Phalasam±pattikath±vaººan±

856. Ariyassa maggassa phala½ ariyaphala½, ariyañca ta½ visuddhatt± phalañc±tipi ariyaphala½, tassa raso, paµippassaddhivimuttisukha½, anubhavana½ nibb±n±rammaºassa tassa paµisevana½. Tatr±ti tesu dv²su ±k±resu. Ass±ti ariyaphalassa.
857. Sa½yojanesu pah²nesu sabbepi kiles± pah²n±yeva hont²ti sa½yojan±na½yeva gahaºa½. Sa½yojanappah±namattameva ariyamaggassa phala½ n±ma, na añña½ kiñci atthantara½ vip±kabh³tanti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “phala½ n±ma na koci añño dhammo atth²”ti. Ke paneta½ vadant²ti? Andhak±dayo. Te hi “arahatta½ arahattanti, ±vuso, vuccati…pe… mohakkhayo”ti (sa½. ni. 4.315) suttapadassa attha½ aññath± gahetv± nippariy±yato “arahatta½ n±ma kiñci natthi, kilesappah±nameva tath± vohar²yat²”ti vadant± sesaphalepi paµikkhipanti. Ida½ suttamp²ti paµisambhid±maggap±¼im±ha. Pakaµµho ukkaµµho yogoti payogo, ariyamaggo, payoganimitta½ j±takiles±na½ paµippassaddhi payogapaµippassaddhi. Y± pana ariyamaggassa bh±vitatt± labbham±n±pi yass± vip±kapaññ±ya nippajjam±n±ya nippajjati, s± paµippassaddhiya½ nipph±detabb±ya½ paññ±ti paµippassaddhipaññ±ti vutt±. Samm±diµµhi micch±diµµhiy± vuµµh±t²ti samm±diµµhiy± ujuvipaccan²kadassanavasena vatv± tadaññatopi vuµµh±na½ dassetu½ “tadanuvattakakileseh²”ti vutta½, tass± micch±diµµhiy± sampayogato, upanissayato ca anuvattakakilesehi. Tena tadekaµµhappah±nam±ha. Khandheh²ti tadanuvattakakkhandhehi, t±ya micch±diµµhiy± sampayuttakkhandhehi ceva tappaccay± ±yati½ uppajjanakkhandhehi c±ti attho. Bahiddh± ca sabbanimitteh²ti yath±vuttakilesakkhandhehi bahiddh±bh³tehi vipassan±ya gocarabh³tehi sabbasaªkh±ranimittehi.
Eva½ maggakicca½ dassetv± id±ni tassa vasena phala½ dassetu½ “tampayogapaµippassaddhatt±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tampayogapaµippassaddhatt±ti tassa ajjhattabahiddh± vuµµh±n±dipayogassa paµippassaddhatt±. Maggo hi nimittato, pavattato ca vuµµhahanto kilese pajahat²ti attano khaºe ta½ payoga½ karoti n±ma, phalakkhaºe panassa so payogo paµippassaddho v³pasanto n±ma hoti. Tena vutta½ “tampayogapaµippassaddhatt±”ti. Uppajjat²ti magg±nantara½ dvikkhattu½ v± tikkhattu½ v± uppajjati. Phalasam±pattik±le pana bahukkhattu½, nirodh± vuµµhahantassa dvikkhattu½ uppajjati. Sabbampi yath±vuttapayogapaµippassaddhinimitta½ uppajjanato “tampayogapaµippassaddhatt± uppajjat²”ti vutta½. Maggasseta½ phalanti yath±vutt± vip±k± samm±diµµhi n±ma, eta½ ariyamaggassa phalanti veditabba½. Vitth±retabbanti “sot±pattimaggakkhaºe abhiniropanaµµhena samm±saªkappo micch±saªkapp±”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.63) saªkapp±divasena, sesamaggavasena ca vitth±rato veditabba½.
Catt±ri ca s±maññaphal±ni, ime dhamm± appam±º±rammaº±ti appam±º±rammaºat±ya maggehi nibbisesat±ya. Tath± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasaªkh±to mahaggato dhammo nirodhato vuµµh±navel±ya½ appam±ºassa dhammassa anantarapaccayena paccayoti ariyaphalassa anantarapaccayat±ya ca d²pan±ti evam±d²nipi ettha ariyaphalassa sabh±vadhammabh±vena atthit±ya s±dhak±ni, na yath±dassitapaµisambhid±maggap±¼iyev±ti adhipp±yo.
