Evanti-±di nigamana½. Tayida½ aµµhavidhampi k±m±vacara½ kusalacitta½ r³p±rammaºa½ y±va dhamm±rammaºanti chasu ±rammaºesu ya½ v± ta½ v± ±lambitv± upekkh±sahagat±hetukakiriy±manoviññ±ºadh±t±nantara½ k±yadv±r±d²hi t²hi dv±rehi k±yakamm±divasena uppajjat²ti veditabba½. Tattha ñ±ºasampayutt±ni catt±ri yad± tihetukapaµisandhi½ upp±denti, tad± so¼asa vip±kacitt±ni phalanti. Yad± pana duhetuka½, tad± dv±dasa tihetukavajj±ni. Ahetuka½ pana paµisandhi½ tihetuk±ni na upp±denteva, duhetuk±ni pana duhetukapaµisandhid±nak±le dv±dasa, ahetukapaµisandhi½ d±nak±le aµµha phalanti. Tihetuk± pana paµisandhi duhetukehi na hotiyeva. “Aµµha phalant²”ti ceta½ paµisandhi½ janakakammavasena vutta½. Aññena pana kammun± “sahetuka½ bhavaªga½ ahetukassa bhavaªgassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 3.1.102) vacanato sahetukampi vip±kacitta½ ahetukapaµisandhikassa hotiyeva. Imasmi½ ca pakkhe balavat± paccayena uppanna½ asaªkh±ra½, dubbalena sasaªkh±ranti veditabba½. Ye pana ±gamanato ca vip±kassa asaªkh±rasasaªkh±rabh±va½ icchanti, tesa½ matena dv±dasa, aµµha ca phalant²ti yojetabba½. Eva½ tidh± phala½ dadantañceta½ k±m±vacarasugatiya½ upapatti½, sugatiduggat²su bhogasampadañca karoti. N±gasupaºº±d²nampi hi ya½ devabhogasampattisadisa½ bhogaj±ta½ uppajjati, tampi k±m±vacarakusalasseva phala½. Na hi akusalassa iµµha½ phala½ atth²ti.
R³p±vacara½ pan±ti pana-saddo visesatthajotako. Tena yath± k±m±vacara½ kiles±na½ tadaªgappah±namattakara½, na evamida½, ida½ pana vikkhambhanappah±nakara½. Yath± v± ta½ vedan±ñ±ºasaªkh±rabhedato aµµhadh± bhijjati, na evamida½, ida½ pana tato aññath± v±ti vakkham±na½ visesa½ joteti. Ta½ paneta½ savatthuka½, s±sava½, vin²varaºañca r³p±vacaranti daµµhabba½. “Savatthuka½ ev±”ti hi imin± ar³p±vacara½ nivatteti, “s±savan”ti imin± paµhamamaggacitta½, “vin²varaºan”ti imin± paµighasahitadvaya½. Katthaci pañca jh±naªg±ni, katthaci catt±ri, katthaci t²ºi, katthaci dve, katthaci apar±ni dveti eva½ jh±naªgayogabhedato pañcavidhanti saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaritu½ “seyyathidan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± jh±nakath±ya½ (visuddhi. 1.79 ±dayo) vuttameva. Tayida½ bh±van±mayameva hutv± vuttanayena pathav²kasiº±dika½ ±lambitv± yath±raha½ ñ±ºasampayuttakusal±nantara½ uppajjati, h²n±dibhedabhinna½ paneta½ yath±kkama½ brahmap±risajj±d²su so¼asasupi brahmalokesu upapattinipph±dakanti daµµhabba½.
