Dh±tuvitth±rakath±vaººan±

517. Cakkhussa viññ±ºanti cakkhussa k±raºabh³tassa viññ±ºa½. K±ma½ r³p±lokamanasik±r±dayopi tassa viññ±ºassa k±raº±, te pana s±dh±raºak±raºa½, cakkhu as±dh±raºanti as±dh±raºak±raºen±ya½ niddeso yath± bherisaddo, yavaªkuroti. Tath± hi cakkhu puggalantar±s±dh±raºa½, n²l±disabbar³pas±dh±raºañc±ti s±mibh±vena niddiµµha½.
Vidahat²ti eva½ evañca tay± pavattitabbanti viniyuñjam±na½ viya upp±det²ti attho. Vidahat²ti ca dh±tvattho eva visiµµho upasaggena d²p²yat²ti vin±pi upasaggena dh±t³ti esa saddo tamattha½ vadat²ti daµµhabbo. Kattukammabh±vakaraº±dhikaraºesu ca dh±tusaddasiddhi hot²ti pañc±pi te atth± vutt±. Lokuttar± dh±tuyo sa½s±radukkha½ na vidahanti, aññadatthu vidha½sent²ti katv± “lokiy±”ti visesita½. Vavatthit±ti avatthit±, aññamañña½ v± asa½kiºº±. Suvaººarajat±didh±tuyo suvaºº±d²na½ b²jabh³t± sel±dayo. Yath±sambhavanti ettha keci “lokiyalokuttar±su dh±t³su yo yo attho sambhavati, tadanur³pan”ti attha½ vadanti, tadayutta½ “lokiy± hi dh±tuyo”ti visesetv± vuttatt±. Atthavasena ceta½ yath±sambhavaggahaºa½ kata½, na dh±tuvasena K±ma½ pañcapi atth± cakkh±d²na½ sabbesa½ icchitabb±, tath±pi cakkh±d²su yassa yassa dhammassa yad± kattuvacanicch±, na tad± kammabh±vo. Yad± pana kammavacanicch±, na tad± kattubh±vo. Eva½ sesesup²ti yath±sambhavaggahaºa½. Ten±ha “iti cakkh±d²s³”ti-±di.
518. Attano sabh±va½ dh±rent²ti dh±tuyoti etth±pi dh±t²ti dh±t³ti padasiddhi veditabb± dh±raºattho dh±-saddoti katv±. Kattu-atthopi c±ya½ purimena asadiso vidh±nadh±raºatth±na½ bhinnasabh±vatt±. Nissattasabh±vamattadh±raºañca dh±tusaddassa padh±no atthoti visu½ vutto. Dh±tuyo viya dh±tuyoti ettha s²hasaddo viya kesarimhi niru¼h± purise sel±vayavesu niru¼ho dh±tusaddo cakkh±d²su upacaritoti daµµhabbo. ѱºañca ñeyyañca ñ±ºañeyy±ni, tesa½ avayav± tappabhedabh³t± dh±tuyo ñ±ºañeyy±vayav±. Tattha ñ±ºappabhedo dhammadh±tu-ekadeso, ñeyyappabhedo aµµh±ras±p²ti ñ±ºañeyy±vayavamatt± dh±tuyo hont²ti. Atha v± ñ±ºena ñ±tabbo sabh±vo avipar²to dh±tusaddena vuccam±no ñ±ºañeyyo, na diµµhi-±d²hi vipar²tagg±hakehi ñeyyoti attho, tassa ñ±ºañeyyassa avayav± cakkh±dayo, visabh±galakkhaº±vayavesu ras±d²su niru¼ho dh±tusaddo t±disesu aññ±vayavesu cakkh±d²su upacaritoti daµµhabbo. Ras±d²su viya v± cakkh±d²supi niru¼ho eva. “Nijj²vamattasseta½ adhivacanan”ti etena nijj²vamattapadatthe dh±tusaddassa niru¼hata½ dasseti. Cha dh±tuyo etass±ti chadh±turo. Yo loke purisoti dhammasamud±yo vuccati, so chadh±turo channa½ pathav²-±d²na½ nijj²vamatt±na½ sabh±v±na½ samud±yamatto, na ettha j²vo v± puriso v± atth²ti attho.
