Pavattito pana vip±kassa, kusalassa ca attheva bhedoti ta½ dassetu½ “kusala½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Kusala½ viya kasiºuggh±µim±k±s±di-±rammaºabhedato catubbidha½. Pavattibhedo vuttanayova javanavasena, paµisandhi-±divasena ca pavattanato.
Catumaggayuttacittaphalatt±ti cat³hi ariyamaggehi sampayuttakusalacittassa phalatt±, catubbidhas±maññaphalasampayuttabh±vatoti attho. Maggav²thiya½ dvikkhattu½, tikkhattu½ v± phalasam±pattiya½ aparicchinnaparim±ºa½ pavattam±nampi dv²su µh±nesu pavattiy± “dvidh± pavattat²”ti vutta½. Sabbamp²ti tev²satividha½ k±m±vacaravip±ka½, pañcavidha½ r³p±vacaravip±ka½, catubbidha½ ar³p±vacaravip±ka½, catubbidhameva lokuttaravip±kanti sabbampi vip±kaviññ±ºa½ n±tisaªkhepavitth±ranayena chatti½savidha½ hoti.
Bh³mibhedato tividha½ lokuttarassa abh±vato. Lokuttarañhi kiriyacitta½ natthi ekantena anantaravip±kad±yibh±vato. Vuttañhi “sam±dhim±nantarikaññam±h³”ti (khu. p±. 6.5; su. ni. 228). Hotu t±va sekkh±na½ uppajjam±na½ anuttara½ kusala½ puggalantarabh±v³panayanato saphala½, arahato pana uppajjam±na½ puggalantarabh±v³panayanato nipphala½, tassa kiriyabh±vo kasm± na icchitoti? Icchitabbo siy±. Yadi tassa punappuna½ uppatti siy±, saki½yeva pana lokuttarakusala½ pavattati. Yadi hi punappuna½ pavatteyya, maggacitta½ arahatopi pavattat²ti lokuttarakiriyacitta½ siy±, na ceta½ atthi payojan±bh±vato. Tasm± natthi lokuttarakiriyaviññ±ºa½. Kiriyaviññ±ºanti ca kiriy±matta½ viññ±ºa½, kusal±kusala½ viya kiñci vip±ka½ anupp±detv± kiriy±mattameva hutv± pavattanakaviññ±ºanti attho. Kasm± paneta½ vip±ka½ na upp±det²ti? Vuccate– ettha hi yadeta½ ±vajjanadvaya½, ta½ anupacchinnabhavam³lepi sant±ne pavatta½ an±sevanat±ya dubbalabh±vato ab²jas±matthiya½ viya puppha½ aphalameva hoti. Ya½ pana ucchinnabhavam³l±ya½ santatiya½ pavatta½ aµµh±rasavidha½ viññ±ºa½, ta½ samucchinnam³l±ya lat±ya puppha½ viya phalad±yi na hot²ti veditabba½. Aññassa asambhavato kiriyahetun± n±ma alobh±din±va bhavitabbanti ±ha “alobh±dikiriyahetuvirahitan”ti.
Cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ purecar± hutv± r³p±di-±rammaº±na½ vij±nanalakkhaº± cakkhuviññ±º±dipurecarar³p±divij±nanalakkhaº±. Aya½ pana manoviññ±ºato uppann±pi visiµµhamananakicc±bh±vena manomatt± dh±t³ti manodh±tu. Tath± hes± manoviññ±ºassa paccayo na hoti. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana dh±tuniddese (visuddhi. 2.517) ±gamissati. ¾vajjanaras±ti ±bhogaras±, cittasant±nassa v± purim±k±rato aññath± oºojanaras±. Bhavaªgavicchedapadaµµh±n±ti bhavaªgasant±navicchedapadaµµh±n±. Apubb±rammaº± sakideva pavattam±n± sabbath± visayarasa½ anubhavitu½ na sakkot²ti iµµh±d²su sabbattha upekkh±yutt±va hoti.
