15. ¾yatanadh±tuniddesavaººan±

¾yatanavitth±rakath±vaººan±

510. “Khandh±yatan±”ti-±din± heµµh± uddiµµh±ni paduddh±ravasena “±yatan±n²”ti vatv± gaºanapariccheden±ha “dv±das±yatan±n²”ti. Tattha vattabba½ parato sayameva vakkhati. Cakkh±yatananti-±di nesa½ sar³padassana½.
Attho n±ma saddattho, bh±vattho pana lakkhaºameva. So pana saddattho duvidho– as±dh±raºo s±dh±raºoti. Tattha as±dh±raºo cakkh±disaddattho, s±dh±raºo ±yatanasaddattho dv±dasannampi sam±natt±.
Tesu as±dh±raºa½ t±va dassento “visesato t±v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha visesatoti visesatthato, cakkh±disaddatthatoti attho. Ass±det²ti cakkhati-saddo “madhu½ cakkhati, byañjana½ cakkhat²”ti rasas±yanattho atth²ti tassa vasena attha½ vadati. “Cakkhu½ kho pana, m±gaº¹iya, r³p±r±ma½ r³parata½ r³pasammuditan”ti (ma. ni. 2.209) vacanato cakkhu r³pa½ ass±deti. Satipi sot±d²na½ sadd±r±mat±dibh±ve yo “ya½ cakkhu catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya pas±do”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 597) p±¼iya½, “r³p±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaºan”ti-±din± (dha. sa. aµµha. 600; visuddhi. 2.433) aµµhakath±yañca vutto atthaviseso, tattheva niru¼hatt± cakkhumhi eva cakkhusaddo pavattati gav±d²su gosadd±di viy±ti daµµhabba½.
Vibh±veti c±ti saddalakkhaºasiddhassa cakkhati-saddassa vasena attha½ vadati. Cakkhat²ti hi ±cikkhati, abhibyatta½ vadat²ti attho. Nettassa ca vadantassa viya samavisamavibh±vanameva ±cikkhananti katv± ±ha “vibh±veti c±ti attho”ti, anekatthatt± v± dh±t³na½ vibh±vanatthat± ca cakkhati-saddassa daµµhabb±. Rattaduµµh±dik±lesu kakaºµakar³pa½ viya, uddar³pa½ viya ca vaººavik±ra½ ±pajjam±na½ r³pa½ hadayaªgatabh±va½ r³payati r³pamiva pak±sa½ karoti, saviggahamiva katv± dasset²ti attho. Vitth±raºa½ v± r³pasaddassa attho, vitth±raºañca pak±sanamev±ti ±ha “pak±set²ti attho”ti. Anekatthatt± v± dh±t³na½ pak±sanattho eva r³pasaddo daµµhabbo. Vaººav±cakassa r³pasaddassa r³payat²ti nibbacana½, r³pakkhandhav±cakassa ruppat²ti aya½ viseso. Ud±har²yat²ti vuccat²ti atthe vacanasaddo eva gahito siy±, na ca vacanasaddo evettha saddo, atha kho sabbopi sotaviññeyyoti. Sappat²ti sakehi paccayehi sapp²yati, sotaviññeyyabh±va½ gam²yat²ti attho.
S³cayat²ti attano vatthu½ ap±kaµa½ gandhavasena “ida½ sugandha½, duggandhan”ti pak±seti, paµicchanna½ v± pupph±divatthu½ “ettha pupphamatthi, campak±diphalamatthi, amb±d²”ti pesuñña½ karonta½ viya hot²ti attho. Rasaggahaºam³lakatt± ajjhoharaºassa j²vitahetumhi ±h±rarase ninnat±ya j²vita½ avhayat²ti jivh± niruttilakkhaºena. Kucchit±na½ s±savadhamm±na½ ±yoti visesena k±yo vutto anuttariyahetubh±va½ an±gacchantesu k±mar±ganid±nakammajanitesu, k±mar±gassa ca visesapaccayesu gh±najivh±k±yesu k±yassa visesataras±savapaccayatt±. Tena hi phoµµhabbasukha½ ass±dent± satt± methunampi sevanti. Uppattidesoti uppattiµµh±nanti attho, k±yindriyavatthuk± v± catt±ro khandh± balavak±m±sav±dihetubh±vato visesena s±sav±ti vutt±ti tesa½ uppattiµµh±nanti attho.
