S²lappabhedakath±vaººan±

10. “Katividhan”ti ettha vidha-saddo koµµh±sapariy±yo “ekavidhena r³pasaªgaho”ti-±d²su viya, pak±rattho v±, katippak±ra½ kittak± s²lassa pak±rabhed±ti attho. S²lanalakkhaºen±ti s²lanasaªkh±tena sabh±vena.
Caranti tena s²lesu parip³rak±rita½ upagacchant²ti caritta½, carittameva c±ritta½. V±ritato tena att±na½ t±yanti rakkhant²ti v±ritta½. Adhiko sam±c±ro abhisam±c±ro, tattha niyutta½, so v± payojana½ etass±ti ±bhisam±c±rika½. ¾di brahmacariyass±ti ±dibrahmacariya½, tadeva ±dibrahmacariyaka½. Viramati et±ya, saya½ v± viramati, viramaºa½ v± virati, na virat²ti avirati. Nissayat²ti nissita½, na nissitanti anissita½. Pariyanto etassa atth²ti pariyanta½, k±lena pariyanta½ k±lapariyanta½, yath±paricchinno v± k±lo pariyanto etass±ti k±lapariyanta½. Y±va p±ºana½ j²vana½ koµi etass±ti ±p±ºakoµika½. Attano paccayehi loke niyutta½, tattha v± viditanti lokiya½. Loka½ uttarat²ti lokuttara½.
Paccayato, phalato ca majjhimapaº²tehi nih²na½, tesa½ v± guºehi parih²nanti h²na½. Attano paccayehi padh±nabh±va½ n²tanti paº²ta½. Ubhinnameva vemajjhe bhava½ majjhima½. Att±dhipatito ±gata½ att±dhipateyya½. Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo. Taºh±ya, diµµhiy± v± par±maµµha½ padha½sitanti par±maµµha½. Tappaµikkhepato apar±maµµha½. Paµippassaddhakilesa½ paµippassaddha½. Sikkh±su j±ta½, sekkhassa idanti v± sekkha½. Pariniµµhitasikkh±kiccat±ya asekkhadhammapariy±panna½ asekkha½. Tadubhayapaµikkhepena nevasekkhan±sekkha½. H±na½ bhajati, h±nabh±go v± etassa atth²ti h±nabh±giya½. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Appaparim±ºatt± pariyantavanta½, p±risuddhivantañca s²la½ pariyantap±risuddhis²la½. Anappaparim±ºatt± apariyanta½, p±risuddhivantañca s²la½ apariyantap±risuddhis²la½. Sabbaso puººa½, p±risuddhivantañca s²la½ paripuººap±risuddhis²la½.
11. Vuttanayen±ti “s²lanaµµhena s²lan”ti-±din± (visuddhi. 1.7) heµµh± vuttena nayena. Ida½ kattabbanti paññattasikkh±padap³raºanti ida½ ±bhisam±c±rika½ kattabba½ paµipajjitabbanti eva½ paññattassa sikkh±padas²lassa p³raºa½. Sikkh±padas²la½ hi p³rento sikkh±padampi p³reti p±leti n±ma. Sikkh± eva v± sikkhitabbato, paµipajjitabbato ca sikkh±pada½. Tassa p³raºantipi yojetabba½. Ida½ na kattabbanti paµikkhittassa akaraºanti ida½ duccarita½ na kattabbanti bhagavat± paµikkhittassa akaraºa½ viramaºa½. Caranti tasminti tasmi½ s²le ta½samaªgino carant²ti s²lassa adhikaraºata½ vibh±vento tesa½ pavattiµµh±nabh±va½ dasseti. Ten±ha “s²lesu parip³rak±rit±ya pavattant²”ti. V±ritanti ida½ na kattabbanti paµikkhitta½ akappiya½ T±yant²ti akaraºeneva t±yanti. Ten±ti v±rittas²lam±ha. V±reti v± satth± ettha, etena v±ti v±rita½, sikkh±pada½. Ta½ avikopento t±yanti ten±ti v±ritta½. Saddh±v²riyas±dhananti saddh±ya, uµµh±nav²riyena ca s±dhetabba½. Na hi asaddho, kus²to ca vattapaµipatti½ parip³reti, saddho eva satth±r± paµikkhitte aºumattepi vajje bhayadass±v² sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±pades³ti ±ha “saddh±s±dhana½ v±rittan”ti.
