Dutiyas²lapañcakavaººan±

P±º±tip±t±d²nanti ±di-saddena adinn±d±n±d²na½ aggamaggavajjhakilesapariyos±n±na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Pah±n±d²ti ±di-saddena veramaºi-±d²na½ catunna½. Kesuci potthakesu “pah±navasen±”ti likhanti, s± pam±dalekh±. P±º±tip±tassa pah±na½ s²lanti hirottappakaruº±lobh±dipamukhena yena kusalacittupp±dena p±º±tip±to pah²yati, ta½ p±º±tip±tassa pah±na½ s²lanaµµhena s²la½. Tath± p±º±tip±t± virati veramaº² s²la½. P±º±tip±tassa paµipakkhacetan± cetan± s²la½. P±º±tip±tassa sa½varaºa½ pavesadv±rapidh±na½ sa½varo s²la½. P±º±tip±tassa av²tikkamana½ av²tikkamo s²la½. Adinn±d±nass±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Abhijjh±d²na½ pana anabhijjh±divasena pah±na½ veditabba½. Veramaº² cetan± ta½sampayutt± sa½var±v²tikkam± tappamukh± dhamm±.
Eva½ dasakusalakammapathavasena pah±nas²l±d²ni dassetv± id±ni sa-up±y±na½ aµµhanna½ sam±patt²na½, aµµh±rasanna½ mah±vipassan±na½, ariyamagg±nañca vasena t±ni dassetu½ “nekkhammen±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha nekkhammen±ti alobhappadh±nena kusalacittupp±dena. Kusal± hi dhamm± k±mapaµipakkh± idha “nekkhamman”ti adhippet±. Ten±ha “k±macchandassa pah±na½ s²lan”ti-±di. Tattha pah±nas²l±d²ni heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni. Visesameva vakkh±ma. Aby±p±den±ti mett±ya. ¾lokasaññ±y±ti vibh³ta½ katv± manasikaraºena upaµµhita-±lokasañj±nanena Avikkhepen±ti sam±dhin±. Dhammavavatth±nen±ti kusal±didhamm±na½ y±th±vanicchayena. Sapaccayan±mar³pavavatth±nen±tipi vadanti.
Eva½ k±macchand±din²varaºappah±nena “abhijjha½ loke pah±y±”ti-±din± (vibha. 538) vutt±ya paµhamajjh±n±dhigamassa up±yabh³t±ya pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya vasena pah±nas²l±d²ni dassetv± id±ni sa-up±y±na½ aµµhasam±patti-±d²na½ vasena dassetu½ “ñ±ºen±”ti-±di vutta½. N±mar³papariggahakaªkh±vitaraº±na½ hi vibandhabh³tassa mohassa d³r²karaºena ñ±tapariññ±ya µhitassa aniccasaññ±dayo sijjhanti. Tath± jh±nasam±patt²su abhiratinimittena p±mojjena. Tattha anabhiratiy± vinodit±ya jh±n±d²na½ samadhigamoti sam±pattivipassan±na½ arativinodana-avijj±pad±lan±din± up±yoti vutta½ “ñ±ºena avijj±ya, p±mojjena aratiy±”ti. Uppaµip±µiniddeso pana n²varaºasabh±v±ya avijj±ya heµµh±n²varaºesupi saªgahadassanatthanti daµµhabba½.
