P±timokkhasa½varas²lavaººan±

14. Tatr±ti tesu p±timokkhasa½var±d²su. ¾dito paµµh±y±ti “idha bhikkh³”ti-±din± (vibha. 508; d². ni. 1.194) ±gatadesan±ya ±dito pabhuti. Vinicchayakath±ti tattha sa½sayavidhamanena vinicchay±vah± kath±. Paµhamassa atthassa sabbas±dh±raºatt± as±dh±raºa½ pabbajit±veºika½ pariy±ya½ dassento “chinnabhinnapaµadhar±dit±ya v±”ti ±ha. Eva½ hissa paripuººap±timokkhasa½varayogyat± dassit± hoti. Bhinnapaµadhar±dibh±vo ca n±ma daliddass±pi niggahitassa hot²ti tato visesetu½ “saddh±pabbajito”ti vatv± paµipattiy± yogyabh±vadassanattha½ “kulaputto”ti vutta½. ¾c±rakulaputto v± hi paµipajjitu½ sakkoti j±tikulaputto v±. Sikkh±padas²lanti c±rittav±rittappabheda½ sikkh±padavasena paññatta½ s²la½. Yoti aniyamaniddeso yo koci puggalo. Nanti vinayapariy±panna½ s²la½. Tanti puggala½. Mokkheti sahak±rik±raºabh±vato. Ap±ye bhav±ni ±p±yik±ni. ¾di-saddena tadañña½ sabbasa½s±radukkha½ saªgaºh±ti. Sa½varaºa½ k±yavac²dv±r±na½ pidahana½. Yena te sa½vut± pihit± honti, so sa½varo. Yasm± pana so sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±na½ av²tikkamo v²tikkamapaµipakkhoti katv±, tasm± vutta½ “k±yikav±casikassa av²tikkamasseta½ n±man”ti. P±timokkhasa½varena sa½vutoti p±timokkhasa½varena pihitak±yavac²dv±ro. Tath±bh³to ca yasm± ta½ upeto tena ca samaªg² n±ma hoti, tasm± vutta½ “upagato samann±gatoti attho”ti.
Aparo nayo– kiles±na½ balavabh±vato, p±pakiriy±ya sukarabh±vato, puññakiriy±ya ca dukkarabh±vato bahukkhattu½ ap±yesu patanas²loti p±t², puthujjano. Aniccat±ya v± bhav±d²su kammavegakkhitto ghaµiyanta½ viya anavaµµh±nena paribbhamanato gamanas²loti p±t², maraºavasena v± tamhi tamhi sattanik±ye attabh±vassa p±tanas²loti p±t², sattasant±no, cittameva v±. Ta½ p±tina½ sa½s±radukkhato mokkhet²ti p±timokkha½. Cittassa hi vimokkhena satto “vimutto”ti vuccati. Vutta½ hi “cittavod±n± visujjhant²”ti, “anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan”ti (mah±va. 28) ca. Atha v± avijj±din± hetun± sa½s±re patati gacchati pavattat²ti p±t², “avijj±n²varaº±na½ satt±na½ taºh±sa½yojan±na½ sandh±vata½ sa½saratan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.124) hi vutta½. Tassa p±tino sattassa taºh±disa½kilesattayato mokkho eten±ti p±timokkha½ “Kaºµhek±¼o”ti-±d²na½ viyassa sam±sasiddhi veditabb±. Atha v± p±teti vinip±teti dukkheti p±ti, citta½. Vutta½ hi “cittena n²yati loko, cittena parikassat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.62). Tassa p±tino mokkho eten±ti p±timokkha½, patati v± etena ap±yadukkhe, sa½s±radukkhe c±ti p±t², taºh±disa½kileso. Vutta½ hi “taºh± janeti purisa½ (sa½. ni. 1.55-57), taºh±dutiyo puriso”ti (itivu. 15, 105; a. ni. 4.9; mah±ni. 191; c³¼ani. p±r±yan±nug²tig±th±niddesa) ca ±di. Tato p±tito mokkhoti p±timokkha½. Atha v± patati etth±ti p±t²ni, cha ajjhattikab±hir±ni ±yatan±ni. Vutta½ hi “chasu loko samuppanno, chasu kubbati santhavan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.70; su. ni. 171). Tato cha-ajjhattikab±hir±yatanasaªkh±tato p±tito mokkhoti p±timokkha½. Atha v± p±to vinip±to assa atth²ti p±t², sa½s±ro. Tato mokkhoti p±timokkha½, atha v± sabbalok±dhipatibh±vato dhammissaro bhagav± “pat²”ti vuccati. Muccati eten±ti mokkho, patino mokkho tena paññattatt±ti patimokkho, patimokkho eva p±timokkha½. Sabbaguº±na½ v± m³labh±vato uttamaµµhena pati ca so yath±vuttenatthena mokkho c±ti patimokkho, patimokkho eva p±timokkha½. Tath± hi vutta½ “p±timokkhanti mukhameta½ pamukhametan”ti (mah±va. 135) vitth±ro.
