R³pasattakasammasanakath±vaººan±

706. R³pesu manasik±rasattaka½ r³pasattaka½, r³padhammesu sattah±k±rehi manasi k±rot²ti attho. Eva½ ar³pasattakampi veditabba½. Imehi ±k±reh²ti imehi ±d±nanikkhepanamanasik±r±dippak±rehi, imehi v± yath±vuttakoµµh±sehi. ¾ropetv±ti tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv±.
¾d±nanikkhepanatoti bhavassa gahaºavissajjanato, j±tito, maraºato c±ti attho. Vayovu¹¹hatthag±mitoti vayas± vu¹¹hassa atthag±mibh±vato, atthaªgamato icceva attho. ¾h±ratoti ±h±rahetu r³passa paccayabh³ta-±h±ratoti attho. Ayaloh±dibh³mip±s±º±dibheda½ vividhavaººasaºµh±na½ kamm±napekkha½ sabh±vasiddha½ r³pa½ dhammat±r³pa½. Satt±ti sattadh± sattah±k±rehi. Vipassat²ti ta½ ta½ koµµh±sa½ tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± vipassati sammasati.
“Bh±r±d±na½ dukha½ loke”ti vacanato khandhabh±rassa ±dito gahaºanti katv± “±d±nanti paµisandh²”ti ±ha. “Sabbeva nikkhipissanti, bh³t± loke samussayan”ti (d². ni. 2.220; sa½. ni. 1.186) pana vacanato khandhabh±ranikkhepoti katv± “nikkhepananti cut²”ti vutta½. “Yo cira½ j²vati, so vassasatan”ti (d². ni. 2.7; sa½. ni. 1.145-146; a. ni. 7.74) vacanato tato ³n±dhikabh±vo appam±ºanti vutta½ “eka½ vassasata½ paricchinditv±”ti. Etthantare sabbe saªkh±r±ti etasmi½ ±d±nanikkhepantare pavatt± sabbe bh³tup±d±yar³pappabhed± saªkh±r±. R³padhammesu hi ida½ sammasanavidh±nanti. “Anicc±”ti gahitamatta½ yuttito hadaye patiµµh±panattha½ “kasm±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha upp±davayavattitoti uppajjanavasena, nirujjhanavasena ca pavattanato, ahutv± sambhavato hutv± vay³pagamanatoti attho. Vipariº±matoti sant±nassa purimuttaravisadisabh±vatoti vadanti. Ta½ vassasataparicchinne r³pe ida½ sammasananti adhipp±yeneva vutta½ siy±, jar±maraºena vipariº±metabbatoti attho. Asatipi dhammabhede avatth±bhedo icchitabbo. Na hi upp±d±vatth± eva bhaªg±vatth±ti yutt±. Tath± hi vutta½ “jar±ya ceva maraºena c±ti dvedh± pariº±mapakatit±y±”ti. Sabh±vavigamo eva v± ettha vipariº±mo. Khaºikat± t±vak±likat±. Niccasabh±v±bh±vo eva niccapaµikkhepo. Aniccadhamm± hi teneva attano sabh±vena j±nant±na½ niccata½ paµikkhipanti n±ma. Yato na niccanti anicca½, upp±dakkhaºe yadavatth± saªkh±r±, na tadavatth± µhitikkhaºeti avatthantarappattiy± ñ±yati tesa½ kilaman±k±roti ±ha “µhitiya½ jar±ya kilamant²”ti, sv±yamattho p±kaµajar±ya veditabbo. Ye pana saªkh±r±na½ µhiti½ na sampaµicchanti, tattha vattabba½ heµµh± vuttameva. Dhamm±na½ sabh±vo n±ma duratikkamo jar±nantara½ bhaªgoti ±ha “jara½ patv± avassa½ bhijjant²”ti. Tasm±ti yasm± upp±dajar±bhaªgavasena saªkh±r±na½ nirantarab±dhat±, tato ca nesa½ dussahat±ya dukkhamat±, tissanna½ dukkhat±na½, sa½s±radukkhassa ca adhiµµh±nat±ya dukkhavatthut±, tasm±. Abhiºha…pe… dukkh±ti yojan±.
