Id±ni tamattha½ kakac³pam±ya s±dhetu½ “seyyath±p²”ti-±di vutta½. Bh³mibh±gassa visamat±ya cańcale rukkhe chedanakiriy± na sukar± siy±, tath± ca sati kakacadantagati dubbińńeyy±ti ±ha “same bh³mibh±ge”ti. Kakacen±ti khuddakena kharapattena. Ten±ha “puriso”ti. Phuµµhakakacadant±nanti phuµµhaphuµµhakakacadant±na½ vasena. Tena kakacadantehi phuµµhaphuµµhaµµh±neyeva purisassa satiy± upaµµh±na½ dasseti. Ten±ha “na ±gate v± gate v± kakacadante manasi karot²”ti. Kakacassa ±ka¹¹hanak±le puris±bhimukha½ pavatt± ±gat±. Pellanak±le tato vigat± “gat±”ti vutt±. Na ca ±gat± v± gat± v± kakacadant± avidit± honti sabbattha satiy± upaµµhitatt± chinditabbaµµh±na½ aphusitv± gacchant±na½, ±gacchant±nańca kakacadant±na½ abh±vato. Padh±nanti rukkhassa chedanav²riya½ Payoganti tasseva chedanakiriya½. Visesanti anekabh±v±p±dana½, tena ca s±dhetabba½ payojanavisesa½.
Yath± rukkhoti-±di upam±sa½sandana½. Upanibandhati ±rammaŗe citta½ et±y±ti sati upanibandhan± n±ma, tass± ass±sapass±s±na½ sallakkhaŗassa nimittanti upanibandhan±nimitta½, n±sikagga½, mukhanimitta½ v±. Evamev±ti yath±pi so puriso kakacena rukkha½ chindanto ±gatagate kakacadante amanasikarontopi phuµµhaphuµµhaµµh±neyeva satiy± upaµµhapanena ±gatagate kakacadante j±n±ti, suttapadańca avirajjhanto atthakicca½ s±dheti, evameva. N±sikagge mukhanimitteti d²ghan±siko n±sikagge itaro mukha½ dasana½ nim²yati ch±d²yati eten±ti mukhanimittanti laddhan±me uttaroµµhe.
Ida½ padh±nanti yena v²riy±rambhena ±raddhav²riyassa yogino k±yopi cittampi kammaniya½ bh±van±kammakkhama½ bh±van±kammayogga½ hoti, ida½ v²riya½ padh±nanti phalena hetu½ dasseti. Upakkiles± pah²yant²ti cittassa upakkilesabh³t±ni n²varaŗ±ni vikkhambhanavasena pah²yanti. Vitakk± v³pasamant²ti tato eva k±mavitakk±dayo micch±vitakk± upasama½ gacchanti, n²varaŗappah±nena v± paµhamajjh±n±dhigama½ dassetv± vitakkav³pasam±padesena dutiyajjh±n±d²namadhigamam±ha. Aya½ payogoti aya½ jh±n±dhigamassa hetubh³to kammaµµh±n±nuyogo payogo. Sa½yojan± pah²yant²ti dasapi sa½yojan±ni maggapaµip±µiy± samucchedavasena pah²yanti. Anusay± byant² hont²ti tath± sattapi anusay± anuppattidhammat±p±danena bhaŖgamattassapi anavasesato vigatant± honti. Ettha ca sa½yojanappah±na½ n±ma anusayanirodheneva hoti, pah²nesu ca sa½yojanesu anusay±na½ lesopi na bhavissat²ti ca dassanattha½ “sa½yojan± pah²yanti anusay± byant² hont²”ti vutta½. Aya½ visesoti ima½ sam±dhi½ niss±ya anukkamena labbham±no aya½ sa½yojanappah±n±diko imassa sam±dhissa visesoti attho.
Yass±ti yena. Anupubbanti anukkamena. Paricit±ti pariciŗŗ±. Aya½ hettha saŖkhepattho– ±n±p±nassati yath± buddhena bhagavat± desit± tatheva yena d²gharassapaj±nan±dividhin± anupubba½ paricit± suµµhu bh±vit±, tato eva paripuŗŗ± so¼asanna½ vatth³na½ p±rip³riy± sabbaso puŗŗ±. So bhikkhu ima½ attano khandh±diloka½ pańńobh±sena pabh±seti. Yath± ki½ abbh± muttova candim± abbhupakkilesavimutto candim± t±rakar±j± viy±ti.
Idh±ti kakac³pam±ya½. Ass±ti yogino. Idh±ti v± imasmi½ µh±ne. Ass±ti upam±bh³tassa kakacassa. ¾gatagatavasena yath± tassa purisassa amanasik±ro, eva½ ass±sapass±s±na½ ±gatagatavasena amanasik±ramattameva payojana½.
