Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Visuddhimagga nid±nakath±

Visuddhimaggo n±m±ya½ gantho piµakattayas±rabh³to sakalaloke paµipattid²pakaganth±na½ aggo hoti seµµho pamukho p±mokkho uttamo pavaro c±ti viññ³hi pasattho. Tattha hi saªg²tittay±r³¼hassa tepiµakabuddhavacanassa attha½ sa½khipitv± sikkhattayasaªgahita½ brahmacariya½ paripuººa½ pak±sita½ suvisadañca. Eva½ pasatthassetassa visuddhimaggassa nid±nakath±yapi bhavitabbameva. Tasm±d±ni tampak±sanatthamida½ pañhakamma½ vuccati–
“So panesa visuddhimaggo kena kato, kad± kato, kattha kato, kasm± kato, kimattha½ kato, ki½ niss±ya kato, kena pak±rena kato, kissa sakalaloke patthaµo”ti.
Tattha kena katoti ±cariyabuddhaghosattheravarena tepiµakasaªgahaµµhakath±k±rena kato.
Kad± katoti amh±ka½ bhagavato samm±sambuddhassa sakalalokan±thassa parinibbutik±lato pacch± dasame vassasatake (973 -buddhavasse) kato.
Kattha katoti s²ha¼ad²pe anur±dhapure mah±vih±re kato.
Kasm± katoti visuddhik±m±na½ s±dhujan±na½ tadadhigamup±ya½ samm±paµipattinaya½ ñ±petuk±mat±saªkh±tena attano ajjh±sayena sañcoditatt±, saªghap±lattherena ca ajjhesitatt± kato.
Ettha pana µhatv± ±cariyabuddhaghosattherassa uppatti kathetabb±, s± ca mah±va½se (c³¼ava½sotipi voharite dutiyabh±ge) sattati½samaparicchede pannaras±dhikadvisatag±th±to (37, 215) paµµh±ya b±tti½s±ya g±th±hi pak±sit±yeva. Katha½?–

