Saccavitth±rakath±vaŗŗan±

529. Ariyasaddena visesana½ akatv± kevala½ saccasaddena uddhiµµh±nipi ariyasacc±ni ev±ti dassento “sacc±n²ti catt±ri ariyasacc±n²”ti ±da. Sam±ńńajotan± hi visese avatiµµhati, visesatthin± ca viseso anupayujjitabboti. Ariyasaccesu v± vic±ritesu itar±nipi atthato vic±rit±neva hont²ti vipassan±ya ca bh³mibh³t±ni, ariyasacc±nev±ti ca katv± “sacc±n²”ti uddharitv±pi “catt±ri ariyasacc±n²”ti vutta½.
S±sanakkamoti ariyasacc±ni vuccanti, ariyasaccadesan± v±. Sakalańhi s±sana½ bhagavato vacana½ saccavinimutta½ natthi pavattinivattitadubhayahetusandassanavasena pavattanato. Tasm± saccesu kamati, s²lasam±dhipańm±saŖkh±ta½ v± s±sana½ etesu kamati, parińń±dikiccas±dhanavasena pavattati, tasm± kamati etth±ti kamo, ki½ kamati? S±sana½. S±sanassa kamo “s±sanakkamo”ti sacc±ni s±sanappavattiµµh±n±ni vuccanti, ta½desan± ca tabboh±ren±ti.
Tath±ti ta½sabh±v± dukkh±disabh±v±. Avitath±ti amus±sabh±v± b±dhan±dibh±vena bh³tasabh±v±. Anańńath±ti ańń±k±rarahit± ab±dhan±di-±k±ravivitt±. Dukkhadukkhat±tannimittat±hi adhiµµhitatt± p²¼anaµµho. Samecca sambh³ya paccayehi katabh±vo saŖkhataµµho. Dukkhadukkhat±tannimittat±hi paridahana½, kilesad±hasam±yogo v± sant±paµµho. Jar±ya, maraŗena c±ti dved± vipariŗ±metabbat± vipariŗ±maµµho. Ettha ca p²¼anaµµho dukkhassa saraseneva ±vibhavan±k±ro, itare yath±kkama½ samudayamagganirodhadassanehi ±vibhavan±k±r±ti aya½ catunnampi viseso. Tatratr±bhinandanavasena by±pitv± ³hana½ r±sikaraŗa½ dukkhassa nibbattana½ ±y³hana½ ±k±rassa by±panatthatt±. ¾gacchati samudayatoti v± ±ya½, dukkha½, tassa ³hana½ pavattana½ ±y³hana½, aya½ saraseneva ±vibhavan±k±ro. Nidad±ti dukkhanti nid±na½, “ida½ ta½ dukkhan”ti sampaµicch±penta½ viya samuµµh±pet²ti attho. Aya½ nid±naµµho dukkhadassanena ±vibhavan±k±ro. Sa½s±radukkhena sa½yojana½ sa½yogaµµho Magg±dhigamananiv±raŗa½ palibodhaµµho. Ime ca sa½yogapalibodhaµµh± nirodhamaggadassanehi ±vibhavan±k±r±. Nissaranti satt± ettha, sayameva v± nissaµa½ visa½yutta½ sabbasaŖkhatehi sabb³padhipaµinissaggabh±vatoti nissarana½. Ayamassa sabh±vena ±vibhavan±k±ro, itare vivek±saŖkh±t±mataµµ±, samudayakkhara-apaccaya-avin±sit± v± samudayamaggadukkhadassanena ±vibhavan±k±r±.
