Yutti pana eva½ veditabb±– nipphanna-up±d±yar³panissaya½ dh±tudvaya½ pańcavok±rabhave. Tattha r³p±yatan±d²na½, oj±ya ca indriyabaddhato bahipi pavattidassanato na ta½nissayat± yujjati, itthipurisindriy±nampi tadubhayarahitepi sant±ne dh±tudvayadassanato na ta½nissayat± yujjati, j²vitindriyass±pi ańńakicca½ vijjat²ti na ta½nissayat± yujjati ev±ti p±risesato hadayavatthu, tesa½ nissayoti vińń±yati. Sakk± hi vattu½ nipphanna-up±d±yar³panissaya½ dh±tudvaya½ pańcavok±rabhave r³papaµibaddhavuttibh±vato. Ya½ yańhi r³papaµibaddhavutti, ta½ ta½ nipphanna-up±d±yar³panissaya½ diµµha½ yath± “cakkhuvińń±ŗadh±t³”ti. “Pańcavok±rabhave”ti ca visesana½ manovińń±ŗadh±tuvasena kata½. Manodh±tu pana catuvok±rabhave nattheva. Nanu ca indriyanissayat±yapi s±dhanato viruddho hetu ±pajjat²ti? Na diµµhab±dhanato. Diµµha½ heta½ cakkhuvińń±ŗassa viya dh±tudvayassa vatthuno mandatikkh±di-ananuvidh±na½. Tath± hissa p±¼iya½ indriyapaccayat± na vutt±. Tena tadanuvidh±nasaŖkh±t± indriyanissayat± b±dh²yati. Hotu dh±tudvayanissayo hadayavatthu, up±d±yar³pańca, eta½ pana kammasamuµµh±na½, paµiniyatakicca½, hadayapadese µhitamev±ti katha½ vińń±yat²ti? Vuccate– vatthur³pabh±vato kammasamuµµh±na½ cakkhu viya, tato eva paµiniyatakicca½, vatthur³pabh±vatoti ca vińń±ŗanissayabh±vatoti attho. Aµµhi½ katv± manasi katv± sabbacetas± samann±haritv± kińci cintentassa hadayassa khijjanato tatthetamavaµµhitanti vińń±yati. T±sańńeva dh±t³nanti manodh±tumanovińń±ŗadh±t³na½yeva Nissayabh±vato upari ±ropetv± vahanta½ viya paccupatiµµhat²ti ubbahanapaccupaµµh±na½. Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanayameva.
441. Abhikkamo ±di yesa½ te abhikkam±d². ¾di-saddena paµikkamasamińjanapas±raŗa-ukkhepana-avekkhepan±dik± sabb± kiriy± pariggayhati. Tesa½ abhikkam±d²na½ pavattaka½ citta½ samuµµh±na½ yass± s± abhikkam±dippavattakacittasamuµµh±n±, v±yodh±tu. Tass± ya½ sahajar³pak±yassa thambhanasandh±raŗacalanasaŖkh±ta½ kicca½, tassa sahak±r²k±raŗabh³to ±k±raviseso k±yavińńatti n±m±ti dassento ±ha “abhikkam±di…pe… k±yavińńatt²”ti.
