Nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanakath±vaººan±

285. No ca sant±ti yath± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti saªkh±r±vasesasukhumabh±vappattiy± savises± sant±, evamaya½ ±kiñcaññ±yatanasam±patti no ca sant± tadabh±vato. Y± aya½ khandhesu paccayay±pan²yat±ya, rogam³lat±ya ca rogasarikkhat±, dukkhat±s³layog±din± gaº¹asarikkhat±, p²¼±janan±din± sallasarikkhat± ca, s± saññ±ya sati hoti, n±sat²ti vutta½ “saññ± rogo, saññ± gaº¹o, saññ± sallan”ti. S± cettha paµukicc± pañcavok±rabhavato o¼±rikasaññ± veditabb±. Na kevala½ saññ± eva, atha kho vedan±cetan±d²nampi saªgaho daµµhabbo. Saññ±s²sena pana niddeso kato. Eta½ santanti eta½ asantabh±vakararog±disarikkhasaññ±virahato santa½. Tato eva paº²ta½. Ki½ pana tanti ±ha “nevasaññ±n±saññ±”ti Tadapadesena ta½sampayuttajjh±nam±ha “±d²navan”ti. Ettha rog±disarikkhasaññ±disabbh±vopi ±d²navo daµµhabbo, na ±sannaviññ±ºañc±yatanapaccatthikat±va. Upar²ti catutth±ruppe. S± v±ti s± eva. Vattit±ti pavattit± nibbattit± va¼añjit±.
Tasmi½ nimitteti tasmi½ tatiy±ruppasam±pattisaªkh±te jh±nanimitte. M±nasanti citta½ “mano eva m±nasan”ti katv±, bh±van±manasik±ra½ v±. Ta½ hi manasi bhavanti m±nasanti vuccati. Jh±nasampayuttadhamm±nampi jh±n±nuguºat±ya sam±pattipariy±yo labbhat²ti ±ha “±kiñcaññ±yatanasam±pattisaªkh±tesu cat³su khandhes³”ti, ±rammaºabh³tes³ti adhipp±yo.
286. Yath±vutta½ ±kiñcañña½ ±rammaºapaccayabh±vato ±yatana½ k±raºamass±ti jh±na½ ±kiñcaññ±yatana½, ±kiñcaññameva ±rammaºapaccayabh³ta½ jh±nassa k±raºanti ±rammaºa½ ±kiñcaññ±yatananti eva½ v± attho daµµhabbo. Sesamettha heµµh± vuttanay±nus±rena veditabba½.
Y±ya saññ±ya bh±vatoti y±dis±ya saññ±ya atthibh±vena. Y± hi s± paµusaññ±kiccassa abh±vato saññ±tipi na vattabb±, saññ±sabh±v±n±tivattanato asaññ±tipi na vattabb±, tass± vijjam±natt±ti attho. Tanti ta½ jh±na½. Ta½ t±va dassetunti ettha tanti ta½ sas±paµipada½, yath±vuttasañña½, tass± ca adhigamup±yanti attho. Nevasaññ²n±saññ²ti hi puggal±dhiµµh±nena dhamma½ uddharantena saññ±vantamukhena saññ± uddhaµ±, aññath± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatananti uddharitabba½ siy±. S± pana paµipad± yattha pavattati, yath± ca pavattati, ta½ dassetu½ “±kiñcaññ±yatana½ santato manasi karoti, saªkh±r±vasesasam±patti½ bh±vet²”ti vutta½. ¾kiñcaññ±yatana½ hi catutth±ruppabh±van±ya pavattiµµh±na½, saªkh±r±vasesasam±patti pavatti-±k±roti. Yatra hi n±m±ti y± n±ma. Natthibh±vamp²ti viññ±ºassa suññatampi, eva½ sukhumamp²ti adhipp±yo. Sant±rammaºat±y±ti santa½ ±rammaºa½ etiss±ti sant±rammaº±, tabbh±vo sant±rammaºat±, t±ya, na jh±nasantat±ya. Na hi tatiy±ruppasam±patti catutth±ruppajjh±nato sant±.
