Catudh±tuvavatth±nabh±van±vaŗŗan±

306. “Eka½ vavatth±nanti eva½ uddiµµhassa catudh±tuvavatth±nassa bh±van±niddeso anuppatto”ti uddeso n±ma niddesattho mudumajjhapańń±b±hullato ±gato ca bh±ro avassa½ vahitabboti katv± vutta½. Tattha satipi visayabhedena vavatth±nassa bhede vavatth±nabh±vas±mańńena pana ta½ abhinna½ katv± vutta½ “eka½ vavatth±nan”ti, pubbabh±ge v± satipi visayabhede atthasiddhiya½ tassa ekavisayat±v±ti “eka½ vavatth±nan”ti vutta½. Yath± hi dvatti½s±k±re kamma½ karontassa yogino yadipi pubbabh±ge visu½ visu½ koµµh±sesu manasik±ro pavattati, aparabh±ge pana ekasmi½ khaŗe ekasmi½yeva koµµh±se atthasiddhi hoti, na sabbesu, evamidh±p²ti. Tattha siy±– yath± paµikk³labh±vas±mańńena dvatti½s±k±rakammaµµh±ne abhedato manasik±ro pavattati, eva½ idha dh±tubh±vas±mańńena abhedato manasik±ro pavattat²ti “eka½ vavatth±nan”ti vuttanti? Nayidameva½. Tattha hi paŗŗattisamatikkamato paµµh±ya paµikk³lavaseneva sabbattha manasik±ro pavattetabbo, idha pana sabh±vasarasalakkhaŗato dh±tuyo manasi k±tabb±, na dh±tubh±vas±mańńato. Tenev±ha “sabh±v³palakkhaŗavasena sanniµµh±nan”ti. Ki½ v± etena papańcena, ańńehi ek³nacatt±l²s±ya kammaµµh±nehi asa½saµµha½ catudh±tuvavatth±na½ n±ma eka½ kammaµµh±nanti dassetu½ “eka½ vavatth±nan”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½. “Catudh±tuvavatth±nassa bh±van±niddeso”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu catudh±tuvavatth±na½ bh±van±va? Sacca½ bh±van±va, saki½ pavatta½ pana vavatth±na½, tassa bahul²k±ro bh±van±ti vacanabhedena vutta½. Katha½ pana bh±van± niddis²yati tass± vac²gocar±tikkantabh±vatoti? N±ya½ doso bh±vanatthe bh±van±voh±rato. Bh±vanattho hi kammaµµh±napariggaho idha “bh±van±”ti adhippeto.
Sabh±v³palakkhaŗavasen±ti kakkha¼att±dikassa salakkhaŗassa upadh±raŗavasena. Ida½ hi kammaµµh±na½ pathav²kasiŗ±dikammaµµh±na½ viya na paŗŗattimattasallakkhaŗavasena, n²lakasiŗ±dikammaµµh±na½ viya na n²l±divaŗŗasallakkhaŗavasena, n±pi vipassan±kammaµµh±na½ viya saŖkh±r±na½ aniccat±dis±mańńalakkhaŗasallakkhaŗavasena pavattati, atha kho pathav²-±d²na½ sabh±vasallakkhaŗavasena pavattati. Tena vutta½ “sabh±v³palakkhaŗavasen±”ti, kakkha¼att±dikassa salakkhaŗassa upadh±raŗavasen±ti attho. Sanniµµh±nanti ń±ŗavinicchayo veditabbo, na yev±panakavinicchayo, n±pi vitakk±divinicchayo Dh±tumanasik±roti dh±t³su manasik±ro, catasso dh±tuyo ±rabbha bh±van±manasik±roti attho. K±tabbato kamma½, yogino sukhavises±na½ k±raŗabh±vato µh±nańc±ti kammaµµh±na½, catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ sabh±vasallakkhaŗavasena