2. N±makaº¹a

Vibhattir±si

Atha liªgamh± sy±divibhattividh±na½ d²piyate.
Liªga½, n±ma½, p±µipadikanti atthato eka½, dabb±bhidh±nassa puris±dikassa pakatir³passeta½ n±ma½. Tañhi sattanna½ vibhatt²na½ vasena vibh±ga½ patv± kiñci visadar³pa½ hoti, kiñci avisadar³pa½, kiñci majjhimar³panti eva½ tividhena liªgar³pena yuttatt± liªganti vuccati.
Tadeva kiñci saddaliªg±nur³pa½, kiñci atthaliªg±nur³pañca pariºamanta½ pavattati, tasm± n±manti ca vuccati.
Tadeva dh±tu, paccaya, vibhattipadehi cevasaddapadatthakapadehi ca ‘visu½ bh³ta½ padan’ti katv± p±µipadikanti ca vuccati.
Tattha dh±tupada½ n±ma br³, bh³, h³-icc±di.
Paccayapada½ n±ma ºa, tabba, an²ya icc±di.
Vibhattipada½ n±ma si, yo, a½, yo,ti, anti icc±di.
Saddapadatthakapad±ni n±ma r±jassa, sakhassa, pumassa icc±d²ni. Ettha ca r±jassa-icc±d²ni saddasutte saddapadatthak±ni honti, payoge atthapadatthak±ni. Dh±tupaccayavibhattipad±ni pana nicca½ saddapadatthak±ni eva honti, saddasuttesveva ca labbhanti, na payogeti, ida½ dvinna½ n±natta½.
Yadi-eva½ bhussa, brussa, bh³to, h³to, ºe, tabbe, simhi, timhi icc±din± tehi katha½ vibhattuppatti hot²ti? Anukaraºapad±ni n±ma t±ni atthissa, karotissa icc±d²ni viya, tasm± t±ni ca r±jassa icc±d²ni ca anukaraºaliªgabh±vena ettha saªgayhanti, na ekantaliªgabh±ven±ti. Evañca katv± ‘dh±tu- paccaya vibhattivajjitamatthava½ liªgan’ti avocu½. Tattha atthavanti atthapadatthaka½ vuccati, r±jassa-icc±dika½ saddapadatthaka½ vivajjeti, etena atthapadatthake sati taddhita, sam±sa, kitakapad±nampi ekantaliªgabh±va½ s±dhenti. Na hi tesa½ liªgan±mabyapadesakicca½ atthi, y±ni ca n±massa visesan±ni bhavitu½ arahanti, t±ni upasagga, nip±tapad±ni tv±nt±dipad±ni ca idha visesanan±mabh±vena saªgayhant²ti.
61. Dve dvek±nekesu n±masm± si yo a½yo n± hi sa na½ sm±hi sana½smi½su [ka. 55; r³. 63; n². 200].
Ekasmi½ atthe ca anekesu atthesu ca pavatt± n±masm± dve dve si, yo…pe… smi½, suvibhattiyo honti.
Vibhajant²ti vibhattiyo, ekameka½ pakatin±mapada½ n±n±r³pavibh±gavasena kattu, kamm±din±n±-atthavibh±gavasena ekatta, bahuttasaªkhy±vibh±gavasena ca vibhajant²ti attho. Si, lo iti paµham± n±ma…pe… smi½, su iti sattam² n±ma. Dv²su dv²su pubba½ pubba½ ‘ekasmi½ atthe pavatta½ vacanan’ti ekavacana½ n±ma. Para½ para½ ‘anekesu atthesu pavatta½ vacanan’ti anekavacana½ n±ma. Bahuvacananti ca puthuvacananti ca etassa n±ma½. Sabbamida½ imin± suttena siddha½.
62. Paµham±tthamatte [ka. 284; r³. 65; n². 577; ca½. 2.1.93; p±. 2.3.46].
Kattu, kamm±dika½ b±hirattha½ anapekkhitv± liªgatthamatte pavatt± n±masm± paµham±vibhatti hoti.
Aya½ mama puriso, ime mama puris±.
63. ¾mantane [ka. 285; r³. 70; n². 578; ca½. 2.1.94; p±. 2.3.47].
¾mantana½ vuccati ±lapana½. ¾mantanavisaye liªgatthamatte pavatt± n±masm± paµham±vibhatti hoti.
Bho purisa, bhonto puris±.
64. Kamme dutiy± [ka. 297; r³. 76, 284; n². 580; ca½. 2.1.43; p±. 1.4.49-51].
N±masm± kammatthe dutiy±vibhatti hoti.
Purisa½ passati, purise passanti.
65. Kattukaraºesu tatiy± [ka. 286, 288; r³. 83; n². 591, 594; ca½. 2.1.62, 63; p±. 2.3.18].
N±masm± kattari ca karaºe ca tatiy±vibhatti hoti.
Purisena kata½, purisehi kata½, purisena kula½ sobhati, purisehi kula½ sobhati.
66. Catutth² sampad±ne [ka. 293; r³ 85, 301; n². 605; ca½. 2.1.73; p±. 2.3.13].
N±masm± sampad±natthe catutth²vibhatti hoti.
Purisassa deti, puris±na½ deti.
67. Pañcamy±vadhismi½ [ka. 295; r³. 89, 307; n². 607 ca½. 2.1.81; p±. 2.3.28; 1.4.24 pañcamyavadhism± (bah³su)].
Avadhi vuccati ap±d±na½. N±masm± avadhi-atthe pañcam²vibhatti hoti.
Purisasm± apeti, purisehi apeti.
68. Chaµµh² sambandhe [ka. 30; r³. 92, 315; n². 609; ca½. 2.1.95; p±. 2.3.50].
N±masm± sambandhatthe chaµµh²vibhatti hoti.
Purisassa dhana½, puris±na½ dhana½.
69. Sattamy±dh±re [ka. 312; r³. 94, 319; n². 630; ca½. 2.1.88; p±. 2.3.36; 1.3.45].
N±masm± ±dh±ratthe sattam²vibhatti hoti.
Purisasmi½ tiµµhati, purisesu tiµµhati.

Vibhattir±si niµµhito.