858. Phalasam±pattiyanti phalapavattisaªkh±t±ya sam±pattiya½. Ass±ti ariyaphalassa. Sar³pakattuk±raº±k±raµµhitivuµµh±n±nantaravasena ida½ pañh±kamma½.
859. Ariyaphalassa nirodhe appan±ti ariyassa phalajh±nassa nibb±ne ±rammaºabh³te appan±k±rena pavatti.
860. Sabbepi puthujjan±ti jh±nasam±pattil±bhinopi puthujjan± na sam±pajjanti, pageva itare. Ariy± sabbepi phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjant²ti k±ma½ s±maññajotan±, s± pana visesaniviµµh±yeva hoti. Adhigatatt±ti pana hetukittana½. Uparim±nampi heµµhim±ya lokiyasam±pattiy± viya sam±pajjana½ s±dhenta½ viya µhitanti ta½ nivattento “uparim± pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha uparim±ti sakad±g±mi-±dayo. Heµµhimanti sot±pattiphal±di½. Na sam±pajjanti satipi adhigatatte. Kasm±ti ce? K±raºam±ha “puggalantarabh±v³pagamanena paµippassaddhatt±”ti. Etena uparimo ariyo heµµhima½ phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjati attan± adhigatatt±, yath± ta½ lokiyasam±pattinti, eva½ pavatta½ hetu½ byabhic±reti. Na hi lokiyajjh±nesu puggalantarabh±v³pagamana½ n±ma atthi vises±bh±vato. Idha pana asamuggh±µitakammakilesanirodhanena puthujjanehi viya sot±pannassa, sot±pann±d²hi sakad±g±mi-±d²na½ puggalantarabh±v³pagamana½ atthi. Yato heµµhim± heµµhim± phaladhamm± upar³pari maggadhammehi nivattit± paµipakkhehi viya abhibh³t± appavattidhammata½yeva ±pann±. Ten±ha “paµippassaddhatt±”ti.
Apica kusalakiriyapavatti n±ma aññ±dis², vip±kapavatti ca aññ±dis², anantaraphalatt± ca lokuttarakusal±na½ heµµhimato uparimo bhavantaragato viya hoti. Ta½ta½phalavaseneva hi ariy±na½ sot±pann±din±mal±bho. Te sace aññaphalasamaªginopi honti, sot±pann±din±mampi tesa½ avaµµhita½ siy±, tena tena jh±nena gahitapaµisandhiko viy±ti tassa tassa ariyassa ta½ ta½ phala½ bhavaªgasadisanti na uparimassa heµµhimaphalasamaªgit±ya lesopi sambhavati, kuto tassa sam±pajjananti daµµhabba½. Heµµhim± ca uparimanti heµµhim± ca sot±pann±dayo ariy± uparima½ sakad±g±miphal±di½ na sam±pajjant²ti sambandho. Tattha k±raºam±ha “anadhigatatt±”ti. Na hi anadhigatasam±patti½ sam±pajjitu½ sakk±.
“Attano attanoyeva pana phala½ sam±pajjant²”ti imin± sabbepi ariy± attano attano phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjant²ti atthe ±panne tattha kesañci matibheda½ dassetu½ “keci pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Ete hi sam±dhismi½ parip³rak±rinoti yasm± hi te “uparim± dve”ti vutt± an±g±mino, arahanto ca sam±dhismi½ parip³rak±rino, itare pana s²lesu parip³rak±rino, tasm± dve eva phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjant²ti. Na hi sam±dhip±rip³riy± vin± sam±pattiva¼añjana½ sambhavat²ti adhipp±yo. Tanti “sam±dhismi½ parip³rak±rino”ti tehi vuttak±raºa½. Ak±raºamev±ti ayuttiyeva. Kasm±ti ce? ¾ha “puthujjanass±p²”ti-±di. Tassattho– sabbaso asamucchinnakilesassa puthujjanass±pi attan± paµiladdhalokiyasam±pattisam±pajjana½ labbhati, kimaªga½ pana samucchinnekaccakiles±na½ heµµhim±na½ ariy±na½, tasm± tesa½ sam±dhismi½ aparip³rak±rit± attano phalasam±patti½ asam±pajjanassa ak±raºanti. Yutticint± n±ma p±¼i-an±ru¼he atthe yutt±, aya½ panattho p±¼i-±ru¼hoti k±raº±padese an±darakaraºamukhena p±¼i½ dassento “kiñcetth±”ti-±dim±ha. Sot±pattimaggapaµil±bhatth±y±ti sot±pattimaggassa samadhigam±ya. Sot±pattiphalasam±pattatth±y±ti sot±pattiphalasam±pattiy± sam±pajjanattha½. Esa nayo sesesupi.
