K±yagat±satikath±vaŗŗan±

178. Buddh± uppajjanti etth±ti buddhupp±do, buddh±na½ uppajjanak±lo, tasm±. Ańńatra ta½ µhapetv±, ańńasmi½ k±leti attho. Na pavattapubbanti apavattapubba½. Tato eva sabbatitthiy±na½ avisayabh³ta½. Nanu ca sunettasatth±r±dayo (a. ni. 6.54; 7.66, 73), ańńe ca t±pasaparibb±jak± sar²ra½ “asubhan”ti j±ni½su. Tath± hi sumedhat±pasena sar²ra½ jigucchantena vutta½–
“Yann³nima½ p³tik±ya½, n±n±kuŗapap³rita½;
cha¹¹ayitv±na gaccheyya½, anapekkho anatthiko”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.8)–

¾di. K±ma½ bodhisatt±, ańńe ca t±pas±dayo sar²ra½ “asubhan”ti j±nanti, kammaµµh±nabh±vena pana na j±nanti. Tena vutta½ “ańńatra buddhupp±d±”ti-±di. Sa½veg±ya sa½vattati y±th±vato k±yasabh±vappavedanato. Atth±y±ti diµµhadhammik±di-atth±ya. Yogakkhem±y±ti cat³hi yogehi khemabh±v±ya. Satisampajańń±y±ti sabbattha sati-avippav±s±ya ca sattaµµh±niyasampajańń±ya ca. ѱŗadassanapaµil±bh±y±ti vipassan±ń±ŗ±dhigam±ya. Vijj±vimuttiphalasacchikiriy±y±ti tisso vijj±, cittassa adhimutti nibb±na½, catt±ri s±mańńaphal±n²ti etesa½ paccakkhakaraŗ±ya. Amatassa nibb±nassa adhigamahetut±ya, amatasadis±tappakasukhasahitat±ya ca k±yagat±sati “amatan”ti vutt±. Paribhuńjant²ti jh±nasam±pajjanena va¼ańjanti. Parih²nanti jina½. Viraddhanti anadhigamena virajjhita½. ¾raddhanti s±dhita½ nipph±dita½. Anekehi ±k±rehi tesu tesu suttantesu pasa½sitv± ya½ ta½ k±yagat±satikammaµµh±na½ niddiµµhanti sambandho Kattha pana niddiµµhanti? K±yagat±satisutte (ma. ni. 3.153 ±dayo). Tattha hi “katha½ bh±vit± ca bhikkhave”ti-±din± aya½ desan± ±gat±. Tatr±ya½ saŖkhepattho– bhikkhave, kena pak±rena k±yagat±satibh±van± bh±vit±, kena ca pak±rena punappuna½ kat± ±n±p±najjh±n±d²na½ nipphattiy± mahapphal±, tesa½ tesa½ vijj±bh±giy±na½, abhińń±sacchikaraŗ²y±nańca dhamm±na½, aratiratisahanat±d²nańca sa½siddhiy± mah±nisa½s± ca hot²ti? ¾n±p±napabbanti ±n±p±nakammaµµh±n±vadhi. Esa nayo sesesupi.

Dh±tumanasik±rakammaµµh±nena yadipi upac±rasam±dhi ijjhati, sammasanav±ro pana tattha s±tisayoti dh±tumanasik±rapabbampi “vipassan±vasena vuttan”ti vutta½. “Ayampi kho k±yo eva½dhammo eva½bh±v² eva½anat²to”ti (d². ni. 2.379; ma. ni. 1.112) tattha tattha asubh±niccat±d²hi saddhi½ k±ye ±d²navassa vibh±vanavasena desan±ya ±gatatt± “navasivathika…pe… vutt±n²”ti vutta½. Ettha uddhum±tak±d²s³ti etesu sivathikapabbesu ±gata-uddhum±tak±d²su. ¾n±p±nassativasen±ti ±n±p±nassatibh±van±vasena. Yo upari “kar²sa½ matthaluŖgan”ti matthaluŖgakoµµh±so gayhati, ta½ idha p±¼iya½ (ma. ni. 3.154) aµµhimińjeneva saŖgaŗhitv± desan± ±gat±ti dassento “matthaluŖga½ aµµhimińjena saŖgahetv±”ti ±ha Idh±ti imasmi½ anussatiniddese. K±ya½ gat±, k±ye v± gat± sati k±yagat±sat²ti satis²sena ida½ dvatti½s±k±rakammaµµh±na½ adhippetanti yojan±.
