11. Sam±dhiniddeso

¾h±repaµikk³labh±van±

294. Id±ni ±rupp±nantara½ ek± sańń±ti eva½ uddiµµh±ya ±h±re paµikk³lasańń±ya bh±van±niddeso anuppatto. Tattha ±harat²ti ±h±ro. So catubbidho kaba¼²k±r±h±ro, phass±h±ro, manosańcetan±h±ro, vińń±ŗ±h±roti.
Ko panettha kim±harat²ti? Kaba¼²k±r±h±ro ojaµµhamaka½ r³pa½ ±harati. Phass±h±ro tisso vedan± ±harati. Manosańcetan±h±ro t²su bhavesu paµisandhi½ ±harati. Vińń±ŗ±h±ro paµisandhikkhaŗe n±mar³pa½ ±harati.
Tesu kaba¼²k±r±h±re nikantibhaya½. Phass±h±re upagamanabhaya½. Manosańcetan±h±re upapattibhaya½. Vińń±ŗ±h±re paµisandhibhaya½. Eva½ sappaµibhayesu ca tesu kaba¼²k±r±h±ro puttama½s³pamena (sa½. ni. 2.63) d²petabbo. Phass±h±ro niccammag±v³pamena (sa½. ni. 2.63). Manosańcetan±h±ro aŖg±rak±s³pamena (sa½. ni. 2.63). Vińń±ŗ±h±ro sattisat³pamen±ti (sa½. ni. 2.63). Imesu pana cat³su ±h±resu asitap²takh±yitas±yitappabhedo kaba¼²k±ro ±h±rova imasmi½ atthe ±h±roti adhippeto. Tasmi½ ±h±re paµikk³l±k±raggahaŗavasena uppann± sańń± ±h±re paµikk³lasańń±.
Ta½ ±h±re paµikk³lasańńa½ bh±vetuk±mena kammaµµh±na½ uggahetv± uggahato ekapadampi avirajjhantena rahogatena paµisall²nena asitap²takh±yitas±yitappabhede kaba¼²k±r±h±re dasah±k±rehi paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±. Seyyathida½, gamanato, pariyesanato, paribhogato, ±sayato, nidh±nato, aparipakkato, paripakkato, phalato, nissandato, sammakkhanatoti.
295. Tattha gamanatoti eva½ mah±nubh±ve n±ma s±sane pabbajitena sakalaratti½ buddhavacanasajjh±ya½ v± samaŗadhamma½ v± katv± k±lasseva vuµµh±ya cetiyaŖgaŗabodhiyaŖgaŗavatta½ katv± p±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ upaµµhapetv± pariveŗa½ sammajjitv± sar²ra½ paµijaggitv± ±sanam±r³yha v²sati½sa v±re kammaµµh±na½ manasikaritv± uµµh±ya pattac²vara½ gahetv± nijanasamb±dh±ni pavivekasukh±ni ch±y³dakasampann±ni suc²ni s²tal±ni ramaŗ²yabh³mibh±g±ni tapovan±ni pah±ya ariya½ vivekarati½ anapekkhitv± sus±n±bhimukhena siŖg±lena viya ±h±ratth±ya g±m±bhimukhena gantabba½.
Eva½ gacchat± ca mańcamh± v± p²µhamh± v± otaraŗato paµµh±ya p±darajagharagolikavacc±disamparikiŗŗa½ paccattharaŗa½ akkamitabba½ hoti. Tato appekad± m³sikajatukavacc±d²hi upahatatt± antogabbhato paµikk³latara½ pamukha½ daµµhabba½ hoti. Tato ul³kap±r±vat±divaccasammakkhitatt± uparimatalato paµikk³latara½ heµµhimatala½. Tato kad±ci kad±ci v±teritehi pur±ŗatiŗapaŗŗehi gil±nas±maŗer±na½ muttakar²sakhe¼asiŖgh±ŗik±hi vassak±le udakacikkhall±d²hi ca sa½kiliµµhatt± heµµhimatalato paµikk³latara½ pariveŗa½. Pariveŗato paµikk³latar± vih±raracch± daµµhabb± hoti.
Anupubbena pana bodhińca cetiyańca vanditv± vitakkam±¼ake µhitena muttar±sisadisa½ cetiya½ morapińchakal±pamanohara½ bodhi½ devavim±nasampattisassir²ka½ sen±sanańca anapaloketv± evar³pa½ n±ma ramaŗ²ya½ padesa½ piµµhito katv± ±h±rahetu gantabba½ bhavissat²ti pakkamitv± g±mamagga½ paµipannena kh±ŗukaŗµakamaggopi udakavegabhinnavisamamaggopi daµµhabbo hoti.