Codako “ya½ santato manasi karoti, na tattha ±d²navadassana½ bhaveyya. Asati ca ±d²navadassane samatikkamo eva na siy±”ti dassento “santato ce manasi karoti, katha½ samatikkamo hot²”ti ±ha. Itaro “asam±pajjituk±mat±y±”ti parih±ram±ha, tena ±d²navadassanampi atthev±ti dasseti. So h²ti-±din± vuttamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ karoti. Tattha yasmi½ jh±ne abhirati, tattha ±vajjanasam±pajjan±dipaµipattiy± bhavitabba½. S± panassa tatiy±ruppe sabbaso natthi, kevala½ aññ±bh±vato ±rammaºakaraºamattamev±ti dassento “kiñc±p²”ti-±dim±ha.
Samatikkamitv±va gacchat²ti tesa½ sipp²na½ j²vika½ tiº±yapi amaññam±no te v²tivattatiyeva. Soti yog±vacaro. Tanti tatiy±ruppasam±patti½. Pubbe vuttanayen±ti “sant± vat±ya½ sam±patt²”ti-±din± vuttena nayena santato manasi karonto. Tanti y±ya nevasaññ²n±saññ² n±ma hoti, saªkh±r±vasesasam±patti½ bh±vet²ti vuccati, ta½ sañña½ p±puº±t²ti yojan±. Saññ±s²sena hi desan±. Paramasukhumanti ukka½sagatasukhumabh±va½. Saªkh±r±vasesasam±pattinti ukka½sagatasukhumat±ya saªkh±r±na½ sesat±matta½ sam±patti½. Ten±ha “accantasukhumabh±vappattasaªkh±ran”ti. Antamaticca accanta½. Yato sukhumatama½ n±ma natthi, tath±paramukka½sagatasukhumasaªkh±ranti attho. Paµhamajjh±n³pac±rato paµµh±ya hi tacchantiy± viya pavattam±n±ya bh±van±ya anukkamena saªkh±r± tattha antimakoµµh±sata½ p±pit±, tato para½ nirodho eva, na saªkh±rappavatt²ti. Tena vuccati “saªkh±r±vasesasam±patt²”ti.
287. Ya½ ta½ catukkhandha½. Atthatoti kusal±divisesavisiµµhaparamatthato. Visesato adhipaññ±sikkh±ya adhiµµh±nabh³ta½ idh±dhippetanti ±ha “idha sam±pannassa cittacetasik± dhamm± adhippet±”ti. O¼±rik±ya saññ±ya abh±vatoti yadipi catutth±ruppavip±kasaññ±ya catutth±ruppakusalasaññ± o¼±rik±, tath± vipassan±maggaphalasaññ±hi, tath±pi o¼±rikasukhumat± n±ma up±d±yup±d±ya gahetabb±ti pañcavok±rabhavapariy±pann±ya viya catuvok±repi heµµh± t²su bh³m²su saññ±ya viya o¼±rik±ya abh±vato. Sukhum±y±ti saªkh±r±vasesasukhumabh±vappattiy± sukhum±ya saññ±ya bh±vato vijjam±natt±. Nevasaññ±ti ettha na-k±ro abh±vattho, n±saññanti ettha na-k±ro aññattho, a-k±ro abh±vatthova, asañña½ anasaññañc±ti attho. Pariy±pannatt±ti ekadesabh±vena antogadhatt±. Etth±ti catutth±ruppe. Dutiye atthavikappe nevasaññ±ti ettha na-k±ro aññattho. Tath± n±saññ±ti ettha na-k±ro, a-k±ro ca aññattho ev±ti tena dvayena saññ±bh±vo eva dassitoti dhamm±yatanapariy±pannat±ya ±yatanabh±vo vuttov±ti “adhiµµh±naµµhen±”ti vutta½ nissayapaccayabh±vato.
Ki½ pana k±raºa½, yenettha saññ±va edis² j±t±ti anuyoga½ sandh±y±ha “na kevalan”ti-±di. Saññ±s²sen±ya½ desan± kat± “n±nattak±y± n±nattasaññino”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.341, 359; a. ni. 9.24) viy±ti daµµhabba½. Eva½ esa atthoti kañci visesa½ up±d±ya sabh±vato atth²ti vattabbasseva dhammassa kañci visesa½ up±d±ya natth²ti vattabbat±saªkh±to attho.
