R³pasattakasammasanakath±

706. Aparo r³pasattaka-ar³pasattakavasena tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± saªkh±re sammasati. Tattha ±d±nanikkhepanato, vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamato, ±h±ramayato, utumayato, kammajato, cittasamuµµh±nato, dhammat±r³patoti imehi ±k±rehi ±ropetv± sammasanto r³pasattakavasena ±ropetv± sammasati n±ma. Ten±hu por±º±–
“¾d±nanikkhepanato, vayovu¹¹hatthag±mito;
±h±rato ca ututo, kammato c±pi cittato;
dhammat±r³pato satta, vitth±rena vipassat²”ti.
Tattha ±d±nanti paµisandhi. Nikkhepananti cuti. Iti yog±vacaro imehi ±d±nanikkhepehi eka½ vassasata½ paricchinditv± saªkh±resu tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti. Katha½? Etthantare sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±. Kasm±? Upp±davayavattito, vipariº±mato, t±vak±likato, niccapaµikkhepato ca. Yasm± pana uppann± saªkh±r± µhiti½ p±puºanti, µhitiya½ jar±ya kilamanti, jara½ patv± avassa½ bhijjanti, tasm± abhiºhasampaµip²¼anato, dukkhamato dukkhavatthuto, sukhapaµikkhepato ca dukkh±. Yasm± ca “uppann± saªkh±r± µhiti½ m± p±puºantu, µh±nappatt± m± j²rantu, jarappatt± m± bhijjant³”ti imesu t²su µh±nesu kassaci vasavattibh±vo natthi, suññ± tena vasavattan±k±rena, tasm± suññato, ass±mikato, avasavattito, attapaµikkhepato ca anatt±ti.
707. Eva½ ±d±nanikkhepanavasena vassasataparicchinne r³pe tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± tato para½ vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamato ±ropeti. Tattha vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamo n±ma vayavasena vu¹¹hassa va¹¹hitassa r³passa atthaªgamo. Tassa vasena tilakkhaºa½ ±ropet²ti attho.
Katha½? So tameva vassasata½ paµhamavayena majjhimavayena pacchimavayen±ti t²hi vayehi paricchindati. Tattha ±dito tetti½sa vass±ni paµhamavayo n±ma. Tato catutti½sa majjhimavayo n±ma. Tato tetti½sa pacchimavayo n±m±ti. Iti imehi t²hi vayehi paricchinditv±, “paµhamavaye pavatta½ r³pa½ majjhimavaya½ appatv± tattheva nirujjhati, tasm± ta½ anicca½. Yadanicca½, ta½ dukkha½. Ya½ dukkha½, tadanatt±. Majjhimavaye pavattar³pampi pacchimavaya½ appatv± tattheva nirujjhati, tasm± tampi anicca½ dukkhamanatt±. Pacchimavaye tetti½sa vass±ni pavattar³pampi maraºato para½ gamanasamattha½ n±ma natthi, tasm± tampi anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
708. Eva½ paµhamavay±divasena vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamato tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± puna “mandadasaka½, khi¹¹±dasaka½, vaººadasaka½, baladasaka½, paññ±dasaka½, h±nidasaka½, pabbh±radasaka½, vaªkadasaka½, mom³hadasaka½, sayanadasakan”ti imesa½ dasanna½ dasak±na½ vasena vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamato tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
Tattha dasakesu t±va vassasataj²vino puggalassa paµham±ni dasa vass±ni mandadasaka½ n±ma, tad± hi so mando hoti capalo kum±rako. Tato par±ni dasa khi¹¹±dasaka½ n±ma, tad± hi so khi¹¹±ratibahulo hoti. Tato par±ni dasa vaººadasaka½ n±ma, tad± hissa vaºº±yatana½ vepulla½ p±puº±ti. Tato par±ni dasa baladasaka½ n±ma, tad± hissa balañca th±mo ca vepulla½ p±puº±ti. Tato par±ni dasa paññ±dasaka½ n±ma, tad± hissa paññ± suppatiµµhit± hoti, pakatiy± kira dubbalapaññass±pi tasmi½ k±le appamattak± paññ± uppajjatiyeva. Tato par±ni dasa h±nidasaka½ n±ma, tad± hissa khi¹¹±rativaººabalapaññ± parih±yanti. Tato par±ni dasa pabbh±radasaka½ n±ma, tad± hissa attabh±vo purato pabbh±ro hoti. Tato par±ni dasa vaªkadasaka½ n±ma, tad± hissa attabh±vo naªgalakoµi viya vaªko hoti. Tato par±ni dasa mom³hadasaka½ n±ma. Tad± hi so mom³ho hoti, kata½ kata½ pamussati. Tato par±ni dasa sayanadasaka½ n±ma, vassasatiko hi sayanabahulova hoti.
