Upam±hin±mar³pavibh±van±kath±vaººan±

673. Eken±k±rena saºµhites³ti yena pak±rena akkh±d²su sanniviµµhesu rathasamaññ±, tena ekena ±k±rena samavaµµhitesu ekajjha½ r±sikatesu Evamevanti sannivesavisiµµhe avayavasamud±ye sant±navasena pavattam±ne yath± “ratho geha½ muµµhi v²º± sen± nagara½ rukkho”ti voh±ramatta½, paramatthato pana rath±di n±ma kiñci natthi, evameva½. Up±d±nakkhandhes³ti up±d±nakkhandhasaññitesu r³p±r³padhammesu samuditesu sant±navasena pavattam±nesu “satto j²vo”ti voh±ramatta½, paramatthato pana satto v± j²vo v± natth²ti y±th±vato j±nana½. Ida½ yath±bh³tadassana½ “diµµhivisuddh²”ti vuccati.
674. Tass±ti sattoti gahitassa attano. Vin±santi niruddhassa vin±sa½. Avin±santi avinassana½, niccatanti attho. Dvayavaseneva hi attav±dino µhit±, sassato att±, ucchijjat²ti v±, ekaccasassatav±dopi ettheva samavaruddhoti. Avin±sa½ anuj±nantoti buddhi-±d²na½ dhamm±na½ vin±sa½ icchantopi “dhamm² nicco k³µaµµho”ti attano vin±s±bh±va½ anuj±nanto. Sassateti sassatag±he. Patati katavin±sa-akatabbh±gam±didosappasaªgatoti adhipp±yo. Kh²ranvayass±ti kh²rassa anvayabh³tassa, phalabh³tass±ti attho. Tadanvayass±ti tassa attano anvayabh³tassa aññassa kassaci abh±vato. Ol²yati n±m±ti “sassato att±”ti abhinivesena bhav±bhirato hutv± bhavanirodhato saªkocana½ ±pajjanto bhaveyeva nil²yati n±ma. Atidh±vati n±m±ti tattha tattheva hi bhave att± ucchijjat²ti ucchedav±d² “ucchijjati att±”ti gaºhanto para½ maraº± santa½ bhava½ “natth²”ti atikkamanto atidh±vati n±m±ti vadanti. Kilesanirodhe pana kammassa avipaccanato bhavanirodhe icchitabbe tath± aggahetv± “ta½ ta½ bhavavisesa½ ±gamma att± ucchijjat²ti eva½ bhavanirodho hot²”ti gaºhanto ta½ atidh±vati n±ma.
Pariyuµµhit±ti abhibh³t±. Cakkhumantoti yath±bh³tadassanasaªkh±tena ñ±ºacakkhun± cakkhumanto.
K±mabhav±dibhedo bhavo ±ramitabbaµµhena ±r±mo etesanti bhav±r±m±. Tasmi½ bhave rat± abhirat±ti bhavarat±. Bhave sammoda½ ±pann±ti bhavasammudit±. T²hipi padehi bhavass±dagadhitat±va vutt±. Citta½ na pakkhandat²ti bhavass±dagadhitatt± eva bhavanirodh±vahe dhamme citta½ na anuppavisati. Nappas²dat²ti na okappati. Na santiµµhat²ti na patiµµhahati. N±dhimuccat²ti na adhimuccati.
Aµµ²yam±n±ti dukkh±piyam±n±. Har±yam±n±ti lajjam±n±. Jiguccham±n±ti h²¼ent±. Vibhavanti uccheda½. Abhinandant²ti vutta-abhinandan±k±radassana½ “yato kira bho”ti-±di.
Bh³tanti khandhapañcaka½. Tañhi yath±saka½ paccayehi j±tatt±, paramatthato vijjam±natt± ca bh³tanti vuccati. Bh³tatoti yath±bh³tasabh±vato, salakkhaºato, s±maññalakkhaºato ca.
675. Eva½ sattag±hato aval²yan±tidh±vanadose, yath±bh³tadassanato nibbid±diguºe ca suttavaseneva dassetv± id±ni n±mar³pamattepi gaman±di-attakiccasiddhi½ dassetu½ “tasm±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tasm±ti yasm± “asm²”ti v± “ahan”ti v± g±hassa vatthubh³to satto n±ma natthi, paramatthato n±mar³pamattameva, tasm±. Sace koci att± n±ma natthi, kathamidha n±mar³pamatte gaman±di-attakiccasiddh²ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “d±ruyantan”ti-±di. “Kh±yat²”ti etena yath± nijj²ve d±rumayayante abbhantare vattam±nassa j²vassa vasena sa-²hassa saby±p±rassa viya upaµµh±namatta½ paccayavisesato, eva½ nijj²ve n±mar³pamatte paccayavisesato gaman±di-attakiccasiddh²ti sa-²hassa saby±p±rassa viya upaµµh±nanti dasseti.
