Nirodhasam±pattikath±

867. Nirodhasam±pattisam±pajjanasamatthat±ti na kevalańca ariyaphalaras±nubhavana½yeva, aya½ pana nirodhasam±pattiy± sam±pajjanasamatthat±pi imiss± pańń±bh±van±ya ±nisa½soti veditabbo.
Tatrida½ nirodhasam±pattiy± vibh±vanattha½ pańh±kamma½– k± nirodhasam±patti, ke ta½ sam±pajjanti, ke na sam±pajjanti, kattha sam±pajjanti, kasm± sam±pajjanti, kathańcass± sam±pajjana½ hoti, katha½ µh±na½, katha½ vuµµh±na½, vuµµhitassa ki½ninna½ citta½ hoti, matassa ca sam±pannassa ca ko viseso, nirodhasam±patti ki½ saŖkhat± asaŖkhat± lokiy± lokuttar± nipphann± anipphann±ti?
868. Tattha k± nirodhasam±patt²ti y± anupubbanirodhavasena cittacetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ appavatti. Ke ta½ sam±pajjanti, ke na sam±pajjant²ti sabbepi puthujjan±, sot±pann±, sakad±g±mino, sukkhavipassak± ca an±g±mino, arahanto na sam±pajjanti. Aµµhasam±pattil±bhino pana an±g±mino, kh²ŗ±sav± ca sam±pajjanti. “Dv²hi balehi samann±gatatt± tayo ca saŖkh±r±na½ paµippassaddhiy±, so¼asahi ń±ŗacariy±hi, navahi sam±dhicariy±hi vas²bh±vat± pańń± nirodhasam±pattiy± ń±ŗan”ti (paµi. ma. m±tik± 1.34) hi vutta½. Ayańca sampad± µhapetv± aµµhasam±pattil±bhino an±g±mikh²ŗ±save ańńesa½ natthi. Tasm± teyeva sam±pajjanti, na ańńe.
869. Katam±ni panettha dve bal±ni…pe… katam± vas²bh±vat±ti? Na ettha kińci amhehi vattabba½ atthi. Sabbamida½ etassa uddesassa niddese vuttameva. Yath±ha–
“Dv²hi baleh²ti dve bal±ni samathabala½ vipassan±bala½. Katama½ samathabala½? Nekkhammavasena cittassa ekaggat± avikkhepo samathabala½. Aby±p±davasena… ±lokasańń±vasena… avikkhepavasena…pe… paµinissagg±nupassi-ass±savasena… paµinissagg±nupassipass±savasena cittassa ekaggat± avikkhepo samathabalanti. Kenaµµhena samathabala½? Paµhamajjh±nena n²varaŗe na kampat²ti samathabala½. Dutiyajjh±nena vitakkavic±re…pe… nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanasam±pattiy± ±kińcańń±yatanasańń±ya na kampat²ti samathabala½. Uddhacce ca uddhaccasahagatakilese ca khandhe ca na kampati na calati na vedhat²ti samathabala½. Ida½ samathabala½.
“Katama½ vipassan±bala½? Anicc±nupassan± vipassan±bala½. Dukkh±nupassan±… anatt±nupassan±… nibbid±nupassan±… vir±g±nupassan±… nirodh±nupassan±… paµinissagg±nupassan± vipassan±bala½. R³pe anicc±nupassan±…pe… r³pe paµinissagg±nupassan± vipassan±bala½. Vedan±ya… sańń±ya… saŖkh±resu… vińń±ŗe… cakkhusmi½…pe… jar±maraŗe anicc±nupassan±. Jar±maraŗe paµinissagg±nupassan± vipassan±balanti. Kenaµµhena vipassan±bala½? Anicc±nupassan±ya niccasańń±ya na kampat²ti vipassan±bala½. Dukkh±nupassan±ya sukhasańń±ya na kampat²ti… anatt±nupassan±ya attasańń±ya na kampat²ti… nibbid±nupassan±ya nandiy± na kampat²ti… vir±g±nupassan±ya r±ge na kampat²ti… nirodh±nupassan±ya samudaye na kampat²ti… paµinissagg±nupassan±ya ±d±ne na kampat²ti vipassan±bala½. Avijj±ya ca avijj±sahagatakilese ca khandhe ca na kampati na calati na vedhat²ti vipassan±bala½. Ida½ vipassan±bala½.