Atha v± pa-iti pak±re, at²-ti accantatthe nip±to, tasm± pak±rehi accanta½ mokkhet²ti p±timokkha½. Ida½ hi s²la½ saya½ tadaªgavasena, sam±dhisahita½ paññ±sahitañca vikkhambhanavasena, samucchedavasena ca accanta½ mokkheti mocet²ti p±timokkha½, pati pati mokkhoti v± patimokkho, tamh± tamh± v²tikkamadosato pacceka½ mokkhoti attho, patimokkho eva p±timokkha½. Mokkhoti v± nibb±na½, tassa mokkhassa paµibimbabh³toti patimokkho. S²lasa½varo hi s³riyassa aruºuggamana½ viya nibb±nassa udayabh³to tappaµibh±go viya yath±raha½ kilesanibb±panato, patimokkhoyeva p±timokkha½. Atha v± mokkha½ pati vattati, mokkh±bhimukhanti v± patimokkha½, patimokkhameva p±timokkhanti evamettha p±timokkha-saddassa attho veditabbo. Iriyat²ti attabh±va½ pavatteti. “Viharat²”ti imin± p±timokkhasa½varas²le µhitassa bhikkhuno iriy±pathavih±ro dassito. P±¼iyanti jh±navibhaªgap±¼iya½ (vibha. 508 ±dayo).
Tattha k±ma½ samaºac±ra½, samaºagocarañca dassetu½ “±c±ragocarasampanno”ti vutta½, yath± pana magga½ ±cikkhanto “v±ma½ muñca, dakkhiºa½ gaºh±”ti vajjetabbapubbaka½ gahetabba½ vadeyya, yath± v± sas²sanh±nena pah²nasedamalajallikassa m±l±gandhavilepan±divibh³sanasa½vidh±na½ yuttar³pa½, eva½ pah²nap±padhammassa kaly±ºadhammasam±yogo yuttar³poti “atthi ±c±ro, atthi an±c±ro”ti dvaya½ uddisitv± an±c±ra½ t±va vibhajitu½ “tattha katamo an±c±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha k±yiko v²tikkamoti tividha½ k±yaduccarita½. V±casiko v²tikkamoti catubbidha½ vac²duccarita½. K±yikav±casikoti tadubhaya½.