R³pasaññ±samatikkam±din± samadhigantabba½ ar³p±vacara½. Catunna½ ar³p±nanti upekkh±sam±dhisaªkh±tehi cat³hi ar³pajjh±nehi. Karaºe hi eta½ s±mivacana½. Ar³p±na½ v± yo ±rammaº±dikato sampayuttadhammehi yogo yogabhedo, tassa vasena. Vuttappak±ren±ti heµµh± ±ruppakath±ya½ (visuddhi. 1.275 ±dayo) vuttappak±rena. Paµhamanti paµhama½ ar³p±vacarakusalacitta½. Dutiyatatiyacatutth±n²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. T±nim±ni bh±van±may±neva hutv± yath±nupubba½ kasiºuggh±µim±k±sa½, paµham±ruppaviññ±ºa½, natthibh±va½, ±kiñcaññ±yatananti im±ni ±lambitv± upekkh±sahagatañ±ºasampayuttakusal±nantara½ uppajjitv± cat³su ar³p²brahmalokesu paµisandhipavattivip±kad±y²ni. Sesa½ panettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. Chavisuddhiparampar±ya samadhigantabba½ lokuttara½. Tattha vattabba½ parato ±gamissati. Catumaggasampayogatoti sot±pattimaggo y±va arahattamaggoti imehi cat³hi ariyamaggehi sampayogato. Catubbidhampi ceta½ bh±van±mayameva hutv± nibb±na½ ±lambitv± suññato vimokkho, animitto vimokkho, appaºihito vimokkhoti n±mena uppajjati, sattabhav±dibhav³papattinivattakanti daµµhabba½. Ekav²satividha½ hoti n±tisaªkhepavitth±ranayen±ti adhipp±yo.
453. K±m±vacaramev±ti ettha nik±yantariy± r³p±r³p±vacarampi akusala½ icchant²ti tesa½ matinisedhanattha½ k±m±vacaraggahaºa½. Mahaggatabh³miya½ uppajjantampi tattha r³padh±tuya½ pavattivip±ka½ dentampi ekantena k±m±vacaramev±ti dassanattha½ avadh±raºa½. Yadi eva½, kasm± k±m±vacaramev±ti? Tattha k±raºa½ vuttameva. Katha½ vutta½? “K±mataºh± k±mo uttarapadalopato, avacarati etth±ti avacara½, k±massa avacara½ k±m±vacaran”ti. Ettha hi k±mataºh±visayat± “k±m±vacarabh±vassa k±raºa½” vutt± yath± r³p±r³pataºh±visayat± “r³p±r³p±vacarabh±vassa”. Eka½sena ceta½ eva½ icchitabba½. Aññath± by±pilakkhaºa½ na siy±. Yadi hi ±lambitabbadhammavasena bh³mivavatth±na½ kareyya, eva½ sati an±rammaº±na½ saªgaho na siy±. Atha vip±kad±navasena, evampi avip±k±na½ saªgaho na siy±. Tasm± ±lambaºadhammavasena pariy±pann±na½ s± k±tabb±, apariy±pann±na½ pana lokato uttiººat±ya lokuttarat±, uttaritar±bh±vato anuttarat± ca veditabb±.
Pariy±pann±ti ca paricchedak±rik±ya taºh±ya paricchijja ±pann±, gahit±ti attho. Nanu cettha k±mataºh± katam±? K±m±vacaradhamm±rammaº± taºh±, k±m±vacaradhamm± katame? K±mataºh±visay±ti itaretarasannissayat±dosoti? Nayidameva½ av²ci-±di-eka-±dasok±saninnat±ya kañci taºha½ k±mataºh±bh±vena gahetv± ta½sabh±v±ya taºh±ya visayabh±vena k±m±vacaradhamm±na½ upalakkhitabbatt±. Nikkhepakaº¹epi (dha. sa. 985 ±dayo) “etth±vacar±”ti vacana½ av²ciparanimmitaparicchinnok±s±ya k±mataºh±ya visayabh±va½ sandh±ya vuttanti gahetabba½. Tadok±sat± ca taºh±ya tanninnat±ya veditabb±.
M³lato tividhanti t²ºi akusalam³l±ni lobh±d²ni, tesa½ vasena ta½sahitampi tividhanti attho. T±ni hi suppatiµµhitabh±vak±raºatt± m³lamiv±ti m³l±ni, lobho m³la½ etass±ti lobham³la½. As±dh±raºena niddeso yath± bherisaddo, yavaªkuroti. Tath± dosam³la½. Moho eva m³la½ imassa, n±ññanti moham³la½.
