11. Sam±dhiniddesavaººan±

¾h±repaµikk³labh±van±vaººan±

294. Uddeso n±ma niddesattho mudumajjhimapaññ±b±hullato, ±gato ca bh±ro avassa½ vahitabboti ±ha “ek± saññ±ti eva½ uddiµµh±ya ±h±re paµikk³lasaññ±ya bh±van±niddeso anuppatto”ti. Tatth±ya½ saññ±-saddo “r³pasaññ± saddasaññ±”ti-±d²su (mah±ni. 14) sañj±nanalakkhaºe dhamme ±gato, “aniccasaññ± dukkhasaññ±”ti-±d²su vipassan±ya½ ±gato, “uddhum±takasaññ±ti v± sop±kar³pasaññ±ti v± ime dhamm± ekatth± ud±hu n±natth±”ti-±d²su samathe ±gato. Idha pana samathassa parikamme daµµhabbo. ¾h±re hi paµikk³l±k±raggahaºa½, tappabh±vita½ v± upac±rajjh±na½ idha “±h±re paµikk³lasaññ±”ti adhippeta½. Tattha yasmi½ ±h±re paµikk³lasaññ± bh±vetabb±, tattha nibbedavir±gupp±dan±ya tappasaªgena sabbampi ±h±ra½ kiccappabhed±d²navopammehi vibh±vetu½ “±harat²ti ±h±ro”ti-±di ±raddha½.
Tattha ±harat²ti ±h±rapaccayasaªkh±tena uppattiy±, µhitiy± v± paccayabh±vena attano phala½ ±neti nibbatteti pavatteti c±ti attho. Kaba¼a½ kar²yat²ti kaba¼²k±ro, vatthuvasena ceta½ vutta½, lakkhaºato pana oj±lakkhaºo veditabbo, kaba¼²k±ro ca so yath±vuttenatthena ±h±ro c±ti kaba¼²k±r±h±ro. Esa nayo sesesupi. Phusat²ti phasso. Aya½ hi ar³padhammopi sam±no ±rammaºe phusan±k±reneva pavattati. Tath± hi so phusanalakkhaºoti vuccati. Cetayat²ti cetan±, attano sampayuttadhammehi saddhi½ ±rammaºe abhisandahat²ti attho, manosannissit± cetan± manosañcetan±. Upapattiparikappanavasena vij±n±t²ti viññ±ºa½. Evamettha s±maññatthato, visesatthato ca ±h±r± veditabb±. Kasm± panete catt±rova vutt±, aññe dhamm± ki½ attano phalassa paccay± na hont²ti? No na honti, ime pana tath± ca honti aññath± c±ti sam±nepi paccayabh±ve atirekapaccay± honti, tasm± ±h±r±ti vuccanti.
Katha½? Etesu hi paµhamo saya½ yasmi½ kal±pe tappariy±pann±na½ yath±raha½ paccayo hontova ojaµµhamaka½ r³pa½ ±harati, dutiyo tisso vedan± ±harati, tatiyo t²su bhavesu paµisandhi½ ±harati, catuttho paµisandhikkhaºe n±mar³pa½ ±harati. Ten±ha “kaba¼²k±r±h±ro”ti-±di. Ettha ca kammaj±dibhedabhinn± oj± sati paccayal±bhe dve tisso paveºiyo ghaµent² ojaµµhamakar³pa½ ±harati, sukhavedan²y±dibhedabhinno phass±h±ro yath±raha½ tisso vedan± ±harati, puññ±bhisaªkh±r±dibhedabhinno manosañcetan±h±ro k±mabhav±d²su t²su bhavesu yath±raha½ saviññ±ºa½, aviññ±ºañca paµisandhi½ ±harati, viññ±º±h±ro yath±paccaya½ paµisandhikkhaºe n±ma½ r³pa½, n±mar³pañca ±harat²ti daµµhabba½. Atha v± upatthambhakaµµhena ime eva dhamm± ±h±r±ti vutt±. Yath± hi kaba¼²k±r±h±ro r³pak±yassa upatthambhakaµµhena paccayo, eva½ ar³pino ±h±r± sampayuttadhamm±na½. Tath± hi vutta½ “kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro imassa k±yassa ±h±rapaccayena paccayo, ar³pino ±h±r± sampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ ±h±rapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.15). Aparo nayo– ajjhattikasantatiy± visesapaccayatt± kaba¼²k±r±h±ro, phass±dayo ca tayo dhamm± ±h±r±ti vutt±. Visesapaccayo hi kaba¼²k±r±h±rabhakkh±na½ satt±na½ r³pak±yassa kaba¼²k±r±h±ro, n±mak±ye vedan±ya phasso, viññ±ºassa manosañcetan±, n±mar³passa viññ±ºa½. Yath±ha “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, aya½ k±yo ±h±raµµhitiko, ±h±ra½ paµicca tiµµhati, an±h±ro no tiµµhati (sa½. ni. 5.183). Tath± phassapaccay± vedan±, saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pan”ti (ud±. 1; mah±va. 1; netti. 24).
