Ar³padhamm±na½ upaµµh±n±k±rakath±vaººan±

670. ¾kir²yanti abhimukh± honti eteh²ti ±k±r±, ar³padhamm±na½ upaµµh±nassa mukhabh³t± phusan±nubhavanavij±nanappak±r±ti ±ha “ar³padhamm± t²hi ±k±rehi upaµµhahant²”ti-±di. ¾rammaºe pavattam±nesu cittacetasikesu asatipi pubb±pariye phusanalakkhaºo phasso, tattha sabbapaµhama½ abhinipatanto viya hot²ti vutta½ “paµham±bhinip±to phasso”ti. Tenassa phusan±k±rena sup±kaµabh±vena upaµµh±na½ dasseti. Phasse pana upaµµhite yasmi½ ±rammaºe so phasso, tassa anubhavanalakkhaº± vedan±, sañj±nanalakkhaº± saññ±, ±y³hanalakkhaº± cetan±, paµivij±nanalakkhaºa½ viññ±ºanti imepi p±kaµ± hont²ti ±ha “ta½sampayutt± vedan±”ti-±di. Eva½ salakkhaºasaªkhepato catudh±tuvavatth±navasena phassamukhena ar³papariggaha½ dassetv± id±ni vitth±rato catudh±tuvavatth±navasena ta½ dassetu½ “tath± kese”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha kese pathav²dh±t³ti kesasaªkh±te pathav²koµµh±se pathav²dh±tu. Lakkhaºavibhattito hi dh±tuvavatth±nadassanameta½.
Punapi dvinna½ dh±tuvavatth±n±na½ vasena vedan±mukhena ar³papariggaha½ dassetu½ “ekass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tassa ras±nubhavanakavedan±ti thaddhabh±vasaªkh±tassa phoµµhabbasabh±vassa anubhavanavasena pavattavedan±.
Aparass±ti etth±pi vuttanayeneva sambandho veditabbo. Tattha ±rammaºapaµivij±nananti thaddhat±saªkh±taphoµµhabb±rammaºapaµivij±nana½. K±yadv±r±bhinihata½, kevala½ v± manodv±rikajavanaviññ±ºam±ha. Tañhi “pathav²dh±tu kakkha¼alakkhaº±”ti paµivij±n±ti, itara½ pana kakkha¼alakkhaºapaµivij±nanamattamev±ti.
Eteneva up±yen±ti yv±ya½ salakkhaºasaªkhepato, salakkhaºavibhattito ca dh±tuvavatth±navasena r³papariggaha½ dassetv± tattha µhitassa phass±dimukhena ar³papariggaºhanup±yo dassito, eteneva up±yena. Kammasamuµµh±nakeseti catusamuµµh±nakesato niddh±rite kammasamuµµh±nakese. Kakkha¼alakkhaº±ti-±din± nayen±ti ±di-saddena na kevala½ “paggharaºalakkhaº± ±podh±t³”ti-±din± lakkhaºavisesena saddhi½ dh±tvantar±niyeva, atha kho ekasamuµµh±n±dibhed±ni koµµh±santar±nip²ti daµµhabba½. Tenev±ha “dv±catt±l²s±ya dh±tukoµµh±ses³”ti. Sabba½ nayabheda½ anugantv±ti yv±ya½ dv±catt±l²s±ya dh±tukoµµh±sesu pathav²dh±tu-±d²na½ lakkhaº±dito vavatth±panavasena n±n±vidho r³papariggahanayo vutto, ta½ sabba½ nayabheda½ nayavisesa½ anugantv±, cakkhudh±tu-±d²su r³papariggahamukhesu ar³papariggahadassanavasena yojan± k±tabb±ti adhipp±yo. Tatrida½ yojan±mukhamattadassana½– ekassa t±va “cakkhudh±tu r³p±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaº±, daµµhuk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaº± v±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. aµµha. 600) nayena dh±tuyo pariggaºhantassa “paµham±bhinip±to phasso, ta½sampayutt± vedan±”ti sabba½ yojetabba½. Tath± “yath±vuttalakkhaº±ya cakkhudh±tuy± ras±nubhavanakavedan± vedan±kkhandho”ti-±di yojetabba½. Tath± “yath±vuttalakkhaº± cakkhudh±t³”ti, “±rammaºapaµivij±nana½ viññ±ºa½ viññ±ºakkhandho”ti-±din± sabba½ yojetabba½. ¾yatan±divasena r³papariggahamukhesupi eseva nayo.