Tato gaŗ¹a½ paµicch±dentena viya niv±sana½ niv±setv± vaŗaco¼aka½ bandhantena viya k±yabandhana½ bandhitv± aµµhisaŖgh±ta½ paµicch±dentena viya c²vara½ p±rupitv± bhesajjakap±la½ n²harantena viya patta½ n²haritv± g±madv±rasam²pa½ p±puŗantena hatthikuŗapa-assakuŗapagokuŗapamahi½sakuŗapamanussakuŗapa-ahikuŗapakukkurakuŗap±nipi daµµhabb±ni bhavanti. Na kevalańca daµµhabb±ni, gandhopi nesa½ gh±na½ paµihanam±no adhiv±setabbo hoti. Tato g±madv±re µhatv± caŗ¹ahatthi-ass±diparissayaparivajjanattha½ g±maracch± oloketabb± honti.
Icceta½ paccattharaŗ±di-anekakuŗapapariyos±na½ paµikk³la½ ±h±rahetu akkamitabbańca daµµhabbańca gh±yitabbańca hoti. Aho vata bho paµikk³lo ±h±roti eva½ gamanato paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±.
296. Katha½ pariyesanato? Eva½ gamanapaµikk³la½ adhiv±setv±pi g±ma½ paviµµhena saŖgh±µip±rutena kapaŗamanussena viya kap±lahatthena gharapaµip±µiy± g±mav²th²su caritabba½ hoti. Yattha vassak±le akkanta-akkantaµµh±ne y±va piŗ¹ikama½s±pi udakacikkhalle p±d± pavisanti, ekena hatthena patta½ gahetabba½ hoti, ekena c²vara½ ukkhipitabba½. Gimhak±le v±tavegena samuµµhitehi pa½sutiŗarajehi okiŗŗasar²rena caritabba½. Ta½ ta½ gehadv±ra½ patv± macchadhovanama½sadhovanataŗ¹uladhovanakhe¼asiŖgh±ŗikasunakhas³karavacc±d²hi sammiss±ni kimikul±kul±ni n²lamakkhikaparikiŗŗ±ni o¼igall±ni ceva candanikaµµh±n±ni ca daµµhabb±ni honti akkamitabb±nipi. Yato t± makkhik± uµµhahitv± saŖgh±µiyampi pattepi s²sepi nil²yanti.
Ghara½ paviµµhass±pi keci denti, keci na denti. Dadam±n±pi ekacce hiyyo pakkabhattampi pur±ŗakhajjakampi p³tikumm±sap³p±d²nipi dadanti. Adadam±n±pi kecideva “aticchatha, bhante”ti vadanti, keci pana apassam±n± viya tuŗh² honti, keci ańńena mukha½ karonti, keci “gaccha, re muŗ¹ak±”ti-±d²hi pharusav±c±hi samud±caranti. Eva½ kapaŗamanussena viya g±me piŗ¹±ya caritv± nikkhamitabbanti.
Icceta½ g±mappavesanato paµµh±ya y±va nikkhaman± udakacikkhall±dipaµikk³la½ ±h±rahetu akkamitabbańceva daµµhabbańca adhiv±setabbańca hoti. Aho vata bho paµikk³lo ±h±roti eva½ pariyesanato paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±.
297. Katha½ paribhogato? Eva½ pariyiµµh±h±rena pana bahig±me ph±sukaµµh±ne sukhanisinnena y±va tattha hattha½ na ot±reti, t±va tath±r³pa½ garuµµh±niya½ bhikkhu½ v± lajjimanussa½ v± disv± nimantetumpi sakk± hoti. Bhuńjituk±mat±ya panettha hatthe ot±ritamatte “gaŗhath±”ti vadantena lajjitabba½ hoti. Hattha½ pana ot±retv± maddantassa pańcaŖguli-anus±rena sedo paggharam±no sukkhathaddhabhattampi temento mudu½ karoti.
