SaŖkh±rakkhandhakath±vaŗŗan±

458. R±sikaraŗalakkhaŗanti sampiŗ¹analakkhaŗa½, tato saŖkh±r± ±y³hanaras± vuccanti. Cetan±padh±nat±ya hi saŖkh±rakkhandhadhamm± eva½ vutt±. Tenev±ha “ki½ pana tanti saŖkh±r±yev±”ti-±di. Tattha saŖkhatamabhisaŖkharont²ti yath± attano phala½ saŖkhata½ sammadeva nipphanna½ hoti, eva½ abhisaŖkharont²ti attho. Vipph±rapaccupaµµh±n±ti ettha vipph±ro n±ma vipph±ravantat±, tasm± saby±p±rapaccupaµµh±n±ti attho.
Tasmi½ tasmi½ citte uppanne niyamena uppajjanato niyat±. Sar³pena ±gat±ti eva½ piµµhivattake akatv± p±¼iy± sar³peneva ±gat±. Kad±cideva uppajjanato na niyat±ti aniyat±. Yadipi aniyat± ekajjha½ na uppajjanti, tasmi½ pana citte uppajjanadhammat±ya “chatti½s±”ti vutta½. Ten±ha “uppajjam±n±pi ca na ekato uppajjant²”ti.
459. Phusat²ti kattuniddeso. Ya½ tattha k±raŗa½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. Phusanti eten±ti v± phasso. Sampayuttadhamm± hi ±rammaŗe pavattam±n± ta½ phusanalakkhaŗena phassena phusant± viya honti. ¾rammaŗaphusanamatta½ v± phassoti s±dhanattayampi yujjateva. Sabh±vadhammesu kattukaraŗas±dhanavacana½ tad±k±rasam±ropanato pariy±yakath±, bh±vas±dhanavacanameva nippariy±yakath±ti vutta½ “phusanalakkhaŗo”ti. Ayańh²ti-±di yath±vuttalakkhaŗ±disamatthana½. Yadi aya½ dhammo cetasiko, sv±ya½ ar³padhammo sam±no katha½ phusanalakkhaŗo, saŖghaµµanaras±diko ca hot²ti antol²na½ codana½ hadaye µhapetv± tassa sodhanattha½ “ar³padhammopi sam±no”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha “phusan±k±reneva pavattat²”ti imin± ar³pass±pi tassa dhammassa aya½ sabh±voti dasseti. S± ca tassa phusan±k±rappavatti ambila-ambapakk±di½ kh±danta½ passantassa parassa khe¼uppatti, para½ vib±dhiyam±na½ disv± day±lukassa sar²rakampana½, rukkhas±khagge duµµhita½ purisa½ disv± bh³miya½ µhitassa bh²rukapurisassa jaŖghacalana½, pis±c±dibh±yitabba½ disv± ³rukhambhoti evam±d²su paribyatt± hoti.
Ekadesen±ti kaµµhadvay±di viya attano ekapassena. Anall²yam±nop²ti asa½siliyam±nopi. R³pasaddehi saha phassassa s±mańńa½ anall²yam±nasaŖghaµµanameva, na visayabh±vo. Yath± r³pasadd± cakkhusot±ni anall²yam±n± eva “phusitan”ti-±din± vutt±, eva½ phassass±pi ±rammaŗaphusanasaŖghaµµan±n²ti. SaŖghaµµanańca phassassa citt±rammaŗ±na½ sannipatanabh±vo eva. Ten±ha “cittam±rammaŗańca saŖghaµµet²”ti. Kiccaµµhena rasena saŖghaµµanarasat± vutt±, vatth±rammaŗasannip±tena v± sampajjat²ti saŖghaµµanasampattiko phasso saŖghaµµanaraso vutto. Yath± “dve p±ŗ² vajjeyyun”ti-±d²su (mi. pa. 2.3.8) p±ŗissa p±ŗimhi saŖghaµµana½ tabbisesabh³t± r³padhamm±, eva½ cittassa ±rammaŗe saŖghaµµana½ tabbisesabh³to eko cetasikadhammo daµµhabbo. “Tiŗŗa½ saŖgati phasso”ti (ma. ni. 1.204; 3.421, 425, 426; sa½. ni. 2.43-44; 4.60) vacanato cakkhur³pavińń±ŗ±d²na½ saŖgativasena gahetabbatt± ±ha “tikasannip±tasaŖkh±tass±”ti-±di. Tassa phassassa k±raŗabh³to tadanur³po samann±h±ro tajj±samann±h±ro. Indriyassa tadabhimukhabh±vo, ±vajjan±ya ca ±rammaŗakaraŗa½ visayassa parikkhatat± abhisaŖkhatat±, vińń±ŗassa visayabh±vakaraŗanti attho. Yath± niccamm± g±v² ya½ ya½ µh±na½ upagat±, tattha tattha dukkhameva p±puŗ±ti, eva½ phasse sati vedan± uppajjateva. Vedan± ca dukkhasall±disabh±v±ti vutta½ “vedan±dhiµµh±nabh±vato pana niccammag±v² viya daµµhabbo”ti.