671. Yath± n±ma heµµhimajh±na½ subh±vita½ vas²bh±va½ p±pitameva uparijh±nassa p±daka½ padaµµh±na½ hoti, na paµiladdhamatta½, eva½ r³papariggaho suvisuddho nijjaµo niggumbo eva ar³papariggahassa p±daka½ padaµµh±na½ hoti, na avisuddho, tasm± r³p±r³passa ekadesepi anupaµµhite so avisuddho eva n±ma hoti, pageva bah³su anupaµµhites³ti dassento ±ha “sace h²”ti-±di. Pabbateyy± g±v² viya b±l± abyatt± akhettaññ³.
Khaggen±ti khaggaggena. Samugganti mañj³s±sadisa½ mah±samugga½. Apariggahitakammaµµh±nassa avibhatta½ viya upaµµhahantampi n±mar³pa½ vibhattasabh±vameva, tassa ca vibh±go kammaµµh±napariggahesu p±kaµo hot²ti ca dassanattha½ samuggavivaraºa½, yamakat±lakandaph±lanañca nidassanabh±vena vutta½. Yamakat±lakandañhi bhinnasant±nampi abhinna½ viya upaµµh±ti, eva½ r³p±r³padhamm±ti. Sabbepi tebh³make dhamme n±mañca r³pañc±ti dvedh± vavatthapet²ti ettha kiñc±pi sabba-saddo anavasesapariy±d±yako, n±mar³pabh±vo pana aññamaññavidhuroti na tadubhaya½ samud±yavasena parisam±payetabba½, tasm± “yadettha namanalakkhaºa½, ta½ n±ma½. Ya½ ruppanalakkhaºa½, ta½ r³pan”ti eva½ dvedh± vavatthapet²ti attho. Eva½ vavatthapentoyeva ca tadubhayavinimuttassa tebh³makadhammesu kassaci dhammassa abh±vato “sabbepi tebh³makadhamme n±mañca r³pañc±ti dvedh± vavatthapet²”ti vuccati. “N±mañca r³pañc±”ti eteneva tassa duvidhabh±ve siddhe “dvedh± vavatthapet²”ti ida½ n±mar³pavinimuttassa aññassa abh±vadassanattha½. Tenev±ha “n±mar³pamattato uddhan”ti-±di. “Sabbepi tebh³make dhamme”ti pana sabbaggahaºañcettha sammasamanupagassa dhammassa anavasesetabbat±ya vutta½. Tañhi anavasesato pariññeyya½ eka½sato virajjitabba½, tato ca citta½ vir±jaya½ pamocetabba½. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Sabba½, bhikkhave, anabhij±na½ aparij±na½ tattha citta½ avir±jaya½ appajaha½ abhabbo dukkhakkhay±ya. Sabbañca kho, bhikkhave, abhij±na½ parij±na½ tattha citta½ vir±jaya½ pajaha½ bhabbo dukkhakkhay±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 4.26-27).
Yadi tebh³maka½ dhammaj±ta½ anavasesato gahita½ “n±mar³pan”ti, ya½ ito b±hirakehi padatthabh±vena parikappita½, seyyathida½– pakati-±di draby±di j²v±di k±y±di. Tattha katha½ paµipajjitabbanti? Ummattakavipall±sasadise asamm±sambuddhapavedite k± tattha aññ± paµipatti aññatra ajjhupekkhanato. Atha v± tepi n±mar³pantogadhabh±v±bh±vavasena nicchit± ev±ti veditabb±. Katha½? Pakati, mah±, aha½k±ro, tammatt±ni, indriy±ni, bh³t±ni, purisoti ete pakati-±dayo. Tattha samabh±vena pavattam±n±na½ sattarajatamasaªkh±t±na½ sukhadukkhamoh±na½ samud±yo pakati, padh±nanti ca vuccati. Sattamattasampavedan²yo mah±, buddh²ti keci. Sattaraj±d²su abhim±no aha½k±ro, asmimatt±ti keci. Saddaphassar³parasagandh± tammatt±ni aññamaññavisiµµh±na½ pathav²-±d²na½ ekuttarat±dassanato ekuttar±ni tammatt±n²ti vijjhav±si-ekalakkhaºehi tammattehi ekalakkhaº± vises± sajiyanti, sukhumabh±vena pana nesa½ sampavesanato ekuttarat±ti keci. Sot±d²ni pañca savan±divuttik±ni buddhindriy±ni, vacan±d±navicaraºussagg±nandakicc±ni v±c±d²ni pañca kammindriy±ni. Mano antokaraºa½, itara½ b±hirakaraºa½. Gandh±d²hi ±raddh±ni pathav²-udaka-aggiv±yu-±k±s±ni bh³t±ni, cetan±sabh±vo purisoti eva½ pakati-±d²ni sar³pato veditabb±ni.