519. Cakkh±d²na½ kamo pubbe vuttoti idhekekasmi½ tike tiººa½ dh±t³na½ kama½ dassento ±ha “hetuphal±nupubbavavatth±navasen±”ti. Hetuphal±na½ anupubbavavatth±na½ hetuphalabh±vo eva, manodhammadh±t³nañca manoviññ±ºassa hetubh±vo yath±sambhava½ yojetabbo. Kiriyamanodh±tu manoviññ±ºassa upanissayakoµiy±, vip±kamanodh±tu vip±kamanoviññ±ºassa anantar±din±pi, itarassa sabb±pi upanissayakoµiy± ca, dhammadh±tu pana vedan±dik± sahaj±t± sahaj±t±din±, asahaj±t± anantar±din±, upanissayena, ±rammaº±din± ca manoviññ±ºassa paccayo hot²ti dv±rabh³tamanovasena v±. Dv±rabh³tamanopi hi suttesu manodh±t³ti vuccat²ti tass± v± manodh±tuy± manoviññ±ºassa hetubh±vo yath±sambhava½ yojetabbo. Tattha het³ti paccayo adhippeto, phalanti paccayuppannanti ±ha “cakkhudh±t³”ti-±di.
520. Sabb±sa½ vasen±ti yath±vutt±na½ ±bh±dh±tu-±d²na½ pañcati½s±ya dh±t³na½ vasena. Aparamatthasabh±vassa paramatthasabh±vesu na kad±ci antogadhat± atth²ti ±ha “sabh±vato vijjam±n±nan”ti.
Cand±bh±s³riy±bh±dik± vaººanibh± ev±ti ±ha “r³padh±tuyeva hi ±bh±dh±t³”ti. R³p±dipaµibaddh±ti r±gavatthubh±vena gahetabb±k±ro subhanimittanti katv± “r³p±dayo ev±”ti avatv± paµibaddhavacana½ vutta½. Asatipi r±gavatthubh±ve kusalavip±k±rammaºa½ subhadh±t³ti dutiyo vikappo vutto. Ses±ti manoviññ±ºadh±tusampayutt±. Dh±tudvayanirodhamattanti manoviññ±ºadh±t³na½ nirodhamatta½ catutth±ruppacittupp±danirodhabh±vato. Tadaññaviññ±ºanirodho viya hi viññ±ºadh±tumanodh±t³na½ nirodho sam±pattibalasiddhoti katv± dh±tudvayaggahaºa½.
“Dhammadh±tumattan”ti ida½ k±madh±tuy± dhammadh±tupariy±pannatt± vutta½. K±mapaµisa½yuttoti k±mar±gasampayutto, ±rammaºakaraºena v± k±maguºopasa½hito. Ya½ etasmi½ antareti ye etasmi½ av²ciparanimmitavasavattiparicchinne ok±se. Og±¼h± hutv± adhobh±ge ca ok±se carant²ti etth±vacar±. Aññattha carant±pi yath±vutte eva µh±ne pariy±pann±ti ettha pariy±pann±.
Nekkhammadh±tu dhammadh±tu eva vitakkapakkhe. Sabbepi kusal± dhamm±ti d±namayapuññakiriyato, s²lamayapuññakiriyato, pabbajjato ca paµµh±ya y±va aggamagg±dhigam± pavatt± sabbepi anavajjadhamm±. Vihi½s±dh±tu cetan±, paraviheµhanacchando v±. Avihi½s± karuº±.