Somanassupekkh±diµµhigatasaªkh±rabhedatoti somanassupekkh±bhedato diµµhigatabhedato saªkh±rabhedatoti pacceka½ bhedasaddo yojetabbo. Yadettha vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttanayameva. Diµµhigatasampayuttanti diµµhiyeva diµµhigata½ “g³thagata½, muttagatan”ti (ma. ni. 2.119; a. ni. 9.11) yath±. Atha v± vipariyesagg±hat±ya diµµhiy± gatameva, na ettha gantabbavatthu tath± sabh±vanti diµµhigata½. Tayida½ “idameva sacca½, moghamaññan”ti (ma. ni. 2.187, 202, 203, 427; 3.27-29) abhinivesabh±vato lobheneva saddhi½ pavattati, na dosena.
Yad±h²ti-±di lobham³lacitt±na½ pavatti-±k±radassana½. Micch±diµµhinti ucchedadiµµhi-±dimicch±diµµhi½. T±ya hi vipallatthacitt± satt± “et±vako j²vavisayo y±va indriyagocaro”ti paraloka½ paµikkhipitv± “natthi k±mesu ±d²navo”ti yath± tath± k±mesu p±tabyata½ ±pajjanti. ¾di-saddena “esa pantho pageva vihito devay±ne, yena yanti puttavanto visok±. Ta½ passanti pasavo, pakkhino ca, tena te m±taripi mithuna½ carant²”ti-±din± nayena puttamukhadassana½ saggamokkhamaggoti evam±dika½ micch±diµµhi½ saªgaºh±ti.
K±me ti ettha -saddo aniyamattho, tena br±hmaº±na½ suvaººaharaºameva adinn±d±ne s±vajja½, itara½ anavajja½. Gar³na½, gunna½, attano, j²vitassa, viv±hassa ca atth±ya mus±v±do anavajjo, itaro s±vajjo. Garu-±d²na½ atth±ya pesuññaharaºa½ anavajja½, itara½ s±vajja½. Bh±ratayuddhas²t±haraº±dikath± p±pav³pasam±ya hot²ti evam±dike micch±g±he saªgaºh±ti. Diµµhamaªgal±d²n²ti diµµhasutamutamaªgal±ni. Sabh±vatikkhen±ti lobhassa, micch±bhinivesassa v± vasena saraseneva tikhiºena kur³rena. Manden±ti dandhena atikhiºena. T±disa½ pana attano, parassa v± samuss±hanena pavattat²ti ±ha “samuss±hiten±”ti. Parabhaº¹a½ v± harat²ti -saddena tath±pavattanakamus±v±d±d²nampi saªgaho daµµhabbo. K±m±na½ v± anubhuyyam±n±na½. -saddena parasantakassa v± ayath±dhippetat±ya ya½ laddha½, ta½ gahetabbanti gahaº±dika½ saªgaºh±ti.
Duvidhameva hoti sampayuttadhammavasena bhed±bh±vato. Yadi eva½, kasm± “domanassasahagata½ paµighasampayuttan”ti vuttanti? As±dh±raºadhammehi tassa cittassa upalakkhaºattha½. P±º±tip±t±d²s³ti p±º±tip±tan±d²su. ¾di-saddena adinn±d±namus±v±dapesuññapharusasamphappal±paby±p±de saªgaºh±ti. Sabh±vatikkha½ hutv± pavattam±na½ citta½ asaªkh±rameva hoti, itara½ sasaªkh±ranti adhipp±yen±ha “tikkhamandappavattik±le”ti. Manda½ pana hutv± pavattam±na½ eka½sena sasaªkh±ramev±ti na sakk± viññ±tu½. Ya½ sasaªkh±rena sappayogena pavattati, ta½ mandameva hot²ti katv± tath±vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Mohekahetuka½ citta½ m³lantaravirahato atim³¼ha½, vicikicchuddhaccayogato cañcalañc±ti upekkh±sahagatameva hoti, na tassa kad±cipi sabh±vatikkhat± atthi. ¾rammaºe hi sa½sappanavasena, vikkhipanavasena ca pavattam±nassa cittadvayassa k²dise kicce sabh±vatikkhat±ya, uss±hetabbat±ya v± bhavitabba½, tasm± na tattha saªkh±rabhedo atthi. Aññesu akusalacittesu labbham±nampi uddhacca½ visesato ettheva balava½, tato eva sampayuttadhammesu padh±na½ hutv± pavattat²ti idameva uddhaccena visesetv± vutta½ “uddhaccasampayuttan”ti. Tath± hi p±¼iya½ (dha. sa. 427) idha sar³pato uddhacca½ ±gata½, eva½ as±dh±raºapadh±nadhammavasena moham³la½ “vicikicch±sampayutta½, uddhaccasampayuttan”ti duvidha½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Asanniµµh±na½ sa½sayo. Vikkhepo av³pasamo, bhantat±ti attho.