“Tayo ca saŖkh±r±na½ paµippassaddhiy±ti katamesa½ tiŗŗanna½ saŖkh±r±na½ paµippassaddhiy±? Dutiyajjh±na½ sam±pannassa vitakkavic±r± vac²saŖkh±r± paµippassaddh± honti. Catuttha½ jh±na½ sam±pannassa ass±sapass±s± k±yasaŖkh±r± paµippassaddh± honti. Sańń±vedayitanirodha½ sam±pannassa sańń± ca vedan± ca cittasaŖkh±r± paµippassaddh± honti. Imesa½ tiŗŗanna½ saŖkh±r±na½ paµippassaddhiy±.
“So¼asahi ń±ŗacariy±h²ti katam±hi so¼asahi ń±ŗacariy±hi? Anicc±nupassan± ń±ŗacariy±. Dukkh±… anatt±… nibbid±… vir±g±… nirodh±… paµinissagg±… vivaµµ±nupassan± ń±ŗacariy±. Sot±pattimaggo ń±ŗacariy±. Sot±pattiphalasam±patti ń±ŗacariy±. Sakad±g±mimaggo…pe… arahattaphalasam±patti ń±ŗacariy±. Im±hi so¼asahi ń±ŗacariy±hi.
“Navahi sam±dhicariy±h²ti katam±hi navahi sam±dhicariy±hi? Paµhamajjh±na½ sam±dhicariy±. Dutiyajjh±na½…pe… nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanasam±patti sam±dhicariy±. Paµhamajjh±napaµil±bhatth±ya vitakko ca vic±ro ca p²ti ca sukhańca cittekaggat± ca…pe… nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanasam±patti½ paµil±bhatth±ya vitakko ca vic±ro ca p²ti ca sukhańca cittekaggat± ca. Im±hi navahi sam±dhicariy±hi.
“Vas²ti pańca vasiyo– ±vajjanavas², sam±pajjanavas², adhiµµh±navas², vuµµh±navas², paccavekkhaŗavas². Paµhamajjh±na½ yatthicchaka½ yadicchaka½ y±vaticchaka½ ±vajjati, ±vajjan±ya dandh±yitatta½ natth²ti ±vajjanavas². Paµhamajjh±na½ yatthicchaka½ yadicchaka½ y±vaticchaka½ sam±pajjati, sam±pajjan±ya dandh±yitatta½ natth²ti sam±pajjanavas²…pe… adhiµµh±ti adhiµµh±ne…pe… vuµµh±ti vuµµh±ne…pe… paccavekkhati paccavekkhaŗ±ya dandh±yitatta½ natth²ti paccavekkhaŗavas². Dutiya½…pe… nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanasam±patti½ yatthicchaka½ yadicchaka½ y±vaticchaka½ ±vajjati …pe… paccavekkhati. Paccavekkhaŗ±ya dandh±yitatta½ natth²ti paccavekkhaŗavas². Im± pańca vasiyo”ti (paµi. ma. 1.83).
870. Ettha ca “so¼asahi ń±ŗacariy±h²”ti ukkaµµhaniddeso esa. An±g±mino pana cuddasahi ń±ŗacariy±hi hoti. Yadi eva½ sakad±g±mino dv±dasahi sot±pannassa ca dasahi ki½ na hot²ti? Na hoti, sam±dhip±ribandhikassa pańca k±maguŗikar±gassa appah²natt±. Tesa½ hi so appah²no. Tasm± samathabala½ na paripuŗŗa½ hoti, tasmi½ aparip³re dv²hi balehi sam±pajjitabba½ nirodhasam±patti½ balavekallena sam±pajjitu½ na sakkonti. An±g±missa pana so pah²no, tasm± esa paripuŗŗabalo hoti. Paripuŗŗabalatt± sakkoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “nirodh± vuµµhahantassa nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanakusala½ phalasam±pattiy± anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.417). Idańhi paµµh±ne mah±pakaraŗe an±g±minova nirodh± vuµµh±na½ sandh±ya vuttanti.
871. Kattha sam±pajjant²ti pańcavok±rabhave. Kasm±? Anupubbasam±pattisabbh±vato. Catuvok±rabhave pana paµhamajjh±n±d²na½ uppatti natthi. Tasm± na sakk± tattha sam±pajjitunti. Keci pana “vatthussa abh±v±”ti vadanti.