“Sukhapaµikkhepato”ti ida½ vuttanayameva. Ýhiti½ m± p±puºantu, uppajjam±n±k±reneva pavattant³ti adhipp±yo. “Uppann±”ti imin± upp±dakkhaºasamaªgit± vutt±. Ýh±nappatt± m± j²rant³ti kasm± vutta½, nanu atthato µhiti eva jar±ti? Saccameta½, jar±vasena pana yo kilamatho, so idha jar±ggahaºena gahitoti daµµhabba½. M± bhijjant³ti niccata½ ±s²sati. Kassaci dhammissarass±pi bhagavato vasavattibh±vo natthi. Na hi lakkhaºaññathatta½ kenaci k±tu½ sakk±. Bh±vaññathattameva hi iddhivisayo. Suññ± saªkh±r± tena t²su µh±nesu vasavattan±k±rena. Tasm±ti vuttak±raºapar±masana½. Suññatoti niv±s²k±rakavedaka-adhiµµh±yakavirahena tato suññato, na nissabh±vatoti ekaccaparikappitasabh±vasuññato. Ass±mikatoti s±mibh³tassa kassaci abh±vato. Etena anattaniyata½ dasseti. Avasavattitoti yath±vuttavasavattibh±v±bh±vato. Attapaµikkhepatoti paraparikappitassa attano paµikkhipanato. “Suññato”ti-±din± hi dhamm±na½ b±hirakaparikappita-attaviraho vutto, imin± pana ata½sabh±vato att± na hot²ti.
707. Ettha ca “upp±davayavattito”ti-±din± cat³hi k±raºehi anicc±, “abhiºhasampaµip²¼anato”ti-±din± cat³hi k±raºehi dukkh±, “suññato”ti-±din± cat³hi k±raºehi anatt±ti r³padhamme niru¼ha½ lakkhaºattaya½ pubbe attan± asallakkhita½ sallakkhetv± sammasanto ta½ tattha ±ropet²ti vuccati. Tath± pan±nena ±d±nanikkhepanavasena sammasitatt± ±ha “r³pe tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv±”ti.
Tattha ca yasm± aniccalakkhaºaggahaºapubbaka½ dukkhalakkhaºaggahaºa½, dukkhalakkhaºaggahaºapubbaka½ v± anattalakkhaºaggahaºa½. Aniccalakkhaºañcettha r³pabhedena dassiyam±na½ yatho¼±rikato d²petabbanti ta½ vassasataparicchedena paµhama½ dassentena vassasata½ µhitassa “dasa v± v²sati v±”ti-±din± vibhajitv± anukkamena y±va-uddharaº±dikoµµh±savasena r³passa bhaªga½ disv± tato “anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±”ti tilakkhaº±ropana½ vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamato sammasananti dassetu½ “tameva vassasatan”ti-±din± vayavasena r³passa sammasanavidhi ±raddho. Tattha yasm± o¼±rikavasenev±ya½ ±dito r³pabhedo gayhati, tasm± na vassasata½ samakoµµh±savasena vibhatta½, majjhim±vatth±ya v± tath±r³patt± majjhimavaye eka½ vassa½ va¹¹hita½.
708. Mandat±b±hullena pavatta½ vass±na½ dasaka½ mandadasaka½. Esa nayo sesesupi.
Tad±ti paµhame vassadasake. Soti puggalo. Capaloti anavaµµhitakiriyat±ya taralo. Tena mom³habh±vato viseseti. Na hesa navamadasake viya mom³habh±vena mando, atha kho capalat±y±ti. Ten±ha “kum±rako”ti. Tatiye dasake ma½sap±rip³riy± yath±raha½ chavivaººo vippas²dat²ti ±ha “vaºº±yatana½ vepulla½ p±puº±t²”ti. Catutthe dasake aµµh²na½, nh±r³nañca thirabh±vappattiy± balañca th±mo ca vepulla½ p±puº±ti. Pañcame dasake yobbanamadassa d³r²bh±vena yebhuyyena kilesatanut±ya paññ± yath±raha½ suvisad± hoti. Khi¹¹±ya rati khi¹¹±rati. Kapallik±dinissayavisesena pad²passa suddhat±di viya nissayavisesena pañcamachaµµhadasakesu paññ±ya buddhih±niyo veditabb±. Purato pabbh±ro hoti kaµisandhig²v±sandh²na½ vasena rassass±pi, pageva d²ghassa. Pabbh±roti ca garubh±vena palambako. Mom³ho hoti satipaññ±vippav±sato. Sayanabahulova hoti µh±n±divasena sar²rabh±ra½ vahitu½ asakkonto.
