Sakacitte issariya½ attano cittassa vas²bh±v±p±dana½, yena paµikk³l±d²su appaµikk³lasaññit±divih±rasiddhi, adhiµµh±niddhi-±diko iddhividhopi cittissariyameva cittabh±van±ya vas²bh±vappattiy± ijjhanato. Aºim±laghim±dikanti ±di-saddena mahim± patti p±kamma½ ²sit± vasit± yatthak±m±vas±yit±ti ime chapi saªgahit±. Tattha k±yassa aºubh±vakaraºa½ aºim±. Lahubh±vo laghim± ±k±se padas± gaman±din±. Mahatta½ mahim± k±yassa mahantat±p±dana½. Iµµhadesappatti patti. Adhiµµh±n±divasena icchitanipph±dana½ p±kamma½. Saya½vasit± issarabh±vo ²sit±. Iddhividhe vas²bh±vo vasit±. ¾k±sena v± gacchato, añña½ v± kiñci karoto yattha katthaci vos±nappatti yatthak±m±vas±yit±. “Kum±rakar³p±didassanan”tipi vadanti. Evamida½ aµµhavidha½ lokiyasammata½ issariya½. Ta½ pana bhagavato iddhividhantogadha½, anaññas±dh±raºañc±ti ±ha “sabb±k±raparip³ra½ atth²”ti.
Kesañci padesavutti, ayath±bh³taguºasannissayatt± aparisuddho ca yaso hoti, na eva½ tath±gatass±ti dassetu½ “lokattayaby±pako”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha idha adhigatasatthuguº±na½ ±ruppe uppann±na½ “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± bhagavato guºe anussarant±na½ yaso p±kaµo hot²ti ±ha “lokattayaby±pako”ti. Yath±bhuccaguº±dhigatatt± eva ativiya parisuddho. Anavasesalakkhaº±nubyañjan±disampattiy± sabb±k±raparip³r±. Sabbaªgapaccaªgasir² sabbesa½ aªgapaccaªg±na½ sobh±. “Tiººo t±reyyan”ti-±din± ya½ ya½ etena lokan±thena icchita½ manovac²paºidh±navasena, patthita½ k±yapaºidh±navasena. Tathev±ti paºidh±n±nur³pameva. V²riyap±ramibh±vappatto, ariyamaggapariy±panno ca samm±v±y±masaªkh±to payatto.
Bhedeh²ti sabbattikadukapadasa½hitehi pabhedehi. Paµiccasamupp±d±d²h²ti ±di-saddena na kevala½ vibhaªgap±¼iya½ ±gat± satipaµµh±n±dayova saªgahit±, atha kho saªgah±dayo, samayavimutt±dayo, µhapan±dayo tikapaµµh±n±dayo ca saªgahit±ti veditabba½. Dukkhasaccassa p²¼anaµµho ta½samaªgino sattassa hi½sana½ avipph±rikat±karaºa½. Saªkhataµµho sameccasambh³yapaccayehi katabh±vo. Sant±paµµho dukkhadukkhat±d²hi santappana½ paridahana½. Vipariº±maµµho jar±ya, maraºena c±ti dvidh± vipariº±metabbat±. Samudayassa ±y³hanaµµho dukkhassa nibbattanavasena sampiº¹ana½. Nid±naµµho “ida½ ta½ dukkhan”ti nidadantassa viya samuµµh±pana½. Sa½yogaµµho sa½s±radukkhena sa½yojana½. Palibodhaµµho magg±dhigamassa niv±raºa½. Nirodhassa nissaraºaµµho sabb³padh²na½ paµinissaggasabh±vatt± tato vinissaµat±, tannissaraºanimittat± v±. Vivekaµµho sabbasaªkh±ravisa½yuttat±. Asaªkhataµµho kenacipi paccayena anabhisaªkhatat±. Amataµµho niccasabh±vatt± maraº±bh±vo, satt±na½ maraº±bh±vahetut± v±. Maggassa niyy±naµµho vaµµadukkhato niggamanaµµho. Hetu-attho nibb±nassa samp±pakabh±vo. Dassanaµµho accantasukhumassa nibb±nassa sacchikaraºa½. ¾dhipateyyaµµho catusaccadassane sampayutt±na½ ±dhipaccakaraºa½, ±rammaº±dhipatibh±vo v± visesato magg±dhipativacanato. Satipi hi jh±n±d²na½ ±rammaº±dhipatibh±ve “jh±n±dhipatino dhamm±”ti evam±di½ avatv± “magg±dhipatino dhamm±” icceva vutta½, tasm± viññ±yati “atthi maggassa ±rammaº±dhipatibh±ve viseso”ti. Ete ca p²¼an±dayo so¼as±k±r± n±ma. Kasm± panettha aññesu rogagaºµh±di-±k±resu vijjam±nesu eteva pariggayhant²ti? Salakkhaºato ca saccantaradassanato ca ±vibh±vato. Sv±yamattho parato saccakath±yameva ±vi bhavissati.
