmi½ pañcam² hoti, avadh²ti ca ap±d±na½ vuccati.
Apanetv± ito añña½ ±dad±ti gaºh±t²ti ap±d±na½. Ta½ tividha½ niddiµµhavisaya½, upp±µavisaya½, anumeyyavisayanti.
Tattha yasmi½ ap±d±navisayabh³to kriy±viseso sar³pato niddiµµho hoti, ta½ niddiµµhavisaya½. Yath±? G±m± apenti munayo, nagar± niggato r±j±.
Yasmi½ pana so p±µhasesa½ katv± ajjh±haritabbo hoti, ta½ upp±µavisaya½. Yath±? Val±hak± vijjotate vijju, ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajitoti [mah±va. 30]. Ettha hi ‘nikkhamitv±’ti pada½ ajjh±haritabba½.
Yasmi½ pana so niddiµµho ca na hoti, ajjh±harituñca na sakk±, atha kho atthato anum±navasena so viññeyyo hoti, ta½ anumeyyavisaya½. Yath±? M±thur± p±µaliputtakehi abhir³patar±, s²lameva sut± seyyo [j±. 1.5.65], may± bhiyyo na vijjati, aggohamasmi lokassa, jeµµhohamasmi lokassa, seµµhohamasmi lokassa icc±di [ma. ni. 3.207]. Kriya½ vin± k±raka½ n±ma na sijjhat²tikatv± ukka½sanakriy± ettha anumetabb± hoti. Eva½ kriy±padarahitesu d³rayog±d²supi avin±bh±vikriy±num±na½ veditabba½.
Puna cal±’calavasena duvidha½.
Cala½ yath±? Puriso dh±vat± ass± patati, dve meº¹± yujjhitv± aññamaññato apasakkanti. Ettha ca yadi cala½ siy±, katha½ avadhi n±ma bhaveyya. Accutilakkhaºo hi avadh²ti? Vuccate-dve meº¹± sakasakakriy±ya calanti, itar²tarakriy±ya avadh² hont²ti natthi ettha avadhilakkhaºavirodhoti.
Acala½ yath±? G±m± apenti munayo, nagar± niggato r±j±.
Puna k±yasa½saggapubbaka½, cittasa½saggapubbakanti duvidha½ hoti, g±m± apenti munayo, cor± bhaya½ j±yate. Ettha ca “ki½va d³ro ito g±mo, ito s± dakkhiº± dis± [d². ni. 3.279]. Ito ekanavutikappe”ti [d². ni. 2.4] ±d²su vadantassa cittasa½saggapubbakampi veditabba½. “Na m±t± puttato bh±yati, na ca putto m±tito bh±yati, bhay± bh²to na bh±sas²”ti [j±. 2.21.138] p±¼i. Atthi te ito bhaya½ [ma. ni. 2.350], natthi te ito bhaya½, yato khema½ tato bhaya½ [j±. 1.9.58], cor± bh±yati, cor± bh²to. Chaµµh² ca, corassa bh±yati, corassa bh²to. Dutiy± ca, “katha½ paraloka½ na bh±yeyya, eva½ paraloka½ na bh±yeyya, bh±yasi ma½ samaºa [su. ni. s³cilomasutta], n±ha½ ta½ bh±y±mi [su. ni. s³cilomasutta], bh±yitabba½ na bh±yati, n±ha½ bh±y±mi bhogina½ [j±. 2.22.835], na ma½ mig± uttasant²”ti [j±. 2.22.307] p±¼ipad±ni dissanti. Tattha “bhoginan’ti n±ga½, cor± tasati uttasati corassa v±, sabbe tasanti daº¹assa [dha. pa. 129], p±pato ottappati jigucchati har±yati p±pena v±.
Yato kiñci sippa½ v± vijja½ v± dhamma½ v± gaºh±ti, tasmi½ akkh±tari pañcam², upajjh±y± adh²te, upajjh±y± sippa½ gaºh±ti, dv±s²ti buddhato gaºhi½, dve sahass±ni bhikkhuto. Catur±s²tisahass±ni, yeme dhamm± pavattino [therag±. 1027].