460. Abhisandahati pabandhati pavatteti. Cetan±bh±vo by±p±rabh±vo. ¾y³hana½ cetayana½ ²riyana½. Sa½vidahana½ vic±raŗa½. ¾y³hanaras±ya cetan±ya pavattam±n±ya sabbepi sampayuttadhamm± yath±saka½ kiccappasut± hont²ti s± sakiccaparakiccas±dhik± vutt±. Jeµµhasisso pare sajjh±yane uyyojento sayampi sajjh±yati. Mah±va¹¹hakimhi va¹¹hakikamma½ k±tum±raddhe itarepi karontiyeva. Uss±hanabh±ven±ti ±darakaraŗabh±vena. S± hi saya½ ±darabh³t± sampayuttadhamme ±darayat²ti. ¾y³hanavasena uss±hana½ daµµhabba½, na v²riyuss±havasena.
461. V²rabh±voti yena v²ro n±ma hoti, so dhammoti attho. Vidhin± ²retabba½ pavattetabbanti v± v²riya½, uss±ho, ta½ta½kiccasam±rambho, parakkamo v±. Upatthambhana½ sampayuttadhamm±na½ kosajjapakkhe patitu½ adatv± dh±raŗa½ anubalappad±na½, sampaggaŗhana½ v±. Sa½s²danapaµipakkho dhammo asa½s²dana½, na sa½s²dan±bh±vamattanti asa½s²danabh±vena paccupatiµµhat²ti vutta½ “asa½s²danabh±vapaccupaµµh±nan”ti. Sa½vegapadaµµh±nanti aµµhasa½vegapubbik±ya (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.418) kusalakiriy±ya v²riy±rambhavatthupadaµµh±na½. “Maggo gantabbo hoti, maggo gato, kamma½ k±tabba½, kamma½ kata½, appamattako ±b±dho uppanno, gil±n± vuµµhito hoti, aciravuµµhito gelańń±, g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± piŗ¹±ya vicaranto na labhati l³khassa v± paŗ²tassa v± bhojanassa y±vadattha½ p±rip³ri½, labhati…pe… p±rip³rin”ti eva½ vutt±ni et±ni anur³papaccavekkhaŗ±sahit±ni aµµha v²riy±rambhavatth³ni, ta½m³lak±ni v± paccavekkhaŗ±ni.
462. Attan± anup±letabb±na½ sahaj±tadhamm±na½ anup±lana½ j²vitassa by±p±ro, tańca nesa½ j²vananti ta½ tassa k±raŗabh±va½ purakkhatv± vutta½ “j²vanti ten±”ti. Tampi cassa atthato j²vanamev±ti ±ha “j²vanamattameva v± tan”ti.
463. ¾dhiyat²ti µhapeti. Avis±ro attano eva avisaraŗasabh±vo. Avikkhepo sampayutt±na½ dhamm±na½ avikkhittat±. Yena sampayutt± avikkhitt± honti, so dhammo avikkhepoti. Av³pasamalakkhaŗassa vikkhepassa paµipakkhat±ya cittassa upasaman±k±rena paccupatiµµhat²ti upasamapaccupaµµh±no. Visesatoti yebhuyyena. Sukhavirahitopi hi atthi sam±dh²ti. D²paccinidassanena sant±naµhitibh±va½ sam±dhissa dasseti.
464. Saddahanti et±y±ti saddahanakiriy±ya pavattam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ tattha ±dhipaccabh±vena saddh±ya paccayata½ dasseti. Tass± hi dhamm±na½ tath±paccayabh±ve sati puggalo saddahat²ti voh±ro hoti. Saddahana½ saddheyyavatthuno pattiy±yana½, ta½ lakkhaŗa½ etiss±ti saddahanalakkhaŗ±. Okappanalakkhaŗ±ti anupavisitv± evametanti kappanalakkhaŗ±. K±lussiyamala½ vidhametv± sampayutt±na½, puggalasseva v± pas±dana½ an±vilabh±vakaraŗa½ raso etiss±ti pas±danaras±. Pakkhandana½ adhimuccanavasena ±rammaŗassa anupavisana½. Ak±lusabh±vo ak±lussiya½, an±vilabh±voti attho. Pas±dan²yaµµh±nesu pas±davipar²ta½ akusala½ assaddhiya½, micch±dhimutti ca, tappaccan²kova pas±dabh³to vatthugato nicchayo adhimutti, na yev±panak±dhimokkho. Ratanattaya½, kamma½, kammaphalańca saddheyyavatthu. Sappurisasa½sevanasaddhammasavanayonisomanasik±radhamm±nudhammappaµipattiyo sot±pattiyaŖg±ni. Kusaladhamm±na½ ±d±ne hattha½ viya, sabbasampattisampad±ne vitta½ viya, amatakasiphalaphalane b²ja½ viya daµµhabb±.
