Saªkh±rapaccay±viññ±ºapadavitth±rakath±

620. Saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºapade– viññ±ºanti cakkhuviññ±º±di chabbidha½. Tattha cakkhuviññ±ºa½ kusalavip±ka½ akusalavip±kanti duvidha½ hoti. Tath± sotagh±najivh±ka-±yaviññ±º±ni. Manoviññ±ºa½ kusal±kusalavip±k± dve manodh±tuyo, tisso ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tuyo, aµµha sahetuk±ni k±m±vacaravip±kacitt±ni, pañca r³p±vacar±ni, catt±ri ar³p±vacar±n²ti b±v²satividha½ hoti. Iti imehi chahi viññ±ºehi sabb±nipi b±tti½sa lokiyavip±kaviññ±º±ni saªgahit±ni honti. Lokuttar±ni pana vaµµakath±ya na yujjant²ti na gahit±ni.
Tattha siy± “katha½ paneta½ j±nitabba½ ida½ vuttappak±ra½ viññ±ºa½ saªkh±rapaccay± hot²”ti? Upacitakamm±bh±ve vip±k±bh±vato. Vip±ka½ heta½, vip±kañca na upacitakamm±bh±ve uppajjati. Yadi uppajjeyya sabbesa½ sabbavip±k±ni uppajjeyyu½, na ca uppajjant²ti j±nitabbameta½ saªkh±rapaccay± ida½ viññ±ºa½ hot²ti.
Katarasaªkh±rapaccay± katara½ viññ±ºanti ce. K±m±vacarapuññ±bhisaªkh±rapaccay± t±va kusalavip±k±ni pañca cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni, manoviññ±ºe ek± manodh±tu, dve manoviññ±ºadh±tuyo, aµµha k±m±vacaramah±vip±k±n²ti so¼asa. Yath±ha–
“K±m±vacarassa kusalassa kammassa kaµatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ uppanna½ hoti… sota… gh±na… jivh±… k±yaviññ±ºa½ vip±k± manodh±tu uppann± hoti. Somanassasahagat± manoviññ±ºadh±tu uppann± hoti. Upekkh±sahagat± manoviññ±ºadh±tu uppann± hoti. Somanassasahagat± ñ±ºasampayutt±. Somanassasahagat± ñ±ºasampayutt± sasaªkh±rena. Somanassasahagat± ñ±ºavippayutt±. Somanassasahagat± ñ±ºavippayutt± sasaªkh±rena. Upekkh±sahagat± ñ±ºasampayutt±. Upekkh±sahagat± ñ±ºasampayutt± sasaªkh±rena. Upekkh±sahagat± ñ±ºavippayutt±. Upekkh±sahagat± ñ±ºavippayutt± sasaªkh±ren±”ti (dha. sa. 431, 498).
R³p±vacarapuññ±bhisaªkh±rapaccay± pana pañca r³p±vacaravip±k±ni. Yath±ha–
“Tasseva r³p±vacarassa kusalassa kammassa kaµatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ vivicceva k±mehi paµhama½ jh±na½…pe… pañcama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharat²”ti (dha. sa. 499). Eva½ puññ±bhisaªkh±rapaccay± ekav²satividha½ viññ±ºa½ hoti.
Apuññ±bhisaªkh±rapaccay± pana akusalavip±k±ni pañca cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni, ek± manodh±tu, ek± manoviññ±ºadh±t³ti eva½ sattavidha½ viññ±ºa½ hoti. Yath±ha–
“Akusalassa kammassa kaµatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ uppanna½ hoti… sota… gh±na… jivh±… k±yaviññ±ºa½… vip±k± manodh±tu vip±k± manoviññ±ºadh±tu uppann± hot²”ti (dha. sa. 556).
¾neñj±bhisaªkh±rapaccay± pana catt±ri ar³pavip±k±n²ti eva½ catubbidha½ viññ±ºa½ hoti. Yath±ha–
“Tasseva ar³p±vacarassa kusalassa kammassa kaµatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam± ±k±s±nañc±yatanasaññ±sahagata½…pe… viññ±ºañc±…pe… ±kiñcaññ±…pe… nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasahagata½ sukhassa ca dukkhassa ca pah±n± catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharat²”ti (dha. sa. 501).
621. Eva½ ya½ saªkh±rapaccay± ya½ viññ±ºa½ hoti, ta½ ñatv± id±nissa eva½ pavatti veditabb±– sabbameva hi ida½ pavattipaµisandhivasena dvedh± pavattati. Tattha dve pañcaviññ±º±ni, dve manodh±tuyo, somanassasahagat± ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±t³ti im±ni terasa pañcavok±rabhave pavattiyaññeva pavattanti. Ses±ni ek³nav²sati t²su bhavesu yath±nur³pa½ pavattiyampi paµisandhiyampi pavattanti.
