10. ¾ruppaniddesavaººan±

Paµham±ruppavaººan±

275. Uddiµµhes³ti “catt±ro ±rupp±”ti eva½ uddiµµhesu, niddh±raºe ceta½ bhumma½. Tenev±ha “cat³su ±ruppes³”ti. Tattha r³pavivekena ar³pa½, ar³pameva ±ruppa½ jh±na½, idha pana tadattha½ kammaµµh±na½ adhippeta½. Ta½ bh±vetuk±mo catutthajjh±na½ upp±det²ti sambandho. R³p±dhikaraºanti r³pahetu. Hetu-attho hi ettha adhikaraºa-saddo “k±m±dhikaraºan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.168-169) viya. Daº¹anaµµhena daº¹o, muggar±di. Parap²¼±dhipp±yena tassa ±d±na½ daº¹±d±na½. Satt±na½ sasanaµµhena sattha½, ±vudha½. Bhaº¹ana½ kalaho. Virodho viggaho. N±n±v±do viv±do. Etanti yath±vutta½ daº¹±d±n±dika½. Sabbasoti anavasesato. ¾ruppe ar³pabh±ve, ±ruppe v± bhave. R³p±na½yev±ti diµµh±d²nav±na½ r³p±na½yeva, na ar³p±nanti adhipp±yo. Nibbid±y±ti vikkhambhanavasena nibbindanatth±ya. Vir±g±y±ti virajjanatth±ya. Nirodh±y±ti nirujjhanatth±ya. Sabbameta½ samatikkama½ sandh±ya vutta½. Daº¹±d±n±d²nanti ±di-saddena adinn±d±n±dika½ sabba½ r³pahetuka½ anattha½ saªgaºh±ti, na idha p±¼iya½ ±gatamev±ti daµµhabba½. Karajar³peti yath±vutt±d²nav±dhikaraºabh±vayogya½ dassetu½ vutta½, o¼±rikar³peti attho. ¾d²navanti dosa½. Tass±ti r³passa. ¾lokoti vaººaviseso ev±ti tattha pavatta½ paµibh±ganimitta½ uggh±µetv± siy± ±k±sanimitta½ uggahetu½, na pana paricchinn±k±sakasiºa½ uggh±µetv±. Tassa hi uggh±µan± n±ma r³panimitteneva siy±ti ±ha “µhapetv± paricchinn±k±sakasiºa½ navas³”ti. Keci pana “±lokakasiºampi µhapetv± aµµhas³”ti vadanti, tassa pana µhapane k±raºa½ na dissati, karajar³pa½ atikkanta½ hoti tassa an±lambanato.
Yadi eva½ kasm± “catutthajjh±navasen±”ti vutta½. Nanu paµhamajjh±n±d²nipi tassa an±lambanavaseneva pavattanti paµibh±ganimitt±rammaºatt±? Saccameta½, o¼±rikaªgappah±nato pana santasabh±vena ±neñjappattena catutthajjh±nena atikkanta½ suµµhu atikkanta½ n±ma hot²ti “catutthajjh±navasen±”ti vutta½ Keci “ass±sapass±s±na½ nirujjhanato, k±madh±tusamatikkamanato c±”ti vadanti, ta½ ak±raºa½, itaresa½ cittasamuµµh±nar³p±na½ sambhavato, heµµhimajjh±n±nañca ak±madh±tusa½vattan²yato. Tappaµibh±gamev±ti karajar³papaµibh±gameva nimittagg±hasambhavato. Sadisañca n±ma ta½ na hoti, tasm± ki½ tassa samatikkamanen±ti anuyoga½ sandh±ya “katha½? Yath±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha kathanti kathetukamyat±pucch±. Yath±ti opammatthe nip±to. Lekh±cittanti k±¼avaºº±din± kataparikamm±ya lekh±ya citta½. Phalitantaranti vivara½. Disv±ti d³rato disv±. Sam±nar³pasaddasamud±c±ranti sadisar³pasaºµh±nasarappayoga½.
¾rammaºavasen±ti “mama cakkhu sobhana½, mama k±yo thiro, mama parikkh±r± sundar±”ti eva½ ±rammaºakaraºavasena. Karajar³pasamaªgik±loti attano attabh±var³pena ceva ±rammaºar³pena ca samann±gatak±lo. Tamp²ti kasiºar³passapi. S±mi-atthe hi ida½ upayogavacana½. Bhayasant±sa-adassanak±mat± viya samatikkamituk±mat±ti yojan±. Idañca yath±vutt±na½ nibbid±vir±ganirodh±na½ s±dh±raºavacana½. Te hi tayo apekkhitv± bhayasant±sa-adassanak±mat± vutt±. Eko kira sunakho vane s³karena pahaµamatto pal±to, so ar³padassanavel±ya bhattapacana-ukkhali½ d³rato disv± s³karasaññ±ya bh²to uttasanto pal±yi, pis±cabh²ruko puriso rattibh±ge aparicite dese matthakacchinna½ t±lakkhandha½ disv± pis±casaññ±ya bh²to uttasanto mucchito papati, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “s³kar±…pe… veditabb±”ti.