Adhis²lasikkh±pariy±pannatt± abhivisiµµho sam±c±roti abhisam±c±roti ±ha “uttamasam±c±ro”ti. Abhisam±c±rova ±bhisam±c±rika½, yath± venayikoti (a. ni. 8.11; p±r±. 8) adhipp±yo. Abhisam±c±ro ukkaµµhaniddesato maggas²la½, phalas²lañca, ta½ ±rabbha uddissa tadattha½ tappayojana½ paññatta½ ±bhisam±c±rika½. Suparisuddh±ni t²ºi k±yakamm±ni, catt±ri vac²kamm±ni, suparisuddho ±j²voti ida½ ±j²vaµµhamaka½. Tattha k±ma½ ±j²vahetukato sattavidhaduccaritato virati samm±-±j²voti sopi sattavidho hoti, samm±j²vat±s±maññena pana ta½ eka½ katv± vutta½. Atha v± tividhakuhanavatthusannissayato micch±j²vato virati½ ekajjha½ katv± vutto “±j²vo suparisuddho”ti. Seµµhacariyabh±vato maggo eva brahmacariyanti maggabrahmacariya½, tassa. ¾dibh±vabh³tanti ±dimhi bh±vetabbata½ nipph±detabbata½ bh³ta½ patta½ ±dibh±vabh³ta½. Kiñc±pi desan±nukkamena samm±diµµhi ±di, paµipattikkamena pana ±j²vaµµhamakas²la½ ±d²ti. Tassa sampattiy±ti ±bhisam±c±rikassa sampajjanena parip³raºena ±dibrahmacariyaka½ sampajjati. Yo hi lahuk±nipi appas±vajj±ni parivajjeti, so garuk±ni mah±s±vajj±ni bahv±d²nav±ni parivajjessat²ti vattabbameva natth²ti. Sutta½ pana etamattha½ byatirekavasena vibh±veti. Tattha dhammanti s²la½. Ta½ hi upariguºavises±na½ dh±raºaµµhena dhammoti vuccati.
Viratis²lassa itaras²lena satipi sampayog±dike asammissakat±dassanattha½ “veramaºimattan”ti vutta½.
“Nissit±nissitavasen±”ti ettha labbham±nanissaya½ t±va dassetu½ “nissayo”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha taºh±caritena nissayitabbato taºh±va taºh±nissayo. Tath± diµµhinissayo. Diµµhicarito hi asatipi diµµhiy± taºh±virahe diµµhinissitova pavattati. Devoti catumah±r±jasakkasuy±m±dip±kaµadevam±ha Devaññataroti ap±kaµa½. Taºha½ eva nissitanti taºh±nissita½. Taºh±ya nissitanti ca keci vadanti. Tesa½ “dve nissay±”ti-±din± virujjhati. Suddhidiµµhiy±ti “iti sa½s±rasuddhi bhavissat²”ti eva½ pavattadiµµhiy±, lokuttara½ s²lanti adhipp±yo. Tassev±ti lokuttarasseva sambh±rabh³ta½ k±raºabh³ta½, vivaµµ³panissayanti attho.
K±lapariccheda½ katv±ti “imañca ratti½, imañca divan”ti-±din± (a. ni. 8.41) viya k±lavasena pariccheda½ katv±. K±lapariccheda½ akatv± sam±dinnampi antar±vicchinna½ sampattavirativasena y±vaj²va½ pavattitampi ±p±ºakoµika½ na hot²ti dassetu½ “y±vaj²va½ sam±diyitv± tatheva pavattitan”ti vutta½.
L±bhayasañ±ti-aªgaj²vitavasen±ti l±bhayas±na½ anuppann±na½ upp±danavasena, uppann±na½ rakkhaºavasena ceva va¹¹hanavasena ca ñ±ti-aªgaj²vit±na½ avin±sanavasena. Ki½ so v²tikkamissat²ti yo v²tikkam±ya cittampi na upp±deti, so k±yav±c±hi v²tikkamissat²ti ki½ ida½, natthetanti attho. Paµikkhepe hi aya½ ki½-saddo.