S±dh±raº±ti sekkh±sekkhaputhujjan±na½ s±dh±raº±. As±dh±raº±ti asekkh±na½yeva ±veºik±. Voµµhabban±vajjanaras±ti pañcadv±re sant²raºena gahit±rammaºa½ vavatthapent² viya pavattanato voµµhabbanaras±, manodv±re pana vuttanayena ±vajjanaras±. Tath±bh±vena pañcadv±ramanodv±resu yath±kkama½ voµµhabban±vajjanabh±vena paccupatiµµhat²ti tath±bh±vapaccupaµµh±n±. Voµµhabbanak±le sant²raºakicc±na½ tissanna½ ahetukavip±kamanoviññ±ºadh±t³na½ ±vajjanak±le yassa kassaci bhavaªgass±ti imesa½ aññatar±pagamo etiss± ±sannak±raºanti ±ha “ahetuka…pe… padaµµh±n±”ti.
Arahatanti arahata½yeva as±dh±raºabh±vato. Anu¼±res³ti aµµhikasaªkhalikapetar³p±d²su, aññesu v± appaº²tesu vatth³su. Hasitupp±danaras±ti hasitasseva upp±danaras±. Tath± hi ta½ citta½ “hasitupp±danan”tveva vuccati, na aññesa½ hasitupp±dakacitt±na½ abh±vato. Aññ±nipi hi dv±dasa somanassasahagat±ni parittakusal±kusalakiriyacitt±ni yath±raha½ puthujjan±d²na½ hasitupp±dak±ni vijjanti, ida½ pana citta½ vic±raºapaññ±virahita½ parittesu appaº²tesu ±rammaºesu arahant±na½ somanassamatta½ upp±denta½ uppajjati. Bhagavatopi uppajjat²ti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½, ta½ at²ta½s±d²su appaµihatañ±ºa½ vatv± “imehi t²hi dhammehi samann±gatassa buddhassa bhagavato sabba½ k±yakamma½ ñ±ºapubbaªgama½ ñ±º±nuparivatt²”ti (mah±ni. 69; c³¼ani. moghar±jam±ºavapucch±niddesa 85; paµi. ma. 3.5) vacanato vic±retabbanti eke Tattha hasitupp±dacittena pavattiyam±nampi bhagavato sitakaraºa½ pubbeniv±s±n±gata½sasabbaññutaññ±º±na½ anuvattakatt± ñ±º±nuparivattiyev±ti eva½ pana ñ±º±nuparivattibh±ve sati na koci p±¼i-aµµhakath±na½ virodho. Evañca katv± aµµhakath±ya½ “tesa½ ñ±º±na½ ciººapariyante ida½ citta½ uppajjat²”ti vutta½. Avassañca eta½ eva½ icchitabba½, aññath± aññass±pi viññattisamuµµh±pakassa ahetukacittassa bhagavato uppatti na yujjeyya. Na hi viññattisamuµµh±pakassa ta½samuµµhit±ya viññattiy± k±yakamm±dibh±va½ ±pajjanabh±vo vibandhat²ti. Ekantato hadayavatthupadaµµh±n± pañcavok±rabhave eva uppajjanato.
Ayamettha visesoti aya½ sekkhaputhujjan±na½ uppattiy± vip±kupp±danasamatthat±, arahata½ uppattiy± tadabh±voti ubhayesa½ sant±ne uppattisamupalakkhito ettha kusalakiriyaviññ±ºesu viseso. Evañca katv± paccayavekallena avip±kass±pi kusal±kusalassa kiriyabh±vappasaªgo nivattito hoti. Parato kusalato visesoti etth±pi eseva nayo.
455. Sabb±nipi kusal±kusalaby±kat±ni ek³nanavuti viññ±º±ni honti n±tisaªkhepavitth±ranayen±ti adhipp±yo. Paµisandhiviññ±º±d²na½ kicca½ n±ma bhavantarapaµisandh±din± ±k±rena pavatti eva. Tabbinimuttañca cittassa añña½ kicca½ natth²ti ±ha “cuddasahi ±k±rehi pavattant²”ti.
