Pakiººakakath±vaººan±

262. Brahmuttamen±ti ettha sammutibrahm±no upapattibrahm±no visuddhibrahm±noti tividh± brahm±no.
“Sampanna½ s±liked±ra½, suv± bhuñjanti kosiya;
paµivedemi te brahme, na ne v±retumussahe. (J±. 1.14.1).
Paribbaja mah±brahme, pacantaññepi p±ºino”ti. (P±ci. 647)–

Ca evam±d²su hi brahmasaddena sammutibrahm±no vutt±.

“Ap±rut± tesa½ amatassa dv±r±,
ye sotavanto pamuñcantu saddha½;
vihi½sasaññ² paguºa½ na bh±si½,
dhamma½ paº²ta½ manujesu brahme”.
“Atha kho brahm± sahampat²”ti (d². ni. 2.71; ma. ni. 1.283; 2.340; sa½. ni. 1.172; mah±va. 9) ca evam±d²su brahmasaddena upapattibrahm±no vutt±. “Brahmacakka½ pavattet²”ti-±di (ma. ni. 1.148; sa½. ni. 2.21; a. ni. 4.8; 5.11; paµi. ma. 2.44) vacanato “brahman”ti ariyadhammo vuccati, tato nibbattatt± avisesena sabbepi ariy± visuddhibrahm±no n±ma paramatthabrahmat±ya. Visesato pana “brahm±ti, bhikkhave, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacanan”ti vacanato samm±sambuddho uttamabrahm± n±ma sadevake loke brahmabh³tehi guºehi ukka½sap±ramippattito. Iti brahm±na½ uttamo, brahm± ca so uttamo c±ti v± brahmuttamo, bhagav±. Tena kathite “so mett±sahagatena cetas±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.556; 3.308; ma. ni. 1.77, 459, 509; 2.309, 315, 451, 471) tattha tattha veneyy±na½ desite. It²ti eva½ yath±vuttena bh±van±kkamena ceva atthavaººan±kkamena ca viditv± j±nitv±. Pakiººakakath±pi viññeyy±ti pubbe viya as±dh±raºa½ ta½ta½brahmavih±rapaµiniyatameva attha½ aggahetv± s±dh±raºabh±vato tattha tattha pakiººaka½ visaµa½ attha½ gahetv± pavattit± pakiººakakath±pi vij±nitabb±.
Mejjat²ti dhammato aññassa kattunivattanattha½ dhammameva katt±ra½ katv± niddisati. Siniyhat²ti ettha sattesu by±pajjanavasena l³khabh±vassa paµipakkhabh³ta½ ñ±ºapubbaªgama½ hit±k±rapavattivasena sinehana½ daµµhabba½, na taºh±yanavasena. Ta½ hi mohapubbaªgama½ lubbhanasabh±va½, ida½ pana adussanasabh±va½ alobhasampayutta½. Nanu ca taºh±sinehopi by±p±davirodh² tena sah±navaµµh±nato. Yadipi tena saha ekasmi½ citte nappavattati, virodh² pana na hoti appah±yakato. Mejjat²ti mitto, hitajjh±sayo khandhappabandho, tappariy±pannat±ya mitte bhav±, mitte v± ±rammaºabh³te piye puggale bhav±, mittassa es± pavatti mejjanavasena v±ti veditabb±.
Karot²ti karuº±, ki½ karoti, kesa½, ki½ nimittanti ±ha “paradukkhe sati s±dh³na½ hadayakampanan”ti. Kampananti ca paresa½ dukkha½ disv± tassa apanetuk±massa asahan±k±rena cittassa aññathatta½. Tayida½ sappuris±na½yeva hot²ti ±ha “s±dh³nan”ti. Sappuris± hi saparahitas±dhanena “s±dh³”ti vuccanti. Vin±set²ti adassana½ gameti, apanet²ti attho. Tenettha hi½sana½ apanayananti dasseti. Paradukkh±panayan±k±rappavattilakkhaº± hi karuº±. Pharaºavasen±ti phusanavasena, ±rammaºakaraºavasen±ti attho. ¾rammaºakaraºañcettha dukkhitesu dukkh±panayan±k±renev±ti daµµhabba½.