Tatr±ya½ yog² etesa½ dasak±na½ vasena vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamato tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetu½ iti paµisañcikkhati– “paµhamadasake pavattar³pa½ dutiyadasaka½ appatv± tattheva nirujjhati, tasm± ta½ anicca½ dukkhamanatt±. Dutiyadasake…pe… navamadasake pavattar³pa½ dasamadasaka½ appatv± tattheva nirujjhati. Dasamadasake pavattar³pa½ punabbhava½ appatv± idheva nirujjhati, tasm± tampi anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
709. Eva½ dasakavasena vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamato tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± puna tadeva vassasata½ pañcapañcavassavasena v²satikoµµh±se katv± vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamato tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti. Katha½? So hi iti paµisañcikkhati– “paµhame vassapañcake pavattar³pa½ dutiya½ vassapañcaka½ appatv± tattheva nirujjhati, tasm± ta½ anicca½ dukkhamanatt±. Dutiye vassapañcake pavattar³pa½ tatiya½…pe… ek³nav²satime vassapañcake pavattar³pa½ v²satima½ vassapañcaka½ appatv± tattheva nirujjhati. V²satime vassapañcake pavattar³pa½ maraºato para½ gamanasamattha½ n±ma natthi, tasm± tampi anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti.
Eva½ v²satikoµµh±savasena vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamato tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± puna pañcav²sati koµµh±se katv± catunna½ catunna½ vass±na½ vasena ±ropeti. Tato tetti½sa koµµh±se katv± tiººa½ tiººa½ vass±na½ vasena, paññ±sa koµµh±se katv± dvinna½ dvinna½ vass±na½ vasena, sata½ koµµh±se katv± ekekavassavasena. Tato eka½ vassa½ tayo koµµh±se katv± vass±nahemantagimhesu t²su ut³su ekeka-utuvasena tasmi½ vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamar³pe tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
Katha½? “Vass±ne catum±sa½ pavattar³pa½ hemanta½ appatv± tattheva niruddha½. Hemante pavattar³pa½ gimha½ appatv± tattheva niruddha½. Gimhe pavattar³pa½ puna vass±na½ appatv± tattheva niruddha½, tasm± ta½ anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti. Eva½ ±ropetv± puna eka½ vassa½ cha koµµh±se katv±– “vass±ne dvem±sa½ pavattar³pa½ sarada½ appatv± tattheva niruddha½. Sarade pavattar³pa½ hemanta½. Hemante pavattar³pa½ sisira½. Sisire pavattar³pa½ vasanta½. Vasante pavattar³pa½ gimha½. Gimhe pavattar³pa½ puna vass±na½ appatv± tattheva niruddha½, tasm± anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti eva½ tasmi½ vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamar³pe tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
Eva½ ±ropetv± tato k±¼ajuºhavasena– “k±¼e pavattar³pa½ juºha½ appatv±. Juºhe pavattar³pa½ k±¼a½ appatv± tattheva niruddha½, tasm± anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti. Tato rattindivavasena– “ratti½ pavattar³pa½ divasa½ appatv± tattheva niruddha½. Divasa½ pavattar³pampi ratti½ appatv± tattheva niruddha½, tasm± anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti. Tato tadeva rattindiva½ pubbaºh±divasena cha koµµh±se katv±– “pubbaºhe pavattar³pa½ majjhanha½ appatv±. Majjhanhe pavattar³pa½ s±yanha½. S±yanhe pavattar³pa½ paµhamay±ma½. Paµhamay±me pavattar³pa½ majjhimay±ma½. Majjhimay±me pavattar³pa½ pacchimay±ma½ appatv± tattheva niruddha½. Pacchimay±me pavattar³pa½ puna pubbaºha½ appatv± tattheva niruddha½, tasm± anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
710. Eva½ ±ropetv± puna tasmi½yeva r³pe abhikkamapaµikkama-±lokanavilokanasamiñjanapas±raºavasena– “abhikkame pavattar³pa½ paµikkama½ appatv± tattheva nirujjhati. Paµikkame pavattar³pa½ ±lokana½. ¾lokane pavattar³pa½ vilokana½. Vilokane pavattar³pa½ samiñjana½. Samiñjane pavattar³pa½ pas±raºa½ appatv± tattheva nirujjhati. Tasm± anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
Tato ekapadav±ra½ uddharaºa atiharaºav²tiharaºavossajjanasannikkhepanasannirumbhanavasena cha koµµh±se karoti.