179. Catumah±bh³tikanti catumah±bh³tasannissaya½. P³tik±yanti p³tibh³ta½ paramaduggandhak±ya½. Żh±nagaman±vattha½ sar²ra½ sandh±ya, tassa v± avayavesu sabbaheµµhima½ p±datalanti vutta½ “uddha½ p±datal±”ti. Tiriya½ tacaparicchinnanti ettha nanu kesalomanakh±na½, tacassa ca atacaparicchinnat± atth²ti? Kińc±pi atthi, tacaparicchinnabahulat±ya pana k±yassa tacaparicchinnat± hot²ti eva½ vutta½. Taco pariyanto ass±ti tacapariyantoti etena pana vacanena k±yekadesabh³to taco gahito eva, tappaµibaddh± ca kes±dayo tadanupaviµµham³l± tacapariyant±va hont²ti dvatti½s±k±rasam³ho sabbopi k±yo tacapariyanto vuttoti veditabbo.
Atth²ti vacanavipall±sena vutta½, nip±tapada½ v± eta½. Tasm± t²supi saŖkh±su tadevassa r³pa½. Ten±ha “sa½vijjant²”ti. Akkharacintakehi sar²re k±ya-sadda½ vaŗŗantehipi asucisamud±yabh±veneva icchitabboti dassento “asucisańcayato”ti vatv± puna na½ niruttinayena dassetu½ “kucchit±nan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ±yabh³tatoti uppattiµµh±nabh³tatt±. “P³ra½ n±nappak±rass±”ti vutta½. “Ke pana te pak±r±? Yehi n±nappak±ra½ asuci vuttan”ti te kes±dike dassetu½ p±¼iya½ “kes± lom±”ti-±di vuttanti imamattha½ d²pento ±ha “ete kes±dayo dvatti½s±k±r±”ti. ¾k±r± pak±r±ti hi eko atthoti. Eva½ sambandhoti “atthi imasmi½ k±ye nakh±”ti-±din± sabbakoµµh±sesu “atthi imasmi½ k±ye”ti padattayena sambandho veditabbo.
Paritoti tiriya½, samantato v± p±datalakesam³lesu ca tacassa labbhanato. Sucibh±vanti sucino sabbh±va½, sucimeva v±.
180. Yena vidhin± uggahe kusalo hoti, so sattavidho vidhi “uggahakosallan”ti vuccati, tannibbatta½ v± ń±ŗa½. Manasik±rakosallepi eseva nayo.
Sajjh±yant± v±ti sajjh±ya½ karont± eva. Tesa½ kira catt±ro m±se sajjh±yant±na½ sajjh±yamaggeneva koµµh±se upadh±rent±na½ paµip±µiy± dvatti½s±k±r± vibh³tatar± hutv± kh±yi½su, paµikk³lasańń± saŗµh±si, te tasmi½ nimitte jh±na½ appetv± jh±nap±daka½ vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± dassanamagga½ paµivijjhi½su. Tena vutta½ “sajjh±yant± va sot±pann± ahesun”ti.
Paricchinditv±ti tacapańcak±divaseneva pariccheda½ katv±. Pathav²dh±tubahulabh±vato matthaluŖgassa kar²s±vas±ne tanti-±ropanam±ha. Ettha ca ma½sa½, nh±ru, aµµhi, aµµhimińja½ vakka½, vakka½ aµµhimińja½, aµµhi, nh±ru, ma½sa½, taco, dant±, nakh±, lom±, kes±ti eva½ vakkapańcak±d²su anulomasajjh±ya½ vatv± paµilomasajjh±yo purimehi sambandho vutto. Sv±ya½ sammohavinodaniya½ (vibha. aµµha. 356) visu½ tipańc±ha½, purimehi ekato tipańc±hanti chapańc±ha½ sajjh±yo vutto, tattha ±di-antadassanavasena vuttoti daµµhabbo. Anulomapaµilomasajjh±yepi hi paµilomasajjh±yo antimo hoti, sajjh±yappak±rantara½ v± etamp²ti veditabba½.
HatthasaŖkhalik±ti aŖgulipantim±ha.
Manas± sajjh±yoti cittena cintanam±ha, ya½ m±nasa½ “jappanan”ti vuccati, sammadeva ajjh±yoti v± sajjh±yo, cintananti attho. Ciratara½ suµµhu pavattanena paguŗabh³t± kammaµµh±natanti sam±vajjitv± manasi karontassa ±dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n± katthaci asajjam±n± nirantarameva upaµµh±ti, tadanus±rena tadatthopi vibh³tataro hutv± kh±yat²ti ±ha “vacas± sajjh±yo hi…pe… paµivedhassa paccayo hot²”ti. Lakkhaŗapaµivedhass±ti asubhalakkhaŗapaµivedhassa.