Mun±t²ti n±¼iy± minam±no viya, mah±tul±ya dh±rayam±no viya ca ±rammaºa½ vij±n±t²ti attho. Manate iti v± mano, ta½ ta½ ±rammaºa½ paricchedavasena j±n±t²ti vutta½ hoti. Attano lakkhaºa½ dh±rent²ti ye visesalakkhaºena ±yatanasaddapar± vattabb±, te cakkh±dayo tath± vutt±ti tato aññe manogocarabh³t± dhamm± s±maññalakkhaºeneva ek±yatanabh±va½ upanetv± vutt±. Yath± hi o¼±rikavatth±rammaºamananasaªkh±tehi visayavisay²bh±vehi purim±ni p±kaµ±ni, tath± ap±kaµ± ca aññe manogocar± na attano sabh±va½ na dh±rent²ti imassa atthassa d²panattho dhammasaddo. Dh±r²yanti s±maññar³pena avadh±r²yant²ti v± dhamm±. Yath± hi r³p±dayo cakkhuviññ±º±d²hi as±dh±raºato eva yath±saka½ sabh±vato viññ±yanti na evamete, ete pana anekadhammabh±vato, s±dh±raºato, sabh±vas±maññatopi manas± viññ±yant²ti.
511. Sena sen±ti sakena sakena. Uµµhahant²ti uµµh±na½ karonti. V±yamant²ti ussahanti, attano kicca½ karonticceva attho. Imasmi½ ca atthe ±yatanti etth±ti ±yatan±n²ti adhikaraºattho ±yatanasaddo, dutiyatatiyesu kattu-attho. Te c±ti cittacetasike dhamme. Te hi ta½ta½dv±r±rammaºesu ayanti gacchanti pavattant²ti ±y±. Vitth±rent²ti pubbe anuppannatt± l²n±ni ap±kaµ±ni pubbantato uddha½ pattharenti p±kaµ±ni karonti, upp±dent²ti attho. Idañca sa½s±radukkha½. Na nivattat²ti anupp±danirodhavasena na nirujjhati. ¾yatana½ ±yatananti ±me¹itavacana½ ass± samaññ±ya cakkh±d²su niru¼habh±vadassanattha½.
512. Eva½ avayavabhedavasena ±yatanasaddassa attha½ vatv± id±ni tattha pariy±yatopi dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di ±raddha½. S±dhuphalabharitat±ya, aparissayat±ya ca manoramme.
Tattha nivasant²ti nivasant± viya honti. Ten±ha “tad±yattavuttit±y±”ti. Yattha suvaººaratan±d²ni nivutth±ni viya ±kiºº±ni tiµµhanti, so padeso tesa½ ±karo, eva½ cittacetasik± cakkh±d²s³ti te tesa½ ±karoti dassento ±ha “cakkh±d²su ca…pe… ±karo”ti. Tannissitatt±ti ettha mano manoviññ±º±d²na½ cittacetasik±na½ nissayapaccayo na hot²ti tassa tesa½ dv±rabh±vo nissayabh±voti daµµhabbo. Ahutv± eva paccayas±maggivasena uppajjant±pi cittacetasik± aneke ekajjha½ tattha labbham±n± samosaµ± viya hont²ti vutta½ “vatthudv±r±rammaºavasena samosaraºato”ti. Na hi dhamm±na½ an±gataddhe vijjam±nat±lesopi atthi. Ten±ha “puñjo natthi an±gate”ti (mah±ni. 10). Tattheva uppattitoti tesu cakkh±d²su eva uppattito. Uppattiy± paccayabh³te cakkh±dike uppattiµµh±na½ viya katv± upac±ravasena vutta½. Na hi ar³padhamm±na½ nippariy±yato uppattideso n±ma atthi. Yadaggena v± te tesa½ nissay±rammaºabh³t±, tadaggena sañj±tideso. Na hi paccayabh±vamantarena r³padhamm±nampi ±dh±r±dheyyabh±vo atthi. Ten±ha “nissay±rammaºabh±ven±”ti. Byatirekapadh±nat±ya k±raºalakkhaºassa “tesa½ abh±ve abh±vato” iccev±ha, na “bh±ve bh±vato”ti.
Yath±vuttenatthen±ti “cakkhat²”ti-±din±, “±yatanato ±y±na½ tananato”ti-±din±, “niv±saµµh±nan”ti-±din± ca vuttappak±rena atthena. Dhamm±yatanapariy±pann±na½ dhamm±na½ bahubh±vato yebhuyyena ca te bah³ eva hutv± kiccakar±ti “dhamm± ca te ±yatanañc±”ti bahuvacananiddeso.
