Udayabbayañ±ºakath±vaººan±

723. Parato paµipad±ñ±ºadassanakath±ya½ abbh±divigamena ±k±sassa viya, paªkamalavigamena udakassa viya, k±¼ak±pagamena suvaººassa viya sa½kilesavigamena ñ±ºassa parisuddh²ti ±ha “niccasaññ±d²na½ pah±nena visuddhañ±ºo”ti. Anek±k±ravok±rasaªkh±resu lakkhaºattayasallakkhaºasammasanassa katatt± vutta½ “sammasanañ±ºassa p±ra½ gantv±”ti. Tattha sammasanañ±ºass±ti nayavipassan±saªkh±tassa kal±pasammasanañ±ºassa. Tasseva hi thirabh±v±ya itare sammasanavises±ti vadanti. Sammasanañ±ºass±ti v± kal±pasammasan±disammasanañ±ºassa. Anupadadhammavipassan±ya sadis± hi s±. T±ya hi diµµhi-uggh±µan±di sambhavat²ti. Vitth±rato bh±van±vidh±na½ parato vattuk±mo “saªkhepato t±va ±rabhat²”ti ±ha. Saªkhepato hi ±rambho ±dikammikassa sukaro. Tatr±ti saªkhepena ±rambhe.
Kathanti kathetukamyat±pucch±. Ya½ “paccuppann±na½…pe… udayabbay±nupassane ñ±ºan”ti vutta½, ta½ katha½ ñ±tabbanti ceti attho. Santatipaccuppanne, khaºapaccuppanne v± dhamme udayabbayadassan±bhiniveso k±tabbo, na at²t±n±gateti vutta½ “paccuppann±na½ dhamm±nan”ti. Udayadassanañcettha y±vadeva vayadassanatthanti vayadassanassa padh±nata½ dassetu½ “vipariº±m±nupassane paññ±”ti vatv± ta½ pana vayadassana½ udayadassanapubbakanti ±ha “udayabbay±nupassane ñ±ºan”ti.
J±tanti nibbatta½ paµiladdhattabh±va½. Aya½ hi j±tasaddo khaºattayasamaªgita½ sandh±ya vutto “ye dhamm± j±t± bh³t±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 1046) viya, na at²ta½
“Ye te j±t± na te santi, ye na j±t± tattheva te;
laddhattabh±v± no bhagg±, teva santi sabh±vato”ti.–

¾d²su viya, n±pi j±tat±matta½ “ya½ ta½ j±ta½ bh³ta½ saªkhatan”ti-±d²su viya. Ten±ha “j±ta½ r³pa½ paccuppannan”ti (d². ni. 2.207; sa½. ni. 5.379), paccuppannar³pa½ n±ma j±ta½ khaºattayapariy±pannanti attho. Ta½ pana ±dito duppariggahanti santatipaccuppannavasena vipassan±bhiniveso k±tabbo. Tass±ti r³passa. Paccayalakkhaºapapañca½ an±masitv± nibbattilakkhaºa½ udayoti nibbattanasaññita½ saªkhatalakkhaºa½ udayo upp±do. Vipariº±malakkhaºa½ vayoti vipariº±masaññita½ saªkhatalakkhaºa½ vayo vin±so. Anupassan±ñ±ºanti y± udayassa, vayassa ca anupekkhan±, ta½ ñ±ºa½. Kiñc±pi kal±pasammasan±d²su j±tijar±maraºas²sena j±tijar±maraºavanto dhamm± vutt±, idha pana udayabbayañ±ºaniddese “j±ti paccuppann±, tass± nibbattilakkhaºa½ udayo, vipariº±malakkhaºa½ vayo”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.49) vuccam±ne j±tijar±maraº±na½ j±tijar±maraºavantat±, nipphannat± ca anuññ±t± viya hot²ti ta½ pariharitu½ paµiccasamupp±daªgesu bhavapariyos±n±va desan± kat±.

