Cariy±vaººan±

43. Sant±ne r±gassa ussannabh±vena caraºa½ pavatti r±gacariy±, s± sassat±say±dayo viya daµµhabb±. Tath± dosacariy±dayo. Sa½saggo sampayog±rahavasena veditabbo, yath± “r±gamohacariy± dosamohacariy±”ti-±di. Sannip±to ekasantatipariy±pannat±vasena, yath± “r±gadosacariy± r±gadosamohacariy±”ti-±di. Im± eva hi sandh±ya “apar±pi catasso”ti vutta½. Tath±ti yath± r±g±d²na½, tath± saddh±d²na½ sa½saggasannip±tavasena saddh±buddhicariy± saddh±vitakkacariy± buddhivitakkacariy± saddh±buddhivitakkacariy±ti. Im± apar±pi catasso. Evanti sa½saggasannip±tavasena. Sa½sagganti sa½sajjana½ miss²karaºa½ “r±gasaddh±cariy± dosasaddh±cariy±”ti-±din±. Anek±ti tesaµµhi, tato atirek±pi v±, t± pana asammohantena sa½yuttasuttaµ²k±ya½ vitth±rato dassit±ti tattha vuttanayena veditabb±. “Pakat²”ti imin± asati paµipakkhabh±van±ya½ tattha tattha sant±ne cariy±ya sabh±vabh³tata½ dasseti. Ussannat± aññadhammehi r±g±d²na½ adhikat±, yato r±gacariy±d²na½ paccayasamav±ye r±g±dayo balavanto honti, abhiºhañca pavattanti. T±sa½ vasen±ti channa½ m³lacariy±na½ vasena cha¼eva puggal± honti. Aññath± anekapuggal± siyu½, tath± ca sati adhippetatthasiddhi ca na siy±ti adhipp±yo.
Saddh± balavat² hoti r±gussanne sant±ne tadanuguºassa dhammassa niyogato adhikabh±vasambhavato. Ten±ha “r±gassa ±sannaguºatt±”ti, sinehapariyesan±pariccajanehi sabh±gadhammatt±ti attho. Sabh±go hi d³repi ±sanneyev±ti sabh±gat±lakkhaºamidha ±sannaggahaºa½. Tattha saddh±ya siniyhana½ pas±davasena ak±lussiya½ al³khat± r±gassa pana rañjanavasena. Saddh±ya pariyesana½ adhimuccanavasena tanninnat±, r±gassa taºh±yanavasena. Saddh±ya apariccajana½ okappanavasena anupakkhandana½, r±gassa abhisaªgavasen±ti eva½ bhinnasabh±v±nampi tesa½ yath± al³khat±dis±maññena sabh±gat±, eva½ ta½samaªg²nampi puggal±nanti ±ha “r±gacaritassa saddh±carito sabh±go”ti.
Paññ± balavat² hoti dosussanne sant±ne tadanuguºassa dhammassa niyogato adhikabh±vasambhavato. Ten±ha “dosassa ±sannaguºatt±”ti, anall²yanapariyesanaparivajjanehi sabh±gadhammatt±ti attho. Tattha paññ±ya ±rammaºassa anall²yana½ tassa yath±sabh±v±vabodhavasena visa½saµµhat±, dosassa pana by±pajjanavasena. Paññ±ya pariyesana½ yath±bh³tadosapavicayo, dosassa abh³tadosanijig²s±. Paññ±ya parivajjana½ nibbindan±divasena ñ±ºutr±so, dosassa ahit±dh±navasena cha¹¹ananti eva½ bhinnasabh±v±nampi tesa½ yath± anall²yan±dis±maññena sabh±gat±, eva½ ta½samaªg²nampi puggal±nanti ±ha “dosacaritassa buddhicarito sabh±go”ti.
