2. Dhamm±nussatikath±vaººan±

146. Dhamm±nussatinti ettha padattho, sabh±vattho ca ±dito vuttoyev±ti ta½ an±masitv± bh±van±vidh±nameva dassetu½ “dhamm±nussati½ bh±vetuk±men±p²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Kasm± panettha buddh±nussatiya½ viya “aveccappas±dasamann±gaten±”ti na vutta½. Nanu et± paµip±µiy± cha anussatiyo ariyas±vak±na½ vasena desana½ ±ru¼h±ti? Saccameta½, eva½ santepi “parisuddhas²l±diguº±na½ puthujjan±nampi ijjhant²”ti dassanattha½ “aveccappas±dasamann±gaten±”ti idha na vutta½, ariyas±vak±na½ pana sukhena ijjhant²ti. Tath±pi p±¼iya½ ±gatatt± ca buddh±nussatiniddese vuttanti daµµhabba½, ayañca vic±ro parato ±gamissateva.
147. Pariyattidhammop²ti pi-saddena lokuttaradhamma½ sampiº¹eti. Itares³ti sandiµµhik±dipadesu. Lokuttaradhammov±ti avadh±raºa½ nippariy±yena sandiµµhik±di-attha½ sandh±ya vutta½, pariy±yato panete pariyattidhammepi sambhavanteva. Tath± hi pariyattidhammo bahussutena ±gat±gamena paramena satinepakkena samann±gatena paññavat± ±dikaly±ºat±divisesato saya½ daµµhabboti sandiµµhiko. ¾cariyapayirup±san±ya vin± na labbh±ti ce? Lokuttaradhammepi sam±ne kaly±ºamittasannissayeneva sijjhanato, tath± satthusandassanepi. “Sandiµµhiy± jayat²”ti aya½ panattho titthiyanimmaddane nippariy±yatova labbhati kilesajaye pariy±yato parampar±hetubh±vato. “Sandiµµha½ arahat²”ti ayampi attho labbhateva, sabbaso sa½kilesadhamm±na½ pah±na½, vod±nadhamm±na½ paribr³hanañca uddissa pavattatt±. Ayañca attho “ye kho tva½, gotami, dhamme j±neyy±si, ime dhamm± sar±g±ya sa½vattanti no vir±g±ya, saññog±ya sa½vattanti no visaññog±ya, sa-up±d±n±ya sa½vattanti no anup±d±n±ya. Eka½sena, gotami, dh±reyy±si ‘neso dhammo, neso vinayo, neta½ satthus±sana”n’ti (c³¼ava. 406; a. ni. 8.53), “dhamm±pi vo, bhikkhave, pah±tabb±, pageva adhamm±”ti (ma. ni. 1.240) ca evam±d²hi suttapadehi vibh±vetabbo. Ak±lik±dhigamup±yat±ya ak±liko. Vijjam±nat±parisuddhat±hi ehipassavidhi½ arahat²ti ehipassiko. Tato eva vaµµadukkhanittharaºatthikehi attano citte upanayana½, cittassa v± tattha upanayana½ arahat²ti opaneyyiko. Vimutt±yatanas²se µhatv± paricayena sammadeva atthaveda½, dhammavedañca labhantehi paccatta½ veditabbo viññ³h²ti. Eva½ sandiµµhik±dipadesu pariyattidhammampi pakkhipitv± manasik±ro yujjateva.
ti g±th±. Samantabhadrakatt±ti sabbabh±gehi sundaratt±. Dhammass±ti s±sanadhammassa. Kiñc±pi avayavavinimutto samud±yo n±ma paramatthato koci natthi, yesu pana avayavesu samud±yar³pena avekkhitesu “g±th±”ti samaññ±, ta½ tato bhinna½ viya katv± sa½s±mivoh±ra½ ±ropetv± dassento “paµhamena p±dena ±dikaly±º±”ti-±dim±ha. “Ek±nusandhikan”ti ida½ n±tibahuvibh±ga½ yath±nusandhin± ek±nusandhika½ sandh±ya vutta½, itarassa pana teneva desetabbadhammavibh±gena ±dimajjhapariyos±nabh±g± labbhant²ti. Nid±nen±ti k±ladesadesakaparis±di-apadisanalakkhaºena nid±naganthena. Nigamanen±ti “idamavoc±”ti-±dikena (sa½. ni. 1.249), “iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vuttan”ti (a. ni. 10.27) v± yath±vuttatthanigamanena.
Aya½ kath± visesato suttapiµakasa½vaººan±ti katv± suttapiµakavasena dhammassa ±dikaly±º±dika½ dassetv± id±ni suttapiµakavinayapiµak±na½ vasena ta½ dassetu½ “sanid±nasa-uppattikatt±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sanid±nasa-uppattikatt±ti yath±vuttanid±nena sanid±nat±ya, sa-aµµhuppattikat±ya ca. Veneyy±na½ anur³patoti sikkh±padapaññattiy±, dhammadesan±ya ca ta½ta½sikkh±padabh±vena paññ±piyam±nassa veneyyajjh±say±nur³pa½ pavattiyam±nassa anur³pato. Atthass±ti desiyam±nassa ca s²l±di-atthassa. “Ta½ kissa hetu (sa½. ni. 1.249)? Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 3.95) tattha tattha het³pam±gahaºena hetud±haraºayuttato.
Eva½ suttavinayavasena pariyattidhammassa ±dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±ºata½ dassetv± id±ni t²ºi piµak±ni ekajjha½ gahetv± ta½ dassetu½ “sakalop²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha s±sanadhammoti–
“Sabbap±passa akaraºa½, kusalassa upasampad±;
sacittapariyodapana½, eta½ buddh±na s±sanan”ti. (Dha. pa. 183; d². ni. 2.90)–