Kaba¼²k±r±h±reti kaba¼²k±re ±h±re nikanti taºh±, ta½ bhaya½ anatth±vahato. Gadhitassa hi ±h±raparibhogo anatth±ya hoti. Hetu-atthe bhumma½. Eva½ sesesu. Nikant²ti nik±man± chandar±go Bh±yati etasm±ti bhaya½, nikanti eva bhaya½ nikantibhaya½. Kaba¼²k±r±h±rahetu imesa½ satt±na½ chandar±go bhaya½ bhay±naka½ diµµhadhammik±dibhedassa anatthassa sakalass±pi vaµµadukkhassa hetubh±vato. Tenev±ha “kaba¼²k±re ce, bhikkhave, ±h±re atthi r±go, atthi nand², atthi taºh±, patiµµhita½ tattha viññ±ºa½ viru¼han”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 2.64; kath±. 296; mah±ni. 7). Upagamana½ appah²navipall±sassa ±rammaºena samodh±na½ saªgati sukhavedan²y±diphassuppatti bhaya½ bhay±naka½ t²hi dukkhat±hi aparimuccanato. Ten±ha “sukhavedan²ya½, bhikkhave, phassa½ paµicca uppajjati sukh± vedan± (sa½. ni. 4.129), tassa vedan±paccay± taºh±…pe… dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hot²”ti (ud±. 1). Tattha tattha bhave upapajjati eten±ti upapatti, upapajjana½ v± upapatti, khipana½ bhaya½ bhay±naka½ upapattim³lakehi byasanehi aparimuttato. Ten±ha “avidv±, bhikkhave, purisapuggalo puññañce saªkh±ra½ abhisaªkharoti, puññupaga½ bhavati viññ±ºa½. Apuññañce saªkh±ra½ abhisaªkharoti, apuññupaga½ bhavati viññ±ºan”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 2.51). Paµisandh²ti bhavantar±d²hi paµisandh±na½, ta½ bhaya½ bhay±naka½ paµisandhinimittehi dukkhehi avimuccanato. Ten±ha “viññ±ºe ce, bhikkhave, ±h±re atthi r±go, atthi nand², atthi taºh±, patiµµhita½ tattha viññ±ºa½ viru¼han”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 2.64).
Puttama½s³pamena ov±dena d²petabbo nicchandar±gaparibhog±ya. Eva½ hi tattha nikantibhaya½ na hoti. Niccamm± g±v² ya½ ya½ µh±na½ upagacchati, tattha tattheva na½ p±ºino kh±dantiyeva. Eva½ phasse sati vedan± uppajjati, vedan± ca dukkhasall±dito daµµhabb±ti phasse ±d²nava½ passantassa upagamanabhaya½ na hot²ti ±ha “phass±h±ro niccammag±v³pamena d²petabbo”ti. Ek±dasahi agg²hi sabbaso ±ditt± bhav± aªg±rak±susadis±ti passato upapattibhaya½ na hot²ti ±ha “manosañcetan±h±ro aªg±rak±s³pamena d²petabbo”ti. Corasadisa½ viññ±ºa½ anatthap±tato, pah±rasadis² vedan± duradhiv±satoti sammadeva passato paµisandhibhaya½ na hot²ti ±ha “viññ±º±h±ro sattisat³pamena d²petabbo”ti.