709. Tiººa½ tiººa½ vass±nanti yebhuyyat±ya vutta½. Catuvassikopi hi eko koµµh±so hot²ti. Dvisata½ koµµh±se katv± ekeka-ayanavasen±tipi veditabba½.
Vass±ne pavattar³panti sambandho.
Ta½ pana vass±na½ dvidh± samatta½, na pubbe viya catum±santi ±ha “dvem±san”ti. Accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½. So pana vass±no utu s±vaºapoµµhap±dam±s±, assayujakattikam±s± sarado, migasiraphussam±s± hemanto, m±ghaphaggunam±s± sisiro, cittaves±kham±s± vasanto, jeµµh±sa¼ham±s± gimho ut³ti veditabbo. Cha koµµh±se katv±ti dasadasan±µik±vasena cha koµµh±se katv±.
710. Abhimukha½ purato kamana½ abhikkamo. Paµinivattanavasena kamana½ paµikkamo. ¾mukha½ lokana½ ±lokana½. Vividha½ ito cito ca lokana½ vilokana½. Hatthap±d±na½ saªkucana½ samiñjana½. ¾yamana½ pas±raºa½.
P±duddharaºak±leti dutiyap±duddharaºak±le. P±dass±ti uddhaµap±dassa. Omatt±ti sattito h²nappam±º±. Ten±ha “mand±”ti. Itar±ti tejov±yodh±tuyo. Yath± p±dassa uddharaºa½ sijjhati, tath± pavattacittasamuµµh±nar³pesu eka½sato tejov±yodh±t³na½ adhimattat± icchitabb± sallahukasabh±vat±ya t±sa½. Tato eva ca itar±sa½ omattat± garusabh±vatt±. Ta½sambandhatt± pana sesa½ tisamuµµh±nar³pa½ taggatikameva hoti. K±yavac²viññattipavattiya½ v±yopathav²-adhimattat± imassa atthassa nidassananti daµµhabba½. Purato haraºe, pacchato haraºe ca uddharaºe viya sallahukasabh±var³pappavatt²ti t±sa½yeva dvinna½ dh±t³na½ adhimattat± icchitabb±ti ±ha “tath± atiharaºav²tiharaºes³”ti. Yath± uddharaº±d²su sallahukasabh±vatt± pacchim±na½ dvinna½ dh±t³na½ kicca½ adhika½ hoti, itar±sa½ h²na½, eva½ vossajjan±d²su t²su garusabh±vatt± purim±na½ dvinna½ kicca½ adhika½ hoti, itar±sa½ h²nanti dassento ±ha “vossajjane”ti-±di.
Tadup±d±yar³p±n²ti t± dh±tuyo niss±ya pavatta-up±d±r³p±ni. Etthev±ti uddharaºeyeva. Ten±ha “atiharaºa½ appatv±”ti. It²ti eva½. Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ tasmi½ uddharaº±dikoµµh±se. Pabba½ pabbanti-±di tesa½ dhamm±na½ koµµh±santarasaªkar±bh±vadassana½. Taµataµ±yant±ti taµataµ±yanti viya, tena nesa½ pavattikkhaºassa ittarata½ dasseti.
711. Ass±ti sammasanassa. D±rutiºukk±d²s³ti d±ru-ukk±tiºukk±d²su. “Ki½ andhab±la ekaghana½ satata½ sabbad±bh±vi½ ekanti maññas²”ti adhipp±yen±ha “kimettha man±pan”ti. Idamp²ti yadida½ telavaµµikkhayena pad²passa apaññ±yana½ vutta½, idampi. Aªgulaªgulantareti aªguliy± mita½ aªgulanti aªgulappam±ºe padeseti attho. Tantuno avayavalesabh³ta½ paramasukhumabh±vappatta½ a½su½ sandh±y±ha “a½su½ pana muñcitv±”ti.
Tatth±ti-±di upam±sa½sandana½. Tattha k±ma½ upameyye viya upam±ya½ p±kaµo k±labhedo natthi, ekakoµµh±sagata½ pana koµµh±santara½ na p±puº±t²ti ett±vat± upam±bh±vo veditabbo. Upam±yampi v± t±va y±v±ti k±lassa bhedamatt± labbhatev±ti tass± gahaºe k±labhedavasen±pi upam± yojetabb±.