228. Nimittanti paµibh±ganimitta½. Avasesajh±naŖgapaµimaŗ¹it±ti appan±vitakk±di-avasesajh±naŖgapaµimaŗ¹it±ti vadanti, vic±r±d²ti pana vattabba½ nippariy±yena vitakkassa appan±bh±vato. So hi p±¼iya½ “appan± byappan±”ti (dha. sa. 7) niddiµµho, ta½sampayogato v± yasm± jh±na½ “appan±”ti aµµhakath±voh±ro, jh±naŖgesu ca sam±dhi padh±na½, tasm± ta½ “appan±”ti dassento “avasesajh±naŖgapaµimaŗ¹it± appan±saŖkh±t± µhapan± ca sampajjat²”ti ±ha. Kassaci pana gaŗan±vaseneva manasik±rak±lato pabhut²ti ettha “anukkamato…pe… laŖghan±k±rappatta½ viya hot²”ti ettako gantho parih²no.
S±raddhak±yassa kassaci puggalassa. Onamati paµµik±d²na½ palambanena. Vik³jat²ti sadda½ karoti. Gatt±nisadakappar±d²na½ sandhiµµh±nesu vali½ gaŗh±ti tattha tattha valita½ hoti. Kasm±? Yasm± s±raddhak±yo garuko hot²ti k±yadarathav³pasamena saddhi½ sijjham±no o¼±rika-ass±sapass±sanirodho byatirekamukhena tassa s±dhana½ viya vutto. O¼±rika-ass±sapass±sanirodhavasen±ti anvayavasena tadatthas±dhana½. Tattha k±yadarathe v³pasanteti cittajar³p±na½ lahumudukammańńabh±vena yo sesatisantatir³p±nampi lahu-±dibh±vo, so idha k±yassa lahubh±voti adhippeto. Sv±ya½ yasm± cittassa lahu-±dibh±vena vin± natthi, tasm± vutta½ “k±yopi cittampi lahuka½ hot²”ti.
O¼±rike ass±sapass±se niruddheti-±di heµµh± vuttanayampi vicetabb±k±rappattassa k±yasaŖkh±rassa vicayanavidhi½ dassetu½ ±n²ta½.
229. Upar³pari vibh³t±n²ti bh±van±balena uddha½ uddha½ p±kaµ±ni honti. Desatoti pakatiy± phusanadesato, pubbe attan± phusanavasena upadh±ritaµµh±nato.
“Kattha natth²”ti µh±navasena, “kassa natth²”ti puggalavasena v²ma½siyam±namattha½ ekajjha½ katv± vibh±vetu½ “antom±tukucchiyan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yath± udake nimuggassa puggalassa niruddhok±sat±ya ass±sapass±s± na pavattanti, eva½ antom±tukucchiya½. Yath± mat±na½ samuµµh±pakacitt±bh±vato, eva½ asańń²bh³t±na½ mucch±paret±na½, asańń²su v± j±t±na½, tath± nirodhasam±pann±na½. Catutthajjh±nasam±pann±na½ pana dhammat±vaseneva nesa½ anuppajjana½, tath± r³p±r³pabhavasamaŖg²na½. Keci pana “anupubbato sukhumabh±vappattiy± catutthajjh±nasam±pannassa, r³pabhave r³p±na½ bhavaŖgassa ca sukhumabh±vato r³pabhavasamaŖg²na½ natth²”ti k±raŗa½ vadanti. Atthiyeva te ass±sapass±s± pariyesatoti adhipp±yo, yath±vuttasattaµµh±navinimuttassa ass±sapass±s±na½ anuppajjanaµµh±nassa abh±vato. Pakatiphuµµhavasen±ti pakatiy± phusanaµµh±navasena. Nimitta½ µhapetabbanti satiy± tattha tattha sukhappavattanattha½ thiratarasańj±nana½ pavattetabba½. Thirasańń±padaµµh±n± hi sati. Imamev±ti ima½ eva anupaµµhahantassa k±yasaŖkh±rassa kaŗµakuµµh±pananayena upaµµh±panavidhimeva. Atthavasanti hetu½. Atthoti hi phala½, so yassa vasena pavattati, so atthavasoti. Muµµhassatiss±ti vinaµµhassatissa. Asampaj±nass±ti sampajańńarahitassa, bh±ventassa anukkamena anupaµµhahante ass±sapass±se v²ma½sitv± “ime te”ti upadh±retu½, sammadeva paj±nituńca samatth±hi satipańń±hi virahitass±ti adhipp±yo.
230. Ito ańńa½ kammaµµh±na½. Garukanti bh±riya½. S± cassa garukat± bh±van±ya sudukkarabh±ven±ti ±ha “garukabh±vanan”ti. Upar³pari santasukhumabh±vappattito “balavat² suvisad± s³r± ca satipańń± ca icchitabb±”ti vatv± sukhumassa n±ma atthassa s±dhanen±pi sukhumeneva bhavitabbanti dassetu½ “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Id±ni anupaµµhahant±na½ ass±sapass±s±na½ pariyesanup±ya½ dassento “t±hi ca pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha gocaramukheti gocar±bhimukhe. Anupadanti pad±nupada½. Caritv±ti gocara½ gahetv±. Tasmi½yeva µh±neti upanibandhan±nimittasańńitaµµh±ne. Yojetv±ti manasik±rena yojetv±. Satirasmiy± bandhitv±ti v± vuttamevattham±ha “tasmi½yeva µh±ne yojetv±”ti. Na hi upameyye bandhanayojanaµµh±n±ni visu½ labbhanti.