pavatta½ yogakamma½. Ten±ha “dh±tumanasik±ro, dh±tukammaµµh±na½, catudh±tuvavatth±nanti atthato ekan”ti. Tayida½ catudh±tuvavatth±na½. “Dvidh± ±gatan”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu dh±tuvibhaŖge n±tisaŖkhepavitth±ravasena ±gata½, tasm± “tidh± ±gatan”ti vattabbanti? Na, tatth±pi ajjhattik±na½ dh±t³na½ pabhedato anavasesapariy±d±nassa katatt±, b±hir±nańca dh±t³na½ pariggahitatt± Atha v± dvidh± ±gatanti ettha dvidh±va ±gatanti na eva½ niyamo gahetabbo, atha kho dvidh± ±gatamev±ti, tena tatiyass±pi pak±rassa saŖgaho siddho hoti. So ca n±tisaŖkhepavitth±ranayo “saŖkhepato ca vitth±rato c±”ti ettha ±vuttivasena, ca-saddeneva v± saŖgahoti daµµhabbo. Atha v± yo n±tisaŖkhepavitth±ranayena atisaŖkhepapaµikkhepamukhena labbham±no vitth±rabh±go, ta½ vitth±ranayantogadhameva katv± vutta½ “dvidh± ±gatan”ti. Evańca katv± “n±titikkhapańńassa dh±tukammaµµh±nikassa vasena vitth±rato ±gatan”ti idańca vacana½ samatthita½ hoti. “Mah±satipaµµh±ne”ti ca ida½ nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½, satipaµµh±na(d². ni. 2.378 ±dayo; ma. ni. 3.111 ±dayo) k±yagat±satisutt±d²supi (ma. ni. 3.153 ±dayo) tatheva ±gatatt±. R±hulov±deti mah±r±hulov±de (ma. ni. 2.113 ±dayo). Dh±tuvibhaŖgeti dh±tuvibhaŖgasutte (ma. ni. 3.342 ±dayo), abhidhamme dh±tuvibhaŖge (vibha. 172 ±dayo) ca.
K±ma½ mah±satipaµµh±ne atthena upama½ pariv±retv± desan± ±gat±, upam± ca n±ma y±vadeva upameyyatthavibh±vanatth±ti upama½ t±va dassetv± upameyyattha½ vibh±vetu½ “seyyath±p²”ti-±din± p±¼i ±n²t±. Kasm± panettha dh±tuvasena, tatthapi catumah±bh³tavasena kammaµµh±naniddeso katoti? Sattasuńńat±sandassanattha½, ettha dh±tuvasena, tatth±pi o¼±rikabh±vena sup±kaµat±ya, ekaccaveneyyajanacarit±nukulat±ya ca mah±bh³tavasena kammaµµh±naniddeso katoti veditabbo. Tattha pathav²dh±t³ti-±d²su dh±tuttho n±ma sabh±vattho, sabh±vattho n±ma suńńatattho, suńńatattho n±ma nissattattho. Eva½ sabh±vasuńńatanissattatthena pathav²yeva dh±tu pathav²dh±tu. ¾podh±tu±d²supi eseva nayo. Pathav²dh±t³ti sahajar³padhamm±na½ patiµµh± dh±tu, tath± ±podh±t³ti ±bandhanadh±tu, tejodh±t³ti parip±canadh±tu, v±yodh±t³ti vitthambhanadh±t³ti evamettha sam±so, bh±vattho ca veditabbo. Ayamettha saŖkhepo, vitth±ro pana parato ±gamissati.
Eva½ tikkhapańńass±ti-±d²su evanti yath±dassita½ p±¼i½ pacc±masati. N±titikkhapańńassa vitth±radesan±ti katv± ±ha “tikkhapańńass±”ti. Yath± vatthayuga½ arahat²ti vatthayugiko, eva½ dh±tukammaµµh±na½ arahati, dh±tukammaµµh±napayojanoti v± dh±tukammaµµh±niko, tassa dh±tukammaµµh±nikassa.