Yato suº±ti, tasmi½ pañcam², chaµµh² ca, ito sutv±, imassa sutv± v±, yamh± dhamma½ vij±neyya, samm±sambuddhadesita½ [dha. pa. 392].
Yato labhati, tasmi½ pañcam², saªghato labhati, gaºato labhati.
Yato par±jayati, yato pabhavati, yato j±yati, tasmi½ pañcam², buddhasm± par±jayanti aññatitthiy±, p±¼iya½ pana par±jiyoge ap±d±na½ p±µhasesavasena labbhati, tasmi½ kho pana saªg±me dev± jini½su, asur± par±jini½su. Ettha devehi par±jini½s³ti p±µhaseso. “Maya½ jit±mh± ambak±ya. Himavant± pabhavanti pañca mah±nadiyo [a. ni. aµµha. 3.8.19], aya½ bh±g²rath² gaªg±, himavant± pabh±vit±”ti p±¼i [apa. thera 1.1.255], cor± bhaya½ j±yate, k±mato j±yate bhaya½ [dha. pa. 215], j±ta½ saraºato bhaya½ [j±. 1.1.36; 1.2.13; 1.9.56, 57, 59], ya½kiñci bhaya½ v± vera½ v± upaddavo v± upasaggo v± j±yati, sabba½ ta½ b±lato j±yati, no paº¹itato, k±mato j±yat² soko [dha. pa. 214], ubhato suj±to putto [d². ni. 1.311], urasm± j±to, ure j±to v±, c²vara½ uppajjeyya saªghato v± gaºato v± ñ±timittato v± [p±r±. 500 (thoka½ visadisa½)].
Aññatth±na½ yoge pañcam², tato añña½, tato para½ [mah±va. 346], tato aparena samayena [p±r±. 195].
Upasagg±na½ yoge pana–
313. Apapar²hi vajjane [ka. 272; r³. 309; n². 558, 568; ca½. 2.1.82; p±. 1.4.88; 2.3.10].
Vajjane pavattehi apa, par²hi yoge pañcam² hoti.
Apapabbat± vassati devo, paripabbat± vassati devo, apas±l±ya ±yanti v±ºij±, paris±l±ya ±yanti v±ºij±, pabbata½ s±la½ vajjetv±ti attho. Kacc±yane pana “uparipabbat± devo vassat²”ti p±µho [por±ºap±µho], paripabbat±ti yutto. Upariyoge pana sattam²yeva dissati– “tasmi½ uparipabbate [ma. ni. 3.216; j±. 1.8.16], uparip±s±de [d². ni. 2.408], upariveh±se, upariveh±sakuµiy±”ti, [p±ci. 130] tattha pabbatassa upari uparipabbatanti attho.
314. Paµinidhipaµid±nesu patin± [ka. 272; r³. 309; n². 558, 568; ca½. 2.1.83; p±. 2.3.11; 1.4.9.2].
Paµinidhi n±ma paµibimbaµµhapana½, paµid±na½ n±ma paµibhaº¹ad±na½ tesu pavattena patin± yoge pañcam² hoti.
Buddhasm± pati s±riputto dhamma½ deseti, telasm± pati ghata½ deti.
315. Rite dutiy± ca [ka. 272; r³. 309; n². 558, 568; ca½. 2.1.84; p±. 2.3.29].
Ritesaddena yoge pañcam² hoti dutiy± ca.
Rite saddhamm±, rite saddhamma½.
316. Vin±ññatrehi tatiy± ca [ka. 272; r³. 309; n². 558, 568; ca½. 2.1.85; p±. 2.3.32; ‘vin±ññatra tatiy±ca’ (bah³su)].
Vajjane pavattehi vin±, aññatrasaddehi yoge pañcam², dutiy±, tatiy± ca honti.
Vin± saddhamm±, vin± saddhamma½, vin± saddhammena, aññatra saddhamm±, aññatra saddhamma½, aññatra saddhammena.