Sa½s±rato niggamana½ niyy±na½. Ayamassa sarasena ±vibhavan±k±ro. Paribodh³pacchedanena nibb±n±dhigamova nibb±nanimittatt± maggassa hetuµµho. Pańń±padh±natt± cassa nibb±nadassana½, catusaccadassana½ v± dassanaµµho. Catusaccadassane, kilesadukkhasant±pav³pasamane ca ±dhipacca½ karonti maggadhamm± sampayuttadhammes³ti so maggassa ±dhipateyyaµµho. Visesato v± ±lamban±dhipatibh³t± maggadhamm± honti “magg±dhipatino”ti (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 16) vacanatoti so tesa½ ±k±ro ±dhipateyyaµµho. Ete hetudassan±dhipateyyaµµh± samudayanirodhadukkhadassanehi ±vibhavan±k±r±. Evam±di ±h±ti sambandho. Abhisamayaµµhoti abhisametabbaµµho. Abhisamayassa v± visayabh³to attho abhisamayaµµho. Atha v± abhisamayassa pavatti-±k±ro abhisamayaµµho. So cettha abhisametabbena p²¼an±din± dassitoti daµµhabbo.
530. Kucchita½ kha½ dukkha½, g±rayha½ hutv± as±ranti attho.
“Sam±gamo sametan”ti-±d²su kevalassa ±gamasaddassa, eta-saddassa ca payoge sa½yogatthassa anupalabbhanato, sa½-saddassa ca sa½yoge upalabbhanato “sa½yoga½ d²pet²”ti ±ha anvayato, byatirekato ca tadatthajotakat±siddhito. Uppanna½ uditanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Aya-saddo gati-atthe siddho hetusaddoviya k±raŗa½ d²peti. Attano phalanipph±danena ayati pavattati, eti v± etasm± phalanti ayoti, sa½yoge uppattik±raŗa½ samudayoti. Ettha visu½ payujjam±n±pi upasaggasadd± sadh±tuka½ sa½yogattha½, upp±datthańca d²penti, kiriy±visesakatt±ti veditabb±.
“Abh±vo ettha rodhass±ti nirodho”ti etena nibb±nassa dukkhavivittabh±va½ dasseti. Samadhigate tasmi½ tadadhigamato puggalassa rodh±bh±vo pavattisaŖkh±tassa rodhassa paµipakkhabh³t±ya nivattiy± adhigatatt±ti. Etasmińca atthe abh±vo etasmi½ rodhass±ti nirodho icceva padasam±so. Dukkh±bh±vo panettha puggalassa, na nibb±nasseva. Anupp±do eva nirodho anupp±danirodho. ¾yati½ bhav±d²su appavatti, na pana bhaŖgoti bhaŖgav±caka½ nirodhasadda½ nivattetv± anupp±dav±caka½ gaŗh±ti. Etasmi½ atthe k±raŗe phal³pac±ra½ katv± nirodhapaccayo nirodhoti vutto.
Paµipad± ca hoti puggalassa dukkhanirodappattiy±. Nanu ca s± eva dukkhanirodappatt²ti tass± eva s± paµipad±ti na yujjat²ti? Na puggal±dhigamassa pattibh±vena, yehi so adhigacchati, tesa½ k±raŗabh³t±na½ paµipad±bh±vena ca vuttatt±. Sacchi kiriy±sacchikaraŗadhamm±nańhi ańńatth±bh±vepi puggalasacchikiriy±dhammabh±vehi n±natta½ katv± niddeso katoti. Atha v± ya½ dukkhanirodhappattiy± niµµh±na½ phala½, sayańca dukkhanirodhappattibh³ta½, tassa abhisamayabh³t±ya dukkhanirodhappattiy± paµipadat± daµµhabb±.
531. Buddh±dayo ariy± paµivijjhant²ti ettha paµividdhak±le pavatta½ buddh±divoh±ra½ “agam± r±jagaha½ buddho”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 410) viya bh±vini bh³te viya upac±roti purimak±lepi ±ropetv± “buddh±dayo”ti vutta½. Te hi buddh±dayo cat³hi maggehi paµivijjhant²ti. Tasm± ariyasacc±n²ti vuccant²ti ettha ariyapaµivijjhitabb±ni sacc±ni ariyasacc±n²ti purimapade uttarapadalopo ariyasacc±n²ti vuccant²ti attho. Tath±gatena hi saya½ adhigatatt±, paveditatt±, tato eva ca ańńehi adhigaman²ratt± t±ni tassa hont²ti. Ariyabh±vasiddhitop²ti ettha ariyas±dhak±ni sacc±ni ariyasacc±n²ti pubbe viya uttarapadalopo daµµhabbo. Ariy±ni sacc±n²tip²ti ettha avitathabh±vena araŗ²yatt± adhigantabbatt± ariy±ni, ariyasamańń± v± avisa½v±dake avitathe niru¼h± daµµhabb±.