Dibbavih±ro kasiº±di-±rammaº±ni r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni. Mett±dijjh±n±ni brahmavih±ro. Phalasam±patti ariyavih±ro. K±mehi vivekaµµhak±yat±vasena ek²bh±vo k±yaviveko. Paµhamajjh±n±din± n²varaº±d²hi vivittacittat± cittaviveko. Upadhiviveko nibb±na½. Aññeti lokiy±bhiññ±dike.
Kiles±bhisaªkh±ravasena bhavesu paribbhamana½, so ca taºh±ppadh±noti vutta½ “taºh±saªkh±ta½ gamanan”ti. Vantanti ariyamaggamukhena uggirita½ puna apacc±vamanavasena cha¹¹ita½. Bhagav±ti vuccati niruttinayen±ti dassento ±ha “yath±…pe… mekhal±”ti.
Aparo nayo– bh±gav±ti bhagav±, bhatav±ti bhagav±, bh±ge van²ti bhagav±, bhage van²ti bhagav±, bhattav±ti bhagav±, bhage vam²ti bhagav±. Bh±ge vam²ti bhagav±.
Bh±gav± bhatav± bh±ge, bhage ca vani bhattav±;
bhage vami tath± bh±ge, vam²ti bhagav± jino.
Tattha katha½ bh±gav±ti bhagav±? Ye te s²l±dayo dhammakkhandh± guºakoµµh±s±, te anaññas±dh±raº± niratisay± tath±gatassa atthi upalabbhanti. Tath± hissa s²la½ sam±dhi paññ± vimutti vimuttiñ±ºadassana½, hir² ottappa½, saddh± v²riya½, sati sampajañña½, s²lavisuddhi diµµhivisuddhi, samatho vipassan±, t²ºi kusalam³l±ni, t²ºi sucarit±ni, tayo samm±vitakk±, tisso anavajjasaññ±, tisso dh±tuyo, catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, catt±ro sammappadh±n±, catt±ro iddhip±d±, catt±ro ariyamagg±, catt±ri ariyaphal±ni, catasso paµisambhid±, catuyoniparicchedakañ±º±ni, catt±ro ariyava½s±, catt±ri ves±rajjañ±º±ni, pañca padh±niyaªg±ni, pañcaªgiko samm±sam±dhi, pañcañ±ºiko samm±sam±dhi, pañcindriy±ni, pañca bal±ni, pañca niss±raº²y± dh±tuyo, pañca vimutt±yatanañ±º±ni, pañca vimuttiparip±can²y± saññ±, cha anussatiµµh±n±ni, cha g±rav±, cha niss±raº²y± dh±tuyo, cha satatavih±r±, cha anuttariy±ni, cha nibbedhabh±giy± saññ±, cha abhiññ±, cha as±dh±raºañ±º±ni, satta aparih±niy± dhamm±, satta ariyadhamm±, satta ariyadhan±ni, satta bojjhaªg±, satta sappurisadhamm±, satta nijjaravatth³ni, satta saññ±, sattadakkhiºeyyapuggaladesan±, sattaviññ±ºaµµhitidesan±, sattakh²º±savabaladesan±, aµµhapaññ±paµil±bhahetudesan±, aµµha sammatt±ni, aµµhalokadhamm±tikkam±, aµµha ±rambhavatth³ni, aµµha-akkhaºadesan±, aµµha mah±purisavitakk±, aµµha-abhibh±yatanadesan±, aµµha vimokkh±, nava yonisomanasik±ram³lak± dhamm±, nava p±risuddhipadh±niyaªg±ni, navasatt±v±sadesan±, nava ±gh±tapaµivinay±, nava saññ±, nava n±natt±, nava anupubbavih±r±, dasa n±thak±raº± dhamm±, dasa kasiº±yatan±ni, dasa kusalakammapath±, dasa sammatt±ni, dasa ariyav±s±, dasa asekkhadhamm±, dasa tath±gatabal±ni, ek±dasa mett±nisa½s±, dv±dasa dhammacakk±k±r±, terasa dhutaguº±, cuddasa buddhañ±º±ni, pañcadasa vimuttiparip±can²y± dhamm±, so¼asavidh± ±n±p±nassati, so¼asa aparantapan²y± dhamm±, aµµh±rasa buddhadhamm±, ek³nav²sati paccavekkhaºañ±º±ni, catucatt±l²sa ñ±ºavatth³ni paññ±sa udayabbayañ±º±ni, paropaññ±sa kusaladhamm±, sattasattatiñ±ºavatth³ni, catuv²satikoµisatasahassasam±pattisañc±rimah±vajirañ±ºa½, anantanayasamantapaµµh±napavicayapaccavekkhaºadesan±ñ±º±ni, tath± anant±su lokadh±t³su anant±na½ satt±na½ ±say±divibh±vanañ±º±ni c±ti evam±dayo anant±parim±ºabhed± anaññas±dh±raº± niratisay± guºabh±g± guºakoµµh±s± sa½vijjanti upalabbhanti. Tasm± yath±vuttavibh±g± guºabh±g± assa atth²ti bh±gav±ti vattabbe ±-k±rassa rassatta½ katv± “bhagav±”ti vutto. Eva½ t±va bh±gav±ti bhagav±.
Yasm± s²l±dayo sabbe, guºabh±g± asesato;
vijjanti sugate tasm±, “bhagav±”ti pavuccati.
Katha½ bhatav±ti bhagav±? Ye te sabbalokahit±ya ussukkam±pannehi manussatt±dike aµµha dhamme samodh±netv± samm±sambodhiy± katamah±bhin²h±rehi mah±bodhisattehi parip³retabb± d±nap±ram², s²lanekkhammapaññ±v²riyakhantisacca-adhiµµh±namett±-upekkh±p±ram²ti dasa p±ramiyo, dasa upap±ramiyo, dasa paramatthap±ramiyoti samati½sa p±ramiyo, d±n±d²ni catt±ri saªgahavatth³ni, sacc±d²ni catt±ri adhiµµh±n±ni, attaparicc±go, nayana, dhana, rajja, puttad±raparicc±goti pañca mah±paricc±g±, pubbayogo, pubbacariy±, dhammakkh±na½, ñ±tatthacariy±, lokatthacariy±, buddhatthacariy±ti evam±dayo, saªkhepato v± sabbe puññasambh±rañ±ºasambh±rabuddhak±rakadhamm±, te mah±bhin²h±rato paµµh±ya kapp±na½ satasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyey±ni yath± h±nabh±giy±, sa½kilesabh±giy±, µhitibh±giy± v± na honti, atha kho uttaruttari visesabh±giy±va honti, eva½ sakkacca½ nirantara½ anavasesato bhat± sambhat± assa atth²ti bhatav±ti vattabbe “bhagav±”ti vutto niruttinayena ta-k±rassa ga-k±ra½ katv±. Atha v± bhatav±ti teyeva yath±vutte buddhak±rakadhamme vuttanayena bhari sambhari, parip³res²ti attho. Evampi bhatav±ti bhagav±.
Samm±sambodhiy± sabbe, d±nap±rami-±dike;
sambh±re bhatav± n±tho, tasm±pi bhagav± mato.