317. Puthun±n±hi ca [ka. 272; r³. 309; n². 558, 568; ca½. 2.1.86; p±. 2.3.32; ‘puthan±n±hi ca’ (bah³su)].
Vajjane pavattehi puthu, n±n±saddehi ca yoge pañcam², tatiy± ca honti.
Puthageva janasm±, puthageva janena, n±n± saddhamm±, n±n± saddhammena, piyehi man±pehi n±n±bh±vo vin±bh±vo [d². ni. 2.183; c³¼ava. 437]. “Te bhikkh³ n±n±kul± pabbajit±”ti ettha pana n±n±ppak±rattho n±n±saddo, na vajjanattho, ettha ca vajjanattho n±ma viyogattho asammissattho.
Mariy±d±’bhividh²su pavattehi ±sadda, y±vasaddehi yogepi pañcam², dutiy± ca.
Tattha yassa avadhino sambandhin² kriy±, ta½ bahikatv± pavattati, so mariy±do. Yath±? ¾pabbat± khetta½ tiµµhati ±pabbata½ v±, y±vapabbat± khetta½ tiµµhati y±vapabbata½ v±.
Yassa sambandhin² kriy±, ta½ antokatv± by±petv± pavattati, so abhividhi. Yath±? ¾bhavagg± bhagavato kittisaddo abbhuggato ±bhavagga½ v±, bhavato ±bhavagga½ dhammato ±gotrabhu½ savant²ti ±sav±, y±vabhavagg± y±vabhavagga½ v±, t±vadeva y±vabrahmalok± saddo abbhuggato.
¾rabbhe, sahatthe ca pañcam², yatoha½ bhagini ariy±ya j±tiy± j±to [ma. ni. 2.351], yato paµµh±y±ti attho. Yato sar±mi att±na½, yato pattosmi viññuta½ [j±. 2.22.307]. Yato paµµh±ya, yato pabhuti.
Sahatthe–
Saha sabbaññutaññ±ºappaµil±bh±, saha parinibb±n± [d². ni. 2.220], saha dassanupp±d±.
“Upp±d± v± tath±gat±na½ anupp±d± v± tath±gat±nan”ti [sa½. ni. 2.20], ettha bh±valakkhaºe pañcam².
“Sahatth± d±na½ deti, sahatth± paµiggaºh±t²”ti ettha karaºe.
“Ajjatagge p±ºupeta½ [d². ni. 1.250], tadagge kho v±seµµha”icc±d²su [d². ni. 3.130], ±rabbhe sattam².
“Yatv±dhikaraºa½ [d². ni. 1.213], yatonid±na½ [su. ni. 275], tatonid±na½” icc±d²su [ma. ni. 1.238] v±kye icchite sati hetvatthe pañcam², sam±se icchite sati atthamatte pañcam².
Dvinna½ k±rak±na½ kriy±nañca majjhe pavattak±laddh±nav±c²hi pañcam², luddako pakkhasm± miga½ vijjhati, kos± kuñjara½ vijjhati. Ettha ca luddako saki½ miga½ vijjhitv± pakkhabbhantaramhi na vijjhi, pakkhe paripuººe puna vijjhati, pakkhasaddo dvinna½ vijjhanav±r±na½ majjhe k±lav±c² hoti, dvepi vijjhanakriy± k±rakehi saheva sijjhant²ti k±rak±nañca majjheti vuccati. Vuttiya½ pana “ajja bhutv± devadatto dvihe bhuñjissati, dvih± bhuñjissati, atraµµho’yamiss±so kose lakkha½ vijjhati, kos± lakkha½ vijjhat²”ti [moga. 79] eva½ sattam²vasena paripuººav±kyampi vutta½. P±¼iya½ “an±patti chabbass± karoti [p±r±. 564], atirekachabbass± karot²”ti [p±r±. 564], “chabbass±n²”tipi p±µho.
Rakkhanatth±na½ yoge–
Yañca vatthu½ gutta½ icchiyate, yato ca gutta½ icchiyate, tattha pañcam², yavehi g±vo rakkhati v±reti, taº¹ul± k±ke rakkhati v±reti, ta½ ma½ puññ± niv±resi, p±p± citta½ niv±raye [dha. pa. 116], na na½ j±ti niv±reti, duggaty± garah±ya v± [su. ni. 141 (na ne)]. R±jato v± corato v± ±rakkha½ gaºhantu.
