7. Kitakaº¹a

Dh±tvantavik±rar±si

Visa½yogar³par±si

Atha dh±tupaccayasa½siddha½ k±la, k±raka, liªga, saªkhy±, kriy±bhedad²paka½ dabbappadh±nav±caka½ kitakapada½ d²piyate.
Tattha at²t±dayo k±labhedo n±ma.
Katt± ca kammañca karaºañca sampad±nañca ap±d±nañca adhikaraºañca bh±vo c±ti satta s±dhan±ni k±rakabhedo n±ma.
Itthiliªg±d²ni liªgabhedo n±ma.
Ekatta, bahuttabhedo saªkhy±bhedo n±ma.
Tass²lakriy±, taddhammakriy±, tass±dhuk±rakriy±, attam±nakriy±, abhikkhaññakriy±, arahakriy±, sakkakriy±, pesanakriy±, atisaggakriy±, pattak±l±rocanakriy±, avassambh±v²kriy±dayo kriy±bhedo n±ma.
“Gamana½ bhavati, pacana½ j±n±ti” icc±d²su paccayatthabh³to bh±vo n±ma s±dhanar³po hoti. J±ti viya saªkhatadhammassa dh±tvatthabh³t±ya s±dhyakriy±ya s±dhakatt± liªgattayayutto ca hoti, kriy±, k±ro, karaºanti siddhatt± saªkhy±bhedayutto ca hoti-n±n±dh±tvatth±nañca kattu, kamm±nañca k±l±d²nañca bhedena sar³pabhedasabbhavato, tasm± sopi dabbe eva saªgayhat²ti katv± ‘dabbappadh±nav±cakan’ti vutta½. Sesa½ sabba½ ty±dikaº¹e bh±vas±dhanavinicchaye vuttameva.
‘Bahulan’ti ca ‘kriyatth±’ti ca vattante–
715. Kattari bh³te kta ktavantu kt±v² [ka. 555; r³. 612; n². 1142; ca½. 1.2.66 …pe… 3.2.102].
Abhav²ti bh³to, at²to, bh³te vattabbe kriyatth± kattari k±nubandh± ta, tavantu, t±v²paccay± honti, k±nubandh± ‘na te k±nubandhan±games³’ti sutte visesanatth±.
716. Kto bh±vakammesu [ka. 556; r³. 622; n². 1143; ca½. 1.2.67 …pe… 3.2.102; 3.4.70].
Bh³te vattabbe kriyatth± bh±va, kammesu k±nubandho tapaccayo hoti.
Abhav²ti bh³to-puriso, bh³t±-itth², bh³ta½-kula½, k±rite dh±tuto º±nubandh±na½ paµhama½ sampattatt± ‘na te k±nubandhan±games³’ti paµisedho na p±puº±ti, ‘yuvaºº±name-o paccaye’ti ovuddhi, ‘±v±y± º±nubandhe’ti ossa ±vatta½, tato tapaccayo.
717. Ѳ byañjanassa [ka. 605; r³. 547; n². 1210].
Byañjan±dipaccayassa ±dimhi ñ±nubandho ²k±ro ±gacchati.
Kattari-abh±vayitth±ti bh±vito-puriso, bh±vit±-itth², bh±vita½-kula½.
Kamme-anubh³yitth±ti anubh³to-bhogo, anubh³t±sampatti, anubh³ta½-sukha½.
K±rite-bh±v²yitth±ti bh±vito-maggo, bh±vit±paµipad±, bh±vita½-citta½.
Tavantu t±v²su-abhav²ti bh³tav±-puriso, bh³tavant², bh³tavat²-itth², bh³tava½-kula½, guºavantusama½. Bh³t±v²-puriso. Bh³t±vin²-itth², bh³t±vi-citta½, daº¹², daº¹in²sama½. Puriso bhoga½ anubh³to, purisena bhogo anubh³to.
Ettha ca kitapaccay±na½ attho duvidho v±ccattho, abhidheyyattho c±ti sabba½ ty±dikaº¹e vuttanayena veditabba½.
Purimesu pana chasu s±dhanesu paccay±na½ abhidheyyattho padantarena ±cikkh²yati, bh±vas±dhane pana attano dh±tun± eva.
