Bhaªg±nupassan±ñ±ºakath±vaººan±

741. Vahat²ti pavattati. ѱºassa tikkhabh±vo bh±van±ya paguºabh±vena. Paguº± ca bh±van± vikkhep±bh±vato ±rammaºe appit± viya pavattat²ti ñ±ºassa tikkhabh±vena saªkh±r±na½ lahu-upaµµh±nat± dassit±. Saªkh±resu pana udayabbayavasena lahu½ lahu½ upaµµhahantesu udayadassanañca “upp±davato vin±so”ti y±vadeva vayadassanattha½ tassa nibbid±vahatt±ti vaye evassa ±bhogasamann±h±ro manasik±ro pavattati, tena upp±d±di½ muñcitv± vayamev±rabbha ñ±ºa½ uppajjati. Tena vutta½ “upp±da½ v±”ti-±di. Tattha upp±danti nibbattivik±ra½. Ýhitinti µhitippatta½, jaranti attho. Pavattanti up±dinnakappavatta½. Nimittanti saªkh±ranimitta½. Ya½ saªkh±r±na½ samuday±dighanavasena, sakiccaparicchedat±ya ca saviggah±na½ viya upaµµh±na½, ta½ saªkh±ranimitta½. Keci pana “pavatta½ n±ma saªkh±r±na½ avicchedena pavattana½ upp±dova, nimitta½ n±ma uppann±na½ vijjam±nat± µh±naparampar±, tasm± upp±dameva gaºh±ti ce, pavatta½ gaºh±ti n±ma. Ýhiti½yeva gaºh±ti ce, nimitta½ gaºh±ti n±m±”ti vadanti, ta½ “upp±da½ v±”ti-±divacanena virujjhati. Na hi asati bhede vikappo yutto. Na samp±puº±ti aggahaºato. Ki½ pana samp±puº±t²ti ±ha “khaya…pe… santiµµhat²”ti. Tattha nirodhasaddo anupp±depi dissat²ti bhedasaddena visesita½, bhedasaddo visesav±cakopi hot²ti vayasaddena visesita½, sopi anirodhav±cakopi atth²ti khayasaddena visesita½, khayavayabhedasaªkh±te khaºikanirodheti attho. Sati santiµµhat²ti satis²sena ñ±ºam±ha. Etasmi½ µh±neti upakkilesavinimuttassa udayabbayañ±ºassa tikkhabh±v±pattiya½ vuttanayena udayampi muñcitv± vayasseva manasik±rak±le.
¾rammaºapaµisaªkh±ti r³pavedan±di-±rammaºa½ khayavayavaseneva paµisaªkh±ya. Yak±ralopena hi niddeso “saya½ abhiññ±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.28, 405) viya. Yath±vuttassa v± ±rammaºassa khayavayabhedavasena paµisaªkh± ±rammaºapaµisaªkh±. Bhaªg±nupassaneti yo tad±rammaºassa cittassa bhaªgo, tassa anupassane. Paññ±ti pak±rato j±nan±. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ id±neva sa½vaºº²yati.
742. Ya½ kiñci ±rammaºanti r³pa½ y±va jar±maraºanti vipassitabbabh±vena gahita½ sabba½ saªkh±ragatam±ha Paµisaªkh±na½ n±ma j±nana½, tañca bhaªg±nupassan±ya adhippetatt± bhaªgato dassanamev±ti ±ha “j±nitv± khayato vayato disv±ti attho”ti. Tassa ñ±ºass±ti sambandho.
R³p±rammaºameva r³p±rammaºat± yath± “devo eva devat±”ti imamattha½ dassetu½ “r³p±rammaºa½ cittan”ti vutta½. R³p±rammaºat±ti v± bhummatthe paccattavacananti dassento “atha v± r³p±rammaºabh±ve”ti ±ha. Aparena cittena bhaªga½ anupassat²ti vipassan±visaya½ bhaªg±nupassanam±ha. Evañhi bhaªg±nupassan± paguº± hoti, ±rammaºañcassa vibh³tatara½ hutv± upaµµh±ti. ѱtanti ±rammaºam±ha anupassan±vasena ñ±tatt±. ѱºanti anupassan±ñ±ºa½. Ubhopi vipassat²ti tadubhayampi khayato vayato vipassat²ti. Aya½ hettha saªkhepattho– r³passa y±va jar±maraºassa khayato vayato dassana½ ±rammaºapaµisaªkh±ta½, dassanakañ±ºassa khayato vayato dassana½ ±rammaºapaµisaªkh±ya bhaªgassa anupassananti ubhayattha paññ±. Purima½ v± tadabh±ve abh±vato pacchim±ya½ pakkhipitv± pacchim± eva paññ± vipassane ñ±ºanti.