Atithokampi ya½ telamatthi bhanteti ±ha akappiyabh±va½ up±d±ya, tadeva natthi, bhante, telanti ±ha n±¼ip³raºa½ up±d±ya. Ten±ha “tattha yath±”ti-±di.
Yadi ±rammaºasañj±nana½ saññ±kicca½, ta½ saññ± sam±n± kathamaya½ k±tu½ na sakkot²ti ±ha “dahanakiccamiv±”ti-±di. Saªkh±r±vasesasukhumabh±vappattiy± eva hes± paµusaññ±kicca½ k±tu½ na sakkoti, tato eva ca ñ±ºassa sugayh±pi na hoti. Ten±ha “nibbid±jananampi k±tu½ na sakkot²”ti. Akat±bhinivesoti akatavipassan±bhiniveso appavattitasammasanac±ro. Pakativipassakoti pakatiy± vipassako. Khandh±dimukhena vipassana½ abhinivisitv± dv±r±lambanehi saddhi½ dv±rappavattadhamm±na½ vipassako sakkuºeyya tabbisaya-udayabbayañ±ºa½ upp±detu½, yath± pana sakkoti, ta½ dassetu½ “sop²”ti-±di vutta½. Kal±pasammasanavasenev±ti catutth±ruppacittupp±dapariy±panne phass±didhamme avinibbhujja ekato gahetv± kal±pato sam³hato sammasanavasena nayavipassan±saªkh±takal±pasammasanavasena. Phass±didhamme vinibbhujjitv± visu½ visu½ sar³pato gahetv± anicc±divasena sammasana½ anupadadhammavipassan± Eva½ sukhumatta½ gat± yath± dhammasen±patin±pi n±ma anupada½ na vipassaneyy±ti attho.
Therass±ti aññatarassa therassa. Aññ±hip²ti ettha ayamapar± upam±– eko kira br±hmaºo aññatara½ purisa½ manuñña½ mattikabh±jana½ gahetv± µhita½ disv± y±ci “dehi me ima½ bh±janan”ti. So sur±sittata½ sandh±ya “n±yyo sakk± d±tu½, sur± ettha atth²”ti ±ha. Br±hmaºo attano sam²pe µhita½ purisa½ uddissa ±ha “tena hi imassa p±tu½ deh²”ti. Itaro “natthayyo”ti ±ha. Tattha yath± br±hmaºassa ayogyabh±va½ up±d±ya “atth²”tipi vattabba½, p±tabbat±ya tattha abh±vato “natth²”tipi vattabba½ j±ta½, eva½ idh±p²ti daµµhabba½.
Kasm± panettha yath± heµµh± “ananto ±k±so, ananta½ viññ±ºa½, natthi kiñc²”ti tattha tattha bh±van±k±ro gahito, eva½ koci bh±van±k±ro na gahitoti? Keci t±va ±hu– “bh±van±k±ro n±ma sopac±rassa jh±nassa yath±saka½ ±rammaºe pavatti-±k±ro, ±rammaºañcettha ±kiñcaññ±yatanadhamm±. Te pana gayham±n± ekassa v± pubbaªgamadhammassa vasena gahetabb± siyu½, sabbe eva v±. Tattha paµhamapakkhe viññ±ºassa gahaºa½ ±pannanti ‘viññ±ºa½ viññ±ºan’ti manasik±re catutth±ruppassa viññ±ºañc±yatanabh±vo ±pajjati. Dutiyapakkhe pana sabbaso ±kiñcaññ±yatanadhamm±rammaºat±ya jh±nassa ‘±kiñcañña½ ±kiñcaññan’ti manasik±re ±kiñcaññ±yatanat± v± siy±, abh±v±rammaºat± v±. Sabbath± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanabh±vo na labbhat²”ti. Tadidamak±raºa½ tath± jh±nassa appavattanato. Na hi catutth±ruppabh±van± viññ±ºam±kiñcañña½ v± ±masant² pavattati, kiñcarahi? Tatiy±ruppassa santata½.
