At²t±divibh±gakath±vaººan±

Abhidhammantogadhampi suttantabh±jan²ya½ suttantanayo eva, ekanta-abhidhammanayo pana abhidhammabh±jan²yanti ±ha “abhidhamme padabh±jan²yanayen±”ti.
493. Bhagavat± pana eva½ khandh± vitth±rit±ti sambandho. Tasm± im±yapi p±¼iy± vasena khandh±na½ sa½vaººana½ kariss±m±ti adhipp±yo. Ya½ kiñc²ti ettha yanti s±maññena aniyamadassana½. Kiñc²ti pak±rabheda½ ±masitv± aniyamadassana½. Ubhayen±pi at²ta½ v±…pe… santike v± appa½ v± bahu½ v± y±disa½ v± t±disa½ v± napu½sakaniddes±raha½ sabba½ by±petv± gaºh±t²ti ±ha “anavasesapariy±d±nan”ti. Eva½ pana aññesupi napu½sakaniddes±rahesu pasaªga½ disv± tattha adhippetattha½ aticca pavattanato atippasaªgassa niyamanattha½ r³panti vuttanti dassento “r³panti atippasaªganiyamanan”ti ±ha. Ya½ kiñc²ti ca ya½-sadda½ eka½ pada½, sanip±ta½ ki½-saddañca eka½ padanti gahetv± aniyamekatthad²panato “padadvayen±p²”ti vutta½. Ass±ti r³passa. At²t±din± vibh±ga½ ±rabhati at²t±n±gatapaccuppannanti-±din±.
494. Addh±santatisamayakhaºavasen±ti ettha cutipaµisandhiparicchinne k±le addh±-saddo vattat²ti “ahosi½ nu kho ahamat²tamaddh±nan”ti-±disuttavasena (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20) viññ±yati. Tath± hi bhaddekarattasuttepi “at²ta½ n±nv±gameyy±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.272, 275, 276, 277) addh±vaseneva at²t±dibh±vo vutto. “Tayome, bhikkhave, addh±, katame tayo? At²to addh± an±gato addh± paccuppanno addh±”ti (d². ni. 3.305; itivu. 63) pana paramatthato paricchijjam±no addh± niruttipathasuttavasena khaºaparicchinno vutto. Tattha hi “ya½, bhikkhave, r³pa½ j±ta½…pe… p±tubh³ta½. Atth²ti tassa saªkh±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.62) vijjam±nassa paccuppannat±, tato pubbe, pacch± ca at²t±n±gatat± vutt±. Tadaññasuttesu pana yebhuyyena cutipaµisandhiparicchinno at²t±diko addh± vuttoti so eva idh±pi “addh±vasen±”ti vutto.
S²ta½ s²tassa sabh±go, tath± uºha½ uºhassa. Ya½ pana s²ta½, uºha½ v± sar²re sannipatita½ sant±navasena pavattam±na½ an³na½ anadhika½ ek±k±ra½, ta½ eko ut³ti vuccat²ti sabh±ga-utuno anekatt± eka-ggahaºa½ kata½, eva½ ±h±repi. Ekav²thi-ekajavanasamuµµh±nanti pañcachaµµhadv±ravasena vutta½. Santatisamayakath± vipassak±na½ upak±ratth±ya aµµhakath±su kathit±. Janako hetu, upathambhako paccayo, tesa½ upp±dana½, upatthambhanañca kicca½. Yath± b²jassa aªkurupp±dana½, pathav²-±d²nañca tadupatthambhana½, kammassa kaµatt±r³pavip±kupp±dana½, ±h±r±d²na½ tadupatthambhana½, eva½ ekekassa kal±passa, cittupp±dassa ca janak±na½ kamm±nantar±dipaccayabh³t±na½, upatthambhak±nañca sahaj±tapurej±tapacch±j±t±na½ kicca½ yath±sambhava½ yojetabba½. Eva½ utu-±d²na½ sabh±gavisabh±gat±sambhavato ta½samuµµh±n±na½ r³p±na½ santativasena at²t±divibh±go vutto, kammassa pana ekabhavanibbattakassa sabh±gavisabh±gat± natth²ti ta½samuµµh±n±na½ r³p±na½ santativasena at²t±divibh±ga½ avatv± upatthambhakavaseneva vutto. Yad± pana liªgaparivattana½ hoti, tad± balavat± akusalena purisaliªga½ antaradh±yati, dubbalena kusalena itthiliªga½ p±tubhavati. Dubbalena ca akusalena itthiliªga½ antaradh±yati, balavat± kusalena purisaliªga½ p±tubhavat²ti kammasamuµµh±nar³p±nampi attheva visabh±gat±ti tesampi santativasena at²t±divibh±go sambhavati, so pana na sabbak±likoti na gahito.