276. Evanti yath±vutta½ opammattha½ nigamento ±ha. Soti yog±vacaro. Tasmi½ jh±ne ±d²nava½ passat²ti sambandho. R³panti kasiºar³pa½. Santavimokkhatoti ar³pajjh±nato. T±ni hi “ye te sant± vimokkh± atikkamma r³pe ±rupp±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 8.72; 10.9) santavimokkh±ti ±gat±. Santat±siddhi cassa anussutito daµµhabb±. Yathev±ti eva-k±rena yena pak±rena eta½ r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±na½ duvaªgika½, eva½ ±rupp±nip²ti upekkh±cittekaggat±vasena duvaªgikatta½ dasseti, na tatiyajjh±ne viya duvaªgikat±matta½. Nanu cetth±pi duvaªgikat±mattameva bh³mibhedatoti? N±ya½ doso upamopameyyabh±vassa bhinn±dhikaraºato.
Tatth±ti tasmi½ r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±ne. Nikantinti apekkha½. Pariy±d±y±ti ±d²navadassanena tasmi½ jh±ne khepetv±, anapekkho hutv±ti attho. Santato manasikaraºeneva paº²tato, sukhumato ca manasik±ro siddho hot²ti ±ha “santato anantato manasi karitv±”ti. Pattharitv±ti pageva va¹¹hita½, tad± va¹¹hanavasena v± pattharitv±. Ten±ti kasiºar³pena. Uggh±µeti kasiºanti r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nassa ±rammaºabh³ta½ pathav²kasiº±dikasiºar³pa½ apaneti. Uggh±µanavidhi½ pana dassento “uggh±µento h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sa½vellet²ti paµisa½harati. Aññadatth³ti eka½sena. Neva ubbaµµat²ti neva uµµhahati. Na vivaµµat²ti na vinivaµµati. Imass±ti imassa kasiºar³passa. Amanasik±ranti manasi akaraºa½ acintana½. Manasik±rañca paµicc±ti “±k±so ±k±so”ti bh±van±manasik±rañca niss±ya. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nassa ±rammaºabh³ta½ kasiºar³pa½ na sabbena sabba½ manasi karoto, tena ca phuµµhok±sa½ “±k±so ±k±so”ti manasi karoto yad± ta½ bh±van±nubh±vena ±k±sa½ hutv± upaµµh±ti, tad± so kasiºa½ uggh±µeti n±ma, tañca tena uggh±µita½ n±ma hot²ti. Ten±ha “kasiºuggh±µim±k±samatta½ paññ±yat²”ti. Sabbametanti tividhampeta½ ekameva pariy±yabh±vato.
“N²varaº±ni vikkhambhant²”ti kasm± vutta½? Nanu r³p±vacarapaµhamajjh±nassa upac±rakkhaºeyeva n²varaº±ni vikkhambhit±ni, tato paµµh±ya cassa na nesa½ pariyuµµh±na½. Yadi siy±, jh±nato parih±yeyya? Ya½ paneke vadanti “attheva sukhum±ni ar³pajjh±navikkhambhaneyy±ni n²varaº±ni, t±ni sandh±yeta½ vuttan”ti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½. Na hi mahaggatakusalesu lokuttarakusalesu viya odhiso pah±na½ n±ma atthi. Yo pana r³p±vacarehi ±rupp±na½ u¼±raphalat±diviseso, so bh±van±visesena santatarapaº²tatarabh±vena tesuyeva purimapurimehi pacchimapacchim±na½ viy±ti daµµhabba½. “Vikkhambhant²”ti pana vacana½ vaººabhaºanavasena vutta½. Tath± hi aññatth±pi heµµh± pah²n±na½ upari pah±na½ vuccati. Ye pana “sabbe kusal± dhamm± sabbesa½ akusal±na½ paµipakkh±ti katv± eva½ vuttan”ti vadanti, tehi dutiyajjh±n³pac±r±d²su n²varaºavikkhambhan±vacanassa k±raºa½ vattabba½. Sati santiµµhat²ti ±k±sanimitt±rammaº± sati samm± s³paµµhit± hutv± tiµµhati. Satis²sena cettha upac±rajjh±n±nuguº±na½ saddh±pañcam±na½ sakiccayoga½ dasseti. Upac±ren±ti upac±rajjh±nena. Idh±p²ti r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±na½ sandh±ya sampiº¹ana½. Ta½ hi upekkh±vedan±sampayutta½. Sesanti “ses±ni k±m±vacar±n²”ti-±di. Ya½ idha vattabbamavutta½, ta½ pana pathav²kasiºaniddese (visuddhi. 1.51 ±dayo) vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbanti ±ha “pathav²kasiºe vuttanayamev±”ti.
