773. Soti dukkhato vuµµhito. Sabbatth±ti aµµhasupi µh±nesu. Nanu ca aµµhakath±ya½ “dve dhur±n²”ti niyamitatt± paµhamamaggakkhaŗe saddh±nus±r² v± siy±, dhamm±nus±r² v±? Idha na saddh±nus±r² yutto, k±yasakkhit±pi arahato natthi. Abhidhamme hi–
“Katamo ca puggalo k±yasakkh²? Idhekacco puggalo aµµha vimokkhe k±yena phusitv± viharati, pańń±ya cassa disv± ekacce ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± honti. Aya½ vuccati puggalo k±yasakkh²”ti (pu. pa. 208)–

Ekacc±savaparikkhayavacanato k±yasakkhino sekkhabh±vova vińń±yat²ti? Saccameta½ nippariy±yato, idha pana pariy±yena vutta½. Ko pana so pariy±yoti? K±yasakkhisadisat±. Upac±rar³pajjh±nasam±dhito hi s±tisaya½ ar³pasam±dhisamphassa½ laddh± nibbatt²ti ekacc±savaparikkhaya½ up±d±ya “k±yasakkh²”ti vattabbapuggalena s±tisayasam±dhisamphassatadadhiµµh±n±savaparikkhayas±mańńa½ apekkhitv± k±yasakkh² viya k±yasakkh²ti arah± paµisambhid±magge vuttoti idh±pi tameva naya½ gahetv± arahatopi k±yasakkhit± vutt±. Suttantasa½vaŗŗan± hes±ti. Nippariy±yena pana paµhamaphalato paµµh±ya chasu µh±nesu k±yasakkh² n±ma hoti, so ca kho aµµhasam±pattil±bh², na vipassan±y±niko sukkhavipassako, upac±ramattal±bh², r³pajjh±namattal±bh² v±. Passaddhibahuloti ca passaddhis²sena sam±dhi vuttoti s±tisayasam±dhil±bh² samathay±nikova adhippeto, samathay±nikasseva ca k±yasakkhibh±vo heµµh± vutto. Ar³pajjh±nanti catubbidha½ ar³pajjh±na½. Tattha pana ekampi laddh± arahatta½ patto ubhatobh±gavimutto eva hot²ti imamattha½ dassetu½ “ar³pajjh±na”micceva vutta½, na “catt±ri ar³pajjh±n±n²”ti. Ten±ya½ catunna½ ar³pasam±patt²na½, nirodhasam±pattiy± ca vasena pańcavidho hoti. Esa nayo k±yasakkhimhipi. Dv²hi bh±gehi dve v±re vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimutto.

774. Pańńavato nipuŗatar±, gambh²r± ca atth± p±kaµ± hutv± upaµµhahant²ti anattato manasi karoto vedabahulat±, pańńindriyapaµil±bho ca vutto. Dhamm±nus±r² hoti pańńindriyassa adhimattatt±. Pańń± hi idha “dhammo”ti adhippet± “sacca½ dhammo dhiti c±go”ti-±d²su viya (j±. 1.1.57).
775. Yass± p±¼iy± vasena idha ariyapuggalassa saddh±vimutt±dibh±vo vutto, ta½ p±¼i½ dassetu½ “vutta½ hetan”ti-±di ±raddha½, ta½ suvińńeyyameva.
776. “Saddhindriyassa adhimattatt± saddh±vimutto”ti evam±di-atthassa s±dhaka½ aparampi vutta½. “Saddahanto vimutto”ti etena sabbath± avimuttassa saddh±mattena vimuttabh±vadassanena saddh±vimuttassa sekkhabh±vameva vibh±veti. Saddh±vimuttoti v± saddh±ya adhimuttoti attho.