Katha½? Kusalavip±k±ni t±va cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni pañca kusalavip±kena akusalavip±kena v± nibbattassa yath±kkama½ parip±ka½ upagatindriyassa cakkh±d²na½ ±p±thagata½ iµµha½ iµµhamajjhatta½ v± r³p±di-±rammaºa½ ±rabbha cakkh±dipas±da½ niss±ya dassanasavanagh±yanas±yanaphusanakicca½ s±dhayam±n±ni pavattanti. Tath± akusalavip±k±ni pañca. Kevalañhi tesa½ aniµµha½ aniµµhamajjhatta½ v± ±rammaºa½ hoti. Ayameva viseso. Dasapi cet±ni niyatadv±r±rammaºavatthuµµh±n±ni niyatakicc±neva ca bhavanti.
Tato kusalavip±k±na½ cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ anantar± kusalavip±k± manodh±tu tesa½yeva ±rammaºa½ ±rabbha hadayavatthu½ niss±ya sampaµicchanakicca½ s±dhayam±n± pavattati. Tath± akusalavip±k±na½ anantar± akusalavip±k±. Idañca pana dvaya½ aniyatadv±r±rammaºa½ niyatavatthuµµh±na½ niyatakiccañca hoti.
Somanassasahagat± pana ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tu kusalavip±kamanodh±tuy± anantar± tass± eva ±rammaºa½ ±rabbha hadayavatthu½ niss±ya sant²raºakicca½ s±dhayam±n± chasu dv±resu balav±rammaºe k±m±vacarasatt±na½ yebhuyyena lobhasampayuttajavan±vas±ne bhavaªgav²thi½ pacchinditv± javanena gahit±rammaºe tad±rammaºavasena ca saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± pavattat²ti majjhimaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Abhidhammaµµhakath±ya½ pana tad±rammaºe dve cittav±r± ±gat±. Ida½ pana citta½ tad±rammaºanti ca piµµhibhavaªganti c±ti dve n±m±ni labhati. Aniyatadv±r±rammaºa½ niyatavatthuka½ aniyataµµh±nakiccañca hot²ti. Eva½ t±va terasa pañcavok±rabhave pavattiyaññeva pavattant²ti veditabb±ni.
Sesesu ek³nav²satiy± na kiñci attano anur³p±ya paµisandhiy± na pavattati. Pavattiya½ pana kusal±kusalavip±k± t±va dve ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tuyo pañcadv±re kusal±kusalavip±kamanodh±t³na½ anantar± sant²raºakicca½, chasu dv±resu pubbe vuttanayeneva tad±rammaºakicca½, attan± dinnapaµisandhito uddha½ asati bhavaªgupacchedake cittupp±de bhavaªgakicca½, ante cutikiccañc±ti catt±ri kicc±ni s±dhayam±n± niyatavatthuk± aniyatadv±r±rammaºaµµh±nakicc± hutv± pavattanti.
Aµµha k±m±vacarasahetukacitt±ni vuttanayeneva chasu dv±resu tad±rammaºakicca½, attan± dinnapaµisandhito uddha½ asati bhavaªgupacchedake cittupp±de bhavaªgakicca½, ante cutikiccañc±ti t²ºi kicc±ni s±dhayam±n±ni niyatavatthuk±ni aniyatadv±r±rammaºaµµh±nakicc±ni hutv± pavattanti.
Pañca r³p±vacar±ni catt±ri ca ±rupp±ni attan± dinnapaµisandhito uddha½ asati bhavaªgupacchedake cittupp±de bhavaªgakicca½, ante cutikiccañc±ti kiccadvaya½ s±dhayam±n±ni pavattanti Tesu r³p±vacar±ni niyatavatth±rammaº±ni aniyataµµh±nakicc±ni, itar±ni niyatavatthuk±ni niyat±rammaº±ni aniyataµµh±nakicc±ni hutv± pavattant²ti eva½ t±va b±tti½savidhampi viññ±ºa½ pavattiya½ saªkh±rapaccay± pavattati. Tatr±ssa te te saªkh±r± kammapaccayena ca upanissayapaccayena ca paccay± honti.
622. Ya½ pana vutta½ “sesesu ek³nav²satiy± na kiñci attano anur³p±ya paµisandhiy± na pavattat²”ti, ta½ atisa½khittatt± dubbij±na½. Tenassa vitth±ranayadassanattha½ vuccati– kati paµisandhiyo, kati paµisandhicitt±ni, kena kattha paµisandhi hoti, ki½ paµisandhiy± ±rammaºanti?
Asaññapaµisandhiy± saddhi½ v²sati paµisandhiyo. Vuttappak±r±neva ek³nav²sati paµisandhicitt±ni. Tattha akusalavip±k±ya ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ap±yesu paµisandhi hoti. Kusalavip±k±ya manussaloke jaccandhaj±tibadhiraj±ti-ummattakaj±ti-e¼am³ganapu½sak±d²na½. Aµµhahi sahetukak±m±vacaravip±kehi k±m±vacaradevesu ceva manussesu ca puññavant±na½ paµisandhi hoti. Pañcahi r³p±vacaravip±kehi r³p²brahmaloke. Cat³hi ar³p±vacaravip±kehi ar³paloketi. Yena ca yattha paµisandhi hoti s± eva tassa anur³p± paµisandhi n±ma. Saªkhepato pana paµisandhiy± t²ºi ±rammaº±ni honti at²ta½ paccuppanna½ navattabbañca. Asaññ± paµisandhi an±rammaº±ti.