Eva½ kicc±dimukhena ±h±resu ±d²nava½ vibh±vetv± id±ni tattha yath±dhippeta½ ±h±ra½ niddh±retv± paµikk³lato manasik±ravidhi½ dassetu½ “imesu pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Up±d±yar³paniddesepi “kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro”ti (dha. sa. 595) ±gatatt± tato visesento “asitap²takh±yitas±yitappabhedo”ti ±ha, bh³takathana½ v± eta½. Tattha asitap²takh±yitas±yitappabhedoti asitabbap±tabbakh±yitabbas±yitabbavibh±go k±labhedavacanicch±ya abh±vato yath± “duddhan”ti. Kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro v±ti avadh±raºa½ yath± phass±h±r±dinivattana½, eva½ oj±h±ranivattanampi daµµhabba½. Savatthuko eva hi ±h±ro idha kammaµµh±nabh³to, tena ±har²yat²ti ±h±roti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. ¾harat²ti ±h±roti aya½ panattho nibbattita-oj±vasena veditabbo. Imasmi½ attheti imasmi½ kammaµµh±nasaªkh±te atthe. Uppann± saññ±ti saññ±s²sena bh±vana½ vadati. Tath± hi vakkhati “paµikk³l±k±raggahaºavasena pan±”ti-±di (visuddhi. 1.305).
Kammaµµh±na½ uggahetv±ti kammaµµh±na½ pariyattidhammato, atthato ca suggahita½ sumanasikata½ s³padh±rita½ katv±. Ten±ha “uggahato ekapadampi avirajjhanten±”ti. Tattha uggahatoti ±cariyuggahato. Ekapadamp²ti ekampi pada½, ekakoµµh±sampi v±, padesamattamp²ti attho. Dasah±k±reh²ti kasm± vutta½, nanu antimaj²vik±bh±vato, piº¹ap±tassa al±bhal±bhesu paritassanagedh±disamuppattito, bhuttassa sammadajananato, kimikulasa½vaddhanatoti evam±d²hipi ±k±rehi ±h±re paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±? Vutta½ heta½ “antamida½, bhikkhave, j²vik±na½ yadida½ piº¹olya½, abhis±poya½, bhikkhave, lokasmi½ ‘piº¹olo vicarasi pattap±º²”’ti (sa½. ni. 3.80), “aladdh± ca piº¹ap±ta½ paritassati, laddh± ca piº¹ap±ta½ gadhito mucchito ajjhosanno an±d²navadass±v² anissaraºapañño paribhuñjat²”ti (a. ni. 3.124), “bhutto ca ±h±ro kassaci kad±ci maraºa½ v± maraºamatta½ v± dukkha½ ±vahati, ukkocak±dayo, takkoµak±dayo ca dvatti½sa dvatti½sa kulappabhed± kimayo ca na½ upaniss±ya j²vant²”ti.
Vuccate antimaj²vik±bh±vo t±va cittasa½kilesavisodhanattha½ kammaµµh±n±bhinivesato pageva manasi k±tabbo “m±ha½ chav±l±tasadiso bhaveyyan”ti. Tath± piº¹ap±tassa al±bhal±bhesupi paritassanagedh±disamuppattiniv±raºa½ pageva anuµµh±tabba½ suparisuddhas²lassa paµisaªkh±navato tadabh±vato. Bhattasammado anekantiko, paribhogantogadho v± veditabbo. Kimikulasa½vaddhana½ pana na saªgahetabba½, saªgahitameva v± “dasah±k±reh²”ti ettha niyamassa akatatt±. Imin± v± nayena itaresampettha saªgaho daµµhabbo yath±sambhavamettha paµikk³lat±paccavekkhaºassa adhippetatt±. Tath± hi gharago¼ikavaccam³sikajatukavacc±dika½ sambhavanta½ gahita½, na ekantikanti. Tath± pariyesan±d²supi yath±sambhava½ vattabba½.