872. Kasm± sam±pajjant²ti saŖkh±r±na½ pavattibhede ukkaŗµhitv± diµµheva dhamme acittak± hutv± “nirodha½ nibb±na½ patv± sukha½ vihariss±m±”ti sam±pajjanti.
873. Kathańcass± sam±pajjana½ hot²ti samathavipassan±vasena ussakkitv± katapubbakiccassa nevasańń±n±sańń±yatana½ nirodhayato, evamassa sam±pajjana½ hoti. Yo hi samathavaseneva ussakkati, so nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanasam±patti½ patv± tiµµhati. Yo pana vipassan±vaseneva ussakkati, so phalasam±patti½ patv± tiµµhati. Yo pana ubhayavaseneva ussakkitv± pubbakicca½ katv± nevasańń±n±sańń±yatana½ nirodheti, so ta½ sam±pajjat²ti ayamettha saŖkhepo.
874. Aya½ pana vitth±ro– idha bhikkhu nirodha½ sam±pajjituk±mo katabhattakicco sudhotahatthap±do vivitte ok±se supańńattamhi ±sane nis²dati pallaŖka½ ±bhujitv± uju½ k±ya½ paŗidh±ya parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±, so paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya tattha saŖkh±re aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassati.
Vipassan± panes± tividh± hoti– saŖkh±raparigaŗhanakavipassan±, phalasam±pattivipassan±, nirodhasam±pattivipassan±ti. Tattha saŖkh±raparigaŗhanakavipassan± mand± v± hotu tikkh± v±, maggassa padaµµh±na½ hotiyeva. Phalasam±pattivipassan± tikkh±va vaµµati maggabh±van±sadis±. Nirodhasam±pattivipassan± pana n±timandan±titikkh± vaµµati. Tasm± esa n±timand±ya n±titikkh±ya vipassan±ya te saŖkh±re vipassati.
Tato dutiya½ jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya tattha saŖkh±re tatheva vipassati. Tato tatiya½ jh±na½…pe… tato vińń±ŗańc±yatana½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya tattha saŖkh±re tatheva vipassati. Tath± ±kińcańń±yatana½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya catubbidha½ pubbakicca½ karoti– n±n±baddha-avikopana½, saŖghapaµim±nana½, satthupakkosana½, addh±naparicchedanti.
875. Tattha n±n±baddha-avikopananti ya½ imin± bhikkhun± saddhi½ ek±baddha½ na hoti, n±n±baddha½ hutv± µhita½ pattac²vara½ v± mańcap²µha½ v± niv±sageha½ v± ańńa½ v± pana kińci parikkh±raj±ta½, ta½ yath± na vikuppati, aggi-udakav±tacora-und³r±d²na½ vasena na vinassati, eva½ adhiµµh±tabba½.
Tatrida½ adhiµµh±navidh±na½ “idańca idańca imasmi½ satt±habbhantare m± aggin± jh±yatu, m± udakena vuyhatu, m± v±tena viddha½satu, m± corehi hariyatu, m± und³r±d²hi khajjat³”ti. Eva½ adhiµµhite ta½ satt±ha½ tassa na koci parissayo hoti.
Anadhiµµhahato pana aggi-±d²hi vinassati mah±n±gattherassa viya. Thero kira m±tu-up±sik±ya g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya p±visi. Up±sik± y±gu½ datv± ±sanas±l±ya nis²d±pesi. Thero nirodha½ sam±pajjitv± nis²di. Tasmi½ nisinne ±sanas±l±ya aggin± gahit±ya sesabhikkh³ attano attano nisinn±sana½ gahetv± pal±yi½su. G±mav±sik± sannipatitv± thera½ disv± “alasasamaŗo”ti ±ha½su. Aggi tiŗaveŗukaµµh±ni jh±petv± thera½ parikkhipitv± aµµh±si. Manuss± ghaµehi udaka½ ±haritv± nibb±petv± ch±rika½ apanetv± paribhaŗ¹a½ katv± pupph±ni vikiritv± namassam±n± aµµha½su. Thero paricchinnak±lavasena vuµµh±ya te disv± “p±kaµomhi j±to”ti veh±sa½ uppatitv± piyaŖgud²pa½ agam±si. Ida½ n±n±baddha-avikopana½ n±ma.