Antar±yakar± vitakk±ti micch±vitakk± micch±saªkapp± uppajjanti mohussanne sant±ne tadanuguºassa dhammassa yebhuyyena pavattisabbh±vato. Ten±ha “mohassa ±sannalakkhaºatt±”ti, anavaµµh±nacañcalabh±vehi sabh±gadhammatt±ti attho. Tattha vitakkassa anavaµµh±na½ parikappavasena savipph±rat±ya, mohassa samm³¼hat±vasena by±kulat±ya. Tath± vitakkassa lahuparivitakkanena tadaªgacalat±ya cañcalat±, mohassa anog±¼hat±y±ti eva½ bhinnasabh±v±nampi tesa½ yath± anavaµµh±n±dis±maññena sabh±gat±, eva½ ta½samaªg²nampi puggal±nanti ±ha “mohacaritassa vitakkacarito sabh±go”ti.
Taºh± r±goyeva sabh±vato, tasm± r±gacariy±vinimutt± taºh±cariy± natth²ti attho. Ta½sampayuttoti tena r±gena sampayutto, dos±dayo viya tena vippayutto natth²ti adhipp±yo. Tadubhayanti taºh±m±nadvaya½. N±tivattat²ti sabh±vato, sampayogavasena ca na atikkamitv± vaµµati. K±mañcettha yath± r±gadosehi sampayogavasena saha vattam±nassapi mohassa ussannat±vasena visu½ cariy±bh±vo, na kevala½ mohasseva, tath± saddh±buddhivitakk±na½. Eva½ r±gena satipi sampayoge m±nass±pi visu½ cariy±bh±vo yutto siy±, eva½ santepi r±gapaµigham±nadiµµhivicikicch±vijj±na½ viya anusayaµµho imesa½ r±g±d²na½yeva ±veºiko cariyaµµhoti, nattheva m±nacariy±. Yato cariy± “pakat²”ti vutt±. Pakati ca sabh±voti. Eteneva diµµhiy±pi visu½ cariy±bh±v±bh±vo sa½vaººitoti daµµhabbo. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana mohacariyantogadh±va diµµhicariy±ti dassetu½ “mohanid±natt± c±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ca-saddena sampayoga½ samuccinoti mohanid±natt±, mohasampayuttatt± c±ti.
44. Ki½ sapp±yanti k²disa½ sen±san±disapp±ya½. Pubb±ciººa½ purimaj±t²su ±carita½. Ekacceti upatissatthera½ sandh±y±ha. Tena hi vimuttimagge tath± vutta½. Pubbe kir±ti kira-saddo arucis³canattho. Iµµhappayogo man±pakiriy±. Subhakammabahulo yebhuyyena sobhanakammak±r². Na sabbe r±gacarit± eva honti, aluddh±nampi pubbe iµµhappayogasubhakammabahulat±sambhavato, sagg± cavitv± idh³papattisambhavato ca. Etena asati pubbahetuniy±me yath±vuttak±raºamattena na tesa½ luddhat±, luddhabh±vahetuk± ca r±gacariy±ti imamattha½ dasseti.
Itareti chedan±dikammabahul± niray±dito idh³papann± ca na sabbe dosamohacarit± eva hont²ti yojan±. Idh±pi yath±vuttak±raºassa kodhanabh±ve, m³¼habh±ve ca anekantikatt± dosamohacaritat±yapi aneka½sikat± veditabb±. Dh±t³na½ ussadaniyamo yadi pam±ºato, so natthi, atha s±matthiyato, sopi eka½siko na upalabbhat²ti dassento ±ha “yath±vutteneva nayena ussadaniyamo n±ma natth²”ti. Tattha yath±vuttenev±ti “dvinna½ pana dh±t³nan”ti-±din± vuttappak±reneva. Dosaniyameti semh±didos±dhikat±ya r±g±dicarito hot²ti dosavasena cariy±niyame “semh±dhiko r±gacarito”ti vatv± puna “semh±dhiko mohacarito”ti, “v±t±dhiko mohacarito”ti vatv± puna “v±t±dhiko r±gacarito”ti ca vuttatt± tampi dosavasena niyamavacana½ pubb±paraviruddhameva. Aparicchinnavacananti paricchedak±rik±ya paññ±ya na paricchinditv± vuttavacana½, anupaparikkhitavacananti attho.