Soti yog². Imin± p±¼inayen±ti im±ya “j±ta½ r³pa½ paccuppannan”ti-±din± dassit±ya p±¼igatiy±. J±tinti na pas³ti½, na ca paµham±bhinibbattimatta½, atha kho upp±da½ nibbattivik±ra½. Sv±ya½ vik±ro yasm± saªkh±r±na½ abhinav±vaµµh±najar± viya navabh±v±pagamoti ±ha “abhinav±k±ran”ti. Samanupassat²ti sambandho. Anuppannassa r±si v± nicayo v± natthi yato ±gaccheyya uppajjam±na½ aladdhattabh±vassa sabbena sabba½ avijjam±natt±. Ten±ha “uppajjam±na…pe… natth²”ti. Yath± an±gate addhani ime dhamm± sabbena sabba½ natthi, eva½ at²tepi addhan²ti dassento “nirujjham±nass±p²”ti-±di½ vatv± avijjam±n±na½yeva r³p±r³padhamm±na½ hetupaccayasamav±ye upp±do, uppajjitv± ca sabbaso abh±v³pagamoti imamattha½ samud±yagata½ tadekadesabh³t±ya upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “yath± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha r±sitoti r±sibh±vena samussito puñjo r±si. Yath± tath± piº¹ibh³to nicayo. Bh³miya½ nidahitv± µhapita½ nidh±na½. Upav²ºeti eten±ti upav²ºa½, v²º±v±dana½.
724. Eva½ saªkhepato udayabbayamanasik±ravidhi½ dassetv± id±ni vitth±rato dassetu½ “puna y±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha avijj±samuday±ti avijj±ya upp±d±, atthibh±v±ti attho. Nirodhavirodh²hi upp±do atthibh±vav±cakopi hot²ti vuttov±yamattho. Tasm± purimabhavasiddh±ya avijj±ya sati imasmi½ bhave r³passa upp±do hot²ti attho. Paccayasamudayaµµhen±ti paccayassa uppannabh±vena, atthibh±vatoti attho. Avijj±d²hi ca t²hi at²tak±lik±ni tesa½ sahak±r²k±raºabh³t±ni up±d±n±d²nipi gahit±nev±ti daµµhabba½.
Pavattipaccayesu kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa balavat±ya so eva gahito “±h±rasamuday±”ti. Tasmi½ pana gahite pavattipaccayat±s±maññena utucitt±nipi gahit±neva hont²ti catusamuµµh±nikar³passa paccayato udayadassana½ vibh±vitamev±ti daµµhabba½. Avijj±taºhupanissayasahiteneva kammun± r³pak±yassa nibbatti. Asati ca avijjupanissay±ya bhavanikantiy± j±tiy± asambhavo ev±ti. Yath± ca r³passa avijj±taºhupanissayat±, eva½ vedan±d²nampi daµµhabb±. ¾h±ro pana uppannassa r³passa posako, kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa adhippetatt±, k±madh±t±dhiµµh±natt± ca desan±ya. Ukka½saniddesena v± ±h±raggahaºa½. “Nibbattilakkhaºan”ti-±din± k±lavasena udayadassanam±ha. Tattha addh±navasena pageva udaya½ passitv± µhito idha santativasena disv± anukkamena khaºavasena passati. Pañca lakkhaº±n²ti avijj± taºh± kamma½ ±h±roti imesa½ paccay±na½ atthit±saªkh±talakkhaº±ni ceva r³passa nibbattilakkhaºañc±ti im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni. Tesa½ atthit± hi r³passa udayo lakkh²yati eteh²ti lakkhaº±n²ti vuccanti. Nibbatti pana saªkhatalakkhaºamev±ti.
Avijj±nirodh± r³panirodhoti aggamaggañ±ºena avijj±ya anupp±danirodhato an±gatassa r³passa anupp±danirodho hoti paccay±bh±ve abh±vato. Paccayanirodhaµµhen±ti avijj±saªkh±tassa an±gate uppajjanakar³papaccayassa niruddhabh±vena. Taºh±nirodh± kammanirodh±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. ¾h±ranirodh±ti pavattipaccayassa kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa abh±ve. R³panirodhoti ta½samuµµh±nar³passa abh±vo hoti. Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanay±nus±rena veditabba½. Vipariº±malakkhaºanti bhaªgak±lavasena tesa½ vayadassana½. Tasm± ta½ addh±vasena pageva passitv± µhito idha santativasena disv± anukkamena khaºavasena passati. Pañca lakkhaº±n²ti idha avijj±d²na½ catunna½ paccay±na½ anupp±danirodho, r³passa khaºanirodho c±ti im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni. Tesañhi anupp±danirodho, r³passa accantanirodho lakkh²yati eteh²ti lakkhaº±n²ti vuccanti.
