Pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗakath±

402. Pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗakath±ya½ pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗ±y±ti (d². ni. 1.244) pubbeniv±s±nussatimhi ya½ ń±ŗa½, tadatth±ya. Pubbeniv±soti pubbe at²taj±t²su nivutthakkhandh±. Nivutth±ti ajjh±vutth± anubh³t± attano sant±ne uppajjitv± niruddh±. Nivutthadhamm± v±. Nivutth±ti gocaraniv±sena nivutth± attano vińń±ŗena vińń±t± paricchinn±, paravińń±ŗavińń±t±pi v± chinnavaµumak±nussaraŗ±d²su, te buddh±na½yeva labbhanti. Pubbeniv±s±nussat²ti y±ya satiy± pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati, s± pubbeniv±s±nussati. ѱŗanti t±ya satiy± sampayuttań±ŗa½. Evamimassa pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗassa atth±ya pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗ±ya etassa ń±ŗassa adhigam±ya pattiy±ti vutta½ hoti.
Anekavihitanti anekavidha½, anekehi v± pak±rehi pavattita½, sa½vaŗŗitanti attho. Pubbeniv±santi samanantar±t²tabhava½ ±di½ katv± tattha tattha nivutthasant±na½. Anussarat²ti khandhapaµip±µivasena cutipaµisandhivasena v± anugantv± anugantv± sarati. Imańhi pubbeniv±sa½ cha jan± anussaranti– titthiy±, pakatis±vak±, mah±s±vak±, aggas±vak±, paccekabuddh±, buddh±ti.
Tattha titthiy± catt±l²sa½yeva kappe anussaranti, na tato para½. Kasm±, dubbalapańńatt±. Tesańhi n±mar³paparicchedavirahitatt± dubbal± pańń± hoti. Pakatis±vak± kappasatampi kappasahassampi anussarantiyeva, balavapańńatt±. As²timah±s±vak± satasahassakappe anussaranti. Dve aggas±vak± eka½ asaŖkhyeyya½ satasahassańca. Paccekabuddh± dve asaŖkhyeyy±ni satasahassańca. Ettako hi etesa½ abhin²h±ro. Buddh±na½ pana paricchedo n±ma natthi.
Titthiy± ca khandhapaµip±µimeva saranti, paµip±µi½ muńcitv± cutipaµisandhivasena saritu½ na sakkonti. Tesańhi andh±na½ viya icchitapadesokkamana½ natthi. Yath± pana andh± yaµµhi½ amuńcitv±va gacchanti, eva½ te khandh±na½ paµip±µi½ amuńcitv±va saranti. Pakatis±vak± khandhapaµip±µiy±pi anussaranti cutipaµisandhivasenapi saŖkamanti. Tath± as²timah±s±vak±. Dvinna½ pana aggas±vak±na½ khandhapaµip±µikicca½ natthi. Ekassa attabh±vassa cuti½ disv± paµisandhi½ passanti, puna aparassa cuti½ disv± paµisandhinti eva½ cutipaµisandhivaseneva saŖkamant± gacchanti. Tath± paccekabuddh±.
Buddh±na½ pana neva khandhapaµip±µikicca½, na cutipaµisandhivasena saŖkamanakicca½ atthi. Tesańhi anek±su kappakoµ²su heµµh± v± upari v± ya½ ya½ µh±na½ icchanti, ta½ ta½ p±kaµameva hoti. Tasm± anek±pi kappakoµiyo peyy±lap±¼i½ viya sa½khipitv± ya½ ya½ icchanti, tatra tatreva okkamant± s²hokkantavasena gacchanti. Eva½ gacchant±nańca nesa½ ń±ŗa½ yath± n±ma katav±lavedhaparicayassa sarabhaŖgasadisassa dhanuggahassa khitto saro antar± rukkhalat±d²su asajjam±no lakkheyeva patati, na sajjati, na virajjhati, eva½ antarantar±su j±t²su na sajjati, na virajjhati, asajjam±na½ avirajjham±na½ icchiticchitaµµh±na½yeva gaŗh±ti.