Phuµµhanta½ sacchikatoti phuµµh±na½ anantara½ phuµµhanto, phuµµh±na½ ar³pajjh±n±na½ anantaro k±loti adhipp±yo, accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½, phuµµh±nantarak±lameva sacchikaraŗ³p±yena sacchik±tabba½ sacch±k±s²ti vutta½ hoti. Bh±vanapu½saka½ v± eta½ yath± “ekamantan”ti (p±r±. 2). Yo hi ar³pajjh±nena r³pak±yato, n±mak±yekadesato ca vikkhambhanavimokkhena vimutto, tena nirodhasaŖkh±to vimokkho ±locito pak±sito viya hoti, na pana k±yena sacchikato, nirodha½ pana ±rammaŗa½ katv± ekaccesu ±savesu khepitesu tena so sacchikatova hoti. Tasm± so sacchik±tabba½ yath±-±locita½ n±mak±yena sacch±k±s²ti k±yasakkh²ti vuccati, na tu vimutto ekacc±na½ ±sav±na½ aparikkh²ŗatt±. Diµµhanta½ pattoti dassanasaŖkh±tassa sot±pattimaggań±ŗassa anantara½ pattoti vutta½ hoti. Paµhamaphalato paµµh±ya hi y±va aggamagg± diµµhippattoti. “Diµµhiy± patto”ti v± p±µho, catusaccadassanasaŖkh±t±ya diµµhiy± nirodha½ pattoti attho. Ime ca saddh±vimutt±dayo tayo paramatthato apariyositań±ŗakicc±ti ta½ naya½ dassetu½ “saddahanto vimuccat²”ti-±di vutta½. Jh±naphassanti s±tisaya½ jh±naphassa½. Tena ar³pajjh±naphasso saŖgahito hoti.
“Dukkh± saŖkh±r±ti ń±ta½ hot²”ti imin± dukkhasaccapaµivedham±ha, “sukho nirodhoti ń±ta½ hot²”ti imin± nirodhasaccapaµivedha½. Tadubhayena ca samudayamaggasaccapaµivedha½ n±nantariyakabh±vato. “ѱta½ hot²”ti imin± dutiyamaggakicca½, “diµµha½ hot²”ti imin± tatiyamaggakicca½, “vidita½ hot²”ti imin± catutthamaggakicca½, “sacchikatan”ti imin± paµhamaphalakicca½, “phusitan”ti imin± sesaphaladvayakicca½. Iti diµµhippattassa maggaphalań±ŗaby±p±radassan±ni im±ni pad±n²ti vadanti.
777. Itares³ti saddh±nus±ri-±dipadesu. Saddha½ anusarat²ti ±gaman²yaµµh±ne µhita½ saddha½ anugacchati. Yath± s± tikkh± s³r± ahosi maggakkhaŗepi tadanur³pameva pavattet²ti attho. Saddh±ya v± anusarat²ti saddh±ya k±raŗabh³t±ya saccapaµivedhassa anur³pa½ sarati gacchati, paµipajjat²ti attho. Dv²hipi atthavikappehi saddh±ya adhimattata½yeva vibh±veti. Dhamm±nus±r²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Ubhatobh±gavimuttoti dv²hi bh±gehi dve v±re vimutto, r³pak±yato ca n±mak±yato ca vikkhambhanavasena, samucchedavasena ca vimuttoti attho. Ar³pajjh±nena r³pak±yato ca n±mak±yekadesato ca vimutto, ariyamaggena n±mak±yato vimuttoti ubhohi bh±gehi dve v±re vimuttatt± ubhatobh±gavimutto. Paj±nanto vimuttoti paµhamajjh±naphassena vin± parij±nan±dippak±rehi catt±ri ariyasacc±ni j±nanto paµivijjhanto tesa½ kicc±na½ matthakappattiy± niµµhitakiccat±ya visesena muttoti vimutto.
