Pah±tabbadhammapah±nakath±vaººan±

829. Ye dhamm±ti ye sa½kilesadhamm±. Sa½yojan±d²su sa½yojanaµµhena bandhanaµµhena sa½yojan±ni, vib±dhanaµµhena, upat±panaµµhena v± kiles±, micch±sabh±v±ti micchatt±, loke dhamm± lokapariy±pann± dhamm±ti lokadhamm±, maccherassa bh±vo, kamma½ v±ti macchariya½, vipar²taµµhena vipall±s±, ganthanaµµhena ganth±, ayutt± gat²ti agati, ±savant²ti ±sav±, ohanant²ti ogh±, yojanaµµhena yog±, n²varant²ti n²varaº±ni, dhammasabh±va½ atikkamma parato ±masant²ti par±m±s±, bhusa½ ±diyant²ti up±d±n±ni, appah²nabh±vena sant±ne anu anu sent²ti anusay±, mal²nabh±vakaraºaµµhena mal±, akusalakamm±ni ca t±ni sugatiduggat²na½, tattha nibbattanakasukhadukkh±nañca path± c±ti akusalakammapath±, citta½ uppajjati etth±ti cittupp±do, cittacetasikar±si akusalo ca so cittupp±do c±ti akusalacittupp±doti akusalasadda½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½.
Khandhehi khandh±nanti idhalokakkhandhehi paralokakkhandh±na½. Y±vañhi teti te r³par±g±dayo y±va pavattanti na samucchijjanti, t±va etesa½ khandhaphaladukkh±na½ anuparamo avicchedoti. Etena tesa½ sa½yojanattha½ vibh±veti. Uddhanti r³p±r³pabhavesu, tatiyamagguppattiy± v± uddha½. Uddha½ bhajant²ti uddha½bh±g±, r³p±r³pabhav±, tesa½ avicchedahetut±ya hit±ni uddha½bh±giy±ni.
Kilissanti, kilesenti c±ti duvidhampi attha½ dassento “saya½ sa½kiliµµhatt±”ti-±dim±ha.
Micch±vimutti “lokath³pik±d²su mokkho”ti pavattamicch±vimokkho. Abhinivisan±divasena micch± vipar²ta½ na samm± pavattanato micch±ñ±ºa½ mohova.
Lokappavattiy±ti khandhappavattiya½ sati. Anuparamadhammakatt±ti puññap±pavasena apar±para½ avicchijjanato. “L±bhahetuko l±bho”ti-±din± k±raºopac±rena.
¾v±se macchariya½, ±v±sahetuka½ v± macchariya½ ±v±samacchariya½.
Tayoti vatthu½ abhinditv± vutta½, bhinditv± pana vuccam±ne dv±dasa honti.
Ganthakaraºa½ k±raºabh±vena paµibaddhat±karaºa½ ganthananti ta½ r³pak±yepi labbhat²ti ±ha “n±mak±yassa ceva r³pak±yassa c±”ti. Tattha by±p±dass±pi abhisajjanupanayhavasena pavattanato ganthanaµµho veditabbo, yato tassa paµighasa½yojanabh±vo vutto.
Chandadosamohabhayeh²ti chandadosamohabhayahetu. Tañh²ti akattabbakaraºa½, kattabb±karaºañca.
Savan±ti pavattanato. Savanatoti kiles±sucibh±vena vissandanato. Puna savanatoti pasavanato.
¾ka¹¹hanaµµhena duruttaraºaµµhena c±ti etena ogh± viya ogh±ti dasseti. ¾rammaºena, dukkhena ca viyogassa appad±nasaªkh±tena yojanaµµhena yog±ti dasseti, sa½kilesakaraºaµµhen±ti attho. Tesaññev±ti k±mar±g±d²na½yeva. Te hi sotavasena vattam±n± soto viya sotapatite satte ap±yasamudda½ p±penti, sa½s±rasamuddato ca s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na denti, yath±gahitañca ±rammaºa½ vissajjitu½ na denti, y±disañca p±pa½ katv± dukkhappatte punapi t±disena yojenti.
Cittass±ti kusalacittassa, visesato jh±nacittassa. ¾dito varaºa½ ±varaºa½. Kilesav±sana½ netv± varaºa½ n²varaºa½. Kuµµakav±µ±d²hi viya pidahana½ paµicch±dana½, ta½ pana kusal±d²ni saªgaºhitu½, pariññ±tu½, ñ±tuñca appad±navasena daµµhabba½.