H²n±ti h²¼it±. Paº²t±ti sambh±vit±. “N±tih²¼it± n±tisambh±vit± majjhim±”ti khandhaniddese ±gat± h²nadukato eva n²haritv± majjhim± dh±tu vutt±ti veditabb±. Ubhop²ti dhammadh±tumanoviññ±ºadh±tuyo.
Viññ±ºadh±tu yadipi chaviññ±ºadh±tuvasena vibhatt±, tath±pi viññ±ºadh±tuggahaºena tassa purec±rikapacch±c±rikatt± manodh±tu gahit±va hot²ti ±ha “viññ±ºadh±tu cakkhuviññ±º±disattaviññ±ºadh±tu saªkhepoyev±”ti. Anekesa½ cakkhudh±tu-±d²na½, t±su ca ekekiss± n±nappak±rat±ya n±n±dh±t³na½ vasena anekadh±tu n±n±dh±tu loko vuttoti ±ha “aµµh±rasadh±tuppabhedamattamev±”ti.
521. Cakkhusotagh±najivh±k±yamanodh±tumanoviññ±ºadh±tubheden±ti bah³su potthakesu likhita½, kesuci “cakkhusotagh±najivh±k±yamanomanoviññ±ºadh±tubheden±”ti. Tattha na cakkh±d²na½ kevalena dh±tusaddena sambandho adhippeto vij±nanasabh±vassa pabhedavacanato. Viññ±ºadh±tusaddena ca sambandhe kariyam±ne dve manogahaº±ni na k±tabb±ni. Na hi dve manoviññ±ºadh±tuyo santi. Antar± v± manodh±tugahaºa½ akatv± “cakkhu…pe… k±yamanoviññ±ºadh±tumanodh±t³”ti vattabba½ atulyayoge dvandasam±s±bh±vato. Aya½ panettha p±µho siy± “cakkhu…pe… k±yaviññ±ºamanomanoviññ±ºadh±tubheden±”ti. Tassa viññ±ºassa yebhuyyena attav±dino tassa ekamekassa attassa advayata½, niccattañca pavedent²ti anekat±niccat±pak±sana½ tesa½ j²vasaññ±sam³hanan±ya hoti. Khandh±yatanadesan± saªkhepadesan±, indriyadesan± vitth±radesan±, tadubhaya½ apekkhitv± aya½ anatisaªkhepavitth±r± dh±tudesan±. Abhidhamme v± suttantabh±jan²ye (vibha. 172 ±dayo) vutt± dh±tudesan± atisaªkhepadesan±, ±bh±dh±tu-±d²na½ anekadh±tun±n±dh±tu-ant±na½ vasena desetabb± ativitth±radesan±, tadubhaya½ apekkhitv± aya½ anatisaªkhepavitth±r±.
Assa bhagavato. Saddhammatejas± vihata½ saddhammatejavihata½.
522. Saªkhatoti gaºanato. J±titoti cakkhubh±vas±maññato. Atha v± j±titoti cakkhusabh±vato. Ten±ha “cakkhupas±do”ti. V²sati dhamm±ti saªkha½ gacchati vedan±d²na½ abhinditv± gahaºato. Sesakusal±kusal±by±kataviññ±ºavasen±ti ettha aby±kat±pekkh±ya sesaggahaºa½, kusal±kusala½ pana sabbaso aggahitamev±ti.