Ettha ca “suññatavih±rasam±pattatth±ya animittavih±rasam±pattatth±y±”ti-±din± sar³pato uddhaµatt± tato pubbe ±gat± maggaphalav±r± appaºihitavasena vutt±. Tattha anatt±nupassan±mukhena, anicc±nupassan±mukhena ca pavatt±na½ phalasam±patt²na½ purecar± gotrabhudhamm± navadasabh±vena vutt±ti veditabb±. “Sot±pattiphalasam±pattatth±y±”ti-±din± pana cat³supi phalesu ekasadisa½ desan±ya ±gatatt± sot±pannasakad±g±minopi attano phala½ sam±pajjant²ti viññ±yati. Magg±nantaraphalavasena ta½ vuttanti ca na sakk± vattu½ vipassan±vasena dasanna½ gotrabhudhamm±na½ dassanavasena desan±ya ±raddhatt±, maggav±reneva ca tadatthasiddhito. Na ca magg±nantara½ phala½ “phalasam±patt²”ti vuccati visu½ parikamm±bh±vato. Tasm± phalasam±pattivacaneneva sot±pann±d²nampi phalasam±pattisam±pajjana½ siddha½. Ten±ha “tasm±”ti-±di.
861. Payojanampi tadatth±ya paµipattiy± k±raºa½ hoti tannimitta½ paµipajjanatoti “kasm± sam±pajjant²”ti k±raºa½ pucchitv± “diµµhadhammasukhavih±ratthan”ti payojana½ vissajjita½. Kasm±ti v± sampad±ne nissakkavacana½, kiss±ti vutta½ hoti. Diµµhadhammasukhavih±ratthanti diµµheva dhamme kilesadarathapari¼±hav³pasamena santena sukhavih±rena viharaºattha½. Satipi vip±kabh±ve parikammena vin± anuppajjanato phalasam±pattidhamm±na½ tassa tassa ariyassa rucivaseneva pavatti, yato nesa½ s±dhipatit±ti ±ha “addh±na…pe… sam±pajjant²”ti.
862. Dv²hi ±k±reh²ti dv²hi k±raºehi. Yath± hi lokiyajjh±n±na½ samadhigamo sampayogasamaªgibh±vena sijjham±no pah±naªgasamatikkamamukhena vuccati tath± samadhigantabbatt±, eva½ phalasam±pattipi nibb±namanasik±rena sijjham±n± tadaññ±rammaº±manasik±ramukhena vuccati sabbasaªkh±rato vinivaµµitam±nasat±vasena samijjhanato. Ten±ha “nibb±nato”ti-±di. Udayabbayañ±º±diñ±ºaparamparavasena hi sabbaphalacitta½ saªkh±rato sabbaso nibbinnavirattacittassa tato vinissaµanibb±n±rammaºa½ pavattati. Eva½ pavattam±nañca ta½ nibb±nato aññassa ±rammaºassa amanasik±r±, nibb±nassa ca manasik±r± pavattat²ti vuccati.
