T±disoti d²gho, rasso ca. Catt±ro vaºº±ti catt±ro ±k±r±, te ca d²gh±dayo eva. N±sikagge va bhikkhunoti g±th±bandhasukhattha½ rassa½ katv± vutta½ “n±sikagge v±”ti, -saddo aniyamattho, tena uttaroµµha½ saªgaºh±ti.
220. Sabbak±yapaµisa½ved²ti sabbassa k±yassa paµi paµi pacceka½ sammadeva vedanas²lo j±nanas²lo, tassa v± paµi paµi sammadeva vedo etassa atthi, ta½ v± paµi paµi sammadeva vedam±noti attho. Tattha tattha sabba-ggahaºena ass±s±dik±yassa anavasesapariy±d±ne siddhepi anekakal±pasamud±yabh±vato tassa sabbesampi bh±g±na½ sa½vedanadassanattha½ paµi-saddaggahaºa½. Tattha sakkaccak±r²bh±vadassanattha½ sa½-saddaggahaºanti imamattha½ dassento “sakalass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yath± sam±nepi ass±sapass±sesu yogino paµipattividh±ne pacceka½ sakkacca½yeva paµipajjitabbanti dassetu½ visu½ desan± kat±, eva½ tamevattha½ d²petu½ satipi atthassa sam±nat±ya “sakalass±”ti-±din± padadvayassa visu½ visu½ atthavaººan± kat±ti veditabba½. P±kaµa½ karontoti vibh³ta½ karonto, sabbaso vibh±ventoti attho. P±kaµ²karaºa½ vibh±vana½ tattha asammuyhana½ ñ±ºeneva nesa½ pavattanena hot²ti dassento “eva½ vidita½ karonto”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tasm±ti yasm± ñ±ºasampayuttacitteneva ass±sapass±se pavatteti, na vippayuttacittena, tasm± eva½bh³to sabbak±yapaµisa½ved² assasiss±mi passasiss±m²ti sikkhat²ti vuccati buddh±d²h²ti yojan±. Cuººavicuººavisaµeti anekakal±pat±ya cuººavicuººabh±vena visaµe. ¾di p±kaµo hoti satiy±, ñ±ºassa ca vasena tath± pubb±bhisaªkh±rassa pavattatt±. T±disena bhavitabbanti catutthapuggalasadisena bhavitabba½, pageva sati½, ñ±ºañca paccupaµµhapetv± t²supi µh±nesu ñ±ºasampayuttameva citta½ pavattetabbanti adhipp±yo.
Evanti vuttappak±rena sabbak±yapaµisa½vedanavaseneva. Ghaµat²ti ussahati. V±yamat²ti v±y±ma½ karoti, manasik±ra½ pavattet²ti attho. Tath±bh³tass±ti ±n±p±nassati½ bh±ventassa. Sa½varoti sati v²riyampi v±. T±ya satiy±ti y± ±n±p±ne ±rabbha pavatt± sati, t±ya. Tena manasik±ren±ti yo so tattha satipubbaªgamo bh±van±manasik±ro, tena saddhinti adhipp±yo. ¾sevat²ti “tisso sikkh±yo”ti vutte adhikusaladhamme ±sevati. Tad±sevanañhettha sikkhananti adhippeta½.
Purimanayeti purimasmi½ bh±van±naye, paµhamavatthudvayeti adhipp±yo. Tatth±pi k±ma½ ñ±ºupp±dana½ labbhateva ass±sapass±s±na½ y±th±vato d²gharassabh±v±vabodhasabbh±vato, tath±pi ta½ na dukkara½ yath±pavatt±na½ tesa½ gahaºamattabh±vatoti tattha vattam±nak±lappayogo kato. Ida½ pana dukkara½ purisassa khuradh±r±ya½ gamanasadisa½, tasm± s±tisayenettha pubb±bhisaªkh±rena bhavitabbanti d²petu½ an±gatak±lappayogo katoti imamattha½ dassetu½ “tattha yasm±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ñ±ºupp±dan±d²s³ti ±di-saddena k±yasaªkh±rapassambhanap²tipaµisa½vedan±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Keci panettha “sa½varasam±d±n±na½ saªgaho”ti vadanti.