Tattha ca kattusatti, kammasatti, karaºasatti, sampad±nasatti, ap±d±nasatti, adhikaraºasattisaªkh±ta½ v±ccattha½ uju½ vadant± kitapaccay± attano abhidheyyapadena sam±naliªga, vibhatti, saªkhy±yutt± hutv± vadanti.
Ta½ yath±?–
Kattari t±va-puriso bhoga½ anubh³to, puris± bhoga½ anubh³t±…pe… purisesu bhoga½ anubh³tesu, itth² bhoga½ anubh³t±, itthiyo bhoga½ anubh³t±yo…pe… itth²su bhoga½ anubh³t±su, kula½ bhoga½ anubh³ta½, kul±ni bhoga½ anabh³t±ni…pe… kulesu bhoga½ anubh³tesu.
Kamme-bhogo purisena anubh³to, bhog± purisena anubh³t±…pe… bhogesu purisena anubh³tesu, sampatti purisena anubh³t±, sampattiyo purisena anubh³t±yo…pe… sampatt²su purisena anubh³t±su, sukha½ purisena anubh³ta½, sukh±ni purisena anubh³t±ni…pe… sukhesu purisena anubh³tesu. Esa nayo karaº±d²supi.
Eva½ kitav±cak± attano abhidheyyapadena sam±naliªga, vibhatti, saªkhy±yutt± hutv± ta½ ta½ s±dhana½ vadanti.
‘Itthiyamaºatikayaky± c±’ti itthiya½ tipaccayo, anubhavana½, anubh³yate v± anubh³ti. “Tissassa anubh³ti, phussassa anubh³ti” icc±dik± bah³ anubh³tiyopi sijjhanti, tasm± “anubh³ti, anubh³tiyo, anubh³ti½, anubh³tiyo…pe… anubh³t²s³”ti yujjati.
503 718. Kattari ltuºak± [ka. 527, 530; r³. 568, 590; n². 1109, 1114; ca½. 1.1.139; p±. 3.1.133, 134].
Kattuk±rake kriyatth± ltu, ºak± honti, l±nubandho tussa kattari nibandhanattho, ‘ltupit±d²nam±’ti visesanattho ca.
Anubhavat²ti anubh³t±, anubh³t±ro, satthusama½.
S±maññavidh±natt± arahatthe satti-atthe tass²la, taddhamma, tass±dhuk±ra, attam±nesu ca k±lattaye ca bhavanti.
Arahatthe-brahmaºo brahmaºiy± pariggahit±.
Satti-atthe-bhagav± anuppannassa maggassa upp±det±.
Tass²l±d²su-pasayhapavatt±.
Attam±ne-att±na½ paº¹ita½ maññat²ti paº¹itam±nit±.
719. Pubbekakattuk±na½ [ka. 564; r³. 640; n²ti. 1150-6; ca½. 1.3.131; p±. 3.4.21].
Y±sa½ visesana, visesy±na½ dvinna½ pubb±’parakriy±na½ katt± ekova hoti. T±su pubbakriy±ya½ bh±vatthe tuna, tv±na, tv±paccay± honti. ‘E-onamayav± sare’ti ²k±re pare ovuddhiy± avatta½.
Bhoga½ anubhavituna, anubhutv±na, anubhutv±.
Ekakattuk±nanti ki½? Devadatto bhuñji, yaññadatto gacchati.
Pubbeti ki½? Pacch± bhuñjati, paµhama½ pacati.
Bahul±dhik±r± sam±n±’parakriy±supi n±n±kattuk±supi tun±dayo bhavanti. Thakkacca daº¹o patati, dv±ra½ sa½varitv± nikkhamati, puriso s²ha½ disv± bhaya½ uppajjat²ti.
Yasmi½ v±kye aparakriy±pada½ na dissati. Yath±? Pabbata½ atikkamma nad², atikkamma nadi½ pabbato, ye te sant± vimokkh± atikkamma r³pe ar³p±ti, tatthapi satt±kriy± viññ±yateva sabbapadatth±na½ satt±n±tivattanato. Aparakriy±rahite asam±nakattuke ca v±kye paµhamantayogassa diµµhatt± kattaripi tun±d²na½ sambhavo yutto.