Ta½ta½samayanti ekamuhutt±diko so so samayo etass±ti ta½ta½samaya½, r³pa½, ta½ta½samayavantanti attho.
Tato pubbeti tato khaºattayassa pariy±pattito pubbe. Anuppannatt± an±gata½. Pacch±ti tato pacch±. Khaºattaya½ atikkantatt± at²ta½. Yassa hetukicca½, paccayakiccañca niµµhitatt± atikkanta½, ta½ at²ta½ upp±dakkhaºe hetukicca½, uppannaphalatt± niµµhitañc±ti daµµhabba½. T²supi khaºesu paccayakicca½. Pathav²-±d²na½ sandh±raº±dika½, phass±d²na½ phusan±dikañca attano kicca½ sakicca½, sakiccassa karaºakkhaºo sakiccakkhaºo, saha v± kiccena sakicca½, yasmi½ khaºe sakicca½ r³pa½ v± ar³pa½ v± hoti, so sakiccakkhaºo, tasmi½ khaºe paccuppanna½. Ettha ca khaº±dikath±ya½ “tato pubbe an±gata½, pacch± at²tan”ti vacana½ addh±d²su viya bhed±bh±vato nippariy±ya½. Addh±divasena hi aññeva dhamm± at²t± aññe an±gat± aññe paccuppann± labbhanti, khaº±divasena pana natthi dhammato bhedo, k±lato eva bhedo. Upp±dato pubbe an±gato khaºattaye vattam±no, tato para½ at²toti nippariy±y±, addh±paccuppann±di viya kenaci pariy±yena at²taman±gatanti ca vattabbat±bh±vato.
495. Heµµh± vutta½ ajjhattikab±hirabheda½ sandh±ya “vuttanayo ev±”ti vatv± tena aparitussam±nena yadipi tattha ajjhattameva ajjhattikanti saddattho labbhati, tath±pi attheva ajjhatta-ajjhattikasadd±na½, bahiddh±b±hirasadd±nañca aññamañña½ atthabhedo. Tath± hi ajjhattikasaddo saparasant±nikesu cakkh±d²su r³p±d²su b±hirasaddo viya pavattati, ajjhattasaddo pana tassa tassa sattassa sasant±nikesveva cakkhur³p±d²su tato aññesu bahiddh±saddo viya pavattati. Tasm± tamattha½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha idh±ti imasmi½ suttantanaye. Niyakajjhattampi na pubbe vutta-ajjhattikameva, parapuggalikampi na pubbe vuttab±hiramev±ti adhipp±yo.
496. H²napaº²tabhedo pariy±yato, nippariy±yato ca veditabboti sambandho. Tadeva sudass²na½ r³pa½. Yatth±ti yasmi½ ±rammaºabh³te. Ya½ ±rammaºa½ katv± akusalavip±kaviññ±ºa½ uppajjati, ta½ h²na½ aniµµhabh±vato. Ya½ kusalavip±ka½, ta½ paº²ta½ iµµhabh±vato. Yath± hi akusalavip±ko saya½ aniµµho aniµµhe eva uppajjati, na iµµhe, eva½ kusalavip±kopi saya½ iµµho iµµhe eva uppajjati, na aniµµhe. Tath± hi vutta½ aµµhakath±ya½
“Akusalakammajavasena aniµµh± pañca k±maguº± vibhatt±, kusalakammaja½ pana aniµµha½ n±ma natthi, sabba½ iµµhameva. Kusalakammajavasena iµµh± pañca k±maguº± vibhatt±. Kusalakammajañhi aniµµha½ n±ma natthi, sabba½ iµµhamev±”ti (vibha. aµµha. 6) ca.