Aya½ panettha nippariy±yato saŖkhepakath±– yassa anicc±k±rato vuµµh±na½ hoti, so adhimokkhabahulo saddhindriyassa tikkhabh±vena paµhamamaggakkhaŗe saddh±nus±r² n±ma hoti, majjhe chasu µh±nesu saddh±vimutto. Aggaphalakkhaŗe pańń±vimutto n±ma hoti. Tath± yassa dukkh±k±rato vuµµh±na½ hoti, tassa passaddhibahulat±ya sam±dhindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti dukkhupanis±ya saddh±yapi tibbataratt±, dhuraniyamato ca. Sopi paµhamamaggakkhaŗe saddh±nus±r² eva hoti, majjhe chasu µh±nesu saddh±vimutto, ante pańń±vimutto ca hoti. Yassa pana anatt±k±rato vuµµh±na½ hoti, so vedabahulo pańńindriyassa tikkhabh±vena paµhamamaggakkhaŗe dhamm±nus±r² eva hoti, majjhe chasu µh±nesu diµµhippatto, ante pańń±vimutto eva hoti. Ime pana na aµµhavimokkhal±bhino, aµµhavimokkhal±bh² pana paµhamamaggakkhaŗe saddh±nus±r²dhamm±nus±r² v± siy±. Majjhe chasu µh±nesu k±yasakkh², pariyos±ne ubhatobh±gavimuttoti.

SaŖkh±rupekkh±ń±ŗa½.

778. Ya½ ta½ vimokkhamukhabh±va½ ±pajjitv± satta-ariyapuggalavibh±g±ya ca paccayo hot²ti vutta½, ta½ paneta½ saŖkh±rupekkh±ń±ŗa½. Purimena ń±ŗadvayen±ti muńcitukamyat±paµisaŖkh±nupassan±ń±ŗadvayena atthato eka½, pavatti-±k±rabhedato n±nanti adhipp±yo. Yath±vuttamattha½ aµµhakath±ya, p±¼iy± ca s±dhetu½ “ten±h³”ti-±di vutta½. Muńcitukamyat±muńcanup±yakaraŗań±ŗ±nipi saŖkh±resu ud±s²nabh±veneva pavattanato saŖkh±rupekkh±samańń±neva hont²ti vutta½ “ida½ saŖkh±rupekkh±ń±ŗa½ ekameva t²ŗi n±m±ni labhat²”ti. Tena saŖkh±rupekkh±voh±ro muńcitukamyat±diń±ŗasamud±yavisayoti dasseti.
780. Upp±d±d²n²ti upp±dapavatt±di-apadesena vutte saŖkh±re. Pariccajituk±mat±ti tappaµibandhachandar±gappah±nena vissajjituk±mat±. PaµisaŖkh±nanti punappuna½ t²raŗa½. Muńcitv±ti nir±layabh±v±pattiy± apekkh±vissajjanavasena vissajjitv±. Avas±neti tath±karaŗassa uttarak±la½. Y±va nibb±nasampakkhandan± na ijjhati, t±va vicinanepi ud±s²nat±ya ń±ŗassa sant±navasena pavatti½ sandh±y±ha “ajjhupekkhana½ santiµµhan±”ti. Evanti ajjhupekkhan±k±ras±mańńato “muńcitukamyat± ca s± santiµµhan± c±”ti vutt±k±rena.
781. Ime dhamm±ti ime ń±ŗasaŖkh±t± dhamm±, ń±ŗapariy±yo v± idha dhamma-saddo, tasm± im±ni ń±ŗ±n²ti attho. Ekatt±ti ekasabh±v±.