Modanti t±y±ti modanakiriy±ya mudit±ya karaºabh±vaniddeso, sv±ya½ upac±rasiddho, mudit±vinimutto natthi tattha koci katt±ti tameva kattubh±vena niddisati “saya½ v± modat²”ti, ayampi upac±raniddesova. Dhamm±na½ avasavattanatoti vasavattibh±vaniv±raºattha½ “modanamattameva v± tanti mudit±”ti ±ha.
Piy±d²su pakkhap±tupacchedanamukhena ud±sinabh±vasaªkh±t± upapattito ikkh± upekkh±. Ten±ha “aver± hont³”ti-±di. Tattha upekkhat²ti kattuniddese k±raºa½ heµµh± vuttameva.
263. Hito n±ma atthacaro, tasm± hit±k±rappavattilakkhaº±ti satt±na½ hitacaraº±k±rena pavattilakkhaº±, hit±k±rassa v± pavattanalakkhaº±. Hit³pasa½h±raras±ti sattesu hitassa upanayanakicc±, upanayanasampattik± v±. “Anattha½ me acar²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1237; vibha. 909) pavattanakassa ±gh±tassa vinayan±k±rena paccupatiµµhati, ñ±ºassa gocarabh±va½ gacchati, yattha v± saya½ uppajjati, tattha ±gh±tavinayana½ paccupaµµhapet²ti ±gh±tavinayapaccupaµµh±n±. Aman±p±nampi satt±na½ paµikk³le appaµikk³lasaññit±r³pena, pageva man±p±na½ ya½ man±pabh±vadassana½, tath±pavatto yonisomanasik±ro, ta½ padaµµh±na½ etiss±ti man±pabh±vadassanapadaµµh±n±. By±p±d³pasamoti by±p±dassa vikkhambhanavasena v³pasamo. Sampatt²ti sampajjana½ sammadeva nibbatti. Sinehasambhavoti taºh±sinehassa uppatti. Vipatt²ti vin±so. Mett±mukhena hi r±go vañceti.
Karuº±d²na½ lakkhaº±d²su imin± nayena attho veditabbo. Visesamattameva vaººayiss±ma. Satt±na½ pavattadukkhassa apanayan±k±ro. Apanayana½ pana hotu v± m± v±, yo dukkh±panayan±k±ro, tath±pavattilakkhaº± dukkh±panayan±k±rappavattilakkhaº±. Apanetuk±mat±ya paresa½ dukkhassa asahana½ anadhiv±sana½ paradukkh±sahana½. Na vihi½s± avihi½s±, satt±na½ aviheµhana½. Ta½ paccupaµµhapeti, vihi½s±ya v± paµipakkhabh±vena paccupatiµµhat²ti avihi½s±paccupaµµh±n±. Vihi½s³pasamoti ettha vihi½santi et±ya satte, vihi½sana½ v± nesa½ tanti vihi½s± satt±na½ viheµhan±k±rena pavatto karuº±ya paµipakkhabh³to paµighacittupp±do. Karuº±mukhena soko vañcet²ti ±ha “sokasambhavo vipatt²”ti.
Pamodanalakkhaº±ti parasampattiy± pamodanalakkhaº±. Aniss±yanaras±ti iss±yanassa us³yanassa paµipakkhabh±vakicc±. Satt±na½ sampattiy±, pantasen±sanesu, adhikusaladhammesu ca asahana½ aramaºa½ arati-icceva saªgaha½ gacchati, tass± vihanan±k±rena paccupatiµµhati, tassa v± vigh±ta½ v³pasama½ paccupaµµhapet²ti arativigh±tapaccupaµµh±n±.