¾nubh±ven±ti s±matthiyena. Kat³pacita½ hi kamma½ avasesapaccayasamav±ye vip±ka½ denta½ attano ±nubh±va½ vissajjanta½ viya hoti. Devamanusses³ti chasu k±m±vacaradevesu ceva manussesu ca. Kammakammanimittagatinimitt±nanti ettha kamma½ n±ma kat³pacita½ k±m±vacarakusalakamma½, tañca kho vip±kad±n±ya laddhok±sa½. Ten±ha “paccupaµµhitan”ti. Kammanimitta½ kamm±y³hanakkhaºe cetan±ya paccayabh³ta½ deyyadhamm±di. Gatinimitta½ ya½ gati½ upapajjati, tappariy±panna½ r³p±yatana½. Paº¹ak±dibh±vanti paº¹akam³gamamman±dibh±va½. Dubbalassa dvihetukakusalassa vip±kabh³t± upekkh±sahagat±hetumanoviññ±ºadh±tu dubbala…pe… manoviññ±ºadh±tu. Nesanti bh±vitar³p±r³p±vacarakusal±na½ satt±na½. Kammanimittamev±ti pathav²kasiº±dika½ attano kamm±rammaºameva.
Eva½ t±vetth±ti ettha viññ±ºakkhandhaniddese eva½ saªkhepato sar³padassanamatteneva ek³nav²satiy± vip±kaviññ±º±na½ paµisandhivasena pavatti veditabb±. Bhav±lamban±divibh±gena pana yadettha vattabba½, ta½ paµiccasamupp±dakath±ya½ ±gamissat²ti.
Ta½ tanti ek³nav²satiy± paµisandhiviññ±ºesu ya½ ya½ uppajjitv± niruddha½, ta½ ta½ anantara½ uppattiy± anubandham±na½. Tassa tassev±ti yassa yassa kammassa vip±kabh³ta½ paµisandhiviññ±ºa½, tassa tasseva. Tasmiññev±ti kamm±dike eva. Kammañce paµisandhiviññ±ºassa ±rammaºa½, tasmi½ kamme, atha kammanimitta½, gatinimittañca, tasmi½ kammanimitte gatinimitteti attho. T±disamev±ti y±disa½ paµisandhiviññ±ºa½ hetuto, sesasampayuttadhammato ca t±disameva. Sant±navinivattaketi bhavaªgasant±nassa vinivattanake. Aññasmi½ ±vajjanasaªkh±te cittupp±de. Kiriyamayacitteneva supinadassana½ hot²ti ±ha “supina½ apassato”ti. Aparim±ºasaªkhyampi pavattatiyeva, tath± hida½ upapattibhavassa aªgabh±vena pavattanato “bhavaªgan”ti vuccati. Tesaññev±ti paµisandhibh³t±na½yeva.
Indriy±n²ti cakkh±d²ni indriy±ni. ¾rammaºagahaºakkham±n²ti r³p±di-±rammaºa½ gahetu½ samatth±ni. M±tukucchigatak±le viya hi bahinikkhantak±lepi na t±va indriy±ni sakiccak±ni honti, anukkamena pana visadabh±va½ pattak±le eva sakiccak±ni honti. Tenev±ha “idha paripakkatt± ±yatan±nan”ti. ¾p±thagateti yogyades±vaµµhite. Tameva yogyades±vaµµhita½ r³pa½ paµicca ghaµµan± paccaya½ laddh±. Ghaµµan±ti paµigh±to, yena by±p±r±divisesapaccayantarasahite cakkhussa visaye vik±ruppattivisadisuppattivisayassa iµµh±niµµhabh±vena anuggaho, upagh±to c±ti attho. Tatoti ghaµµan±nantara½. Ghaµµan±nubh±ven±ti ghaµµan±balena. Bhavaªgacalananti bhavaªgacittassa pakampana½, tath± dvikkhattu½ pavattiy± visadisassa k±raºabh±v³pagamananti attho. Tañhi cittasant±nassa purim±vatth±ya bhinn±vatth±hetut±ya calana½ viy±ti “calanan”ti vutta½. Visayavisay²bh±vasiddh±ya dhammat±ya ±rammaºassa abhimukh²bh±vena pas±dassa t±va ghaµµan± hotu, aññasannissitassa pana bhavaªgassa calana½ katha½ hot²ti? Ta½sambandhabh±vato. Bheritale µhapit±su sakkhar±su ekiss± sakkhar±ya ghaµit±ya tadaññasakkhar±ya½ µhitamakkhik± calana½ cettha ud±haraºanti. Tadeva r³panti tadeva bhavaªgacalanassa paccayabh³ta½ ±p±thagata½ r³p±yatana½. Bhavaªga½ vicchindam±n± viy±ti bhavaªgasant±na½ vicchindant² viya. Tad±rammaºuppattiy± parato bhavaªgassa uppajjanato visayaggahaºa½ pañcadv±r±vajjana½ vatv± tadanantara½ dassan±d²su vattabbesu t±ni avatv± manodv±r±vajjanassa gahaºa½ uddese dvinna½ ±vajjan±na½ ±vajjanas±maññena gahitatt±.