712. Pubbe ±d±nanikkhep±divasena catusantatir³pa½ saªgharitv± dassita½, id±ni ±h±rasamuµµh±n±divasena bhinditv± dassento “tadeva r³pa½ visaªkharitv±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha visaªkharitv± vibhajitv±. “Visaªgharitv±”ti v± p±µho, ayamevattho. ¾h±ramayanti ±h±rena nibbatta½. Jhattanti mil±ta½. Kilantanti khinna½. Dh±tanti titta½. P²ºitanti ma½s³pacayasampattiy± p²ºita½. Tato eva mudu. Siniddhanti siniddhacchavit±ya saºha½. Tato eva phassavanta½.
713. Uºhak±le samuµµhita½ r³panti uºhasant±pena santatta½ r³pa½ sandh±y±ha. S²ta-utun±ti sapp±yena s²ta-utun±.
714. ¾yatanadv±ravasen±ti ±yatanasaªkh±tadv±ravasena. Kammadv±ranivattanattha½ ±yatanaggahaºa½. K±yadv±reti pas±dak±yadv±re. Manodv±ra½ n±ma s±vajjana½ bhavaªga½. Tassa nissayabh±vato hadayavatthu½ sandh±ya nissitavoh±rena “manodv±re”ti vutta½, yattha manodv±ruppatti.
715. Somanassitadomanassitavasen±ti somanassitadomanassitapuggalavasena, somanassitadomanassitak±lavasena v±.
Ayamatthoti aya½ id±ni vuccam±no saªkh±r±na½ ati-ittarakhaºat±saªkh±to attho.
J²vitanti j²vitindriya½. Sukhadukkh±ti sukhadukkhavedan±. Upekkh±pi hi sukhadukkh±su eva antogadh± iµµh±niµµhabh±vato. Attabh±voti j²vitavedan±viññ±º±ni µhapetv± avasiµµhadhamm± vutt±. Saññ±ti keci. Keval±ti attan± niccabh±vena v± avomiss±. Ekacittasam±yutt±ti ekekena cittena sahit±. Lahuso vattate khaºoti vuttanayena ekacittakkhaºikat±ya lahuko ati-ittaro j²vit±d²na½ khaºo vattati.
Cull±s²tisahass±ni kappanti catur±s²tisahassaparim±ºa½ kappa½, accantasa½yoge eta½ upayogavacana½. Kappanti ca s±maññavasena ekavacana½. Mar³ti dev±. Dv²hi cittehi samohit±ti eva½ ciraj²vinopi te dv²hi cittehi sahit± hutv± na tiµµhanti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti tesampi sant±ne j²vit±d²ni dv²hi cittehi saha na tiµµhanti, ekena cittena saha uppann±ni teneva saha nirujjhanato y±va dutiy± na tiµµhant²ti.
Ye niruddh± marantass±ti cavantassa sattassa cuticittena saddhi½ niruddh±ti vattabb± ye khandh±. Tiµµham±nassa v± idh±ti ye v± idha pavattiya½ tiµµhantassa dharantassa bhaªgappattiy± niruddhakkhandh±. Sabbepi sadis± te sabbepi ekasadis± atthaªgat± appaµisandhik± puna ±gantv± paµisandh±n±bh±vena vigat±. Yath± hi cutikkhandh± na nibbattanti, eva½ tato pubbepi khandh±. Tasm± ekacittakkhaºika½ satt±na½ j²vitanti adhipp±yo.
Anantar± ca ye bhagg±ti ye saªkh±r± anantarameva bhagg± niruddh±. Ye ca bhagg± an±gateti ye ca saªkh±r± an±gate bhagg± bhañjanas²l± bhijjissanti. Tadantar± niruddh±nanti tesa½ at²t±n±gat±na½ antar± vemajjhe paccuppannata½ patv± niruddh±na½ bhagg±na½. Vesama½ natthi lakkhaºeti tesa½ tividh±nampi bhaªgalakkhaºanimitta½ visamat± visadisat± natthi.
