¾d²nav±nupassan±ñ±ºakath±vaººan±

752. T±ºanti saªkh±rahetuk± anattato rakkhaºa½. Neva paññ±yati sabbabhav±d²na½ s±d²navat±ya ekasadisatt±. Leºanti tassa pariharaºat±º±ya upal²yana½. Gat²ti tadattha½ gantabbaµµh±na½. Paµisaraºanti tasseva paµisaraºaµµh±na½. Patthan±ti ±s²san± na hoti. Etena “neta½ mam±”ti taºh±g±h±bh±vam±ha. Par±m±soti diµµhipar±m±so. Tena “eso me att±”ti diµµhig±h±bh±vam±ha. Taºh±g±h±bh±veneva cettha “esohamasm²”ti m±nag±h±bh±vopi vuttoyeva hoti, -saddaggahaºena v±.
Id±ni patthan±d²namabh±ve k±raºa½ dassetu½ “tayo bhav±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tayo bhav± aªg±rak±suyo viya j±ti-±didukkh±dhiµµh±nabh±vena mah±bhit±pat±ya. Catt±ro mah±bh³t± kaµµhamukhap³timukha-aggimukhasatthamukhasaªkh±t± ghoravisa-±s²vis± viya k±yassa thaddhat±vissandanad±hacchedadukkhavidh±nato visesato, avisesato pana ±sayato, visavik±rato, anatthad±nato, durupac±rato, dur±sadato, akataññuto, avisesak±rito, anek±d²nav³paddavato ca. “Catt±ro ±s²vis± uggatej± ghoravis±ti kho, bhikkhave catunneta½ mah±bh³t±na½ adhivacanan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.238) hi vutta½. Pañcakkhandh± ekakkhandhabhede aññakkhandh±navaµµh±nato. Aññamaññ±gh±tanato, maraºadukkh±vahanato ca ukkhitt±sikavadhak± viya. Vuttampi ceta½ “ukkhitt±siko vadhakoti kho, bhikkhave, pañcanneta½ up±d±nakkhandh±na½ adhivacanan”ti. Cha ajjhattik±yatan±ni attattaniyabh±vena gahit±nipi tato rittabh±vato suññag±mo viya bhojan±digayhupagamettha atth²ti paviµµhasuññag±mo viya. Tath± hi vutta½–
“Suññag±moti kho, bhikkhave, channeta½ ajjhattik±na½ ±yatan±na½ adhivacana½. Cakkhuto cepi na½, bhikkhave, paº¹ito byatto medh±v² upaparikkheyya, rittakaññeva kh±yati, tucchakaññeva kh±yati, suññakaññeva kh±yat²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.238)–

¾di. Cha b±hir±yatan±ni g±magh±takacor± viya sabbath±pi gh±takabh±vato. Tenev±ha “cor± g±magh±tak±ti kho, bhikkhave, channeta½ b±hir±na½ ±yatan±na½ adhivacana½. Cakkhu, bhikkhave, haññati man±p±man±pesu r³pes³”ti-±di. R±gaggi-±d²hi ek±dasahi agg²hi. Vuttañheta½–

“Cakkhu, bhikkhave, ±ditta½. Kena ±ditta½? R±gaggin± dosaggin± mohaggin± j±tiy± jar±ya maraºena sokehi paridevehi dukkhehi domanassehi up±y±seh²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.28)–

¾di Saªkh±r±na½ gaº¹±disadisat± heµµh± vutt±yeva. Nirass±d±ti ass±detabbarahit± dukkhasabh±vatt±. Niras±ti sampattirahit± vipattipariyos±natt±. Sabbattha yath± heµµh± nirass±d± niras± mah±-±d²navar±sibh³t± hutv± upaµµhahant²ti sambandho, eva½ uparipi “sav±¼akamiva vanagahanan”ti-±d²su ta½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½.