Tattha hi pakati t±va sukhadukkhamohamattat±ya n±ma½, samavisamabh±v±pattito anicc±, dukkh±, saªkhat± ca ±pann±. Mah±pi “tasm± aliªgato liªgavises±matto mah± uppajjat²”ti vacanato, buddhibh±v±nuj±nanato ca n±ma½, anicca½, saªkhatameva ca ±panna½. “Tasm± mahato cha vises± sajiyant²”ti sakkate vacanato “asm²”ti gahaºanimittabh±v±nuj±nanena aha½k±ro abhim±noti katv± n±ma½, tato eva aniccasaªkhatabh±v±patti cassa siddh±. Itara½ tammattapañcaka½ gandharasar³paphassasaddabh±v±nuj±nanato r³pa½, ar³panti pana k±pil±na½ micch±bhinivesamatta½. Te hi so¼asa vises± pañca bh³t±ni, ek±dasindriy±ni bh³tehi bh³tavises±n²ti gandh±ditammattehi tannissay±ni pathav²-±potejov±yo-±k±sasaªkh±t±ni bh³t±ni icchit±ni. “Tabbises± ca n±n±j±tik± aha½k±rato ca indriy±n²”ti vacanato sotak±yacakkhujivh±gh±nav±c±p±ºip±dap±y³patth±ni ceva mano c±ti ek±dasindriy±ni.
Tattha mano n±ma½, itar±ni sabb±ni r³pa½. V±c±ti cettha atth±vajotakassa akkharasamud±yassa gahaºa½. Imesa½ pana dhammino dhammassa anaññatthassa icchitatt± siddh±va aniccat± pariº±mapakkhe, abhibyattipakkhepi yadi tabbisayañ±ºupp±dena abhibyañjana½ siddh±va aniccat±, atha tato pubbepi ñ±ºa½ attheva. Akkhabyattiv±do pana siy±ti idamettha dis±matta½. Drabyaguºakammas±maññavisesasamav±y± draby±dik±. Tattha pathav² ±po tejo v±yu ±k±so k±lo dis± att± manoti nava draby±ni. Sadda r³pa rasa gandha phassa saªkh± parim±º±ni puth³tva sa½yoga viyoga paratv± paratva buddhi sukha dukkha icch± dosa payatta gurutva dravatva sneha veg± saªkh±r± diµµh± ceti evamete tev²sati guº±. Ukkhepana½ avakkhepanam±kucana½ pas±raºa½ gamanamiti pañca kamm±ni. Aññamaññavisiµµhesu avisiµµhamabhidh±na½ paccayo hoti. Sa½-iti yato drabyaguºakammesu s± atthi ev±ti eta½ mah±s±mañña½. Pathav²-±d²su anuvattiby±vuttibuddhinimitta½ drabyatv±di, ta½ yath± drabyatva guºatva kammatva ghaµatv±di, eso s±maññaviseso. Iha tantesu paµo, kap±lesu ghaµoti iheti yato hetuhetuphal±na½ sambandho samav±yoti vutto, samav±yoti evamete draby±dik±.