Gamanatoti-±d²su pacc±gamanampi gamanasabh±gatt± gamaneneva saªgahita½. Paµikkamanas±l±di-upasaªkamana½ viya pariyesane sam±napaµikk³la½ hi asuciµµh±nakkamanavir³paduggandhadassanagh±yan±dhiv±sanehi. Gamanatoti bhikkh±c±ravasena gocarag±ma½ uddissa gamanato. Pariyesanatoti gocarag±me bhikkhattha½ ±hiº¹anato. Paribhogatoti ±h±rassa paribhuñjanato. Ubhaya½ ubhayena ±sayati, ekajjha½ pavattam±nopi kammabalavavatthito hutv± mariy±davasena aññamañña½ asaªkarato sayati tiµµhati pavattat²ti ±sayo, ±m±sayassa upari tiµµhanako pitt±diko. Mariy±dattho hi ayam±k±ro, tato ±sayato. Nidadh±ti yath±bhutto ±h±ro nicito hutv± tiµµhati etth±ti nidh±na½, ±m±sayo, tato nidh±nato. Aparipakkatoti gahaº²saªkh±tena kammajatejena aparipakkato. Paripakkatoti yath±bhuttassa ±h±rassa vipakkabh±vato. Phalatoti nibbattito. Nissandatoti ito cito ca vissandanato. Sammakkhanatoti sabbaso makkhanato. Sabbattha ±h±re paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±ti yojan±. Ta½ta½kiriy±nipphattipaµip±µivasena c±ya½ gamanatoti-±dik± anupubb² µhapit±, sammakkhana½ pana paribhog±d²su labbham±nampi nissandavasena visesato paµikk³lanti sabbapacch± µhapitanti daµµhabba½.
295. Eva½ mah±nubh±veti id±ni vattabbapaµipattiy± mah±nubh±veti vadanti, sabbatthakakammaµµh±napariharaº±disiddha½ v± dhammasudhammata½ purakkhatv± yog±vacarena eva½ paµipajjitabbanti dassento “eva½ mah±nubh±ve n±ma s±sane”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha n±ma-saddo sambh±vane daµµhabbo. Pabbajitena g±m±bhimukhena gantabbanti yojan±. Ayañca gaman±dito paccavekkhaº± yogino na attuddesik±va, atha kho anuddesik±p²ti dassento “sakalarattin”ti-±din± dhuradvaya½ pariggahesi. Pariveºanti pariveºaªgaºa½. V²sati½sav±reti ettha santatipaccuppannavasena v±raparicchedoti keci, apare pana “uºh±sanen±”ti vadanti. N²varaºavikkhambhanañhi appatt± bh±van± pharaºap²tiy± abh±vato nisajj±vasena k±yakilamatha½ na vinodatiyev±ti iriy±pathacalana½ hotiyeva. V²sati½saggahaºa½ pana yath±sallakkhitabhikkh±caraºavel±vasena. Atha v± gamanato y±va sammakkhanamanasik±ro eko v±ro, eva½ v²sati½sav±re kammaµµh±na½ manasi karitv±. Nijanasamb±dh±n²ti janasamb±dharahit±ni, tena app±kiººata½, appasaddata½, appanigghosatañca dasseti. Tato eva pavivekasukh±ni janavivekena iµµh±ni, pavivekassa v± jh±n±nuyogassa upak±r±ni. Yasm± ch±y³dakasampann±ni, tasm± s²tal±ni. Yasm± suc²ni, tasm± ramaº²yabh³mibh±g±n²ti purim±ni dve pacchim±na½ dvinna½ k±raºavacan±ni. Ariyanti niddosa½. Vivekaratinti jh±n±nuyogarati½.