349. Majjhimena pam±ºen±ti ±rohapariº±hehi majjhimasar²re labbham±nena majjhimena parim±ºena. Pariggayham±n±ti paññ±ya paritakketv± gayham±n±. Param±ºubhedasañcuºº±ti ettha yath± “aªgulassa aµµhamo bh±go yavo, yavassa aµµhamo bh±go ³k±, ³k±ya aµµhamo bh±go likkh±, likkh±ya aµµhamo bh±go rathareºu, rathareºussa aµµhamo bh±go tajj±r², tajj±riy± aµµhamo bh±go aºu, eva½ aºuno aµµhamo bh±go param±ºu n±m±”ti keci. Aµµhakath±ya½ (vibha. aµµha. 515) pana “sattadhaññam±sappam±ºa½ eka½ aªgula½, satta-³k±pam±ºo eko dhaññam±so, sattalikkh±pam±º± ek± ³k±, chatti½sarathareºuppam±º± ek± likkh±, chatti½satajj±rippam±ºo eko rathareºu, chatti½sa-aºuppam±º± ek± tajj±r², chatti½saparam±ºuppam±ºo eko aº³”ti vutta½. Tasm± aºuno chatti½satimabh±gamatto param±ºu n±ma ±k±sakoµµh±siko ma½sacakkhussa agocaro dibbacakkhusseva gocarabh³to. Ta½ sandh±y±ha “param±ºubhedasañcuºº±”ti, yath±vuttaparam±ºuppabhedena cuººavicuººabh³t±. Sukhumarajabh³t±ti tatoyeva ativiya sukhumarajabh±va½ gat±.
Doºamatt± siy±ti so¼asa n±¼imatt±. Idh±pi “majjhimena pam±ºen±”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Tena “pakatiy± catumuµµhika½ ku¹uva½, catuku¹uva½ n±¼i, t±ya n±¼iy± so¼asa n±¼iyo doºa½, ta½ pana magadhan±¼iy± dv±dasa n±¼iyo hont²”ti vadanti. Saªgahit±ti yath± na vippakirati, eva½ ±bandhanavasena sampiº¹itv± gahit±. Anup±lit±ti yath± paggharaºasabh±v±ya ±podh±tuy± vasena kilinnabh±va½, picchilabh±va½ v± n±pajjati, eva½ anurakkhit±. Vitthambhit±ti saªgh±tav±yun± ativiya vitthambhana½ p±pit±. Na vikirati na viddha½sat²ti sukhumarajabh³t±pi pathav²dh±tu ±bandhanaparip±canasamud²raºakicc±hi ±potejov±yodh±t³hi laddhapaccay± sinehena temit± tejas± paripakk± v±yun± vitthambhana½ p±pit± piµµhacuºº± viya na ito cito ca vikirati na viddha½sati, atha kho piº¹it± ghanabh³t± hutv± n±nappak±rena gahetabbata½ ±pajjati. Ten±ha “avikiriyam±n±”ti-±di. Tattha vikappanti vibh±ga½. Yadipi tejov±yodh±tuyopi saviggah± r³padhammabh±vato, y±diso pana ghanabh±vo pathav²-±podh±t³su labbhati na t±diso tejov±yodh±t³su labbhat²ti meyyabh±v±bh±vato tattha cuººabhedo na uddhaµo. Tath± hi sasambh±ratejov±y³supi meyyabh±vo na labbhateva.
Y³sagat±ti y³sabh±va½ dravabh±va½ gat±. Tato eva ±bandhan±k±rabh³t±. Na paggharat²ti na oga¼ati. Na parissavat²ti na vissandati. P²ºitap²ºitabh±va½ dasset²ti ±podh±tuy± br³hanarasat±ya vutta½.
