S±sanappavattikkamo

Bhagavato hi parinibbutik±lato pacch± vassasatabbhantare buddhas±sane kocipi v±dabhedo n±ma natthi. Vassasatak±le pana dutiyasaªg²tik±rehi therehi nikka¹¹hit± vajjiputtak± bhikkh³ pakkha½ labhitv± dhammañca vinayañca aññath± katv± mah±saªg²tin±mena visu½ saªg²timaka½su. Tad± saªg²tidvay±r³¼hapur±ºadhammavinayameva sampaµicchant±na½ ther±na½ gaºo therav±doti ca tadaññesa½ mah±saªghikoti ca vohar²yanti.
Puna mah±saªghikato (1) gokuliko (2) ekabyoh±rikoti dve ±cariyagaº± uppann±. Puna gokulikato (3) paññattiv±do (4) b±huliko (bahussutiko)ti dve uppann±. Puna b±hulikatopi (5) cetiyav±digaºo uppannoti ete pañca m³labh³tena mah±saªghikena saha cha p±µiyekk± ±cariyagaº± ahesu½.
Visuddhattherav±datopi (1) mahis±sako (2) vajjiputtakoti dve ±cariyagaº± uppann±. Puna mahis±sakato (3) sabbatthiv±do (4) dhammaguttikoti dve uppann±. Puna sabbatthiv±datopi (5) kassapiyo, tatopi (6) saªkantiko, tatopi (7) suttav±d²ti tayo uppann±. Vajjiputtakatopi (8) dhammottariyo (9) bhadday±niko (10) chann±g±riko (11) sammitiyoti catt±ro uppann±ti te ek±dasa m³labh³tena visuddhattherav±dena saha dv±dasa ±cariyagaº± ahesu½. Iti ime ca dv±dasa purim± ca ch±ti aµµh±rasa ±cariyagaº± dutiyatatiyasaªg²t²na½ antare j±t± ahesu½.
Tesu m³labh³to therav±dagaºoyeva por±ºadhammavinayagaruko hutv± an³namanadhika½ kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ por±ºika½ dhammavinaya½ dh±resi. Itare pana sattarasa bhinnagaº± por±ºika½ dhammavinaya½ aññath± aka½su. Tena tesa½ dhammavinayo katthaci ³no katthaci adhiko hutv± aparipuººo ceva ahosi aparisuddho ca. Tena vutta½ d²pava½se pañcamaparicchede–
30. “Nikka¹¹hit± p±pabhikkh³, therehi vajjiputtak±;
añña½ pakkha½ labhitv±na, adhammav±d² bah³ jan±.
31. Dasasahass± sam±gantv±, aka½su dhammasaªgaha½;
tasm±ya½ dhammasaªg²ti, mah±saªg²t²ti vuccati.
32. Mah±saªg²tik± bhikkh³, viloma½ aka½su s±sane;
bhinditv± m³lasaªgaha½, añña½ aka½su saªgaha½.
33. Aññatra saªgahita½ sutta½, aññatra akari½su te;
attha½ dhammañca bhindi½su, vinaye nik±yesu ca pañcasu…pe…
49. Attha½ dhammañca bhindi½su, ekadesañca saªgaha½;
ganthañca ekadesañhi, cha¹¹etv± añña½ aka½su te.
50. N±ma½ liªga½ parikkh±ra½, ±kappakaraº²y±ni ca;
pakatibh±va½ jahitv±, tañca añña½ aka½su te.
51. Sattarasa bhinnav±d±, ekav±do abhinnako;
sabbevaµµh±rasa honti, bhinnav±dena te saha.
52. Nigrodhova mah±rukkho, thera v±d±namuttamo;
an³na½ anadhikañca, kevala½ jinas±sana½;
kaºµak± viya rukkhamhi, nibbatt± v±dasesak±.
53. Paµhame vassasate natthi, dutiye vassasatantare;
bhinn± sattarasa v±d±, uppann± jinas±sane”ti [kath±. aµµha. nid±nakath±].
Asokarañño ca k±le parih²nal±bhasakk±r± aññatitthiy± l±bhasakk±ra½ patthayam±n± bhikkh³su pabbajitv± sak±ni sak±ni diµµhigat±ni d²penti “aya½ dhammo, aya½ vinayo, ida½ satthus±sanan”ti. Bhikkh³na½ santike pabbajja½ alabham±n±pi sayameva kese chinditv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± vih±resu vicarant± uposathakamm±dikaraºak±le saªghamajjha½ pavisanti, te bhikkhusaªghena dhammena vinayena satthus±sanena niggayham±n±pi dhammavinay±nulom±ya paµipattiy± asaºµhahant± anekar³pa½ s±sanassa abbudañca malañca kaºµakañca samuµµh±penti. Keci aggi½ paricaranti, keci pañc±tape tapanti, keci ±dicca½ anuparivattanti, keci dhammañca vinayañca vobhindiss±m±ti tath± tath± paggaºhanti. Tad± bhikkhusaªgho na tehi saddhi½ uposatha½ v± pav±raºa½ v± ak±si, asok±r±me satta vass±ni uposatho upacchijji [kath±. aµµha. nid±nakath±; p±r±. aµµha. 1.tatiyasaªg²tikath±].