Tassa tassa dhammassa sabh±vanti k±y±dikassa tassa tassa dhammassa asubh±disabh±va½. Abh³ta½ sabh±vanti subh±disabh±va½.
Th±magataµµhen±ti th±magatabh±vena. Th±magatanti ca anaññas±dh±raºo k±mar±g±d²na½ sabh±vo daµµhabbo. Yena te eva bhagavat± “anusay±”ti vutt±. Anusayanañca maggena appah²nabh±vena paccayasamav±ye uppajjan±rahat±. Ten±ha “punappuna½ k±mar±g±d²na½ uppattihetubh±vena anusentiyev±”ti.
Dummocan²yabh±vena pavatti½ sandh±y±ha “telañjanakalala½ viy±”ti.
830. Ses±ti anap±yagaman²y±. Sukhum± k±mar±gapaµigh±ti sambandho. Catutthañ±ºavajjh± ev±ti avadh±raºena paµhamañ±º±divajjhat± nivatt²yati. Tayida½ niyamadassana½ aññatth±pi netabbanti dassento “parato”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “niyama½ na kariss±m±”ti etena niyame akate heµµhimamaggavajjhat±pi anuññ±t± eva hot²ti.
Lobha…pe… catutthañ±ºavajjh±n²ti-±d²su paµhamañ±º±d²hi hat±p±yagaman²y±dibh±v±n²ti adhipp±yo veditabbo. ¾disaddena o¼±rikasukhumat± gahit±.
Yaseti pariv±re.
Agat²su chand±dayo kiñc±pi uparimaggavajjh±, tath±pi ta½m³lakassa akattabbakaraºassa, kattabb±karaºassa ca ap±yagaman²yat±ya paµhamamaggavajjh±.
Kat±kat±kusal±kusalavisaya½ ya½ vippaµis±rabh³ta½ kukkucca½, ta½ idha tatiyañ±ºavajjha½ vutta½. Ya½ pana “kukkuccapakatat±ya ±pattim±pajjat²”ti (p±ci. aµµha. 438; kaªkh±. aµµha. nid±navaººan±) vutta½ kukkucca½, ta½ sandh±ya “kukkuccavicikicch± sot±pattimaggena pah²yant²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 1176) aµµhas±liniya½ vutta½. Tasm± dvinna½ vacan±na½ adhipp±yo veditabbo. Aññesupi edisesu µh±nesu adhipp±yo maggitabbo, na virodhato paccetabbo. O¼±rik±navasesappah±na½ v± sandh±ya kukkuccassa paµhamatatiyañ±ºavajjhat± vutt±ti veditabba½. “Bhagavat± paµikkhitta½ anuvasitv± anuvasitv± ±vasathapiº¹a½ bhuñjitun”ti, “kukkucc±yanto na paµiggahes²”ti (p±ci. 204) pana ±gata½ kukkucca½, na n²varaºa½ arahato uppajjanato, n²varaºapaµir³paka½ pana “kappati na kappat²”ti v²ma½sanabh³ta½ vinayakukkucca½ n±ma, ta½ tath±pavattacittupp±dova.
K±mar±gapaµigh±nusay± aºusahagat± tatiyañ±ºavajjh±. O¼±rik±na½ pana dutiyañ±ºavajjhat± heµµh± vuttanay±va.
Cittupp±daggahaºena cettha makkhapa¼±sam±y±s±µheyyapam±dathambhas±rambh±d²na½ saªgaho katoti daµµhabba½.