Usum±k±rabh³t±ti etena k±ye p±katika-usm±pi gahaº²saªkh±t±ya tass±yeva tejodh±tuy± vasena hot²ti dasseti. Parip±cet²ti santejeti. S± hi yath±bhuttassa ±h±rassa samm± pariº±manena ras±disampattiy± hetubh±va½ gacchant² ima½ k±ya½ parip±ceti santejet²ti vuccati. Tenev±ha “na p³tibh±va½ dasset²”ti. Kamm³panissay±ya, cittappas±dahetuk±ya ca sar²re vaººasampad±ya tejodh±tu visesapaccayo, pageva utu-±h±rasamuµµh±n±ya r³pasampattiy± yath±vuttatejodh±t³ti ±ha “vaººasampattiñcassa ±vahat²”ti.
Samud²raºavitthambhanalakkhaº±ti ettha samud²raºa½ anupellana½, visosananti keci. Vitthambhana½ sesabh³tattayassa thambhitatt±p±dana½, upp²lananti eke. T±y±ti vitthambhanalakkhaº±ya v±yodh±tuy±. Apar±y±ti samud²raºalakkhaº±ya. S± hi pellanasabh±v±. Ten±ha “samabbh±hato”ti. Samabbh±hanañca r³pakal±passa desantaruppattiy± hetubh±vo. Avaghaµµana½ ±sannataruppattiy±. L±¼et²ti parivatteti. Id±ni yadattha½ cuººato manasik±ro ±gato, ta½ nigamanavasena dassetu½ “evametan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha dh±tuyantanti suttena viya yantar³paka½ asatipi kattubh³te attani cittavasena dh±tumaya½ yanta½ pavattati, idh±pi manasik±ravidhi vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
350. Yadipi catunna½ dh±t³na½ lakkhaº±dayo heµµh± tattha tattha vutt± eva, tath±pi te anavasesato dassetv± visu½ kammaµµh±napariggahavidhi½ dassetu½ “lakkhaº±dito”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha lakkh²yati eten±ti lakkhaºa½, kakkha¼atta½ lakkhaºametiss±ti kakkha¼attalakkhaº±. Nanu ca kakkha¼attameva pathav²dh±t³ti? Saccameta½, tath±pi viññ±t±viññ±tasaddatthat±vasena abhinnepi dhamme kappan±siddhena bhedena eva½ niddeso kato. Eva½ hi atthavises±vabodho hot²ti. Atha v± lakkh²yat²ti lakkhaºa½, kakkha¼atta½ hutv± lakkhiyam±n± dh±tu kakkha¼attalakkhaº±ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Ses±supi eseva nayo. Patiµµh±naras±ti sahaj±tadhamm±na½ patiµµh±bh±vakicc±. Tato eva nesa½ sampaµicchan±k±rena ñ±ºassa paccupatiµµhat²ti sampaµicchanapaccupaµµh±n±. Padaµµh±na½ panettha aññadhammat±ya na uddhaµa½, s±dh±raºabh±vasabbh±vato v± d³rak±raºa½ viya. Yath± v± dhammuddesav±ravaººan±d²su ras±din± aññesa½ paccayabh±va½ dassetv± paccayavantat±dassanattha½ padaµµh±na½ uddhaµa½, na evamidha. Idha pana dh±t³na½ anaññas±dh±raºavisesavibh±vanapar±ya codan±ya aññadhammabh³ta½ padaµµh±na½ na uddhaµanti daµµhabba½. Br³hanaras±ti sahaj±tadhamm±na½ va¹¹hanakicc±. Tath± hi s± nesa½ p²ºitabh±va½ dasset²ti vuccati. Saªgahapaccupaµµh±n±ti b±hira-udaka½ viya nh±n²yacuººassa sahaj±tadhamm±na½ saªgahaºapaccupaµµh±n±. Maddav±nuppad±napaccupaµµh±n±ti b±hiraggi viya jatuloh±d²na½ sahaj±tadhamm±na½ mudubh±v±nuppad±napaccupaµµh±n±. Abhin²h±ro bh³tasaªgh±µassa desantaruppattihetubh±vo, n²haraºa½ v± b²jato aªkurassa viya.