532. B±dhanalakkhaŗanti ettha dukkhadukkhatannimittabh±vo, udayavayapaµip²¼itabh±vo v± b±dhana½. Bhav±d²su j±ti-±divasena, cakkhurog±divasena ca anekad± dukkhassa pavattanameva puggalassa sant±pana½, tadassa kicca½ rasoti sant±panarasa½. Pavattinivatt²su sa½s±ravimokkhesu pavatti hutv± gayhat²ti pavattipaccupaµµh±na½. Pabhavati etasm± dukkha½ nibbattati, purimabhavena pacchimabhavo ghaµito sa½yutto hutv± pavattat²ti pabh±vo. “Evampi taŗh±nusaye an³hate, nibbattati dukkhamida½ punappunan”ti (dha. pa. 338; netti. 30) eva½ punappuna½ upp±dana½ anupacchedakaraŗa½. Bhavanissaraŗaniv±raŗa½ palibodho. Taŗhakkhay±dibh±vena sabbadukkhasantat± santi. Accutirasanti accutisampattika½ acavanakicca½ v±. Kiccanti ca cavan±bh±va½ kiccamiva katv± pariy±yena vutta½, acavanańcassa sabh±v±pariccajana½ avik±rit± daµµhabb±. Pańcakkhandhanimittasuńńat±ya aviggaha½ hutv± gayhat²ti animittapaccupaµµh±na½. Anusayasamucchindanena sa½s±rac±rakato niggaman³p±yabh±vo niyy±na½. Sabbakiles±na½ anupp±danirodhana½ kilesappah±nakaraŗa½. Nimittato, pavattato ca cittassa vuµµh±na½ hutv± gayhat²ti vuµµh±napaccupaµµh±na½.
533. Asuvaŗŗ±di suvaŗŗ±di viya dissam±na½ m±y±ti vatthusabbh±v± tass± vipar²tat± vutt±. Udaka½ viya dissam±n± pana mar²ci upagat±na½ tucch±. Vatthumattampi tass± na dissat²ti visa½v±dik± vutt±. Mar²cim±y±-attavidhuro bh±vo tacch±vipar²tabh³tabh±vo. Ariyań±ŗass±ti ariyassa avitathagg±hakassa ń±ŗassa, tena paµivedhań±ŗa½ viya paccavekkhaŗań±ŗampi gahita½ hoti. Tesa½ gocarabh±vo paµivijjitabbat±, ±rammaŗabh±vo ca daµµhabbo. Aggilakkhaŗa½ uŗhatta½. Tańhi katthaci kaµµh±di-up±d±nabhede visa½v±daka½, vipar²ta½, abh³ta½ v±kad±cipi na hoti. “J±tidhamm± jar±dhamm±, atho maraŗadhammino”ti (a. ni. 3.39; 5.57) eva½ vutt± j±ti-±dik± lokapakati. Ekacc±na½ tiracch±n±na½ tiriya½ d²ghat±, manuss±d²na½ uddha½ d²ghat±, vuddhiniµµha½ patt±na½ puna ava¹¹hananti evam±dik± ca lokapakat²ti vadanti. Tacch±vipar²tabh³tabh±vesu pacchimo tathat±. Paµhamo avitathat±, majjhimo anańńatat±ti ayametesa½ viseso,
Dukkh± ańńa½ na b±dhaka nti kasm± vutta½, nanu taŗh±pi j±ti viya dukkhanimittat±ya b±dhik±ti? Na, b±dhakappabhavabh±vena visu½ gahitatt±. Evamhi pavatti, pavattihetu ca asaŖkarato bodhit± honti. Atha v± j±ti-±d²na½ viya dukkhassa adhiµµh±nabh±vo, dukkhadukkhat± ca b±dhakat±, na dukkhappabhavat±ti natthi taŗh±ya pabhavabh±vena visu½ gahit±ya b±dhakabh±vapasaŖgo. Ten±ha “dukkh± ańńa½ na b±dhakan”ti. B±dhakattaniy±men±ti dukkha½ b±dhakameva, dukkhameva b±dhakanti eva½ dvidh±pi b±dhakatt±vadh±ranen±ti attho. B±dhakattaniy±men±ti hi b±dhakassa, b±dhakatte ca niy±mena. Yat± b±dhakattassa dukkhe niyatat±, eva½ dukkhassa ca b±dhakatte niyatat±ti.