Ya½ ek±baddha½ hoti niv±sanap±vuraŗa½ v± nisinn±sana½ v±, tattha visu½ adhiµµh±nakicca½ natthi. Sam±pattivaseneva na½ rakkhati ±yasmato sańj²vassa viya Vuttampi ceta½ “±yasmato sańj²vassa sam±dhivipph±r± iddhi, ±yasmato s±riputtassa sam±dhivipph±r± iddh²”ti.
876. SaŖghapaµim±nananti saŖghassa paµim±nana½ udikkhana½. Y±va eso bhikkhu ±gacchati, t±va saŖghakammassa akaraŗanti attho. Ettha ca na paµim±nana½ etassa pubbakicca½, paµim±nan±vajjana½ pana pubbakicca½. Tasm± eva½ ±vajjitabba½ “sace mayi satt±ha½ nirodha½ sam±pajjitv± nisinne saŖgho uttikamm±d²su kińcideva kamma½ kattuk±mo hoti, y±va ma½ koci bhikkhu ±gantv± na pakkosati, t±vadeva vuµµhahiss±m²”ti. Eva½ katv± sam±panno hi tasmi½ samaye vuµµh±tiyeva.
Yo pana eva½ na karoti, saŖgho ca sannipatitv± ta½ apassanto “asuko bhikkhu kuhin”ti “nirodhasam±panno”ti vutte saŖgho kańci bhikkhu½ peseti “gaccha na½ saŖghassa vacanena pakkos±h²”ti. Athassa tena bhikkhun± savan³pac±re µhatv± “saŖgho ta½ ±vuso paµim±net²”ti vuttamatteva vuµµh±na½ hoti. Eva½ garuk± hi saŖghassa ±ŗ± n±ma. Tasm± ta½ ±vajjitv± yath± sayameva vuµµh±ti, eva½ sam±pajjitabba½.
877. Satthupakkosananti idh±pi satthupakkosan±vajjanameva imassa kicca½. Tasm± tampi eva½ ±vajjitabba½ “sace mayi satt±ha½ nirodha½ sam±pajjitv± nisinne satth± otiŗŗavatthusmi½ sikkh±pada½ v± pańńapeti, tath±r³p±ya v± atthuppattiy± dhamma½ deseti, y±va ma½ koci ±gantv± na pakkosati, t±vadeva vuµµhahiss±m²”ti. Eva½ katv± nisinno hi tasmi½ samaye vuµµh±tiyeva.
Yo pana eva½ na karoti, satth± ca saŖghe sannipatite ta½ apassanto “asuko bhikkhu kuhin”ti “nirodhasam±panno”ti vutte kańci bhikkhu½ peseti “gaccha na½ mama vacanena pakkos±”ti. Athassa tena bhikkhun± savan³pac±re µhatv± “satth± ±yasmanta½ ±mantet²”ti vuttamatteva vuµµh±na½ hoti. Eva½ garuka½ hi satthupakkosana½, tasm± ta½ ±vajjitv± yath± sayameva vuµµh±ti, eva½ sam±pajjitabba½.
878. Addh±naparicchedoti j²vitaddh±nassa paricchedo. Imin± bhikkhun± addh±naparicchede sukusalena bhavitabba½. Attano “±yusaŖkh±r± satt±ha½ pavattissanti na pavattissant²”ti ±vajjitv±va sam±pajjitabba½. Sace hi satt±habbhantare nirujjhanake ±yusaŖkh±re an±vajjitv±va sam±pajjati, n±ssa nirodhasam±patti maraŗa½ paµib±hitu½ sakkoti. Antonirodhe maraŗassa natthit±ya antar±va sam±pattito vuµµh±ti. Tasm± eta½ ±vajjitv±va sam±pajjitabba½. Avasesa½ hi an±vajjitumpi vaµµati. Ida½ pana ±vajjitabbamev±ti vutta½.
879. So eva½ ±kińcańń±yatana½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya ima½ pubbakicca½ katv± nevasańń±n±sańń±yatana½ sam±pajjati. Atheka½ v± dve v± cittav±re atikkamitv± acittako hoti, nirodha½ phusati. Kasm± panassa dvinna½ citt±na½ uparicitt±ni na pavattant²ti? Nirodhassa payogatt±. Idańhi imassa bhikkhuno dve samathavipassan±dhamme yuganaddhe katv± aµµha sam±patti-±rohana½ anupubbanirodhassa payogo, na nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanasam±pattiy±ti nirodhassa payogatt± dvinna½ citt±na½ upari na pavattanti.