Imañca pana pavatti½ up±d±ya evampi sakk± gahetu½ “sattarasanna½ bhinnav±dagaº±na½ dhammavinayassa pacchimak±lesu aparisuddhatarabh±vo ²disenapi k±raºena ahos²”ti. Kiñc±pi hi buddhas±sanabh³te parisuddhadhammavinaye “kocipi nicco dhuvo sassato n±ma natthi aññatra nibb±nadh±tuy±, paramatthato att±pi natthi, sabbepi saªkh±r± anicc± addhuv± asassat± anatt±yev±”ti attho ativiya p±kaµo hoti, tath±pi d±ni atherav±dik±na½ ganthesu ca pubbe vetullav±d±d²su ca “buddho nicco dhuvo sassato att±”ti ca, “sabbepi satt± nicc± dhuv± sassat± att±”ti ca attho dissati.
Atha asoko dhammar±j± s±sana½ visodhetuk±mo moggaliputtatissattherassa santike paµhamameva samaya½ uggaºhitv± ekaladdhike ekaladdhike bhikkh³ ekato k±retv± ekameka½ bhikkhusam³ha½ pakkos±petv± pucchi “ki½ v±d² bhante samm±sambuddho”ti. Tato ye ye “samm±sambuddho sassatav±d²”ti v±, “ekaccasassatav±d²”ti v± evam±din± attano attano v±d±nur³pa½ micch±v±da½ ±ha½su, te te “nayime bhikkh³, aññatitthiy± ime”ti tathato ñatv± tesa½ setak±ni vatth±ni datv± uppabb±jesi. Te sabbepi saµµhisahassamatt± ahesu½.
Athaññe bhikkh³ pucchitv± tehi “vibhajjav±d² mah±r±ja samm±sambuddho”ti vutte “suddha½ d±ni bhante s±sana½, karotu bhikkhusaªgho uposathan”ti vatv± ±rakkhañca datv± nagara½ p±visi. Samaggo saªgho sannipatitv± uposatha½ ak±si. Tasmi½ sam±game moggaliputtatissatthero y±ni ca tad± uppann±ni vatth³ni y±ni ca ±yati½ uppajjissanti, sabbesampi tesa½ paµib±hanattha½ satth±r± dinnanayavaseneva tath±gatena µhapitam±tika½ vibhajanto parappav±damaddana½ kath±vatthu½ n±ma abhidhammapiµake pañcama½ pakaraºa½ abh±si. Tato moggaliputtatissattherappamukh± tipiµakapariyattidhar± pabhinnapaµisambhid±patt± sahassa½ bhikkh³ therav±dino saªg²tidvay±r³¼ha½ parisuddha½ por±ºadhammavinaya½ puna saªg±yitv± surakkhita½ rakkhi½su [p±r±. aµµha. 1.tatiyasaªg²tikath±].
Atha moggaliputtatissatthero navasu paccantaµµh±nesu s±sanapatiµµh±panattha½ nava n±yakatthere uccinitv± pesesi. Tesu aµµhahi therehi attano attano pattaµµh±na½ gantv± buddhas±sane patiµµh±pite mah±mahindatthero chatti½s±dhikadvisate (236) buddhavasse jambud²pato s²ha¼ad²pa½ gantv± dev±na½piyatissar±jappamukha½ d²pakajanasam³ha½ pas±detv± buddhas±sana½ sampatiµµh±pesi, tena ca raññ± dinna½ mah±meghavanuyy±na½ paµiggahetv± tattha mah±vih±ra½ n±ma saªgh±r±ma½ patiµµh±pesi [p±r±. aµµha. 1.tatiyasaªg²tikath±]. Tato pabhuti s²ha¼ad²pe buddhas±sana½ y±va vaµµag±maºir±jak±l± nik±yantarav±d±kularahita½ nimmala½ suparisuddha½ hutv± samujjalittha. Vaµµag±maºir±jak±lato pana paµµh±ya nik±yantarav±d±pi s²ha¼ad²pamup±gami½su. Tad± visuddhattherav±dino yath± pur±ºadhammavinayo tehi nik±yantarav±dehi asammisso amal²no pakatiparisuddho hutv± tiµµheyya, tath± ta½ mahuss±hena surakkhita½ rakkhi½su. Katha½?