¾vajjan±nantaranti pañcadv±r±vajjan±nantara½. Ye hadayavatthu viya sampaµicchan±div²thicitt±nipi n±nuj±nanti, tesa½ “sampaµicchan±ya cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuy±”ti-±din± tattha tattha p±¼i ±gat±. Na hi sakk± p±¼i½ paµisedhetu½.
“Sace mahanta½ hot²”ti ida½ javanapariyos±n±ya cittappavattiy± vuccam±natt± vutta½. Cuddasacittakkhaº±yukañhi ±rammaºamidha “mahantan”ti adhippeta½, tañca uppajjitv± dviticittakkhaº±t²ta½ hutv± ±p±thagamanavasena veditabba½.
Yath±vavatth±piteti voµµhabbanena vutt±k±rena katavavatth±pane. ¾vajjan±ya, voµµhabbanassa ca vuttatt± “avasesak±m±vacarakiriy±nan”ti avasesaggahaºa½ kata½. Cha satta v±ti -saddena “pañca v±”ti idampi vuttamev±ti daµµhabba½. Suttamucchit±dik±le hi pañcapi javan±ni javant²ti.
T±niyev±ti “aµµhanna½ v±”ti-±din± (visuddhi. 2.455) vutt±ni ek³nati½sa k±m±vacarajavan±niyeva. Ito añña½ manodv±r±vajjan±nantara½ uppajjanakacitta½ n±ma natth²ti dassanattha½ evak±raggahaºa½. “Gotrabh³to”ti ida½ gotrabhuµµh±niy±na½ parikammavod±n±nampi gahaºa½, na gotrabhuno eva. Phalacitt±n²ti sam±pattivasena pavattanakaphalacitt±ni. Ya½ ya½ laddhapaccayanti ya½ ya½ javana½ r³p±vacarajavan±divasena gotrabhu-anantara½ uppattiy± laddhapaccaya½.
Atimahantanti so¼asacittakkhaº±yuka½. Tattha hi tad±rammaºacitta½ uppajjati, na aññattha. Vibh³tanti sup±kaµa½, tañca k±m±vacarameva. Tattha hi tad±rammaºassa uppatti. K±m±vacarajavan±vas±neti k±m±vacarajavanasseva avas±ne. Na hi ta½ k±mataºh±hetukakammanibbatta½ mahaggat±nuttarajavana½ anubandhati ajanakatt±, janak±sadisatt± ca. Yath± gehato bahi gantuk±mo taruºad±rako janaka½, janakasadisa½ v± anubandhati, na añña½, evamidampi Tatth±pi na sabbasm± javan± sabba½ javanena tad±rammaºassa niyametabbato, ±rammaºena ca vedan±ya parivattetabbato. Tatth±ya½ niyamo– parittakusalalobhamoham³lasomanassasahagatakiriyajavan±na½ aññatar±nantara½ atimahati visaye pañcanna½ somanassasahagat±na½ aññatara½ tad±rammaºa½ uppajjati, tath± parittakusal±kusala-upekkh±sahagatakiriyajavan±na½ aññatar±nantara½ upekkh±sahagat±na½ channa½ tad±rammaº±na½ aññatara½ pavattati. Iµµh±rammaº±d²nanti iµµha-iµµhamajjhatta-aniµµh±rammaº±na½ vasen±ti sambandho. Tayida½ ±rammaºena vedan±parivattidassanattha½ vutta½. “Purimakammavasen±”ti ida½ tad±rammaºavisesadassanattha½. Na hi paµisandhijanakameva kamma½ tad±rammaºa½ janeti, atha kho aññakammampi. Ta½ pana paµisandhid±yin± kammena nibbattetabbatad±rammaºato visadisampi nibbattet²ti. “Javanacittavasen±”ti ida½ tad±rammaºaniyamadassanattha½. “Javanena tad±rammaºa½ niyametabban”ti hi vutta½. ¾di-saddena paµisandhicitta½ saªgaºh±ti. Tañhi attano ukkaµµhatarassa tad±rammaºassa paccayo na hoti. Yo yo paccayo laddho hot²ti yath±vuttesu iµµh±rammaº±d²su yo yo tad±rammaºassa uppattiy± paccayo samaveto hoti. Kiñci antaranti kiñci khaºantara½. Udakamiv±ti paµisota½ gacchanta½ udakamiva.