513. Tath± tath± lakkhitabbato lakkh²yati eten±ti v± lakkhaºa½, sabh±vo.
T±vabh±vatoti tattakato, tena an³n±dhikabh±va½ dasseti. Tattha dv±das±yatanavinimuttassa kassaci dhammassa abh±v± adhikabh±vato codan± natthi, salakkhaºadh±raºa½ pana sabbesa½ s±maññalakkhaºanti ³nacodan± sambhavat²ti ta½ dassento ±ha “cakkh±dayopi h²”ti-±di. Bhavaªgamanasaªkh±toti dvikkhattu½ calitv± pavattabhavaªgamanasaªkh±to. Calanavasena bhavaªgappavattiy± sati eva ±vajjanuppatti, na aññatth±ti ±vajjanass±pi k±raºabh³tanti katv± vutta½ “bhavaªgamanasaªkh±to…pe… uppattidv±ran”ti. As±dh±raºanti cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ as±dh±raºa½. Satipi as±dh±raºabh±ve cakkh±d²na½ dv±rabh±vena gahitatt± dhamm±yatanena aggahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Dv±r±rammaºabh±vehi v± as±dh±raºata½ sandh±ya “as±dh±raºan”ti vutta½.
514. Yebhuyyasahuppatti-±d²hi uppattikkam±d²su ayutti yojetabb±. Yebhuyyena hi cakkh±yatan±d²ni kassaci kad±ci ekato uppajjanti. Tath± hi vutta½ “k±madh±tuy± upapattikkhaºe kassaci ek±das±yatan±ni p±tubhavant²”ti-±di (yama. aµµha. ±yatanayamaka 18-21). Tasm± ±yatan±na½ uppattikkamo t±va na yujjati, na pah±nakkamo kusal±by±kat±na½ appah±tabbato, na paµipattikkamo akusal±na½ ekacca-aby±kat±nañca appaµipajjan²yato na bh³mikkamo a¹¹hek±dasanna½ ±yatan±na½ ekantak±m±vacaratt±, itaresañca catubh³mipariy±pannatt±, ekaccassa lokuttarabh±vato c±ti. “Ajjhattikesu h²”ti etena ajjhattikabh±vena, visay²bh±vena ca ajjhattik±na½ paµhama½ desetabbata½ dasseti, tesupi paµhama½ desetabbesu p±kaµatt± paµhamatara½ cakkh±yatana½ desitanti.
Tato gh±n±yatan±d²n²ti ettha bahupak±ratt±bh±vena cakkhusotehi purimatara½ adesetabb±ni, saha vattu½ asakkuºeyyatt± ekena kamena desetabb±n²ti gh±n±dikkamena desit±n²ti adhipp±yo Aññath±pi hi desitesu na na sakk± codetu½, na ca sakk± bodhetabb±ni na desetunti. Paccuppann±rammaºatt± v± cakkh±d²ni paµhama½ vutt±ni ±rammaºato sup±kaµ±n²ti, man±yatana½ pana kiñci paccunn±rammaºa½…pe… kiñci y±va navattabb±rammaºanti pacch± vutta½. Paccuppann±rammaºesupi up±d±r³p±rammaº±ni catt±ri paµhama½ vutt±ni, tato bh³tar³p±rammaºa½. Up±d±r³p±rammaºesupi d³ratare d³re, s²ghatara½ s²ghañca ±rammaºasampaµicchanad²panattha½ cakkh±d²na½ desan±kkamo. Cakkhusotadvayañhi d³ragocaranti paµhama½ vutta½, tatr±pi cakkhu d³rataragocaranti sabbapaµhama½ vutta½. Passantopi hi d³ratare nad²sota½, na tassa sotapaµigh±tasadda½ suº±ti. Gh±najivh±supi gh±na½ s²ghataravutt²ti paµhama½ vutta½ purato µhapitamattassapi bhojanassa gandho gayhat²ti. Yath±µh±na½ v± tesa½ desan±kkamo. Imasmiñhi sar²re sabbupari cakkhussa adhiµµh±na½, tassa adho sotassa, tassa adho gh±nassa, tassa adho jivh±ya, tath± k±yassa yebhuyyato, mano pana ar³pibh±vato sabbapacch± vutto. Ta½ta½gocaratt± tassa tassa anantara½ b±hir±yatan±ni vutt±n²ti vuttov±yamatthoti evampi imesa½ kamo veditabbo. Gocaro visayo etass±ti gocaravisayo, mano. Kassa pana gocaro etassa visayo? Cakkh±d²na½ pañcannampi. Viññ±ºuppattik±raºavavatth±natoti cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ uppattik±raºassa vavatthitabh±vato savibhattibh±vato. Etena cakkh±di-anantara½ r³p±divacanassa ca k±raºam±ha.