Ta½ vin± n±ńńatoti satipi avasesakilesa-avases±kusalas±savakusalam³l±vasesas±savakusaladhamm±na½ dukkhahetubh±ve na taŗh±ya vin± tesa½ dukkhahetubh±vo atthi, tehi pana vin±pi taŗh±ya dukkhahetubh±vo atthi kusalehi vin± akusalehi r³p±vacar±dikusalehi vin± k±m±vacar±d²hi ca taŗh±ya dukkhanibbattakatt±. Santabh±vassa, santabh±ve v± niy±mo santabh±vaniy±mo, tena santabh±vaniy±mena. Tacchaniyy±nabh±vatt±ti dvidh±pi niy±mena taccho niyy±nabh±vo etassa, na micch±maggassa viya vipar²tat±ya, na lokiyamaggassa viya v± anekantikat±ya atacchoti tacchaniyy±nabh±vo, maggo, tassa bh±vo tacchaniyy±nabh±vatta½, tasm± tacchaniyy±nabh±vatt±. Sabbattha dvidh±pi niy±mena tacch±vipar²tabh³tabh±vo vuttoti ±ha “iti tacch±vipall±s±”ti-±di.
534. Saccasaddassa sambhavant±na½ atth±na½ uddharaŗa½, sambhavante v± atthe vatv± adhippetassa atthassa uddharaŗa½ niddh±raŗa½ atthudv±ro. Viratisacceti mus±v±daviratiya½. Na hi ańńavirat²su saccasaddo niru¼ho. Ye pana “viratisacca½ sam±d±navirat²”ti vadanti, tesampi na sam±d±namatta½ viratisacca½, atha kho sam±d±n±visa½v±dana½. Ta½ pana paµińń±sacca½ mus±v±daviratiyeva hoti. “Idameva sacca½, moghamańńan”ti (ma. ni. 2.187, 202-203, 427; 3.27-29) pavatt± diµµhi “saccan”ti abhinivisanavuttiy± diµµhisacca½. Amosadhammatt± nibb±na½ paramatthasacca½. “Amosadhamma½ nibb±na½, tadariy± saccato vid³”ti (su. ni. 763) hi vutta½, tassa pana ta½samp±pakassa ca maggassa paj±nan± paµivedho aviv±dak±raŗanti dvayampi “eka½ hi sacca½ na dutiyamatthi, yasmi½ paj± no vivade paj±nan”ti imiss± (su. ni. 890; mah±ni. 119) g±th±ya “saccan”ti vutta½.
535. “Neta½ dukkha½ ariyasaccanti ±gaccheyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti etena j±ti-±d²na½ dukkha-ariyasaccabh±ve avipar²tata½ dasseti ekanteneva b±dhakabh±vato. “Ańńa½ dukkha½ ariyasaccanti ±gaccheyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti imin± dukkha-ariyasaccabh±vassa j±ti-±d²su niyatata½ dasseti anańńatthabh±vato. Sacepi kathańci koci eva½citto ±gaccheyya, pańń±pane pana sahadhammena ń±pane attano v±dassa patiµµh±pane samattho natth²ti dassetu½ “ahameta½…pe… pańńapess±m²ti ±gaccheyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti vutta½. J±ti-±d²na½ anańńathat± ańńassa ca tat±bh³tassa abh±voyevettha µh±n±bh±vo. Sacepi koci ±gaccheyya ±gacchatu, µh±na½ pana natth²ti ayamettha suttattho. Esa nayo dutiyasuttepi. Tattha pana attabh±vapaµil±bheneva satt±na½ j±ti-±d²na½ patti, sammukh²bh±vo ca hot²ti sampattatt±, paccakkhat± ca paµhamat±, yato ta½ bhagavat± paµhama½ desita½, tannimittat± dutiyat±, tadupasamat± tatiyat±, ta½samp±pakat± catutthat±ti daµµhabb±.