“Paµhamena jh±nena n²varaº±nan”ti-±d²su katha½ jh±n±na½ s²labh±vo, katha½ v± tattha viratiy± sambhavo. Suvisuddhak±yakamm±dikassa hi cittasam±d±navasena im±ni jh±n±ni pavattanti, na parittakusal±ni viya k±yakamm±divisodhanavasena, n±pi maggaphaladhamm± viya duccaritadur±j²vasamucchedapaµippassambhanavasen±ti? Saccameta½. Mahaggatadhammesu nippariy±yena natthi s²lanaµµho, kuto viramaºaµµho. Pariy±yena paneta½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Ko pana so pariy±yo? Yadaggena mahaggat± kusaladhamm± paµipakkhe pajahanti, tadaggena tato orat±. Te ca yath± citta½ n±rohanti, eva½ sa½vut± n±ma honti. Pariyuµµh±nasaªkh±to manodv±re v²tikkamo natthi etes³ti av²tikkam±ti ca vuccanti, cetan± pana ta½sampayutt±ti. Soyamattho parato ±gamissati. Evañca katv± vitakk±dipah±navacanampi samatthita½ hoti. Na hi nippariy±yato s²la½ kusaladhamm±na½ pah±yaka½ yujjati, na cettha akusalavitakk±dayo adhippet±. Kiñc±pi paµhamajjh±n³pac±reyeva dukkhassa, catutthajjh±n³pac±re ca sukhassa pah±na½ hoti, atisayapah±na½ pana sandh±ya vutta½ “catutthena jh±nena sukhadukkh±na½ pah±nan”ti. “¾k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattiy±”ti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ ±ruppakath±ya½ (visuddhi. 1.275 ±dayo) ±gamissati.
Aniccassa, aniccanti v± anupassan± anicc±nupassan±. Tebh³mikadhamm±na½ aniccata½ gahetv± pavatt±ya vipassan±yeta½ n±ma½. Niccasaññ±y±ti “saªkhatadhamm± nicc± sassat±”ti eva½ pavatt±ya micch±saññ±ya, saññ±ggahaºeneva diµµhicitt±nampi gahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Esa nayo ito par±supi. Nibbid±nupassan±y±ti saªkh±resu nibbindan±k±rena pavatt±ya anupassan±ya. Nandiy±ti sapp²tikataºh±ya. Vir±g±nupassan±y±ti virajjan±k±rena pavatt±ya anupassan±ya. R±gass±ti saªkh±resu r±gassa. Nirodh±nupassan±y±ti saªkh±r±na½ nirodhassa anupassan±ya. Yath± v± saªkh±r± nirujjhantiyeva, ±yati½ punabbhavavasena na uppajjanti, eva½ anupassan± nirodh±nupassan±. Tenev±ha “nirodh±nupassan±ya nirodheti no samudet²”ti (paµi. ma. 1.83). Muñcituk±mat±ya hi aya½ balappatt±. Saªkh±r±na½ paµinissajjan±k±rena pavatt± anupassan± paµinissagg±nupassan±. Paµisaªkh± santiµµhan± hi aya½ ¾d±nass±ti nicc±divasena gahaºassa. Santatisam³hakicc±rammaºavasena ekattagahaºa½ ghanasaññ±, tass± ghanasaññ±ya. ¾y³hanass±ti abhisaªkharaºassa. Saªkh±r±na½ avatth±divises±patti vipariº±mo. Dhuvasaññ±y±ti thirabh±vagahaºassa. Nimittass±ti sam³h±dighanavasena sakiccaparicchedat±ya ca saªkh±r±na½ saviggahat±ya. Paºidhiy±ti r±g±dipaºidhiy±, taºh±vasena saªkh±resu ninnat±y±ti attho. Abhinivesass±ti att±nudiµµhiy±. Aniccadukkh±divasena sabbatebh³makadhammatiraº± adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±. S±r±d±n±bhinivesass±ti as±resu s±ragahaºavipall±sassa. Yath±bh³tañ±ºadassana½ thirabh±vapatt± anicc±di-anupassan±va. Udayabbayañ±ºanti keci. Sappaccayan±mar³padassananti apare. “Issarakutt±divasena loko samuppanno”ti abhiniveso sammoh±bhiniveso. Ucchedasassat±bhinivesoti keci. “Ahosi½ nu kho ahamat²tamaddh±nan”ti-±dinayappavatt± (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20; mah±ni. 174) sa½say±patti sammoh±bhinivesoti apare. Saªkh±resu t±ºaleºabh±vagahaºa½ ±lay±bhiniveso. “¾layarat± ±layasammudit±”ti (d². ni. 2.67; ma. ni. 1.281; 2.337; sa½. ni. 1.172; mah±va. 7-8) vacanato ±layo taºh±. S± eva cakkh±d²su, r³p±d²su ca abhinivisanavasena pavattiy± ±lay±bhinivesoti apare. “Eva½ µhit± te saªkh±r± paµinissajj²yant²”ti pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ paµisaªkh±nupassan±. Appaµisaªkh± paµisaªkh±ya paµipakkhabh³t± mohappadh±n± akusaladhamm±. Vaµµato vigatatt± vivaµµa½ nibb±na½, tattha ninnabh±vasaªkh±tena anupassanena pavatti vivaµµ±nupassan±, saªkh±rupekkh± ceva anulomañ±ºañca. Saññog±bhiniveso sa½yujjanavasena saªkh±resu abhinivisana½.