465. Saranti t±y±ti saraŗakiriy±ya pavattam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ tattha ±dhipaccabh±vena satiy± paccayata½ dasseti. Tass± hi dhamm±na½ tath±paccayabh±ve sati ta½samaŖgipuggalo sarat²ti voh±ro hoti. Udake al±bu viya pilavitv± gantu½ adatv± p±s±ŗassa viya niccalassa ±rammaŗassa µhapana½ saraŗa½ asammuµµhat±karaŗa½ apil±pana½. Sammosapaccan²ka½ kicca½ asammoso, na sammos±bh±vamatta½. “Sat±rakkhena cetas±”ti (a. ni. 10.20) vacanato ±rakkhapaccupaµµh±n±. Ańńato ±gantv± cittavisaye abhimukho bhavati et±y±ti visay±bhimukhabh±vo, sati. Satiy± vatthubh³t± k±y±dayova k±y±disatipaµµh±n±ni, sati eva v± purim± pacchim±ya padaµµh±na½.
466. K±yaduccarit±d²h²ti hetumhi karaŗavacana½. Hiriyat²ti lajj±k±rena jigucchati. Tehiyev±ti k±yaduccarit±d²hiyeva. Ottappat²ti ubbijjati. Hir² p±padhamme g³tha½ viya passant² jigucchat²ti ±ha “p±pato jigucchanalakkhaŗ± hir²”ti. Ottappa½ te uŗha½ viya passanta½ tato uttasat²ti vutta½ “utt±salakkhaŗa½ ottappan”ti. Vuttappak±ren±ti lajj±k±rena, utt±s±k±rena ca. Attag±ravapadaµµh±n± hir² ajjhattasamuµµh±nat±ya, att±dhipatit±ya ca. Parag±ravapadaµµh±na½ ottappa½ bahiddh±samuµµh±nat±ya, lok±dhipatit±ya ca. Tamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ k±tu½ “att±na½ h²”ti-±di vutta½. Ajjhattasamuµµh±n±dit± ca hiri-ottapp±na½ tattha tattha p±kaµabh±vena vutt±, na panetesa½ kad±ci ańńamańńavippayog±. Na hi lajjana½ nibbhaya½, p±pabhaya½ v± alajjana½ atth²ti. Lokap±lak±ti ettha “dveme, bhikkhave, sukk± dhamm± loka½ p±lent²”ti (a. ni. 2.9; itivu. 42) suttapada½ att±dhipati, lok±dhipatibh±ve ca “so att±na½yeva adhipati½ karitv±, so loka½yeva adhipati½ karitv±”ti (a. ni. 3.40) ca suttapad±ni ±haritv± vattabb±ni.
467. Yasm± lobhapaµipakkho alobhoti ye dhamm± tena sampayutt±, ta½samaŖgino v± satt± tena na lubbhanti, saya½ kad±cipi na lubbhateva, atthato v± alubbhan±k±ro eva ca hoti, tasm± vutta½ “na lubbhant²”ti-±di. Eseva nayoti “na dussanti ten±”ti-±din± k±rakattayayojana½ atidisati. Agedho agijjhana½ anabhikaŖkhana½. Alaggabh±vo an±sattat±. Apariggaho kassaci vatthuno mamattavasena asaŖgaho. Anall²no bh±vo adhipp±yo etass±ti anall²nabh±vo. Evańhi upam±ya sameti.
468. Caŗ¹ikassa bh±vo caŗ¹ikka½, kopo. Tappaµipakkho acaŗ¹ikka½, aby±p±do. Avirodho aviggaho. Anuk³lamitto anuvattako. Vinayarasoti vinayanaraso. Sommabh±vo mejjanavasena hil±dan²yat±.
469. Dhamm±na½ yo yo sabh±vo yath±sabh±vo, tassa tassa paµivijjhana½ yath±sabh±vapaµivedho. Akkhalita½ avirajjhitv± paµivedho akkhalitapaµivedho. Visayassa obh±sana½ tappaµicch±dakasammohandhak±ravidhamana½ visayobh±sana½. Katthacipi visaye asammuyhan±k±reneva paccupatiµµhati, sammohapaµipakkhat±ya v± tadabh±va½ paccupaµµhapet²ti asammohapaccupaµµh±no. Sabbakusal±na½ m³labh³t±ti sabbesa½ catubh³makakusaladhamm±na½ suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanena patiµµh±bh³t±, na tesa½ kusalabh±vas±dhanena. Yadi hi tesa½ kusalabh±vo kusalam³lapaµibaddho siy±, eva½ sati ta½samuµµh±nar³pesu hetupaccayat± na siy±. Na hi te tesa½ kusal±dibh±va½ s±dhenti, na ca paccay± na honti. Vuttańheta½ “het³ hetusampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nańca r³p±na½ hetupaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.1). Yath± ca kusalabh±vo, eva½ aby±katabh±vopi aby±katam³lappaµibaddho siy±. Tath± sati ahetukacitt±na½ aby±katabh±vo eva na siy±, akusalesu ca yattha eka½yeva m³la½, tassa akusalabh±vo na siy±, ubhayampi hotiyeva. Tasm± na m³lappaµibaddho kusal±dibh±vo, atha kho yonisomanasik±r±dipaµibaddho. Tesa½ pana suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhan±ni m³l±n²ti gahetabba½.