Pah±so gehasitap²tivasena pahaµµhabh±vo uppil±vitatta½. Sattesu samabh±vadassanaras±ti piy±dibhedesu sabbasattesu ud±sinavuttiy± samabh±vasseva dassanakicc±, upapattito ikkhaºato samabh±veneva tesa½ gahaºakicc±ti attho. Sattesu paµikk³l±paµikk³l±k±r±na½ aggahaºato tattha paµigh±nunay±na½ v³pasaman±k±rena vuttiy± tesa½ v³pasama½ vikkhambhana½ paccupaµµhapet²ti paµigh±nunayav³pasamapaccupaµµh±n±. Eva½ pavattakammassakat±dassanapadaµµh±n±ti ettha “evan”ti imin± byatirekamukhena hit³pasa½h±radukkh±panayanasampattipamodan±k±rena pacc±masanto mett±d²na½ tissanna½ pavatti-±k±rapaµisedhanamukhena pavatta½ kammassakat±ñ±ºa½ upekkh±brahmavih±rassa ±sannak±raºa½, na ya½ kiñc²ti dasseti.
264. Vipassan±sukhañceva bhavasampatti c±ti ettha diµµhadhammasukhavih±ro c±ti vattabba½. Tampi hi nesa½ s±dh±raºapayojana½. Tath± “sukha½ supat²”ti-±dayo (a. ni. 8.1; 11.15) ek±das±nisa½s±. Te pana heµµh± vutt± ev±ti idha na gahit±.
Nissarati apagacchati eten±ti nissaraºa½, pah±yaka½. K±mañcetehi pañcapi n²varaº±ni, tadekaµµh± ca p±padhamm± vikkhambhanavasena pah²yanti, ujuvipaccan²kadassanavasena pana by±p±d±dayo p±¼iya½ (d². ni. 3.326; a. ni. 6.13) vutt±. Evañca katv± r±ganissaraºat±vacana½ upekkh±brahmavih±rassa suµµhu samatthita½ daµµhabba½.
265. Etth±ti etesu brahmavih±resu. Mett± sattesu yath±raha½ d±napiyavacan±dis²lasut±diguºagahaºavasena pavattati. Tena vutta½ “satt±na½ man±pabh±vadassanapadaµµh±n±”ti. R±gopi tattha yath± tath± guºaggahaºamukheneva pavattati man±pasaññ±palobhatoti ±ha “guºadassanasabh±gat±y±”ti. Tasm± mittamukhasapatto viya tuly±k±rena d³sanato r±go mett±ya ±sannapaccatthiko, so lahu½ ot±ra½ labhati satisammosamatten±pi metta½ apan²ya tass± vatthusmi½ uppajjan±rahatt± Tatoti r±gato, r±gassa v± ot±ral±bhato. Sabh±gavisabh±gat±y±ti sabh±gassa, sabh±gena v± visabh±gat±ya. Sattesu hi man±p±k±rag±hino mett±sabh±gassa tabbipar²tasabh±vo by±p±do tena visabh±go. Tasm± so ot±ra½ labham±no cireneva labheyy±ti purisassa d³re µhitasapatto viya mett±ya d³rapaccatthiko. Tatoti by±p±dato. Nibbhayen±ti anussaªkanaparisaªkanena, laddhapatiµµh±ya mett±ya by±p±dena duppadha½siyatt±ti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “mett±yissat²”ti-±di.
Iµµh±nanti piy±na½. Kant±nanti kaman²y±na½. Man±p±nanti manava¹¹hanak±na½. Tato eva mano rament²ti manoram±na½. Lok±misapaµisa½yutt±nanti taºh±sannissit±na½. Appaµil±bhato samanupassatoti appaµil±bhena ahamime na labh±m²ti paritassato. At²tanti atikkanta½. Niruddhanti nirodhappatta½. Vipariºatanti sabh±vavigamena vigata½. Samanussaratoti anutthunanavasena cintayato. Gehasitanti k±maguºanissita½. “¾din±”ti imin± “sotaviññeyy±na½ sadd±nan”ti evam±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Vipattidassanasabh±gat±y±ti yesu sattesu bhog±divipattidassanamukhena karuº± pavattati, tesu tannimittameva ayoniso ±bhoge sati yath±vuttadomanassamukhena soko uppajjeyya, so karuº±ya ±sannapaccatthiko. Soko hi idha domanassas²sena vutto. Sabh±gavisabh±gat±y±ti ettha sattesu dukkh±panayanak±mat±k±rassa karuº±sabh±gassa tesu dukkh³panayan±k±ro vihes±sabh±vo visabh±goti t±ya sabh±gavisabh±gat±ya s± ot±ra½ labham±n± cireneva labheyy±ti purisassa d³re µhitasapatto viya karuº±ya d³rapaccatthik± vutt±.