Saccatoti bh³tato, paramatthatoti attho. Suñña½ j²vena yantamiva abhisaªkhata½ paccayavasena pavatt²ti adhipp±yo. Dukkhassa puñjo nicc±turat±ya tiºakaµµhasadiso attasuññat±y±ti attho. Eta½ n±mar³pa½.
Yamakanti yuga¼aka½. So ca kho yamakabh±vo aññamaññasannissitabh±ven±ti ±ha “ubho aññoññanissit±”ti. Tato eva ca ekasmi½ bhijjam±nasmi½ ubho bhijjanti. Na hi kad±ci pañcavok±rabhave r³pe nirujjhante ar³pa½ anirujjhanta½, ar³pe v± nirujjhante r³pa½ anirujjhanta½ atthi. Sv±ya½ bhaªgo paccay± paccayanirodheneva, n±mar³panirodhoti attho. Paccay±ti v± paccayabh³t±, aññamaññassa paccay± hont±pi ubho bhijjantiyev±ti attho.
676. Daº¹±bhihatanti visesanena daº¹a½, daº¹±bhigh±tassa paccaya½ purisav±y±mañca dasseti, bheriy± pana visesitabbat± saddassa as±dh±raºak±raºat±ya. Teneva hi “aññ± bher²”ti bher²yeva gahit±, na daº¹±dayo. Adissam±nar³pat±ya sadda½ n±maµµh±niya½ katv± “evamevan”ti-±din± upam±sa½sandana½ karoti.
Na cakkhuto j±yareti na cakkh±yatanato niggacchanavasena j±yanti. Na hi cakkh±yatanassa paccayabh±v³pagamanato pubbe phassapañcamak± labbhanti, na ca padesavanto, yena te tato niggaccheyyu½. Tenev±ha “puñjo natthi an±gate”ti (mah±ni. 10). Na r³patoti etth±pi eseva nayo. “No ca ubhinnamantar±”ti ida½ pana tesa½ ar³padhammatt± appadesat±ya vutta½. Kevala½ pana yasmi½ khaºe paccayasamav±yo, tad± uppajjanamattamev±ti ±ha “hetu½ paµicca pabhavanti saªkhat±”ti, cakkhur³p±lokamanasik±r±dibheda½ dhammaj±ta½ niss±ya paccayabh³ta½ k±raºa½ labhitv± tehi samecca sambh³ya katatt± saªkhat± phass±dayo dhamm± uppajjant²ti attho. Tass± pana dhamm±na½ uppattiy± p±kaµa½ r³padhammapavatti½ dassento “yath±pi saddo pahaµ±ya bheriy±”ti ±ha. Phassapañcamaggahaºañcettha p±kaµa-ar³padhamm±na½ dassana½. Sesag±th±supi eseva nayo.
Vatthur³p±ti hadayavatthuto. Tannissay±na½ ar³padhamm±na½ bahubhedatt± s±maññavoh±rena te dassetu½ “saªkhat±”ti vutta½.
677. Nittejanti tejah²na½ ±nubh±varahita½. Yath± pana ta½ nitteja½, ta½ dassetu½ “na kh±dat²”ti-±di vutta½. Na hi aññath± saddahanussahan±d²su n±ma½ “nittejan”ti sakk± vattu½, n±pi r³pa½ sandh±raº±bandhan±d²su. Teneva hi “r³pa½ nittejan”ti vatv± “na hi tassa kh±dituk±mat±”ti-±di vutta½. “Atha kho”ti-±din± byatirekavasen±pi n±mar³p±na½ nittejata½yeva vibh±veti. Aññamaññasannissayena hi n±mar³passa attakiccasiddhipi pacceka½ asamatthat±vibh±vanameva. Tath± hi n±mar³passa attasuññat±, nir²hat±, by±p±ravirahat± ca suµµhutara½ p±kaµ± honti.