Imesu ca pana pubbeniv±sa½ anussaraŗasattesu titthiy±na½ pubbeniv±sadassana½ khajjupanakapabh±sadisa½ hutv± upaµµh±ti. Pakatis±vak±na½ d²pappabh±sadisa½. Mah±s±vak±na½ ukk±pabh±sadisa½ Aggas±vak±na½ osadhit±rakappabh±sadisa½. Paccekabuddh±na½ candappabh±sadisa½. Buddh±na½ rasmisahassapaµimaŗ¹itasaradas³riyamaŗ¹alasadisa½ hutv± upaµµh±ti.
Titthiy±nańca pubbeniv±s±nussaraŗa½ andh±na½ yaµµhikoµigamana½ viya hoti. Pakatis±vak±na½ daŗ¹akasetugamana½ viya. Mah±s±vak±na½ jaŖghasetugamana½ viya. Aggas±vak±na½ sakaµasetugamana½ viya. Paccekabuddh±na½ mah±jaŖghamaggagamana½ viya. Buddh±na½ mah±sakaµamaggagamana½ viya.
Imasmi½ pana adhik±re s±vak±na½ pubbeniv±s±nussaraŗa½ adhippeta½. Tena vutta½ “anussarat²ti khandhapaµip±µivasena cutipaµisandhivasena v± anugantv± anugantv± sarat²”ti.
403. Tasm± evamanussarituk±mena ±dikammikena bhikkhun± pacch±bhatta½ piŗ¹ap±tapaµikkantena rahogatena paµisallinena paµip±µiy± catt±ri jh±n±ni sam±pajjitv± abhińń±p±dakacatutthajjh±nato vuµµh±ya sabbapacchim± nisajj± ±vajjitabb±. Tato ±sanapańń±pana½, sen±sanappavesana½, pattac²varapaµis±mana½, bhojanak±lo, g±mato ±gamanak±lo, g±me piŗ¹±ya caritak±lo, g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya paviµµhak±lo, vih±rato nikkhamanak±lo, cetiyaŖgaŗabodhiyaŖgaŗavandanak±lo, pattadhovanak±lo, pattapaµiggahaŗak±lo, pattapaµiggahaŗato y±va mukhadhovan± katakicca½, pacc³sak±le katakicca½, majjhimay±me katakicca½, paµhamay±me katakiccanti eva½ paµilomakkamena sakala½ rattindiva½ katakicca½ ±vajjitabba½. Ettaka½ pana pakaticittassapi p±kaµa½ hoti. Parikammasam±dhicittassa pana atip±kaµameva.
Sace panettha kińci na p±kaµa½ hoti, puna p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya ±vajjitabba½. Ettakena d²pe jalite viya p±kaµa½ hoti. Eva½ paµilomakkameneva dutiyadivasepi tatiyacatutthapańcamadivasepi das±hepi a¹¹ham±sepi m±sepi y±va sa½vacchar±pi katakicca½ ±vajjitabba½. Eteneva up±yena dasavass±ni v²sativass±n²ti y±va imasmi½ bhave attano paµisandhi, t±va ±vajjantena purimabhave cutikkhaŗe pavattitan±mar³pa½ ±vajjitabba½. Pahoti hi paŗ¹ito bhikkhu paµhamav±reneva paµisandhi½ uggh±µetv± cutikkhaŗe n±mar³pam±rammaŗa½ k±tu½.
Yasm± pana purimabhave n±mar³pa½ asesa½ niruddha½ ańńa½ uppanna½, tasm± ta½ µh±na½ ±hundarika½ andhatamamiva hoti duddasa½ duppańńena. Ten±pi “na sakkomaha½ paµisandhi½ uggh±µetv± cutikkhaŗe pavattitan±mar³pam±rammaŗa½ k±tun”ti dhuranikkhepo na k±tabbo. Tadeva pana p±dakajjh±na½ punappuna½ sam±pajjitabba½. Tato ca vuµµh±ya vuµµh±ya ta½ µh±na½ ±vajjitabba½.
