3. SaŖgh±nussatikath±vaŗŗan±

154. AriyasaŖghaguŗ±ti ±rakatt± kilesehi, anaye na iriyanato, aye ca iriyanato, sadevakena ca lokena “saraŗan”ti araŗ²yato ariyo ca so saŖgho ca, ariy±na½ v± saŖgho ariyasaŖgho, tassa guŗ±.
155. Ya½ samm±paµipada½ paµipanno “suµµhu paµipanno”ti vuccati. S± ariyamaggapaµipad± paµipakkhadhamme anivattidhamme katv± pajahanato payojan±bh±v± sayampi anivattidhamm±, adhigantabbassa ca nibb±nassa eka½sato anulom²ti. Tato eva apaccan²k±, anudhammabh³t± ca, tass± ca paµipannatt± ariyasaŖgho “suppaµipanno”ti vuttoti dassetu½ “suµµhu paµipanno”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha “anivattipaµipadan”ti imin± ujuppaµipatti½ dasseti. Punappuna½ nivattane hi sati ujuppaµipatti na hoti. “Anulomapaµipada½ apaccan²kapaµipadan”ti imin± ń±yappaµipatti½. Paµipajjitabbassa hi nibb±nassa anulomanena, apaccan²kat±ya cass± ń±yato. “Dhamm±nudhammapaµipadan”ti imin± s±m²cippaµipatti½ anucchavikabh±vad²panato. Etena paµhamapadassa papańcaniddeso, itar±ni t²ŗi pad±n²ti dasseti. Ten±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di.
Yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjanena kiccasiddhito ariyabh±v±vaha½ savana½ sakkaccasavana½ n±m±ti vutta½ “sakkacca½ suŗant²ti s±vak±”ti, tena ariy± eva nippariy±yato satthu s±vak± n±m±ti dasseti. S²ladiµµhis±mańńat±y±ti ariyena s²lena, ariy±ya ca diµµhiy± sam±nabh±vena. Ariy±nańhi s²ladiµµhiyo majjhe bhinnasuvaŗŗa½ viya ninn±n±karaŗa½ maggen±gatatt±. Tena te yattha katthaci µhit±pi sa½hat±va. Ten±ha “saŖgh±tabh±vam±panno”ti. M±y±s±µheyy±dip±padhammasamucchedena uju. Tato eva gomuttavaŖk±bh±vena avaŖk±. Candalekh±vaŖk±bh±vena akuµil±. NaŖgalakoµivaŖk±bh±vena ajimh±. AvaŖk±dibh±vena v± uju. Parisuddhaµµhena ariy±. Apaŗŗakabh±vena ń±yati kamati nibb±na½, ta½ v± ń±yati paµivijjh²yati eten±ti ń±yo. Vaµµadukkhaniyy±n±ya anucchavikatt±. Anur³patt± s±m²ci op±yik±tipi saŖkha½ samańńa½ gat± samm±paµipatti, t±ya samaŖgit±ya suppaµipann± “samm± paµipajjant²”ti katv±. Vattam±nattho hi aya½ paµipanna-saddo yath± “sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno”ti (pu. pa. 206). At²ta½ paµipadanti yath±vuttamaggasamm±paµipatti½ vadati. Ubhayena ca s±mańńaniddesena, “suppaµipann± ca suppaµipann± ca suppaµipann±”ti ekasesanayena v± gahit±na½ sam³ho “suppaµipanno”ti vuttoti dasseti.
Eva½ ±dipadatthaniddesabh±vena itarapad±na½ attha½ vatv± id±ni catunnampi pad±na½ avomissaka½ attha½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yath±nusiµµhanti satth±r± yath± anusiµµha½, tath± anus±san²-anur³panti attho. Apaŗŗakapaµipadanti avirajjhanakapaµipada½, anavajjapaµipattinti attho. Ettha ca sv±kkh±te dhammavinaye apaŗŗakapaµipada½ paµipannatt±ti eva½ sambandhitabba½. Purimapadena sambandhe dutiyapada½ na vattabba½ siy±, nanu ca dutiyapadena sambandhepi paµhama½ pada½ na vattabba½ siy±ti? Na tassa paµhama½ apekkhitatt±. S± pana s±vak±na½ apaŗŗakapaµipad± yath±nusiµµha½ paµipad±ti dassanattha½ “yath±nusiµµha½ paµipannatt±”ti vattabba½ Ubhayass±pi v± suppaµipannabh±vas±dhanatt± ubhaya½ vutta½. Tath± hi pi-saddena ubhaya½ samuccinoti.