Tayida½ dv±dasavidhampi akusalacitta½ chasu ±rammaºesu ya½ v± ta½ v± ±lambitv± upekkh±sahagat±hetukakiriy±manoviññ±ºadh±t±nantara½ k±yadv±r±d²hi t²hi dv±rehi k±yakamm±divasena yath±raha½ p±º±tip±t±dikammapathavasena ceva kammavasena ca uppajjat²ti veditabba½.
Tattha µhapetv± uddhaccasahagata½ sesa½ ek±dasavidhampi cat³supi ap±yesu paµisandhi½ deti, pavattivip±ka½ sugatiyampi. Uddhaccasahagata½ pana pavattivip±kamev±ti. Etth±ha– ki½ pana k±raºa½ sabbadubbala½ vicikicch±sampayutta½ paµisandhi½ deti, adhimokkhasabbh±vato tato balavantampi uddhaccasahagata½ na det²ti? Dassanena pah±tabbesu avuttatt±. Ida½ hi paµisandhi½ denta½ ap±yesu dadeyya, ap±yagaman²yañca dassanapah±tabbanti tattha vucceyya, na ca vutta½. Tasm± paµisandhi½ na deti, pavattivip±kad±na½ panassa na sakk± paµikkhipitu½. Paµisambhid±vibhaªge “uddhaccasahagate ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±, tassa vip±ke ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±”ti (vibha. 730 atthato sam±na½) vacanato.
Apare pan±hu– puthujjanassa uppajjam±na½ uddhaccasahagata½ dassanappah±tabbasah±yasabbh±vato ubhayavip±kampi deti, na sekkhassa tadabh±vatoti. Idamettha vic±retabba½, yassa vip±kad±na½ vutta½, ki½ ta½ bh±van±ya pah±tabba½, ud±hu noti? Kiñcettha– yadi t±va bh±van±ya pah±tabba½, paµµh±ne bh±van±ya pah±tabbassa n±n±kkhaºikakammapaccayabh±vo vattabbo siy±. Atha na bh±van±ya pah±tabba½, dassanenapah±tabbattike “nevadassanenanabh±van±yapah±tabba”miccassa vibhaªge vattabba½ siy±. Yadi tabbiruddhasabh±vat±ya tattha na vucceyya, evampi tasmi½ tike tassa navattabbat± ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati, ki½ k±raºa½? Cittupp±dakaº¹e (dha. sa. 365 ±dayo) ±gat±na½ dv±dasanna½ akusalacittupp±d±na½ dv²hi padehi saªgahitatt± vibhajitv± dassetabbassa niyogato kassaci cittupp±dassa abh±v±, yath± uppannattike at²t±d²na½ navattabbat± na vutt±, evametass±pi. Atha v± bh±van±ya pah±tu½ asakkuºeyyass±pi tassa puthujjane vattam±nassa bh±van±ya pah±tabbasabh±vas±maññato, s±vajjato ca bh±van±ya pah±tabbapariy±yo vijjat²ti natthi navattabbat±pasaªgadoso. Nippariy±yena ca na bh±van±ya pah±tabbanti tassa vasena n±n±kkhaºikakammapaccayabh±vopi na vutto. Dassanapah±tabbapaccayass±pi uddhaccasahagatassa sah±yavekallamattameva dassanena kata½, na kocipi bh±vo anupp±dadhammata½ tassa ±p±ditoti ekantena bh±van±ya pah±tabbat± vutt±. Atha v± ap±yagaman²yabh±v±pekkha½ dassanappah±tabbavacananti tadabh±vato ta½ vibhajana½ vuttanti.