Vipariº±mo saªkhatalakkhaºameva. Esa nayo vedan±kkhandh±d²su. Aya½ pana viseso– “phuµµho vedeti, phuµµho sañj±n±ti, phuµµho cetet²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.93), “phassapaccay± vedan±, cakkhusamphassaj± vedan±, saññ±, cetan±”ti, ca vacanato phasso vedan± (vibha. 231) saññ± saªkh±rakkhandh±na½ pavattipaccayo, ta½nirodh± ca tesa½ nirodho, mah±pad±na (d². ni. 2.60) mah±nid±nasuttesu, abhidhamme ca aññamaññapaccayav±re “n±mar³papaccay± viññ±ºan”ti (kath±. 719) vacanato n±mar³pa½ viññ±ºassa pavattipaccayo, ta½nirodh± tassa nirodhoti vutta½ “phassasamuday± vedan±samudayo”ti-±di.
Tassa yad± ñ±ºa½ tikkha½ visada½ hutv± pavattati, tad± r³p±r³padhamm± khaºe khaºe uppajjant±, bhijjant± ca hutv± upaµµhahanti. Tena vutta½ “evampi r³passa udayo”ti-±di. Tattha evampi r³passa udayoti eva½ vuttanayena avijj±samuday±pi. Taºh±…pe… kamma…pe… ±h±rasamuday±pi r³passa sambhavo. Evampi r³passa vayoti eva½ vuttanayeneva avijj±nirodh±pi taºh±…pe… ±h±ranirodh±pi r³passa vayo anupp±doti paccayato vitth±rena manasik±ra½ karoti Evampi r³pa½ udet²ti eva½ vuttanayena nibbattilakkhaºa½ passantopi kammasamuµµh±nar³pampi ±h±ra-utucittasamuµµh±nar³pampi udeti uppajjati nippajjat²ti. Eva½ vuttanayeneva vipariº±malakkhaºa½ passanto kammasamuµµh±nar³pampi ±h±ra-utucittasamuµµh±nar³pampi veti nirujjhat²ti khaºato vitth±rena manasik±ra½ karot²ti yojan±.
725. Eva½ manasi karoto na y±va udayabbayañ±ºa½ uppajjati, t±va udayabbay± suµµhu p±kaµ± na hont²ti katv± vutta½ “iti kirime dhamm±…pe… paµivent²”ti, nayadassanavasena v± eva½ vutta½. Paµhamañhi paccuppannadhamm±na½ udayabbaya½ disv± atha at²t±n±gate naya½ neti. Dukkh±disaccappabhed±, anulom±dipaµiccasamupp±dappabhed±, ekatt±dinayappabhed±, aniccat±dilakkhaºappabhed± ca saccapaµiccasamupp±danayalakkhaºappabhed±. Paµiccasamupp±daggahaºeneva cettha paµiccasamuppannadhamm±nampi gahaºa½, tesampi attano phala½ pati paµicca samupp±dabh±vato.
726. Yanti karaºe paccattavacana½, yena ñ±ºen±ti attha½ vadanti. Yanti v± kiriy±par±masana½. Khandh±na½ samudaya½ passati, khandh±na½ nirodha½ passat²ti ettha yadeta½ dassananti attho. Ya½ pan±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Ettha ca yath± avijj±disamudayanirodhato khandh±na½ samudayanirodhassa aññatt± “avijj±samuday± r³pasamudayo”ti-±divacanabhedo (paµi. ma. 1.50) kato, na eva½ nibbattivipariº±malakkhaºehi khandh±na½ udayabbayassa bhedo atthi abhinn±dhikaraºatt±ti “nibbattilakkhaºavipariº±malakkhaº±ni passanto khandh±na½ udayabbaya½ passat²”ti vacanabheda½ akatv± vutta½. Uppattikkhaºeyeva h²ti hi-saddo hetu-attho. Yasm± upp±dakkhaºeyeva nibbattilakkhaºa½, bhaªgakkhaºeyeva ca vipariº±malakkhaºa½, tasm± t±ni passanto khaºato khandh±na½ udayabbaye passati n±m±ti “ya½ pan±”ti-±din± vuttamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ karoti.