523. T± ca cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu-±dayo pañcapi.
Purimehev±ti anantar±d²hi eva. Javanamanoviññ±ºadh±tu pana javanamanoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ±sevanapaccayen±pi paccayo hot²ti vuttov±yamattho. Dhammadh±t³ti pana sahaj±to vedan±dikkhandho adhippeto. Ten±ha “sahaj±ta…pe… paccayo hot²”ti. Avigat±d²h²ti ettha ±di-saddena manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± yath±raha½ hetu-adhipatikammavip±k±h±rindriyajh±namaggapaccayabh±vo saªgayhati. Ten±ha “bahudh± paccayo hot²”ti. Ekacc± ca dhammadh±tu sukhumar³panibb±nappak±r±, y± ca sampayog±nantarabh±v±d²na½ abh±vena ±rammaºakaraºe yogy±. Pañcadv±rikavip±kavajjanattha½ “ekacc±ya manoviññ±ºadh±tuy±”ti vutta½, manodv±rik± pana vip±k±pi tad±rammaºabh³t± ekacca½ dhammadh±tu½ ±rabbha pavattat²ti. Atha v± “ekacc±ya manoviññ±ºadh±tuy±”ti ida½ sabba½ k±m±vacarakusala½ k±m±vacarakiriya½ abhiññ±dvaya½ ±ruppadvayanti evar³pa½ manoviññ±ºadh±tu½ sandh±ya vutta½, lokuttaramanoviññ±ºadh±tuy± pana ekacc± dhammadh±tu ±rammaºapaccayoti p±kaµoyamattho. Cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu-±d²na½ cakkh±d²na½ yath±vuttapaccayadhammato atirekepi paccayadhamme dassetu½ “na kevalan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha ±lok±dayoti ±loko n±ma s³riy±lok±di. Tassa suttantanayena upanissayabh±vo veditabbo, eva½ ses±nipi.
Vivara½ n±ma visesato sotabila½. V±yu gandh³pasa½haraºakav±to. ¾po mukhe pakkhitta-±h±rassa temanaka-udaka½. Pathav² k±yappas±dassa nissayabh³t± pathav²dh±tu. Bhavaªgamana½ dvikkhattu½ calita½ bhavaªgacitta½. Sabbattha manasik±ro ±vajjanamanasik±ro.
524. Avisesato daµµhabb±k±rassa vuccam±natt± ±ha “sabb± ev±”ti. Visesato vipassan±ya bh³mivic±ro esoti “saªkhat±”ti visesita½. Pubbant±parantavivittatoti ettha “pubbanton±ma at²to addh±, aparanto n±ma an±gato. Ubhayattha ca saªkhat± dh±tuyo sabh±vavivitt± anupalabbham±nasabh±vatt±. Pubbanto v± sabh±vadhammassa udayo tato pubbe avijjam±natt±. Aparanto vayo tato para½ abh±vato. Tasm± pubbant±parantavivittatoti p±k±bh±vato viddha½s±bh±vatoti vutta½ hoti.
Bheritala½ viya cakkhud±tu saddassa viya viññ±ºassa nissayabh±vato. ¾d±satal±d²supi eseva nayo. Yanta½ n±ma ucchuyanta½. Cakkayaµµh²ti tilamantha½ ±ha. So hi acakkabaºdhopi ta½sadisat±ya cakkayaµµh²tveva vuccati, cakkabandhameva v± sandh±ya tath± vutta½. Im±hi ca upam±hi nijj²v±na. Bheritaladaº¹±d²na½ sam±yoge, nijj²v±na½ sadd±d²na½ viya nijj²v±na½ cakkhur³p±d²na½ sam±yoge nijj²v±na½ cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ pavatt²ti k±raºaphal±na½ dh±tumattata½, k±rakavedakavirahañca dasseti.
Purecar±nucar± viy±ti nijj²vassa kassaci keci nijj²v± purecar±nucar± viy±ti attho. Manodh±tuyeva v± attano khaºa½ anativattant² attano khaºa anativattant±na½yeva cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ avijjam±n±yapi purecar±nucar±bhisandhiya½ anantarapubbak±l±parak±lat±ya purecar±nucar± viya daµµhabb±.