Katha½ pana pacceka½ asamatth±na½ samuditabh±ve samatthat± hoti? As±maggiya½ ahet³na½ s±maggiyampi ahetubh±v±pattito. Na hi pacceka½ daµµhu½ asakkont±na½ andh±na½ satampi sahassampi samudita½ daµµhu½ sakkot²ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “imassa panatthass±”ti-±di. Ima½ upama½ ud±haranti aµµhakath±cariy± upam±yapi asiddhassa atthassa s±dhetabbato. Tenev±ha “upama½ te kariss±mi, upam±yapidhekacce viññ³ puris± bh±sitassa attha½ j±nant²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.67). Tuµµhahaµµhoti yadip±ha½ cakkhukaraº²ya½ k±tu½ na sakkomi, p±dakaraº²ya½ pana k±tu½ sakkomi, tvañca cakkhukaraº²ya½, tasm± amh±ka½ ubhinna½ sahit±nañca vasena icchitadesasampatti sijjhat²ti tuµµhahaµµho jaccandho. Tattha jaccandhoti-±di upamopameyyasa½sandana½. Dhamm±na½ attal±bho parapaµibaddhoti vattabbameva natthi tato pubbe avijjam±natt±, paµiladdhattal±bhass±pi parapaµibaddhameva atthakiccanti dassetu½ “na sakena tejena uppajjati, na t±su t±su kiriy±su pavattat²”ti vutta½. Tesa½ n±mar³p±na½ aññamañña½ niss±ya uppatti v± pavatti v± na ca na hot²ti jaccandhap²µhasappi-upam±ya s±dhitamattha½ nigamento “as±maggiya½ ahet³na½ s±maggiyampi ahetukabh±v±pattito”ti yath±vuttassa hetuno anekantikabh±va½ vibh±veti.
Paradhammavas±nuvattinoti paresa½ attato aññesa½ hetupaccayasaªkh±t±na½ dhamm±na½ vasena anuvattanas²l±. Attadubbal±ti attan± dubbal± asamatth±. Parapaccayatoti paresa½ dhamm±na½ paccayabh±vato. Etena janakapaccaya½ vadati. Tenev±ha “j±yare”ti. Para-±rammaºatoti paresa½ dhamm±na½ ±rammaºabh±vato. Etena upatthambhakapaccaya½ vadati. Paccayaggahaºa½ v± r³p±pekkha½, ±rammaºaggahaºa½ n±m±pekkha½. “Paradhammeh²”ti ida½ ±rammaºapaccay±na½ visesana½. Purimatthena hi vuttamevattha½ pacchimatthena p±kaµa½ karoti. Pabh±vit±ti upp±dit±.
N±v±yantik³pam±yapi n±mar³p±na½ avasavattita½ vibh±vetu½ “yath±p²”ti-±din± tisso g±th± vutt±. Niss±y±ti patiµµh±ya. Yant²ti gacchanti. Manusse niss±y±ti netubh³te niy±makakammak±rak±dimanusse apass±ya. Na hi tesa½ araºaggahaºalaªk±rasaºµh±pana-udakussiñcan±dikiriy±ya vin± n±v± icchitadesa½ p±puº±ti. Ubhoti aññamañña½ n±va½ niss±ya manuss±, manusse niss±ya n±v±ti attho.
Evanti vuttappak±rena. N±n±nayeh²ti paµham±d²na½ sattanna½ jh±n±na½, tesa½ upac±r±nañca vasena cuddasa ar³papariggahamukh±ni, catudh±tuvavatth±ne vutt±na½ terasanna½ dh±tupariggahamukh±na½ dh±t±yatanakhandhamah±bh³tavasena, idha vutt±na½ avutt±nañca indriyasaccapaµiccasamuppann±na½ vasena samav²sati r³papariggahamukh±ni, t±ni pacceka½ “phasso vedan± cittan”ti imesa½ sammukhabh±vena upaµµhit±na½ tiººa½ ar³padhamm±na½ vasena tiguºit±ni samasaµµhi, cuddasa ar³papariggahamukh±ni, t±ni c±ti catusattatiy± n±mar³papariggahanayehi ceva sambahulasuttantarathagehamuµµhiv²º±sen±rukkhad±ruyantana¼akal±pibherijaccandhapaªgu¼an±v±manuss³pam±hi ca n±mar³papamattat±vavatth±pananayehi ca. Sattasañña½ abhibhavitv±ti an±dik±labh±vita½ khandhapañcake attag±ha½ vikkhambhetv±. N±mar³p±na½ y±th±vadassananti “ida½ n±ma½, ettaka½ n±ma½, na ito bhiyyo. Ida½ r³pa½, ettaka½ r³pa½, na ito bhiyyo”ti ca tesa½ lakkhaºasallakkhaºamukhena dhammamattabh±vadassana½. Attadiµµhimalavisodhanato diµµhivisuddh²ti veditabba½. Etassev±ti n±mar³passa y±th±vadassanasseva.

Diµµhivisuddhiniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.

Iti aµµh±rasamaparicchedavaººan±.