Diµµhekaµµh±nanti diµµhiy± sahajekaµµh±nañca pah±nekaµµh±nañca. O¼±rik±nanti uparimaggavajjhe kilese up±d±ya vutta½. Aññath± dassanena pah±tabb±pi dutiyamaggavajjhehi o¼±rik±. Aºusahagat±nanti aºubh³t±na½, ida½ heµµhimamaggavajjhe up±d±ya vutta½. Sabbakiles±nanti avasiµµhasabbakiles±na½. Na hi paµhamamagg±d²hi pah²n± kiles± puna pah²yanti.
“Cittassa avippaµis±r±ya sa½vattant²”ti-±d²su sa½varo avippaµis±ratth±ya. “Avippaµis±ratth±ni kho, ±nanda, kusal±ni s²l±n²”ti (a. ni. 10.1) vacanato cetaso avippaµis±ratth±ya bhavanti. Avippaµis±ro p±mojjatth±ya. “Yoniso manasi karoto p±mojja½ j±yat²”ti (d². ni. 3.359) vacanato p±mojj±ya sa½vattanti. P±mojja½ p²tiy±. “Pamuditassa p²ti j±yat²”ti (d². ni. 1.466; 3.359; a. ni. 3.96; 6.10; 11.12) vacanato p²tiy± sa½vattanti. P²ti passaddhatth±ya. “P²timanassa k±yo passambhat²”ti (d². ni. 1.466; 3.359; a. ni. 3.96; 6.10; 11.12) vacanato passaddhiy± sa½vattanti. Passaddhi sukhatth±ya. “Passaddhak±yo sukha½ vedet²”ti (d². ni. 1.466; 3.359; a. ni. 3.96; 6.10; 11.12) vacanato somanass±ya sa½vattant²ti. “Sukhatth±ya sukha½ vedet²”ti cettha somanassa½ “sukhan”ti vutta½. ¾sevan±y±ti sam±dhissa ±sevan±ya. Nir±mise hi sukhe siddhe “sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyat²”ti (d². ni. 1.466; 3.359; a. ni. 3.96; 6.10; 11.12) vacanato sam±dhi siddhoyeva hoti, tasm± sam±dhissa ±sevan±ya paguºabalavabh±v±ya sa½vattant²ti attho. Bh±van±y±ti tasseva sam±dhissa va¹¹hiy±. Bahul²kamm±y±ti punappuna½ kiriy±ya. Alaªk±r±y±ti tasseva sam±dhissa pas±dhanabh³tasaddhindriy±dinipphattiy± alaªk±r±ya sa½vattanti. Parikkh±r±y±ti avippaµis±r±dikassa sam±dhisambh±rassa siddhiy± tasseva sam±dhissa parikkh±r±ya sa½vattanti. Sambh±rattho hi idha parikkh±ra-saddo. “Ye ca kho ime pabbajitena j²vitaparikkh±r± samud±netabb±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.191) viya sambh±roti ca paccayo veditabbo. K±mañc±ya½ parikkh±ra-saddo “ratho s²laparikkh±ro”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.4) alaªk±rattho. “Sattahi nagaraparikkh±rehi suparikkhatta½ hot²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 7.67) pariv±rattho vutto. Idha pana alaªk±rapariv±r±na½ visu½ gahitatt± “sambh±rattho”ti vutta½ Pariv±r±y±ti m³lak±raºabh±veneva sam±dhissa pariv±rabh³tasativ²riy±didhammavisesas±dhanena pariv±rasampattiy± sa½vattanti. P±rip³riy±ti vas²bh±vasamp±panena, vipassan±ya padaµµh±nabh±v±p±danena ca paripuººabh±vas±dhanato sam±dhissa p±rip³riy± sa½vattanti.