Antaradh±natthayoge–
Yassa adassana½ icchiyati, tasmi½ pañcam², upajjh±y± antaradh±yati sisso, nil²yat²ti attho. P±¼iya½ pana yassa adassana½ icchiyati, tasmi½ chaµµh² eva- “antaradh±yiss±mi samaºassa gotamassa, antaradh±yiss±mi samaºassa gotamass±”ti. “Na sakkhi me antaradh±yitun”ti p±¼i, ‘antaradh±yiss±m²’ti antarite acakkhuvisaye µh±ne att±na½ µhapess±m²tyattho, nil²yiss±m²ti vutta½ hoti.
Yasmi½ µh±ne antaradh±yati, tasmi½ sattam² eva dissati, atikhippa½ loke cakkhu antaradh±yissati [d². ni. 2.224 (visadisa½)], jetavane antaradh±yitv±, brahmaloke antaradh±yitv±, maddakucchismi½ antaradh±yitv±, tatthevantaradh±y² [sa½. ni. 1.1] icc±di. “Bhagavato purato antaradh±yitv±”ti etthapi tosaddo sattamyatthe eva. “Sakko nimissa rañño sammukhe antarahito”ti p±¼i. ‘Dhajatavane antaradh±yitv±’ti jetavane aññesa½ adassana½ katv±, aññesa½ acakkhuvisaya½ katv±ti attho. “Andhak±ro antaradh±yati, ±loko antaradh±yati, saddhammo antaradh±yati, s±sana½ antaradh±yati” icc±d²su pana chaµµh², sattamiyo yath±sambhava½ veditabb±.
D³ratthayoge–
Ki½va d³ro ito g±mo, kacci ±r± pam±damh± [su. ni. 156], atho ±r± pam±damh± [su. ni. 157], g±mato avid³re, ±rak± te moghapuris± imasm± dhammavinay±, ±rak± tehi bhagav±, kilesehi ±rak±ti araha½, ±r± so ±savakkhay± [dha. pa. 253]. Dutiy± ca tatiy± ca chaµµh² ca, ±rak± ima½ dhammavinaya½ imin± dhammavinayena v±, ±rak± mandabuddh²na½ [visuddhi µ². 1.130].
D³ratthe–
D³ratova namassanti, addas± kho bhagavanta½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½ [d². ni. 1.409], kinnu tiµµhatha ±rak±, tasm± tiµµh±ma ±rak±. Dutiy± ca tatiy± ca, d³ra½ g±ma½ ±gato, d³rena g±mena ±gato d³r± g±m± ±gato iccevattho, d³ra½ g±mena v±.
Antikatthayoge–
Antika½ g±m±, ±sanna½ g±m±, sam²pa½ g±m±. Dutiy± ca tatiy± ca chaµµh² ca, antika½ g±ma½, antika½ g±mena, antika½ g±massa.
K±laddh±na½ parim±ºavacane–
Ito mathur±ya cat³su yojanesu saªkassa½, r±jagahato pañcacatt±l²sayojane s±vatthi, ito ekanavutikappe [d². ni. 2.4], ito ekati½se kappe [d². ni. 2.4], ito sattame divase, ito tiººa½ m±s±na½ accayena parinibb±yiss±mi [d². ni. 2.168; ud±. 51] icc±di.
Pam±ºatthe–
¾y±mato ca vitth±rato ca yojana½, parikkhepato navayojanasataparim±ºo majjhimadeso parikkhepena v±, d²ghaso navavidatthiyo [p±ci. 548], yojana½ ±y±mena yojana½ vitth±rena yojana½ ubbedhena s±sapar±si [sa½. ni. 2.129] icc±di.