Ussadakittaneti vip±kakath±ya½ gahita-ussadakittane. Pubbahetuniy±men±ti purimabhave pavattalobh±dihetuniy±mena. Niy±moti ca tesa½yeva lobh±d²na½ paµiniyato lubbhan±disabh±vo daµµhabbo. Lobho ussado etesanti lobhussad±, ussannalobh±, lobh±dhik±ti attho. Amohussad± c±ti ettha ca-saddo sampiº¹anattho. Tena ye ime lobhussadat±d²na½ pacceka½ vomissato ca cuddasa pabhed± icchit±, te anavasesato sampiº¹eti yath±vuttesu chasveva tesa½ antogadhatt±. Phalabh³t± cettha lobhussadat±dayo daµµhabb±.
Id±ni ta½ nesa½ lobhussadat±d²na½ pacceka½ vomissakat±di½ vibh±gena dassetu½ “yassa h²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Kamm±y³hanakkhaºeti kammakaraºavel±ya½. Lobho balav±ti lobho tajj±ya paccayas±maggiy± s±matthiyato adhiko hoti. Alobho mandoti tappaµipakkho alobho dubbalo. Katha½ panete lobh±lobh± aññamañña½ ujuvipaccan²kabh³t± ekakkhaºe pavattant²ti? Na kho paneta½ eva½ daµµhabba½ “ekakkhaºe pavattant²”ti. Nikantikkhaºa½ pana ±y³hanapakkhiyameva katv± eva½ vutta½. Eseva nayo sesesupi. Pariy±d±tunti abhibhavitu½ na sakkoti. Yo hi “eva½sundara½ eva½vipula½ eva½mahagghañca na sakk± d±tun”ti-±din± amuttac±gat±divasena pavatt±ya cetan±ya sampayutto alobho, so sammadeva lobha½ pariy±d±tu½ na sakkoti. Dosamoh±na½ anuppattiy±, t±disapaccayal±bhena ca ados±moh± balavanto. Tasm±ti lobh±dos±moh±na½ balavabh±vato, alobhadosamoh±nañca dubbalabh±vatoti vuttameva k±raºa½ pacc±masati. Soti ta½samaªg²puggalo. Tena kammen±ti tena lobh±di-upanissayavat± kusalakammun±. Sukhas²loti sakhilo. Tamevattha½ “akkodhano”ti pariy±yena vadati.
Purimanayenev±ti pubbe vuttanay±nus±rena mand± alobh±dos± lobhadose pariy±d±tu½ na sakkonti, amoho pana balav± moha½ pariy±d±tu½ sakkot²ti eva½ tattha tattha v±re yath±raha½ atidesattho veditabbo. Duµµhoti kodhano. Dandhoti mandapañño. S²lakoti sukhas²lo.
Ettha ca lobhavasena, dosamohalobhadosalobhamohadosamohalobhadosamohavasen±ti tayo ekak±, tayo duk±, eko tikoti lobh±di-ussadavasena akusalapakkheyeva satta v±r±, tath± kusalapakkhe alobh±di-ussadavasen±ti cuddasa v±r± labbhanti. Tattha alobhados±moh±, alobh±dosamoh±, alobhadosamoh± balavantoti ±gatehi kusalapakkhe tatiyadutiyapaµhamav±rehi dosussadamohussadadosamohussadav±r± gahit± eva honti, tath± akusalapakkhe lobh±dosamoh±, lobhados±moh±, lobh±dos±moh± balavantoti ±gatehi tatiyadutiyapaµhamav±rehi adosussada-amohussada-ados±mohussadav±r± gahit± ev±ti akusalakusalapakkhesu tayo tayo v±re antogadhe katv± aµµheva v±r± dassit±. Ye pana ubhayesa½ missat±vasena lobh±lobhussadav±r±dayo apare ek³napaññ±sa v±r± dassetabb±, te alabbhanato eva na dassit±. Na hi ekasmi½ sant±ne antarena avatthantara½ “lobho ca balav±, alobho c±”ti-±di yujjat²ti, paµipakkhavasena v± hi etesa½ balavadubbalabh±vo, sahaj±tadhammavasena v±. Tattha lobhassa t±va paµipakkhavasena alobhena anadhibh³tat±ya balavabh±vo, tath± dosamoh±na½ ados±mohehi. Alobh±d²na½ pana lobh±di-abhibhavanato, sabbesañca sam±naj±tiyamabhibhuyya pavattivasena sahaj±tadhammato balavabh±vo. Tena vutta½ aµµhakath±ya½ “lobho balav± alobho mando, ados±moh± balavanto dosamoh± mand±”ti. So ca nesa½ mandabalavabh±vo purim³panissayato tath± ±sayassa paribh±vitat±ya veditabbo.