Dvikkhattu½ saki½ v±ti vacanasiliµµhavasena vutta½ “aµµha v± dasa v±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 8.11; p±r±. 11) viya. Dvikkhattu½yeva pana vaººenti. Vip±kacittatt±, ±vajjanassa ca vid³ratt±, m³labhavaªg±dibhavaªgas±maññasabbh±vato ca bhavaªgassa ±rammaºe pavattan±raha½ sam±na½ tassa javanassa ±rammaºa½ ±rammaºa½ etass±ti tad±rammaºanti vuccati ekassa ±rammaºasaddassa lopa½ katv± “k±m±vacara½, oµµhamukhan”ti ca yath±. Ettha ca keci “paµµh±ne ‘kusal±kusale niruddhe vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²’ti (paµµh±. 1.1.406) vip±kadhammadhamm±na½ eva anantara½ tad±rammaºa½ vuttan”ti kiriy±javan±nantara½ na icchanti. Vipph±ravanta½ hi javana½ n±va½ viya nad²soto bhavaªga½ anubandhati, na pana cha¼aªgupekkh±vato santavuttikiriyajavana½ paººapuµa½ viya nad²sototi. Tayida½ labbham±nass±pi kenaci adhipp±yena katthaci avacana½ dissati, yath± ta½ dhammasaªgahe akusalaniddese labbham±nopi adhipati na vutto. Yañca paººapuµa½ nidassita½, tampi nidassitabbena na sam±na½. N±v±paººapuµ±nañhi nad²sotassa ±vaµµana½, gati ca visadis²ti n±v±ya nad²sotassa anubandhana½, paººapuµassa ananubandhanañca yujjati, idha pana kiriyajavanetarajavan±na½ bhavaªgasotassa ±vaµµana½, gati ca sadis²ti etassa ananubandhana½, itarassa anubandhanañca na yujjati. Tasm± vic±retabba½.
Bhavaªgamev±ti avadh±raºa½ bhavapariyos±nassa idha na adhippetatt±. Aññath± tad±rammaº±vas±ne cutipi na hotiyeva. Dassan±d²n²ti dassanasavanagh±yanas±yanaphusan±ni. Iti-saddo ±di-attho, tena sampaµicchan±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Paµisandhito bhavaªgameva, bhavaªgato ±vajjanamev±ti eva½ pavattacittaniyamavaseneva. Tamp²ti cuticittampi. Paµisandhibhavaªgacitt±ni viya ek³nav²satividhameva hoti atthato bhed±bh±vato.
Bhavagatiµhitiniv±ses³ti t²su bhavesu, pañcasu gat²su, sattasu viññ±ºaµµhit²su, navasu satt±v±sesu ca. Yo panettha acittako, so idha na gahetabbo viññ±ºakath±bh±vato. “Etth±”ti ida½ “sa½saram±n±na½ satt±nan”ti imin± sambandhitabba½. Ettha etesu vuttanayena sa½saram±nesu sattesu yo pana arahatta½ p±puº±ti samm±paµipattimanv±y±ti adhipp±yo. Tassa arahato niruddhameva hoti citta½ appaµisandhikabh±vato.

Iti viññ±ºakkhandhe vitth±rakath±mukhavaººan±.