¾n±p±nassatikath±vaººan±

215. Ya½ ta½ eva½ pasa½sitv± ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±na½ niddiµµhanti sambandho. Tattha yasm± “katha½ bh±vito”ti-±dik±ya pucch±p±¼iy± atthe vibh±vite thoman±p±¼iy±pi attho vibh±vitoyeva hoti bhed±bh±vato, tasm± ta½ laªghitv± “katha½ bh±vito c±”ti-±din± ±rabhati. Tattha hi ito pasa½s±bh±vo “ayampi kho”ti vacanañca viseso. Tesu pasa½s±bh±va½ dassetu½ “eva½ pasa½sitv±”ti vutta½. Pasa½s± ca tattha abhirucijananena uss±hanatth±. Tañhi sutv± bhikkh³ “bhagav± ima½ sam±dhi½ anekehi ±k±rehi pasa½sati, santo kir±ya½ sam±dhi paº²to ca asecanako ca sukho ca vih±ro p±padhamme ca µh±naso antaradh±pet²”ti sañj±t±bhirucayo uss±haj±t± sakkacca½ anuyuñjitabba½ paµipajjitabba½ maññanti. “Ayampi kho”ti padassa ye ime may± nibb±namah±sarassa otaraºatitthabh³t± kasiºajjh±na-asubhajjh±n±dayo desit±, na kevala½ te eva, ayampi khoti bhagav± attano paccakkhabh³ta½ sam±dhi½ desan±nubh±vena tesampi bhikkh³na½ ±sanna½, paccakkhañca karonto sampiº¹anavasena evam±h±ti sambandhamukhena attho veditabbo.
So¼asavatthukanti cat³su anupassan±su catunna½ catukk±na½ vasena so¼asaµµh±na½. Sabb±k±raparip³roti kammaµµh±nap±¼iy± padattho piº¹attho upam± codan± parih±ro payojananti evam±d²hi sabbehi ±k±rehi paripuººo. Niddesoti kammaµµh±nassa nissesato vitth±ro.
216. Kathanti ida½ pucchan±k±ravibh±vanapada½. Pucch± cettha kathetukamyat±vasena aññ±sa½ asambhavato. S± ca upari desana½ ±ru¼h±na½ sabbesa½ pak±ravises±na½ ±masanavasen±ti imamattha½ dassento “kathanti…pe… kamyat±pucch±”ti ±ha. Katha½ bahul²katoti etth±pi “±n±p±nassatisam±dh²”ti pada½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Tattha kathanti ±n±p±nassatisam±dhibahul²k±ra½ n±nappak±rato vitth±retukamyat±pucch±. Bahul²kato ±n±p±nassatisam±dh²ti tath±puµµhadhammanidassananti imamattha½ “eseva nayo”ti imin± atidisati. Tath± santabh±v±dayopi tassa yehi bh±van±bahul²k±rehi siddh±, taggahaºeneva gahit± hont²ti dassetu½ “katha½ bahul²kato…pe… v³pasamet²ti etth±pi eseva nayo”ti vutta½.
“Puna ca para½, ud±yi, akkh±t± may± s±vak±na½ paµipad±, yath±paµipann± me s±vak± catt±ro satipaµµh±ne bh±vent²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.247) upp±danava¹¹hanaµµhena bh±van± vuccat²ti tadubhayavasena attha½ dassento “bh±vitoti upp±dito va¹¹hito v±”ti ±ha. Tattha bh±va½ vijjam±nata½ ito gatoti bh±vito, upp±dito paµiladdhamattoti attho. Uppanno pana laddh±sevano, bh±vito paguºabh±va½ ±p±dito, va¹¹hitoti attho ¾n±p±naparigg±hik±y±ti d²gharass±divisesehi saddhi½ ass±sapass±se paricchijjag±hik±ya, te ±rabbha pavatt±ya, satiya½ paccayabh³t±yanti attho. Purimasmiñhi atthe sam±dhissa satiy± sahaj±t±dipaccayabh±vo vutto sampayuttavacanato, dutiyasmi½ pana upanissayabh±vopi. Upac±rajjh±nasahagat± hi sati appan±sam±dhissa upanissayo hot²ti. Bahul²katoti bahula½ pavattito, tena ±vajjan±divas²bh±vappattim±ha. Yo hi vas²bh±va½ ±p±dito, so icchiticchitakkhaºe sam±pajjitabbato punappuna½ pavatt²yati. Tena vutta½ “punappuna½ kato”ti. Yath± “idheva, bhikkhave, samaºo”ti (ma. ni. 1.139; a. ni. 4.241), “vivicceva k±meh²”ti (d². ni. 1.226; sa½. ni. 2.152; a. ni. 4.123) ca evam±d²su paµhamapade vutto eva-saddo dutiy±d²supi vutto eva hoti, evamidh±p²ti ±ha “ubhayattha evasaddena niyamo veditabbo”ti. Ubhayapadaniyamena laddhaguºa½ dassetu½ “ayañh²”ti-±di vutta½.