Yo luddhoti vuttoti yo ussadakittane “luddho”ti vutto, aya½ idha cariy±vic±re “r±gacarito”ti veditabbo. Duµµhadandh±ti “duµµho, dandho”ti ca vutt± yath±kkama½ dosamohacarit±. Paññav±ti s±tisaya½ sappañño. Yato saddh±vitakkesu vijjam±nesupi buddhicaritoti vuccati. Alobh±dos±na½ balavabh±vo saddh³panissayat±ya vin± na hot²ti ±ha “aluddha-aduµµh± pasannapakatit±ya saddh±carit±”ti.
Ayañca nayo s±dh±raºato vuttoti nibbattitapubbahetuniy±mavaseneva buddhicarit±dikepi dassetu½ “yath± v±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha amohapariv±ren±ti amohaparikkhittena, upanissayato sampayogato ca paññ±ya abhisaªkhaten±ti attho. Sesapadattayepi eseva nayo. Lobh±din± vomissapariv±ren±ti ettha lobhamoh±din± aññamañña-aviruddhavomissapariv±ren±ti attho. Avirodho ca yugagg±havasena appavattiy± veditabbo. Tath± hi saddh±nus±ridhamm±nus±rigott±ni aññamaññampi bhinnasabh±v±neva. Eka½sena ca missakacariy±pi sampaµicchitabb± pubbahetuniy±mena cariy±siddhito. Tath± ceva ussadakittana½ pavatta½ yath±raha½ lobh±lobh±d²na½ vip±kassa paccayabh±vato. Ten±ha paµisambhid±magge (paµi. ma. 1.232)–
“Gatisampattiy± ñ±ºasampayutte katamesa½ aµµhanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti? Kusalakammassa javanakkhaºe tayo het³ kusal± tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±ya sahaj±tapaccay± honti, tena vuccati kusalam³lapaccay±pi saªkh±r±. Nikantikkhaºe dve het³ akusal± tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±ya sahaj±tapaccay± honti, tena vuccati akusalam³lapaccay±pi saªkh±r±. Paµisandhikkhaºe tayo het³ aby±kat± tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±ya sahaj±tapaccay± honti, tena vuccati n±mar³papaccay±pi viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºapaccay±pi n±mar³pan”ti–

¾di Pubbahetuniy±mena ca yath± tihetukassa paññ±veyyattiya½, na tath± duhetukassa. Yath± ca duhetukassa itikattabbat± nepakka½, na tath± ahetukassa. Eva½ lobhussad±dayo puggal± r±gacarit±dayo hont²ti niµµhamettha gantabbanti. Yath±vuttamattha½ nigamavasena dassetu½ “eva½ lobh±d²s³”ti-±di vutta½.