Paµikk³lasabh±vasallakkhaŗassa kassaci vaŗŗaggahaŗamukhena koµµh±s± vavatth±na½ gacchanti, kassaci saŗµh±naggahaŗamukhena, kassaci dis±vibh±gaggahaŗamukhena, kassaci patiµµhitok±saggahaŗamukhena, kassaci sabbaso paricchijjaggahaŗamukhen±ti vaŗŗ±dito sallakkhaŗa½ uggahakosall±vaha½ vuttanti ta½ dassento “kes±d²na½ vaŗŗo vavatthapetabbo”ti-±dim±ha.
Attano bh±go sabh±go, sabh±gena paricchedo sabh±gaparicchedo, heµµhuparitiriyapariyantehi, sakoµµh±sikakesantar±d²hi ca paricchedoti attho. Amissakat±vasen±ti koµµh±santarehi avomissakat±vasena. Asabh±go hi idha “visabh±go”ti adhippeto, na viruddhasabh±go. Sv±yamattho kes±disaddato eva labbhati. Saddantaratth±pohanavasena saddo attha½ vadat²ti “kes±”ti vutte “akes± na hont²”ti ayamattho vińń±yati. Ke pana te akes±? Lom±dayo, na ca ghaµ±d²su pasaŖgopakaraŗeneva tesa½ nivattitatt±.
Paµikk³lavaseneva kathita½ dh±tuvibh±gassa s±mańńatopi agahitatt±. Tattheva visu½ dh±tukammaµµh±nassa kathitatt± ca dh±tuvibhaŖgo pakkus±tisutta½ (ma. ni. 3.342) vibhaŖgappakaraŗe dh±tuvibhaŖgap±¼i (vibha. 172 ±dayo) ca. Yassa vaŗŗato upaµµh±ti kes±di, ta½ puggala½ sandh±ya jh±n±ni kes±d²su vaŗŗakasiŗ±rammaŗ±ni vibhatt±ni. Ńatv± ±cikkhitabbanti yadattha½ vutta½, ta½ dassetu½ “tattha dh±tuvasen±”ti-±di vutta½. Idh±ti imasmi½ paµikk³lamanasik±rapabbe. K±yagat±satisutte (ma. ni. 3.153 ±dayo) hi paµikk³lamanasik±rapabba½ gahetv± idha k±yagat±satibh±van± niddis²yati.
181. Na ekantarik±y±ti ekantarik±yapi na manasi k±tabba½, pageva dvantarik±din±ti adhipp±yo. Na bh±vana½ samp±deti, lakkhaŗapaµivedha½ na p±puŗ±ti ekantarik±ya manasi karontoti sambandho.
Okkamanavissajjananti paµipajjitabbavissajjetabbe magge. Pucchitv±va gantabba½ hoti gahetabbavissajjetabbaµµh±nassa asallakkhaŗato. Kammaµµh±na½ pariyos±na½ p±puŗ±t²ti ±dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n± manasik±ramatta½ hot²ti adhipp±yo. Avibh³ta½ pana hoti paµikk³l±k±rassa suµµhu asallakkhaŗato. Tato eva na visesa½ ±vahati.
Kammaµµh±na½ pariyos±na½ na gacchat²ti paµip±µiy± sabbakoµµh±se manasi karotoyeva vibh³t± hutv± upaµµhahanti. Te s±tisaya½ p±µikk³lato manasi karontassa kammaµµh±na½ pariyos±na½ gaccheyya, imassa pana ativiya dandha½ manasi karoto vibh³tato upaµµh±nameva natthi, kuto paµikk³lat±ya saŗµh±na½. Ten±ha “vises±dhigamassa paccayo na hot²”ti.