Etth±ti “tassa cittassa…pe… bhaªga½ anupassat²”ti ettha. Anekehi ±k±reh²ti aniccato anupassan±d²hi anekehi ±k±rehi. Anu-saddo “bhiyyo”ti etasmi½ attheti ±ha “punappuna½ passat²”ti.
Idha saªkhatadhammo n±ma j±tijar±maraºapakatiko, tassa j±ti ±dikoµi, jar± majjhimakoµi, maraºa½ os±nakoµi. Tattha kiñc±pi upp±d±ditividhampi saªkhatalakkhaºat±ya aniccalakkhaºa½, tath±pi j±tijar±su diµµh±su na tath± aniccalakkhaºa½ p±kaµa½ hutv± upaµµh±ti yath± vayakkhaºeti ±ha “bhaªgo n±ma aniccat±ya param± koµ²”ti, uttam± koµi pariyos±nakoµ²ti attho. Yath± hi jar±dhamma½, maraºadhammameva ca j±yat²ti j±ti aniccat±ya ±di koµi, tath± j±tidhamma½, maraºadhammameva ca j²rat²ti jar± majjhim± koµi, j±tidhamma½, jar±dhammameva ca bhijjat²ti bhaªgo param± koµ²ti. Aniccato anupassat²ti na kal±pato sammasanto viya “anicca½ khayaµµhen±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.48) anum±navasena, n±pi ±raddhavipassako viya udayaggahaºapubbakavayadassanavasena, atha kho udayabbayañ±º±nubh±vena paccakkhato upaµµhitesu udayavayesu vuttanayena udaya½ muñcitv± bhaªgadassanavaseneva aniccato anupassati, eva½ anupassato panassa niccag±hassa lesopi natth²ti ±ha “no niccato”ti. Tath± hesa niccasañña½ pajahat²ti vuccati. Ettha ca “aniccato eva anupassat²”ti eva-k±ro luttaniddiµµhoti tena nivattitamattha½ dassetu½ “no niccato”ti vutta½. Na cettha dukkhato anupassan±dinivattanam±saªkitabba½ paµiyog²nivattanaparatt±, eva-k±rassa upari desan±ru¼hatt± ca t±sa½. Dukkhato anupassat²ti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
Aniccato t±va anupassan± bhaªg±nupassakassa yutt± “bhaªgo n±ma aniccat±ya param± koµ²”ti, dukkh±dito pana kathanti ±ha “aniccassa dukkhatt±”ti-±di. Etena ya½ anicca½, ta½ ekantato dukkha½ anatt±, tato ca na abhinandaniy±dir³pa½. Tasm± upari nibbattetabbato ñ±ºaparikammatthañca itar±sampi channa½ anupassan±na½ vasena anupassat²ti dasseti. Keci panettha “aniccato anupassati, no niccatoti-±din± visu½ dassanakicca½ natthi, bhaªgadassaneneva sabba½ diµµha½ hot²”ti vadanti, ta½ bhaªg±nupassan±ya matthakappattiya½ yutta½, tato pana pubbabh±ge anek±k±ravok±r± anupassan± icchitabb±va. Aññath± “aniccato anupassat²”ti-±dik± (paµi. ma. 1.51) p±¼i, “anekehi ±k±rehi punappuna½ passat²”ti ±gat± tass± aµµhakath± ca virodhit± siy±. Tadeva aniccato diµµhameva sabbasaªkh±ragata½.
Na ta½ abhinanditabbanti ta½ saªkh±ragata½ taºh±diµµh±bhinandanavasena “eta½ mama, eso me att±”ti na abhinanditabba½. Na tattha rañjitabbanti tattha saªkh±ragate rañjanavasena na pavattitabba½, k±mar±go, bhavar±go v± na pavattetabboti attho. R±ga½ nirodhet²ti r±ga½ vikkhambhananirodha½ p±peti, vikkhambhet²ti attho. Ten±ha “lokikeneva t±va ñ±ºen±”ti. Sati ca vikkhambhane katha½ samudayoti ±ha “no samudeti, samudaya½ na karot²”ti.
Eva½ virattoti eva½ bhaªg±nupassan±nus±rena viratto. Yath± diµµha½ sampati upaµµhita½ saªkh±ragata½ nirodheti nirodha½ manasi karoti, adiµµhampi at²t±n±gata½ anvayañ±ºavasena yath± ida½ etarahi, eva½ itarep²ti anuminanto nirodheti manasikatass±pi nirodha½ karoti. No samudet²ti etth±pi eseva nayo, no samudaya½ manasi karot²ti attho.