Yadi eva½, kasm± p±¼iya½ “santan”ti na gahitanti? Kiñc±pi na gahitata½ sutte (d². ni. 2.129; sa½. ni. 2.152), vibhaªge (vibha. 606 ±dayo) pana gahitameva. Yath±ha– “taññeva ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ santato manasi karoti, saªkh±r±vasesasam±patti½ bh±vet²”ti (vibha. 619). Atha kasm± vibhaªge viya sutte bh±van±k±ro na gahitoti? Veneyyajjh±sayato, desan±vil±sato ca. Ye hi veneyy± yath± heµµh± t²su ±ruppesu “ananto ±k±so, ananta½ viññ±ºa½, natthi kiñc²”ti bh±van±k±ro gahito, eva½ aggahite eva tasmi½ tamattha½ paµivijjhanti, tesa½ vasena sutte tath± desan± kat±, suttantagatik±va abhidhamme suttantabh±jan²ye (vibha. 605 ±dayo) uddesadesan±. Ye pana veneyy± vibhajitv± vutteyeva tasmi½ tamattha½ paµivijjhanti, tesa½ vasena vibhaªge bh±van±k±ro vutto. Dhammissaro pana bhagav± samm±sambuddho dhamm±na½ desetabbappak±ra½ j±nanto katthaci bh±van±k±ra½ gaºh±ti, katthaci bh±van±k±ra½ na gaºh±ti. S± ca desan± y±vadeva veneyyavinayatth±ti ayamettha desan±vil±so. Suttantadesan± v± pariy±yakath±ti tattha bh±van±k±ro na gahito, abhidhammadesan± pana nippariy±yakath±ti tattha bh±van±k±ro gahitoti evampettha bh±van±k±rassa gahaºe, aggahaºe ca k±raºa½ veditabba½.
Apare pana bhaºanti– “catutth±ruppe visesadassanattha½ sutte bh±van±k±rassa aggahaºa½, sv±ya½ viseso anupubbabh±van±janito. S± ca anupubbabh±van± pah±nakkamopajanit± pah±tabbasamatikkamena jh±n±na½ adhigantabbato. Tath± hi k±m±divivekavitakkavic±rav³pasamap²tivir±gasomanassatthaªgamamukhena r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni desit±ni, r³pasaññ±disamatikkamamukhena ar³pajjh±n±ni. Na kevalañca jh±n±niyeva, atha kho sabbampi s²la½, sabb±pi paññ± paµipakkhadhammappah±navaseneva samp±detabbato pah±tabbadhammasamatikkamadassanamukheneva desan± ±ru¼h±. Tath± hi “p±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya p±º±tip±t± paµivirato”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.8, 194) s²lasa½varo, “cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± na nimittagg±h² hoti n±nubyañjanagg±h²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.213; ma. ni. 1.411, 421; 3.15, 75) indriyasa½varo, “neva dav±ya na mad±y±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.23, 422; 2.24; 3.75; sa½. ni. 2.63; a. ni. 6.58; mah±ni. 206; vibha. 518) bhojane mattaññut±, “idha bhikkhu micch±j²va½ pah±ya samm±-±j²vena j²vika½ kappet²”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 5.8) ±j²vap±risuddhi, “abhijjha½ loke pah±ya vigat±bhijjhena cetas±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.217; ma. ni. 1.412, 425; 3.16, 75) j±gariy±nuyogo, “aniccasaññ± bh±vetabb± asmim±nasamuggh±t±ya, aniccasaññino, meghiya, anattasaññ± saºµh±ti, anattasaññ² asmim±nasamuggh±ta½ gacchati, ±sav±na½ khay± an±sava½ cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ diµµheva dhamme saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharat²”ti-±din± paññ± paµipakkhadhammappah±navaseneva desit±. Tasm± jh±n±ni desento bhagav± “vivicceva