Tattha uddharaºa½ n±ma p±dassa bh³mito ukkhipana½. Atiharaºa½ n±ma purato haraºa½. V²tiharaºa½ n±ma kh±ºukaºµakad²ghaj±ti-±d²su kiñcideva disv± ito cito ca p±dasañc±raºa½. Vossajjana½ n±ma p±dassa heµµh± oropana½. Sannikkhepana½ n±ma pathav²tale µhapana½. Sannirumbhana½ n±ma puna p±duddharaºak±le p±dassa pathaviy± saddhi½ abhinipp²¼ana½. Tattha uddharaºe pathav²dh±tu ±podh±t³ti dve dh±tuyo omatt± honti mand±, itar± dve adhimatt± honti balavatiyo. Tath± atiharaºav²tiharaºesu. Vossajjane tejodh±tu v±yodh±t³ti dve dh±tuyo omatt± honti mand±, itar± dve adhimatt± honti balavatiyo. Tath± sannikkhepanasannirumbhanesu. Eva½ cha koµµh±se katv± tesa½ vasena tasmi½ vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamar³pe tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
Katha½? So iti paµisañcikkhati– “y± uddharaºe pavatt± dh±tuyo, y±ni ca tadup±d±yar³p±ni, sabbe te dhamm± atiharaºa½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhanti, tasm± anicc± dukkh± anatt±. Tath± atiharaºe pavatt± v²tiharaºa½. V²tiharaºe pavatt± vossajjana½. Vossajjane pavatt± sannikkhepana½. Sannikkhepane pavatt± sannirumbhana½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhanti. Iti tattha tattha uppann± itara½ itara½ koµµh±sa½ appatv± tattha tattheva pabba½ pabba½ sandhi sandhi odhi odhi hutv± tattakap±le pakkhittatil± viya taµataµ±yant± saªkh±r± bhijjanti. Tasm± anicc± dukkh± anatt±”ti. Tasseva½ pabbapabbagate saªkh±re vipassato r³pasammasana½ sukhuma½ hoti.
711. Sukhumatte ca panassa ida½ opamma½. Eko kira d±rutiºukk±d²su kataparicayo adiµµhapubbapad²po paccantav±siko nagaram±gamma antar±paºe jalam±na½ pad²pa½ disv± eka½ purisa½ pucchi ambho “ki½ n±meta½ eva½ man±pan”ti? Tamena½ so ±ha “kimettha man±pa½, pad²po n±mesa telakkhayena vaµµikkhayena ca gatamaggopissa na paññ±yissat²”ti. Tamañño evam±ha “ida½ o¼±rika½, imiss± hi vaµµiy± anupubbena ¹ayham±n±ya tatiyabh±ge tatiyabh±ge j±l± itar²tara½ padesa½ appatv±va nirujjhissat²”ti. Tamañño evam±ha “idampi o¼±rika½, imiss± hi aªgulaªgulantare a¹¹haªgula¹¹haªgulantare tantumhi tantumhi a½sumhi a½sumhi j±l± itar²tara½ a½su½ appatv±va nirujjhissati. A½su½ pana muñcitv± na sakk± j±la½ paññ±petun”ti.
