Catt±r²s±k±ra-anupassan±kath±vaººan±

697. Soti yog±vacaro. Tass±ti yath±vuttabhedassa aniccat±disammasanassa. Thirabh±vatth±y±ti da¼habh±vatth±ya anicc±di-±k±rassa punappuna½ manasik±ro viya bahul²k±rabh±vato. Ya½ ta½ bhagavat± etassa vibhaªge anicc±disammasana½ vuttanti sambandho. Anulomikanti ariyamagg±dhigamassa anuk³la½. Khantinti ñ±ºakhanti½. ѱºañhi visayasabh±va½ og±hetv± vavatth±ne khamati sahat²ti khant²ti vuccati. Sammattaniy±manti ariyamagga½. So hi samm±diµµhi-±disammattañceva anivattidhammat±ya niy±mo c±ti vuccati. “¾din± nayen±”ti imin± “pañcakkhandhe dukkhato passanto anulomika½ khanti½ paµilabhati, khandh±na½ nirodho sukha½ nibb±nanti passanto sammattaniy±ma½ okkamat²”ti (paµi. ma. 3.38) evam±diko p±µhaseso rog±dipaµipakkhayojan±vasena vitth±retabbo. “Khandh±na½ nirodho nicca½ nibb±nan”ti vacanena saªkh±r±na½ dukkharogat±dipaµipakkho nibb±nassa sukh±rogy±dibh±vo “±din± nayen±”ti ettha nayaggahaºena d²pitoti. Avaseso sabbo p±µho pak±sito eva hot²ti.
K±mañceta½ catt±r²s±ya ±k±rehi sammasana½ anulomañ±ºe bh±vetabbavidh±na½. Ten±ha “anulomañ±ºa½ vibhajantena…pe… vuttan”ti, ito paµµh±ya pana kataparicayasseva kicc±vaha½ hot²ti idh±pi vuttant²ti daµµhabba½. Tass±p²ti na kevala½ kal±pasammasanasseva, atha kho yath±dassitassa catt±l²sappabhedassa anicc±disammasanassapi. Tañhi anulomikakhantipaµil±bh±ya, sammattaniy±mokkaman±ya ca sa½vattanato eka½sato icchitabba½. Vuttañhi–
“So vata, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kañci saªkh±ra½ niccato samanupassanto anulomik±ya khantiy± samann±gato bhavissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, anulomik±ya khantiy± asamann±gato sammattaniy±ma½ okkamissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, sammattaniy±ma½ anokkamam±no sot±pattiphala½ v±…pe… arahatta½ v± sacchikarissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. So vata, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sabbasaªkh±re aniccato samanupassanto”ti (a. ni. 6.98; paµi. ma. 3.36)–

¾di sukkapakkho vitth±retabbo. Tath± “so vata, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kañci saªkh±ra½ sukhato, dukkhato, kañci dhamma½ attato, anattato”ti (paµi. ma. 3.36) vitth±retabbo.

698. Ekeka½ khandha½ anicc±disammasanassa vasena sammasat²ti sambandho. Tassa pana sammasanassa pañcanna½ khandh±na½ s±dh±raºat±ya “ekeka½ khandhan”ti vutta½. Anaccantikat±y±ti accantikat±bh±vato, asassatat±y±ti attho. Sassatañhi accantika½ par±ya koµiy± abh±vato. ¾di-antavantat±y±ti pubb±parakoµivantat±ya, udayabbayadhammatoti attho. Aniccato sammasat²ti sambandho. Esa nayo sabbattha.
Aniccatoti ca addhuvato. Etañhi na nicca½, khaºikat±ya asad±bh±vit±ya v± na icca½ na upagantabbanti anicca½. Upp±davayapaµip²¼anat±y±ti upp±dena, vayena ca pati pati khaºe khaºe ta½samaªgino vib±dhanasabh±vatt±, tehi v± sayameva vib±dhetabbatt±. Udayabbayavanto hi dhamm± abhiºha½ tehi paµip²¼it± eva honti, y± p²¼an± “saªkh±radukkhat±”ti vuccati. Dukkhavatthut±y±ti tividhass±pi dukkhassa, sa½s±radukkhassa ca adhiµµh±nabh±vato. Paccayay±pan²yat±y±ti yath±raha½ paccayehi y±petabbat±ya. Rogam³lat±y±ti m³laby±dhi viya anubandhaby±dh²na½ m³labh±vato, padadvayen±pi y±pyarogasadisatoti dasseti. Y±pyaby±dhi hi rogo itaro ±b±dhoti. Dukkhat±s³layogit±y±ti tividhadukkhat±saªkh±tena rujjanena yujjat±ya. Kiles±sucipaggharaºat±y±ti yath±raham±rammaºavasena, samann±gamavasena ca r±g±dikiles±sucivissandanato. Ahutv± sambhavato uppattiy± uddhum±tat±.