351. Utusamuµµh±n±va kamm±divasena anuppattito. Utucittasamuµµh±n± kad±ci ututo, kad±ci cittato uppajjanato. Avases±ti vutt±vases± kes±dayo catuv²sati, ±dito tayo tejokoµµh±s±, pañca v±yokoµµh±s± c±ti dvatti½sa. Sabbep²ti te sabbepi kamm±divasena uppajjanato catusamuµµh±n±. Kes±d²nampi hi ma½sato avimuttabh±go kamm±h±racittasamuµµh±nova hot²ti.
352. N±nattekattatoti visesas±maññato. Dhamm±na½ hi aññamañña½ visadisat± n±natta½, sam±nat± ekatta½. Sabb±samp²ti catunnampi. Salakkhaº±ditoti saka½ lakkhaºa½ salakkhaºa½, tato salakkhaº±dito. ¾di-saddena rasapaccupaµµh±n±na½ viya mudusaºhapharusabh±v±d²nampi saªgaho daµµhabbo. “Kammasamuµµh±n±divasena n±nattabh³t±nan”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu kammasamuµµh±n±divasena catunna½ dh±t³na½ ekatta½ hoti s±dh±raºatt±ti? Na, “aññ± eva dh±tuyo kammasamuµµh±n±, aññ± utu-±disamuµµh±n±”ti-±dika½ bheda½ sandh±ya tath± vacanato. Et±sa½ dh±t³na½. Ruppanalakkhaºa½ ruppanasabh±va½. Kimpaneta½ ruppana½ n±ma? Y± s²t±divirodhipaccayasannip±te visadisuppatti, tasmi½ v± sati yo vijjam±nasseva visadisuppattiy± hetubh±vo, ta½ ruppana½. Anat²tatt±ti apariccajanato.
Mahantap±tubh±vo cettha sasambh±radh±tuvasena veditabbo, tath± mah±vik±rat± mah±bh³tas±maññalakkhaºadh±tuvasena, mah±parih±rat±, mahattavijjam±nat± ca ubhayavasen±ti. Bh³tasadd±pekkh±ya “et±n²”ti napu½sakaniddeso. Mahant±ni p±tubh³t±ni anekasatasahassa r³pakal±pasaªgh±µat±ya sam³havasena, santativasena ca aparimitaparim±º±na½, anekayojan±y±mavitth±r±nañca uppajjanato. Catt±ri nahut±n²ti catt±ri dasasahass±ni. Devad±nav±d²na½ tig±vut±disar²ravasena mahant±ni p±tubh³t±ni.
Tatth±ya½ vacanattho– mahant±ni bh³t±ni j±t±ni nibbatt±n²ti mah±bh³t±n²ti. Anek±bh³tavisesadassanena, anekabbhutadassanena ca anekacchariyadassanavasena mahanto abbhuto, mahant±ni v± abh³t±ni etth±ti mah±bh³to, m±y±k±ro. Yakkh±dayo j±tivaseneva mahant± bh³t±ti mah±bh³t±, niru¼ho v± aya½ tesu mah±bh³tasaddo daµµhabbo. Pathav²-±dayo pana vañcakat±ya, aniddisitabbaµµh±nat±ya ca mah±bh³t± viya mah±bh³t±. Bh³tasaddassa ubhayaliªgat±ya napu½sakat± kat±. Tattha vañcakat± saya½ an²l±disabh±v±ni hutv± n²l±disabh±vassa upaµµh±pana½, anitthipuris±disabh±v±neva ca hutv± itthipuris±di-±k±rassa upaµµh±pana½. Tath± aññamaññassa anto, bahi ca aµµhit±na½yeva aññamañña½ niss±ya avaµµh±nato aniddisitabbaµµh±nat±. Yadi hi im± dh±tuyo aññamaññassa anto µhit±, na sakiccakar± siyu½ aññamaññ±nuppavesanato, atha bahi µhit± vinibbhutt± siyu½. Tath± sati avinibbhuttav±do h±yeyya, tasm± na niddisitabbaµµh±n±. Eva½ santepi patiµµh±n±din± yath±saka½ kiccavisesena ses±na½ tiººa½ tiººa½ upak±rik± honti, yena sahaj±t±din± paccayena paccay± honti. Ten±ha “na ca aññamañña½ niss±ya na tiµµhant²”ti. Man±peh²ti manoharehi c±turiyavantehi. Vaººasaºµh±navikkhepeh²ti k±¼as±mat±divaººehi, puthulavivarakisat±disaºµh±nehi, hatthabhamuk±divikkhepehi ca. Sarasalakkhaºanti sabh±vabh³ta½ lakkhaºa½, sakiccaka½ v± sabh±va½.