Channañhi viññ±ºadh±t³na½ ekajjha½ anek±nantarapaccay±bh±vato ekajjha½ uppatti-abh±vo viya aññamaññ±nantarapaccayat±bh±vato anantaruppattipi natthi. Yadi siy±, cha¼±rammaºasannidh±ne manasik±ramantaren±pi cha¼±rammaº³paladdhi siy±, na ca hoti, tasm± dassan±di-anantara½ savan±d²na½ abh±vo viya manoviññ±ºadh±t±nantara½ na dassan±d²ni, na ca dassan±di-anantara½ manoviññ±ºadh±tu hoti. Tattha bhavaªgassa, dassan±d²nañca bhinn±rammaºat±ya manoviññ±ºadh±t±nantara½ dassan±d²ni, dassan±d²na½ anantarañca savan±d²ni na uppajjant²ti yuttameta½. Dassan±d²na½, pana sant²ramaºassa ca abhinnavisayat±ya dassan±di-anantara½ na man±viññ±ºad±tu hot²ti ayuttanti Nayidameva½ niyat±niyatavisay±na½ bhinnavisayabh±vupapattito. Yadi ca dassan±di-anantara½ k±ci viññ±ºadh±tu uppajjeyya, s±pi dassan±didv±rat±ya dassan±diviññ±ºadh±tu eva siy±, na manoviññ±ºadh±tu, tato ca dassan±dikiccavidhura½ cintana½ manananti manodv±rappavatt±na½ mananakicc±paricc±go viya dassanaviññ±ºadh±tuy± dassanakicc±paricc±go ±pajjati. Tath± tadanantarass±ti sabb±yapi dassanaviññ±ºabh±vato ca viññ±ºak±y± na bhaveyyu½.
Yath± pana manoviññ±ºadh±t±nantara½ manodh±tu, tato cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni, eva½ dassanaviññ±ºadh±t±nantara½ manodh±tu, tato sotaviññ±º±d²ni hont²ti ce? Na, manodh±tuy± dassanadh±tubh±vappasaªgato. Yath± hi manaso nibbises±vatth± mananamattat±ya manodh±tu, eva½ dassanassa nibbises±vatth± dassanamattat±ya dassanadh±tu siy±. Tañca cakkh³viññ±ºa½ r³pavisayanti sadd±divisay±bhog±bh±vato savanaviññ±º±d²na½ asambhavo. Tato ca r³p±rammaºapasutameva viññ±ºa½ siy± manoviññ±º±na½ viya dassanaviññ±º±d²na½ sam±navatthubh±vappasaªgato, aññavatthusannissitañca viññ±ºa½ na siy±, na ceta½ yutta½. Tasm± sukhadukkh±na½ viya upekkh± cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½, manoviññ±ºassa ca byavadh±yik± manodh±tu daµµhabb±, na cass± upekkh±ya viya adukkhamasukhat± adassan±di-amananat±, ata kho mananakicc±visesato manoviññ±ºasabh±gat±. Mano hi hadayavatthumhi vattam±no aññavatthusannissit±na½ viññ±º±na½ visaya½ dassetv± nivattam±no aggi viya usumamatte mananamatte µhatv± nivattati, aññavatthusannissitaviññ±ºanirodhe ca uµµhahanto aggi viya usumamatte uµµhahati. Paccay±nur³papavattik±ni ca mananamatt±ni manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ant±ni honti. Paµighasaññ±sahagat±nañhi pañcanna½ viññ±º±na½ indriy±rammanapaµigh±tajat±ya abhinip±tamattakicca½, mananalakkhaºindriyasamuppannassa ca manoviññ±ºassa visayavicintan±sambh³tat±ya tadanur³p±cintan±. Tasm± abhinip±tappaccayapaµighaµµan±nigha½sabalena bhavaªgalakkhaºa½ citta½ calan±vattha½ hutv± nivattam±na½ cintan±visesavirahato abhinip±t±nuguºa½ cintan±vas±na½ mananamatta½ upp±deti.