Atha tasmi½ parimaddanamatten±pi sambhinnasobhe ±lopa½ katv± mukhe µhapite heµµhimadant± udukkhalakicca½ s±dhenti, uparim± musalakicca½, jivh± hatthakicca½. Ta½ tattha suv±nadoŗiya½ suv±napiŗ¹amiva dantamusalehi koµµetv± jivh±ya samparivattiyam±na½ jivh±gge tanupasannakhe¼o makkheti, vemajjhato paµµh±ya bahalakhe¼o makkheti, dantakaµµhena asampattaµµh±ne dantag³thako makkheti. So eva½ vicuŗŗitamakkhito taŖkhaŗańńeva antarahitavaŗŗagandhasaŖkh±raviseso suv±nadoŗiya½ µhitasuv±navamathu viya paramajegucchabh±va½ upagacchati. Evar³popi sam±no cakkhussa ±p±tha½ at²tatt± ajjhoharitabbo hot²ti eva½ paribhogato paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±.
298. Katha½ ±sayato? Eva½ paribhoga½ upagato ca panesa anto pavisam±no yasm± buddhapaccekabuddh±nampi rańńopi cakkavattissa pittasemhapubbalohit±sayesu cat³su ańńataro ±sayo hotiyeva. Mandapuńń±na½ pana catt±ro ±say± honti. Tasm± yassa pitt±sayo adhiko hoti, tassa bahalamadhukatelamakkhito viya paramajeguccho hoti. Yassa semh±sayo adhiko hoti, tassa n±gabalapaŗŗarasamakkhito viya. Yassa pubb±sayo adhiko hoti, tassa p³titakkamakkhito viya. Yassa lohit±sayo adhiko hoti, tassa rajanamakkhito viya paramajeguccho hot²ti eva½ ±sayato paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±.
299. Katha½ nidh±nato? So imesu cat³su ±sayesu ańńatarena ±sayena makkhito anto-udara½ pavisitv± neva suvaŗŗabh±jane na maŗirajat±dibh±janesu nidh±na½ gacchati. Sace pana dasavassikena ajjhohariyati dasa vass±ni adhotavaccak³pasadise ok±se patiµµhahati. Sace v²sa, ti½sa, catt±l²sa, pańń±sa, saµµhi, sattati, as²ti, navutivassikena, sace vassasatikena ajjhohariyati. Vassasata½ adhotavaccak³pasadise ok±se patiµµhahat²ti eva½ nidh±nato paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±.
300. Katha½ aparipakkato? So pan±yam±h±ro evar³pe ok±se nidh±namupagato y±va aparipakko hoti, t±va tasmińńeva yath±vuttappak±re paramandhak±ratimise n±n±kuŗapagandhav±sitapavanavicarite atiduggandhajegucche padese yath± n±ma nid±ghe ak±lameghena abhivuµµhamhi caŗ¹±lag±madv±ra-±v±µe patit±ni tiŗapaŗŗakilańjakhaŗ¹a-ahikukkuramanussakuŗap±d²ni s³riy±tapena santatt±ni pheŗapupphu¼ak±cit±ni tiµµhanti, evameva ta½divasampi hiyyopi tato purime divasepi ajjhohato sabbo ekato hutv± semhapaµalapariyonaddho k±yaggisant±pakuthitakuthanasańj±tapheŗapupphu¼ak±cito paramajegucchabh±va½ upagantv± tiµµhat²ti eva½ aparipakkato paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±.
301. Katha½ paripakkato? So tattak±yaggin± paripakko sam±no na suvaŗŗarajat±didh±tuyo viya suvaŗŗarajat±dibh±va½ upagacchati. Pheŗapupphu¼ake pana muńcanto saŗhakaraŗiya½ pisitv± n±¼ike pakkhittapaŗ¹umattik± viya kar²sabh±va½ upagantv± pakk±saya½, muttabh±va½ upagantv± muttavatthińca p³ret²ti eva½ paripakkato paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±.
302. Katha½ phalato? Samm± paripaccam±no ca pan±ya½ kesalomanakhadant±d²ni n±n±kuŗap±ni nipph±deti asamm±paripaccam±no daddukaŗ¹ukacchukuµµhakil±sasosak±s±tis±rappabhut²ni rogasat±ni, idamassa phalanti eva½ phalato paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±.