Animitt±ya cetovimuttiy±ti animittavimokkhadvay±ya phalasam±pattiy±, anicc±nupassan±mukhena v± sam±pajjitabb±ya phalasam±pattiy±. Sam±pattiy±ti sam±pajjanatth±ya. Sabbanimitt±nanti r³p±disabbasaªkh±ranimitt±na½. Amanasik±roti ±d²navato disv± vissaµµhat±ya an±vajjana½ asamann±h±ro. Animitt±ya ca dh±tuy± manasik±roti sabbasaªkh±ranimitt±bh±vato animitt±ya. Kehici paccayehi na saªkhatatt± ca asaªkhat±ti laddhan±m±ya asaªkhat±ya dh±tuy± phalasam±pattisahaj±tena manasik±rena manasikaraºa½, tass± v± dh±tuy± phalasam±patticittasaªkh±te manasikaraºa½.
863. Udayabbay±divasen±ti udayabbayabhaªgabhayatupaµµh±n±divasena pavattanak±na½ navannampi ñ±º±na½ by±p±ra½ vadati. Ten±ha “pavatt±nupubbavipassanass±”ti. Saªkh±r±rammaºagotrabhuñ±º±nantaranti saªkh±r±rammaºassa “vod±nan”ti laddhan±massa gotrabhuñ±ºassa anantara½. Kasm± panettha gotrabhuñ±ºa½ maggañ±ºapurec±rika½ viya nibb±n±rammaºa½ na hot²ti? Phaladhamm±na½ aniyy±nikabh±vato. Ariyamaggadhamm± eva hi niyy±nik±. Vuttañheta½ “katame dhamm± niyy±nik±? Catt±ro magg± apariy±pann±”ti (dha. sa. 1295, 1609). Tasm± ekantena niyy±nikasabh±vassa ubhatovuµµh±nabh±vena pavattam±nassa maggañ±ºassa anantarapaccayabh³tena ñ±ºena nimittato vuµµhiteneva bhavitabbanti tassa nibb±n±rammaºat± yutt±, na pana ariyamaggassa bh±vitatt± tassa vip±kabh±vena pavattam±n±na½ kiles±na½ asamucchindanato aniyy±nikatt± avuµµh±nasabh±v±na½ phalañ±º±na½ purec±rikañ±ºassa kad±cipi nibb±n±rammaºat± ubhayattha anulomañ±º±na½ atuly±k±rato. Ariyamaggav²thiyañhi anulomañ±º±ni anibbiddhapubb±na½ th³lath³lalobhakkhandh±d²na½ s±tisaya½ pad±lanena lokiyañ±ºesu ukka½sap±ramippatt±ni maggañ±º±nuguº±ni uppajjanti. Phalasam±pattiv²thiya½ pana t±ni tena tena maggena tesa½ tesa½ kiles±na½ samucchinnatt± tattha kilesavikkhambhane nirussukk±ni kevala½ ariy±na½ phalasam±pattisukhasamaªgibh±vassa parikammamatt±ni hutv± uppajjant²ti na tesa½ kutoci vuµµh±nasambhavo, yato nesa½ pariyos±nañ±ºa½ saªkh±ranimittavuµµh±nato nibb±n±rammaºa½ siy±.
Evañca katv± “sekkhassa attano phalasam±pattiva¼añjanatth±ya udayabbay±divasena saªkh±re sammasantassa vipassan±ñ±º±nupubbiy± phalameva uppajjati, na maggo”ti idañca aµµhakath±vacana½ samatthita½ hoti. Ten±ha “sekkhass±pi phalameva uppajjati, na maggo”ti. Nibb±n±rammaºe appanajjh±navasena yath±paricchinnak±la½ nirantara½ phalacittasseva pavattana½ sam±pajjana½ phalasam±patt²ti ±ha “phalasam±pattivasena nirodhe citta½ appet²”ti. Yadi anupubbavipassan±na½ vasena phalasam±pattisam±pajjana½, tena n²h±rena sekkhassa uparimaggen±pi bhavitabbanti anuyoga½ sandh±y±ha “phalasam±pattininnat±y±”ti-±di. Tena aññoyeva vipassan±c±ro ariyamagg±vaho, añño phalasam±patti-±vahoti dasseti, sv±ya½ vipassan±ya vibh±go vutto eva. Ye pan±ti abhayagiriv±sino sandh±y±ha. Te hi maggaphalavipassan±ya ±lo¼etv± vadanti. Teneva hi “eva½ sat²”ti-±di vutta½. Arah± paccekabuddho bhavissati yadi itaratth±pi vipassan± tadatth±ya sa½vatteyy±ti adhipp±yo. P±¼ivaseneva ca paµikkhittanti “dasa gotrabhudhamm± vipassan±vasena uppajjant²”ti maggatth± phalatth± vipassan± visu½ katv± pavattap±¼ivaseneva tesa½ vacana½ paµikkhittantipi na gahetabba½, aññath± “dasa gotrabhudhamm±”ti vacana½ virujjheyy±ti. Idameva pana gahetabbanti vuttassevatthassa nigamana½. Phalañcass±ti-±di mahaggatavip±k±na½ viya lokuttaravip±k±nañca kusalasarikkhat±dassana½. Jh±nato sarikkhat±dassaneneva cettha bojjhaªgamaggaªgavasen±pi sarikkhat± dassit±yev±ti veditabba½.
