Pavatti½ disv±ti etarahi pavatti½ disv±. Evanti imin± na kevala½ sappaccayat±mattameva pacc±maµµha½, atha kho y±disehi paccayehi etarahi pavattati, t±disehi avijj±dipaccayeheva at²tepi pavattitth±ti paccayasadisat±pi pacc±maµµh±ti daµµhabba½.
680. Pubbantanti at²ta½ khandhappabandhakoµµh±sa½. ¾rabbh±ti uddissa. Ahosi½ nu kho, na nu kho ahosinti sassat±k±ra½, adhiccasamuppatti-±k±rañca niss±ya at²te attano vijjam±nata½, avijjam±natañca kaªkhati. Ki½ nu kho ahosinti j±tiliªg³papattiyo niss±ya “khattiyo nu kho ahosi½, br±hmaº±d²su gahaµµh±d²su dev±d²su aññataro nu kho”ti kaªkhati. Katha½ nu khoti saºµh±n±k±ra½ niss±ya “d²gho nu kho ahosi½, rassa-od±tak±¼apam±ºika-appam±ºik±d²nampi aññataro”ti kaªkhati. Issaranimm±n±di½ niss±ya “kena nu kho pak±rena ahosin”ti nibbatt±k±rato kaªkhat²ti ca vadanti. Ki½ hutv± ki½ ahosinti j±ti-±di½ niss±ya “khattiyo hutv± nu kho br±hmaºo ahosi½…pe… devo hutv± nu kho manusso ahosin”ti attano apar±paruppatti½ kaªkhati. Sabbattheva ca addh±nanti k±l±dhivacana½. Bhaviss±mi nu khoti sassat±k±ra½, ucched±k±rañca niss±ya an±gate attano vijjam±nata½, avijjam±natañca kaªkhati. Sesamettha vuttanayameva. Etarahi v± pana paccuppanna½ addh±nanti id±ni v± paµisandhim±di½ katv± cutipariyanta½ sabbampi vattam±nak±la½. Ajjhatta½ katha½kath² hot²ti attano khandhesu vicikicch± hoti. Aha½ nu khosm²ti attano atthibh±va½ kaªkhati. Ayutta½ panetanti. Yutta½ ayuttanti k± ettha cint±. Ummattako viya hi b±laputhujjano. No nu khosm²ti attano natthibh±va½ kaªkhati. Ki½ nu khosm²ti khattiyova sam±no attano khattiyabh±va½ kaªkhati. Esa nayo sesesu. Katha½ nu khosminti vuttanayameva. Kevalañhettha “abbhantare j²vo n±ma atth²”ti gahetv± tassa d²gh±dibh±va½ kaªkhanto “katha½ nu khosmin”ti kaªkhat²ti veditabbo. Paccuppanna½ pana attano sar²rasaºµh±na½ aj±nanto n±ma natthi. Kuto ±gato, so kuhi½ g±m² bhavissat²ti attabh±vassa ±gatigatiµµh±na½ kaªkhati. S± sabb±pi pah²yat²ti s± yath±vutt± so¼asavidh±pi vicikicch± vikkhambhanavasena pah²yati.
681. Kusal±dibhedato sabbappak±rass±pi n±massa s±dh±raºo paccayoti, tato pavattito manasik±r±diko kusal±dibhedato sabbappak±rass±pi n±massa as±dh±raºo paccayoti ca yojetabba½. Kusal±dibhedatoti kusal±kusalavip±kakiriyabhedato. Tass±pi somanassasahagat±di-aññatarabhedavasena sabbappak±rass±pi. Ya½ ekantato chadv±rika½, tampi chadv±raggahaºeneva gahita½ yath± chaµµh±rammaºa½ cha¼±rammaºaggahaºen±tipi vutta½ “sabbappak±rass±p²”ti. Tatoti cakkhur³p±dito. Manasik±r±dikoti yonisomanasik±ra-ayonisomanasik±r±diko kammabhavaªg±diko ca. K±mañcettha dv±racchakkayonisomanasik±r±divasena n±masseva s±dh±raºo, as±dh±raºo ca paccayo vutto, ta½ pana avisesavasena vutta½. Visesato pana kamma½ vip±kan±massa, kammasamuµµh±nar³p±nañca citta½ cetasikan±massa, cittasamuµµh±nar³p±nañca s±dh±raºo paccayo, yath±vuttasseva ca n±massa, r³passa ca tadaññan±mar³p±pekkh±ya as±dh±raºo paccayo. Tath± sabh±go, utusabh±go ca ±h±ro ta½samuµµh±nar³p±na½ s±dh±raºo paccayo, tadaññ±pekkh±ya as±dh±raºoti r³pass±pi s±dh±raºo, as±dh±raºo ca paccayo yath±raha½ niddh±retabbo. Paccayapariggaho n±ma anadhigat±rahattena k±tabboti tadapekkh±ya “yonisomanasik±rasaddhammassavan±diko kusalassev±”ti vutta½. ¾di-saddena sappuris³panissayassa, catunnampi v± sampatticakk±na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Vipar²to akusalass±ti vacanato yath± yonisomanasik±r±divipar²to akusalasseva paccayo, tath± yonisomanasik±r±di kusalasseva paccayo hot²ti attho. Yassa v± kusala½ sambhavati, akusala½ sambhavati, kusal±kusal±ni v±, tass±ti atthasiddhameta½. Kamm±dikoti ±di-saddena avijj±dayo viya gatik±l±dayopi saªgahit±ti daµµhabb±. Bhavaªg±dikoti bhavaªgasant²raºaparittakiriy±rahatt±diko. Tattha bhavaªga½ pañcadv±ramanodv±r±vajjanakiriy±na½, sant²raºa½ voµµhabbanassa, parittakiriy± yath±raha½ parittamahaggatakiriy±na½, arahatta½ ±vajjanavajj±na½ sabbakiriy±na½ paccayoti veditabba½.