Tattha man±p±nipi k±nici hatthir³p±d²ni akusalakammanibbatt±ni santi, na pana t±ni tesa½yeva hatthi-±d²na½ sukhassa hetubh±va½ gacchanti. Tassa tasseva hi sattassa attan± katena kusalena nibbatta½ sukhassa paccayo hoti, akusalena nibbatta½ dukkhassa. Tasm± kammaj±na½ iµµh±niµµhat± kammak±rakasattassa vasena yojan±rah± siy±. Tattha ya½ vutta½ “kusalakammaja½ aniµµha½ n±ma natth²”ti, na ca vutta½ “akusalakammaja½ iµµha½ n±ma natth²”ti, tena akusalakammajampi sobhana½ parasatt±na½ iµµha½ atth²ti anuññ±ta½ bhavissati, kusalakammaja½ pana sabbesa½ iµµhamev±ti.
Tiracch±nagat±na½ pana kesañci manussar³pa½ aman±pa½, yato te disv±va pal±yanti, manuss± ca devat±r³pa½ passitv± bh±yanti, tesampi vip±kaviññ±ºa½ ta½ r³pa½ ±rabbha kusalavip±kameva uppajjati, t±disassa pana puññassa abh±v± na tesa½ tattha abhirati hoti. Kusalakammajassa pana aniµµhassa abh±vo viya akusalakammajassa ca iµµhassa abh±vo vattabbo. Hatthi-±d²nampi hi akusalakammaja½ manuss±na½ akusalavip±kasseva ±rammaºa½, kusalakammaja½ pana pavatte samuµµhita½ kusalavip±kassa. Iµµh±rammaºena pana vomissakatt± appaka½ akusalakammaja½ bahula½ akusalavip±kuppattiy± k±raºa½ na bhavissat²ti sakk± viññ±tu½, vip±ka½ pana na sakk± vañcetunti vip±kavasena iµµh±niµµh±rammaºavavatth±na½ suµµhu yujjati. Ya½ pana vutta½ “aniµµh± pañca k±maguº±”ti, ta½ r³p±dibh±vas±maññato k±maguºasadisat±ya ta½sadisesu tabboh±rena vutta½. Iµµh±neva hi r³p±d²ni “k±maguº±”ti p±¼iya½ (ma. ni. 1.164-165, 177-178, 287; 2.155, 280; 3.57, 190; sa½. ni. 5.30) vutt±ni. K±maguºavisabh±g± v± r³p±dayo “k±maguº±”ti vutt± asive sivoti voh±ro viya, sabb±ni v± iµµh±niµµh±ni r³p±d²ni taºh±vatthubh±vato k±maguº± eva. Vuttañhi “r³p± loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pan”ti-±di (d². ni. 2.400; ma. ni. 1.133). Atisayena pana kaman²yatt± suttesu k±maguº±ti iµµhar³p±d²ni vutt±ni.
Vuttanayamev±ti abhidesena lakkhaºato d³rasantika½ dassitanti ±ha “ok±satopettha up±d±yup±d±ya d³rasantikat± veditabb±”ti. Tattha kittakato paµµh±ya r³pa½ ok±savasena santike n±ma, kittakato pana paµµh±ya d³re n±ma? Pakatikath±ya kathent±na½ dv±dasa hatth± savan³pac±ro n±ma, tassa orato santike, parato d³re. Tattha sukhumar³pa½ d³re honta½ lakkhaºatopi ok±satopi d³re hoti, santike honta½ pana ok±satova santike hoti, na lakkhaºato. O¼±rikar³pa½ santike honta½ lakkhaºatopi ok±satopi santike hoti, d³re honta½ ok±satova hoti, na lakkhaºato. “Up±d±yup±d±y±”ti pana vuttatt± attano r³pa½ santike n±ma, antokucchigatass±pi parassa d³re. Antokucchigatassa santike, bahi µhitassa d³reti eva½ antogabbhapamukhapariveºasaªgh±r±mas²m±g±makhettajanapadarajjasamuddacakkav±¼esu tadantogatabahigat±na½ vasena d³rasantikat± veditabb±.