K±yasaªkh±ranti ass±sapass±sa½. So hi cittasamuµµh±nopi sam±no karajak±yappaµibaddhavuttit±ya tena saªkhar²yat²ti k±yasaªkh±roti vuccati. Yo pana “k±yasaªkh±ro vac²saªkh±ro”ti (ma. ni. 1.102) evam±gato k±yasaªkh±ro cetan±lakkhaºo satipi dv±rantaruppattiya½ yebhuyyavuttiy±, tabbahulavuttiy± ca k±yadv±rena lakkhito, so idha n±dhippeto. Passambhentoti-±d²su pacchima½ pacchima½ pada½ purimassa purimassa atthavacana½, tasm± passambhana½ n±ma v³pasamana½, tañca tath±payoge asati uppajjan±rahassa o¼±rikassa k±yasaªkh±rassa payogasampattiy± anupp±dananti daµµhabba½. Tatr±ti “o¼±rika½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ passambhento”ti ettha. Apariggahitak±leti kammaµµh±nassa an±raddhak±le, tato eva k±yacitt±nampi apariggahitak±le. “Nis²dati pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±y±”ti hi imin± k±yapariggaho, “parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±”ti imin± cittapariggaho vutto. Tenev±ha “k±yopi cittampi pariggahit± hont²”ti. K±yoti karajak±yo. Sadarath±ti sapari¼±h±, s± ca nesa½ sadarathat± garubh±vena viya o¼±rikat±ya avin±bh±vin²ti ±ha “o¼±rik±”ti. Balavatar±ti sabal± th³l±. Sant± hont²ti citta½ t±va½ bahiddh± vikkhep±bh±vena ekagga½ hutv± kammaµµh±na½ pariggahetv± pavattam±na½ santa½ hoti v³pasanta½, tato eva ta½samuµµh±n± r³padhamm± lahumudukammaññabh±vappatt±, tadanuguºat±ya sesa½ tisantatir³panti eva½ citte, k±ye ca v³pasante pavattam±ne tannissit± ass±sapass±s± santasabh±v± anukkamena sukhumatarasukhumatam± hutv± pavattanti. Tena vutta½ “yad± panassa k±yop²”ti-±di.
¾bhujana½ ±bhogo, “passambhem²”ti paµham±vajjan±. Samm± anu anu ±haraºa½ samann±h±ro, tasmi½yeva atthe apar±para½ pavatta-±vajjan±. Tasseva atthassa manasi karaºa½ citte µhapana½ manasik±ro. V²ma½s± paccavekkhaº±.
S±raddheti sadarathe sapari¼±he. Adhimattanti balava½ o¼±rika½. Liªgavipall±sena vutta½. K±yasaªkh±roti hi adhippeto. “Adhimatta½ hutv± pavattat²”ti kiriy±visesana½ v± eta½. Sukhumanti etth±pi eseva nayo. K±yamh²ti ettha “citte c±”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½.
221. Paµhamajjh±nato vuµµh±ya kariyam±na½ dutiyajjh±nassa n±n±vajjana½ parikamma½ paµhamajjh±na½ viya d³rasamuss±ritapaµipakkhanti katv± ta½samuµµh±no k±yasaªkh±ro paµhamajjh±ne ca dutiyajjh±n³pac±re ca o¼±rikoti sadiso vutto. Esa nayo ses³pac±radvayepi. Atha v± dutiyajjh±n±d²na½ adhigam±ya paµipajjato dukkh±paµipad±divasena kilamato yogino k±yakilamathacitt³pagh±t±divasena, vitakk±disaªkhobhena ca sapariphandat±ya cittappavattiy± dutiyajjh±n±di-upac±resu k±yasaªkh±rassa o¼±rikat± veditabb±. Atisukhumoti aññattha labbham±no k±yasaªkh±ro catutthajjh±ne atikkantasukhumo. Sukhumabh±vopissa tattha natthi, kuto o¼±rikat± appavattanato. Ten±ha “appavattimeva p±puº±t²”ti.
L±bhissa sato anupubbasam±pattisam±pajjanavela½, ek±saneneva v± sabbesa½ jh±n±na½ paµil±bha½ sandh±ya majjhimabh±ºak± heµµhimaheµµhimajjh±nato upar³parijh±n³pac±repi sukhumatara½ icchanti. Tattha hi sopac±r±na½ jh±n±na½ upar³pari visesavantat±, santat± ca sambhaveyya, ek±vajjan³pac±ra½ v± sandh±ya eva½ vutta½. Evañhi heµµh± vuttav±dena imassa v±dassa avirodho siddho bhinnavisayatt±. Sabbesaññev±ti ubhayesampi. Yasm± te sabbepi vuccam±nena vidhin± passaddhimicchantiyeva. “Apariggahitak±le pavattak±yasaªkh±ro pariggahitak±le paµippassambhat²”ti ida½ sadisasant±nat±ya vutta½. Na hi te eva o¼±rik± ass±s±dayo sukhum± honti. Passambhan±k±ro pana nesa½ heµµh± vuttoyeva.
Mah±bh³tapariggahe sukhumoti catudh±tumukhena vipassan±bhinivesa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Sakalar³papariggahe sukhumo bh±van±ya upar³pari paº²tabh±vato. Tenev±ha “r³p±r³papariggahe sukhumo”ti. Lakkhaº±rammaºikavipassan±ti kal±pasammasanam±ha. Nibbid±nupassanato paµµh±ya balavavipassan±. Tato ora½ dubbalavipassan±. Pubbe vuttanayen±ti “apariggahitak±le”ti-±din± samathanaye vuttena nayena “apariggahe pavatto k±yasaªkh±ro mah±bh³tapariggahe paµippassambhat²”ti-±din± vipassan±nayepi paµippassaddhi yojetabb±ti vutta½ hoti.