k±meh²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.226; sa½. ni. 2.152; a. ni. 4.123) pah±tabbadhammasamatikkamadassanamukheneva desesi. Tena vutta½ “k±m±divivekavitakkavic±rav³pasamap²tivir±gasomanassatthaªgamamukhena r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni desit±ni, r³pasaññ±disamatikkamamukhena ar³pajjh±n±n²”ti. Tattha yath± r³p±vacara½ paµhama½ jh±na½ bh±van±vises±dhigatehi vitakk±d²hi viya saddh±d²hipi tikkhavisadas³rasabh±vehi dhammehi samann±gatatt± k±macchand±d²na½ n²varaº±na½, tadekaµµh±nañca p±padhamm±na½ vikkhambhanato uttarimanussadhammabh±vappatta½ k±m±vacaradhammehi saºhasukhuma½, santa½, paº²tañca hoti; dutiyajjh±n±d²ni pana bh±van±visesena o¼±rikaªgappah±nato tato s±tisaya½ saºhasukhumasaºhasukhumatar±dibh±vappatt±ni honti. Tath± ar³p±vacara½ paµhamajjh±na½ r³pavir±gabh±van±bh±vena pavattam±na½ ±rammaºasantat±yapi aªgasantat±yapi p±katikaparittadhammehi viya sabbar³p±vacaradhammehi santasukhumabh±vappatta½ hoti. ¾rammaºasantabh±ven±pi hi tad±rammaºadhamm± santasabh±v± honti, seyyath±pi lokuttaradhamm±rammaº± dhamm±.
Satipi dhammato, mahaggatabh±ven±pi ca abhede r³p±vacaracatutthato ±ruppa½ aªgatopi santameva, yatassa santavimokkhat± vutt±. Dutiy±rupp±d²ni pana paµham±rupp±dito aªgato, ±rammaºato ca santasantatarasantatamabh±vappatt±ni tath± bh±van±visesasam±yogato, sv±ya½ bh±van±viseso paµhamajjh±n³pac±rato paµµh±ya ta½ta½pah±tabbasamatikkamanavasena tassa tassa jh±nassa santasukhumabh±va½ ±p±dento catutth±ruppe saªkh±r±vasesasukhumabh±va½ p±peti. Yato catutth±ruppa½ yath± anupadadhammavipassan±vasena vipassan±ya ±rammaºabh±va½ upagantv± pakativipassakass±pi nibbiduppattiy± paccayo na hoti saªkh±r±vasesasukhumabh±vappattito, tath± saya½ tatiy±ruppadhammesu pavattam±na½ te y±th±vato vibh±vetu½ na sakkoti, yath± tadaññajjh±n±ni attano ±rammaºa½. Kevala½ pana ±rabbha pavattimattamevassa tattha hoti tayida½ ±rammaºabh±ven±pi n±ma vibh³t±k±rat±ya µh±tu½ appahonta½ ±rammaºakaraºe ki½ pahoti. Tasm± tadassa avibh³takiccata½ disv± satth± heµµh± t²su µh±nesu bh±van±k±ra½ vatv± t±diso idha na labbhat²ti d²petu½ catutth±ruppadesan±ya½ sutte bh±van±k±ra½ pariy±yadesanatt± na kathesi.
Yasm± pana s±rammaºassa dhammassa ±rammaºe pavatti-±k±ro atthev±ti atisukhumabh±vappatta½ ta½ dassetu½ “ta½yeva ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ santato manasi karot²”ti (vibha. 619) vibhaªge vutta½ yath±dhammas±sanabh±vato, pubbabh±gavasena v± vibhaªge “santato manasi karot²”ti vutta½ tad± yogino tassa vibh³tabh±vato. Appan±vasena pana sutte bh±van±k±ro na gahito avibh³tabh±vato. Kammaµµh±na½ hi kiñci ±dito avibh³ta½ hoti, yath± ta½? Buddh±nussati-±di. Kiñci majjhe, yath± ta½? ¾n±p±nassati. Kiñci ubhayattha, yath± ta½? Upasam±nussati-±di. Catutth±ruppakammaµµh±na½ pana pariyos±ne avibh³ta½ bh±van±ya matthakappattiya½ ±rammaºassa avibh³tabh±vato. Tasm± catutth±ruppe ima½ visesa½ dassetu½ satth±r± sutte bh±van±k±ro na gahito, na sabbena sabba½ abh±vatoti niµµhamettha gantabba½.