303. Katha½ nissandato? Ajjhohariyam±no cesa ekena dv±rena pavisitv± nissandam±no akkhimh± akkhig³thako kaŗŗamh± kaŗŗag³thakoti-±din± pak±rena anekehi dv±rehi nissandati. Ajjhoharaŗasamaye cesa mah±pariv±ren±pi ajjhohariyati. Nissandanasamaye pana ucc±rapass±v±dibh±va½ upagato ekakeneva n²hariyati. Paµhamadivase ca na½ paribhuńjanto haµµhapahaµµhopi hoti udaggudaggo p²tisomanassaj±to. Dutiyadivase nissandento pihitan±siko hoti vikuŗitamukho jegucch² maŖkubh³to. Paµhamadivase ca na½ ratto giddho gadhito mucchitopi ajjhoharitv± dutiyadivase ekarattiv±sena viratto aµµ²yam±no har±yam±no jiguccham±no n²harati. Ten±hu por±ŗ±–
“Anna½ p±na½ kh±dan²ya½, bhojanańca mah±raha½;
ekadv±rena pavisitv±, navadv±rehi sandati.
“Anna½ p±na½ kh±dan²ya½, bhojanańca mah±raha½;
bhuńjati sapariv±ro, nikkh±mento nil²yati.
“Anna½ p±na½ kh±dan²ya½, bhojanańca mah±raha½;
bhuńjati abhinandanto, nikkh±mento jigucchati.
“Anna½ p±na½ kh±dan²ya½, bhojanańca mah±raha½;
ekarattipariv±s±, sabba½ bhavati p³tikan”ti.
Eva½ nissandato paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±.
304. Katha½ sammakkhanato? Paribhogak±lepi cesa hattha-oµµhajivh±t±l³ni sammakkheti. T±ni tena sammakkhitatt± paµikk³l±ni honti, y±ni dhot±nipi gandhaharaŗattha½ punappuna½ dhovitabb±ni honti. Paribhutto sam±no yath± n±ma odane paccam±ne thusakaŗakuŗ¹ak±d²ni uttaritv± ukkhalimukhavaµµipidh±niyo makkhanti, evameva sakalasar²r±nugatena k±yaggin± pheŗuddehaka½ paccitv± uttaram±no dante dantamalabh±vena sammakkheti. Jivh±t±luppabhut²ni khe¼asemh±dibh±vena, akkhikaŗŗan±sa-adhomagg±dike akkhig³thakakaŗŗag³thakasiŖgh±ŗik±muttakar²s±dibh±vena sammakkheti. Yena sammakkhit±ni im±ni dv±r±ni divase divase dhoviyam±n±nipi neva suc²ni, na manoram±ni honti. Yesu ekacca½ dhovitv± hattho puna udakena dhovitabbo hoti. Ekacca½ dhovitv± dvattikkhattu½ gomayenapi mattik±yapi gandhacuŗŗenapi dhovato p±µikulyat± vigacchat²ti eva½ sammakkhanato paµikk³lat± paccavekkhitabb±.
305. Tasseva½ dasah±k±rehi paµikk³lata½ paccavekkhato takk±hata½ vitakk±hata½ karontassa paµikk³l±k±ravasena kaba¼²k±r±h±ro p±kaµo hoti. So ta½ nimitta½ punappuna½ ±sevati bh±veti bahul²karoti. Tasseva½ karoto n²varaŗ±ni vikkhambhanti. Kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa sabh±vadhammat±ya gambh²ratt± appana½ appattena upac±rasam±dhin± citta½ sam±dhiyati. Paµikk³l±k±raggahaŗavasena panettha sańń± p±kaµ± hoti. Tasm± ima½ kammaµµh±na½ ±h±re paµikk³lasańń± icceva saŖkha½ gacchati.
Imańca pana ±h±re paµikk³lasańńa½ anuyuttassa bhikkhuno rasataŗh±ya citta½ patil²yati patikuµati pativaµµati. So kant±ranittharaŗatthiko viya puttama½sa½ vigatamado ±h±ra½ ±h±reti y±vadeva dukkhassa nittharaŗatth±ya. Athassa appakasireneva kaba¼²k±r±h±raparińń±mukhena pańcak±maguŗiko r±go parińńa½ gacchati. So pańcak±maguŗaparińń±mukhena r³pakkhandha½ parij±n±ti. Aparipakk±dipaµikk³labh±vavasena cassa k±yagat±satibh±van±pi p±rip³ri½ gacchati, asubhasańń±ya anulomapaµipada½ paµipanno hoti. Ima½ pana paµipatti½ niss±ya diµµheva dhamme amatapariyos±nata½ anabhisambhuŗanto sugatipar±yano hot²ti.
Aya½ ±h±re paµikk³lasańń±bh±van±ya vitth±rakath±.