“Etaparamato”ti etena cat³hi ariyasaccehi pavatti-±d²na½ anavasesapariy±d±nam±ha. Nibbutik±mena parij±nan±d²hi ańńa½ kińci kicca½ k±tabba½ natti, dhammań±ŗakicca½ v± ito ańńa½ natthi, parińńeyy±d²ni ca etaparam±nev±ti catt±riyeva vutt±ni. Taŗh±ya ±d²navadass±v²na½ vasena taŗh±vatthu-±d²na½ etaparamat±y±ti vutta½. Tath± ±laye pańcak±maguŗasaŖkh±te, sakalavatthuk±masaŖkh±te, bhavattayasaŖkh±te v± dukkhe dosadass±v²na½ vasena ±lay±d²na½ eteparamat±y±ti vutta½.
536. “O¼±rikatt±”ti ida½ j±ti-±d²na½ dukkhabh±vassa pacurajanap±kaµat±matta½ sandh±ya vutta½, na ariyena ń±ŗena paµivijjhitabb±k±ra½. Tanti dukkha½. Akatanti anibbattita½, anipph±ditak±raŗanti adhipp±yo. K±raŗe hi siddhe phala½ siddhameva hoti. “Neva akata½ ±gacchat²”ti ca imin± ahetuv±da½ paµikkhipati. “Na issaranimm±n±dito”ti etena paj±patipurisapakatik±l±div±de paµikkhipati. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ parato ±vi bhavissati. “Sahetukena dukkhen±”ti etena dukkhadassanena janitassa sa½vegassa sa½va¹¹hanam±ha. Dukkhassa hi sahetukabh±vasavasena balavasa½vego j±yati y±v±ya½ hetu, t±va ida½ dukkha½ avicchedena pavattat²ti. Ass±sajananattha½ nirodhanti sa½vegaj±tassa ass±sa½ janetu½ nirodhasaccam±ha. Nibbinnasa½s±radukkhassa hi nirodhakath± vuccam±n± ativiya ativiya ass±sa½ sańjaneti.
537. Ye te j±ti-±dayo dhamm± bhagavat± vutt±ti sambandho. Kasm± panettha by±dhi na gahitoti? Anekantabh±vato. Tath± hi so kad±ci, kesańci ca natthi. Yath±ha “tayo rog± pure ±su½, icch± anasana½ jar±”ti (su. ni. 313). B±kulatter±d²na½ so n±hosiyeva, dukkhaggahaŗena v± by±dhi ettha hitov±ti daµµhabba½. Paramatthato hi dh±tukkhobhapaccaya½ k±yika½ dukkha½ by±dh²ti. Up±d±nakkhandhapańcaka½ eka½ koµµh±sa½ katv± “dv±dasa dhamm±”ti vutta½. K±mataŗh±bh±vas±mańńena ekajjha½ katv± “dukkhasamudayo ariyasaccan”ti ańńe antogadhabhede an±masitv± ekar³pena gahit±pi taŗh± sassatadiµµhisahagat±, ucchedadiµµhisahagat±, diµµhivirahit± kevala½ k±mass±dabh³t± c±ti tidh±va bhinditv± vutt±. “Ayameva ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo”ti maggasaccabh±vena ekajjha½ katv± vutt±pi sabh±vato bhinn± eva te dhamm±ti ±ha “aµµha dhamm±”ti.

Saccaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.