Sampattidassanasabh±gat±y±ti yesu sattesu bhog±disampattidassanamukhena mudit± pavattati, tesu tannimittameva ayoniso ±bhoge sati “cakkhuviññeyy±na½ r³p±nan”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.306) vuttasomanassamukhena pah±so uppajjeyya, so ca mudit±ya ±sannapaccatthiko. Pah±so hi idha somanassas²sena vutto. Sabh±gavisabh±gat±y±ti bhog±disampatt²hi muditesu sattesu pamodan±k±rassa mudit±sabh±gassa tattha anabhiraman±k±r± arati visabh±g±ti t±ya sabh±gavisabh±gat±ya s± ot±ra½ labham±n± cireneva labheyy±ti purisassa d³re µhitasapatto viya mudit±ya d³rapaccatthik± vutt±. Pamudito c±ti-±di mudit±ya siddh±ya ayampi arati na hot²ti laddhabbaguºadassanavasena vutta½, na idh±dhippeta-aratiniggahadassanavasena. K±yacittavivekapaµipakkh±ya v± aratiy± vikkhambhit±ya mudit±ya paµipakkh± arati suvikkhambhaneyy± hot²ti dassanattha½ ekadesena arati dassit±ti daµµhabba½. Adhikusaladhammes³ti samathavipassan±dhammesu.
B±lakaradhammayogato b±lassa. Attahitaparahitaby±m³¼hat±ya m³¼hassa. Puth³na½ kiles±d²na½ janan±d²hi k±raºehi puthujjanassa. Kilesodh²na½ maggodh²hi ajitatt± anodhijinassa, odhijin± v± sekkh± odhisova kiles±na½ jitatt±. Tena imassa odhijitabh±va½ paµikkhipati. Sattamabhav±dito uddha½ pavattanavip±kassa ajitatt± avip±kajinassa, vip±kajin± v± arahanto appaµisandhikatt±. Tenassa asekkhatta½ paµikkhipati. Anek±d²nave sabbesampi p±padhamm±na½ m³labh³te sammohe ±d²nav±na½ adassanas²lat±ya an±d²navadass±vino. ¾gam±dhigam±bh±v± assutavato. Ediso eka½sena andhaputhujjano n±ma hot²ti tassa andhaputhujjanabh±vadassanattha½ punapi “puthujjanass±”ti vutta½. Evar³p±ti vutt±k±rena sammohapubbik±. R³pa½ s± n±tivattat²ti r³p±na½ samatikkaman±ya k±raºa½ na hoti, r³p±rammaºe kilese n±tivattat²ti adhipp±yo. Somanassadomanassarahita½ aññ±ºameva aññ±ºupekkh±. Dosaguº±vic±raºavasena sabh±gatt±ti yath± brahmavih±rupekkh± mett±dayo viya sattesu hit³pasa½h±r±divasena guºadose avic±rent² kevala½ ajjhupekkhanavaseneva pavattati, eva½ aññ±ºupekkh± sattesu vijjam±nampi guºadosa½ acintent² kevala½ ajjhupekkhanavaseneva pavattat²ti dosaguº±vic±raºavasena sabh±g±. Tasm± s± lahu½ ot±ra½ labhat²ti brahmavih±rupekkh±ya ±sannapaccatthik± vutt±. Sabh±gavisabh±gat±y±ti iµµh±niµµhesu majjhatt±k±rassa upekkh±sabh±gassa tattha anurodhavirodhapavatti-±k±r± r±gapaµigh± visabh±g±ti t±ya sabh±gavisabh±gat±ya te ot±ra½ labham±n± cireneva labheyyunti purisassa d³re µhitasapatto viya upekkh±brahmavih±rassa d³rapaccatthik± vutt±.