Eva½ karonto hi seyyath±pi n±ma balav± puriso k³µ±g±rakaŗŗikatth±ya mah±rukkha½ chindanto s±kh±pal±sacchedanamatteneva pharasudh±r±ya vipann±ya mah±rukkha½ chinditu½ asakkontopi dhuranikkhepa½ akatv±va kamm±ras±la½ gantv± tikhiŗa½ pharasu½ k±r±petv± puna ±gantv± chindeyya, puna vipann±ya ca punapi tatheva k±retv± chindeyya. So eva½ chindanto chinnassa chinnassa puna chetabb±bh±vato acchinnassa ca chedanato nacirasseva mah±rukkha½ p±teyya, evameva½ p±dakajjh±n± vuµµh±ya pubbe ±vajjita½ an±vajjitv± paµisandhimeva ±vajjanto nacirasseva paµisandhi½ uggh±µetv± cutikkhaŗe pavattitan±mar³pa½ ±rammaŗa½ kareyy±ti. Kaµµhaph±lakakesoh±rak±d²hipi ayamattho d²petabbo.
Tattha pacchimanisajjato pabhuti y±va paµisandhito ±rammaŗa½ katv± pavatta½ ń±ŗa½ pubbeniv±sań±ŗa½ n±ma na hoti. Ta½ pana parikammasam±dhiń±ŗa½ n±ma hoti. At²ta½sań±ŗantipi eke vadanti. Ta½ r³p±vacara½ sandh±ya na yujjati. Yad± panassa bhikkhuno paµisandhi½ atikkamma cutikkhaŗe pavattitan±mar³pa½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± manodv±r±vajjana½ uppajjati, tasmińca niruddhe tadev±rammaŗa½ katv± catt±ri pańca v± javan±ni javanti. Sesa½ pubbe vuttanayeneva purim±ni parikamm±din±mak±ni k±m±vacar±ni honti. Pacchima½ r³p±vacara½ catutthajjh±nika½ appan±citta½. Tad±ssa ya½ tena cittena saha ń±ŗa½ uppajjati, ida½ pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗa½ n±ma. Tena ń±ŗena sampayutt±ya satiy± anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati. Seyyathida½, ekampi j±ti½ dvepi j±tiyo…pe… iti s±k±ra½ sa-uddesa½ anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarat²ti (d². ni. 1.244).
404. Tattha ekampi j±tinti ekampi paµisandhim³la½ cutipariyos±na½ ekabhavapariy±panna½ khandhasant±na½. Esa nayo dvepi j±tiyoti-±d²supi. Anekepi sa½vaµµakappeti-±d²su pana parih±yam±no kappo sa½vaµµakappo, va¹¹ham±no vivaµµakappoti veditabbo. Tattha sa½vaµµena sa½vaµµaµµh±y² gahito hoti, ta½m³lakatt±. Vivaµµena ca vivaµµaµµh±y², evańhi sati y±ni t±ni “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, kappassa asaŖkhyeyy±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri? Sa½vaµµo, sa½vaµµaµµh±y², vivaµµo, vivaµµaµµh±y²ti (a. ni. 4.156 thoka½ visadisa½) vutt±ni, t±ni pariggahit±ni honti.
Tattha tayo sa½vaµµ±– ±posa½vaµµo, tejosa½vaµµo, v±yosa½vaµµoti. Tisso sa½vaµµas²m±– ±bhassar±, subhakiŗh±, vehapphal±ti.
Yad± kappo tejena sa½vaµµati, ±bhassarato heµµh± aggin± ¹ayhati. Yad± ±pena sa½vaµµati, subhakiŗhato heµµh± udakena vil²yati. Yad± v±yun± sa½vaµµati, vehapphalato heµµh± v±tena viddha½sati. Vitth±rato pana sad±pi eka½ buddhakhetta½ vinassati.