Mah±va½sa-buddhaghosakath±

215. Bodhimaº¹asam²pamhi, j±to br±hmaºam±ºavo;
vijj±-sippa-kal±-ved², t²su vedesu p±rag³.
216. Samm± viññ±tasamayo, sabbav±davis±rado;
v±datth² jambud²pamhi, ±hiº¹anto pav±diko.
217. Vih±rameka’m±gamma, ratti½ p±tañjal²mata½;
parivatteti sampuººa-pada½ suparimaº¹ala½.
218. Tattheko revato n±ma, mah±thero vij±niya;
“mah±pañño aya½ satto, dametu½ vaµµat²”ti, so.
219. “Ko nu gadrabhar±vena, viravanto”ti abravi;
“gadrabh±na½ rave attha½, ki½ j±n±s²”ti ±ha ta½.
220. “Aha½ j±ne”ti vutto so, ot±resi saka½ mata½;
puµµha½ puµµha½ viy±k±si, viraddhampi ca dassayi.
221. “Tena hi tva½ saka½ v±da-mot±reh²”ti codito;
p±¼i’m±h±’bhidhammassa, attha’massa na so’dhig±.
222. ¾ha“kasse’sa manto”ti,“buddhamanto”ti so’bravi;
“dehi meta½”ti vutte hi, “gaºha pabbajja ta½”iti.
223. Mantatth² pabbajitv± so, uggaºhi piµakattaya½;
ek±yano aya½ maggo, iti pacch± ta’maggahi.
224. Buddhassa viya gambh²ra-ghosatt± na½ viy±karu½;
buddhaghosoti ghoso hi, buddho viya mah²tale.
225. Tattha ñ±ºodaya½ [ñ±ºodaya½ n±mapakaraºa½ id±ni kuhiñcipi na dissati;] n±ma, katv± pakaraºa½ tad±;
dhammasaªgaºiy±k±si, kaccha½ so aµµhas±lini½ [id±ni dissam±n± pana aµµhas±lin² s²ha¼ad²pik±yeva. Na jambud²pik±. Parato (54-55 piµµhesu) esa ±vibhavissati].
226. Parittaµµhakathañceva [parittaµµhakathanti piµakattayassa saªkhepato atthavaººan±bh³t± khuddakaµµhakath±ti adhippet± bhavesu], k±tu½ ±rabhi buddhim±;
ta½ disv± revato thero, ida½ vacanamabravi.
227. “P±¼imatta½ idh±n²ta½, natthi aµµhakath± idha [ettha sag²bhittay±r³¼h± moggaliputtatissattherassa santik± uggahit± siss±nusissaparampar±tat± m³laµµhakath± kasm± jambud²pe sabbaso antarahit±ti vima½sitabba½];
tath±cariyav±d± ca, bhinnar³p± na vijjare.
228. S²ha¼aµµhakath± suddh±, mahindena mat²mat±;
saªg²tittayam±r³¼ha½, samm±sambuddhadesita½.
229. S±riputt±dig²tañca, kath±magga½ samekkhiya;
kat± s²ha¼abh±s±ya, s²ha¼esu pavattati.
230. Ta½ tattha gantv± sutv± tva½, m±gadh±na½ niruttiy±;
parivattehi, s± hoti, sabbalokahit±vah±”.
231. Eva½ vutte pasanno so, nikkhamitv± tato ima½;
d²pa½ ±g± imasseva [idassev±ti imasseva mah±n±marañño k±le 953-975 buddhavasse. Ayañca vassaparicchedo s²ha¼ar±java½sa½ niss±ya dassito. Yuropiyavicakkhaº±na½ pana matena 941-964 buddhavasse iti veditabbo. Evamuparipi.], Rañño k±le mah±mati.
232. Mah±vih±ra½ sampatto, vih±ra½ sabbas±dhuna½;
mah±padh±naghara½ gantv±, saªghap±lassa santik±.
233. S²ha¼aµµhakatha½ sutv±, therav±dañca sabbaso;
“dhammass±missa esova, adhipp±yo”ti nicchiya.
234. Tattha saªgha½ sam±netv±, “k±tu½ aµµhakatha½ mama;
potthake detha sabbe”ti, ±ha, v²ma½situ½ sa ta½.
235. Saªgho g±th±dvaya½ tass±’d±si “s±matthiya½ tava;
ettha dassehi, ta½ disv±, sabbe dem±ti potthake” [234-5 g±th±su ayamatthayojan±– “tattha mah±vih±re sa½gha½ mah±netv± sa½gha sannip±ta½ k±retv± ±cariyapubbaddhaghoso evam±ha ‘aµµhakatha½ k±tu½ sabbe p±¼i-aµµhakath±-potthake mama deth±’ti. So sa½gho ta½ v²ma½situ½ sa½yuttanik±yato ‘antojaµ±’ti-±dika½ ca ‘s²le patiµµh±y±’ti-±dika½ c±ti g±th±dvaya½ tassa ad±si ‘ettha tava s±matthiya½ ñ±ºappabh±va½ dasseti. Ta½ disv± sabbe potthake dem±’tivatv±”ti. Imin± pana ayamatth± dassito hoti “±cariya buddhaghoso visuddhimagga½ karonto tadeva g±th±dvaya½ oloketv±, kiñcipi añña½ potthaka½ anoloketv± ak±s²”ti. Tassa panatthassa yutt±yuttavic±raº± parato (39-49-piµµhesu) ±gamissati].
236. Piµakattaya’mettheva, saddhi½ aµµhakath±ya so;
visuddhimagga½ n±m±’k±, saªgahetv± sam±sato.
237. Tato saªgha½ sam³hetv±, sambuddhamatakovida½;
mah±bodhisam²pamhi, so ta½ v±cetu m±rabhi.
238. Devat± tassa nepuñña½, pak±setu½ mah±jane;
ch±desu½ potthaka½ sopi, dvattikkhattumpi ta½ ak± [238 g±th±ya ayamattho– “devat± tassa buddhaghosassa nepuñña½ nipuºaññ±ppas±va½ mah±janassa pak±setu½ tena likhita½ visuddhimaggapotthaka½ ch±desu½ paµicch±detv± apassiyabh±va½ p±petv± µhapesu½. Sopi buddhaghoso dutiyampi ta½ likhi, tampi devat± chadesu½. Tatiyampi likh²”ti. Tena vutta½ “dvattikkhattumpi ta½ ak±”ti. Idameva mah±va½savacana½ niss±ya vitt±retv± kathit±ya buddhaghosuppattiy± n±ma kath±la ekaratteneva visuddhimaggassa tikkhattumpi likhitv± niµµh±pitabh±vo pak±sito. ¿dis² pana kath± bah³na½ vimhayajanan²pi parikkhak±na½ sa½sayajanan² hoti. Tasm± imiss±pi vic±raº± parato (47-8-piµµhesu) dassiyissati].
239. V±cetu½ tatiye v±re, potthake samud±haµe;
potthakadvaya’maññampi, saºµhapesu½ tahi½ mar³.
240. V±cayi½su tad± bhikkh³, potthakattaya’mekato;
ganthato atthato v±pi, pubb±paravasena v±.
241. Therav±dehi p±¼²hi, padehi byañjanehi v±;
aññathattamah³ neva, potthakesupi t²supi.
242. Atha ugghosay² saªgho, tuµµhahaµµho visesato;
nissa½saya½’sa metteyyo, iti vatv± punappuna½.
243. Saddhi½ aµµhakath±y±’d±, potthake piµakattaye;
ganth±kare vasanto so, vih±re d³rasaªkare.
244. Parivattesi sabb±pi, s²ha¼aµµhakath± tad±;
sabbesa½ m³labh±s±ya, m±gadh±ya niruttiy±.
245. Satt±na½ sabbabh±s±na½, s± ahosi hit±vah±;
theriy±cariy± sabbe, p±¼i½ viya ta’maggahu½.
246. Atha kattabbakiccesu, gatesu pariniµµhiti½;
vanditu½ so mah±bodhi½, jambud²pa½ up±gam²”ti [so mah±bodhi vanditu½ jambud²pa½ up±gam²ti ida½ vacana½ purimavacanehi asa½saµµha½ viya hoti. Pubbe hi “±cariyabuddhaghoso bodhimaº¹asam²pe j±to”ti ca, “s²ha¼ad²pa½ gantv± s²ha¼aµµhakath±yo m±gadhabh±s±ya parivatteh²ti tass±cariyena revatattherena vutto”ti ca vutta½. Tasm± idh±pi ±cariyabuddhaghosassa pavatti tadanur³p± “t± bh±s±parivattitaµµhakath±yo ±d±ya s±sanujjotanattha½ jambud²pa½ up±gam²”ti evam±din± s±sanujjotanam³lik± eva bhavitu½ arahati, na pana mah±bodhivandanam³lik±ti].
Ayañca pana mah±va½sakath± 1950 - kharistavasse h±badamah±vijj±layamuddaºayante romakkharena mudditassa visuddhimaggapotthakassa purec±rikakath±ya½ “anek±nettha atthi vic±retabb±n²”ti vatv± dhamm±nandakosamb²n±makena vicakkhaºena vic±rit±. Tamettha yutt±yuttavicinan±ya dassetv± anuvic±raºampissa kariss±ma.