3. K±rakakaº¹a

Paµham±vibhattir±si

Atha n±mavibhatt²na½ atthabhed± vuccante.
Kasmi½ atthe paµham±?
289. Paµhamatthamatte [ca½. 2.1.93; p±. 2.3.46].
N±massa abhidheyyamatte paµham±vibhatti hoti.
Rukkho, m±l±, dhana½.
Ettha ca mattasaddena kattu, kamm±dike vibhatyatthe nivatteti. Tasm± atthamattanti liªgatthoyeva vuccati.
Tattha anucc±rite sati suºantassa avidito attho l²nattho n±ma. Ta½ l²namattha½ gameti bodhet²ti liªga½, ucc±ritapada½.
Ta½ pana pakatiliªga½, nipphannaliªganti duvidha½. Tattha vibhattirahita½ pakatiliªga½ idh±dhippeta½ liªga, vibhatt²na½ visu½ visu½ vibh±gaµµh±natt±.
L²na½ aªganti liªga½. Tattha ‘l²nan’ti ap±kaµa½. ‘Aªgan’ti avayavo. Liªga½, n±ma½, p±µipadikanti atthato eka½.
Liªgassa attho paramattho, paññatti-atthoti duvidho. Tath± visesanattho, visesyatthoti.
Tattha visesanattho n±ma sakattho, tassa tassa saddassa paµiniyato p±µipuggalikatthoti vutta½ hoti. Soyeva tasmi½ tasmi½ atthe ±dimhi sadduppattiy± cirak±lañca saddapavattiy± nibaddhak±raºatt± nimittatthoti ca vuccati So suti, j±ti, guºa, dabba, kriy±, n±ma, sambandhavasena sattavidho hoti.
Visesyattho n±ma s±maññattho, bahunimitt±na½ s±dh±raºatthoti vutta½ hoti, soyeva ta½ta½nimittayog± nemittakatthoti ca vuccati, so j±ti, guºa, dabba, kriy±, n±mavasena pañcavidho. Go, sukko, daº¹², p±cako, tissoti.
Tattha gosaddo yad± j±timatta½ vadati go j±t²ti, tad± suti visesana½. Yad± dabba½ vadati go gacchat²ti, tad± suti ca j±ti ca visesana½.
Sukkasaddo yad± guºamatta½ vadati sukko guºoti, tad± suti visesana½. Yad± guºavisesa½ vadati gossa sukkoti, tad± suti ca guºaj±ti ca visesana½. Yad± guºavanta½ dabba½ vadati sukko goti, tad± suti ca guºaj±ti ca guºaviseso ca sambandho ca visesana½.
Daº¹²saddo yad± j±timatta½ vadati daº¹² j±t²ti, tad± suti ca dabbañca visesana½. Yad± dabbavanta½ dabba½ vadati daº¹² purisoti, tad± suti ca dabbañca j±ti ca sambandho ca visesana½.
P±cakasaddo yad± j±timatta½ vadati p±cako j±t²ti, tad± suti ca kriy± ca visesana½. Yad± kriy±nipph±daka½ dabba½ vadati p±cako purisoti, tad± suti ca kriy± ca j±ti ca kriy±k±rakasambandho ca visesana½.
Tissasaddo yad± n±mamatta½ vadati tisso n±manti, tad± suti visesana½. Yad± n±mavanta½ dabba½ vadati, tisso bhikkh³ti, tad± suti ca n±maj±ti ca sambandho ca visesana½.
Sabbattha ya½ ya½ vadat²ti vutta½, ta½ ta½ visesyanti ca dabbanti ca veditabba½. Ettha ca suti n±ma saddasabh±v± eva hoti, saddapakkhik± eva. Sabbo saddo paµhama½ satt±bhidh±yakoti ca ñ±se vutta½. Tasm± sabbattha sutiµµh±ne satt± eva yutt± vattunti. Satt±ti ca tassa tassa atthassa voh±ramattenapi loke vijjam±nat± vuccati, ta½ ta½ sadda½ suºantassa ca ñ±ºa½ ta½tadatthassa atthit±matta½ sabbapaµhama½ j±n±ti, tato para½ j±tisadde j±ti½ j±n±ti. Guºasadde guºanti evam±di sabba½ vattabba½. Liªga, saªkhy±, parim±º±nipi visesanatthe saªgayhanti.