831. Aphalo v±y±moti ettha at²t±na½ t±va pajahane aphalo hotu v±y±mo niruddhatt±, an±gat±na½ pana kathanti tesampi vakkham±na½ avipar²tamattha½ aj±nanto natthit±matta½ gahetv± codeti, tath±pi “aphalo”ti pubbe pah±tabb±na½ natthit±ya codan± kat±, id±ni pah±nassa. Yadi hi pah±na½ atthi, katha½ pah±tabb± santi? Atha pah±tabb± santi, katha½ pah±na½ hoti? Pah±tabb± ca santi, pah±nañca hot²ti vippaµisiddhameta½. Kasm±? Pah±tabbesu santesu pah±nassa asambhavato tadupago v±y±mo aphalo ±lokatam±na½ sah±vaµµh±ne sati ±lokassa aphalat± viya. Ath±pi kathañci pah±na½ siy±? Sa½kilesik± ca maggabh±van± ±pajjati pah±tabbapah±yak±na½ sah±vaµµh±nato Vippayuttat± v± kiles±na½ cittavippayuttasaªkh±rav±d²na½ vippayuttasaªkh±r±na½ viy±ti adhipp±yo. Ta½ pana nesa½ v±d²na½ yath± matimatta½, evamidh±p²ti dassento ±ha “na ca paccuppannakileso cittavippayutto n±ma atth²”ti. Ar³padhamm± hi ekavatthuk±dibh±vena vattam±n± khaºattayapariy±pann± paccuppann±, te katha½ cittena vippayutt± n±ma siyu½, tasm± nattheva vippayuttat± kiles±na½. ¾veºik±ti as±dh±raº±, sayameva upp±dit± p±¼i an±ru¼h±ti adhipp±yo. P±¼iya½yeva hi paµikkhittanti sambandho. Sv±ya½ puggalo. Hañc²ti yadi.
Vinibaddhoti m±nena patthaddhacitto. Par±maµµhoti micch±bhiniviµµho. Th±magatoti th±magatakileso thirabh±vagat±nusayo. Tena hi natthi maggabh±van±ti yasm± t²supi k±lesu kiles±na½ pah±na½ na yujjati, tik±lik± ca kiles±, tasm± natthi maggabh±van±, t±ya s±dhetabba½ kicca½ natth²ti attho. “Na hi natthi maggabh±van±”ti-±din± catukkhattu½ vuttassa paµikkhepassa paµikkhepo. Ida½ vutta½ “p±¼iya½yeva h²”ti-±di½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½.
Evamev±ti yath± aj±taphale taruºarukkhe m³le chinne asati chedane ±yati½ uppajjan±rah±ni chedanapaccay± anuppajjam±n±ni vinaµµh±ni n±ma honti, evameva maggabh±van±ya asati uppajjan±rah± kiles± maggabh±van±ya anuppajjam±n± “pah²n±”ti vuccant²ti upam±sa½sandana½ veditabba½. Upp±doti upp±das²sena upp±davanto khandh± vutt±. Anupp±deti nibb±ne. Aj±t±yeva na j±yanti, tasm± pah²n± n±ma hont²ti “natthi kilesappah±nan”ti parav±din± kato paµikkhepo “na h²”ti paµikkhitto. Te pana neva uppajjitv± vigat±, n±pi bhavissanti, na ca uppann±ti “at²te kilese pajahat²”ti-±di na vattabbanti dasseti. Hetunirodh±ti dukkhahet³na½ kiles±na½ nirodh±. Dukkhanirodhoti ±yati½ uppajjanakadukkhassa nirodho. Upp±dapavattanimitt±y³han± paccuppannabhavavasena gahit±.
832. Eten±ti “aj±t±yeva na j±yant²”ti-±divacanena. Vipassan±ya ±rammaºabh³ta½ up±d±nakkhandhapañcakasaªkh±ta½ bh³mipavattiµµh±na½ laddhavanto bh³miladdh± yath± “aggi-±hito”ti, laddhabh³mik±ti attho Vattam±n±di-uppannavidhurat±ya bh³miladdhuppann± eva n±ma teti vutta½.