Eva½ ±j²vaµµhamakas²lassa v²tikkamo dassito. Id±ni m±nasa½ an±c±ra½ dassetu½ “sabbampi duss²lya½ an±c±ro”ti vatv± tattha ekacciya½ dassento “idhekacco ve¼ud±nena v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ve¼ud±nen±ti paccayupp±danatthena ve¼ud±nena. Pattad±n±d²supi eseva nayo. Ve¼³ti manuss±na½ payojan±vaho yo koci ve¼udaº¹o. Patta½ gandhik±d²na½ gandhapaliveµhan±di-attha½ v±, t±lan±¼iker±dipatta½ v±. Puppha½ ya½ kiñci manuss±na½ payojan±vaha½. Tath± phala½. Sin±na½ sir²sacuºº±dinh±niyacuººa½. Mattik±pi ettheva saªgaha½ gacchati. Dantakaµµha½ ya½ kiñci mukhasodhanattha½ dantapona½. C±µukamyat± att±na½ d±sa½ viya n²caµµh±ne µhapetv± parassa khalitavacana½ saºµhapetv± piyak±mat±ya paggayhavacana½. Muggas³pyat±ti muggas³pasamat± sacc±likena j²vitakappana½. Yath± hi muggas³pe paccante bah³ mugg± paccanti, katipay± na paccanti, eva½ sacc±likena j²vitakappane bahu alika½ hoti, appaka½ saccanti. Paribhaµat²ti paribhaµo, paresa½ d±rake pariharanto. Paribhaµassa kamma½ p±ribhaµya½, s± eva p±ribhaµyat±, alaªkaraº±din± kulad±rakapariharaºasseta½ n±ma½. Tesa½ tesa½ gih²na½ g±mantaradesantar±d²su s±sanapaµis±sanaharaºa½ jaªghapesanika½. Aññataraññataren±ti etesa½ v± ve¼ud±n±d²na½ vejjakammabhaº¹±g±rikakammapiº¹apaµipiº¹akammasaªghupp±dacetiyupp±dapaµµhapan±d²na½ v± micch±j²vena j²vitakappanakakamm±na½ yena kenaci Buddhapaµikuµµhen±ti buddhehi garahitena paµisiddhena. Micch±j²ven±ti na samm±-±j²vena. Aya½ vuccati an±c±roti aya½ sabbopi “an±c±ro”ti kath²yati. ¾c±raniddeso vuttapaµipakkhanayeneva veditabbo.
Gocaraniddesepi paµhama½ agocarassa vacane k±raºa½ heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Gocaroti piº¹ap±t±d²na½ atth±ya upasaªkamitu½ yuttaµµh±na½. Ayuttaµµh±na½ agocaro. Vesiy± gocaro ass±ti vesiy±gocaro, mittasanthavavasena upasaªkamitabbaµµh±nanti attho. Vesiy± n±ma r³p³paj²viniyo, t± mittasanthavavasena na upasaªkamitabb±, samaºabh±vassa antar±yakaratt±, parisuddh±sayass±pi garahahetuto, tasm± dakkhiº±d±navasena sati½ upaµµhapetv±va upasaªkamitabb±. Vidhav± vuccanti matapatik±, pavutthapatik± v±. Thullakum±rik±ti mahallik± aniviµµhakum±riyo, paº¹ak±ti napu½sak±. Te hi ussannakiles± av³pasantapari¼±h± lok±misasannissitakath±bahul±, tasm± na upasaªkamitabb±. Bhikkhuniyo n±ma ussannabrahmacariy±. Tath± bhikkh³pi. Tesa½ aññamañña½ visabh±gavatthubh±vato santhavavasena upasaªkamane katip±heneva brahmacariyantar±yo siy±, tasm± na upasaªkamitabb±. Gil±napucchan±divasena upasaªkamane satok±rin± bhavitabba½. P±n±g±ranti sur±p±naghara½. Ta½ soº¹ajanehi avivitta½ hoti. Tattha tehi soº¹at±divasena na upasaªkamitabba½ brahmacariyantar±yakaratt±. Sa½saµµho viharati r±j³h²ti-±d²su r±j±no n±ma ye rajjamanus±santi. R±jamah±matt± r±jissariyasadis±ya issariyamatt±ya samann±gat±. Titthiy±ti vipar²tadassan± b±hirakaparibb±jak±. Titthiyas±vak±ti tesu da¼habhatt± paccayad±yak±. Ananulomikena sa½saggen±ti tissanna½ sikkh±na½ ananulomikena paccan²kabh³tena sa½saggena sa½saµµho viharati, yena brahmacariyantar±ya½ v± sallekhaparih±ni½ v± p±puº±ti.