Tattha viññ±ºañc±yatananevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanapaµisandh²na½ at²tameva ±rammaºa½. Dasanna½ k±m±vacar±na½ at²ta½ v± paccuppanna½ v±. Ses±na½ navattabbameva. Eva½ t²su ±rammaºesu pavattam±n± pana paµisandhi yasm± at²t±rammaºassa v± navattabb±rammaºassa v± cuticittassa anantarameva pavattati. Paccuppann±rammaºa½ pana cuticitta½ n±ma natthi. Tasm± dv²su ±rammaºesu aññatar±rammaº±ya cutiy± anantar± t²su ±rammaºesu aññatar±rammaº±ya paµisandhiy± sugatiduggativasena pavattan±k±ro veditabbo.
623. Seyyathida½– k±m±vacarasugatiya½ t±va µhitassa p±pakammino puggalassa “t±nissa tasmi½ samaye olambant²”ti-±divacanato (ma. ni. 3.248) maraºamañce nipannassa yath³pacita½ p±pakamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v± manodv±re ±p±tham±gacchati. Ta½ ±rabbha uppann±ya tad±rammaºapariyos±n±ya javanav²thiy± anantara½ bhavaªgavisaya½ ±rammaºa½ katv± cuticitta½ uppajjati. Tasmi½ niruddhe tadeva ±p±thagata½ kamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v± ±rabbha anupacchinnakilesabalavin±mita½ duggatipariy±panna½ paµisandhicitta½ uppajjati. Aya½ at²t±rammaº±ya cutiy± anantar± at²t±rammaº± paµisandhi.
Aparassa maraºasamaye vuttappak±rakammavasena narak±d²su aggij±lavaºº±dika½ duggatinimitta½ manodv±re ±p±tham±gacchati, tassa dvikkhattu½ bhavaªge uppajjitv± niruddhe ta½ ±rammaºa½ ±rabbha eka½ ±vajjana½, maraºassa ±sannabh±vena mand²bh³tavegatt± pañca javan±ni, dve tad±rammaº±n²ti t²ºi v²thicitt±ni uppajjanti. Tato bhavaªgavisaya½ ±rammaºa½ katv± eka½ cuticitta½. Ett±vat± ek±dasa cittakkhaº± at²t± honti. Athassa avasesapañcacittakkhaº±yuke tasmiññeva ±rammaºe paµisandhicitta½ uppajjati. Aya½ at²t±rammaº±ya cutiy± anantar± paccuppann±rammaº± paµisandhi.
Aparassa maraºasamaye pañcanna½ dv±r±na½ aññatarasmi½ r±g±dihetubh³ta½ h²nam±rammaºa½ ±p±tham±gacchati. Tassa yath±kkamena uppanne voµµhabban±vas±ne maraºassa ±sannabh±vena mand²bh³tavegatt± pañca javan±ni, dve tad±rammaº±ni ca uppajjanti. Tato bhavaªgavisaya½ ±rammaºa½ katv± eka½ cuticitta½. Ett±vat± ca dve bhavaªg±ni, ±vajjana½, dassana½, sampaµicchana½, sant²raºa½, voµµhabbana½, pañca javan±ni, dve tad±rammaº±ni, eka½ cuticittanti pañcadasa cittakkhaº± at²t± honti. Ath±vasesa-ekacittakkhaº±yuke tasmiññeva ±rammaºe paµisandhicitta½ uppajjati. Ayampi at²t±rammaº±ya cutiy± anantar± paccuppann±rammaº± paµisandhi. Esa t±va at²t±rammaº±ya sugaticutiy± anantar± at²tapaccuppann±rammaº±ya duggatipaµisandhiy± pavattan±k±ro.
624. Duggatiya½ µhitassa pana upacit±navajjakammassa vuttanayeneva ta½ anavajjakamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v± manodv±re ±p±tham±gacchat²ti kaºhapakkhe sukkapakkha½ µhapetv± sabba½ purimanayeneva veditabba½. Aya½ at²t±rammaº±ya duggaticutiy± anantar± at²tapaccuppann±rammaº±ya sugatipaµisandhiy± pavattan±k±ro.
625. Sugatiya½ µhitassa pana upacit±navajjakammassa “t±nissa tasmi½ samaye olambant²”ti-±divacanato maraºamañce nipannassa yath³pacita½ anavajjakamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v± manodv±re ±p±tham±gacchati. Tañca kho upacitak±m±vacar±navajjakammasseva. Upacitamahaggatakammassa pana kammanimittameva ±p±tham±gacchati. Ta½ ±rabbha uppann±ya tad±rammaºapariyos±n±ya suddh±ya v± javanav²thiy± anantara½ bhavaªgavisaya½ ±rammaºa½ katv± cuticitta½ uppajjati. Tasmi½ niruddhe tameva ±p±thagata½ kamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v± ±rabbha anupacchinnakilesabalavin±mita½ sugatipariy±panna½ paµisandhicitta½ uppajjati. Aya½ at²t±rammaº±ya cutiy± anantar± at²t±rammaº± v± navattabb±rammaº± v± paµisandhi.