833. Anubhavitv±, bhavitv± ca apagata½ bh³t±pagata½. Anubh³tabh³t± hi bh³tat±s±maññena bh³tasaddena vutt±. S±maññameva hi upasaggena vises²yat²ti. Anubh³tasaddo ca kammavacanicch±ya abh±vato anubh±vakav±cako daµµhabbo. Vikappag±havasena r±g±d²hi, tabbipakkhehi ca akusala½, kusalañca ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavati, na vip±ko kammavegakkhittatt±, n±pi kiriy± ahetuk±na½ atidubbalat±ya, sahetuk±nañca kh²ºakilesassa cha¼aªgupekkh±vato uppajjam±n±na½ atisantavuttitt±. Ettha ca purimanaye kusal±kusalameva vattu½ adhipp±yavasena “bh³t±pagatan”ti vutta½. Ya½ “uppann±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±ya uppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ µhitiy±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.651-662; vibha. 390-391) ettha “uppannan”ti gahetv± ta½sadis±na½ pah±na½, vuddhi ca vutt±. Pacchimanaye ca-saddena kusal±kusalañca ±ka¹¹hitv± sabba½ saªkhata½ vutta½ bhutv±pagatabh±v±bhidh±n±dhipp±yena. Vipaccitu½ ok±sakaraºavasena uppattita½ at²ta½ kammañca tato uppajjitu½ ±raddho vip±ko ca an±gato ok±sakatuppannoti vutto ok±so kato etena, ok±so kato etass±ti ca atthadvayavasena, ya½ uppannasaddena vin±pi viññ±yam±na½ uppanna½ sandh±ya “n±ha½, bhikkhave, sañcetanik±na½ kamm±nan”ti-±di (a. ni. 10.217, 219) vutta½.
T±su t±su bh³m²s³ti manussadev±di-attabh±vasaªkh±tesu up±d±nakkhandhesu. Tasmi½ tasmi½ sant±ne anuppattidhammata½ an±p±ditat±ya asam³hata½. Asam³hatatt±yeva hissa natth²ti navattabbat±ya uppannavoh±ro.
834. “K± bh³mi, ko v± bh³miladdho”ti ±saªka½ nivattetu½ “ettha c±”ti-±di ±raddha½. “Vipassan±ya ±rammaºabh³t±”ti etena khandh±na½ apariññ±tata½ dasseti, na ±rammaºabh±vamatta½ tebh³makaggahaºeneva tassa siddhatt±. Apariññ±t± hi khandh± kiles±na½ bh³m²ti adhippet±. Khandhesu vatthubh³tesu. ¾rammaºavasen±ti ±rammaºakaraºavasena. At²t±n±gate, pageva paccuppanneti adhipp±yo. Tanti ta½ aññasant±nagata½ kilesaj±ta½. Tato aññasmi½ sant±ne ±rammaºakaraºamattena bh³miladdha½ n±ma yadi siy±ti sambandho. Tass±ti kilesaj±tassa. Appaheyyato parasantatipatitatt± na koci bhavam³la½ pajaheyya. Bh³miladdhañhi anusayita½ n±ma hot²ti adhipp±yo. Vatthuvasen±ti uppattiµµh±navasena. Yattha yattha bhave, sant±ne v±. Pariññ±t±na½ abh³mibh±vato “apariññ±t±”ti vutta½. Upp±dato pabhut²ti tesa½ khandh±na½ uppajjanato paµµh±ya. Kiles±na½ appah²nabh±va½ µhapetv± aññassa k±raºassa abh±vato tesu khandhesu kilesaj±ta½ anuseti, tasm± ta½ anusayita½ kilesaj±ta½, teneva anusayanasaªkh±tena appah²naµµhena bh³miladdhanti veditabba½.
835. Tattha ca bh³mibh³tesu khandhesu na sabbe sabbesa½ vatth³ honti, atha kho viseso atth²ti ta½ dassento ±ha “yassa yes³”ti-±di. Tattha yass±ti yassa puggalassa. Yes³ti satipi ajjhattabh±vas±maññe yesu at²t±dik±m±vacar±dibhedabhinnesu khandhesu. Te eva yath±nusayit± khandh±. Ki½ panete kiles± ±rammaºa½ karont± viya paricchijja paricchijja anusent²ti? Yato te eva khandh± tesa½ kiles±na½ vatth³ti vutt±, na heva kho anusay±na½ vatthu½ paricchijja pavatti atthi. At²t±dik±m±vacar±divasena pana yath±paricchinne vatthusmi½ yo kiles±na½ appah²naµµho, so paricchijja pavatto viya hot²ti “at²takkhandhes³”ti-±di vutta½. Tena vatthuvasena bh³miladdha½ hot²ti vatthubhedena siy± tassa bhedoti dasseti. Tath±vavatthitabh±vato eva hi “aññataro lolaj±tiko ta½ rasapathavi½ aªguliy± s±y²”ti-±divacana½ (d². ni. 3.120) k±m±vacarakkhandhesu anusayit±na½ rasataºh±d²na½ r³p±r³p±vacarakkhandhe atikkamitv± puna k±m±vacarakkhandhavatthukata½ vibh±veti. Ten±ha “tath± k±m±vacarakkhandhes³”ti-±di Yath± cettha r³p±r³p±vacarakkhandhe atikkamitv± pavatti, eva½ k±m±vacarakkhandhe atikkamitv± pavatti hot²ti ±ha “esa nayo r³p±r³p±vacares³”ti.