Antotudanat±y±ti abbhantare tudanato. Dukkhavedan±dayo viya hi ime saªkh±r± attabh±vassa abbhantaragat± eva udayabbayavasena tudanti. Ariyamaggasaº¹±sena vin± n²haritu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya dunn²haraº²yat± taºh±diµµh±bhinivesada¼habh±vato. Aghanti p±pa½ viya ariyajanehi vigarahitabba½. Satt±na½ anatthajananato ava¹¹hi-±vaha½, p±passa ca vatthubh³ta½ khandhapañcakanti ±ha “vigaraha…pe… aghato”ti. Aseribh±vajanakat±y±ti paravasat±jananato. Yath± gil±no aññehi sa½vesanavuµµh±pan±din± parapaµibaddhasar²ravuttiko aser², evametepi aseribh±vajanak±. Avasat±y±ti avasavattanato. Yath± parosatanto puriso parassa vasa½ na gacchati, eva½ subhasukh±dibh±vena vase vattetu½ asakkuºeyyato. Avidheyyat±y±ti “m± j²ratha, m± m²yath±”ti-±din± vidh±tu½ asakkuºeyyato. Palujjanat±y±ti by±dhi-±d²hi pak±rehi chijjanato vinassanato. Tehi eva v± ±byasanato. Byasanattho hi lokasaddo, pasaddo bhusattho daµµhabbo. By±dhi-±d²hi ca khandh±na½ byasananti. Byasan±vahabh±vena et²ti ²ti, ±gantuk±na½ akusalapakkhiy±na½ byasanahet³na½ eta½ adhivacana½. Khandh± ca edis±ti ±ha “anekabyasan±vahat±ya ²tito”ti.
Upaddavat²ti upaddavo, anattha½ janento abhibhavati ajjhottharat²ti attho, r±jadaº¹±d²na½ eta½ adhivacana½. Khandh± ca edis±ti vutta½ “avidit±na½…pe… upaddavato”ti. Diµµhadhammikasampar±yikabhay±vahato, abhayapaµipakkhato ca khandh± bhayanti ±ha “sabbabhay±na½…pe… bhayato”ti. Bahiddh± ñ±tibyasan±d²hi, ajjhatta½ r±g±d²hi anatthehi upasajjanaµµhena, upasaggasadisat±ya ca upasaggo. Upasaggoti ca devat³pasa½h±ravasena pavatto by±dhi-±di-anattho. So atthak±mena muhuttampi na ajjhupekkhitabbo hoti. Tena vutta½ “anekehi…pe… upasaggato”ti. Dos³pasaµµhat±y±ti ±rammaºato, sampayogato ca r±g±didosehi upetat±ya. Lokadhamm± l±bh±dihetuk± anunayapaµigh±, tehi, by±dhi-±d²hi ca anavaµµhitat± pacalitat±.
Upakkamen±ti attano, parassa v± payogena. Sarasen±ti sabh±vena. Pabhaªgupagamanas²lat± bhidurat±. Sabb±vatthanip±tit±y±ti rukkhaphala½ viya atitaruºak±lato paµµh±ya sabb±su avatth±su nipatanas²lat±ya. Anipatassapi sabbena sabba½ as±rat±ya thirabh±vassa abh±vat±ya. Thirañhi dhuva½ n±ma hoti. T±yitu½ rakkhitu½ asamatthat±ya na t±yanoti at±yano, tabbh±vo at±yanat±. T±º±s²s±ya upagatassa alabbhaneyyakhemat±. Dukkhabh²tiy± upal²yan±dhipp±yena all²yitu½. Dukkhanivattana½ leºakicca½. J±ti-±dibhay±na½ hi½sana½ vidhamana½ bhayas±rakatta½. Yath±parikappiteh²ti paramatthato avijjam±nehi b±lehi parikappitappak±rehi. Rittat±y±ti vivittat±ya, virahitat±y±ti attho. Antos±r±bh±vo rittat±. S± eva ca tucchat±ti ±ha “rittat±yeva tucchato”ti. Appakatt±ti parittatt±, l±makatt± v±. Dhuvas±r±bh±v±d²hi saddhi½ attas±r±bh±va½ rittapadena vatv± nibbattitamattas±r±bh±vameva suññapadena dassetu½ “s±mi…pe… suññato”ti vutta½. Yath± kenaci s±mi-±dilakkhaºena attan± suññ± ete, eva½ sayampi ata½sabh±voti ±ha “sayañca…pe… anattato”ti. Na att±ti hi anatt±ti.