Kassa pana ±k±ravik±roti? S±matthiyato v±yodh±tu-adhik±na½ cittajamah±bh³t±na½. Ki½ ta½ s±matthiya½? Cittajat±, up±d±yar³pat± ca. Atha v± v±yodh±tuy± ±k±ravik±ro sahaja…pe… paccayoti sambandhitabba½. Yadi eva½ vińńattiy± up±d±yar³pabh±vo na yujjati. Na hi up±d±yar³pa½ ekabh³tasannissaya½ atthi. “Catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±yar³pan”ti hi vutta½, n±ya½ doso catunna½ vik±ro cat³su ekass±pi hoti catus±dh±raŗadhana½ viya. V±yodh±tu-adhikat±ya ca kal±passa “v±yodh±tuy±”ti vacana½ na virujjhati. Eva½ adhikat± ca s±matthiyato, na pam±ŗato. Ańńath± hi avinibbhogavuttit± na yujjeyya. V±yodh±tuy± ev±ti keci. Tesa½ matena vińńattiy± up±d±yar³pat± durupap±d±. Na hi ekassa vik±ro catunna½ hoti. S± pan±ya½ hatthacalan±d²su phandam±navaŗŗaggahaŗ±nantaramavińń±yam±nantarena manodv±rajavanena gayhati. Phandam±navaŗŗavinimutto koci vik±ro atthi. Tassa ca taggahaŗ±nantara½ gahaŗa½ hot²ti kathameta½ vińń±yat²ti adhipp±yaggahaŗato. Na hi vińńattivik±rarahitesu rukkhacalan±d²su “idamesa k±reti mańńe”ti adhipp±yaggahaŗa½ diµµha½, hatthacalan±d²su pana diµµha½. Tasm± phandam±navaŗŗavinimutto koci vik±ro atthi adhipp±yassa ń±pakoti vińń±yati. ѱpako ca hetu ń±petabbamattha½ saya½ gahito eva ń±peti, na vijjam±nat±matten±ti vaŗŗaggahaŗ±nantara½ vik±raggahaŗampi anum±nato vińń±yati. Tath± hi vadanti–
“Visayattaman±pann±, sadd± nevatthabodhak±;
na satt±mattato atthe, te ańń±t± pak±sak±”ti.
Yadi vik±raggahaŗameva k±raŗa½ adhipp±yaggahaŗassa, kasm± aggahitasaŖket±na½ adhipp±yaggahaŗa½ na hot²ti? Na kevala½ vik±raggahaŗameva adhipp±yaggahaŗassa k±raŗa½, atha kho purimasiddhasambandhaggahaŗańca imassa upanissayoti daµµhabba½. Thambhanasandh±raŗacalan±ni vińńattivik±rasahit±ya v±yodh±tuy± hont²ti vutta½. Ki½ sabb±va v±yodh±t³ sabb±ni t±ni karont²ti? Nayidameva½. Sattamajavanasambh³t± hi v±yodh±tu purimajavanasambh³t± v±yodh±tuyo upathambhakapaccaye labhitv± desantaruppattihetubh±vena calayati cittajar³pa½, na itar±. Itar± pana santhambhanasandh±raŗamatta½ karontiyo tass± upak±r±ya honti. Desantaruppatti eva calananti nimitte ca kattubh±vo sam±ropitoti daµµhabba½. Ańńath± dhamm±na½ aby±p±rat±, khaŗikat± ca na siy±. Sattahi yugehi ±ka¹¹hitabbasakaµamettha aµµhakath±ya½ nidassita½. Cittajar³pe pana calante ta½sambandhat±ya utukamm±h±rajar³pampi calati nad²sote pakkhittasukkhagomayapiŗ¹a½ viya phandam±navaŗŗaggahaŗ±nantara½ vińńattiggahaŗassa vuttatt±. Ki½ calanakar± eva v±yodh±tu vińńattivik±rasahit±ti? Nayidameva½, tath± calayitumasakkuŗantiyopi thambhanasandh±raŗamattakar± paµhamajavan±disambh³t±pi v±yodh±tuyo vińńattivik±rasahit± ev±ti gahetabba½. Yena dis±bh±gen±ya½ abhikkam±di½ pavattetuk±mo, tadabhimukhavik±rasabbh±vato. Adhipp±yasahabh±v² hi vik±ro vińńatti. Evańca katv± manodv±r±vajjanass±pi vińńattisamuµµh±pakavacana½ suµµhu yujjati. Yath±vuttavik±raggahaŗamukhena ta½samaŖgino adhipp±yo vińń±yat²ti vutta½ “adhipp±yappak±sanaras±”ti.