Chekoti ta½ta½samańń±ya kusalo, yath±j±te s³nasmi½ naŖguµµhakhuravis±ŗ±divante aµµhima½s±di-avayavasamud±ye avibhatte g±v²samańń±, na vibhatte, vibhatte pana aµµhima½s±di-avayavasamańń±ti j±nanako. Gogh±takoti j²vikatth±ya gunna½ gh±tako. Antev±s²ti kammakaraŗavasena tassa sam²pav±s² tassa tanniss±ya j²vanato. Vinivijjhitv±ti ekasmi½ µh±ne ańńa½ vinivijjhitv±. Mah±path±na½ vemajjhaµµh±nasaŖkh±teti catunna½ mah±path±na½ t±ya eva vinivijjhanaµµh±nasaŖkh±te. Yasm± te catt±ro mah±path± cat³hi dis±hi ±gantv± samohit± viya honti, tasm± ta½ µh±na½ catumah±path±na½, tasmi½ catumah±pathe. Vil²yanti bhijjanti vibhajjant²ti b²l±, bh±g±, va-k±rassa ba-k±ra½, i-k±rassa ca ²-k±ra½ katv±. Tameva hi bh±gattha½ dassetu½ “koµµh±sa½ katv±”ti vutta½. Kińc±pi µhita-saddo “µhito v±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 5.28) viya µh±nasaŖkh±ta-iriy±pathasamaŖgit±ya, gatinivatti-atthat±ya v± µh±-saddassa ańńattha µhapetv± gamana½ sesa-iriy±pathasamaŖgit±ya bodhako, idha pana yath± tath± r³pak±yassa pavatti-±k±rabodhako adhippetoti ±ha “catunna½ iriy±path±na½ yena kenaci ±k±rena µhitatt± yath±µhitan”ti Tattha ±k±ren±ti µh±n±din± r³pak±yassa pavatti-±k±rena. Żh±n±dayo hi iriy±saŖkh±t±ya k±yikakiriy±ya pavattiµµh±nat±ya “iriy±path±”ti vuccanti. Yath±µhitanti yath±pavatta½. Yath±vuttaµµh±namevettha paŗidh±nanti adhippetanti ±ha “yath±µhitatt±va yath±paŗihitan”ti. Żhitanti v± k±yassa µh±nasaŖkh±ta-iriy±pathasam±yogaparid²pana½. Paŗihitanti tadańńa-iriy±pathasam±yogaparid²pana½. Żhitanti v± k±yasaŖkh±t±na½ r³padhamm±na½ tasmi½ tasmi½ khaŗe sakiccavasena avaµµh±naparid²pana½. Paŗihitanti paccayakiccavasena tehi tehi paccayehi pak±rato nihita½ paŗihitanti evamettha attho veditabbo. Dh±tusoti dh±tu½ dh±tu½ pathav²-±didh±tu½ visu½ visu½ katv±. Paccavekkhat²ti pati pati avekkhati ń±ŗacakkhun± vinibbhujitv± passati.
Yath± chekoti-±din± p±¼iy± saddatthavivaraŗavasena vuttamevattha½ id±ni bh±vatthavibh±vanavasena dassetu½ “yath± gogh±takass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha posentass±ti ma½s³pacayaparibr³han±ya kuŗ¹akabhattakapp±saµµhi-±d²hi sa½va¹¹hentassa. Vadhita½ matanti hi½sita½ hutv± mata½. Matanti ca matamatta½. Tenev±ha “t±vadev±”ti. G±v²ti sańń± na antaradh±yati y±ni aŖgapaccaŖg±ni up±d±ya g±v²samańń±, matamatt±yapi g±viy± tesa½ sannivesassa avinaµµhatt±. Bil±soti bila½ bila½ katv±. Vibhajitv±ti aµµhisaŖgh±tato ma½sa½ vivecetv±, tato v± vivecita½ ma½sa½ bh±gaso katv±. Tenev±ha “ma½sasańń± pavattat²”ti. Pabbajitassapi apariggahitakammaµµh±nassa. Ghanavinibbhoganti santatisam³hakiccaghan±na½ vinibbhujana½ vivecana½. Dh±tuso paccavekkhatoti yath±vutta½ ghanavinibbhoga½ katv± dh±tuso paccavekkhantassa. Sattasańń±ti att±nudiµµhivasena pavatt± sattasańń±ti vadanti, voh±ravasena pavattasattasańń±yapi tad± antaradh±na½ yuttameva y±th±vato ghanavinibbhogassa samp±danato. Eva½ hi sati yath±vutta-opammatthena opameyyattho ańńadatthu sa½sandati sameti. Tenev±ha “dh±tuvaseneva citta½ santiµµhat²”ti.