Tv±lopepi pañcam². Ettha ca tv±lopo n±ma paripuººav±kye laddhabbassa tv±ntapadassa aparipuººav±kye natthi bh±vo, yañca pada½ tv±ntapade sati kamma½ v± hoti adhikaraºa½ v±. Ta½ tv±ntapade asati padantare avadhi hoti, tasmi½ pañcam², p±s±d± v± p±s±da½ saªkameyya [sa½. ni. 1.132], hatthikkhandh± v± hatthikkhandha½ saªkameyya [sa½. ni. 1.132] icc±di. Ettha ca paµhama½ eka½ p±s±da½ abhir³hitv± puna añña½ p±s±da½ saªkameyy±ti v± paµhama½ ekasmi½ p±s±de nis²ditv± puna añña½ p±s±da½ saªkameyy±ti v± eva½ paripuººav±kya½ veditabba½. “Andhak±r± v± andhak±ra½ gaccheyya, tam± v± tama½ gaccheyy±”ti [sa½. ni. 1.132] p±¼i. Tath± raµµh± raµµha½ vicarati, g±m± g±ma½ vicarati, van± vana½ vicarati, vih±rato vih±ra½ gacchati, pariveºato pariveºa½ gacchati, bhavato bhava½ gacchati, kulato kula½ gacchati icc±di. Tath± vinay± vinaya½ pucchati, abhidhamm± abhidhamma½ pucchati, vinay± vinaya½ katheti, abhidhamm± abhidhamma½ katheti. Etthapi paµhama½ eka½ vinayavacana½ pucchitv± v± ekasmi½ vinayavacane µhatv± v± puna añña½ vinayavacana½ pucchat²ti paripuººav±kya½ veditabba½. Vuttiya½ pana “p±s±da½ ±ruyha pekkhati, p±s±d± pekkhati, ±sane pavisitv± pekkhati, ±san± pekkhat²”ti vutta½.
Disatthayoge disatthe ca pañcam², ito s± purim± dis± [d². ni. 3.278], ito s± dakkhiº± dis± [d². ni. 3.278], av²cito upari, uddha½ p±datal±, adho kesamatthak± [d². ni. 2.377; ma. ni. 1.110].
Disatthe–
Purimato g±massa, dakkhiºato g±massa, uparito pabbatassa, heµµhato p±s±dassa, puratthimato, dakkhiºato, yato khema½, tato bhaya½ [j±. 1.9.58], yato yato sammasati, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½ [dha. pa. 374] icc±di.
Pubb±diyogepi pañcam², pubbeva me sambodh± [a. ni. 3.104], ito pubbe, tato pubbe, ito par± paccantim± janapad± [mah±va. 259], tato pure, tato pacch±, tato uttari [p±r±. 499] icc±di.
Vibhattatthe ca pañcam² chaµµh² ca. Vibhatti n±ma pageva visu½bh³tassa atthassa kenaci adhikena v± h²nena v± bh±gena tadaññato puthakkaraºa½, m±thur± p±µaliputtakehi abhir³patar±, yato paº²tataro v± visiµµhataro v± natthi, attadanto tato vara½ [dha. pa. 322], channavut²na½ p±saº¹±na½ pavara½ yadida½ sugatavinayo sadevakassa lokassa, satth± loke anuttaro, aggohamasmi lokassa [ma. ni. 3.207], jeµµhohamasmi lokassa [ma. ni. 3.207], seµµhohamasmi lokassa [ma. ni. 3.207], paññavant± n±ma s±riputtato h²n± s±riputtassa v±, tato adhika½ v± ³na½ v± na vaµµati icc±di.
Viramaºatthayoge–
¾rat² virat² p±p± [khu. p±. 5.8], p±º±tip±t± veramaºi [khu. p±. 2.1] icc±di.
Suddhatthayoge–
Lobhan²yehi dhammehi suddho icc±di.
Mocanatthayoge pañcam² tatiy± ca, so parimuccati j±tiy± jar±ya maraºena sokehi paridevehi dukkhehi domanassehi up±y±sehi, parimutto so dukkhasm±ti vad±mi [sa½. ni. 3.29], mokkhanti m±rabandhan± [dha. pa. 37], na te muccanti maccun± icc±di, sabbattha avadhi-attho veditabbo.