Yo pana bhikkhu ±kińcańń±yatanato vuµµh±ya ida½ pubbakicca½ akatv± nevasańń±n±sańń±yatana½ sam±pajjati, so parato acittako bhavitu½ na sakkoti, paµinivattitv± puna ±kińcańń±yataneyeva patiµµh±ti. Magga½ agatapubbapuris³pam± cettha vattabb±–
Eko kira puriso eka½ magga½ agatapubbo antar± udakakandara½ v± gambh²ra½ udakacikkhalla½ atikkamitv± µhapita½ caŗ¹±tapasantattap±s±ŗa½ v± ±gamma ta½ niv±sanap±vuraŗa½ asaŗµhapetv±va kandara½ or³¼ho parikkh±ratemanabhayena punadeva t²re patiµµh±ti. P±s±ŗa½ akkamitv±pi santattap±do punadeva orabh±ge patiµµh±ti. Tattha yath± so puriso asaŗµhapitaniv±sanap±vuraŗatt± kandara½ otiŗŗamattova, tattap±s±ŗa½ akkantamatto eva ca paµinivattitv± oratova patiµµh±ti, eva½ yog±vacaropi pubbakiccassa akatatt± nevasańń±n±sańń±yatana½ sam±pannamattova paµinivattitv± ±kińcańń±yatane patiµµh±ti.
Yath± pana pubbepi ta½ magga½ gatapubbapuriso ta½ µh±na½ ±gamma eka½ s±µaka½ da¼ha½ niv±setv± apara½ hatthena gahetv± kandara½ uttaritv± tattap±s±ŗa½ v± akkantamattakameva karitv± parato gacchati, evameva½ katapubbakicco bhikkhu nevasańń±n±sańń±yatana½ sam±pajjitv±va parato acittako hutv± nirodha½ phusitv± viharati.
880. Katha½ µh±nanti eva½ sam±pann±ya panass± k±laparicchedavasena ceva antar±-±yukkhayasaŖghapaµim±nanasatthupakkosan±bh±vena ca µh±na½ hoti.
881. Katha½ vuµµh±nanti an±g±missa an±g±miphaluppattiy±, arahato arahattaphaluppattiy±ti eva½ dvedh± vuµµh±na½ hoti.
882. Vuµµhitassa ki½ninna½ citta½ hot²ti nibb±naninna½. Vutta½ heta½ “sańń±vedayitanirodhasam±pattiy± vuµµhitassa kho, ±vuso vis±kha, bhikkhuno vivekaninna½ citta½ hoti vivekapoŗa½ vivekapabbh±ran”ti (ma. ni. 1.464).
883. Matassa ca sam±pannassa ca ko visesoti ayampi attho sutte vuttoyeva. Yath±ha– “yv±ya½, ±vuso, mato k±laŖkato, tassa k±yasaŖkh±r± niruddh± paµippassaddh±, vac²saŖkh±r±… cittasaŖkh±r± niruddh± paµippassaddh±, ±yu parikkh²ŗo, usm± v³pasant±, indriy±ni paribhinn±ni. Yo c±ya½ bhikkhu sańń±vedayitanirodha½ sam±panno, tassapi k±yasaŖkh±r± niruddh± paµippassaddh±, vac²saŖkh±r±… cittasaŖkh±r± niruddh± paµippassaddh±, ±yu aparikkh²ŗo, usm± av³pasant±, indriy±ni aparibhinn±n²”ti (ma. ni. 1.457).
884. Nirodhasam±patti saŖkhat±ti-±dipucch±ya½ pana saŖkhat±tipi asaŖkhat±tipi lokiy±tipi lokuttar±tipi na vattabb±. Kasm±? Sabh±vato natthit±ya. Yasm± panass± sam±pajjantassa vasena sam±pann± n±ma hoti, tasm± nipphann±ti vattu½ vaµµati, no anipphann±.
Iti santa½ sam±patti½, ima½ ariyanisevita½;
diµµheva dhamme nibb±namitisaŖkha½ up±gata½;
bh±vetv± ariya½ pańńa½, sam±pajjanti paŗ¹it±.
Yasm± tasm± imiss±pi, sam±pattisamatthat±;
ariyamaggesu pańń±ya, ±nisa½soti vuccat²ti.