¾rammaºabh±vena vaºo viya ±save k±m±sav±dike paggharat²ti sampayogabh±v±bh±vepi sah±saveh²ti s±sava½. Tebh³makadhammaj±tanti s²la½ tappariy±pannanti ±ha “s±sava½ s²la½ lokiyan”ti. Bhavavises± sampattibhav±. Vinayoti vinayapariyatti, tattha v± ±gatasikkh±pad±ni. P±mojja½ taruºap²ti. Yath±bh³tañ±ºadassana½ sapaccayan±mar³padassana½, tadadhiµµh±n± v± taruºavipassan±. Nibbid±ti nibbid±ñ±ºa½. Tena balavavipassanam±ha. Vir±go maggo. Vimutti arahattaphala½. Vimuttiñ±ºadassana½ paccavekkhaº±. Kath±ti vinayakath±. Mantan±ti vinayavic±raº±. Upanis±ti yath±vuttak±raºaparampar±saªkh±to upanissayo. Lokuttara½ maggaphalacittasampayutta½ ±j²vaµµhamakas²la½. Tattha maggas²la½ bhavanissaraº±vaha½ hoti, paccavekkhaºañ±ºassa ca bh³mi, phalas²la½ pana paccavekkhaº±ñ±ºasseva bh³mi.
12. H²n±dhimuttivasena chand±d²nampi h²nat±. Paº²t±dhimuttivasena paº²tat±. Tadubhayavemajjhat±vasena majjhimat±. Yatheva hi kamma½ ±y³hanavasena h²n±dibhedabhinna½ hoti, eva½ chand±dayopi pavatti-±k±ravasena. So ca nesa½ pavatti-±k±ro adhimuttibheden±ti daµµhabba½. Yasak±mat±y±ti kittisilok±bhiratiy±, pariv±ricch±ya v±. “Katha½ n±ma m±diso ²disa½ kareyy±”ti p±pajigucch±ya ariyabh±va½ niss±ya. Anupakkiliµµhanti attukka½sanaparavambhan±hi, aññehi ca upakkilesehi anupakkiliµµha½. Bhavabhogatth±y±ti bhavasampatti-atthañceva bhogasampatti-atthañca. Attano vimokkhatth±ya pavattitanti s±vakapaccekabodhisattas²lam±ha. Sabbasatt±na½ vimokkhatth±y±ti sabbasatt±na½ sa½s±rabandhanato vimocanatth±ya. P±ramit±s²la½ mah±bodhisattas²la½. Y± karuº³p±yakosallapariggahit± mah±bodhi½ ±rabbha pavatt± paramukka½sagatasoceyyasallekh± desak±lasatt±divikapparahit± s²lap±ramit±.
Ananur³panti as±ruppa½. Att± eva garu adhipati etass±ti attagaru, lajj±dhiko. Att±dhipatito ±gata½ att±dhipateyya½. Loko adhipati garu etass±ti lok±dhipati, ottapp±dhiko. Dhammo n±m±ya½ mah±nubh±vo ekantaniyy±niko, so ca paµipattiy±va p³jetabbo. Tasm± “na½ s²lasampad±ya p³jess±m²”ti eva½ dhammamahatta½ p³jetuk±mena.
Par±maµµhatt±ti par±bhavavasena ±maµµhatt±. Taºh±diµµhiyo hi “imin±ha½ s²lena devo v± bhaviss±mi devaññataro v±, imin± me s²lena sa½s±rasuddhi bhavissat²”ti pavattassa s²la½ par±masantiyo ta½ par±bhava½ p±penti maggassa anupanissayabh±vakaraºato. Puthujjanakaly±ºakass±ti puthujjanesu kaly±ºakassa. So hi puthujjanova hutv± kaly±ºehi s²l±d²hi samann±gato. Par±masanakiles±na½ vikkhambhanato, samucchindanato ca tehi na par±maµµhanti apar±maµµha½. Tassa tassa kilesadarathassa paµippassambhanato v³pasamanato paµippassaddha½.
Katapaµikammanti vuµµh±nadesan±hi yath±dhamma½ katapaµik±ra½. Eva½ hi ta½ s²la½ paµip±katikameva hoti. Ten±ha “ta½ visuddhan”ti. “Katapaµikamman”ti imin± ca “na puneva½ karissan”ti adhiµµh±nampi saªgahitanti daµµhabba½. “Acchama½sa½ nu kho, s³karama½sa½ nu kho”ti-±din± vatthumhi v±, “p±cittiya½ nu kho, dukkaµa½ nu kho”ti-±din± ±pattiy± v±, “may± ta½ vatthu v²tikkanta½ nu kho, na nu kho v²tikkantan”ti-±din± ajjh±c±re v± vematikassa sa½say±pannassa. Visodhetabba½ yath±dhamma½ paµikammena. Vimati eva vematika½, tasmi½ vematike sati, vimatiy± uppann±y±ti attho. Vimati paµivinetabb±ti saya½ v± ta½ vatthu½ vic±retv±, vinayadhare v± pucchitv± kaªkh± vinodetabb±. Nikkaªkhena pana kappiya½ ce k±tabba½, akappiya½ ce cha¹¹etabba½. Ten±ha “iccassa ph±su bhavissat²”ti.