K±yavipphandanassa hetubh³t±ya v±yodh±tuy± vik±rabh±vato pariy±yena vińńatti k±yavipphandanahetubh±vapaccupaµµh±n± vutt±. Cittasamuµµh±nav±yodh±tupadaµµh±n±ti ca v±yodh±tuy± kicc±dhikat±ya vutta½. K±yavipphandanena adhipp±yavińń±panahetutt±ti k±yavipphandanena karaŗabh³tena adhipp±yassa vińń±panahetubh±vato k±yavińńatt²ti vuccat²ti sambandho. Ayańhettha attho– vińń±pet²ti vińńatti. Ki½ vińń±peti? Adhipp±ya½. Kena? K±yena. K²disena? Vipphandam±nen±ti. Dutiyanaye pana yath±vuttena k±yena vińń±yat²ti k±yavińńatti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Atth±vabodhanasamattho vac²viseso vac²bhedo. Tena v±yuvanappatinad²ghos±di½ nivatteti. Tassa pavattaka½ citta½ samuµµh±na½ yass± s± vac²bhedappavattakacittasamuµµh±n±, pathav²dh±tu. Tass± ya½ up±dinnasaŖkh±tassa akkharuppattiµµh±nassa ghaµµanasańńita½ kicca½, tassa sahak±r²k±raŗabh³to ±k±raviseso vac²vińńatti n±m±ti dassento ±ha “vac²bhe…pe… vac²vińńatt²”ti.
Id±ni “kassa pana ±k±ravik±ro”ti-±di k±yavińńattiya½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Aya½ pana viseso– yath± tattha “phandam±navaŗŗaggahaŗ±nantaran”ti vutta½, evamidha “suyyam±nasaddasavan±nantaran”ti yojetabba½. Idha ca thambhan±d²na½ abh±vato “sattamajavanasambh³t±”ti-±dinayo na labbhati. Ghaµµanena hi saddhi½ saddo uppajjati. Ghaµµanańca paµhamajavan±d²supi labbhateva. Ghaµµana½ paccayavasena bh³takal±p±na½ ańńamańńa½ ±sannatarupp±do. Calana½ ekass±pi desantarupp±daparamparat±ti ayametesa½ viseso. Yath± ca v±yodh±tuy± calana½ kicca½, eva½ pathav²dh±tuy± ghaµµana½. Tenev±ha “pathav²dh±tuy± up±dinnaghaµµanassa paccayo”ti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Yath± h²ti-±di k±yavac²vińńatt²na½ anum±navasena gahetabbabh±vavibh±vana½. Yath± hi uss±petv± baddhagos²s±dir³p±ni disv± tadanantarappavatt±ya avińń±yam±nantar±ya manodv±rav²thiy± gos²s±d²na½ udakasahac±rippak±rasańń±ŗ±k±ra½ gahetv± udakaggahaŗa½ hoti, eva½ vipphandam±nasamucc±riyam±navaŗŗasadde gahetv± tadanantarapavatt±ya avińń±yam±nantar±ya manodv±rav²thiy± purimasiddhasambandhagahaŗ³panissayasahit±ya s±dhipp±yavik±raggahaŗa½ hoti.
442. R³p±ni paricchindati, saya½ v± tehi paricchijjati, r³p±na½ v± paricchedamatta½ r³paparicchedo, ta½ lakkhaŗa½ etiss±ti r³paparicchedalakkhaŗ±. Aya½ hi ±k±sadh±tu ta½ ta½ r³pakal±pa½ paricchindant² viya hoti. Ten±ha “r³papariyantappak±sanaras±”ti. Atthato pana yasm± r³p±na½ paricchedamatta½ hutv± gayhati, tasm± vutta½ “r³pamariy±dapaccupaµµh±n±”ti. Yasmi½ kal±pe bh³t±na½ paricchedo, teheva asamphuµµhabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±. Vijjam±nepi hi kal±pantarabh³t±na½ kal±pantarabh³tehi samphuµµhabh±ve ta½ta½bh³tavivittat± r³papariyanto ±k±soti yesa½ so paricchedo, tehi so asamphuµµhova. Ańńath± paricchinnat± na siy± tesa½ bh³t±na½ by±pibh±v±pattito. Aby±pit± hi asamphuµµhat±. Ten±ha bhagav± “asamphuµµha½ cat³hi mah±bh³teh²”ti (dha. sa. 637, 724). Kaŗŗacchiddamukhavivar±divasena ca chiddavivarabh±vapaccupaµµh±n± v±. Yesa½ r³p±na½ paricchedo, tattheva tesa½ paricchedabh±vena labbhat²ti vutta½ “paricchinnar³papadaµµh±n±”ti. “Y±ya paricchinnes³”ti-±din± ±k±sadh±tuy± ta½ta½kal±p±na½ kal±pantarehi asaŖkarak±raŗata½ dasseti. 443. Adandhat±ti agarut±. Vinodana½ vikkhipana½, apanayananti attho. Athaddhat±ti akathinat±. Attano mudubh±veneva sabbakiriy±su avirodhit±. Mudu hi katthaci na virujjhati. T²supi µh±nesu paµipakkhe a-k±ro dandhat±dihet³na½ paµipakkhasamuµµh±natt± lahut±d²nanti keci. Apare pana “satt±paµisedhe”ti vadanti. Sar²rena kattabbakiriy±na½ anuk³lat±saŖkh±takammańńabh±vo lakkhaŗa½ etiss±ti sar²rakiriy±nuk³lakammańńabh±valakkhaŗ±. Akammańńa½ dubbala½ n±ma hot²ti kammańńat± adubbalabh±vapaccupaµµh±n± vutt±.
