20. Magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhiniddeso

Sammasanañ±ºakath±

692. Aya½ maggo, aya½ na maggoti eva½ maggañca amaggañca ñatv± µhita½ ñ±ºa½ pana magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhi n±ma.
Ta½ samp±detuk±mena kal±pasammasanasaªkh±t±ya nayavipassan±ya t±va yogo karaº²yo. Kasm±? ¾raddhavipassakassa obh±s±disambhave magg±maggañ±ºasambhavato. ¾raddhavipassakassa hi obh±s±d²su sambh³tesu magg±maggañ±ºa½ hoti, vipassan±ya ca kal±pasammasana½ ±di. Tasm± eta½ kaªkh±vitaraº±nantara½ uddiµµha½. Apica yasm± t²raºapariññ±ya vattam±n±ya magg±maggañ±ºa½ uppajjati, t²raºapariññ± ca ñ±tapariññ±nantar±, tasm±pi ta½ magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhi½ samp±detuk±mena kal±pasammasane t±va yogo k±tabbo.
693. Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo– tisso hi lokiyapariññ± ñ±tapariññ± t²raºapariññ± pah±napariññ± ca. Y± sandh±ya vutta½ “abhiññ±paññ± ñ±taµµhe ñ±ºa½. Pariññ±paññ± t²raºaµµhe ñ±ºa½. Pah±napaññ± paricc±gaµµhe ñ±ºan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.75). Tattha “ruppanalakkhaºa½ r³pa½, vedayitalakkhaº± vedan±”ti eva½ tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ paccattalakkhaºasallakkhaºavasena pavatt± paññ± ñ±tapariññ± n±ma. “R³pa½ anicca½, vedan± anicc±”ti-±din± nayena tesa½yeva dhamm±na½ s±maññalakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± pavatt± lakkhaº±rammaºikavipassan± paññ± t²raºapariññ± n±ma. Tesuyeva pana dhammesu niccasaññ±dipajahanavasena pavatt± lakkhaº±rammaºikavipassan± paññ± pah±napariññ± n±ma.
Tattha saªkh±raparicchedato paµµh±ya y±va paccayapariggah± ñ±tapariññ±ya bh³mi. Etasmi½ hi antare dhamm±na½ paccattalakkhaºapaµivedhasseva ±dhipacca½ hoti. Kal±pasammasanato pana paµµh±ya y±va udayabbay±nupassan± t²raºapariññ±ya bh³mi. Etasmi½ hi antare s±maññalakkhaºapaµivedhasseva ±dhipacca½ hoti. Bhaªg±nupassana½ ±di½ katv± upari pah±napariññ±ya bh³mi Tato paµµh±ya hi aniccato anupassanto niccasañña½ pajahati, dukkhato anupassanto sukhasañña½, anattato anupassanto attasañña½, nibbindanto nandi½, virajjanto r±ga½, nirodhento samudaya½, paµinissajjanto ±d±na½ pajahat²ti (paµi. ma. 1.52) eva½ niccasaññ±dipah±nas±dhik±na½ sattanna½ anupassan±na½ ±dhipacca½. Iti im±su t²su pariññ±su saªkh±raparicchedassa ceva paccayapariggahassa ca s±dhitatt± imin± yogin± ñ±tapariññ±va adhigat± hoti, itar± ca adhigantabb±. Tena vutta½ “yasm± t²raºapariññ±ya vattam±n±ya magg±maggañ±ºa½ uppajjati, t²raºapariññ± ca ñ±tapariññ±nantar±, tasm±pi ta½ magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhi½ samp±detuk±mena kal±pasammasane t±va yogo k±tabbo”ti.
694. Tatr±ya½ p±¼i–
“Katha½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ dhamm±na½ saªkhipitv± vavatth±ne paññ± sammasane ñ±ºa½? Ya½kiñci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v±…pe… ya½ d³re santike v±, sabba½ r³pa½ aniccato vavatthapeti, eka½ sammasana½. Dukkhato vavatthapeti, eka½ sammasana½. Anattato vavatthapeti, eka½ sammasana½. Y± k±ci vedan±…pe… ya½kiñci viññ±ºa½…pe… anattato vavatthapeti, eka½ sammasana½.
“Cakkhu½…pe… jar±maraºa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ aniccato vavatthapeti, eka½ sammasana½. Dukkhato anattato vavatthapeti, eka½ sammasana½.