Pavattidukkhat±y±ti bhavapavattidukkhabh±vato. Bhavapavatti ca pañcanna½ khandh±na½ anicc±di-±k±rena pavattanameva, so ca ±d²navo. Yath±ha “ya½, bhikkhave, pañcup±d±nakkhandh± anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±. Aya½, bhikkhave, pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu ±d²navo”ti. Ten±ha “dukkhassa ca ±d²navat±y±”ti. ¾d²nanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso yath± “ekamantan”ti (d². ni. 1.165), ativiya kapaºanti attho. Bhusattho hi aya½ ±-k±ro. Yath± “dvidh± chiddaka½ vicchiddakan”ti ettha dvi-saddassa atthe vi-saddo, evamidh±p²ti ±ha “dvedh± pariº±mapakatit±ya vipariº±madhammato”ti. Vipariº±mo ca vipar²tasabh±v±patti. Dubbalat±y±ti sarasabhidurat±ya bal±bh±vato. Dubbalampi kiñci mudukammaññ±bh±vena duppadha½siy±. Ime pana supadha½siy± ev±ti ±ha “pheggu viya sukhabhañjan²yat±ya c±”ti. Aghassa p±passa hetut± aghahetut±. Khandhapaµibaddhameva hi sabba½ kibbisanti. Ime r³p±dayo sukhahetu, na dukkhahet³ti janitaviss±s±na½ hananas²lat±ya, khandhesu hi “eta½ mam±”ti g±havasena satt± byasana½ p±puºanti, viss±sa½ v± hanant²ti viss±sagh±tino, tabbh±vato.
Vigatabhavat±y±ti apagatava¹¹hit±ya. Vibhavataºh±, vibhavadiµµhi ca vibhavo uttarapadalopena, tato vibhavato, pitusadisassa v± sabh±vahetuno vibhavato vin±sato sambh³tat±ya. ¾sav±na½ ±rammaº±din± paccayabh±vo ±savapadaµµh±nat±. B²j±diko as±dh±raºo hetu, bh³tasalil±diko s±dh±raºo paccayo. Esa nayo ajjhattepi. Tehi samecca sambh³ya kato saªkhato. Maccum±rassa adhiµµh±nabh±vena, kilesam±rassa paccayabh±vena sa½va¹¹hanato ±misabh³tat±, khandh±pi khandh±na½ ±misabh³t± paccayabh±vena sa½va¹¹hanato, tadantogadh± abhisaªkh±r±. Devaputtam±rassa pana “mametan”ti adhim±navasena ±misabh±voti khandh±dim±r±nampi imesa½ yath±raha½ ±misabh³tat± vattabb±. Dhammasaddo “j±tidhamm±nan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.373; paµi. ma. 1.33) viya pakati-attho “dhammapaµisambhid±”ti-±d²su (vibha. 718 ±dayo) viya hetu-attho c±ti ±ha “j±tijar±by±dhimaraºapakatit±ya, sokaparideva-up±y±sahetut±y±”ti. Sa½kilesattayaggahaºena tadekaµµh±na½ dasanna½ kilesavatth³nampi saªgaho daµµhabbo. Tad±rammaº±pi hi dhamm± tadanativattanato sa½kilesik± eva. Tath± khudd±, taºh±, jaµ±d²su sar²rassa, sa½kilesassa ca saªgaho daµµhabbo.
Catt±r²s±pi sammasan±ni t²su anupassan±su antogadh±nev±ti tadantogadhabh±va½ dassetu½ “ettha h²”ti-±di vutta½. Anicc±nupassan±ni sar³pato pariy±yato ca aniccabh±vavibh±vanato. Esa nayo itaresupi. “As±rakato”ti ida½ niccas±r±bh±vavibh±vana½.
Ett±vat± kal±pato dhamme saªgahetv± nayato sammasanamatta½ dassita½, na t±va anupadadhammavipassan± vihit±ti “sammasan±rambhavidh±nan”ti. Vutta½.