Tattha “telakkhayena vaµµikkhayena ca pad²passa gatamaggopi na paññ±yissat²”ti purisassa ñ±ºa½ viya yogino ±d±nanikkhepanato vassasatena paricchinnar³pe tilakkhaº±ropana½. “Vaµµiy± tatiyabh±ge tatiyabh±ge j±l± itar²tara½ padesa½ appatv±va nirujjhissat²”ti purisassa ñ±ºa½ viya yogino vassasatassa tatiyakoµµh±saparicchinne vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamar³pe tilakkhaº±ropana½. “Aªgulaªgulantare j±l± itar²tara½ appatv±va nirujjhissat²”ti purisassa ñ±ºa½ viya yogino dasavassa pañcavassa catuvassa tivassa dvivassa ekavassa paricchinne r³pe tilakkhaº±ropana½. “A¹¹haªgula¹¹haªgulantare j±l± itar²tara½ appatv±va nirujjhissat²”ti purisassa ñ±ºa½ viya yogino ekeka-utuvasena eka½ vassa½ tidh±, chadh± ca vibhajitv± catum±sa-dvim±saparicchinne r³pe tilakkhaº±ropana½. “Tantumhi tantumhi j±l± itar²tara½ appatv±va nirujjhissat²”ti purisassa ñ±ºa½ viya yogino k±¼ajuºhavasena, rattindivavasena, ekarattindiva½ cha koµµh±se katv± pubbaºh±divasena ca paricchinne r³pe tilakkhaº±ropana½. “A½sumhi a½sumhi j±l± itar²tara½ appatv±va nirujjhissat²”ti purisassa ñ±ºa½ viya yogino abhikkam±divasena ceva uddharaº±d²su ca ekekakoµµh±savasena paricchinne r³pe tilakkhaº±ropananti.
712. So eva½ n±n±k±rehi vayovu¹¹hatthaªgamar³pe tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± puna tadeva r³pa½ visaªkharitv± ±h±ramay±divasena catt±ro koµµh±se katv± ekekakoµµh±se tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti. Tatr±ssa ±h±ramaya½ r³pa½ ch±tasuhitavasena p±kaµa½ hoti. Ch±tak±le samuµµhita½ r³pa½ hi jhatta½ hoti kilanta½, jh±makh±ºuko viya, aªg±rapacchiya½ nil²nak±ko viya ca dubbaººa½ dussaºµhita½. Suhitak±le samuµµhita½ dh±ta½ p²ºita½ mudu siniddha½ phassavanta½ hoti. So ta½ pariggahetv± “ch±tak±le pavattar³pa½ suhitak±la½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhati. Suhitak±le samuµµhitampi ch±tak±la½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhati, tasm± ta½ anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti eva½ tattha tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
713. Utumaya½ s²tuºhavasena p±kaµa½ hoti. Uºhak±le samuµµhita½ r³pa½ hi jhatta½ hoti kilanta½ dubbaººa½. S²ta-utun± samuµµhita½ r³pa½ dh±ta½ p²ºita½ siniddha½ hoti. So ta½ pariggahetv± “uºhak±le pavattar³pa½ s²tak±la½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhati. S²tak±le pavattar³pa½ uºhak±la½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhati, tasm± ta½ anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti eva½ tattha tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
714. Kammaja½ ±yatanadv±ravasena p±kaµa½ hoti. Cakkhudv±rasmi½ hi cakkhuk±yabh±vadasakavasena ti½sa kammajar³p±ni, upatthambhak±ni pana tesa½ utucitt±h±rasamuµµh±n±ni catuv²sat²ti catupaºº±sa honti. Tath± sotagh±najivh±dv±resu. K±yadv±re k±yabh±vadasakavasena ceva utusamuµµh±n±divasena ca catucatt±l²sa. Manodv±re hadayavatthuk±yabh±vadasakavasena ceva utusamuµµh±n±divasena ca catupaºº±sameva.