Id±ni aparenapi pariy±yena agocara½ dassetu½ “y±ni v± pana t±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha assaddh±n²ti buddh±d²su saddh±virahit±ni. Tato eva appasann±ni, kammakammaphalasaddh±ya v± abh±vena assaddh±ni. Ratanattayappas±d±bh±vena appasann±ni. Akkosakaparibh±sak±n²ti akkosavatth³hi akkosak±ni ceva bhayadassanena santajjanak±ni ca. Attha½ na icchanti anatthameva icchant²ti anatthak±m±ni. Hita½ na icchanti ahitameva icchant²ti ahitak±m±ni. Ph±su na icchanti aph±su½yeva icchant²ti aph±sukak±m±ni. Yogakkhema½ nibbhaya½ na icchanti, ayogakkhemameva icchant²ti ayogakkhemak±m±ni. Bhikkh³nanti ettha s±maºer±nampi saªgaho. Bhikkhun²nanti ettha sikkham±nas±maºer²na½. Sabbesa½ hi s±sanik±na½ anatthak±mat±d²panapadamida½ vacana½. Tath±r³p±ni kul±n²ti t±dis±ni khattiyakul±d²ni. Sevat²ti niss±ya j²vati. Bhajat²ti upasaªkamati. Payirup±sat²ti punappuna½ upagacchati. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ vesiy±diko, r±j±diko, assaddhakul±diko ca ta½ ta½ sevantassa tippak±ropi ayutto gocaroti agocaro. Ettha hi vesiy±diko pañcak±maguºanissayato agocaro. Yath±ha “ko ca, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno agocaro paravisayo? Yadida½ pañca k±maguº±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.372). R±j±diko samaºadhammassa anupanissayato, l±bhasakk±r±sanivicakkanippothanadiµµhivipattihetuto ca. Assaddhakul±diko saddh±h±nicittasant±s±vahato agocaro.
Gocaraniddese “na vesiy±gocaro”ti-±d²ni vuttapaµipakkhavasena veditabb±ni. Op±nabh³t±n²ti udap±nabh³t±ni bhikkhusaªghassa, bhikkhun²saªghassa ca catumah±pathe khatapokkharaº² viya yath±sukha½ og±hanakkham±ni. K±s±vapajjot±n²ti bhikkh³na½, bhikkhun²nañca nivatthap±rutak±s±v±na½yeva pabh±hi ekobh±s±ni. Isiv±tapaµiv±t±n²ti geha½ pavisant±na½ nikkhamant±nañca bhikkhubhikkhun²saªkh±t±na½ is²na½ c²varav±tena ceva samiñjanapas±raº±dijanitasar²rav±tena ca paµiv±t±ni pav±yit±ni viniddhutakibbis±ni v±.
Id±ni niddese ±gatanayen±pi ±c±ragocare dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Etth±ti etasmi½ p±timokkhas²laniddese. Imin±pi nayen±ti id±ni vuccam±navidhin±pi. Saªghagatoti saªghasannip±ta½ gato. Acitt²k±rakatoti akatacitt²k±ro, akatag±ravoti attho. Ghaµµayantoti sar²rena, c²varena v± gha½santo. Puratopi tiµµhati acitt²k±rakatoti sambandhitabba½. Ýhitakop²ti upari tiµµhanto viya ±sannataraµµh±ne µhitakopi bhaºati. B±h±vikkhepakoti b±hu½ vikkhipanto. Anup±han±nanti an±dare s±mivacana½. Sa-up±hanoti up±han±ru¼ho. There bhikkh³ anupakhajj±ti ther±na½ bhikkh³na½ µhitaµµh±na½ anupavisitv± tesa½ ±sannataraµµh±na½ upagantv±. Kaµµha½ pakkhipati aggikuº¹e. Vokkamm±ti passato atikkamitv±. G³¼h±ni sabh±vato paµicchann±ni s±ºip±k±r±din± paµicch±dit±ni. An±pucch±ti an±pucchitv±. Ass±ti an±c±rassa.