497. Tadekajjhanti ta½ ekajjha½ ekato. Abhisa½y³hitv±ti sa½haritv±, sam³ha½ v± katv±. Abhisaªkhipitv±ti saªkhipitv± saªkhepa½ katv±. “Sabbampi r³pa½…pe… dassita½ hot²”ti imin± r³pakhandhasadd±na½ sam±n±dhikaraºasam±sabh±va½ dasseti. Tenev±ha “na hi r³pato añño r³pakkhandho n±ma atth²”ti.
498. R±sibh±v³pagamanena vedan±kkhandh±dayoti dassit± hont²ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½.
Santativasena, khaº±divasena c±ti ettha addh±samayavasena at²t±divibh±gassa avacana½ sukh±divasena bhinn±ya at²t±dibh±vavacanato. Na hi sukh± eva addh±vasena, samayavasena ca at²t±dik± hoti, tath± dukkh± eva, adukkhamasukh± eva ca k±yikacetasik±dibh±vena bhinn±, tena vedan±samud±yo addh±samayavasena at²t±dibh±vena vattabbata½ arahati samud±yassa tehi paricchinditabbatt±, vedanekades± pana gayham±n± santatikhaºehi pariccheda½ arahanti tath± paricchinditv± gahetabbato. Ekasantatiya½ pana sukh±d²su anekabhedabhinnesu yo bhedo paricchinditabbabh±vena gahito, tassa ekappak±rassa p±kaµassa paricchedik± ta½sahitadv±r±lambanappavatt±, avicchedena tadupp±dakekavidhavisayasam±yogappavatt± ca santati bhavitu½ arahat²ti tass± bhedantara½ an±masitv± paricchedakabh±vena gahaºa½ kata½, lahuparivattino v± ar³padhamm± parivattaneneva paricchedena paricchindana½ arahant²ti santatikhaºavaseneva paricchedo vutto. Ekavidhavisayasam±yogappavatt± divasampi buddhar³pa½ passantassa, dhamma½ suºantassa pavattasaddh±disahitavedan± paccuppann±. “Pubbant±parantamajjhattagat±”ti etena hetupaccayakiccavasena vuttanaya½ dasseti.
499. Saby±p±rasa-uss±hasavip±kat± kusal±d²hi t²hipi s±dh±raº±ti as±dh±raºameva dassetu½ “s±vajjakiriyahetuto”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha s±vajjakiriyahetutoti p±º±tip±t±dig±rayhakiriy±nimittato. Kilesasant±pabh±vatoti kilesapari¼±hena sadarathabh±vato V³pasantasabh±v±ya kusal±ya vedan±ya o¼±rik±. Saby±p±ratoti sa-²hato. Tena yath± pavattam±n±yass± vip±kena bhavitabba½, tath± pavatti½ vadanto vip±kupp±danayogyatam±ha. Sa-uss±hatoti sasattito, tena vip±kupp±danasamatthata½. Savip±katoti vip±kasabbh±vato, tena paccayantarasamav±yenass± vip±kanibbattana½. T²hipi padehi vip±kadhammata½yeva dasseti. K±yakamm±diby±p±rasabbh±vato v± saby±p±rato, javanuss±havasena sa-uss±hato, vip±kupp±danasamatthat±vasena savip±katoti evamettha attho veditabbo. Vip±ka½ anupp±dent²pi kiriy± kusal± viya saby±p±r±, sa-uss±h± eva ca hot²ti tadubhaya½ an±masitv± kiriy±by±katav±re “savip±kato” icceva vutta½. Saby±bajjhatoti kilesadukkhena sadukkhato. Vuttavipariy±yatoti anavajjakiriyahetuto, kilesasant±p±bh±vato, aby±bajjhato ca v³pasantavutt²ti eva½ akusal±ya vuttavipall±sato. Yath±yoganti yog±nur³pa½. T²su k±raºesu ya½ ya½ yass± yass± yujjati, tadanur³panti attho. Kusal±kusalavedan±hi vip±kaby±kat±ya t²hipi k±raºehi o¼±rik±. Kiriy±by±kat±ya savip±kato savip±kat±visiµµhasaby±p±rasa-uss±hato v±ti. Vuttapariy±yen±ti vip±kaby±kat± aby±p±rato anuss±hato, avip±kato ca t±hi kusal±kusalavedan±hi sukhum±. Kiriy±by±kat± avip±kato, avip±kat±visiµµhasaby±p±rasa-uss±hato v±ti eva½ kusal±kusal±ya vuttavipall±sena. Kammavegakkhitt± hi kammapaµibimbabh³t± ca k±yakamm±diby±p±ravirahato niruss±h± vip±k±. Sa-uss±h± ca kiriy± avip±kadhamm±. Savip±kadhamm± hi sagabbh± viya o¼±rik±ti.
500. Nirass±datoti ass±d±bh±vato sukhapaµikkhepato. Savipph±ratoti saparipphandato, anupasantatoti attho. Abhibhavanatoti ajjhottharaºato. Sukh±ya majjhattat± natthi, upekkh±ya s±tat±. Santat±dayo pana sabbattha sukhupekkh±su labbhant²ti “yath±yogan”ti vutta½. P±kaµatoti sukhito dukkhitoti disv±pi j±nitabbatt± vibh³tabh±vato. adukkhamasukh± vedan±.
501. Asam±pannasam±panna-ggahaºena cettha bh³mivasen±pi vedan±na½ o¼±rikasukhumat± vutt±ti veditabb±. Itar± sam±pannassa vedan±.
Oghaniyatoti oghehi ±rammaºa½ katv± atikkamitabbato. Tath± yoganiyato, ganthaniyato c±ti etth±pi ganthova ganthana½, tassa hita½ ±rammaºabh±vena sambandhanatoti ganthaniya½. Eva½ n²varaºiya½, up±d±niyañca veditabba½. Sa½kilese niyutt±, sa½kilesa½ v± arahant²ti sa½kilesik±. S± an±sav±.
502. Tatth±ti yath±vutt±ya o¼±rikasukhumat±ya. Sambhedoti saªkaro. “O¼±rik±, sukhum±”ti ca vutt±nampi j±ti-±divasena puna sukhumo¼±rikabh±v±pattidoso yath± na hoti, tath± pariharitabbo. J±tivasena sukhum±ya vedan±ya sabh±vapuggalalokiyavasena o¼±rikata½ p±¼ivasena dassetu½ “vuttañhetan”ti-±di vutta½. Eva½ sukh±dayop²ti ettha akusal± vedan± j±tivasena o¼±rik±, sabh±vavasena sukhum±. Kusalajjh±nasahagat± sukh± vedan± j±tivasena o¼±rik±, sam±pannassa vedan±ti katv± puggalavasena sukhum±ti evam±din± yojetabb±. “Na par±masitabbo”ti etena j±ti-±dayo catt±ro koµµh±s± aññamañña½ avomissak± eva gahetabb±. Eva½ sambhedassa parih±ro, na aññath±ti dasseti. Yath± aby±katamukhena, eva½ kusal±kusalamukhenapi, yath± ca j±timukhena, eva½ sabh±v±dimukhenapi dassetabbanti imamattha½ “esa nayo sabbatth±”ti atidisati.