Hetvatthe–
Kasm± hetun±, kena hetun±, kasm± nu tumha½ kule dahar± na miyyare [j±. 1.10.92 (m²yare)], tasm±tiha bhikkhave [sa½. ni. 2.157]. Dutiy± tatiy± chaµµh² ca, ki½k±raºa½ [j±. aµµha. 6.22.umaªgaj±takavaººan±], yatv±dhikaraºa½ [d². ni. 1.213], yatonid±na½ [su. ni. 275], tatonid±na½ [ma. ni. 1.238], kena k±raºena [j±. aµµha. 4.20.m±taªgaj±takavaººan±], ta½ kissahetu [ma. ni. 1.2], kissa tumhe kilamatha icc±di.
Vivecanatthayoge–
Vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi [d². ni. 1.226], vivitto p±pak± dhamm±.
Bandhanatthayoge
318. Pañcam²ºe v± [ka. 296; r³. 314; n². 608; ca½. 2.1.69; p±. 2.3.24].
Iºabh³te hetumhi pañcam² hoti v±.
Satasm± bandho naro satena v±.
319. Guºe [ca½. 2.1.70; p±. 2.3.25].
Ajjhattabh³to hetu guºo n±ma, aguºopi idha guºotveva vuccati, tasmi½ pañcam² hoti v±.
Ja¼att± bandho naro ja¼attena v±, attano b±latt±yeva bandhoti attho, paññ±ya bandhan± mutto, v±c±ya marati, v±c±ya muccati, v±c±ya piyo hoti, v±c±ya desso, issariy± jana½ rakkhati r±j± issariyena v±, s²lato na½ pasa½santi [a. ni. 4.6] s²lena v±, hutv± abh±vato anicc±, udayabbayap²¼anato dukkh±, avijj±nirodh± saªkh±ranirodho [ud±. 2], saªkh±ranirodh± viññ±ºanirodho [ud±. 2], catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ anaññ± appaµivedh± d²ghamaddh±na½ sa½saranti [d². ni. 2.186 (visadisa½)] icc±di.
Pañh±, kathanesupi pañcam², kuto bhava½, aha½ p±µaliputtato icc±di.
Thokatthepi asatvavacane pañcam², satva½ vuccati dabba½, thok± muccati thokena v±, muccanamatta½ hot²ti vutta½ hoti “nadi½ taranto mana½ vu¼ho”ti [mah±va. 148] ettha viya. Appamattak± muccati appamattakena v±, kicch± muccati kicchena v±, kicch± laddho piyo putto [j±. 2.22.353], kicch± mutt±’mha dukkhasm±, y±ma d±ni mahosadha [j±. 2.22.700]. Asatvavacaneti ki½? Paccati munino bhatta½, thoka½ thoka½ ghare ghareti [therag±. 248 (kule kule)].
“Anupubbena medh±v², thoka½ thoka½ khaºe khaºe [dha. pa. 239]” icc±d²su kriy±visesane dutiy±.
Akattaripi pañcam², tassa kammassa katatt± upacitatt± ussannatt± vipulatt± tath±gato suppatiµµhitap±do hoti [d². ni. 3.201]. Ettha ca ‘akattar²’ti ak±rake ñ±pakahetumh²ti vadanti. ѱse pana “akattar²ti hetvatthe saªgaºh±ti. Yattha hi kattubuddhi sañj±yate, sova katt± na hot²ti vattu½ sakk±”ti vutta½. Etena kattusadiso janakahetu akatt± n±m±ti d²peti, kammassa katatt±-icc±di ca janakahetu ev±ti.
Bhiyyatthayoge–
Yodha s²tañca uºhañca, tiº± bhiyyo na maññati [d². ni. 3.253], sukh± bhiyyo somanassa½ [d². ni. 2.287], khanty± bhiyyo na vijjati [sa½. ni. 1.250], may± bhiyyo na vijjati, sotuk±m±ttha tumhe bhikkhave bhiyyosomatt±ya pubbeniv±sakatha½, attamano tva½ hohi para½ viya matt±ya, ahampi attamano homi para½ viya matt±ya.

Pañcam²vibhattir±si niµµhito.