Eva½ ya½ tattha avisiµµha½, ta½ atidisitv± id±ni visiµµha½ dassetu½ “aya½ pana viseso”ti-±dim±ha. Y±napputo¼i kumbhimukh±d²nanti oguºµhanasivik±diy±n±na½ mukha½ y±namukha½, puto¼iy± khuddakadv±rassa mukha½ puto¼imukha½, kumbhimukhanti pacceka½ mukha-saddo sambandhitabbo. ¾k±sa½yeva y±namukh±diparicchinna½. Parikammamanasik±ren±ti parikammabh³tena manasik±rena upac±rajjh±nena. Parikamma½ anuloma½ upac±roti ca anatthantarañheta½. Pekkham±no ar³p±vacarajjh±nacakkhun±.
277. Sabb±k±ren±ti r³panimitta½ daº¹±d±nasambhavadassan±din± sabbena r³padhammesu, pathav²kasiº±dir³panimittesu, tad±rammaºajjh±nesu ca dosadassan±k±rena, tesu eva v± r³p±d²su nikantippah±na-an±vajjituk±mat±din±. R³pajjh±nampi r³panti vuccati uttarapadalopena “r³p³papattiy± magga½ bh±vet²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 160; vibha. 625) yath± r³pabhavo r³pa½. R³p²ti hi r³pajjh±nal±bh²ti attho. ¾rammaºampi kasiºar³pa½ r³panti vuccati purimapadalopena yath± “devadatto datto”ti. R³p±ni passat²ti kasiºar³p±ni jh±nacakkhun± passat²ti attho. Tasm±ti yasm± uttarapadalopena, purimapadalopena ca yath±kkama½ r³pajjh±nakasiºar³pesu r³pavoh±ro dissati, tasm±. R³pe r³pajjh±ne ta½sahagat± saññ± r³pasaññ±. Tad±rammaºassa c±ti ca-saddena yath±vutta½ r³p±vacarajjh±na½ sampiº¹eti, tena p±¼iya½ “r³pasaññ±nan”ti sar³pekasesena niddeso katoti dasseti. Vir±g±ti jigucchanato. Nirodh±ti tappaµibandhachandar±gavikkhambhanena nirodhanato. Vuttamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ k±tu½ “ki½ vutta½ hot²”ti-±di vutta½. Tassa sabb±k±rena vir±g± anavases±na½ nirodh±ti eva½ v± ettha yojan± k±tabb±.
“¾rammaºe avirattassa saññ±samatikkamo na hot²”ti ida½ yasm± im±ni jh±n±ni ±rammaº±tikkamena pattabb±ni, na aªg±tikkamen±ti katv± vutta½. Yasm± panettha saññ±samatikkamo ±rammaºasamatikkamena vin± na hoti, tasm± “samatikkant±su ca saññ±su ±rammaºa½ samatikkantameva hot²”ti ±ha. Avatv± vuttoti sambandho. Sam±pannass±ti-±d²su kusalasaññ±vasena sam±pannaggahaºa½, vip±kasaññ±vasena upapannaggahaºa½, kiriy±saññ±vasena diµµhadhammasukhavih±raggahaºa½. Arahato hi jh±n±ni visesato diµµhadhammasukhavih±ro. Yadi saññ±samatikkamassa anunipph±di-±rammaºasamatikkamo vibhaªge ca avutto, atha kasm± idha gahitoti anuyoga½ sandh±y±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di. ¾rammaºasamatikkamavasen±pi ayamatthavaººan± kat±, “tad±rammaºassa ceta½ adhivacanan”ti-±din± vibhaªge viya saññ±samatikkamameva avatv±ti adhipp±yo.
278. Paµigh±ten±ti paµihananena visay²visayasamodh±nena. Atthaªgam±ti-±d²su purima½ purima½ pacchimassa pacchimassa atthavacana½, tasm± paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgamo jh±nasamaªgik±le anuppatt²ti tassa idheva gahaºe k±raºa½ anuyogamukhena dassetu½ “k±mañcet±”ti-±di vutta½. Uss±hajananattha½ paµipajjanak±na½. Et±sa½ paµighasaññ±na½. Ettha paµham±ruppakath±ya½. Vacana½ atthaªgamavasena.