Mah±parih±ratoti ettha vacanattha½ vadanto ±ha “mahantehi…pe… bh³t±ni, mah±parih±r±ni v± bh³t±n²”ti. Tattha pacchimatthe purimapade uttarapadassa parih±ra-saddassa lopa½ katv± “mah±bh³t±n²”ti vutta½.
Tath± h²ti tato eva vik±rassa mahantatt± ev±ti ta½ vik±ra½ dassetu½ “bh³mito”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha accimatoti aggissa. Koµisatasahassa½ eka½ koµisatasahasseka½ cakkav±¼anti ta½ sabba½ ±º±khettabh±vena eka½ katv± vadati. Vil²yat²ti vipattikaramegh±bhivuµµhena kh±rudakena lavaºa½ viya vilaya½ gacchati viddha½sati. Kupiten±ti khubhitena. Vik²rat²ti vidhamati viddha½sati.
Anup±dinnesu vik±ramahatta½ dassetv± up±dinnesu dassento “patthaddho”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha kaµµhamukhena v±ti -saddo upamattho. Yath± kaµµhamukhena sappena ¹aµµho patthaddho hoti, eva½ pathav²dh±tuppakopena so k±yo kaµµhamukheva hoti, kaµµhamukhamukhagato viya patthaddho hot²ti attho. Atha v± -saddo avadh±raºattho. So “pathav²dh±tuppakopena v±”ti eva½ ±netv± sambandhitabbo. Ayañhettha attho– kaµµhamukhena ¹aµµhopi k±yo pathav²dh±tuppakopeneva patthaddho hoti, tasm± pathav²dh±tuy± aviyutto so k±yo sabbad± kaµµhamukhamukhagato viya hot²ti. -saddo v± aniyamattho, tatr±yamattho– kaµµhamukhena ¹aµµho k±yo patthaddho hoti v±, na v± hoti mant±gadavasena, pathav²dh±tuppakopena pana mant±gadarahito so k±yo kaµµhamukhamukhagato viya hoti ekantapatthaddhoti.
P³tiyoti kuthito. Santattoti sabbaso tatto samuppannad±ho. Sañchinnoti samantato chinno param±ºubhedasañcuººo ±yasmato upasenattherassa sar²ra½ viya. Mah±vik±r±ni bh³t±n²ti mah±vik±ravant±ni bh³t±ni mah±bh³t±n²ti purimapade uttarapadalopena niddeso daµµhabbo. “Pathav²”ti-±din± sabbalokassa p±kaµ±nipi vipall±sa½ muñcitv± yath±sabh±vato pariggaºhane mahantena v±y±mena vin± na pariggaºhant²ti duviññeyyasabh±vatt± “mahant±n²”ti vuccanti. T±ni hi suviññeyy±ni. “Amahant±n²”ti mantv± µhit± tesa½ duppariggahata½ disv± “aho mahant±ni et±n²”ti j±n±t²ti mah±bh³tekadesat±d²hi v± k±raºehi mah±bh³t±ni. Et± hi dh±tuyo mah±bh³tekadesato, mah±bh³tas±maññato, mah±bh³tasannissayato, mah±bh³tabh±vato, mah±bh³tapariyos±nato c±ti imehipi k±raºehi “mah±bh³t±n²”ti vuccanti.