Eva½ suparisuddhas²lam³laka½ sabb±k±raparip³ra½ sam±dhi½ dassetv± id±ni “sam±hito paj±n±ti passati, yath±bh³ta½ j±na½ passa½ nibbindati, nibbinda½ virajjati vir±g± vimuccat²”ti (a. ni. 10.2; sa. ni. 3.14) vacanato s²lam³lak±ni sam±dhipadaµµh±n±ni payojan±ni dassetu½ “ekantanibbid±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Nibbid±ya hi dassit±ya tass± padaµµh±nabh³ta½ yath±bh³tañ±ºadassana½ dassitameva hoti, tasmi½ asati nibbid±ya asijjhanato. Nibbid±dayo atthato vibhatt± eva. Yath±bh³tañ±ºadassananti panettha sappaccayan±mar³padassana½ adhippeta½. Evamettha amatamah±nibb±napariyos±na½ s²lassa payojana½ dassitanti veditabba½.
Id±ni pah±n±d²su s²lattha½ dassetu½ “ettha c±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha pajahana½ anupp±danirodho pah±nanti tassa bh±vas±dhanata½ sandh±ya “pah±nanti koci dhammo n±ma natth²”ti vutta½. Yath± panassa dhammabh±vo sambhavati, tath± heµµh± sa½vaººitameva. Eva½ hissa s²labh±vo suµµhu yujjati. Ta½ ta½ pah±nanti “p±º±tip±tassa pah±na½, adinn±d±nassa pah±nan”ti eva½ vutta½ ta½ ta½ pah±na½. Tassa tassa kusaladhammass±ti p±º±tip±tassa pah±na½ mett±dikusaladhammassa, adinn±d±nassa pah±na½ c±g±dikusaladhammass±ti eva½ tassa tassa kusaladhammassa. Patiµµh±naµµhen±ti patiµµh±nabh±vena. Pah±na½ hi tasmi½ sati hoti, asati na hoti, tassa “patiµµh±nan”ti vattabbata½ labhat²ti katv± yasmi½ sant±ne p±º±tip±t±dayo tassa pakampahetavoti tappah±na½ vikamp±bh±vakaraºena ca sam±dh±na½ vutta½. Eva½ sesapah±nesupi vattabba½. Sam±dh±na½ saºµhapana½, sa½yamana½ v±. Itare catt±roti veramaºi-±dayo catt±ro dhamm± na pah±na½ viya voh±ramattanti adhipp±yo. Tato tatoti tamh± tamh± p±º±tip±t±dito. Tassa tass±ti p±º±tip±t±dikassa sa½varaºavasena, tassa tassa v± sa½varassa vasena. Tadubhayasampayuttacetan±vasen±ti veramaº²hi, sa½varadhammehi ca sampayutt±ya cetan±ya vasena. Ta½ ta½ av²tikkamantass±ti ta½ ta½ p±º±tip±t±di½ av²tikkamantassa puggalassa, dhammasam³hassa v± vasena cetaso pavattisabbh±va½ sandh±ya vutt±. Tasm± ekakkhaºepi labbhant²ti adhipp±yo.