720. Paµisedh±la½khal³na½ tuna tv±na tv± v± [paµisedhela½khal³na½ tunattv±na ttv± v±’ (bah³su)].
Paµisedhatth±na½ ala½, khal³na½ yoge tun±dayo honti v±.
Ala½ bhutv±, khalu bhutv±, ala½ bhuttena, khalu bhuttena v±.
721. Tu½t±yetave bh±ve bhavissatikriy±ya½ tadatth±ya½ [ka. 561-2-3; r³. 636, 638-9; n². 1148-9].
Tass± tass± kriy±ya atthabh³t±ya bhavissam±nakriy±ya gamyam±n±ya bh±vatthe tu½, t±ye, tavepaccay± bhavanti. Suttapadava¹¹hanena tuyepaccayopi.
Anubhavitu½ gacchati, anubhavit±ye gacchati, anubhavitave gacchati, anubhavitu½ icchati, k±meti, sakkoti, j±n±ti. Tath± k±lo anubhavitu½, samayo anubhavitu½, vel± anubhavitu½ Tath± anubhavitu½ mano, anubhavitu½ soko, cakkhu daµµhu½, sota½ sotu½, mano viññ±tu½, hattho k±tu½, p±do gantu½, dhanu yujjhitu½, ja¼o vattu½, mando gantu½, alaso kattunti.
Ettha ca “k±lo anubhavitun”ti-±d²su satt±vasena hetukriy± sijjhati, tasm± “anubhavitu½ k±lo bhavat²”ti-±din± attho veditabbo.
Ime panettha t±ye, tuyepayog±– ±gat±mha ima½ dhammasamaya½, dakkhit±ye apar±jitasaªgha½ [d². ni. 2.332]. Alañhi te jagghit±ye, mama½ disv±na edisa½ [j±. 1.5.137]. Ko t±disa½ arahati kh±dit±ye [j±. 1.16.92], atthi hehiti so maggo, na so sakk± na hotuye [bu. va½. 2.9 ‘hetuye’], arahasi na½ y±cituye tuvampi, arahasi no j±nituye kat±ni icc±di.
722. Bh±vakammesu tabb±n²y± [ka. 540; r³. 545; n². 1125].
Bh±ve kammani ca tabba, an²y± honti. Suttapadava¹¹hanena tabya, t±ya, teyyapaccay±pi honti.
Anubhavitabbo-bhogo, anubhavitabb±-sampatti, anubhavitabba½-sukha½.
Bahul±dhik±r± katt±d²svapi bhavanti, tapant²ti tapan²y±p±padhamm±, upaµµh±t²ti upaµµh±n²yo-sisso. Pavuccati eten±ti pavacan²yo-upajjh±yo, niyyanti eten±ti niyy±n²yo, so eva niyy±niko.
Sin±-soceyye, sin±yanti eten±ti sin±n²ya½cuººa½, d²yate ass±ti d±n²yo-br±hmaºo. Samm± vattati etth±ti samm±vattan²yo-guru.
Idha g±th± vuccati–
Arahatthe ca sakkatthe, pattak±le ca pesane;
tabb±dayo atisagge, avass±dhamiºesu ca.
Tattha “araha sakka visiµµhe kattar²”ti vuttiya½ vutta½, tasm± bhavat²ti bhabbo, bhavitu½ arahat²ti attho, majjat²ti majja½, madan²ya½, majjitu½ sakkot²ti attho, evampi yujjati.
Pattak±le-kattabbo bhavat± kaµo, esa k±lo kaµakaraºass±ti d²peti.
Pesane-gantabbo bhavat± g±mo, gacchatu bhava½ g±manti d²peti.
Atisajjana½ sambodhana½ atisaggo, upadeso ceva vidhi ca. Tattha kattabb±’kattabbassa kammassa ±cikkhaºa½ upadeso, d±na½ d±tabba½, s²la½ rakkhitabba½, p±ºo na hantabbo, adinna½ na ±d±tabba½ [d². ni. 3.85]. Kattabb±’kattabb±k±radassana½ vidhi, sakkacca½ d±na½ d±tabba½, no asakkacca½.
Avassake-gaman²yo abhisampar±yo, avassa½ gantabboti attho.