Eva½ paµipannoti eva½ vuttappak±rena anicc±nupassan±divasena paµipanno. Saddhi½ khandh±bhisaªkh±rehi kiles±na½ pariccajanatoti khandhehi, abhisaªkh±rehi ca saha kiles±na½ pajahanato. Kilese hi pajahanto tannimittakakamma½, tato nibbattanake khandhe ca pajahati n±ma. Saªkhatadosadassanen±ti saªkhatadhammesu aniccadukkhat±di-±d²navadassanena. Tabbipar²teti niccasukh±disabh±ve. Tanninnat±y±ti tadadhimuttat±ya. Paµinissaggasaddo paricc±gattho, pakkhandanattho c±ti paµinissaggassa duvidhat± vutt±. Tattha pakkhandana½ adhimuccana½. Yath±vutten±ti tadaªg±dippah±nappak±rena, tanninnappak±rena ca. Nibbattanavasen±ti upp±danavasena. Nibbattento hi kilese ±diyat²ti te anibbattento kilese na ±diyati n±ma. Adosadassit±vasen±ti dos±na½ adass±vibh±vena. Saªkhat±rammaºa½ ±diyat²ti yojan±. An±d²navadassit±ya hi saªkh±re ±diyat²ti ±d²navadassit±ya te na ±diyati na gaºh±ti.
743. Ass±ti yogino. Tehi ñ±ºeh²ti anicc±nupassan±diñ±ºehi. Tanti pah±na½. Niccasaññanti niccag±ha½, saññ±s²sena niddeso. Sukhasañña½ attasaññanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Sapp²tika½ taºhanti sa-uppil±vita½ abhipatthana½.
744. “Vatthusaªkaman±”ti ettha vipassan±ya pavattiµµh±nabh±vato r³p±di-±rammaºa½ “vatth³”ti adhippetanti dassento “r³pass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha saªkaman±ti vipassan±bh±vas±maññato ekattanayena vutta½ aññath± aññadeva r³pabhaªgavisaya½ ñ±ºa½, aññadeva tad±rammaºacittabhaªgavisayanti kuto saªkaman±. Paññ±vivaµµan±yapi eseva nayo. Paññ±y±ti udayabbayadassanavasena pavattam±n±ya vipassan±paññ±ya. Vayasseva gahaºavasena udayato vinivaµµan±. Ten±ha “udaya½ pah±ya vaye santiµµhan±”ti. “Anantarameva ±vajjanasamatthat±”ti imin± bhaªg±nupassan±ya paguºabalavabh±vam±ha.
745. Ubhoti diµµh±diµµhabh±vena dvepi ±rammaº±ni. Ekavavatthan±ti khaºabhaªgurat±ya sam±n±ti vavatth±pan±.
Sa½vijjam±namh²ti paccakkhato upalabbham±ne paccuppanne. Visuddhadassanoti bhaªgadassanassa paribandhavidhamanena visuddhañ±ºo, suvisuddhabhaªgadassanoti attho. Tadanvaya½ net²ti tassa paccuppannasaªkh±rabhaªgadassino ñ±ºassa anvaya½ anugatabh³ta½ ñ±ºa½ pavatteti. Kattha pana pavattet²ti ±ha “at²tan±gate”ti, at²te, an±gate ca saªkh±ragate. Sabbep²ti-±di tassa pavattan±k±radassana½.
Bhaªgasaªkh±te nirodhe, na nibb±nasaªkh±teti adhipp±yo. Es±ti y± ±rammaºanvayena ubho diµµh±diµµhe khaºabhaªgurat±ya ekabh±vena vavatth±pan±, es± vayalakkhaºe vipariº±malakkhaºe vipassan± bhaªg±nupassan±ti attho.
746. ¾rammaºañca paµisaªkh±ti-±di bhaªg±nupassan±ya duppaµivijjhatt± vuttassevatthassa da¼h²karaºa½. Tayida½ bhaªgadassana½ saªkh±r±na½ avasavattan±vabodhanena anattalakkhaºapaµivedh±y±ti ta½ dassento “suññato ca upaµµh±nan”ti ±ha. ¾rammaºassa hi bhaªg±rammaºacittassa ca bhaªgamanupassato visesato saªkh±r± suññ± hutv± upaµµhahanti. Ten±ha “tassevan”ti-±di.