307. Eva½ dh±tukammaµµh±nassa saŖkhepato ±gataµµh±na½ dassetv± id±ni vitth±rato ±gataµµh±na½ dassetu½ “mah±hatthipad³pame pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Evanti imin± r±hulov±da- (ma. ni. 2.113 ±dayo) dh±tuvibhaŖgesu (ma. ni. 3.342 ±dayo; vibha. 172 ±dayo) dh±tukammaµµh±nassa vitth±rato ±gamanameva upasa½harati, na sabba½ desan±naya½ ańńath±pi tattha desan±nayassa ±gatatt±.
Tatr±ti tasmi½ yath±dassite mah±hatthipad³pamap±µhe. Ajjhattik±ti sattasant±napariy±pann±. Ajjhatta½ paccattanti padadvayen±pi ta½ta½p±µipuggalikadhammo vuccat²ti ±ha “ubhayampi niyakassa adhivacanan”ti. Sasantatipariy±pannat±ya pana attani gahetabbabh±v³pagamanavasena att±na½ adhikicca pavatta½ ajjhatta½. Ta½ta½santatipariy±pannat±ya paccatta½. Tenev±ha “attani pavattatt± ajjhatta½, att±na½ paµicca paµicca pavattatt± paccattan”ti. Kakkha¼anti kathina½. Yasm± ta½ thaddhabh±vena sahaj±t±na½ patiµµh± hoti, tasm± “thaddhan”ti vutta½. Kharigatanti khar²su kharasabh±vesu gata½ tappariy±panna½, kharasabh±vamev±ti attho. Yasm± pana kharasabh±va½ pharus±k±rena upaµµh±nato pharus±k±ra½ hoti, tasm± vutta½ “pharusan”ti. Ten±ha “dutiya½ ±k±ravacanan”ti. Up±dinna½ n±ma sar²raµµhaka½. Ta½ pana kammasamuµµh±nata½ sandh±ya up±dinnampi atthi anup±dinnampi, taŗh±d²hi ±dinnagahitapar±maµµhavasena sabbampeta½ up±dinnamev±ti dassetu½ “up±dinnanti da¼ha½ ±dinnan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha “maman”ti gahita½ “ahan”ti par±maµµhanti yojan±. Seyyathidanti kathetukamyat±pucch±v±c²ti ±ha “ta½ katamanti ceti attho”ti. Tatoti pacch±. Tanti ta½ ajjhattik±dibhedato dassita½ pathav²dh±tu½. Dassentoti vatthuvibh±gena dassento. Kińc±pi matthaluŖga½ aµµhimińjeneva saŖgahetv± idha p±¼iya½ visu½ na uddhaµa½, paµisambhid±magge (paµi. ma. 1.4) pana v²satiy± ±k±rehi paripuŗŗa½ katv± dassetu½ visu½ gahitanti tampi saŖgaŗhanto thaddhabh±v±dhikat±ya pathav²dh±tukoµµh±sesuyeva “matthaluŖga½ pakkhipitv± v²satiy± ±k±rehi pathav²dh±tu niddiµµh±ti veditabb±”ti ±ha. “Ya½ v± panańńampi kińc²”ti v± imin± p±¼iya½ matthaluŖgassa saŖgaho daµµhabbo. Tasm± idha “ya½ v± panańńampi kińc²”ti ida½ pubb±par±pekkha½ “matthaluŖga½ pakkhipitv± v²satiy± ±k±rehi pathav²dh±tu niddiµµh±ti veditabb±, ya½ v± panańńampi kińc²”ti vacanato. Puna ya½ v± panańńampi kińc²ti avasesesu t²su koµµh±ses³ti yojetabba½. T²su koµµh±ses³ti tippak±resu koµµh±sesu. Na hi te tayo koµµh±s±.