Apica bhikkh³ti-±di sabbasseva bhikkhuno ±c±radassanavasena pavatta½ aµµhakath±vacana½, na niddesap±¼i. Saddh±s²lasutac±g±diguºahetuko garubh±vo garukaraºa½ v± g±ravo, saha g±raven±ti sag±ravo. Garuµµh±niyesu g±ravas±rajj±divasena paµiss±yan± patiss±, sappatissavapaµipatti. Saha patiss±y±ti sappatisso. Savisesa½ hirimanat±ya, ottappibh±vena ca hirottappasampanno. Sekhiyadhammap±rip³rivasena sunivattho sup±ruto. P±s±diken±ti pas±d±vahena, itthambh³talakkhaºe ceta½ karaºavacana½. Eseva nayo ito paresupi chasu padesu. Abhikkanten±ti abhikkamena. Iriy±pathasampannoti sampanna-iriy±patho. Tena sesa-iriy±path±nampi p±s±dikatam±ha. Indriyesu guttadv±roti cakkhundriy±d²su chasu dv±resu susa½vihit±rakkho. Bhojane mattaññ³ti paribhuñjitabbato bhojanasaññite catubbidhepi paccaye pariyesanapaµiggahaºaparibhog±divasena sabbaso pam±ºaññ³. J±gariyamanuyuttoti pubbaratt±pararatta½ bh±van±manasik±rasaªkh±ta½ j±gariya½ s±taccak±rit±vasena anu anu yutto tattha yuttapayutto. Satisampajaññena samann±gatoti-±di yath±vuttassa ±c±rassa sambh±radassana½. Tattha appicchoti ni-iccho. Santuµµhoti yath±l±bh±divasena santosena tuµµho. Sakkaccak±r²ti ±darak±r². Garucitt²k±rabahuloti garuµµh±niyesu garukaraºabahulo. Aya½ vuccati ±c±roti aya½ sag±ravat±di atthak±mehi ±caritabbato ±c±ro.
S²l±d²na½ guº±na½ upanissayabh³to upanissayagocaro. Satisaªkh±to cittassa ±rakkhabh³to eva gocaro ±rakkhagocaro. Kammaµµh±nasaªkh±to cittassa upanibandhanaµµh±nabh³to gocaro upanibandhagocaro. Appicchat±d²hi dasahi vivaµµanissit±ya kath±ya vatthubh³tehi guºehi samann±gato dasakath±vatthuguºasamann±gato. Tato eva kaly±ºo sundaro mittoti kaly±ºamitto. Tassa lakkhaºa½ parato ±gamissati. Assuta½ suttageyy±di½. Suº±t²ti sutamaya½ ñ±ºa½ upp±deti. Suta½ pariyod±pet²ti tameva yath±suta½ avisadat±ya apariyod±ta½ punappuna½ paripucchan±din± visodheti nijjaµa½ nigumba½ karoti. Tattha ca ye kaªkhaµµh±niy± dhamm±, tesu sa½saya½ chindanto kaªkha½ vitarati. Kammakammaphalesu, ratanattaye ca samm±diµµhiy± ujukaraºena diµµhi½ uju½ karoti. Tato eva ca duvidh±yapi saddh±sampad±ya citta½ pas±deti. Atha v± yath±suta½ dhamma½ pariyodapetv± tatth±gate r³p±r³padhamme pariggahetv± sapaccaya½ n±mar³pa½ pariggaºhanto sattadiµµhivaªkavidhamanena diµµhi½ uju½ karoti. Dhamm±na½ paccayapaccayuppannat±mattadassanena t²supi addh±su kaªkha½ vitarati. Tato para½ ca udayabbayañ±º±divasena vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± ariyabh³mi½ okkamanto aveccapas±dena ratanattaye citta½ pas±deti. Tath±bh³tova tassa kaly±ºamittassa anusikkhanena saddh±d²hi guºehi na h±yati, aññadatthu va¹¹hateva. Ten±ha “yassa v±”ti-±di.