Kilesajimhavasena antadvayag±hoti sabbaso ta½ pah±ya samm±paµipad± k±y±divaŖkappah±yin² ujuppaµipatti hot²ti ±ha “majjhim±ya paµipad±ya…pe… ujuppaµipanno”ti.
ѱyo n±ma yuttappattapaµipatti, nibb±nańca, sabbasaŖkh±rasamathat±ya ±ditta½ cela½, s²sa½ v± ajjhupekkhitv±pi paµipajjitabbamev±ti ±ha “ń±yo vuccati nibb±nan”ti. Nibb±yanakiriy±mukhena cettha nibb±na½ vuttanti daµµhabba½ maggań±ŗ±d²hi v± ń±yati paµivijjh²yati sacchikar²yati c±ti ń±yo nibb±nanti evamettha attho daµµhabbo.
Guŗasambh±van±ya parehi kayiram±na½ paccupaµµh±n±dis±m²cikamma½ arahant²ti s±m²cikamm±rah±.
156. Yadidanti antogadhaliŖgavacanabhedo nip±toti tassa vacanabhedena attham±ha “y± im±n²”ti. Evanti pak±ratthe nip±to, imin± pak±ren±ti attho. Tena itar±ni t²ŗi yuga¼±ni dassit±ni hont²ti ±ha “eva½ catt±ri purisayuga¼±ni hont²”ti. Etanti eta½ “purisapuggal±”ti bahuvacanavasena vutta½ pada½. Puris± ca te puggal± ca purisapuggal±. Tattha “puris±”ti imin± paµham±ya pakatiy± gahaŗa½, “puggal±”ti pana dutiy±yapi sattas±mańńen±ti eva½ v± ettha attho daµµhabbo. Catunna½ paccay±na½ k²dis±na½? ¾netv± hunitabb±nanti adhik±rato p±kaµoyamattho. D±tabbanti v± paccattavacana½ “catunna½ paccay±nan”ti pada½ apekkhitv± s±mivasena pariŗ±metabba½, ańńath± yesa½ kesańci catunna½ paccay±na½ “±hunan”ti samańń± siy±. ¾huna½ arahat²ti v± ±huneyyo. Sakk±d²nampi v± ±havananti sakk±d²hipi diyyam±na½ d±na½. Yattha huta½ mahapphalanti yasmi½ ±vahan²yaggimhi huta½ dadhi-±di ±huneyyaggigahapataggidakkhiŗeyyagg²su hutato u¼±raphalanti tesa½ br±hmaŗ±na½ laddhi. Hutanti dinna½. Nik±yantareti sabbatthikav±dinik±ye.
Żhapetv± 165 teti te piyaman±pe ń±timitte apanetv±, tesa½ adatv±ti adhipp±yo. Esa eso. Ekabuddhantare ca dissat²ti ekasmi½ buddhantare v²tivatte dissati. Ca-saddena kad±ci asaŖkhyeyyepi kappe v²tivatteti dasseti. Abbokiŗŗanti paµipakkhehi avomissa½, kiriy±visesakańceta½. Piyaman±pattakaradhamm± n±ma s²l±dayo, te ariyasaŖghe suppatiµµhit±. Aya½ hettha adhipp±yo– ń±timitt± vippayutt± na cirasseva sam±gacchanti, anavaµµhit± ca tesu piyaman±pat±, na evamariyasaŖgho. Tasm± saŖghova p±huneyyoti. Pubbak±ranti aggakiriya½. Sabbappak±ren±ti ±darag±ravabahum±n±din±, deyyadhammassa sakkaccakaraŗ±din± ca sabbena pak±rena. Sv±ya½ p±havan²ya-saddo “p±huneyyo”ti vuccati pariy±yabh±vena.
Dakkhanti et±ya satt± yath±dhippet±hi sampatt²hi va¹¹hant²ti dakkhiŗ±. Tath±bh±vakaraŗena dakkhiŗa½ arahati. Yath± u¼±r±tivipuludrayal±bhena visodhita½ n±ma hoti, eva½ dakkhiŗ± vipulaphalat±y±ti vutta½ “mahapphalakaraŗat±ya visodhet²”ti.
Puńńatthikehi ańjali karaŗ²y± etth±ti ańjalikaraŗ²yo.
Yadipi p±¼iya½ “anuttaran”ti vutta½. Natthi ito uttara½ visiµµhanti hi anuttara½. Samampissa pana natth²ti dassento “asadisan”ti ±ha. Khitta½ vutta½ b²ja½ mahapphalabh±vakaraŗena t±yati rakkhati, khipanti vapanti ettha b²j±n²ti v± khetta½, ked±r±di, khetta½ viya khetta½, puńń±na½ khetta½ puńńakkhetta½. Sesa½ buddh±nussatiya½ vuttanay±nus±rena veditabba½.