Asubhakammaµµh±nanti asubh±rammaºajh±nam±ha. Ta½ hi asubhesu yogakammabh±vato, yogino sukhavises±na½ k±raºabh±vato ca “asubhakammaµµh±nan”ti vuccati. “Kevalan”ti imin± ±rammaºa½ nivatteti. Paµivedhavasen±ti jh±napaµivedhavasena. Jh±nañhi bh±van±visesena ijjhanta½ attano visaya½ paµivijjhantameva pavattati, yath±sabh±vato paµivijjh²yati c±ti “paµivedho”ti vuccati. O¼±rik±rammaºatt±ti b²bhacch±rammaºatt±. Paµikk³l±rammaºatt±ti jigucchitabb±rammaºatt±. Pariy±yen±ti k±raºena, lesantarena v±. ¾rammaºasantat±y±ti anukkamena vicetabbata½ patta½ ±rammaºassa paramasukhumata½ sandh±y±ha. Sante hi sannisinne ±rammaºe pavattam±no dhammo sayampi sannisinnova hoti. Ten±ha “santo v³pasanto nibbuto”ti, nibbutasabbapari¼±hoti attho. ¾rammaºasantat±ya tad±rammaºadhamm±na½ santat± lokuttaradhamm±rammaº±hi paccavekkhaº±hi d²petabb±.
N±ssa santapaº²tabh±v±vaha½ kiñci secananti asecanako. Asecanakatt± an±sittako. An±sittakatt± eva abbokiººo asammisso parikamm±din±. Tato eva p±µiyekko visu½yeveko. ¾veºiko as±dh±raºo. Sabbameta½ sarasato eva santabh±va½ dassetu½ vutta½. Parikamma½ v± santabh±vanimitta½, parikammanti ca kasiºakaraº±d²ni nimittupp±dapariyos±na½, t±disa½ idha natth²ti adhipp±yo. Tad± hi kammaµµh±na½ nirass±datt± asantamappaº²ta½ siy±. Upac±rena v± natthi ettha santat±ti yojan±. Yath± upac±rakkhaºe n²varaºavigamena, aªgap±tubh±vena ca paresa½ santat± hoti, na evamimassa. Aya½ pana ±disamann±…pe… paº²to c±ti yojan±. Kec²ti uttaravih±rav±sike sandh±y±ha. An±sittakoti upasecanena na ±sittako. Ten±ha “ojavanto”ti, ojavantasadisoti attho. Madh³roti iµµho, cetasikasukhapaµil±bhasa½vattana½ tikacatukkajjh±navasena, upekkh±ya v± santabh±vena sukhagatikatt± sabbesampi vasena veditabba½. Jh±nasamuµµh±napaº²tar³paphuµµhasar²rat±vasena pana k±yikasukhapaµil±bhasa½vattana½ daµµhabba½, tañca kho jh±nato vuµµhitak±le. Imasmi½ pakkhe “appitappitakkhaºe”ti ida½ hetumhi bhummavacana½ daµµhabba½. Avikkhambhiteti jh±nena sakasant±nato an²haµe appah²ne. Akosallasambh³teti akosalla½ vuccati avijj±, tato sambh³te. Avijj±pubbaªgam± hi sabbe p±padhamm±. Khaºenev±ti attano pavattikkhaºeneva. Antaradh±pet²ti ettha antaradh±pana½ vin±sana½, ta½ pana jh±nakattukassa idh±dhippetatt± pariyuµµh±nappah±na½ hot²ti ±ha “vikkhambhet²”ti. V³pasamet²ti visesena upasameti. Visesena upasamana½ pana sammadeva upasamana½ hot²ti ±ha “suµµhu upasamet²”ti.
Nanu ca aññopi sam±dhi attano pavattikkhaºeneva paµipakkhadhamme antaradh±peti v³pasameti, atha kasm± ayameva sam±dhi eva½ visesetv± vuttoti? Pubbabh±gato paµµh±ya n±n±vitakkav³pasamasabbh±vato. Vuttañheta½– “±n±p±nassati bh±vetabb± vitakkupacched±y±”ti (a. ni. 9.1; ud±. 31). Apica tikkhapaññassa ñ±ºuttarasseta½ kammaµµh±na½, ñ±ºuttarassa ca kilesappah±na½ itarehi s±tisaya½, yath± saddh±dhimuttehi diµµhippattassa. Tasm± ima½ visesa½ sandh±ya “µh±naso antaradh±peti v³pasamet²”ti vutta½. Atha v± nimittap±tubh±ve sati khaºeneva aªgap±tubh±vasabbh±vato ayameva sam±dhi “µh±naso antaradh±peti v³pasamet²”ti vutto. Yath± ta½ mahato ak±lameghassa uµµhitassa dh±r±nip±te khaºeneva pathaviya½ rajojallassa v³pasamo. Ten±ha– “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, mah±-ak±lamegho uµµhito”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 5.985; p±r±. 165). S±sanikassa jh±nabh±van± yebhuyyena nibbedhabh±giy±va hot²ti ±ha “nibbedhabh±giyatt±”ti. Buddh±na½ pana eka½sena nibbedhabh±giy±va hoti. Imameva hi kammaµµh±na½ bh±vetv± sabbepi samm±sambuddh± samm±sambodhi½ adhigacchanti. Ariyamaggassa p±dakabh³to aya½ sam±dhi anukkamena va¹¹hitv± ariyamaggabh±va½ upagato viya hot²ti ±ha “anupubbena ariyamaggavuddhippatto”ti.