Sasadd³l±ti sabyaggh±. G±h± kumbhil±dayo. Rakkhaso dakarakkhaso. “Nirasa½ nirass±dan”ti imin± ±d²navassa abbokiººata½ dasseti. Tath± hissa yogino sabbesu bhav±d²su sabbepi saªkh±r± nissaggato nirantara½ sappaµibhay±va hutv± upaµµhahanti. Yañca sappaµibhaya½, ta½ s±d²nava½. Ten±ha “tassevan”ti-±di.
Yanti ±d²navañ±ºa½. Ida½ vuttanti ida½ dasavatthuka½ dv±dasav±rapaµimaº¹ita½ anvayabyatirekavasena tasseva padabh±jana½ paµisambhid±ya½ vutta½.
Upp±do bhayanti saªkh±r±na½ upp±do akhemaµµhena bhayavatthut±ya bhaya½. Upp±dam³lakañhi sabba½ ta½ sabbavatthukanti sabyasana½. Pavatta½ bhayanti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Natthi etassa upp±do, na v± etasmi½ adhigate saªkh±r±na½ ±yati½ upp±doti anupp±do, nibb±na½. Tañca sabbaso bhay±bh±vato paramass±sabh³tatt± nibbhayaµµhena khemanti. Santipadeti sabbasaªkh±r³pasamabh³te amatapade. Appavattanti-±d²hipi pavatt±dipaµikkhepamukhena nibb±nameva vadati. Pavattiya½ ±d²nava½ disv± tadanantarameva nivattiya½ ±nisa½sadassanavasena s²gha½ vipassana½ ussukk±pent±na½ vasena “upp±do bhaya½, anupp±do kheman”ti tatiyav±ro vutto. Eseva nayo chaµµhav±r±d²supi. Ettha ca upp±do viseso, bhaya½ visesitabba½ s±maññabh±vatoti satipi dvinna½ pad±na½ sam±n±dhikaraºabh±ve liªgabhedo gahito. Yath± “dukkhasamudayo ariyasaccan”ti (d². ni. 3.354; ma. ni. 3.374). Esa nayo “gati bhayan”ti-±d²supi.
Upp±do saªkh±r±ti ettha pana sabbesa½ saªkh±r±na½ upp±da½ s±maññena gahetv± saªkh±r± bhedato vihit± sabbatthakameva tesa½ vibh±gato vipassiyam±natt±ti vacanabhedo kato.
¾y³hana½ paµisandhi½ “dukkhan”ti passat²ti sambandho. ѱºa½ ±d²nave idanti ±d²nave visayabh³te ida½ pañcavatthuka½ ñ±ºa½ veditabba½. ѱºa½ santipadeti santipade ninn±dibh±vena µhita½ ida½ ñ±ºanti attho.
753. Kammapaccay± paccuppannabhave uppajjam±n±na½ saªkh±r±na½ upp±do p±kaµataro hutv± upaµµh±t²ti ±ha “purimakammapaccay± idha uppatt²”ti. Pavatta½ n±ma idha pavattiya½ dhammappavatt²ti ±ha “uppannassa pavatt²”ti. Sabbamp²ti tiyaddhagata½ r³p±r³pa½ ajjhattabahiddh±divibh±ga½ sabbampi. Kammanti etarahi pavatta½ kamma½. Ettha ca upp±dapavatta-±y³hanaggahaºena paccuppannaddhapariy±pann± saªkh±r± gahit±, paµisandhiggahaºena an±gataddhapariy±pann± up±ditt±. Upp±daggahaºena ca at²taddhapariy±pann± kammasaªkh±r± ulliªgatt±. Nimittaggahaºena pana sabbepi gahit±. Y±ya gatiy± s± paµisandhi hoti s± niray±dibhed± gati sucaritaduccaritavasena gantabbatt±, s± panatthato ta½ta½kammaniyamit± bhavasamaññ±rah± vip±kakkhandh±, kaµatt± ca r³panti veditabb±. Khandh±na½ nibbattananti sabbesampi khandh±na½ nibbattana½. P±kaµ± eva saccavibhaªge lakkhaº±divasena niddiµµhatt±. Vatthuvasen±ti ±rammaºasaªkh±tapavattiµµh±navasena. Yadi te pañceva vatthubh±vena icchit±, atha kasm± ses± vutt±ti ±ha “ses± tesa½ vevacanavasen±”ti. Tena vipassak±na½ ñ±ºavipph±rassa visayasa½va¹¹hanattha½ desan± va¹¹hit±ti dasseti.