Eva½ vuttassa satthus±sanassa pak±sako pariyattidhammo. S²lena ±dikaly±ºo s²lam³lakatt± s±sanassa. Samath±d²hi majjhekaly±ºo tesa½ s±sanasampattiy± vemajjhabh±vato. Nibb±nena pariyos±nakaly±ºo tadadhigamato uttarikaraº²y±bh±vato. S±sane samm±paµipatti n±ma paññ±ya hoti, tass± ca s²la½, sam±dhi ca m³lanti ±ha “s²lasam±dh²hi ±dikaly±ºo”ti. Paññ± pana anubodhapaµivedhavasena duvidh±ti tadubhayampi gaºhanto “vipassan±maggehi majjhekaly±ºo”ti ±ha. Tassa nipphatti phala½, kicca½ nibb±nasacchikiriy±, tato para½ kattabba½ natth²ti dassento ±ha “phalanibb±nehi pariyos±nakaly±ºo”ti. Phalaggahaºena v± sa-up±disesanibb±nam±ha, itarena itara½, tadubhayañca s±sanasampattiy± os±nanti ±ha “phalanibb±nehi pariyos±nakaly±ºo”ti.

Buddhassa subodhit± samm±sambuddhat±, t±ya ±dikaly±ºo tappabhavatt±. Sabbaso sa½kilesappah±na½ vod±na½, p±rip³r² ca dhammasudhammat±, t±ya majjhekaly±ºo ta½sar²ratt±. Satth±r± yath±nusiµµha½ tath± paµipatti saªghasuppaµipatti, t±ya pariyos±nakaly±ºo, t±ya s±sanassa loke suppatiµµhitabh±vato. Tanti s±sanadhamma½. Tathatt±y±ti yathatt±ya bhagavat± dhammo desito, tathatt±ya tathabh±v±ya. So pana abhisambodhi paccekabodhi s±vakabodh²ti tividho ito aññath± nibb±n±dhigamassa abh±vato. Tattha sabbaguºehi aggabh±vato, itarabodhidvayam³lat±ya ca paµham±ya bodhiy± ±dikaly±ºat±, guºehi vemajjhabh±vato dutiy±ya majjhekaly±ºat±, tadubhay±varat±ya, tados±nat±ya ca s±sanadhammassa tatiy±ya pariyos±nakaly±ºat± vutt±.
Esoti s±sanadhammo. N²varaºavikkhambhanatoti vimutt±yatanas²se µhatv± saddhamma½ suºantassa n²varaº±na½ vikkhambhanasambhavato. Vutta½ heta½–
“Yath± yath±vuso, bhikkhuno satth± v± dhamma½ deseti, aññataro v± garuµµh±niyo sabrahmac±r² tath± tath± so tattha labhati atthaveda½ labhati dhammavedan”ti (a. ni. 5.26).
“Yasmi½, bhikkhave, samaye ariyas±vako ohitasoto dhamma½ suº±ti, pañcassa n²varaº±ni tasmi½ samaye pah²n±ni hont²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.219)–

Ca ±di. Samathavipassan±sukh±vahanatoti samathasukhassa ca vipassan±sukhassa ca samp±danato. Vuttampi ceta½–

“So vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukhan”ti-±di (d². ni. 1.279; ma. ni. 2.138).