864. Ýhitiy±ti pabandhaµµhitiy±. Yath±paricchinnak±lañhi sam±pattiy± pabandhavasen±vaµµh±na½ idha µhit²ti. “Cande v± s³riye v± ettaka½ µh±na½ gate vuµµhahiss±m²”ti k±l±vadhiggahaºavasena sam±pajjana½ cittassa abhisaªkharaºa½ abhisaªkh±ro.
865. Sabb±nevet±n²ti r³panimitt±disabb±neva et±ni ekato k±ma½ na manasi karoti asambhavato. Sabbasaªg±hikavasen±ti anavasesapariy±d±navasena. Samud±yasadd± hi avayavesupi pavattanti avayavabyatirekena ca samud±yo na labbhat²ti avayavagatampi kicca½ samud±yavasena vutta½. Tasm±ti sabbesa½ saªkh±ranimitt±na½ ekato manasik±r±bh±vato. Yasm± bhavaªgacitte uppanne phalasam±pattito vuµµhito n±ma hoti, tasm± vutta½ “ya½ bhavaªgass±”ti-±di. Bhavaªgassa ±rammaºa½ n±ma kamm±di. Manasi karototi bhavaªgasahagatena manasik±rena manasi karoto, ta½ v± ±rammaºa½ bhavaªgamanasi karoto.
866. Phalassa phalameva v± anantara½ hoti purimassa purimassa pacchima½ pacchima½. Bhavaªga½ sabbapacchimassa. Phal±nantara½ maggav²thiya½, phalasam±pattiyañca. “Yena phalena nirodh± vuµµh±na½ hot²”ti ida½ phaluppattiy± nirodh± vuµµh±nabh±vato vutta½. Tanti nirodh±vuµµh±nabh±vena vutta½ an±g±miphala½ v± aggaphala½ v±. Nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatan±nantaranti nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanassa kusalassa, kiriyassa v± anantara½ satipi satt±h±tikkame vij±tiyena antarikatt±.
Paµippassaddhadarathanti sabbaso passaddhakilesadaratha½. Amat±rammaºanti nibb±n±rammaºa½. Subhanti asobhanat±ya kilesass±pi abh±vato sobhana½. Taºh±saªkh±ta½ lok±misa½ vanta½ cha¹¹ita½ eten±ti vantalok±misa½. V³pasantakilesat±ya, susantat±ya ca santa½. Yena dhammena yogato samaºo n±ma hoti, tassa ariyamaggasaªkh±tassa s±maññassa phalanti s±maññaphala½.
Ojavanten±ti sabh±vasampannena. Sucin±ti kiles±sucivirahato parisuddhena. Sukhen±ti anuttarasukhena. Abhisanditanti sabbaso l³khabh±v±pagamanena sinehita½. S±t±tis±ten±ti mahaggatas±tato, lokuttarakusalas±tato ca ativiya s±tena madhurena. Maggasukhatopi hi phalasukha½ santatarat±ya paº²tatara½. Amatena sammodita½. “Madhu½ viy±”ti imin± s±t±tis±tata½yeva vibh±veti.
Tassa ariyassa phalassa rasabh³ta½ s±rabh³ta½ ta½ sukha½ pañña½ bh±vetv± yasm± paº¹ito vindati paµilabhat²ti yojan±.