515. Saªgahitatt±ti gaºanasaªgahavasena saªgahitatt±. J±tivasen±ti cakkhubh±vasam±nat±vasena. Paccayabhedo kamm±dibhedo. D±n±dip±º±tip±t±dibhedabhinnassa hi kusal±kusalakammassa, tassa ca sahak±r²k±raºabh³t±na½ abbhantar±na½, b±hir±nañca paccay±na½ bhedena cakkh±yatana½ bhinna½ visadisa½ hot²ti. Niray±diko, apad±digatin±n±karaºañca gatibhedo gat²na½, gat²su v± bhedoti katv±. Hatthi-ass±diko, khattiy±diko ca nik±yabhedo. Ta½ta½sattasant±nabhedo puggalabhedo. Y± cakkh±d²na½ vatth³na½ anantappabhedat± vutt±, so eva hadayavatthussa bhedo t±disabhed±n±tivattanato. Tato man±yatanassa anantappabhedat± yojetabb±. Yasm± jh±navirahita½ n±ma lokuttara½ natthi, tasm± pañcanna½ jh±n±na½ vasena aµµha lokuttaracitt±ni catt±l²sa½ hont²ti t±ni ek±s²tiy± lokiyacittesu pakkhipitv± ±ha “ekav²suttarasatappabhedañc±”ti. Vatth³ti cakkh±divatthu. Tappabhedena viññ±ºa½ anantappabheda½. Paµipad± dukkh±paµipad±di. ¾di-saddena jh±n±dhipatibh³mi-±rammaº±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. N²la½ n²lassa sabh±ga½, añña½ visabh±ga½. Paccayo kamm±di. Tatth±pi kusalasamuµµh±n±dit±, s²ta-utusamuµµh±n±dit± ca bhedo veditabbo. ¾disaddena gatinik±yabhedo. Sabh±van±nattabhedatoti sukh± dukkh± adukkhamasukh±ti evam±diko sabh±vabhedo. Cakkhusamphassaj± sotasamphassaj±ti evam±dika½ n±natta½.
516. “An±gamanato aniggamanato”ti saªkhepena vuttamattha½ vivaritu½ “na h²”ti-±di vutta½. Pubbant±parantesu avijjam±nasar³patt± udayato pubbe kutoci n±gacchanti, vayato ca uddha½ na katthaci gacchanti, vijjam±nakkhaºepi ittarak±lat±ya anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±. Ten±ha “atha kho”ti-±di. Saparipphandakiriy±vasena ²hana½ ²h±, cintanavasena by±p±rana½ by±p±ro, tattha by±p±ra½ dassento ±ha “na hi cakkhur³p±d²na½ eva½ hot²”ti. ¿ha½ dassento “na ca t±n²”ti-±di. Ubhayampi pana ²h± ca hoti by±p±ro c±ti uppaµip±µivacana½. Dhammat±v±ti sabh±vo eva, k±raºasamatthat± v± ²h±by±p±rarahit±na½ dv±r±dibh±vo dhammat±. Imasmiñca atthe “yan”ti etassa yasm±ti attho. Purimasmi½ sambhavanavisesana½ ya½-saddo. “Suñño g±moti kho, bhikkhave, channeta½ ajjhattik±na½ ±yatan±na½ adhivacanan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.238) vacanato suññag±mo viya daµµhabb±ni. Annap±nasahitanti gahite suññag±me ya½ yadeva bh±jana½ par±mas²yati, ta½ ta½ rittaka½yeva par±mas²yati, eva½ dhuv±dibh±vena gahit±ni yoniso upaparikkhiyam±n±ni rittak±neva et±ni dissant²ti. Ten±ha “dhuvasubhasukhattabh±vavirahitatt±”ti. Cakkh±didv±resu abhijjh±domanassupp±dakabh±vena r³p±d²ni cakkh±d²na½ abhigh±tak±n²ti vutt±ni. Ahisusum±rapakkh²kukkurasiªg±lamakkaµ± cha p±ºak±. Visamabil±k±sag±masus±navan±ni tesa½ gocar±. Tattha visam±di-ajjh±sayehi cakkh±d²hi visamabh±vabil±k±sag±masus±nasannissitasadis³p±dinnadhammavanabh±vehi abhiramitatt± r³p±d²na½ visam±disadisat± yojetabb±.

Iti ±yatan±na½ vitth±rakath±mukhavaººan±.