Dassan±dipi abhinip±tamatta½ dutiya½ khaºa½ anativattam±na½ att±nuguºa½ cintan±mananasamaññ±virahato dassan±di-abhinip±tavisesavicitta½ cittabh±v±din± sam±na½ cintan±dimananamatta½ aññavatthusmi½ nibbatteti, tasm± vatthukiccehi ta½ manoviññ±ºak±yasaªgahit±pi manodh±tu manodv±ranikkhamapavesabh³t± ±rammaºantare dv±rantaramanasik±ratabbisayasampaµicchanabh±vena pañcanna½ viññ±ºadh±t³na½ yath±kkama½ purecar±, anucar±ti ca vutt±. S± pan±ya½ satipi viññ±ºabh±ve manaso sambh³ya visiµµhamananakicc±bh±vato dh±tubh±vas±maññena manomatt± dh±tu manodh±t³ti vuccati.
Yath±vutteneva ca hetun± matta-saddalopa½ katv± viññ±ºaµµhayogato manomatta½ viññ±ºanti manoviññ±ºak±yasaªgahopi cass± yujjati eva. Aññaviññ±ºehi pana dv±r±rammaºehi ca visesanattha½ “manodh±t³”ti vutt±ti. Manoviññ±ºadh±t³ti pana viññ±ºadh±tuvisesana½ manogahaºa½. Dh±tuvisesanatthe ca manoviññ±ºaggahaºe viññ±ºavisesana½ dv±rabh³tamanodassanamev±ti dv±rasamaññ±rahatt± na manodh±t³ti vuccati. Tañhi manodv±rantogadha½, na ca dassan±dipurecar±nucaranti manaso viññ±ºadh±tu, manaso viññ±ºanti ca manodv±rasamaññ±raha½, savisesañca tassa mananakicca½, viññ±ºakiccañc±ti mattasaddassa lopamantarena “manoviññ±ºan”ti, nijj²vabh±vavibh±vanattha½ “manoviññ±ºadh±t³”ti ca vuccat²ti.
Sallamiva s³lamiva tividhadukkhat±sam±yogato daµµhabbo. Vedan±sallas³layog±ti vedan±saªkh±tasallas³layogato. ¾tur± viy±ti tena ±turibh³t± puggal± viya. ¾s±yeva dukkha½ ±s±dukkha½, ±s±vigh±ta½ dukkha½ v±. Saññ± hi asubh±dikampi subh±dito sajj±nant² ±sa½, tass± ca vigh±ta½ ±s²sitasubh±di-asiddhiy± janet²ti. Vanamigo tiºapurisa½ purisoti gaºhanto ayath±bh³ccanimittagg±hako, tath± saññ±p²ti ±ha “vanamigo viy±”ti. Kammapadh±n± saªkh±r±ti “paµisandhiya½ pakkhipanato”ti-±di vutta½. J±tidukkh±nubandhatoti attan± nibbattiyam±nena j±tidukkhena anubandhat±. Bhavapaccay± j±ti hi j±tidukkhanti. Paduma½ viya dissam±na½ khuracakka½ viya r³pampi itthi-±dibh±vena dissam±na½ n±n±vidhupaddava½ janeti. Sabbe anatth± r±g±dayo, j±ti-±dayo ca visayabh³t±, anupasant±, sappaµibhay± c±ti. Tappaµipakkhabh³tatt± asaªkhat± dh±tu amat±dito daµµhabb±.
Vavatth±n±bh±vo “idameva imassa ±rammaºan”ti niyam±bh±vo, tena yath± araññamakkaµo kenaci aniv±rito gahita½ eka½ rukkhas±kha½ muñcitv± añña½ gaºh±ti, tampi muñcitv± aññanti katthaci anavaµµhito paribbhamati, eva½ gahita½ eka½ ±rammaºa½ muñcitv± añña½, tampi muñcitv± aññanti anavaµµhitat±, ±rammaºa½ aggahetv± pavattitu½ asamatthat± ca makkaµasam±nat±ti dasseti. Aµµhivedhaviddhopi uppatha½ anugaccchanto duµµhasso assakha¼uªko. Yatthak±manip±titoti yattha katthaci icchit±rammaºe nip±tibh±vato. N±n±vesadh±r² raªganaµo.

¾yatanad±tuniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.

Iti pannarasamaparicchedavaººan±.