Lahut±d²na½ ańńamańń±vijahanena duvińńeyyan±nattat± vutt±ti ta½ta½vik±r±dhikar³pehi ta½n±nattappak±sanattha½ “eva½ santep²”ti vutta½. Dh±tukkhobho v±tapittasemhapakopo, ras±didh±t³na½ v± vik±r±vatth±. Dvidh± vuttopi atthato pathav²dh±tu-±d²na½ dh±t³na½yeva vik±roti daµµhabbo. Paµipakkhapaccay± sapp±ya-utu-±h±r±vikkhittacittat±. Te ca ta½ta½vik±rassa visesapaccayabh±vato vutt±, avisesena pana sabbe sabbesa½ paccay±. Yato nesa½ ańńamańń±vijahana½, iddhiva¼ańjan±d²su viya vasavattana½ maddavappak±ro. Suparimadditacammasudhantasuvaŗŗagahaŗańcettha mudukammańńasadisar³panidassanamatta½, na ta½ idha adhippeta½ mudut±kammańńat±sabbh±vato. Na hi anindriyabaddhar³pasant±ne lahut±d²ni sambhavanti, indriyabaddhepi r³pabhave na santi dandhattakar±didh±tukkhobh±bh±vato. Sati hi t±dise dh±tukkhobhe tappaµipakkhapaccayasamuµµh±n±hi lahut±d²hi bhavitabbanti keci, ta½ ak±raŗa½. Na hi v³pasametabbapaccan²k±pekkho tabbirodhidhammasamupp±do, tath± sati sahetukakiriyacittupp±desu k±yalahut±d²na½ abh±vova siy±. Kasm± pana kammajar³pesu lahut±dayo na hont²ti? Paccuppannapaccay±pekkhatt±. Ańńath± sabbad±bh±v²hi lahut±d²hi bhavitabba½ siy±ti.
444. ¾di cayo, ²sa½ v± cayoti ±cayo, yath±paccaya½ tato tato ±gatassa viya cayoti v± ±cayo, tadubhaya½ ekajjha½ gahetv± ±cayo lakkhaŗa½ etass±ti ±cayalakkhaŗo. R³passa upacayo paµhamupp±do, va¹¹hi ca “upańńatta½ upasittan”ti-±d²su viya upa-saddassa paµham³pari-atthassa nidassanato. Pubbantatoti pubbakoµµh±sato, an±gatabh±vatoti attho. Uppajjam±ne r³padhamme upp±do an±gatakkhaŗato ummujj±pento viya hot²ti vutta½ “ummujj±panaraso”ti. Tath± so “ime r³padhamm±”ti niyy±tento viya gayhat²ti ±ha “niyy±tanapaccupaµµh±no”ti. Paripuŗŗabh±vapaccupaµµh±nat± “uparicayo upacayo”ti imassa atthassa vasena veditabb±. Pavattilakkhaŗ±ti r³p±na½ pavattananti lakkhitabb±. Anuppabandhanaras±ti pubb±paravasena anu anu pabandhanakicc±. Tato eva anupacchedavasena gahetabbato anupacchedapaccupaµµh±n±.