Kammanti cetan±va adhippet±, s± ca kho kusal±kusal±. Vuttañheta½ “kusal±kusalacetan± vip±k±na½ khandh±na½, kaµatt± ca r³p±na½ kammapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.427). Na citta½ viya sasampayutt±. Cittañhettha sasampayutta½ adhippeta½ “het³ hetusampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½, ta½samuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ hetupaccayena paccayo”ti-±divacanato (paµµh±. 1.1.1). Tatth±ti tesu kamm±d²su r³pajanakapaccayesu. At²tato eva kammato phala½ uppajjati, na vattam±natoti vutta½ “kamma½ at²tameva kammasamuµµh±nassa r³passa paccayo”ti. Yadi hi paccuppannato kammato phala½ uppajjeyya, ±y³hanakkhaºe eva phalena uppajjitabba½ bhaveyya, na ca ta½ diµµhamicchita½ v±. Na hi loke kud±cana½ kariyam±nameva kamma½ phala½ denta½ diµµha½, tath±r³po v± ±gamo atth²ti. Nanu ca idamapi na diµµha½, ya½ vinaµµhato hetuto phala½ uppajjam±na½, mato v± kukkuµo vassantoti? Saccamadiµµha½ r³padhamm±na½ pabandhavicchede, ida½ pana ar³pa½ pabandhopi atth²ti upam± na sa½sandati. Kammato hi at²tato eva kammassa katatt±, upacitatt± ca phala½ uppajjati. Vuttañheta½ “k±m±vacarassa kusalassa kammassa katatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ uppanna½ hot²”ti-±di (dha. sa. 431). Yasm± anantar±dipaccayal±bhato upp±dakkhaºe eva cittassa balavat±, tasm± ta½ uppajjam±nameva r³pa½ janet²ti ±ha “citta½ cittasamuµµh±nassa uppajjam±nan”ti. R³passa paccayo hot²ti sambandho. Yasm± pana r³passa µhitikkhaºe balavat± pacch±j±t±dipaccayal±bhato, tasm± vutta½ “utu-±h±r±…pe… hont²”ti, b±hira½ utu½, ±h±rañca paccaya½ labhitv± attano µhitikkhaºe utu-±h±r± r³pa½ janent²ti attho.
Evanti “s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºavasen±”ti-±din± vuttappak±rena.
682. Saªkh±r±nanti saªkhatasaªkh±r±na½. Bhaªganti maraºa½. Jar±maraºa½ n±ma j±tiy± sat²ti-±di phaladassan±nupubbiy± hetudassanakkamena n±mar³passa paccayapariggaho sukaroti katv± dassito. Tattha bhave sat²ti kammabhave sati.
683. Pubbe vitth±retv± dassita-anulomapaµiccasamupp±davasen±ti pariyos±nato paµµh±ya paµilomanayena ±dip±panavasena vitth±retv± dassita-anulomapaµiccasamupp±davasena. “Asati j±tiy± natthi jar±maraºan”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 2.4) hi paµilomavasena dassite paccay±k±re “yassa abh±v± yassa abh±vo, so tassa paccayo”ti byatirekato, anvayato ca n±mar³passa paccayapariggaho sukaroti.
684. Purimakammabhavasmi½ mohoti-±di vuttatthameva. Kammasah±yatt± kilesavaµµa½ kammavaµµe pakkhitv± vutta½ “kammavaµµavip±kavaµµavasen±”ti.