“R³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ khayaµµhena, dukkha½ bhayaµµhena, anatt± as±rakaµµhen±ti saªkhipitv± vavatth±ne paññ± sammasane ñ±ºa½. Vedana½… viññ±ºa½… cakkhu½…pe… jar±maraºa½…pe… sammasane ñ±ºa½.
“R³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ saªkhata½ paµiccasamuppanna½ khayadhamma½ vayadhamma½ vir±gadhamma½ nirodhadhammanti saªkhipitv± vavatth±ne paññ± sammasane ñ±ºa½. Vedana½… viññ±ºa½… cakkhu½… jar±maraºa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ saªkhata½…pe… nirodhadhammanti saªkhipitv± vavatth±ne paññ± sammasane ñ±ºa½.
“J±tipaccay± jar±maraºa½, asati j±tiy± natthi jar±maraºanti saªkhipitv± vavatth±ne paññ± sammasane ñ±ºa½. At²tampi addh±na½, an±gatampi addh±na½ j±tipaccay± jar±maraºa½, asati j±tiy± natthi jar±maraºanti saªkhipitv± vavatth±ne paññ± sammasane ñ±ºa½. Bhavapaccay± j±ti…pe… avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±, asati avijj±ya natthi saªkh±r±ti saªkhipitv± vavatth±ne paññ± sammasane ñ±ºa½. At²tampi addh±na½, an±gatampi addh±na½ avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±, asati avijj±ya natthi saªkh±r±ti saªkhipitv± vavatth±ne paññ± sammasane ñ±ºa½.
“Ta½ ñ±taµµhena ñ±ºa½. Paj±nanaµµhena paññ±. Tena vuccati at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ dhamm±na½ saªkhipitv± vavatth±ne paññ± sammasane ñ±ºan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.48).
Ettha ca cakkhu½…pe… jar±maraºanti imin± peyy±lena dv±r±rammaºehi saddhi½ dv±rappavatt± dhamm±, pañcakkhandh±, cha dv±r±ni, cha ±rammaº±ni, cha viññ±º±ni, cha phass±, cha vedan±, cha saññ±, cha cetan±, cha taºh±, cha vitakk±, cha vic±r±, cha dh±tuyo, dasa kasiº±ni, dvatti½sakoµµh±s±, dv±das±yatan±ni, aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo, b±v²sati indriy±ni, tisso dh±tuyo, nava bhav±, catt±ri jh±n±ni, catasso appamaññ±, catasso sam±pattiyo, dv±dasa paµiccasamupp±daªg±n²ti ime dhammar±sayo sa½khitt±ti veditabb±.
Vutta½ heta½ abhiññeyyaniddese–
“Sabba½, bhikkhave, abhiññeyya½. Kiñca, bhikkhave, sabba½ abhiññeyya½? Cakkhu, bhikkhave, abhiññeyya½. R³p±… cakkhuviññ±ºa½… cakkhusamphasso… yampida½ cakkhusamphassapaccay± uppajjati vedayita½ sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, tampi abhiññeyya½. Sota½…pe… yampida½ manosamphassapaccay± uppajjati vedayita½ sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, tampi abhiññeyya½.
“R³pa½…pe… viññ±ºa½… cakkhu…pe… mano… r³p±…pe… dhamm±… cakkhuviññ±ºa½…pe… manoviññ±ºa½… cakkhusamphasso…pe… manosamphasso….
“Cakkhusamphassaj± vedan±…pe… manosamphassaj± vedan±… r³pasaññ±…pe… dhammasaññ±… r³pasañcetan±…pe… dhammasañcetan±… r³pataºh±…pe… dhammataºh±… r³pavitakko…pe… dhammavitakko… r³pavic±ro…pe… dhammavic±ro….
“Pathav²dh±tu…pe… viññ±ºadh±tu… pathav²kasiºa½…pe… viññ±ºakasiºa½… kes±…pe… mutta½… matthaluªga½….
“Cakkh±yatana½…pe… dhamm±yatana½… cakkhudh±tu…pe… manodh±tu… manoviññ±ºadh±tu… cakkhundriya½…pe… aññ±t±vindriya½….
“K±madh±tu… r³padh±tu… ar³padh±tu… k±mabhavo… r³pabhavo… ar³pabhavo… saññ±bhavo… asaññ±bhavo… nevasaññ±n±saññ±bhavo… ekavok±rabhavo… catuvok±rabhavo… pañcavok±rabhavo….