Buddhakhetta½ n±ma tividha½ hoti– j±tikhetta½, ±ŗ±khetta½, visayakhettańca. Tattha j±tikhetta½ dasasahassacakkav±¼apariyanta½ hoti. Ya½ tath±gatassa paµisandhigahaŗ±d²su kampati. ¾ŗ±khetta½ koµisatasahassacakkav±¼apariyanta½, yattha ratanasutta½ (khu. p±. 6.1 ±dayo) khandhaparitta½ (c³¼ava. 251; a. ni. 4.67) dhajaggaparitta½ (sa½. ni. 1.249) ±µ±n±µiyaparitta½ (d². ni. 3.275 ±dayo) moraparittanti (j±. 1.2.17-18) imesa½ paritt±na½ ±nubh±vo vattati. Visayakhetta½ anantamaparim±ŗa½. Ya½ “y±vat± v± pana ±kaŖkheyy±”ti (a. ni. 3.81) vutta½, yattha ya½ ya½ tath±gato ±kaŖkhati, ta½ ta½ j±n±ti. Evametesu t²su buddhakhettesu eka½ ±ŗ±khetta½ vinassati. Tasmi½ pana vinassante j±tikhettampi vinaµµhameva hoti. Vinassantańca ekatova vinassati, saŗµhahantampi ekato saŗµhahati. Tasseva½ vin±so ca saŗµhahanańca veditabba½.
405. Yasmi½ hi samaye kappo aggin± nassati, ±ditova kappavin±sakamah±megho vuµµhahitv± koµisatasahassacakkav±¼e eka½ mah±vassa½ vassati. Manuss± tuµµhahaµµh± sabbab²j±ni n²haritv± vapanti. Sassesu pana gokh±yitakamattesu j±tesu gadrabharava½ ravanto ekabindumpi na vassati, tad± pacchinna½ pacchinnameva vassa½ hoti. Ida½ sandh±ya hi bhagavat± “hoti kho so, bhikkhave, samayo ya½ bah³ni vass±ni bah³ni vassasat±ni bah³ni vassasahass±ni bah³ni vassasatasahass±ni devo na vassat²”ti (a. ni. 7.66) vutta½. Vass³paj²vino satt± k±laŖkatv± brahmaloke nibbattanti, pupphaphal³paj²viniyo ca devat±. Eva½ d²ghe addh±ne v²tivatte tattha tattha udaka½ parikkhaya½ gacchati, ath±nupubbena macchakacchap±pi k±laŖkatv± brahmaloke nibbattanti, nerayikasatt±pi. Tattha nerayik± sattamas³riyap±tubh±ve vinassant²ti eke.
Jh±na½ vin± natthi brahmaloke nibbatti, etesańca keci dubbhikkhap²¼it± keci abhabb± jh±n±dhigam±ya, te katha½ tattha nibbattant²ti. Devaloke paµiladdhajjh±navasena. Tad± hi “vassasatasahassassaccayena kappuµµh±na½ bhavissat²”ti lokaby³h± n±ma k±m±vacaradev± muttasir± vikiŗŗakes± rudamukh± ass³ni hatthehi puńcham±n± rattavatthanivatth± ativiya vir³pavesadh±rino hutv± manussapathe vicarant± eva½ ±rocenti “m±ris± ito vassasatasahassassaccayena kappavuµµh±na½ bhavissati, aya½ loko vinassissati, mah±samuddopi ussussissati, ayańca mah±pathav² sineru ca pabbatar±j± uddayhissanti vinassissanti. Y±va brahmalok± lokavin±so bhavissati. Metta½ m±ris± bh±vetha, karuŗa½, mudita½, upekkha½ m±ris± bh±vetha, m±tara½ upaµµhahatha, pitara½ upaµµhahatha, kule jeµµh±pac±yino hoth±”ti.