685. Diµµhadhammo vuccati paccakkhabh³to paccuppanno attabh±vo, tattha veditabbaphala½ kamma½ diµµhadhammavedan²ya½. Paccuppannabhavato anantara½ veditabbaphala½ kamma½ upapajjavedan²ya½. Apar±pariy±yeti diµµhadhamm±nantar±n±gatato aññasmi½ attabh±vapariy±ye attabh±vaparivatte. Ahosikammanti ahosi eva kamma½, na tassa vip±ko ahosi, “atthi, bhavissati v±”ti eva½ vattabbakamma½. Paµipakkhehi anabhibh³tat±ya, paccayavisesena paµiladdhavisesat±ya ca balavabh±va½ patt± t±disassa pubb±bhisaªkh±rassa vasena s±tisay± hutv± pavatt± paµhamajavanacetan± tasmi½yeva attabh±ve phalad±yin² diµµhadhammavedan²y± n±ma. S± hi vutt±k±rena balavati javanasant±ne guºavisesayuttesu upak±r±pak±ravasappavattiy±, ±sevan±l±bhena appavip±kat±ya ca paµhamajavanacetan± itaradvaya½ viya pavattasant±nuparam±pekkha½, ok±sal±bh±pekkhañca kamma½ na hot²ti idheva pupphamatta½ viya pavattivip±kamatta½ phala½ deti. Tath± asakkontanti kammassa vip±kad±na½ n±ma upadhipayog±dipaccayantarasamav±yeneva hot²ti tadabh±vato tasmi½yeva attabh±ve vip±ka½ d±tu½ asakkonta½. Atthas±dhik±ti d±n±dip±º±tip±t±di-atthassa nipph±dik±. K± pana s±ti ±ha “sattamajavanacetan±”ti. S± hi sanniµµh±pakacetan± vuttanayena paµiladdhavises±, purimajavanacetan±hi laddh±sevan± ca sam±n± anantarattabh±ve vip±kad±yin² upapajjavedan²yakamma½ n±ma. “Sati sa½s±rappavattiy±”ti imin± asati sa½s±rappavattiya½ ahosikammapakkhe tiµµhati vipaccanok±sassa abh±vatoti d²peti.
686. Ya½ garukanti ya½ akusala½ mah±s±vajja½, kusala½ mah±nubh±va½ kamma½. Ya½ bahulanti ya½ bahula½ abhiºhaso kata½ sam±sevita½. Maraºak±le anussaritanti paribyattabh±vena maraºassa ±sannak±le anussarita½. ¾sannak±le kate vattabbameva natth²ti hi vutta½. “Punappuna½ laddh±sevanan”ti imin± “ya½ bahulan”ti vuttakammato viseseti. Tath± diµµhadhammavedan²ya½ nivatteti paµisandhi-±ka¹¹han±nuj±nanato. Paµisandhijanakavasena hi garuk±dikammacatukka½ vutta½.
Tattha garuka½ sabbapaµhama½ vipaccati. Tath± hi ta½ garukanti vutta½. Garuke asati bahul²kata½, tasmi½ asati ±sanna½, tasmimpi asati “kaµatt± v± pan±”ti vutta½ purimaj±t²su katakamma½ vipaccati. Bahul±sannapubbakatesu ca bal±bala½ v± j±nitabba½, p±pato p±pantara½, kaly±ºañca, kaly±ºato ca kaly±ºantara½, p±pañca, bahul²katato ca mahato ca pubbakat±di, appañca. Bahul±nussaraºena vippaµis±r±dijananato paµipakkhassa aparipuººat±ya ±raddhavip±kassa kammassa, kammasesassa v± apar±pariy±ye vedan²yassa aparikkh²ºat±ya santatiy± pariº±mavisesatoti tehi tehi k±raºehi ±hitabala½ paµhama½ vipaccati. Mah±n±radakassapaj±take videharañño sen±pati al±to, b²jako d±so, r±jakaññ± ruc± ca ettha nidassana½. Tath± hi vutta½ bhagavat±–
“Tatr±nanda yv±ya½ puggalo idha p±º±tip±t²…pe… micch±diµµhi k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjati. Pubbe v±ssa ta½ kata½ hoti p±pakamma½ dukkhavedan²ya½, pacch± v±ssa ta½ kata½ hoti p±pakamma½ dukkhavedan²ya½ maraºak±le v±ssa hoti micch±diµµhi samatt± sam±dinn±, tena so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjati. Yañca kho so idha p±º±tip±t² hoti…pe… micch±diµµhi hoti, tassa diµµhe v± dhamme vip±ka½ paµisa½vedeti upapajja v± apare v± pariy±ye.
“Tatr±nanda, yv±ya½ puggalo idha p±º±tip±t²…pe… micch±diµµhi k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjati. Pubbe v±ssa ta½ kata½ hoti kaly±ºakamma½ sukhavedan²ya½, pacch± v±ssa ta½ kata½ hoti kaly±ºakamma½ sukhavedan²ya½, maraºak±le v±ssa hoti samm±diµµhi samatt± sam±dinn±, tena so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjati. Yañca kho so idha p±º±tip±t² hoti…pe… micch±diµµhi hoti, tassa diµµhe v± dhamme vip±ka½ paµisa½vedeti upapajja v± apare v± pariy±ye.