Tath±–

“Yato yato sammasati, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
labhat² p²tip±mojja½, amata½ ta½ vij±nata½;
am±nus² rat² hoti, samm± dhamma½ vipassato”ti ca. (Dha. pa. 374, 373).
Tath±paµipannoti yath± samathavipassan±sukha½ ±vahati, yath± v± satth±r± anusiµµha½, tath± paµipanno s±sanadhammo. T±dibh±v±vahanatoti cha¼aªgupekkh±vasena iµµh±d²su t±dibh±vassa lokadhammehi anupalepassa ±vahanato. Esa bhagav± vuttanayena tividhakaly±ºa½ dhamma½ desento ya½ s±sanabrahmacariya½, maggabrahmacariyañca pak±seti, ta½ yath±nur³pa½ atthasampattiy± s±ttha½, byañjanasampattiy± sabyañjananti yojan±.
Tattha avisesena tisso sikkh±, sakalo ca tantidhammo s±sanabrahmacariya½. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “katames±na½ kho, bhante, buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ brahmacariya½ naciraµµhitika½ ahos²”ti-±di (p±r±. 18). Sabbasikkh±na½ maº¹abh³tasikkhattayasaªgahito ariyamaggo maggabrahmacariya½. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “kh²º± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²yan”ti (mah±va. 23; sa½. ni. 5.186). Yath±nur³panti yath±raha½. Sikkhattayasaªgaha½ hi s±sanabrahmacariya½ atthasampattiy± s±ttha½. Maggabrahmacariye vattabbameva natthi. Atthasampattiy±ti sampannatthat±ya. Sampatti-attho hi idha saha-saddo. Itara½ pana yath±vuttenatthena s±ttha½, sabyañjanañca. Ye panettha “vacanasabh±va½ s±ttha½, atthasabh±va½ sabyañjanan”ti vibhajitv± vadanti, ta½ na sundara½, tath± vibhattassa pariyattidhammassa abh±vato. Saddatth± hi abhinnar³p± viya hutv± viniyoga½ gacchanti. Tath± hi nesa½ lokiy±miss²bh±va½ paµij±nanti. Satipi v± bhede “sabyañjanan”ti ettha yadi tulyayogo adhippeto “saputto ±gato”ti-±d²su viya, eva½ sati “atthapaµisaraº±, bhikkhave, hotha, m± byañjanapaµisaraº±”ti atthappadh±nav±do b±dhito siy±, atha vijjam±nat±matta½ “salomako sapakkhako”ti-±d²su viya byañjanasampatti aggahit± siy±. Tasm± aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanayeneva attho gahetabbo.
S±ttha½ sabyañjananti ettha nettinayen±pi attha½ dassetu½ “saªk±sana…pe… sabyañjanan”ti vutta½. Tattha yadipi nettiya½ byañjanamukhena byañjanatthaggahaºa½ hot²ti “akkhara½ padan”ti-±din± (netti. 4 dv±dasapada) byañjanapad±ni paµhama½ uddiµµh±ni, idha pana p±¼iya½ “s±ttha½ sabyañjanan”ti ±gatatt± atthapad±niyeva paµhama½ dassetu½ “saªk±sanapak±san±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha saªkhepato k±sana½ d²pana½ saªk±sana½ “maññam±no bhikkhu baddho m±rassa, amaññam±no mutto”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 3.64) viya. Tattakena hi tena bhikkhun± paµividdha½. Ten±ha “aññ±ta½ bhagav±”ti-±di. Paµhama½ k±sana½ pak±sana½. ¾dikammasmi½ hi aya½ pasaddo “paññapeti paµµhapet²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 2.20) viya. Tikkhindriy±pekkha½ ceta½ padadvaya½ uddesabh±vato. Tikkhindriyo hi saªkhepato paµhamañca vuttamattha½ paµipajjati Sa½khittassa vitth±ravacana½, saki½ vuttassa puna vacanañca vivaraºavibhajan±ni. Yath± “kusal± dhamm±”ti saªkhepato saki½yeva ca vuttassa atthassa “katame dhamm± kusal±? Yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ kusala½ cittan”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1) vitth±rato vivaraºavasena, vibhajanavasena ca puna vacana½. Majjhimindriy±pekkhameta½ padadvaya½ niddesabh±vato. Vivaµassa vitth±ratar±bhidh±na½, vibhattassa ca pak±rehi ñ±pana½ veneyy±na½ cittaparitosana½ utt±n²karaºapaññ±pan±ni. Yath± “phasso hot²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 2) vivaµavibhattassa atthassa “katamo tasmi½ samaye phasso? Yo tasmi½ samaye phasso phusan± samphusan±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 2) utt±n²kiriy±, paññ±pan± ca. Mudindriy±pekkhameta½ padadvaya½ paµiniddesabh±vato. “Paññ±panapaµµhapanavivaraºavibhajana-utt±n²karaºapak±sana-atthapadasam±yogato”tipi p±µho.
Katha½ pan±ya½ p±µhavikappo j±toti? Vuccate– nettip±¼iya½ ±gatanayena purimap±µho. Tattha hi–
“Saªk±san± pak±san±,