231. Nimittanti uggahanimitta½, paµibh±ganimitta½ v±. Ubhayampi hi idha ekajjha½ vutta½. Tath± hi t³lapicu-±di-upamattaya½ uggahe yujjati, sesa½ ubhayattha. Ekacceti eke ±cariy±.
T±rakar³pa½ viy±ti t±rak±ya pabh±r³pa½ viya. Maŗigu¼ik±di-upam± paµibh±ge vaµµanti. Katha½ paneta½ eka½yeva kammaµµh±na½ anek±k±rato upaµµh±t²ti ±ha “tańca panetan”ti-±di. Suttantanti eka½ sutta½. Paguŗappavattibh±vena aviccheda½, mah±visayatańca sandh±y±ha “mahat² pabbateyy± nad² viy±”ti. Atthabyańjanasampattiy± samantabhaddaka½ sutta½ sabbabh±gamanohar± sabbap±liphull± vanaghaµ± viy±ti ±ha “ek± vanar±ji viy±”ti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “vanappagumbe yatha phussitagge”ti (khu. p±. 6.13; su. ni. 236). N±n±nusandhika½ n±n±peyy±la½ vividhanayanipuŗa½ bahuvidhakammaµµh±namukhasuttanta½ atthikehi sakkacca½ samupaj²vitabbanti ±ha “s²tacch±yo…pe… rukkho viy±”ti. Sańń±n±nat±y±ti nimittupaµµh±nato pubbeva pavattasańń±na½ n±n±vidhabh±vato.
Ime tayo dhamm±ti ass±so, pass±so, nimittanti ime tayo dhamm±. Natth²ti kammaµµh±navasena manasik±tabbabh±vena natthi na upalabbhanti. Na ca upac±ranti upac±rampi na p±puŗ±ti, pageva appananti adhipp±yo. Yassa pan±ti vijjam±napakkho vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo.
Id±ni vuttasseva atthassa samatthanattha½ kakac³pam±ya½ ±gat± “nimittan”ti-±dik± g±th± pacc±n²t±.
232. Nimitteti yath±vutte paµibh±ganimitte. Eva½ hot²ti bh±vanamanuyuttassa eva hoti. Tasm± “punappuna½ eva½ manasi karoh²”ti vattabbo. Vos±na½ ±pajjeyy±ti “nimitta½ n±ma dukkara½ upp±detu½, tayida½ laddha½, hand±ha½ d±ni yad± v± tad± v± visesa½ nibbattess±m²”ti saŖkoca½ ±pajjeyya. Vis²deyy±ti “ettaka½ k±la½ bh±vanamanuyuttassa nimittampi na uppanna½, abhabbo mańńe visesass±”ti vis±da½ ±pajjeyya.
“Im±ya paµipad±ya jar±maraŗato mucciss±m²ti paµipannassa nimittan”ti vutte katha½ saŖkoc±patti, bhiyyoso matt±ya uss±hameva kareyy±ti “nimittamida½…pe… vattabbo”ti majjhimabh±ŗak± ±hu. Evanti vuttappak±rena paµibh±ganimitteyeva bh±van±cittassa µhapanena. Ito pabhut²ti ito paµibh±ganimittuppattito paµµh±ya. Pubbe ya½ vutta½ “anubandhan±ya ca phusan±ya ca µhapan±ya ca manasi karot²”ti (visuddhi. 1.224), tattha anubandhana½, phusanańca vissajjetv± µhapan±vasena bh±van± hot²ti µhapan±vaseneva bh±vetabbanti attho.
Por±ŗehi vuttov±yamatthoti “nimitte”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha nimitteti paµibh±ganimitte. Żhapaya½ cittanti bh±van±citta½ µhapento, µhapan±vasena manasi karontoti attho. N±n±k±ranti “catt±ro vaŗŗ±”ti (visuddhi. 1.219; p±r±. aµµha. 2.165; paµi. ma. aµµha. 2.1.163) eva½ vutta½ n±n±k±ra½. ¾k±ras±mańńavasena heta½ ekavacana½. Vibh±vayanti vibh±vento antaradh±pento. Nimittuppattito paµµh±ya hi te ±k±r± amanasikaroto antarahit± viya honti. Ass±sapass±seti ass±sapass±se yo n±n±k±ro, ta½ vibh±vaya½, ass±sapass±sasambh³te v± nimitte. Saka½ citta½ nibandhat²ti t±ya eva µhapan±ya attano citta½ upanibandhati, appet²ti attho. Ye pana “vibh±vayanti vibh±vento vidita½ p±kaµa½ karonto”ti attha½ vadanti, ta½ pubbabh±gavasena yujjeyya. Ayańhettha attho– dhitisampannatt± dh²ro yog² ass±sapass±se n±n±k±ra½ vibh±vento n±n±k±rato te paj±nanto vidite p±kaµe karonto, n±n±k±ra½ v± o¼±riko¼±rike passambhento v³pasamento tattha ya½ laddha½ nimitta½, tasmi½ citta½ µhapento anukkamena saka½ citta½ nibandhati appet²ti.