45. Tatr±ti tasmi½ pucch±vacane. Nayoti j±nananayo. Puggal±dhiµµh±nena vuttopi attho dhammamukheneva paññ±yat²ti dhamm±dhiµµh±nen±ha “cariy±yo vibh±vaye”ti. Pakatigamanen±ti akittimena sabh±vagamanena. C±turiyen±ti c±turabh±vena siªg±rena. Ukkuµikanti asamphuµµhamajjha½. Khaºanto viy±ti bh³mi½ khaºanto viya. Anuka¹¹hitanti p±danikkhepasamaye ka¹¹hanto viya p±da½ nikkhipati. Tenassa pada½ anuka¹¹hita½ pacchato añchita½ hoti. Pariby±kul±y±ti parito ±lu¼it±ya. Chambhito viy±ti vitth±yanto viya. Bh²to viy±ti keci. Sahas±nup²¼itanti aggap±dena, paºhiy± ca sahas±va sannirujjhita½. Vivaµµacchadass±ti vinivaµµacchadanassa pah²nakilesassa. Idam²disa½ padanti bhagavato pada½ disv± vadati.
P±s±dikanti pas±d±vaha½. Madhur±k±ranti iµµh±k±ra½. Thaddh±k±ranti thambhit±k±ra½. Ataram±noti nataram±no, saºikanti attho. Samodh±y±ti sammadeva odh±ya avikkhipitv±. Nipajjitv±ti k±yapas±raºalakkhaº±ya nipajj±ya seyy±ya nipajjitv± sayati nidd±yati. Pakkhittak±yoti avakkhittak±yo avaso viya sahas± patitak±yo. Dussaºµh±nanti vir³pasannivesa½. Vikkhittak±yoti ito cito ca khitta-aªgapaccaªgo.
Samparivattakanti samparivattitv±. ¾lo¼ayam±no v±lik±kacavar±ni ±kulayanto.
Nipuºamadhurasamasakkaccak±r²ti sukosalla½ sundara½ avisama½ s±bhisaªkh±rañca karaºas²lo. G±¼hathaddhavisamak±r²ti thira½ asithila½ visamañca karaºas²lo. Aparicchinna½ apariniµµhita½.
Mukhap³rakanti mukhassa p³raºa½ mahanta½. Arasapaµisa½ved²ti narasapaµisa½ved². Bh±jane cha¹¹entoti bhojanabh±jane sitth±ni cha¹¹ento. Mukha½ makkhentoti bahimukha½ makkhento.
Kilantar³po viy±ti tassa asahanena khedappatto viya. Aññ±ºupekkh±y±ti aññ±ºabh³t±ya upekkh±ya. Aññ±ºasaªkh±t±ya upekkh±y±ti keci.
M±y±d²su santadosapaµicchadanalakkhaº± m±y±. Asantaguºapak±sanalakkhaºa½ s±µheyya½. Unnatilakkhaºo m±no. Asantaguºasambh±van±mukhena paµiggahaºe amattaññut±lakkhaº± p±picchat±. Santaguºasambh±van±mukhena paµiggahaºe amattaññut±lakkhaº± mahicchat±. Sakal±bhena asantussanalakkhaº± asantuµµhit±. Vijjhanaµµhena siªga½, siªg±rat±n±garikabh±vasaªkh±ta½ kilesasiªga½. Attano sar²rassa, c²var±diparikkh±rassa ca maº¹anavasena pavatta½ loluppa½ c±palya½. Evam±dayoti ettha ±di-saddena ahirik±nottappamadappam±d±dayo saªgayhanti.
Par±par±dhassa upanayhanalakkhaºo upan±ho. Paresa½ guºamakkhaºalakkhaºo makkho. Parassa guºe ¹a½sitv± apanento viya yugagg±halakkhaºo pa¼±so. Parasampatti-us³yanalakkhaº± iss±. Attasampattinig³hanalakkhaºa½ macchariya½. Idha ±di-saddena dovacassat±p±pamittat±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo.
Anuss±hana½ thina½. Asattivigh±to middha½. Cetaso av³pasamo uddhacca½. Vippaµis±ro kukkucca½. Sa½sayo vicikicch±. Ayoniso da¼hagg±ho ±dh±nagg±hit±. Yath±gahitassa micch±g±hassa dubbiveµhiyat± duppaµinissaggiyat±. Idha ±di-saddena muµµhasacca-asampajaññ±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo.