Tattha liªga½ n±ma ye itthi, puris±na½ liªga, nimitta, kutt±’kapp± n±ma abhidhamme vutt±, ye ca napu½sak±na½ liªga, nimitta, kutt±’kapp± n±ma avuttasiddh±, ye ca saddesu ceva atthesu ca visad±’visad±k±ra, majjhim±k±r± sandissanti, sabbameta½ liªga½ n±ma.
Eva½ visesana, visesyavasena duvidho attho pubbe vuttassa saddaliªgassa attho n±ma, so saliªgo, sasaªkhyo, saparim±ºo c±ti tividho hoti.
Tattha saliªgo yath±? Saññ±, phasso, citta½. Kaññ±, puriso, kula½. M±l±, rukkho, dhananti.
Sasaªkhyo yath±? Eko, dve, tayo, bah³ icc±di.
Saparim±ºo yath±? Vidatthi, hattho, doºo, ±¼haka½ icc±di.
Api ca suddho, sa½saµµhoti duvidho liªgattho. Tattha kamm±disa½saggarahito suddho n±ma. So saliªgo, sasaªkhyo, saparim±ºo, upasaggattho, nip±tattho, p±µi-padikatthoti chabbidho. Atthi, sakk±, labbh±-icc±di idha p±µipadika½ n±ma. Tuna, tv±na, tv±, tave, tu½, khattu½paccayant±pi nip±tesu gayhanti.
Sa½saµµho vuttasa½saµµho, avuttasa½saµµhoti duvidho. Tattha vuttasa½saµµho catubbidho sam±sena vuttasa½saµµho, taddhitena, ±khy±tena, kiten±ti. Tattha sam±sena vutto chak±rakasambandhavasena sattavidho, bh±vena saddhi½ aµµhavidho v±, tath± taddhitena vutto. ¾khy±tena vutto kattu, kamma, bh±vavasena tividho. Kitena vutto chak±raka, bh±vavasena sattavidho. Sabbo suddho ceva vuttasa½saµµho ca paµham±ya visayo.
Avuttasa½saµµhopi kattusa½saµµho, kammasa½saµµhoti-±din± anekavidho. So dutiy±d²na½ eva visayoti. Ettha ca vibhattiy± vin± kevalo saddo payoga½ n±rahat²ti katv± payog±rahatthameva chabbidhe suddhe catubbidhe ca vuttasa½saµµhe paµham± payujjati, na atthajotanattha½.
Kenaci v±cakena avutt±ni pana kamm±d²ni vibhatt²hi vin± vidit±ni na hont²tikatv± atthajotanatthampi kamm±d²su dutiy±dayo payujjanti. Tasm± atthamatteti idha desantar±vacchedake visayamatte bhumma½. Kamme dutiy±-icc±d²su pana nipph±detabbe payojane bhummanti eva½ dvinna½ bhumm±na½ n±natta½ veditabbanti.
290. ¾mantane [ka. 285; r³. 70; n². 578; ca½. 2.1.94; p±. 2.3.47; ±mantaºe (bah³su)].
Pageva siddhassa vatthuno n±mena v± nip±tena v± attano abhimukh²karaºa½ ±mantana½ n±ma. Adhik±mantane atthamatte paµham± hoti. Ettha ca ±mantanapada½ n±ma kriy±pekkha½ na hoti, tasm± k±rakasañña½ na labhati.
Ta½ pana duvidha½ s±dar±n’±daravasena. Ehi samma, ehi jeti.
Tath± saj²va, nijj²vavasena, bho purisa, vadehi bho saªkha, vadehi bho saªkha [d². ni. 2.426]. Ummujja bho puthusile, ummujja bho puthusileti [sa½. ni. 4.358].
Tath± paccakkh±’paccakkhavasena, bho purisa, kaha½ ekaputtaka, kaha½ ekaputtak±ti [sa½. ni. 2.63; dha. pa. aµµha. 1.2].
Tath± niyam±n’iyamavasena, bho purisa, acchariya½ vata bho abbhuta½ vata bho [d². ni. 2.192]. Yatra hi n±ma saññ² sam±noti-±di [d². ni. 2.192]. Ida½ ±mantana½ n±ma pageva siddhe eva hoti, na vidh±tabbe, na hi pageva r±jabh±va½ v± bhikkhubh±va½ v± appatta½ jana½ “bho r±j±”ti v± “bho bhikkh³”ti v± ±mantent²ti.

Paµham±vibhattir±si niµµhito.