Aya½ panattho vir±ganirodhapaµinissagg±nupassan±na½ vasena sammadeva yujjati. Heµµh± papañcavasena vuttamattha½ sukhaggahaºattha½ saªgahetv± dassento “aya½ panettha saªkhepattho”ti ±ha, piº¹atthoti vutta½ hoti.
217. Tamatthanti ta½ “katha½ bh±vito”ti-±din± pucch±vasena saªkhepato vuttamattha½. “Idha tath±gato loke uppajjat²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.190; ma. ni. 1.291; a. ni. 3.61) idha-saddo loka½ up±d±ya vutto, “idheva tiµµham±nass±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.369) ok±sa½, “idh±ha½, bhikkhave, bhutt±v² assa½ pav±rito”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.30) padap³raºamatta½, “idha bhikkhu dhamma½ pariy±puº±t²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 5.73) pana s±sana½, “idha, bhikkhave, bhikkh³”ti idh±pi s±sanamev±ti dassento “bhikkhave, imasmi½ s±sane bhikkh³”ti vatv± tamattha½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassetu½ “ayañh²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sabbappak±ra-±n±p±nassatisam±dhinibbattakass±ti sabbappak±raggahaºa½ so¼asa pak±re sandh±ya. Te hi imasmi½yeva s±sane. B±hirak± hi j±nant± ±dito catuppak±rameva j±nanti. Ten±ha “aññas±sanassa tath±bh±vapaµisedhano”ti, yath±vuttassa puggalassa nissayabh±vapaµisedhanoti attho. Etena “idha bhikkhave”ti ida½ antogadhevasaddanti dasseti. Santi hi ekapad±nipi s±vadh±raº±ni yath± “v±yubhakkho”ti. Tenev±ha “idheva, bhikkhave, samaºo”ti-±di. Paripuººasamaºakaraºadhammo hi so, yo sabbappak±ra-±n±p±nassatisam±dhinibbattako. Parappav±d±ti paresa½ aññatitthiy±na½ n±nappak±r± v±d± titth±yatan±ni.
Araññ±dikasseva bh±van±nur³pasen±sanata½ dassetu½ “imassa h²”ti-±di vutta½. Duddamo damatha½ anupagato goºo k³µagoºo. Yath± thanehi sabbaso kh²ra½ na paggharati, eva½ dohapaµibandhin² k³µadhenu. R³pasadd±dike paµicca uppajjanako ass±do r³p±rammaº±diraso. Pubbe ±ciºº±rammaºanti pabbajjato pubbe, an±dimati v± sa½s±re paricit±rammaºa½.
Nibandheyy±ti bandheyya. Satiy±ti sammadeva kammaµµh±nasallakkhaºasampavatt±ya satiy±. ¾rammaºeti kammaµµh±n±rammaºe. Da¼hanti thira½, yath± satok±rissa upac±rappan±bhedo sam±dhi ijjhati, tath± th±magata½ katv±ti attho.
Vises±dhigamadiµµhadhammasukhavih±rapadaµµh±nanti sabbesa½ buddh±na½, ekacc±na½ paccekabuddh±na½, buddhas±vak±nañca vises±dhigamassa ceva aññakammaµµh±nena adhigatavises±na½ diµµhadhammasukhavih±rassa ca padaµµh±nabh³ta½.
Vatthuvijj±cariyo viya bhagav± yog²na½ anur³paniv±saµµh±nupadisanato.
Bhikkhu d²pisadiso araññe ekiko viharitv± paµipakkhanimmathanena icchitatthas±dhanato. Phalamuttamanti s±maññaphalam±ha. Parakkamajavayoggabh³minti bh±vanuss±hajavassa yoggakaraºabh³mibh³ta½.
218. Eva½ vuttalakkhaºes³ti abhidhammapariy±yena (vibha. 530), suttantapariy±yena ca vuttalakkhaºesu. Rukkhasam²panti “y±vat± majjhanhike k±le samant± ch±y± pharati, niv±te paºº±ni patanti, ett±vat± rukkham³lanti vuccat²”ti eva½ vutta½ rukkhassa sam²paµµh±na½. Avasesasattavidhasen±sananti pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanapattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñjanti eva½ vutta½.