Na catthi aññoti ettha imasmi½ loke añño khandhavinimutto att± n±ma koci natthi. Tesa½ khaya½ passat²ti tesa½ dhamm±na½ khaºe khaºe upaµµhahanta½ bhaªga½ passati. Yath±vutt±ya appam±dapaµipattiy± appamatto. Yath± ki½? Maºi½va vijjha½ vajirena yoniso yath± n±ma kusalo puriso up±yena maºi½ vijjhanto maºissa chiddameva passati manasi karoti na maºissa vaºº±di½, evameva saªkh±r±na½ nirantara½ bhaªgameva yoniso manasi karoti, na saªkh±reti adhipp±yo. Yath± v± vajirena maºi½ vijjhantassa viddhaµµh±na½ na puna ruhati, eva½ vajirasadisena bhaªg±nupassan±ñ±ºena bhaªge diµµhe na puna niccag±ho ruhati, eva½ bhaªgameva passat²ti attho.
Y± ca ±rammaºapaµisaªkh±ti “r³p±rammaºat± citta½ uppajjitv± bhijjati, ta½ ±rammaºa½ paµisaªkh±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.51) evam±gat± y± ca ±rammaºapaµisaªkh±, “tassa cittassa bhaªga½ anupassat²”ti eva½ vutt± y± ca bhaªg±nupassan±, “saªkh±r±va bhijjanti, tesa½ bhedo maraºa½, na añño koci atth²”ti eva½ vutta½ yañca suññato upaµµh±na½, aya½ eva½ tidh± vutt±pi adhipaññ±vipassan± n±m±ti attho.
747. Anicc±nupassan±d²s³ti aniccadukkh±natt±nupassan±su. Nibbid±d²s³ti nibbid±vir±ganirodhapaµinissagg±nupassan±su Tayo upaµµh±neti anicc±divasena tividhe upaµµh±ne. Khayato vayato upaµµh±nañhi aniccato upaµµh±na½, bhayato upaµµh±na½ dukkhato, suññato upaµµh±na½ anattatoti. Diµµh²s³ti diµµhinimitta½ na vedhati. T± hi asa½h²rat±ya na calati.
748. Dubbalabh±janassa viy±ti tinta-±mamattik±bh±janassa viya bhedameva passat²ti sambandho. Ettha ca dubbalabh±jan³pam± sarasabhidurat±dassanattha½, vippakiriyam±nasukhumaraj³pam± aññamañña½ asambandhat±dassanattha½, bhijjiyam±natil³pam± khaºe khaºe bhijjanakabh±vadassanatthanti daµµhabb±. Bhedamev±ti vin±sameva passati upp±d±d²na½ aggahaºato. Evamev±ti yath± udakabubbu¼ak±ni udakatal±dipaccaya½ paµicca uppann±ni na ciraµµhitik±ni s²gha½ s²gha½ bhijjanti, evameva sabbe r³p±r³padhamm± kamm±dipaccaya½ paµicca uppann± khaºaµµhitik± s²gha½ s²gha½ bhijjant²ti bhedameva passati. Turitaturitañhi nesa½ bhedadassanattha½ “bhijjanti bhijjant²”ti ±me¹itavacana½.
Mar²cipi ittarak±lik±va, nissayapabandhavasena pana ciratarupaµµh±nanti “yath± passe mar²cikan”ti vutta½, na ay±th±vupaµµh±natova. Lokanti khandhaloka½. Maccur±j± na passati arahatt±dhigamena punabbhav±bh±vato.
749. Bhavadiµµhippah±nanti sassatadiµµhiy± vikkhambhana½. Na hi nirantara½ bhaªgameva passato sassatadiµµhiy± avasaro atthi. Tato eva j²vite nir±layatt± j²vitanikantiparicc±go. Sad±ti sabbak±la½ rattindiva½. Bh±van±ya yuttappayuttat±. Icch±c±r±na½ d³r²bh±vato visuddh±j²vit±. Ussukkappah±na½ kicc±kiccesu aby±vaµat± tibbasa½vegatt±. Vigatabhayat± kutocipi nibbhayat± attasineh±bh±vato. Khantisoraccapaµil±bho aniccat±ya sudiµµhatt±. Pantasen±sanesu adhikusalesu ca aratiy±, k±maguºesu ratiy± ca sahanato abhibhavanato aratiratisahanat±.
Im±ni aµµhagguºamuttam±n²ti liªgavipall±sena vutta½. Ma-k±ro ca padasandhikaro, bhavadiµµhippah±n±dike ime aµµha uttam±nisa½seti attho. Tahinti tattha bhaªg±nupassan±yanti attho.

Bhaªg±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ niµµhita½.