“Cat³hi ariyamaggeh²”ti-±din± maggaphalapariy±panna½ s²la½ maggaphalasampayutta½ vutta½. Samud±yesu pavattavoh±r± avayavesupi pavattant²ti. Sesanti sabba½ lokiyas²la½.
Pakatip²ti sabh±vopi. Sukhas²lo sakhilo sukhasa½v±so. Tena pariy±yen±ti pakati-atthav±cakatthena. Ekacca½ aby±kata½ s²la½ idh±dhippetas²lena ekasaªgahanti akusalassev±yujjam±nata½ dassetu½ “tattha akusalan”ti-±di vutta½. Tath± hi sekkhattika½ idha gahita½, idha na upan²ta½ kusalattikanti adhipp±yo. Vuttanayenev±ti vutteneva nayena kusalattika½ aggahetv± h²nattik±d²na½ pañcanna½ tik±na½ vasena assa s²lassa tividhat± veditabb±.
13. Yodh±ti yo idha. Vatthuv²tikkameti ±pattiy± vatthuno v²tikkamane ajjh±c±re. K±masaªkapp±dayo nava mah±vitakk± micch±saªkapp±. Evar³pass±ti edisassa. Tassa hi s²lavante anupasaªkamitv± duss²le sevantassa tato eva tesa½ diµµh±nugati½ ±pajjanena paººattiv²tikkame adosadass±vino micch±saªkappabahulat±ya manacchaµµh±ni indriy±ni arakkhato s²la½ eka½seneva h±nabh±giya½ hoti, na µhitibh±giya½, kuto vises±dibh±giyat±. S²lasampattiy±ti s²lap±rip³riy± catup±risuddhis²lena. Aghaµantassa uttar²ti uttari vises±dhigam±ya av±yamantassa. Ýhitibh±giya½ s²la½ bhavati asam±dhisa½vattaniyatt±. Samp±dite hi sam±dhismi½ s²lassa sam±dhisa½vattaniyat± nicchiyati. Sam±dhatth±y±ti samathavasena sam±dh±natth±ya. Nibbidanti vipassana½. Balavavipassan±dassanattha½ nibbid±gahaºa½ t±vat±pi s²lassa nibbedhabh±giyabh±vasiddhito.
Y±ni ca sikkh±pad±ni nesa½ rakkhitabb±n²ti sambandho, t±ni pana as±dh±raºapaññattito aññ±ni. Nesanti “rakkhitabb±n²”ti pada½ apekkhitv± kattari s±mivacana½, tehi bhikkh³h²ti attho. Sati v± uss±heti ussakkitv± s²l±ni rakkhitu½ uss±he sati. Das±ti s±maºerehi rakkhitabbas²lam±ha ghaµik±r±d²na½ viya. Aµµh±ti nacc±dim±l±diveramaºi½ eka½ katv± sabbapacchimavajj±ni aµµha.
Av²tikkamoti pañcanna½ s²l±na½ av²tikkamo. Pakatis²lanti sabh±vas²la½. Tatr³papattiniyata½ hi s²la½ uttarakuruk±na½. Mariy±d±c±rittanti tassa tassa s±vajjassa akaraºe mariy±dabh³ta½, tattha tattha kul±d²su pubbapurisehi µhapita½ c±ritta½. Kuladesap±saº¹adhammo hi “±c±ras²lan”ti adhippeta½. Tattha kuladhammo t±va br±hmaº±d²na½ amajjap±n±di, desadhammo ekaccajanapadav±s²na½ ahi½san±di, p±saº¹adhammo titthiy±na½ yamaniyam±di. Titthiyamata½ hi diµµhip±sena, taºh±p±sena ca ¹eti pavattati, p±sa½ v± b±dha½ ariyavinayassa ¹et²ti “p±saº¹an”ti vuccati. “Pakatiy± s²lavat² hot²”ti (d². ni. 2.20) vacanato bodhisattam±tu pañcasikkh±padas²la½ paripuººameva. Ida½ pana ukka½sagata½ bodhisattapitaripi cittupp±damattenapi asa½kiliµµha½ “dhammat±s²lan”ti vutta½. K±maguº³pasa½hitanti k±makoµµh±sesu ass±d³pasa½hita½ k±mass±dagadhita½. Dhammat±s²lanti dhammat±ya k±raºaniy±mena ±gata½ s²la½. S²lap±rami½ hi paramukka½sa½ p±petv± kucchigatassa mah±bodhisattassa s²latejena guº±nubh±vena bodhisattam±tu saraseneva paramasallekhappatta½ s²la½ hoti. Mah±kassap±d²nanti ±di-saddena bhadd±dike saªgaºh±ti. Te kira sucira½ k±la½ suparisuddhas²l± eva hutv± ±gat±. Ten±ha “suddhasatt±nan”ti. T±su t±su j±t²s³ti s²lavar±jamahi½sar±j±dij±t²su. Pubbe purimaj±tiya½ siddho hetu etass±ti pubbahetukas²la½. Ida½ pana pakatis²l±disam±d±nena vin± av²tikkamalakkhaºa½ sampattaviratisaªgaha½ daµµhabba½.