Katha½ bh±ge van²ti bhagav±? Ye te catuv²satikoµisatasahassasaªkh± devasika½ va¼añjanakasam±pattibh±g±, te anavasesato lokahitattha½, attano ca diµµhadhammasukhavih±rattha½ niccakappa½ niccakappa½ vani bhaji sevi bahulamak±s²ti bh±ge van²ti bhagav±. Atha v± abhiññeyyadhammesu, kusal±d²su, khandh±d²su ca ye te pariññeyy±divasena saªkhepato v± catubbidh± abhisamayabh±g±, vitth±rato pana “cakkhu½ pariññeyya½…pe… jar±maraºa½ pariññeyyan”ti-±din± anekapariññeyyabh±g±, “cakkhussa samudayo pah±tabbo…pe… jar±maraºassa samudayo pah±tabbo”ti-±din± pah±tabbabh±g±, “cakkhussa nirodho…pe… jar±maraºassa nirodho sacchik±tabbo”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.21) sacchik±tabbabh±g±, “cakkhussa nirodhag±min² paµipad±”ti-±din±, “catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti-±din± ca anekabhed± bh±vetabbabh±g± ca dhamm±, te sabbe vani bhaji yath±raha½ gocarabh±van±sevan±na½ vasena sevi. Evampi bh±ge van²ti bhagav±. Atha v± ye ime s²l±dayo dhammakkhandh± s±vakehi s±dh±raº± guºakoµµh±s± guºabh±g±, “kinti nu kho te veneyyasant±nesu patiµµhapeyyan”ti mah±karuº±ya vani abhipatthayi, s± cassa abhipatthan± yath±dhippetaphal±vah± ahosi. Evampi bh±ge van²ti bhagav±.
Yasm± ñeyyasam±patti-guºabh±ge tath±gato;
bhaji patthayi satt±na½, hit±ya bhagav± tato.
Katha½ bhage van²ti bhagav±? Sam±sato t±va katapuññehi payogasampannehi yath±vibhava½ bhaj²yant²ti bhag±, lokiyalokuttarasampattiyo. Tattha lokiye t±va tath±gato sambodhito pubbe bodhisattabh³to paramukka½sagate vani bhaji sevi, yattha patiµµh±ya niravasesato buddhak±rakadhamme samann±nento buddhadhamme parip±cesi. Buddhabh³to pana te niravajjasukh³pasa½hite anaññas±dh±raºe lokuttarepi vani bhaji sevi. Vitth±rato pana padesarajja-issariyacakkavattisampattidevarajjasampatti-±divasena, jh±navimokkhasam±dhisam±pattiñ±ºadassanamaggabh±van±phalasacchikiriy±di-uttarimanussadhammavasena ca anekavihite anaññas±dh±raºe bhage vani bhaji sevi. Evampi bhage van²ti bhagav±.
Y± t± sampattiyo loke, y± ca lokuttar± puth³;
sabb± t± bhaji sambuddho, tasm±pi bhagav± mato.
Katha½ bhattav±ti bhagav±? Bhatt± da¼habhattik± assa bah³ atth²ti bhattav±. Tath±gato hi mah±karuº±sabbaññutaññ±º±di-aparimitanirupamappabh±vaguºavisesasamaªgi bh±vato sabbasattuttamo sabb±natthaparih±rapubbaªgam±ya niravasesahitasukhavidh±natappar±ya niratisay±ya payogasampattiy± sadevamanuss±ya paj±ya accantupak±rit±ya dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºa-as²ti-anubyañjanaby±mappabh±di-anaññas±dh±raºaguºavisesapaµimaº¹itar³pak±yat±ya yath±bhuccaguº±dhigatena “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±dinayappavattena lokattayaby±pin±suvipulena, suvisuddhena ca thutighosena samann±gatatt±, ukka½sap±ramippatt±su appicchat±santuµµhi-±d²su supatiµµhitabh±vato, dasabalacatuves±rajj±diniratisayaguºavisesasamaªgibh±vato ca “r³pappam±ºo r³pappasanno, ghosappam±ºo ghosappasanno, l³khappam±ºo l³khappasanno, dhammappam±ºo dhammappasanno”ti eva½ catuppam±ºike lokasanniv±se sabbath±pi pas±d±vahabh±vena samantap±s±dikatt± aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ sadevamanuss±na½ ±darabahum±nag±rav±yatanat±ya paramapemasambhattiµµh±na½. Ye tassa ov±de patiµµhit± aveccappas±dena samann±gat± honti, kenaci asa½h±riy± tesa½ sambhatti samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v±ti. Tath± hi te attano j²vitaparicc±gepi tattha pas±da½ na pariccajanti, tassa v± ±ºa½ da¼habhattibh±vato. Tenev±ha–