Muttac±gat±ti vissaµµhac±gat± nissaªgaparicc±go. Yath± m±y±dayo, tath± pavatt± akusalakkhandh±, yath± ariy±na½ dassanak±mat±dayo, tath± pavatt± kusalakkhandh± veditabb±.
Pas±dan²yaµµh±na½ n±ma vatthuttaya½. Sa½vejan²yaµµh±n±ni j±ti-±d²ni. Kusal±nuyogeti kusaladhammabh±van±ya½. “Evañca evañca kariss±m²”ti kicc±na½ rattibh±ge parivitakkana½ ratti½ dh³m±yan±. Tath±vitakkit±na½ tesa½ divasabh±ge anuµµh±na½ div± pajjalan±. Hur±hura½ dh±van±ti ito cito ca tattha tattha ±rammaºe cittavosaggo. Tenev±ha “ida½ pure cittamac±ri c±rika½, yenicchaka½ yatthak±ma½ yath±sukhan”ti (dha. pa. 326), “cittamassa vidh±vat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.55) ca.
Dhammappavattidassan±di ca p±¼iya½, aµµhakath±yañca an±gatamev±ti na sakk± vattunti “sabb±k±ren±”ti vutta½. Kiñci kiñci ±gatampi atthev±ti hi adhipp±yo. “Na s±rato paccetabban”ti vatv± tattha k±raºa½ dassento “r±gacaritassa h²”ti-±dim±ha. Appam±davih±rinoti tattha vinidh±ya bh±va½ paµipajjanena appam±dak±rino. Bhinnalakkhaº± iriy±path±dayoti c±turiyena ac±turiyena saºika½, sahas± ca gaman±dayo. Na upapajjant²ti na yujjanti. Pucchitv± j±nitabbanti dhammappavatti-±di½ pucchitv± j±nitabba½.
46. Sapp±ya½ hita½, kilesavigh±t²ti attho. Adhotavedikanti aparisuddhaparikkhepavedika½. Bh³maµµhakanti bh³mitaleyeva uµµh±pita½ uparimatalarahita½. Ekato onatassa pabbatap±dassa heµµh±bh±go akatabhittibh³miparikammo akatapabbh±ro. Jatuk±bharitanti adhomukh±hi olambam±namukh±hi khuddakavaggul²hi paripuººa½. Oluggavilugganti chinnabhinna½. Ujjaªgala½ l³khadh³sara½ ch±y³dakarahita½. S²habyaggh±dibhayena s±saªka½. Dur³panti vir³pa½. Dubbaººanti asundaravaººa½, dussaºµh±na½ v±. J±l±k±rena katap³va½ j±lap³va½. S±ºi viya kharasamphassanti s±ºiphalako viya dukkhasamphassa½. Bh±rikabh±vena, antarantar± tunnakaraºena ca kicchapariharaºa½. ¾ºigaºµhik±hatoti ±ºin±, gaºµhiy± ca hatasobho. Ida½ r±gacaritassa sapp±ya½, evamassa kilesasamud±c±ro na hot²ti adhipp±yo. Eseva nayo sesesupi.
Dis±mukhanti dis±bhimukha½, abbhok±s±bhimukhanti adhipp±yo. Mah±kasiºanti mahanta½ kasiºamaº¹ala½. Sesa½ sen±san±d²su ya½ vattabba½ mohacaritassa, ta½ dosacaritassa vuttasadisameva.
Vitakkavidh±vanasseva paccayo hoti yath± ta½ ±yasmato meghiyattherassa. Dar²mukheti pabbatavivare. Parittanti suppasar±vamatta½.
Pabhedaparicchedato nid±naparicchedato vibh±vanaparicchedato sapp±yaparicchedatoti pacceka½ pariccheda-saddo yojetabbo. Vibh±van±ti “aya½ r±gacarito”ti-±din± j±nanavibh±van±. Ekaccakasiº±nussatiµµh±namattassa pasaªgena kathitatt± vutta½ “na ca t±va cariy±nuk³la½ kammaµµh±na½ sabb±k±rena ±vikatan”ti.