Tattha pathav² ±pa teja v±y³ bh³tar³pa½, ±k±sa½ tesa½ abh±vamatta½, paricchedo v±, candas³riy±diparivattana½, dhammappavattiñca up±d±ya paññattimatta½ k±lo. Tath± dis±, att± ca. Mano n±ma½. Saddar³parasagandh± r³pameva. Tath± phasso bh³tattayasabh±vato. Saªkh± ek±dik± ta½ ta½ up±d±ya paññattimatta½. Tath± avayavasamud±ye guºavisesavasena, saºµh±navisesavasena v± mahanta½ d²gha½, tabbipariy±yato aºu rassanti bhinnalakkhaºadesesu puthutvanti. Bhinnadesaj±na½ sahabh±ve sa½yogoti. Tadap±ye viyogoti. Sam±nadis±desagat±na½ r³p±na½ mahadabbantar±na½ vasena paramaparanti paññattimatta½. Buddhisukhadukkha-icch±dosapayatt± n±mameva. Gurutva dravatva snehaveg± r³padhamm±na½ pavattivisesato gahetabb±k±r±. Itaro saªkh±ro ñ±ºassa pavattiviseso. Adiµµhopi dhamm±dhammabh±vato n±mameva. Ukkhepana½ avakkhepana½ ±kucana½ pas±raºa½ gamananti r³padhamm±na½ pavattimatta½. Sadis±sadisat±ya½ s±maññavisesasaññ±, ayuttasambandhe samav±yasamaññ±ti draby±d²nampi n±mar³pantogadhat± daµµhabb±.
J²v±j²vabandha puñña p±p±sava sa½varanijjaravimokkh± j²v±dik±. Tattha j²voti att±. Puggaladhamm±dhamm±k±sak±lesu aj²vasaññ±. Tesu saddaphassar³parasagandhasaºµh±nabandhabhedasukhumapara-apar±gh±tappabh±cch±yojj±katam±ni puggalalakkhaºanti puggalo r³pa½ r³padhamm±na½ pavatti-±k±ramattato. Dhamm±dhamm± j²vapuggal±na½ gatiµµhitimattat±ya tadavisiµµh± ¾k±sak±l± paññattimatta½. Bandho “kammapuggalantarasa½yogo”ti vacanato tehi anañño. Puññap±p±ni n±manti p±kaµameva. “Kammapuggal±nam±savo”ti vacanato puññ±puññasambhave ±savasamaññ±ti tato avisiµµho ±savo. “¾savanirodho sa½varo”ti vacanato paµipakkhena puññ±puññanirodho sa½varo. “Kammaphalappavattiy± pakatiy± appavatti nijjaro”ti vacanato vip±kanirodhanimitta½ nijjaro. Mokkhopi “sabbakammavimokkho”ti vacanato kammapuggalaj²vaviyogo. Tattha kammapuggal±na½ sadd±dilakkhaºat±ya r³pamattat± puññ±puññamattat±ya ar³pat±. J²vo ca ar³pamattamev±ti aya½ drabyamokkho. Bh±vamokkho pana j²vassa r±g±dibh±v±pariº±mo r±g±dayo n±mamev±ti j²v±dayopi n±mar³pantogadh± eva.
K±yappavattigatij±tibandh±pavagg± k±y±dik±. Tattha pathav²-±patejav±yu-attasukhadukkhesu k±yasamaññ±. Tadavisiµµh± pavattigatij±tibandh±pavagg±, “bh±voti attho, k±yoti anatthantaran”ti vacanato k±yato añña½ kiñci natthi. “Pavattisaññ± kiriy±sa½yogavibh±ges³”ti vacanato gati-±dippak±rena pavatt± pathav²-±dayo eva pavatti upac±ro. “Tasmi½ anatthantaran”ti vacanato k±yato anaññ± suramanujapetatiracch±nanarak³papattiyo gatiyo. T±su purim±purim±visiµµho gat²su j±tassa nicchayopi pavattimattanti tato anaññ± kaºhan²larattap²tasukka-atisukkasaªkh±t± j±tiyo. T± uttaruttaravisiµµh± aññ±ºamohar±gadosatatv±sandassanapp±y± sukkaj±ti, ant± accantavimutt± avag±hitatv± c±ti sukkaj±ti “Dosesu bandhasamaññ±”ti vacanato aññ±º±dilakkhaºassa bandhassa j²vato anaññat±. Aññ±º±didos±bh±vato apavaggasiddh²ti k±y±dayopi n±mar³pamattameva.
Yopi tattha tattha “puriso att± j²vo”ti-±dipariy±yehi vutto attapadattho, sopi yath±raha½ n±mar³pamatta½ up±d±ya paññatto, n±mar³pamattameva v±. Tena vutta½ “tepi n±mar³pantogadhabh±v±bh±vavasena nicchit± ev±”ti.