Anibbattena na j±toti anuppannena cittena j±to na hoti, aj±to n±ma hoti. Paccuppannena vattam±nena cittena j²vati j²vam±no n±ma hoti. Cittabhaªg± mato lokoti cuticittassa viya sabbassapi tassa tassa cittassa bhaªgappattiy± aya½ loko paramatthato mato n±ma hoti niruddhassa appaµisandhikatt±. Eva½ santepi paññatti paramatthiy± y±ya½ ta½ ta½ santa½ sanissaya½ citta½ up±d±ya “tisso j²vati, phusso j²vat²”ti eva½ vacanappavattiy± visayabh³t± sant±napaññatti, s± ettha paramatthiy± paramatthabh³t±. Tath± hi vadanti “n±magotta½ na j²rat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.76).
Anidh±nagat± bhagg±ti ye bhagg±, na te katthaci nidh±na½ gat±, atha kho abh±vameva gat±. Puñjo natthi an±gate yato ±gaccheyyu½ vattam±nabh±va½. Nibbatt± yep²ti ye paµiladdhattabh±v± paccuppann±, tepi ±ragge s±sap³pam± tiµµhanti. Yath± n±ma s³ciya½ µhit±ya½ s±sapo khitto tass± sikha½ phuµµhamatto vigacchati na tiµµhati, eva½ saªkh±r± uppajjitv± bhijjanti, na tesa½ avaµµh±na½ atth²ti.
Bhaªgo nesa½ purakkhatoti tesa½ nibbattadhamm±na½ bhaªgo n±ma purato eva kato, eka½sabh±v² na apasakkat²ti attho. Pur±ºeh²ti purimakehi at²tehi.
Adassanatoti apassitabbato. ¾yant²ti ±gacchanti. “Uppajjant²”ti imin±pi kutoci r±sito ±gaman±bh±vamev±ha. Bhagg± gacchantudassananti bhagg±pi katthaci upagaman±bh±vato sabbena sabba½ adassana½ abh±vameva gacchanti. Tattha nidassanam±ha “vijjupp±do…pe… vayanti c±”ti.
716. “Vivaµµakappato paµµh±ya uppajjanakar³pan”ti imin± sayameva uppajjanakadhammat±ya “dhammat±r³pan”ti anvatthan±mata½ dasseti. Ayaloh±d²su ayo n±ma k±¼aloha½. Loha½ n±ma j±tiloha½ vij±tiloha½ kittimaloha½ pis±calohanti catubbidha½. Tattha ayo rajata½ suvaººa½ tipu s²sa½ tambaloha½ vekantakalohanti im±ni satta j±tiloh±ni. N±gan±sikaloha½ vij±tiloha½. Ka½saloha½ vaµµaloha½ h±rak³µanti t²ºi kittimaloh±ni. Morakkhak±di pis±caloha½. Tattha tambaloha½ vekantakanti imehi dv²hi j±tilohehi saddhi½ sesa½ sabbampi idha “lohan”ti gahitanti. Tip³ti setatipu. S²santi k±¼atipu. Suvaººa½ ±karuppannarasaviddh±dibheda½. Mutt± s±muddikamutt±di. Maº²ti ve¼uriyalohitaªgamas±ragall±ni µhapetv± avaseso sabbo maºiviseso. Ve¼uriyo va½savaººamaºi. Saªkho s±muddikasaªkho. Sil±ti k±¼asil±paº¹usil±dibhed± sabb±pi ratanasammatasil±. Pav±¼a½ n±ma vaµµuma½ viddhama½. Lohitaªga½ rattamaºi. Mas±ragalla½ kabaramaºi. Bh³mi±dayo p±kaµ±va. Tadass±ti ta½ dhammat±r³pa½ assa yogino.
Taruºapallavavaººanti amb±d²na½ taruºapallavena sam±navaººa½. Sabh±gar³pasantatinti vaºº±din± sam±nabh±ga½ r³pasant±na½. Anuppabandh±payam±nanti hetuphalaparampar±ya sambandhanavasena pavattanti.
Soti yog². Tanti asokarukkhapaººa½. Pariggahetv±ti ñ±ºena paricchijja gahetv±. Imin± nayen±ti imin± asokapaººe vuttena nayena. Sabbampi ayaloh±dibheda½ dhammat±r³pa½. Tampi hi s²tak±le s²tala½, uºhak±le s³riyasant±pena uºhatara½ hoti. Tattha s²tabh±vena pavatta½ r³pa½ uºha½ uºhabh±vena pavatta½ r³pa½ s²ta½ na p±puº±ti. Tattha tattheva taµataµ±yanta½ bhijjat²ti-±din± yojetabba½.