Ki½ v± pasa½s±kittanena, paµighasaññ±na½ pana atthaªgamo idheva vattabbatt± vuttoti dassetu½ “atha v±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sabh±vadhammassa abh±vo n±ma paµipakkhena pah²nat±ya v± paccay±bh±vena v±. Tesu r³pajjh±nasamaªgino paµighasaññ±na½ abh±vo paccay±bh±vamattena, na paµipakkh±dhigamen±ti dassento ±ha “kiñc±p²”ti-±di. Tattha ti paµighasaññ± R³p±vacaranti r³p±vacarajjh±na½. Sam±pannass±ti sam±pajjitv± viharantassa. Kiñc±pi na sant²ti yojan±. Na pah²natt± na sant²ti na tad± paµighasaññ± pah²nabh±vena na santi n±ma. Tattha k±raºam±ha “na hi r³pavir±g±ya r³p±vacarabh±van± sa½vattat²”ti. Nanu ca paµighasaññ±pi ar³padhamm± ev±ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “r³p±yatt± ca et±sa½ pavatt²”ti. Aya½ pana bh±van±ti ar³pabh±vanam±ha. Dh±retunti avadh±retu½. Idh±ti ar³pajjh±ne. ¾neñj±bhisaªkh±ravacan±d²hi ±neñjat±. “Ye te sant± vimokkh± atikkamma r³pe ±rupp±”ti-±din± (a. ni. 8.72; 10.9) santavimokkhat± ca vutt±.
279. Dosadassanapubbakapaµipakkhabh±van±vasena paµighasaññ±na½ suppah²natt± mahat±pi saddena ar³pasam±pattito na vuµµh±ti. Tath± pana na suppah²natt± sabbar³p±vacarasam±pattito vuµµh±na½ siy±, paµhamajjh±na½ pana appakampi sadda½ na sahat²ti ta½ sam±pannassa saddo kaºµakoti vutta½. ¾ruppabh±van±ya abh±ve cutito uddha½ uppattirah±na½ r³pasaññ±paµighasaññ±na½ y±va attano vip±kappavatti, t±va anuppattidhammat±p±danena samatikkamo, atthaªgamo ca vutto. N±nattasaññ±su pana y± tasmi½ bhave na uppajjanti ekantar³panissit±, t± anok±sat±ya na uppajjanti, na ±ruppabh±van±ya niv±ritatt±, aniv±ritatt± ca k±ci uppajjanti. Tasm± t±sa½ amanasik±ro an±vajjana½ apaccavekkhaºa½, javanapaµip±dakena v± bhavaªgamanassa anto akaraºa½ appavesana½ vutta½.
Tena ca n±nattasaññ±manasik±rahet³na½ r³p±na½ samatikkam± sam±dhissa thirabh±va½ dassetu½ “saªkhepato”ti-±di vutta½. Apica imehi t²hi padehi ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattiy± vaººo kathito sot³na½ uss±hajananattha½, palobhanatthañca. Ye hi akusal± eva½g±hino “sabbass±darahite ±k±se pavattitasaññ±ya ko ±nisa½so”ti, te tato micch±g±hato nivattetu½ t²hi padehi jh±nassa ±nisa½so kathito. Ta½ hi sutv± tesa½ eva½ bhavissati “eva½ sant± kir±ya½ sam±patti eva½ paº²t±, handass± nibbattanattha½ uss±ha½ kariss±m²”ti.
280. Ass±ti ±k±sassa. Upp±do eva anto upp±danto, tath± vayanto. Sabh±vadhammo hi ahutv± sambhavato, hutv± ca vinassanato udayavayaparicchinno. ¾k±so pana asabh±vadhammatt± tadubhay±bh±vato ananto vutto. Ajaµ±k±saparicchinn±k±s±na½ idha anadhippetatt± “±k±soti kasiºuggh±µim±k±so vuccat²”ti ±ha. Kasiºa½ uggh±µ²yati eten±ti kasiºuggh±µo, tadeva kasiºuggh±µima½. Manasik±ravasen±p²ti r³pavivekamattaggahaºena paricchedassa aggahaºato anantapharaº±k±rena pavattaparikammamanasik±ravasen±pi. Ananta½ pharat²ti aggahitaparicchedat±ya ananta½ katv± parikammasamphassapubbakena jh±nasamphassena phusati. Yath± bhisaggameva bhesajja½, eva½ ±k±s±nantameva ±k±s±nañca½ sa½yogaparassa ta-k±rassa ca-k±ra½ katv±. Jh±nassa pavattiµµh±nabh±vato ±rammaºa½ adhiµµh±naµµhena “±yatanamass±”ti vutta½, adhiµµh±naµµhe ±yatana-saddassa dassanato. K±raº±karasañj±tidesaniv±satthepi ±yatana-saddo idha yujjateva.