727. Iccassevanti ettha iti-saddo hetu-attho. Yasm± “avijj± samuday±”ti-±di paccayato khandh±na½ udayabbayadassana½, “nibbattilakkhaºan”ti-±di khaºato, tasm±ti attho. Ass±ti yogino. Evanti vuttappak±rapar±masana½. Ye pana “iccassa paccayato”ti paµhanti, tesa½ it²ti vuttappak±rapar±masana½. Janak±vabodhatoti khandh±na½ janakassa avijj±dipaccayassa avabujjhanato J±tidukkh±vabodhatoti j±tisaªkh±tassa dukkhassa avabujjhanato. Dukkhasacca½ p±kaµa½ hoti ekadesadassanena pabbatasamudd±didassanak±na½ viya. Maraºadukkh±vabodhatoti etth±pi eseva nayo. “Paccay±nupp±den±”ti etena paccay±na½ anupp±danirodho idha paccayanirodhoti dasseti. Paccayavatanti paccayato uppajjanak±na½. Yañcassa udayabbayadassananti ya½ assa yogino paccayato, khaºato ca udayabbay±na½ dassana½. Tattha asammoho, tappadh±no v± vitakk±didhammapuñjo maggo v±ya½ lokikoti niyy±n±nulomato lokiko maggo ev±ya½. Iti tasm± maggasacca½ p±kaµa½ hoti sabh±v±vabodhato. Ten±ha “tatra sammohavigh±tato”ti, tadaªgavasen±ti attho. Atha v± yath±vutto samm±diµµhisaªkh±to maggo ariyamaggassa up±yabh³to asammohasabh±vo att±nampi pak±seti pad²po viy±ti maggasacca½ p±kaµa½ hoti. Sv±ya½ p±kaµabh±vo mohandhak±ravidhamanen±ti ±ha “tatra sammohavigh±tato”ti.
728. “Avijj±paccay±”ti-±diko anulomo paµiccasamupp±do pavattiy± anulomanato. “Avijj±samuday±”ti-±din± avijj±d²su santes³ti ayamattho vuttoti ±ha “imasmi½ sati ida½ hot²ti avabodhato”ti. Pavattiy± vilomanato “avijj±yatveva asesavir±ganirodh±”ti-±diko paµilomo paµiccasamupp±do. Te ca saªkhat± paµiccasamuppann± “jar±maraºa½, bhikkhave, anicca½ saªkhata½ paµiccasamuppannan”ti-±divacanato (sa½. ni. 2.20). Paµiccasamuppannassa ca p±kaµat± paccay±k±rap±kaµat±ya eva “imasseta½ phalan”ti avabodhato.
729. Purimapurim±na½ nirodho uttaruttar±na½ upp±d±nubandhoti ayamattho paccayato udayadassanena sijjham±no ekattanay±dhigam±ya hoti. Yato “añño karoti, añño paµisa½vedayat²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 2.17) voh±rasiddhiy± ucchedadiµµhiy± anok±sat±. Ten±ha “hetuphalasambandhen±”ti-±di. Saªkh±r± khaºe khaºe uppajjant²ti ayamattho khaºato udayadassanena sijjham±no n±nattanay±dhigam±ya hoti. Yato paccayapaccayuppann±na½ sabh±vabhed±vabodhato “so karoti, so paµisa½vedayat²”ti-±dinayappavatt±ya sassatadiµµhiy± anok±sat±. Ten±ha “khaºato udayadassanen±”ti-±di. Paccayato udayabbayadassanena paccaye sati phalassa bh±vo, asati abh±voti imassa atthassa siddhiy± atthit±matteneva te dhamm± k±raºanti aby±p±ranayo p±kaµo hoti. Yato attadiµµhiy± anok±sat± vasavattit±ya alabbhaneyyato Tena vutta½ “dhamm±nan”ti-±di. Avasavattibh±vo par±yattat±, s± ca sappaccayat±ya veditabb±. Paccayato udayadassanena tehi tehi paccayehi ime dhamm± uppajjanti, uppajjam±n± ca paccay±nur³pameva uppajjant²ti hetuphalassa hetu-anur³pato siddhiy± akiriyadiµµhiy± anok±sat±v±ti ±ha “paccayato pan±”ti-±di. Sati k±raºe kuto akiriyav±do. Karot²ti hi k±raºa½.
730. Paccayato udaya½ passato paccaye sati sabh±ve sati phalassa sambhavoti atthit±mattena upak±rakat±ti saªkhat±na½ nir²hat±, asati ca abh±voti paccay±dh²navuttit± ca viññ±yam±n± attasuññata½ vibh±vet²ti ±ha “paccayato cassa…pe… t±vabodhato”ti. Aniccalakkhaºa½ p±kaµa½ hoti khaºato udayabbayadassanena saªkh±r±na½ udayabbayato paricchinnat±ya viññ±yam±natt±. Ten±ha “hutv± abh±v±vabodhato”ti. Uppajjitv± nirujjhanañhi hutv± abh±vo. Pubbant±parantaviveko at²t±n±gatabh±vasuññat±. Na hi saªkh±r± khaºattayato pubbe, pacch± ca vijjanti, tasm± pubbant±parantavivek±vabodhatoti ±di-antavantat±paµivedhatoti attho. Dukkhalakkhaºampi p±kaµa½ hoti udayabbayadassanen±ti sambandho. Uppajjitv± bhijjant± saªkh±r± upp±dato uddha½ jar±bhaªg±vatthantaruppattiy± nirantara½ vib±dh²yanteva. S± ca nesa½ vib±dhiyam±nat± samm± udayabbayadassanena vibh³t± hot²ti ±ha “dukkha…pe… bodhato”ti.