782. Vuµµh±nag±min² hoti vuµµh±nagamanato. SaŖkh±rupekkh±diń±ŗattayass±ti saŖkh±rupekkh±nulomagotrabhusańńitassa ń±ŗattayassa. Kiccavasena pavattiµµh±navasenapi lokiyań±ŗ±na½ upari µhitatt± vutta½ “uttamabh±va½ pattatt±”ti. Nimittabh³tatoti vipassan±ya ±rammaŗabh³tato khandhapańcakato. Ten±ha “abhiniviµµhavatthuto”ti. Tańhi vipassan±ya gocarakaraŗasaŖkh±tena abhinivesena abhiniviµµhavatthunti pavuccati. Ta½ paneta½ sasantatipariy±pannampi parato diµµhit±ya “bahiddh±”ti vutta½. Tadeva hi “bahiddh± sabbanimitt±n²”ti tattha tattha vuccati. Ajjhattapavattatoti sasant±ne micch±diµµhipavattana-±dito, tadanuvattakakilesakkhandhehi ca. Tańhi sasantatiya½ kilesappavattabh±vato, tannimitta½ asati maggabh±van±ya uppajjanaka-up±dinnakkhandhapavattabh±vato ca tath± vutta½. Vuµµhahanańca nesa½ ±rammaŗ±karaŗa½, ±yati½ anuppattidhammat±p±danańca. Ghaµiyati attano anantarameva maggasamuppattito.
783. Tatr±ti tasmi½ “abhiniviµµhavatthuto vuµµhahanato”ti saŖkhepavacane. Ajjhattabahiddh± r³p±r³papapańcakkhandhalakkhaŗattayavasena aya½ m±tik± uddeso. Ajjhatta½ abhinivisitv±ti sasantatipariy±pannesu khandhesu vipassana½ paµµhapetv±. “Ajjhatt± vuµµh±t²”ti ida½ vuµµh±nag±miniy± ajjhattadhamm±rammaŗatt± pariy±yato vutta½, nippariy±yato pana maggo sabbatopi vuµµh±ti. Bahiddh± vuµµh±t²ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Ekappah±ren±ti ekajjha½, ta½ pana ajjhatt±divibh±ga½ akatv± “ya½ kińci samudayadhamma½, sabba½ ta½ nirodhadhamman”ti (d². ni. 1.298; sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 16; paµi. ma. 2.30) avibh±gena vuµµh±nag±miniy± pavattivasena veditabba½, tayida½ satthu sammukh± desan±nus±rena ń±ŗa½ pesentassa ń±ŗuttarassa sambhavat²ti vadanti.
784. Suddha-ajjhattadassanamatteneva maggavuµµh±na½ na hoti mama½k±ravatthunopi parińńeyyatt± maggasaŖkh±ta½ vuµµh±na½, maggena v± vuµµh±na½ maggavuµµh±na½.
785. R±si½ katv±ti bh³tup±d±yavasena duvidha½ antarabhedavasena anekabhedampi “ruppanaµµhena r³pan”ti piŗ¹ato gahetv±. Yath± r³pe vipassan±bhiniveso yebhuyyena vipassan±y±nikassa, eva½ ar³pe vipassan±bhiniveso yebhuyyena samathay±nikassa hoti. Abhinivesoti ca vipassan±ya pubbabh±ge kattabban±mar³paparicchedo veditabbo. Tasm± paµhama½ r³papariggaŗhana½ r³pe abhiniveso. Esa nayo sesesupi.
786. Ya½ kińci samudayadhamma½, sabba½ ta½ nirodhadhammanti k±ma½ udayabbayapariggaŗhana½ abhinivesoti dassita½, yath±-upaµµhite pana r³p±r³padhamme, tesańca paccaye pariggahetv± saŖkhepeneva vipassan±ń±ŗa½ c±rento ń±ŗuttaro yath±nisinnova ń±ŗapaµip±µiy± khippameva sacc±ni paµivijjhanto ekappah±rena pańcahi khandhehi vuµµh±ti n±ma. Ańńath± ekeneva lokiyacittena pańcanna½ khandh±na½ pariggahaparij±nan±d²na½ asambhavato. Na hi sanidassanasappaµigh±di½ ekajjha½ ±rammaŗa½ k±tu½ sakk±. Yassa pana ekav±ra½ ń±ŗena phassita½, puna ta½ phassitabbameva, t±disassa vasena vuttanti vadanti.