Bahiddh± puthutt±rammaŗeti “asuci paµikk³lan”ti kes±d²su pavattetabba½ asubh±nupassana½ hitv± subh±divasena gayham±n± kes±dayopi idha “bahiddh± puthutt±rammaŗamev±”ti veditabb±. R³p±dayo hi n²l±divasena puthusabh±vat±ya puthutt±rammaŗa½ n±ma, n±n±rammaŗanti attho. Asam±dh±na½ cetaso vir³po khepoti vikkhepo. So sati½ s³paµµhita½ katv± sakkacca½ kammaµµh±na½ manasi karontena paµib±hitabbo. Parih±yat²ti h±yati. Paridha½sat²ti vinassati.
aya½ kes± lom±ti-±dik± lokasaŖket±nugat±. Paŗŗatt²ti aµµha dhamme up±d±ya paŗŗatti. Ta½ kes±dipaŗŗatti½. Atikkamitv±ti paµikk³labh±van±ya atikkamitv± uggh±µetv±. Tass± uggh±µitatt± tasmi½ tasmi½ koµµh±se paµikk³lato upaµµhahante “paµikk³lan”ti citta½ µhapetabba½. Id±ni tamattha½ upam±ya vibh±vento “yath± h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tatrida½ upam±sa½sandana½– manuss± viya yog±vacaro. Udap±na½ viya koµµh±s±. T±lapaŗŗ±disańń±ŗa½ viya kes±dipańńatti. Tena manuss±na½ udap±ne nh±napivan±di viya yog±vacarassa pubbabh±ge kes± lom±ti paŗŗattivasena manasik±ro. Abhiŗhasańc±rena manuss±na½ sańń±ŗena vin± udap±ne kiccakaraŗa½ viya yog±vacarassa manasik±rabalena paŗŗatti½ atikkamitv± paµikk³labh±veyeva citta½ µhapetv± bh±van±nuyogo. Pubbabh±ge…pe… p±kaµo hot²ti “kes± lom±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.154) bh±vanamanuyuńjantassa kes±dipańńattiy± saddhi½yeva koµµh±s±na½ paµikk³labh±vo pubbabh±ge p±kaµo hoti. Ath±ti pacch± bh±van±ya v²thipaµipannak±le. Paµikk³labh±veyeva citta½ µhapetabbanti koµµh±s±na½ paµikk³l±k±reyeva bh±van±citta½ pavattetabba½.
Anupubbena muńcana½ anupubbamuńcana½, anupaµµhahantassa anupaµµhahantassa muńcananti attho. Katha½ pana anupaµµh±na½ hot²ti ±ha “±dikammikass±”ti-±di. Pariyos±nakoµµh±sameva ±hacca tiµµhat²ti ida½ kammaµµh±na½ tanti-anus±rena ±dito kammaµµh±namanasik±ro pavattat²ti katv± vutta½. Tath± hissa manas± sajjh±yo viya manasik±ro te te koµµh±se ±maµµhamatte katv± gacchati, na lakkhaŗasallakkhaŗavasena. Yad± pana ne lakkhaŗasallakkhaŗavasena suµµhu upadh±rento manasi karoti, tad± keci upaµµhahanti, keci na upaµµhahanti. Tattha paµipajjanavidhi½ dassento “athass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha kammanti manasik±rakamma½ t±va k±tabba½. K²va ciranti? Y±va dv²su upaµµhitesu, tesampi dvinna½ eko suµµhutara½ upaµµhahati t±va.
Ukkuµµhukkuµµhiµµh±neyeva uµµhahitv±ti pubbe viya ekatthakat±ya ukkuµµhiy± kamena sabbat±lesu patitv± uµµhahitv± uµµhahitv± pariyantat±la½ ±dit±lańca ±gantv± tato tato tattha tattheva kat±ya ukkuµµhiy± uµµhahitv±ti attho.
Dve bhikkh±ti dv²su gehesu laddhabhikkh±.
Appan±toti appan±k±rato dvatti½s±k±re appan± honti. Ki½ pacceka½ koµµh±sesu hoti ud±hu ańńath±ti vic±raŗ±ya½ ±ha “appan±koµµh±sato”ti, koµµh±sato koµµh±satoti attho. Ten±ha “kes±d²s³”ti-±di.
Adhicittanti samathavipassan±citta½.
Anuyutten±ti yuttappayuttena, bh±venten±ti attho. K±lenak±lanti k±le k±le. Sam±dhinimitta½ upalakkhitasam±dh±n±k±ro sam±dhi eva. Manasi k±tabbanti citte k±tabba½, upp±detabbanti attho. Sam±dhik±raŗa½ v± ±rammaŗa½ sam±dhinimitta½, ta½ ±vajjitabbanti attho. Paggahanimitta-upekkh±nimittesupi eseva nayo. Żh±na½ atth²ti vacanaseso. Ta½ bh±van± citta½ kosajj±ya sa½vatteyya, etassa sa½vattanassa µh±na½ k±raŗa½ atth²ti attho. Ta½ v± manasikaraŗacitta½ kosajj±ya sa½vatteyya, etassa µh±na½ k±raŗa½ atth²ti attho. Mudunti subh±vitabh±vena mudubh³ta½, vas²bh±vappattanti attho. Mudutt± eva kammańńa½ kammakkhama½ kammayogga½. Pabhassaranti upakkilesavigamena parisuddha½, pariyod±tanti attho. Na ca pabhaŖg³ti kammaniyabh±v³pagamanena na ca pabhijjanasabh±va½ suddhanta½ viya suvaŗŗa½ viniyogakkhama½. Ten±ha “samm± sam±dhiyati ±sav±na½ khay±y±”ti.