Ya½ iºa½ adentassa daº¹o ±gacchati, ida½ adhamiºa½ n±ma, sata½ me d±tabba½ bhavat±ti.
Ime panettha tabya, t±ya, teyyapayog±– na br±hmaºe addhike tiµµham±ne, gantabyam±hu dvipadinda seµµha [j±. 1.10.13 (gantabba)]. Bh³tag±map±tabyat±, k±mesu p±tabyat± [p±ci. 90], alajjit±ye lajjanti [dha. pa. 316], lajjit±ye na lajjare. Gh±tet±ya½ v± gh±tetu½, pabb±jet±ya½ v± pabb±jetu½ [ma. ni. 1.357], ñ±teyya½, diµµheyya½, patteyya½, viddheyya½ ma½ amaññatha [j±. 2.22.297].
Ta,ti tu, tavantu, t±v², tv±, tv±na, tuna, tu½, tave, t±ye, tuye, tabba. Ime tak±rapaccay± n±ma.
Kara, khanu, g±, gamu, jana, µh±, tanu, thara, dh±, dhara, namu, p±, phara, bhara, mana, mara, ramu, sara, hara, hana.
723. Gam±dir±na½ lopontassa [ka. 586-7; r³. 600, 632; n². 1190, 1191].
Gam±d²na½ mak±ra, nak±rant±na½ rak±rant±nañca dh±t³na½ antassa lopo hoti k±nubandhe tapaccaye pare tv±divajjite.
Kara-karaºe, kar²yitth±ti kato-vih±ro, kat±g³h±, kata½-geha½, sakkar²yitth±ti sakkato, mah±vuttin± santassa so.
‘Karotissa kho’ti p±dito karassa kassa kho, saªkhar²yitth±ti saªkhato, abhisaªkhato, visaªkharittha vikir²yitth±ti visaªkhato, upakar²yittha sajj²yitth±ti upakkhaµo, ‘tathanar±na½ µaµhaºal±’ti tassa µo. Eva½ dukkaµa½.
Parito kar²yitth±ti parikkhato, purato kar²yitth±ti purakkhato, purekkhato v±, mah±vuttin± purassa etta½.
Khanu-avad±raºe, khaññitth±ti khato-±v±µo.
G±-sadde.
724. G±p±nam² [ka. 588; r³. 620; n². 1192].
G±, p±na½ anto ²k±ro hoti k±nubandhe tapaccaye pare tv±divajjite.
G±yitth±ti g²ta½, samodh±netv± g±yitth±ti saªg²topariyattidhammo.
Gamu-gatimhi agacch²ti gato, agacch²yitth±ti v± gato. Eva½ ±gato, uggato, duggato, niggato, vigato, sugato, saªgato, anugato, apagato, avagato, upagato, adhigato.
Jana-j±tiya½.
725. Janiss± [ka. 585; r³. 619; n². 1189].
Janissa nassa ± hoti k±nubandhe tapaccaye pare tv±divajjite.
Aj±yitth±ti j±to, dujj±to, suj±to, sañj±to, anuj±to, avaj±to, atij±to.
Suttavibhattena aññasmimpi vaººe pare nassa ± hoti, putta½ vij±yitv±, vij±yitu½, vij±yana½, vij±yant²-itth², vij±yam±n±, putta½ janet²ti j±y± icc±di, sabbattha mah±vuttin± sare pare y±gamo, mah±vuttin± v± sabbattha nassa y±deso ±did²gho ca.
Ýh±-gatinivattiya½.
726. Ýh±ssi [ka. 588; r³. 620; n². 1192].
Ýh±ssa i hoti k±nubandhe tak±re tv±divajjite.
Aµµh±s²ti µhito, uµµhito, niµµhito, saºµhito, adhiµµhito.
Tanu-vitth±re, ±taññitth±ti ±tata½, vitata½, ±tatavitata½, t³riyabhedo.
Thara-santharaºe, santhar²yitth±ti santhato, vitthato.
Dh±-dh±raºe.
727. Dh±ssa hi [ka. 517; r³. 488; n². 1105].
Dh±dh±tussa dhassa hi hoti k±nubandhe tak±re tv±divajjite.