Sabh±valakkhaºamp²ti udayabbayadassanena na kevala½ aniccadukkhalakkhaºameva, atha kho pathav²phass±d²na½ kakkha¼aphusan±disaññita½ sabh±vasaªkh±ta½ lakkhaºampi p±kabh±vaviddha½ sabh±v±vacchinna½ p±kaµa½ hoti. Ten±ha “udayabbayaparicchinn±vabodhato”ti. Sabh±valakkhaºeti sabh±vasaññite lakkhaºe, ta½ta½dhamm±na½ salakkhaºe. Saªkhatalakkhaºassa t±vak±likattamp²ti upp±d±disaªkhatalakkhaºassa upp±dakkhaº±diparittak±likat±pi khaºantar±navaµµh±nato tassa. Ten±ha “udayakkhaºe”ti-±di. Udayavayamattaggahaºañcettha udayabbayadassanavaseneva imassa ñ±ºassa pavattanato, na µhitikkhaºassa abh±v±.
731. Na kevalañca niccanav±, atha kho parittak±laµµh±yino. Kathanti ±ha “s³riyuggamane”ti-±di. Tattha udake daº¹ena katalekh± udake daº¹ar±ji. Uss±vabindu±dayo pañca kicc±pi uttaruttari atiparittaµµh±yibh±vadassanattha½ nidassit±, tath±pi te dandhanirodh± eva nidassit±, tatopi lahutaranirodhatt± saªkh±r±na½. Tath± hi gamanass±d±na½ devaputt±na½ heµµhupariy±yena paµimukha½ dh±vant±na½ sirasi p±de ca bandhakhuradh±r± sannip±tatopi s²ghataro r³padhamm±na½ nirodho vutto, pageva ar³padhamm±na½. Na kevala½ niccanav±, n±pi parittak±laµµh±yinova, atha kho as±r±. Kathanti ±ha “m±y±”ti-±di. M±y±dayo hi maºi-±divasena dissam±n± ata½sabh±vat±ya as±r±. Tattha mantosadhabh±vit± indaj±l±dik± m±y±. Migataºhik± mar²ci. Supinameva supinanta½. Maº¹al±k±rena ±vijjhiyam±na½ al±tameva al±tacakka½. Gandhabbadevaputt±na½ k²¼anicch±vasena nagara½ viya ±k±se upaµµh±namatta½ gandhabbanagara½.
Ett±vat±ti yv±ya½ “j±ta½ r³pa½ paccuppannan”ti-±dip±¼inay±nus±rena (paµi. ma. 1.49), “ya½ kiñci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppannan”ti-±dip±¼inay±nus±rena (ma. ni. 1.347, 361; 2.113; 3.86, 89; paµi. ma. 1.48) v± y±va udayabbayapaµivedh± bh±van±vidhi ±raddho, ett±vat±. Kal±pasammasan±dikopi hi sabbo bh±van±vidhi udayabbayañ±ºupp±danasseva, na parisaparisar²rakarabandhoti. Vayadhammamev±ti bhijjanasabh±vameva. Vaya½ upeti attano dhammat±ya. Yañhi upakkamena vinassat²ti vuccati, tampi attano dhammat±ya eva vinassati ahetukatt± vin±sassa. Upakkamahetu pana visadisupp±do hoti. Imin± ±k±ren±ti “ya½ kiñci samudayadhamma½, sabba½ ta½ nirodhadhamman”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 16; paµi. ma. 2.30) hi vutta½, tasm± vaya½ an±lambitv±pi “vayadhammameva uppajjat²”ti udayassa, “uppannañca ida½ vaya½ upet²”ti vayassa ca imin± yath±vuttena paccakkhakaraº±k±rena. Adhun± uppanna½, na t±va balappattanti ±ha “taruºavipassan±ñ±ºan”ti. Kal±pasammasan±divasena pavatta½ sammasana½ na nippariy±yena vipassan±samañña½ labhati, udayabbay±nupassan±divasena pavattameva labhat²ti ±ha “yass±dhigam± ±raddhavipassakoti saªkha½ gacchat²”ti.