Id±ni j±ti-±dikoµµh±sesupi mitho akusal±d²na½ up±d±yup±d±ya o¼±rikasukhumata½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di ±raddha½. “Nissayadahanato”ti imin± dosasahagat±ya p±kaµa½ kur³rappavatti½ dasseti. Niyat±ti micchattaniy±mena niyat±, ±nantariyabh±vappatt± kappatiµµhanakavip±kat±ya kappaµµhitik± devadatt±d²na½ viya. Asaªkh±rik± sabh±vatikhiºat±ya o¼±rik±. Diµµhisampayutt± mah±s±vajjat±ya o¼±rik±. S±pi diµµhisampayutt± niyat± o¼±rik±, tato kappaµµhitik±, tato asaªkh±rik±ti tividh±pi heµµh± vuttanayatt± ekajjha½ vutt± visu½ visu½yeva yojetabb±. Ten±ha “itar± sukhum±”ti. Avisesen±ti dosasahagat±, lobhasahagat±ti abhedena. Akusal± bahuvip±k± dosussannat±ya o¼±rik±. Tath± kusal± appavip±k±. Mandadosatt± akusal± appavip±k± sukhum±. Tath± kusal± bahuvip±k±.
O¼±rikasukhumanikantivatthubh±vato k±m±vacar±d²na½ o¼±rikasukhumat±, lokuttar± pana ekantasukhum±va. Tatth±pi ca vibh±ga½ parato vakkhati. Bh±van±may±p²ti bh±van±may±ya bhedanena d±nas²lamay±nampi bhedana½ nayato dassitanti veditabba½. Bh±van±ya paguºabalavak±l±d²su kad±ci ñ±ºavippayuttacittenapi manasik±ro hot²ti vutta½ “bh±van±may±pi duhetuk±”ti. Ta½ta½bh³mivip±kakiriy±vedan±s³ti ettha “k±m±vacaravip±k± o¼±rik±, r³p±vacar± sukhum±”ti-±din± y±va arahattaphal± netabba½. “K±m±vacarakiriy± o¼±rik±, r³p±vacarakiriy± sukhum±”ti-±din± k±m±vacar± ca “d±n±k±rappavatt± o¼±rik±, s²l±k±rappavatt± sukhum±”ti-±din± y±va nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatan± netabba½. Yath± ca j±tikoµµh±se aya½ vibh±go, eva½ sabh±vakoµµh±s±d²sup²ti dassetu½ “dukkh±d²”ti-±di vutta½.
Sabbo c±ya½ vibh±go lakkhaºasannissito vuttoti katv± ±ha “ok±savasena c±p²”ti-±di. Sukh±p²ti pi-saddena adukkhamasukha½ sampiº¹eti. Sabbatth±ti sabb±su bh³m²su. Yath±nur³panti y± y± vedan± yattha yattha labbhati, tadanur³pa½. Vatthuvasen±ti ya½ vatthu½ ±rabbha vedan± pavattati, tassa vasen±pi. H²navatthuk±ti h²na½ vatthu½ ±rammaºa½ katv± kaªgubhatta½ bhuñjantassa vedan± h²navatthukat±ya o¼±rik±. S±lima½sodana½ bhuñjantassa paº²tavatthukat±ya sukhum±ti.
503. ¾din± nayen±ti sabba½ p±¼igati½ ±masati. J±ti-±divasena asam±nakoµµh±sat± visabh±gat±. Dukkhavip±kat±divasena asadisakiccat± asa½saµµhat±, na asampayogo. Yadi siy±, d³ravipariy±yena santika½ hot²ti sa½saµµhat± santikat± ±pajjati, na ca vedan±ya vedan±sampayogo atthi. Santikapadavaººan±ya ca “sabh±gato ca sarikkhato c±”ti vakkhat²ti vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo. Asadisasabh±vat± asarikkhat±. Sabbav±res³ti o¼±rikasukhumabhede vuttanay±nus±rena vattabbesu sabbesu v±resu. J±ti-±divasena sam±nakoµµh±sat± sabh±gat±, dukkhavip±kat±divasena pana sadisasabh±vat± sarikkhat±. Ten±ha “akusal± pana…pe… santike”ti.

Iti vedan±kkhandhassa at²t±divibh±ge vitth±rakath±mukhavaººan±.