“Paµhama½ jh±na½…pe… catuttha½ jh±na½… mett±cetovimutti…pe… upekkh±cetovimutti… ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti…pe… nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti… avijj± abhiññeyy±…pe… jar±maraºa½ abhiññeyyan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.3; sa½. ni. 4.46).
Ta½ tattha eva½ vitth±rena vuttatt± idha sabba½ peyy±lena sa½khitta½. Eva½ sa½khitte panettha ye lokuttar± dhamm± ±gat±, te asammasanupagatt± imasmi½ adhik±re na gahetabb±. Yepi ca sammasanupag± tesu ye yassa p±kaµ± honti sukhena pariggaha½ gacchanti, tesu tena sammasana½ ±rabhitabba½.
695. Tatr±ya½ khandhavasena ±rabbhavidh±nayojan±– ya½kiñci r³pa½…pe… sabba½ r³pa½ aniccato vavatthapeti, eka½ sammasana½. Dukkhato anattato vavatthapeti, eka½ sammasananti. Ett±vat± aya½ bhikkhu “ya½kiñci r³pan”ti eva½ aniyamaniddiµµha½ sabbampi r³pa½ at²tattikena ceva cat³hi ca ajjhatt±didukeh²ti ek±dasahi ok±sehi paricchinditv± sabba½ r³pa½ aniccato vavatthapeti, aniccanti sammasati.
Katha½ Parato vuttanayena. Vuttañheta½– “r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ khayaµµhen±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.48).
Tasm± esa ya½ at²ta½ r³pa½, ta½ yasm± at²teyeva kh²ºa½, nayima½ bhava½ sampattanti anicca½ khayaµµhena.
Ya½ an±gata½ anantarabhave nibbattissati, tampi tattheva kh²yissati, na tato para½ bhava½ gamissat²ti anicca½ khayaµµhena.
Ya½ paccuppanna½ r³pa½, tampi idheva kh²yati, na ito gacchat²ti anicca½ khayaµµhena.
Ya½ ajjhatta½, tampi ajjhattameva kh²yati, na bahiddh±bh±va½ gacchat²ti anicca½ khayaµµhena.
Ya½ bahiddh±…pe… o¼±rika½…pe… sukhuma½…pe… h²na½…pe… paº²ta½…pe… d³re…pe… santike, tampi tattheva kh²yati, na d³rabh±va½ gacchat²ti anicca½ khayaµµhen±ti sammasati.
Ida½ sabbampi “anicca½ khayaµµhen±”ti etassa vasena eka½ sammasana½. Bhedato pana ek±dasavidha½ hoti.
Sabbameva ca ta½ dukkha½ bhayaµµhena. Bhayaµµhen±ti sappaµibhayat±ya. Yañhi anicca½, ta½ bhay±vaha½ hoti s²hopamasutte (sa½. ni. 3.78; a. ni. 4.33) dev±na½ viya. Iti idampi “dukkha½ bhayaµµhen±”ti etassa vasena eka½ sammasana½. Bhedato pana ek±dasavidha½ hoti.
Yath± ca dukkha½, eva½ sabbampi ta½ anatt± as±rakaµµhena. As±rakaµµhen±ti “att± niv±s² k±rako vedako saya½vas²”ti eva½ parikappitassa attas±rassa abh±vena. Yañhi anicca½, dukkha½, ta½ attanopi aniccata½ v± udayabbayap²¼ana½ v± v±retu½ na sakkoti, kuto tassa k±rak±dibh±vo. Ten±ha– “r³pañca hida½, bhikkhave, att± abhavissa. Nayida½ r³pa½ ±b±dh±ya sa½vatteyy±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 3.59). Iti idampi “anatt± as±rakaµµhen±”ti etassa vasena eka½ sammasana½. Bhedato pana ek±dasavidha½ hoti. Esa nayo vedan±d²su.
696. Ya½ pana anicca½, ta½ yasm± niyamato saªkhat±dibheda½ hoti. Tenassa pariy±yadassanattha½, n±n±k±rehi v± manasik±rappavattidassanattha½ “r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ saªkhata½ paµiccasamuppanna½ khayadhamma½ vayadhamma½ vir±gadhamma½ nirodhadhamman”ti puna p±¼i vutt±. Esa nayo vedan±d²s³ti.