Ya½ bhagavat± eva½ vutta½ s²lanti sambandho. Idh±ti vakkham±nas²laparip³rakassa puggalassa sannissayabh³tas±sanaparid²pana½, aññas±sanassa ca tath±bh±vapaµisedhana½. Vutta½ heta½ “idheva, bhikkhave, samaºo…pe… suññ± parappav±d± samaºebhi aññeh²”ti (d². ni. 2.214; ma. ni. 1.139; a. ni. 4.241). Bhikkh³ti tassa s²lassa parip³rakapuggalaparid²pana½. P±timokkhasa½varasa½vutoti idamassa p±timokkhas²le patiµµhitabh±vaparid²pana½. Viharat²ti idamassa tadanur³pavih±rasamaªgibh±vaparid²pana½. ¾c±ragocarasampannoti ida½ p±timokkhasa½varassa, upari-adhigantabbaguº±nañca upak±rakadhammaparid²pana½. Aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v²ti ida½ p±timokkhato acavanabh±vaparid²pana½. Sam±d±y±ti sikkh±pad±na½ anavasesato ±d±naparid²pana½. Sikkhat²ti sikkh±ya samaªgibh±vaparid²pana½ Sikkh±pades³ti sikkhitabbadhammaparid²pana½. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ parato ±vi bhavissati.
Soti p±timokkhasa½varas²le patiµµhitabhikkhu. Tena y±disassa indriyasa½varas²la½ icchitabba½, ta½ dasseti. Cakkhun±ti yato so sa½varo, ta½ dasseti. R³panti yattha so sa½varo, ta½ dasseti. Disv± na nimittagg±h² hoti n±nubyañjanagg±h²ti sa½varassa up±ya½ dasseti. Yatv±dhikaraºa…pe… anv±ssaveyyunti sa½varassa paµipakkha½ tattha ±d²nava½ dasseti. Sa½var±ya paµipajjat²ti pageva satiy± upaµµhapetabbata½ dasseti. Rakkhati cakkhundriyanti satiy± upaµµh±panameva cakkhundriyassa ±rakkh±ti dasseti. Cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjat²ti tath±bh³t± satiyevettha sa½varoti dasseti. V²tikkamassa vasen±ti sambandho. Channa½ sikkh±pad±nanti “±j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº± asanta½ abh³ta½ uttarimanussadhamma½ ullapat²”ti-±din± ±gat±na½ channa½ p±r±jik±dipaµisa½yutt±na½ sikkh±pad±na½. S±mantajappan±din± tividhena kuhanavatthun± vimh±pana½ kuhan±. Att±na½, d±yaka½ v± ukkhipitv± yath± so kiñci dad±ti, eva½ kathana½ lapan±. Nimitta½ vuccati paccayad±nasaññupp±daka½ k±yavac²kamma½, tena nimittena carati, nimitta½ v± karot²ti nemittiko, tassa bh±vo nemittikat±. Gandh±dayo viya l±bh±ya paresa½ akkosan±din± nipisat²ti nippeso, nippesova nippesiko, tassa bh±vo nippesikat±. Mahicchat±ya attan± laddhal±bhena parato l±bhapariyesan± l±bhena l±bha½ nijig²sanat±. Evam±d²nanti ±di-saddena anuppiyabh±ºit±c±µukamyat±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Paµisaªkh±nena paccavekkhaº±ya parisuddho asa½kiliµµho paµisaªkh±naparisuddho. Catt±ro paccay± paribhuñj²yanti eten±ti catupaccayaparibhogo, tath±pavatt± anavajjacetan±.