¾dh²yitth±ti ±hito, ±gy±hito, vidh²yitth±ti vihito, nidh²yitth±ti nihito, sandh²yitth±ti sa½hito, odh²yitth±ti ohito, abhidh²yitth±ti abhihito, pidh²yitth±ti pihito, apihito. Dvitte pubbassa tatiyatta½, ‘dh±ssa ho’ti suttena parassa hatta½, ±dahito, vidahito, nidahito, sa½dahito, saddahito v±, sannidahito, odahito, pidahito, apidahito, paridahito.
Dhara-dh±raºe, uddhar²yitth±ti uddhaµo, samuddhaµo, niddhaµo, tassa µatta½.
Namu-namane, namitth±ti nato, unnato, samunnato, onato, avanato.
P±-p±ne, ‘g±p±nam²’ti ²tta½, p²yitth±ti p²ta½.
Phara-pharaºe, pharittha, phar²yitth±ti v± phuµo, vipphuµo, samphuµo, ophuµo, mah±vuttin± phassa utta½, tassa µatta½.
Bhara-dh±raºe, bhar²yitth±ti bhato, ±bhato, ±bhaµo v±. Udak±talamubbhato, ubbhata½ saªghena kathina½ [mah±va. 317], sambhata½ dhana½.
Mana-ñ±ºe, mato, mah±janena sammatoti mah±sammato, sammat± s²m± [mah±va. 139], anumato, abhimato.
Mara-p±ºac±ge, maritth±ti mato, k±laªkato.
Ramu-k²¼±ya½, ramitth±ti rato, abhirato.
Ramu-uparame virato, paµivirato, uparato.
Sara-gati, cint±su, bahul±dhik±r± k±lattayepi tapaccayo, sarati, asari, sarissat²ti sato, anussato, patissato.
Hara-haraºe, har²yitth±ti hato, ±hato, nihato.
Tassa µatte-±haµo, nihaµo, ud±haµo, samud±haµo, avahaµo.
Hana-hi½s±ya½, haññitth±ti hato, vihato, sam³hato avippav±so [mah±va. 145], sam³hat± s²m± [mah±va. 146].
Tipaccayamhi bahul±dhik±r± ak±nubandhepi antalopo. Paµhama½ kar²yat²ti pakati, ±k±ro ±kati, vik±ro vikati, g±yana½ g²ti, ugg²ti, saªg²ti, anug±yana½ anug²ti, gamana½ gati, gantabb±ti v± gati, gacchanti etth±ti v± gati, ±gamana½ ±gati, sugati, duggati, sam±gamana½ saªgati, janana½ j±ti, j±yanti et±ya, etth±ti v± j±ti, µh±na½ µhiti, saºµhiti, avaµµhiti, punappuna½ tanana½ santati, dh±renti et±y±ti dh²ti, mah±vuttin± ²tta½.
Namana½ nati, unnati, samunnati, onati, avanati, bharitabb±ti bhati, manati j±n±ti et±y±ti mati, vividh± mati vimati, ramaºa½ rati, ±ramaºa½ ±rati, viramaºa½ virati, abhiramaºa½ abhirati, paµiviramaºa½ pativirati, saraºa½ sati, saranti et±y±ti v± sati, anussati, paµissati, upahanana½ upahati.
Tavantupaccayamhi-ak±s²ti katav±, ahan²ti hatav±.
T±v²paccayamhi-kat±v², hat±v².
Tv±d²su
728. Tu½tunatabbesu v±.
Karadh±tussa ra-k±rassa ± hoti v± tu½, tuna, tabbesu. Tunasaddena tv±na, tv±pi saªgayhanti.
729. Karass± tave.
Karassa ra-k±rassa ± hoti tavepaccayamhi.
K±tu½, k±tave, k±tuna, k±tabba½.
Yath± karassa, tath± mah±vuttin± harassa r³pa½ sijjhati, h±thu½, h±tave, h±tuna. Tesa½ tuº¹ena h±t³na, muñce pubbakata½ iºa½ [j±. 1.14.10].
Tv±mhi ±ssa itta½, ±hitv±, soº¹±yudakam±hitv± [j±. 1.10.9 (…hatv±)].

Iti visa½yogar³par±si.