Ass±ti imassa “passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ran”ti padassa. Codan±sodhan±h²ti anuyogaparih±rehi. Evanti id±ni vuccam±n±k±rena.
Kathanti ya½ ida½ “passambhaya½…pe… sikkhat²”ti (paµi. ma. 1.171) vutta½, ta½ katha½ kena pak±rena k±yasaªkh±rassa passambhana½, yogino ca sikkhana½ hot²ti kathetukamyat±ya pucchitv± k±yasaªkh±re sar³pato, o¼±rikasukhumato, v³pasamato, anuyogaparih±rato ca dassetu½ “katame k±yasaªkh±r±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha k±yik±ti r³pak±ye bhav±. K±yapaµibaddh±ti k±yasannissit±. K±ye sati honti, asati na honti, tato eva te ak±yasamuµµh±n±pi k±yena saªkhar²yant²ti k±yasaªkh±r±. Passambhentoti o¼±riko¼±rika½ passambhento. Sesapadadvaya½ tasseva vevacana½. O¼±rikañhi k±yasaªkh±ra½ av³pasantasabh±va½ sannis²d±pento “passambhento”ti vuccati, anupp±danirodha½ p±pento “nirodhento”ti, suµµhu santasabh±va½ nayanto “v³pasamento”ti.
Yath±r³peh²ti y±disehi. K±yasaªkh±reh²ti o¼±rikehi k±yasaªkh±rehi. ¾naman±ti abhimukhabh±vena k±yassa naman±. Vinaman±ti visu½ visu½ passato naman±. Sannaman±ti sabbato, suµµhu v± naman±. Paºaman±ti pacchato naman±. Iñjan±d²ni ±naman±d²na½ vevacan±ni, adhimatt±ni v± abhimukha½ calan±d²ni ±naman±dayo, mand±ni iñjan±dayo. Passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ranti tath±r³pa½ ±naman±d²na½ k±raºabh³ta½ o¼±rika½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ passambhento. Tasmi½ hi passambhite ±naman±dayopi passambhit± eva honti.
Santa½ sukhumanti yath±r³pehi k±yasaªkh±rehi k±yassa aparipphandanahet³hi ±naman±dayo na honti, tath±r³pa½ darath±bh±vato santa½, ano¼±rikat±ya sukhuma½. Passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ranti s±maññato eka½ katv± vadati. Atha v± pubbe o¼±riko¼±rika½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ paµippassambhento anukkamena k±yassa aparipphandanahetubh³te sukhumasukhumatare upp±detv± tepi paµippassambhetv± paramasukhumat±ya koµippatta½ ya½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ paµippassambheti, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “santa½ sukhuma½ passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ran”ti.
It²ti-±di codakavacana½. Tattha it²ti pak±ratthe nip±to. Kir±ti arucis³cane, eva½ ceti attho. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– vuttappak±rena yadi atisukhumampi k±yasaªkh±ra½ passambhet²ti. Eva½ santeti eva½ sati tay± vutt±k±re labbham±ne. V±t³paladdhiy±ti v±tassa upaladdhiy±. Ca-saddo samuccayattho, ass±s±div±t±rammaºassa cittassa pabh±van± upp±dan± pavattan± na hoti, te ca tena passambhetabb±ti adhipp±yo. Ass±sapass±s±nañca bh±van±ti o¼±rike ass±sapass±se bh±van±ya paµippassambhetv± sukhum±na½ tesa½ pabh±van± ca na hoti, ubhayesa½ tesa½ tena paµippassambhetabbato. ¾n±p±nassatiy±ti ±n±p±n±rammaº±ya satiy± ca pavattana½ na hoti, ±n±p±n±na½ abh±vato. Tato eva ta½sampayuttassa ±n±p±nassatisam±dhissa ca pabh±van± upp±dan±pi na hoti. Na hi kad±ci ±rammaºena vin± s±rammaºadhamm± sambhavanti. Na ca na½ tanti ettha nanti nip±tamatta½ Ta½ vuttavidh±na½ sam±patti½ paº¹it± paññavanto na ceva sam±pajjantipi tato na vuµµhahantip²ti yojan±. Eva½ codako sabbena sabba½ abh±v³panayana½ passambhananti adhipp±yena codeti.
Puna iti kir±ti-±di yath±vutt±ya codan±ya vissajjan±. Tattha kir±ti “yad²”ti etassa atthe nip±to. Iti kira sikkhati, may± vutt±k±rena yadi sikkhat²ti attho. Eva½ santeti eva½ passambhane sati. Pabh±van± hot²ti yadipi o¼±rik± k±yasaªkh±r± paµippassambhanti, sukhum± pana atthev±ti anukkamena paramasukhumabh±vappattassa vasena nimittuppattiy± ±n±p±nassatiy±, ±n±p±nassatisam±dhissa ca pabh±van± ijjhatev±ti adhipp±yo.