So sabbampi ta½ r³pa½ pariggahetv± “cakkhudv±re pavattar³pa½ sotadv±ra½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhati. Sotadv±re pavattar³pa½ gh±nadv±ra½. Gh±nadv±re pavattar³pa½ jivh±dv±ra½. Jivh±dv±re pavattar³pa½ k±yadv±ra½. K±yadv±re pavattar³pa½ manodv±ra½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhati, tasm± ta½ anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti eva½ tattha tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
715. Cittasamuµµh±na½ somanassitadomanassitavasena p±kaµa½ hoti, somanassitak±le uppanna½ hi r³pa½ siniddha½ mudu p²ºita½ phassavanta½ hoti. Domanassitak±le uppanna½ jhatta½ kilanta½ dubbaººa½ hoti. So ta½ pariggahetv± “somanassitak±le pavattar³pa½ domanassitak±la½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhati. Domanassitak±le pavattar³pa½ somanassitak±la½ appatv± ettheva nirujjhati, tasm± ta½ anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti eva½ tattha tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti.
Tasseva½ cittasamuµµh±nar³pa½ pariggahetv± tattha tilakkhaºa½ ±ropayato ayamattho p±kaµo hoti–
J²vita½ attabh±vo ca, sukhadukkh± ca keval±;
ekacittasam±yutt±, lahuso vattate khaºo.
Cull±s²ti sahass±ni, kappa½ tiµµhanti ye mar³;
na tveva tepi tiµµhanti, dv²hi cittehi samohit±.
Ye niruddh± marantassa, tiµµham±nassa v± idha;
sabbeva sadis± khandh±, gat± appaµisandhik±.
Anantar± ca ye bhagg±, ye ca bhagg± an±gate;
tadantar± niruddh±na½, vesama½ natthi lakkhaºe.
Anibbattena na j±to, paccuppannena j²vati;
cittabhaªg± mato loko, paññatti paramatthiy±.
Anidh±nagat± bhagg±, puñjo natthi an±gate;
nibbatt± yepi tiµµhanti, ±ragge s±sap³pam±.
Nibbatt±nañca dhamm±na½, bhaªgo nesa½ purakkhato;
palokadhamm± tiµµhanti, pur±ºehi amissit±.
Adassanato ±yanti, bhagg± gacchantudassana½;
vijjupp±dova ±k±se, uppajjanti vayanti c±ti. (Mah±ni. 10).
716. Eva½ ±h±ramay±d²su tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± puna dhammat±r³pe tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti. Dhammat±r³pa½ n±ma bahiddh± anindriyabaddha½ ayalohatipus²sasuvaººarajatamutt±maºive¼uriyasaªkhasil±pav±¼alohitaªgamas±ragallabh³mip±s±ºapabbatatiºarukkhalat±dibheda½ vivaµµakappato paµµh±ya uppajjanakar³pa½. Tadassa asokaªkur±divasena p±kaµa½ hoti.
Asokaªkura½ hi ±ditova tanuratta½ hoti, tato dv²hat²haccayena ghanaratta½, puna dv²hat²haccayena mandaratta½, tato taruºapallavavaººa½, tato pariºatapallavavaººa½, tato haritapaººavaººa½. Tato n²lapaººavaººa½. Tato n²lapaººavaººak±lato paµµh±ya sabh±gar³pasantatimanuppabandh±payam±na½ sa½vaccharamattena paº¹upal±sa½ hutv± vaºµato chijjitv± patati.
So ta½ pariggahetv± “tanurattak±le pavattar³pa½ ghanarattak±la½ appatv± nirujjhati. Ghanarattak±le pavattar³pa½ mandarattak±la½. Mandarattak±le pavattar³pa½ taruºapallavavaººak±la½. Taruºapallavavaººak±le pavatta½ pariºatapallavavaººak±la½. Pariºatapallavavaººak±le pavatta½ haritapaººavaººak±la½ Haritapaººak±le pavatta½ n²lapaººavaººak±la½. N²lapaººavaººak±le pavatta½ paº¹upal±sak±la½. Paº¹upal±sak±le pavatta½ vaºµato chijjitv± patanak±la½ appatv±va nirujjhati, tasm± ta½ anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti tilakkhaºa½ ±ropeti, eva½ tattha tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± imin± nayena sabbampi dhammat±r³pa½ sammasati.
Eva½ t±va r³pasattakavasena tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± saªkh±re sammasati.