Pariyuµµh±n±bhibhavanavasena ca kiles±na½ anusayanaµµho anum²yati tadabh±ve abh±vato. Yassa ye anusay± pah²n±, tesa½ vatthu tena samatikkanta½ pariññ±tatt±ti kuto nesa½ bh³misamaññ±ti dassetu½ vutta½ “sot±pann±d²su pan±”ti-±di. Idha vaµµam³lakiles±ti anusay± adhippet±, na avijj±, bhavataºh± ca. Ya½ kiñci cetan±cetasikabheda½, k±yik±dibheda½ v±. It²ti eva½, appah²n±nusayatt±ti adhipp±yo. Ass±ti puthujjanassa. Te panete anusay± at²t±dik±m±vacar±divasena yath±paricchinne tattha tattha vatthusmi½ anusayant±pi te te pañcup±d±nakkhandhe avibh±geneva vatthu½ katv± anusent²ti dassento “tasseta½ vaµµam³lan”ti-±dim±ha.
836. Id±ni tamattha½ anvayabyatirekavasena upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “pathav²ras±di viy±”ti-±di vutta½. Rukkhagacchalat±d²na½ paccayabh³to sasambh±rapathaviy± raso pathav²raso. ¾porasepi eseva nayo. S±kh± n±ma khuddakas±kh±. Pas±kho viµapo. Rukkhapaveºinti rukkhapar±para½. Sant±nayam±neti apar±para½ anuppabandhante.
Maº¹³kakaºµakoti eko macchakaºµakoti vadanti. Anup±d±noti pah²nacaturup±d±no, r³p±d²su v± kiñcipi agaºhanto.
837. Idha samud±c±ro n±ma laddhattal±bhat±ti khaºattayasamaªgisamud±c±ruppannanti ±ha “vattam±nuppannameva samud±c±ruppannan”ti. Pubbabh±ge anuppajjam±namp²ti tasmi½ ±p±thagate ±rammaºe ±dito pavattajavanav±resu anuppajjam±nampi. Adhiggahitatt±ti ayonisomanasik±rena abhiruyha gahitatt±, da¼ha½ gahitatt±ti attho. Aparabh±geti aparasmi½ k±labh±ge, k±lantareti attho. Ekantena uppattitoti paccayasamav±ye sati tath± ayonisomanasik±rassa tattha nibbattatt± niyamena uppajjanato. Kaly±ºig±meti eva½n±make g±me. Rohaºe kira abhir³p±na½ itth²na½ uppattiµµh±nat±ya so g±mo tath± vuccati. Cittasantatiman±ru¼hanti paccuppannata½ paµisedheti. “Uppattiniv±rakassa hetuno abh±v±”ti etena paccaye sati paccayasamav±ye uppajjan±rahat±ya avikkhambhitassa uppannat±pariy±yoti dasseti. Nanu ca asam³hatuppannampi paccaye sati uppajjan±rahameva? Saccameta½, pah±navisesabh±vakato pana nesa½ bhedo. Yath± avikkhambhit±sam³hatabh³miladdhuppanna½ sati paccayasamav±ye uppajjan±raha½, eva½ ±rammaº±dhiggahituppannamp²ti tividhass±pi bh³miladdhena ekasaªgahat± vutt±.
838. Akusalampi bh³t±pagatuppanna½ at²tatt± na pah±tabba½, tath± ekacca½ ok±sakatuppanna½ itara½ appah±tabbato, sesadvaya½ khaºattayasamaªgibh±vatoti ±ha “amaggavajjhatt±”ti. Kenac²ti cat³su maggañ±ºesu kenaci. Tass±ti yath±vuttassa catubbidhassapi uppannassa. Ta½ uppannabh±va½ vin±sayam±nanti anuppattidhammat±p±danena uppajjan±rahata½ vin±senta½. Paµhama½ lokiyañ±ºena yath±bala½ pah²nameva lokuttarañ±ºa½ pajahat²ti lokiyaggahaºa½ kata½.