Anvayato dassitassa ±d²navañ±ºassa byatirekato dassanattha½ paµipakkhañ±ºadassana½ “yattha upp±do natthi, tattha sabbena sabba½ bhayampi natth²”ti. “Bhayatupaµµh±nena v±”ti-±din± pavatti½ dassetv± nivattidassana½ buddh±na½, anubuddh±nañca ±ciººameta½ yath± purima½ saccadvaya½ dassetv± nirodhasaccadesan±ti dasseti. Yath± loke kassaci ±d²navadassana½ niratthakampi hoti, na tath± ida½, ida½ pana s±tthakamev±ti imamattha½ dassetu½ “yasm± v±”ti-±di vutta½. Tappaµipakkhaninna½ citta½ hoti d±h±bhibh³tassa s²taninnat± viya suµµhu diµµh±d²navato eka½sena muñcitukamyat±bh±vato.
Bhayanti bh±yitabba½. “Niyamato dukkhan”ti etenassa dukkhabh±vena bh±yitabbat±ti bh±yitabbat± dukkhabh±va½ na byabhicarat²ti dasseti. Vaµµ±misa½ up±dinnakkhandh±ti vadanti. Tividhampi vaµµa½, vaµµasannissitañca vaµµ±misa½. Kilesehi ±masitabbato lok±misa½, pañca k±maguº± Kiles± eva kiles±misa½. Saªkh±ramattamev±ti ettha eva-saddena visaªkh±ra½ nivatteti. Na hi tattha s±misat±lesopi atth²ti. Matta-saddena pana aparipuººata½ vibh±veti. Na hi sabbasaªkh±ragata½ s±misanti. Tasm±ti “bhayan”ti vuttassa dukkh±dibh±vena niyatatt±. Yadi ya½ bhaya½, ta½ dukkh±disabh±vameva, tath± sati bhay±d²su ekeneva atthasiddhi. Kasm± sabb±ni gahit±n²ti anuyoga½ manasi katv± ±ha “eva½ santep²”ti-±di. Yath± tesu eva saªkh±resu aniccato dukkhato anattato pavattivasena ±k±ran±nattato anupassan±n±natta½, eva½ bhay±k±r±di-±k±ran±nattato pavattivasenevettha ñ±ºassa n±natta½ Tattha bhay±k±rena pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ bhayatupaµµh±nañ±ºa½, itar±k±ravasena pavatta½ ±d²navañ±ºanti daµµhabba½.
Yasm± ±d²navañ±ºassa visayabh±vena vutt± pannaras±pi atth± upp±d±d²su pañcasveva antogadh±, tattha ca ñ±ºa½ anvayabyatirekavasena pavattanato dasavidha½ hoti. Tasm± ±ha “dasa ñ±ºe paj±n±t²”ti. Paj±nanañca s±tisaya½ visayagatasammohavigamena asamm³¼ha½, attanipi asamm³¼hamev±ti att±nampi paj±nanta½ viya hot²ti katv± vutta½. Ten±ha “paµivijjhati sacchikarot²”ti. Dvinnanti dv²su kusalasaddayogena hi bhummatthe s±mivacana½ yath± “kusal± naccag²tass±”ti (j±. 2.22.94). Kusalat±ti karaºe paccattavacananti ±ha “dvinna½ kusalat±y±”ti. Dvinnanti v± dvinna½ ñ±º±na½ vasen±ti attho. Pavattiy± y±th±vato diµµhat±ya tappaµipakkhato santipada½ suvinicchitameva hutv± upaµµh±ti. Tenassa citta½ paramadiµµhadhammanibb±n±dimicch±g±havasena na vicalati. Tattha suparidiµµh±d²navatt±ti ±ha “n±n±diµµh²su na kampat²”ti-±di. Sesamettha utt±natthameva.

¾d²nav±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ niµµhita½.