Antaragharanti antare antare ghar±ni ettha, ta½ etass±ti v± “antaragharan”ti laddhan±ma½ gocarag±ma½ paviµµho. Tattha ghare ghare bhikkh±pariyesan±ya v²thi½ paµipanno. Okkhittacakkh³ti heµµh±khittacakkhu. Kittakena pana okkhittacakkhu hot²ti ±ha “yugamattadass±v²”ti. Susa½vutoti sa½yato. Yath± panettha susa½vuto n±ma hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “na hatthi½ olokento”ti-±di vutta½.
Yatth±ti yesu satipaµµh±nesu. Citta½ bh±van±citta½. Upanibandhat²ti upanetv± nibandhati. Vuttañheta½–
“Yath± thambhe nibandheyya, vaccha½ dama½ naro idha;
bandheyyeva½ saka½ citta½, satiy±rammaºe da¼han”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.217; d². ni. aµµha. 2.374; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.107; p±r±. aµµha. 2.165; paµi. ma. aµµha. 2.1.163).
Satipaµµh±n±na½ upanibandhagocarabh±va½ dassetu½ “vuttañhetan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sako pettiko visayoti attano pitu samm±sambuddhassa santako, tena diµµho dassito ca visayo.
Aºuppam±ºes³ti param±ºuppam±ºesu. Asañcicca-±pannasekhiya-akusalacittupp±d±dibhedes³ti asañcicca ±pannasekhiyesu akusalacittupp±d±dibhedes³ti eva½ asañciccaggahaºa½ sekhiyavisesana½ daµµhabba½. Sekhiyaggahaºena cettha vattakkhandhak±d²su (c³¼ava. 356 ±dayo) ±gatavatt±d²nampi gahaºa½. Tepi hi sikkhitabbaµµhena “sekhiy±”ti icchit±. Tath± hi m±tik±ya½ p±r±jik±d²na½ viya sekhiy±na½ paricchedo na kato. Evañca katv± “asañcicca ±pannasekhiy±”ti asañciccaggahaºa½ samatthita½ hoti. Na hi m±tik±ya½ ±gatesu pañcasattatiy± sekhiyesu nosaññ±vimokkho n±ma atthi, asañciccaggahaºeneva cettha asati-aj±nan±nampi saªgaho kato. Keci panettha asiñcicca ±pannaggahaºena acittak±pattiyo gahit±ti vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½, garuk±patt²supi k±sañci acittakabh±vasabbh±vato, adhiµµh±n±vikammassa, desan±vikammasseva v± sabbalahukassa vajjassa idh±dhippetatt±. Ten±ha “y±ni t±ni vajj±ni appamattak±ni oramattak±ni lahuk±ni lahusammat±n²”ti-±di. ¾disaddena p±timokkhasa½varavisuddhattha½ anatikkaman²y±na½ an±pattigaman²y±na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Bhayadassanas²loti param±ºumatta½ vajja½ aµµhasaµµhiyojanasatasahassubbedhasinerupabbatasadisa½ katv± dassanasabh±vo, sabbalahuka½ v± dubbh±sitamatta½ p±r±jikasadisa½ katv± dassanasabh±vo. Ya½ kiñc²ti m³lapaññatti-anupaññattisabbatthapaññattipadesapaññatti-±dibheda½ ya½ kiñci sikkhitabba½ paµipajjitabba½ p³retabba½ s²la½. Samm± ±d±y±ti sammadeva sakkacca½, sabbaso ca ±diyitv±. Aya½ pana ±c±ragocarasampad± ki½ p±timokkhas²le pariy±pann±, ud±hu apariy±pann±ti? Pariy±pann±. Yadi eva½ kasm± puna vutt±ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “ettha c±”ti-±di.