Ukka½ bandhat²ti m³sa½ samp±deti. ¾limpet²ti ±d²peti j±leti. Tańc±ti ta½ pi¼andhanavikatisaŖkh±ta½ attha½ payojana½ assa suvaŗŗak±rassa anubhoti pahoti s±dheti. Assa v± suvaŗŗassa attha½ suvaŗŗak±ro anubhoti p±puŗ±ti.
Abhińń±ya iddhividh±diń±ŗena sacchikaraŗ²yassa iddhividhapaccanubhavan±dikassa abhińń± sacchikaraŗ²yassa Yassa paccakkha½ atthi, so sakkhi. Sakkhino bhabbat± sakkhibhabbat±, sakkhibhavananti vutta½ hoti. Sakkhi ca so bhabbo c±ti v± sakkhibhabbo. Ayańhi iddhividh±d²na½ bhabbo, tattha ca sakkh²ti sakkhibhabbo, tassa bh±vo sakkhibhabbat±, ta½ p±puŗ±ti. Sati sati ±yataneti tasmi½ tasmi½ pubbahetu-±dike k±raŗe sati.
S²tibh±vanti nibb±na½, kilesadarathav³pasama½ v±. Niggaŗh±t²ti uddhaµa½ citta½ uddhaccap±tato rakkhaŗavasena niggaŗh±ti. Paggaŗh±t²ti l²na½ citta½ kosajjap±tato rakkhaŗavasena paggaŗh±ti. Sampaha½set²ti samappavatta½ citta½ tath±pavattiya½ pańń±ya toseti, uttejeti v±. Yad± v± nirass±da½ citta½ bh±van±ya na pakkhandati, tad± j±ti-±d²ni sa½vegavatth³ni (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.418; itivu. aµµha. 37) paccavekkhitv± sampaha½seti samuttejeti. Ajjhupekkhat²ti yad± pana citta½ al²na½ anuddhata½ sammadeva bh±van±v²thi½ otiŗŗa½ hoti, tad± paggahaniggahasampaha½sanesu kańci by±p±ra½ akatv± samappavattesu yugesu s±rathi viya ajjhupekkhati upekkhakova hoti. Paŗ²t±dhimuttikoti paŗ²te uttame maggaphale adhimutto ninnapoŗapabbh±ro.
Suggahita½ katv±ti yath±vutta½ uggahakosallasaŖkh±ta½ vidhi½ suµµhu uggahita½ pariy±puŗan±din± supariggahita½ katv±. Suµµhu vavatthapetv±ti manasik±rakosallasaŖkh±ta½ vidhi½ sammadeva sallakkhaŗavasena upadh±retv±. Visesanti pubben±para½ bh±van±ya visesa½. Punappuna½ parivattetv±ti kammaµµh±natanti½ paguŗabh±va½ p±pento bhiyyo bhiyyo v±c±ya, manas± ca parivattetv±. Gaŗµhiµµh±nanti yath± rukkhassa dubbinibhedo arańńassa v± gahanabh³to padeso “gaŗµhiµµh±nan”ti vuccati, eva½ kammaµµh±natantiy± atthato dubbinibhedo gahanabh³to ca padeso “gaŗµhiµµh±nan”ti vuccati. Ta½ paripucchan±diladdhena ń±ŗapharasun± chinditv±.
Nimittanti kammaµµh±nanimitta½, asubh±k±ro. Edisena payojanena luńcanampi anavajjanti dassetu½ “luńcitv±”ti vutta½. Chinnaµµh±neti muŗ¹itaµµh±ne. Vaµµatiyeva nissaraŗajjh±sayena olokanato. Ussadavasen±ti aphalit±na½, phalit±na½ v± bahulat±vasena. Disv±va nimitta½ gahetabba½ dassanayogyat±ya tacapańcakassa, itaresu sutv± ca ńatv± ca nimitta½ gahetabba½.